List of national parks of Mongolia

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# Name Photo Location Map Area (km2) Year Description
1 Altai Tavan Bogd
Tavan Bogd Mountain.jpg
Bayan-Ölgii Province
48°33′N 88°37′E / 48.550°N 88.617°E / 48.550; 88.617
List of national parks of Mongolia is located in Mongolia
List of national parks of Mongolia
6362 1996 Located in the Altai Mountains at the western extreme of Mongolia, the park ("Altai five saints nature complex") includes Tavan Bogd, the highest mountain in Mongolia. Within the park is The (UNESCO) World Heritage Site 'Petroglyphic Complexes of the Mongolian Altai'.[1][2]
2 Gobi Gurvansaikhan
Gurvger.jpg
SouthGobi Province
43°N 104°E / 43°N 104°E / 43; 104
List of national parks of Mongolia is located in Mongolia
List of national parks of Mongolia
26947 1993 The park (Gobi three beauties nature complex) is located in the Gurvan Saikhan Mountains, in the Gobi Desert of south central Mongolia. It is the largest national park in Mongolia. Landmarks include Khongoryn Els, the "Singing Sands", a large complex of sand dunes that reach to the southeastern Altai Mountains.[3]
3 Gorkhi-Terelj
Gorchi-Tereldsch8.JPG
Töv Province
48°09′N 107°34′E / 48.150°N 107.567°E / 48.150; 107.567
List of national parks of Mongolia is located in Mongolia
List of national parks of Mongolia
2932 1993 Gorkhi-Terelj is located 37 km east of the capital city of Ulaanbaatar. Attractions include Khagiin Khar Lake, a 20m deep glacial lake 80 km upstream from the tourist camps, and Yestii Hot Water Springs, natural hot springs 18 km further upstream. The park also has a Buddhist monastery that is open to visitors.[4]
4 Khustain Nuruu
PrezHorseHustai.jpg
Töv Province
47°46′N 105°53′E / 47.767°N 105.883°E / 47.767; 105.883
List of national parks of Mongolia is located in Mongolia
List of national parks of Mongolia
506 1993 (Also called "Hustai Nuruu" (Birch Mountains), the park is located about 70 km west of Ulaanbaatar in central Mongolia. It is situated in steppe terrain along the Khentii Mountains, with the Tuul River flowing through its borders. It is part of the UNESCO Man and Biosphere site "Husai Nuruu", and is supporting the reintroduction of the endangered Przewalski's horse.[5][6]
5 Lake Khövsgöl
View from Hovsgol Lake to Munku-Sardyk - panoramio.jpg
Khövsgöl Province
51°12′N 100°50′E / 51.200°N 100.833°E / 51.200; 100.833
List of national parks of Mongolia is located in Mongolia
List of national parks of Mongolia
8381 1992 The park covers territory surrounding Lake Khovsgul, the largest freshwater lake in Mongolia (over 1,000 square miles and averaging over 450 feet in depth). Located in northwestern Mongolio on the border with Russia, Lake Khovsgul is sometimes referred to as a "younger sister" of Lake Baikal to the north.[7]
6 Khyargas Nuur
Khyargas-Nuur lake, Uvs aimag, Mongolia.JPG
Khovd Province
47°58′N 92°50′E / 47.967°N 92.833°E / 47.967; 92.833
List of national parks of Mongolia is located in Mongolia
List of national parks of Mongolia
8503 1997 Khyargas Nuur is a large (1,481 km2) salt lake in the Great Lakes Basin of western Mongolia, surrounded by desert and scrub. It is half-way between Uvs Lake, 70 km to the north, and Har Us Nuur National Park, 70 km to the south. The lake is known for hot springs.[8]
7 Tarvagatai Nuruu
Prostration Boards Facing Otgontenger Mountain - Zavkhan Aimag, Mongolia.JPG
Zavkhan Province
48°00′N 97°30′E / 48°N 97.5°E / 48; 97.5
List of national parks of Mongolia is located in Mongolia
