List of national parks of Thailand

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Haeo Suwat waterfall in Khao Yai National Park, Thailand's first national park, designated in 1961.

National parks in Thailand (Thai: อุทยานแห่งชาติ) are defined as an area that contains natural resources of ecological importance or unique beauty, or flora and fauna of special importance. As of 2019 Thailand's protected areas included 157 national parks, 58 wildlife sanctuaries, 67 non-hunting areas, and 120 forest parks. They cover almost 20 percent of the kingdom's territory.[1]: 10 

The parks are administered by the National Park, Wildlife and Plant Conservation Department (DNP), of the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment (MNRE). The department was created in 2002, and took over the national parks from the Royal Forest Department of the Ministry of Agriculture.[2]

The first national park was Khao Yai in 1961, when the National Park Act B.E. 2504 was passed. The first marine park was Khao Sam Roi Yot, established in 1966. In 1993 the administration of the national parks was split into two divisions, one for the terrestrial and one for the Marine National Park Division (MNPD).[3]

Controversies about Thailand's national parks include complaints over excessive development and allotment of private concessions. Ko Samet, and other island-based national parks, are particularly impacted by the activities of private concessions, often in the form of excessive bungalow developments. Many of the northern parks are greatly impacted by illegal swidden farming and poaching.

The Numbers of visitors of the national parks are from the fiscal year 2019, which runs from 1 October 2018 to 30 September 2019.[4]

National parks of Thailand[edit]

