List of national parks of Sri Lanka

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

National parks are a class of protected areas in Sri Lanka and are administered by the Department of Wildlife Conservation. National parks are governed by the Fauna and Flora Protection Ordinance (No. 2) of 1937 and may be created, amended or abolished by ministerial order.[1] All of the land in national parks are state-owned and the entire habitat is protected.[1] Activities prohibited in national parks include hunting, killing or removing any wild animal; destroying eggs/nests of birds and reptiles; disturbing of wild animals; interfering in the breeding of any animal; felling/damaging of any plant; breaking up land for cultivation/mining/other purpose; kindling/carrying of fire; and possessing/using any trap/explosive/poison to damage animal or plant life.[1] Visitors are allowed to enter national parks but only for the purpose of observing flora and fauna and with a permit.[2] There are currently 26 national parks which together cover an area of 5,734 km2 (2,214 sq mi).[2]

National parks[edit]

National park Image Location Established
[2][3]
Area[2][3][4]
km² mi²
Adam’s Bridge Northern Province 22 June 2015 190 73
Angammedilla Polonnaruwa-panta.jpg North Central Province 6 June 2006 75 29
Bundala Wildlife Preserve Near Kirinda, Sri Lanka.jpg Southern Province 4 January 1993 62 24
Chundikkulam Northern Province 22 June 2015 196 76
Delft Wild horses (Delft Island).JPG Northern Province 22 June 2015 18 7
Flood Plains North Central Province 7 August 1984 174 67
Gal Oya Gal Oya National Park (Senanayake Samudhraya).JPG Eastern Province
Uva Province
12 February 1954 259 100
Galway's Land Central Province 18 May 2006 0 0
Hikkaduwa Southern Province 8 October 2002 1 0
Horagolla Western Province 28 July 2004 0 0
Horrowpatana 6 December 2011 26 10
Horton Plains Srilankamountainforest.jpg Central Province 16 March 1988 32 12
Kaudulla Sri Lanka Photo073.jpg North Central Province 1 April 2002 69 27
Kumana (Yala East) Eastern Province 20 January 1970 181 70
Lahugala Kitulana Eastern Province 31 October 1980 16 6
Lunugamvehera Landscape with elephant at Lunugamvehera National Park.JPG Southern Province
Uva Province
8 December 1995 235 91
Madhu Road Northern Province 22 June 2015 164 63
Maduru Oya Maduru Oya National Park grassland.jpg Eastern Province
Uva Province
9 November 1983 588 227
Minneriya Birds at the Minneriya-Giritale National Park.jpg North Central Province 12 August 1997 89 34
Pigeon Island Sri Lanka-Trincomalee-Pigeon Island.JPG Eastern Province 24 June 2003 5 2
Somawathiya Somawathiya National Park, Sri Lanka.jpg Eastern Province
North Central Province
2 September 1986 376 145
Udawalawe Uda Walawe safari track.jpg Sabaragamuwa Province
Uva Province
30 June 1972 308 119
Ussangoda උස්සංගොඩ.JPG Southern Province 6 May 2010 3 1
Wasgamuwa Wasgamuwa elephant.jpg Central Province
North Central Province
7 August 1984 371 143
Wilpattu WilpattuNationalPark-April2014 (8).JPG North Central Province
North Western Province
25 February 1938 1,317 508
Yala (Ruhuna) Yala.jpg Southern Province
Uva Province
25 February 1938 979 378
Total 5,734 2,214

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Green, Michael J. B. (1990). IUCN Directory of South Asian Protected Areas (PDF). International Union for Conservation of Nature. p. 184. ISBN 2-8317-0030-2. 
  2. ^ a b c d "National Parks". Department of Wildlife Conservation. 
  3. ^ a b The National Atlas of Sri Lanka (2nd ed.). Department of Survey. 2007. ISBN 955-9059-04-1. 
  4. ^ Senarathna, P.M. (2005). Sri Lankawe Wananththra (in Sinhala) (1st ed.). Sarasavi Publishers. ISBN 955-573-401-1. 

External links[edit]