List of national parks of Mongolia
6576 2000 The park covers the southwestern sector of the Tarvagatai Range of the Khangai Mountains in central Mongolia. The park is remote, protecting a transition zone between semi-arid steppe to the south and coniferous forests on the northern slope of the range. A large fire burned a significant part of the park in 2002, including 800 square kilometres (310 sq mi) of forest.[9]
8 Tsambagarav Uul
Tsambagarav Mountain.JPG
Bayan-Ölgii Province
48°42′N 91°00′E / 48.7°N 91°E / 48.7; 91
List of national parks of Mongolia is located in Mongolia
List of national parks of Mongolia
1137 2000 Mt Tsambagarav is a stand-alone mountain of the Mongol Altai Mountains, rising to an elevation of 4,193 metres (13,757 ft). The park features glaciers, rocky gorges, and glacial lakes.[10]
9 Bulgan Gol-Ikh Ongog
Bulgan gol.jpg
Bayan-Ölgii Province
46°06′N 91°10′E / 46.1°N 91.16°E / 46.1; 91.16
List of national parks of Mongolia is located in Mongolia
List of national parks of Mongolia
927 2011 The Bulgan River divides into many meandering streams, lakes, and wetlands as if flow through the valley in the park. The area is an important stopover for migratory birds. Species in the park include the vulnerable eastern imperial eagle, and the lesser kestrel.[11][12]
10 Chigertein Golin Ai Sav Bayan-Ölgii Province
47°48′N 90°15′E / 47.8°N 90.25°E / 47.8; 90.25
List of national parks of Mongolia is located in Mongolia
List of national parks of Mongolia
1672 2012 The Chigertey River Valley is a 20-mile wide glacial valley west of Delüünin the Altai Mountains on Mongolia's western border with China. Larch forests grow on the northern slopes of the mountains from elevations of 2,400-2,800 meters.[13][14]
11 Dariganga
Dariganga.jpg
Sükhbaatar Province
45°15′N 114°00′E / 45.25°N 114.0°E / 45.25; 114.0
List of national parks of Mongolia is located in Mongolia
List of national parks of Mongolia
645 2004 The park is on the Dariganga Plateau in southeastern Mongolia. Both Gobi desert and steppe habitats are featured around Ganga Lake. The site is a Ramsar Convention wetland of international importance, supporting breeding and migratory waterbirds such as the vulnerable white-naped crane and the vulnerable great bustard.[15][16][17]
12 Har Us Nuur
Jargalant Mountain2.JPG
Khovd Province
48°18′N 92°44′E / 48.3°N 92.74°E / 48.3; 92.74
List of national parks of Mongolia is located in Mongolia
List of national parks of Mongolia
8503 1997 The park is centered on Khar-Us Lake, Khar Lake and Dörgön Lake in the Great Lakes Basin of western Mongolia.[18][19]
13 Ikh Bogd Uul
Ikh Bogd Uul mount, Gobian Altay range, Bayankhongor aimag, Mongolia, 2006 (Highest point).jpg
Bayankhongor Province
45°00′N 100°18′E / 45°N 100.3°E / 45; 100.3
List of national parks of Mongolia is located in Mongolia
List of national parks of Mongolia
2629 2008 Ikh Bogd ("Great Saint") is the highest mountain in the Altai-Gobi Mountains, a southeastern spur range of the Altai. The middle and high elevations feature alpine meadows and montane steppe. The range, with semi-arid deserts to the north and south, supports rare species, such as the near-threatened argali (Ovis ammon) and Pallas's cat (Otocolobus manul).[20][21]
14 Khangai Nuruu
Kharkhorin3.JPG
Arkhangai Province
47°12′N 101°24′E / 47.2°N 101.4°E / 47.2; 101.4
List of national parks of Mongolia is located in Mongolia
List of national parks of Mongolia
