List of national parks of Argentina

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The National Parks of Argentina make up a network of 46 national parks in Argentina. The parks cover a very varied set of terrains and biotopes, from Baritú National Park on the northern border with Bolivia to Tierra del Fuego National Park in the far south of the continent. The Administración de Parques Nacionales (National Parks Administration) is the agency that preserves and manages these national parks along with Natural monuments and National Reserves within the country.[1]

The headquarters of the National Parks Service are in downtown Buenos Aires, on Santa Fe Avenue. A library and information centre are open to the public. The administration also covers the national monuments, such as the Jaramillo Petrified Forest, and natural and educational reserves.

History[edit]

The creation of the National Parks dates back to the 1903 donation of 75 km2 (29 sq mi) of land in the Lake District in the Andes foothills by Francisco Moreno.[2] This formed the nucleus of a larger protected area in Patagonia around San Carlos de Bariloche. In 1934, a law was passed creating the National Parks system, formalising the protected area as the Nahuel Huapi National Park and creating the Iguazú National Park.[2] Thus, Argentina was the third country in the Americas, after United States and Canada to establish a national parks system.[2] The National Park Police Force was born, enforcing the new laws preventing tree-felling and hunting. Their early task was largely to establish national sovereignty over these disputed areas and to protect borders. Five further national parks were declared in 1937 in Patagonia and the service planned new towns and facilities to promote tourism and education. Six more were declared by 1970.

In 1970 a new law established new categories of protection: National Parks, National Monuments, Educational Reserves, and Natural Reserves. Three national parks were designated in the 1970s. In 1980, another new law affirmed the status of national parks - this law is still in place. The 1980s saw the service reaching out to local communities and local government to help in the running and development of the national parks. Ten more national parks were created with local co-operation, sometimes at local instigation. In 2000, Mburucuyá and Copo National Parks were declared, and El Leoncito natural reserve was upgraded to a national park. Currently, there are 41 protected areas in Argentina,[2] which cover an area of 37,000 km2 (14,286 sq mi) or about 1.5% of the total land area in Argentina.[2]

National Parks[edit]

The national parks of Argentina include:

National parks of Argentina
  World Heritage Site or part of a World Heritage Site
Name Photo Location Area Established
Baritú Pn baritu logo.png Salta Province 72,439 ha (280 sq mi)[3] 1974[3]
Bosques Petrificados de Jaramillo Cerros Madre e Hija.jpg Santa Cruz 63,543 ha (245 sq mi)[4] 2012[4]
Calilegua Sendero El Pedemontano.jpg Jujuy province 76,306 ha (295 sq mi)[5] 1979[5]
Campo de los Alisos Tucumán 17,000 ha (66 sq mi)[6] 1995[6]
Campos del Tuyú Atardecer en Campos del Tuyú.jpg Buenos Aires 3,040 ha (12 sq mi)[7] 2009[7]
Chaco Lake path sourrended by forest in National park Chaco.JPG Chaco Province 14,981 ha (58 sq mi)[8] 1954[8]
Copo Santiago del Estero Province 118,118 ha (456 sq mi)[9] 2000[9]
El Impenetrable Chaco Province 130,000 ha (502 sq mi)[10] 2014[10]
El Leoncito Parque Nacional El Leoncito, Calingasta, prov. de San Juan, Argentina.jpg San Juan Province 89,900 ha (347 sq mi)[11] 2002[12]
El Palmar El Palmar Plains.JPG Entre Ríos 8,500 ha (33 sq mi)[13] 1966[13]
El Rey Cariama cristata El Rey NP.jpg Salta 44,162 ha (171 sq mi)[14] 1948[14]
Iguazú Iguacu-002.jpg Misiones 67,720 ha (261 sq mi)[15] 1934[15]
Islas de Santa Fé Erythrina crista-galli 05 ies.jpg Santa Fe 4,096 ha (16 sq mi)[16] 2008[16]
Lago Puelo Puelo Lake.jpg Chubut 27,674 ha (107 sq mi)[17] 1937[17]
Laguna Blanca PN Laguna Blanca, Neuquen.jpg Neuquén 11,250 ha (43 sq mi)[18] 1945[18]
Lanín Lanin1997.jpg Neuquén 412,013 ha (1,591 sq mi)[19] 1937[19]
Lihué Calel LihueCale063.JPG La Pampa 32,514 ha (126 sq mi)[20] 1977[20]
Los Alerces Futalaufquen Lake.jpeg Chubut 259,570 ha (1,002 sq mi)[21] 1937[21]
Los Arrayanes Parque Nacional Los Arrayanes.jpg Neuquén 1,796 ha (7 sq mi)[22] 1971[23]
Los Cardones National Park Los Cardones National Park. Salta-Argentina..jpg Salta 64,117 ha (248 sq mi)[24] 1996[24]
Los Glaciares Walkways close to Perito Moreno Glacier.jpg Santa Cruz 726,927 ha (2,807 sq mi)[25] 1937[25]
Mburucuyá Palmar de Yatay.jpg Corrientes 17,660 ha (68 sq mi)[26] 2001[26]
Monte León Cabeza de Leon Parque Nacional Monte Leon Santa Cruz Argentina.JPG Santa Cruz 62,169 ha (240 sq mi)[27] 2004[27]
Nahuel Huapi Bariloche view.jpg Río Negro and Neuquén 717,261 ha (2,769 sq mi)[28] 1934[23]
Patagonia Santa Cruz 52,811 ha (204 sq mi)[29] 2014[29]
Perito Moreno Nothofagus pumilio-general view 01.JPG Santa Cruz 126,830 ha (490 sq mi)[30] 1937[30]
Predelta PN Predelta 1.jpg Entre Ríos 2,458 ha (9 sq mi)[31] 1991[31]
Quebrada del Condorito PN Quebrada del Condorito.jpg Córdoba 37,344 ha (144 sq mi)[32] 1996[32]
Río Pilcomayo Parque Nacional Río Pilcomayo.jpg Formosa 51,889 ha (200 sq mi)[33] 1951[33]
San Guillermo Parque Nacional San Guillermo, depto. Iglesia, San Juan.jpg San Juan 166,000 ha (641 sq mi)[34] 1999[34]
Sierra de las Quijadas Sierra de las Quijadas, San Luis.jpg San Luis 73,533 ha (284 sq mi)[35] 1991[35]
Talampaya Talampaya NP.jpg La Rioja 215,000 ha (830 sq mi)[36] 1997[36]
Tierra del Fuego PN Tierra del Fuego (View Costera).jpg Tierra del Fuego 68,909 ha (266 sq mi)[37] 1960[37]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Objetivos de la Administración" (in Spanish). Administración de Parques Nacionales. Retrieved August 15, 2015. 
  2. ^ a b c d e "Historia Institucional" (in Spanish). Administración de Parques Nacionales. Retrieved August 15, 2015. 
  3. ^ a b "Parque Nacional Baritú" (in Spanish). Administración de Parques Nacionales. Retrieved August 14, 2015. 
  4. ^ a b "Parque Nacional Bosques Petrificados de Jaramillo" (in Spanish). Administración de Parques Nacionales. Retrieved August 14, 2015. 
  5. ^ a b "Parque Nacional Calilegua" (in Spanish). Administración de Parques Nacionales. Retrieved August 14, 2015. 
  6. ^ a b "Parque Nacional Campo de los Alisos" (in Spanish). Administración de Parques Nacionales. Retrieved August 14, 2015. 
