List of national parks of Brazil

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The system of national parks in Brazil started in 1937 with the creation of Itatiaia National Park. Another two national parks were created in 1939, and after a period of 20 years, the program of park creation has been restarted. Since then the number of parks increased steadily to 33 by 1990 and 67 by 2010.[1][2]

Size of the parks varies vastly between the 3,300 ha Tijuca National Park and the 3,800,000 ha Tumucumaque National Park. Of the 67 national parks, 19 protect an area that represents 5% of the original Amazon Rainforest, and another 22 protect 1% of the original Atlantic Forest. Seven parks protect the Caatinga ecoregion and twelve the Cerrado ecoregion. There are only six coastal and marine parks, including one that protects the Pantanal wetland. No park protects the Pampas.[1][2]

Visitors can only visit parks with a management plan and a public use plan. By 2010 only 30 parks were accessible to the public. Of these, the two most visited were the Tijuca National Park with 1.7 million visitors and the Iguaçu National Park with 1 million visitors, together accounting for 71% of all visitors to national parks in Brazil in 2009.[1]

National parks of Brazil
Name Year Area (km²) State
1 Abrolhos Marine National Park 1983 688 Bahia
2 Amazônia National Park 1974 9,940 Amazonas/Pará
3 Alto Cariri National Park 2010 182 Bahia
4 Aparados da Serra National Park 1959 102 Rio Grande do Sul/Santa Catarina
5 Araguaia National Park 1959 5,623 Tocantins
6 Araucárias National Park 2005 128 Santa Catarina
7 Boa Nova National Park 2010 142 Bahia
8 Brasília National Park 1961 300 Distrito Federal
9 Cabo Orange National Park 1980 6,190 Amapá
10 Campos Amazônicos National Park 2006 8,760 Rondônia
11 Campos Gerais National Park 2006 215 Paraná
12 Caparaó National Park 1961 318 Espírito Santo/Minas Gerais
13 Cavernas do Peruaçu National Park 1999 568 Minas Gerais
14 Chapada das Mesas National Park 2005 1,600 Maranhão
15 Chapada Diamantina National Park 1985 1,520 Bahia
16 Chapada dos Guimarães National Park 1989 330 Mato Grosso
17 Chapada dos Veadeiros National Park 1961 600 Goiás
18 Descobrimento National Park 1999 211 Bahia
19 Emas National Park 1961 1,318 Goiás
20 Fernando de Noronha Marine National Park 1988 112 Pernambuco
21 Furna Feia National Park 2012 85 Rio Grande do Norte
22 Grande Sertão Veredas National Park 1989 833 Bahia/Minas Gerais
23 Iguaçu National Park 1939 1,852 Paraná
24 Ilha Grande National Park 1997 788 Mato Grosso do Sul/Paraná
25 Itatiaia National Park 1937 300 Minas Gerais/Rio de Janeiro
26 Jamanxim National Park 2006 8,597 Pará
27 Jaú National Park 1980 22,720 Amazonas
28 Jericoacoara National Park 2002 200 Ceará
29 Jurubatiba Sandbank National Park 1996 148 Rio de Janeiro
30 Juruena National Park 2006 19,602 Amazonas/Mato Grosso
31 Lagoa do Peixe National Park 1986 344 Rio Grande do Sul
32 Lençóis Maranhenses National Park 1981 1,550 Maranhão
33 Mapinguari National Park 2008 15,624 Rondônia
34 Monte Pascoal National Park 1961 225 Bahia
35 Monte Roraima National Park 1989 1,160 Roraima
36 Nascentes do Lago Jari National Park 2008 8,121 Amazonas
37 Nascentes do Rio Parnaíba National Park 2002 7,298 Bahia/Maranhão/Piauí/Tocantins
38 Pacaás Novos National Park 1979 7,658 Rondônia
39 Pantanal Matogrossense National Park 1971 1,350 Mato Grosso/Mato Grosso do Sul
40 Pau Brasil National Park 2000 115 Bahia
41 Pedra Azul National Park 1996 100 Espírito Santo
42 Pico da Neblina National Park 1979 22,000 Amazonas
43 Pontões Capixabas National Park 2002 174 Espírito Santo
44 Saint-Hilaire/Lange National Park 2001 245 Paraná
45 São Joaquim National Park 1961 493 Santa Catarina
46 Sempre Vivas National Park 2002 1,245 Minas Gerais
47 Serra da Bocaina National Park 1974 1,318 Rio de Janeiro/São Paulo
48 Serra da Bodoquena National Park 2000 764 Mato Grosso do Sul
49 Serra da Canastra National Park 1972 2,000 Minas Gerais
50 Serra da Capivara National Park 1979 979 Piauí
51 Serra da Cutia National Park 2001 2,836 Rondônia
52 Serra da Mocidade National Park 1998 805 Roraima
53 Serra das Confusões National Park 1998 8,234 Piauí
54 Serra das Lontras National Park 2010 113 Bahia
55 Serra de Itabaiana National Park 2005 79 Sergipe
56 Serra do Cipó National Park 1984 310 Minas Gerais
57 Serra do Divisor National Park 1989 8,430 Acre
58 Serra do Itajaí National Park 2004 573 Santa Catarina
59 Serra do Pardo National Park 2005 4,473 Pará
60 Serra dos Órgãos National Park 1939 110 Rio de Janeiro
61 Serra Geral National Park 1992 173 Rio Grande do Sul/Santa Catarina
62 Sete Cidades National Park 1961 62 Piauí
63 Superagüi National Park 1989 210 Paraná
64 Tijuca National Park 1961 39 Rio de Janeiro
65 Tumucumaque National Park 2002 38,874 Amapá/Pará
66 Ubajara National Park 1959 62 Ceará
67 Vale do Catimbau National Park 2002 623 Pernambuco
68 Viruá National Park 1998 2,159 Roraima

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Ariane Janér: The National Parks of Brazil, EcoBrasil - Brazilian Ecotourism Association
  2. ^ a b David Braun: Brazil beefs up protection of Atlantic rain forest, in National Geographic, 14 June 2010

External links[edit]