8885 1996 The park stretches across the middle ranges of the greater Khangai Mountains in west-central Mongolia. In the northeastern area of the park is the famous Tövkhön Monastery.[22]
15 Khan-Khokhi Khyargas Mountain
Zuunkhangai.jpg
Uvs Province
49°25′N 94°47′E / 49.42°N 94.79°E / 49.42; 94.79
List of national parks of Mongolia is located in Mongolia
List of national parks of Mongolia
3413 2000 The Khan-Khokhi mountains are a western extension of the Khangai Mountains in Uvs Province. The mountains separate the Uvs Depression to the north from the Khyargas Lake depression to the south. The Khan-Khokhii National Park is a separate territory from that of Khyargas Nuur National Park, 20 km to the south.[23]
16 Khorgo-Terkhiin Tsagaan Nuur
Terkhijn Tsagaan Nuur1 - panoramio.jpg
Arkhangai Province
48°12′N 99°48′E / 48.2°N 99.8°E / 48.2; 99.8
List of national parks of Mongolia is located in Mongolia
List of national parks of Mongolia
773 1965 The park is centered on Terkhiin Tsagaan Lake, a freshwater lake in the Khangai Mountains, and the nearby Khorgo volcano (extinct).[24]
17 Mongol Els Zavkhan Province
47°36′N 94°42′E / 47.6°N 94.7°E / 47.6; 94.7
List of national parks of Mongolia is located in Mongolia
List of national parks of Mongolia
2713 2010 This particular "Mongolian Sands" National Park is about 100 km southeast of Khar Lake (Khovd). It covers a sand deposit 300 km long across the Zavkhan River valley.[25][26]
18 Munkhkhairkhan
Balbal at Munkh-Khairkhan mount - panoramio.jpg
Bayan-Ölgii Province
47°00′N 92°30′E / 47°N 92.5°E / 47; 92.5
List of national parks of Mongolia is located in Mongolia
List of national parks of Mongolia
5061 2011 The park is centered on Mönkhkhairkhan Mountain, the second highest mountain in Mongolia.[27]
19 Myangan-Ugalzat Khovd Province
46°18′N 93°12′E / 46.3°N 93.2°E / 46.3; 93.2
List of national parks of Mongolia is located in Mongolia
List of national parks of Mongolia
3038 2011 The park covers a sector high desert steppe of the Mongol Altai Mountains in western Mongolia. The park was established to protect its populations of the vulnerable Altai argali (Ovis ammon ammon).[28][29][30]
20 Noyon Khangai
Архангай Хангай сум Наадам - panoramio.jpg
Arkhangai Province
47°45′N 99°30′E / 47.75°N 99.50°E / 47.75; 99.50
List of national parks of Mongolia is located in Mongolia
List of national parks of Mongolia
591 1998 The Noyon Khangai Mountains are a range in the south-central region of the greater Khangai Mountains. There are geothermal hot springs in the area at an altitude of 2,300 metres (7,500 ft).[31][32]
21 Onon-Balj
OnonRiver.jpg
Khentii Province
48°59′N 111°06′E / 48.98°N 111.1°E / 48.98; 111.1
List of national parks of Mongolia is located in Mongolia
List of national parks of Mongolia
4148 2000 Onon-Balj covers the confluence of the Onon River and Balj River in Dadal Soum of Khentii Province. The area features many rivers, lakes, and desert steppe terrain.[33]
22 Orkhon Valley
Orchon28.JPG
Övörkhangai Province
47°27′N 102°43′E / 47.45°N 102.72°E / 47.45; 102.72
List of national parks of Mongolia is located in Mongolia
List of national parks of Mongolia
3530 2006 Valley of the Orkhon River east of the Khangai Mountains, on pastureland, and with many historical and archaeological sites. The site of Kharkhorum, the capital of Genghis Khan's 13th-century empire. A UNESCO World Heritage Site ('Orkhon Valley Cultural Landscape'), and UICN protected area ('Orxoni Xundii').[34][35]
23 Siilxem Nuruu
Climbing Nariinii Ehin Mount - panoramio.jpg