  7. ^ a b "Parque Nacional Campos del Tuyú" (in Spanish). Administración de Parques Nacionales. Retrieved August 14, 2015. 
  8. ^ a b "Parque Nacional Chaco" (in Spanish). Administración de Parques Nacionales. Retrieved August 14, 2015. 
  9. ^ a b "Parque Nacional Copo" (in Spanish). Administración de Parques Nacionales. Retrieved August 14, 2015. 
  10. ^ a b "Parque Nacional El Impenetrable" (in Spanish). Administración de Parques Nacionales. Retrieved August 14, 2015. 
  11. ^ "Parque Nacional El Leoncito" (in Spanish). Administración de Parques Nacionales. Retrieved August 14, 2015. 
  12. ^ Ley No. 25656, 16 October 2002, B.O., (30005), 4 (in Spanish); sanc.: 18 September 2002
  13. ^ a b "Parque Nacional El Palmar" (in Spanish). Administración de Parques Nacionales. Retrieved August 14, 2015. 
  14. ^ a b "Parque Nacional El Rey" (in Spanish). Administración de Parques Nacionales. Retrieved August 14, 2015. 
  15. ^ a b "Parque Nacional Iguazú" (in Spanish). Administración de Parques Nacionales. Retrieved August 14, 2015. 
  16. ^ a b "Parque Nacional Islas de Santa Fe" (in Spanish). Administración de Parques Nacionales. Retrieved August 14, 2015. 
  17. ^ a b "Parque Nacional Lago Puelo" (in Spanish). Administración de Parques Nacionales. Retrieved August 14, 2015. 
  18. ^ a b "Parque Nacional Laguna Blanca" (in Spanish). Administración de Parques Nacionales. Retrieved August 14, 2015. 
  19. ^ a b "Parque Nacional Lanín" (in Spanish). Administración de Parques Nacionales. Retrieved August 14, 2015. 
  20. ^ a b "Parque Nacional Lihué Calel" (in Spanish). Administración de Parques Nacionales. Retrieved August 14, 2015. 
  21. ^ a b "Parque Nacional Los Alerces" (in Spanish). Administración de Parques Nacionales. Retrieved August 14, 2015. 
  22. ^ "Parque Nacional Los Arrayanes" (in Spanish). Administración de Parques Nacionales. Retrieved August 14, 2015. 
  23. ^ a b "Parques Nacionales en la República Argentina" (in Spanish). Instituto Geográfico Nacional. Retrieved August 29, 2015. 
  24. ^ a b "Parque Nacional Los Cardones" (in Spanish). Administración de Parques Nacionales. Retrieved August 14, 2015. 
  25. ^ a b "Parque Nacional Los Glaciares" (in Spanish). Administración de Parques Nacionales. Retrieved August 14, 2015. 
  26. ^ a b "Parque Nacional Mburucuyá" (in Spanish). Administración de Parques Nacionales. Retrieved August 14, 2015. 
  27. ^ a b "Parque Nacional Monte León" (in Spanish). Administración de Parques Nacionales. Retrieved August 14, 2015. 
  28. ^ "Parque Nacional Nahuel Huapi" (in Spanish). Administración de Parques Nacionales. Retrieved August 14, 2015. 
  29. ^ a b "Parque Nacional Patagonia" (in Spanish). Administración de Parques Nacionales. Retrieved August 14, 2015. 
  30. ^ a b "Parque Nacional Perito Moreno" (in Spanish). Administración de Parques Nacionales. Retrieved August 14, 2015. 
  31. ^ a b "Parque Nacional Predelta" (in Spanish). Administración de Parques Nacionales. Retrieved August 14, 2015. 
  32. ^ a b "Parque Nacional Quebrada del Condorito" (in Spanish). Administración de Parques Nacionales. Retrieved August 14, 2015. 
  33. ^ a b "Parque Nacional Río Pilcomayo" (in Spanish). Administración de Parques Nacionales. Retrieved August 14, 2015. 
  34. ^ a b "Parque Nacional San Guillermo" (in Spanish). Administración de Parques Nacionales. Retrieved August 14, 2015. 
  35. ^ a b "Parque Nacional Sierra de las Quijadas" (in Spanish). Administración de Parques Nacionales. Retrieved August 14, 2015. 
  36. ^ a b "Parque Nacional Talampaya" (in Spanish). Administración de Parques Nacionales. Retrieved August 14, 2015. 
  37. ^ a b "Parque Nacional Tierra del Fuego" (in Spanish). Administración de Parques Nacionales. Retrieved August 14, 2015. 

External links[edit]