Bayan-Ölgii Province
49°44′N 89°52′E / 49.74°N 89.87°E / 49.74; 89.87
List of national parks of Mongolia is located in Mongolia
List of national parks of Mongolia
881 2000 Spread across two separate sectors along the border with Russia in the Siilkhem Mountains, northeast of Altai Tavan Bogd. Sector 'A' is the northernmost range of the Altai argali and Sector 'B' is habitat for the snow leopard.[36][37]
24 Tengis-Shishged Khövsgöl Province
51°29′N 98°44′E / 51.49°N 98.73°E / 51.49; 98.73
List of national parks of Mongolia is located in Mongolia
List of national parks of Mongolia
8757 2000 The park covers the lower Shishged River as if flows west from the Darkhad Valley in northern Mongolia. The landscape is one of high peaks with steep sides and wide glaciated valleys. It protects a cultural region of the Dukha people, nomadic reindeer herders.[38][39]
25 Tujiin Nars
Selenge Altanbulag tujiin nars - panoramio.jpg
Selenge Province
50°06′N 106°24′E / 50.1°N 106.4°E / 50.1; 106.4
List of national parks of Mongolia is located in Mongolia
List of national parks of Mongolia
708 2002 Tujiin Nars is a pine forest in Selenge Province, in northern Mongolia. An extensive reforestation effort is underway in the park, recovering from forest fires and illegal logging in the 1990s.[40][41][42]
26 Ulaagchini Khar Nuur
Ulaagchinii Khar lake - panoramio.jpg
Zavkhan Province
48°22′N 95°37′E / 48.37°N 95.62°E / 48.37; 95.62
List of national parks of Mongolia is located in Mongolia
List of national parks of Mongolia
2594 2010 The park encompasses two large freshwater lakes, Bayan Lake to the west, and Ulaagchin Khar Lake 50 km to the east. This is the 'Khar Lake' in Zavkhan Province located in a depression below the Tarvagatai Mountains. Ulaagchin Khar is surrounded by sand dunes and mountains.[43][44]
27 Undurkhaan Uul Khentii Province
47°30′N 110°27′E / 47.5°N 110.45°E / 47.5; 110.45
List of national parks of Mongolia is located in Mongolia
List of national parks of Mongolia
88 2012 The site is small, covering an isolated mountain surrounded by low areas, about 25 km north of Öndörkhaan.[45]
28 Khugnu-Tarna
Rashaant, Mongolia - panoramio (9).jpg
Bulgan Province
47°28′N 103°38′E / 47.47°N 103.64°E / 47.47; 103.64
List of national parks of Mongolia is located in Mongolia
List of national parks of Mongolia
841 2003 Khogno Khan Mountain is about 60 km east of Kharakoram. The park features many historical sites, including the ruins of a 17th-century monastery.[46]
29 Zag Baidragiin Goliin Ekhen Sav Bayankhongor Province
47°30′N 99°28′E / 47.5°N 99.46°E / 47.5; 99.46
List of national parks of Mongolia is located in Mongolia
List of national parks of Mongolia
1163 2012 The park covers valleys of the Baidrag River and Zag River as they flow south from the Khangai Mountains in west-central Mongolio.[47]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Petroglyphic Complexes of the Mongolian Altai". UNESCO. Retrieved April 11, 2020.
  2. ^ "Altai Tavan range". Protected Planet. Retrieved April 11, 2020.
  3. ^ "Gobi Gurvansaikhan range". Protected Planet. Retrieved April 11, 2020.
  4. ^ "Gorkhi - Terelj". Protected Planet. Retrieved April 11, 2020.
  5. ^ "Hustai Nuruu". UNESCO Man and Biosphere Program. Retrieved April 11, 2020.
  6. ^ "Hustain Nuruu". Protected Planet. Retrieved April 11, 2020.
  7. ^ "Kuvsgul National Park". Protected Planet. Retrieved April 11, 2020.
  8. ^ "Khan Khukhii-Khyragas Lake". Protected Planet. Retrieved April 25, 2020.
  9. ^ "Tarvagatai National Park". Protected Planet. Retrieved April 11, 2020.
  10. ^ "Cambagary National Park". Protected Planet. Retrieved April 11, 2020.
  11. ^ "Bulgan gol-Ikh Ongog". Protected Planet. Retrieved April 11, 2020.
  12. ^ "Bulgan gol-Ikh Ongog". BirdLife International. Retrieved April 11, 2020.
  13. ^ "Chigrtein". Protected Planet. Retrieved April 11, 2020.
  14. ^ "Reconstructing Late Holocene Climate Through Tree-Ring Analysis of Siberian Larch: Altai Mountains, Western Mongolia" (PDF). Keck Geology Consortium. Retrieved April 18, 2020.
  15. ^ "Dariganga". Protected Planet. Retrieved April 11, 2020.
  16. ^ "Dariganga". BirdLife International. Retrieved April 11, 2020.
  17. ^ "Lake Ganga and its surrounding wetlands". Ramsar Sites Information Service. Retrieved April 11, 2020.
  18. ^ "Khar-Us Nuur National Park". BirdLife International. Retrieved April 25, 2020.
  19. ^ "Khar Us Nuur National Park". Ramsar Convention. Retrieved April 25, 2020.
  20. ^ "Ix Bogd mountain". Protected Planet. Retrieved April 11, 2020.
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  24. ^ "Khorgo Terkh Zagaan nuur". Protected Planet. Retrieved April 11, 2020.
  25. ^ "Mongol Els". Protected Planet. Retrieved April 11, 2020.
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  28. ^ "Myangan Ugalzataa". Protected Planet. Retrieved April 11, 2020.
  29. ^ "Myangan Ugalzat" (in Mongolian). Official Park Website. Retrieved April 11, 2020.
  30. ^ "Myangan Ugalzat" (in Mongolian). Park Administrator. Retrieved April 18, 2020.
  31. ^ "Noyon Khangai". Protected Planet. Retrieved April 11, 2020.
  32. ^ "Thermoeconomic Analysis of a New Geothermal Utilization CHP Plant in Tsetserleg, Mongolia" (PDF). The United Nations University. Retrieved April 18, 2020.
  33. ^ "Onon - Balj - A". Protected Planet. Retrieved April 11, 2020.
  34. ^ "Orxoni Xundii". Protected Planet. Retrieved April 11, 2020.
  35. ^ "Orkhon Valley Cultural Landscape". UNESCO. Retrieved April 18, 2020.
  36. ^ "Siilxem". Protected Planet. Retrieved April 11, 2020.
  37. ^ "Tentative List - Highlands of Mongol Altai". UNESCO World Heritage. Retrieved April 18, 2020.
  38. ^ "Tengis-Shishged". Protected Planet. Retrieved April 11, 2020.
  39. ^ "Natural Resource Inventory and Monitoring for Ulaan Taiga Specially Protected Areas" (PDF). US Geological Survey. Retrieved April 18, 2020.
  40. ^ "Tujiin Nars". Protected Planet. Retrieved April 11, 2020.
  41. ^ "Tujiin Nars National Park" (in Mongolian). Official Park Facebook site. Retrieved April 18, 2020.
  42. ^ Bowman, Julie (September 1, 2012). "Tujin Nars: A Story of the Forest". SIT Digital Collectins. SIT Graduate Institute. Retrieved April 18, 2020.
  43. ^ "Ulaagchini Khar Nuur". Protected Planet. Retrieved April 11, 2020.
  44. ^ "Khar Lake Important Bird Area". BirdLife International. Retrieved April 18, 2020.
  45. ^ "Undurkhaan Uul". Protected Planet. Retrieved April 18, 2020.
  46. ^ "Xugnu Tarna". Protected Planet. Retrieved April 11, 2020.
  47. ^ "Zag Baidragiin goliin ekhen sav". Protected Planet. Retrieved April 11, 2020.

External links[edit]