Phu Hin Rong Kla National Park, Loei, Phitsanulok, and Phetchabun Provinces.
Wachirathan (lit. 'Diamond Creek') waterfall on Doi Inthanon, the highest mountain in Thailand.
Khao Yai National Park, the second largest in Thailand, covering an area of 2,168 km2
Phraya Nakhon Cave in Khao Sam Roi Yot National Park, Thailand's first national marine park.
Karst formations in Ao Phang Nga National Park.
Tropical rainforest of Khao Lak-Lam Ru National Park.
Cheow Lake in Khao Sok National Park.
Primary tropical rainforest of Khao Sok National Park.
Name Province Area (km2) Date created Source Visitors in 2019
Doi Inthanon Chiang Mai 482 1972 [1] 874,372
Doi Pha Hom Pok Chiang Mai 524 2000 [2] 90,844
Doi Suthep–Pui Chiang Mai 261 1981 [3] 328,659
Khun Khan Chiang Mai 208 2012 [4] 587
Mae Wang Chiang Mai 120 2009 [5] 80,375
Op Luang Chiang Mai 553 1991 [6] 42,708
Pha Daeng Chiang Mai 1,123 2000 [7] 44,741
Si Lanna Chiang Mai 1,406 1989 [8] 81,664
Doi Luang Chiang Rai, Phayao, Lampang 1,170 1990 [9] 41,016
Khun Chae Chiang Rai 270 1995 [10] 11,240
Chae Son Lampang 592 1988 [11] 248,381
Mae Wa Lampang, Tak 587 2000 [12] 5,878
Doi Khun Tan Lamphun 255 1975 [13] 15,968
Mae Ping Lamphun, Tak, Chiang Mai 1,004 1981 [14] 39,895
Huai Nam Dang Mae Hong Son, Chiang Mai 1,252 1995 [15] 164,063
Namtok Mae Surin Mae Hong Son 397 1981 [16] 5,471
Salawin Mae Hong Son 722 1993 [17] 2,054
Tham Pla–Namtok Pha Suea Mae Hong Son 511 2010 [18] 89,047
Doi Phu Kha Nan 1,704 1999 [19] 63,102
Khun Nan Nan 208 2009 [20] 2,645
Mae Charim Nan 432 1961 [21] 10,086
Si Nan Nan 1,024 2007 [22] 115,358
Doi Phu Nang Phayao 860 2012 [23] 35,181
Mae Puem Phayao, Chiang Rai 35 2010 [24] 12,367
Phu Sang Phayao, Chiang Rai 285 2000 [25] 111,009
Doi Pha Klong Phrae 189 2007 [26] 3,891
Mae Yom Phrae 455 1986 [27] 6,738
Wiang Kosai Phrae, Lampang 410 1981 [28] 22,060
Lam Nam Nan Uttaradit, Phrae 999 1998 [29] 27,926
Phu Soi Dao Uttaradit 340 2008 [30] 19,706
Ton Sak Yai Uttaradit 520 2003 [31] 4,089
Ta Phraya Buriram, Sakaeo 594 1996 [32] 3,398
Pa Hin Ngam Chaiyaphum 112 1994 [33] 106,428
Phu Laenkha Chaiyaphum 201 2007 [34] 93,869
Sai Thong Chaiyaphum 319 1992 [35] 51,233
Tat Ton Chaiyaphum 217 1980 [36] 388,665
Nam Phong Khon Kaen, Chaiyaphum 197 2000 [37] 68,273
Phu Kao–Phu Phan Kham Khon Kaen 322 1985 [38] 4,337
Phu Pha Man Khon Kaen, Loei 340 1991 [39] 9,682
Phu Wiang Khon Kaen 325 1991 [40] 6,150
Phu Kradueng Loei 348 1962 [41] 86,259
Phu Ruea Loei 121 1979 [42] 169,643
Phu Suan Sai Loei 117 1991 [43] 9,907
Phu Pha Thoep Mukdahan 49 2003 [44] 47,609
Phu Sa Dok Bua Mukdahan, Ubon Ratchathani, Yasothon 231 1992 [45] 1,812
Phu Langka Nakhon Phanom, Nong Khai 50 2010 [46] 24,151
Khao Yai Nakhon Ratchasima, Nakhon Nayok, Prachinburi, Saraburi 2,169 1962 [47] 1,551,449
Phu Pha Lek Sakon Nakhon, Udon Thani 404 2010 [48] 1,036
Phu Pha Yon Sakon Nakhon, Nakhon Phanom, Mukdahan 829 1987 [49] 5,025
Phu Phan Sakon Nakhon, Kalasin 665 1972 [50] 4,895
Khao Phra Wihan Sisaket, Ubon Ratchathani 130 1998 [51] 202,616
Kaeng Tana Ubon Ratchathani 80 1981 [52] 31,170
Pha Taem Ubon Ratchathani 350 1991 [53] 180,155
Phu Chong–Na Yoi Ubon Ratchathani 686 1987 [54] 86,252
Khlong Lan Kamphaeng Phet 300 1985 [55] 206,407
Khlong Wang Chao Kamphaeng Phet, Tak 747 1990 [56] 33,370
Mae Wong Kamphaeng Phet, Nakhon Sawan 894 1987 [57] 51,826
Khao Kho Phetchabun 483 1995 [58] 33,609
Nam Nao Phetchabun 966 1972 [59] 31,840
Tat Mok Phetchabun 290 1998 [60] 17,872
Namtok Chat Trakan Phitsanulok 543 1987 [61] 13,033
Phu Hin Rong Kla Phitsanulok, Loei 307 1984 [62] 289,210
Thung Salaeng Luang Phitsanulok, Phetchabun 1,262 1972 [63] 52,126
Namtok Sam Lan Saraburi 4 1981 [64] 45,828
Ramkhamhaeng Sukhothai 341 1980 [65] 23,356
Si Satchanalai Sukhothai 213 1981 [66] 10,569
Phu Toei Suphanburi 317 1987 [67] 8,830
Khao Khitchakut Chanthaburi 58 1977 [68] 1,179,671
Khao Sip Ha Chan Chanthaburi 118 2010 [69] 9,557
Namtok Phlio Chanthaburi 135 1975 [70] 671,396
Thap Lan Prachinburi, Nakhon Ratchasima 2,236 1981 [71] 57,075
Khao Chamao–Khao Wong Rayong, Chanthaburi 84 1975 [72] 218,430
Khao Laem Ya–Mu Ko Sameta Rayong 131 1981 [73] 1,619,908
Pang Sida Sa Kaeo, Prachinburi 844 1982 [74] 58,382
Mu Ko Changa Trat 650 1982 [75] 249,895
Namtok Khlong Kaeo Trat 198 2010 [76] 25,814
Chaloem Rattanakosin Kanchanaburi 59 1980 [77] 31,536
Erawan Kanchanaburi 550 1975 [78] 650,852
Khao Laem Kanchanaburi 1,497 1987 [79] 66,192
Khuean Srinagarindra Kanchanaburi 1,532 1981 [80] 145,254
Lam Khlong Ngu Kanchanaburi 673 2009 [81] 4,032
Sai Yok Kanchanaburi 500 1980 [82] 117,401
Thong Pha Phum Kanchanaburi 1,120 2009 [83] 112,332
Kaeng Krachan Phetchaburi, Prachuap Khiri Khan 2,915 1981 [84] 103,510
Hat Wanakona Prachuap Khiri Khan 38 1992 [85] 43,268
Khao Sam Roi Yota Prachuap Khiri Khan 98 1966 [86] 164,735
Kui Buri Prachuap Khiri Khan 969 1999 [87] 20,746
Namtok Huai Yang Prachuap Khiri Khan 161 1991 [88] 26,906
Chaloem Phrakiat Thai Prachan Ratchaburi 329 2012 [89] 75,278
Khun Phawo Tak 220 2010 [90] 10,307
Lan Sang Tak 104 1978 [91] 38,882
Mae Moei Tak 185 1990 [92] 8,836
Taksin Maharat Tak 149 1981 [93] 30,194
Namtok Pha Charoen Tak 855 152,539
Mu Ko Chumphona Chumphon 317 1999 [94] 52,919
Hat Noppharat Thara–Mu Ko Phi Phia Krabi 388 1983 [95] 1,142,113
Khao Phanom Bencha Krabi 50 1981 [96] 17,307
Mu Ko Lantaa Krabi 134 1990 [97] 217,431
Than Bok Khorania Krabi 104 1998 [98] 183,083
Khao Luang Nakhon Si Thammarat 570 1974 [99] 84,649
Khao Nan Nakhon Si Thammarat 410 2010 [100] 6,772
Namtok Yong Nakhon Si Thammarat 205 1991 [101] 97,604
Namtok Si Khit Nakhon Si Thammarat, Surat Thani 145 1999 [102] 17,003
Budo–Su-ngai Padi Narathiwat, Pattani, Yala 341 1974 [103] 35,913
Namtok Sai Khao Pattani, Yala, Songkhla 70 2008 [104] 105,163
Ao Phang-ngaa Phang Nga 400 1981 [105] 999,035
Khao Lak–Lam Rua Phang Nga 125 1991 [106] 72,162
Khao Lampi–Hat Thai Mueanga Phang Nga 72 1986 [107] 50,496
Mu Ko Similana Phang Nga 140 1982 [108] 676,793
Mu Ko Surina Phang Nga 135 1981 [109] 54,171
Si Phang-nga Phang Nga 246 1988 [110] 21,251
Khao Pu–Khao Ya Phattalung 694 1982 [111] 167,309
Sirinata Phuket 90 1981 [112] 51,200
Laem Sona Ranong 315 1983 [113] 28,258
Lam Nam Kra Buria Ranong 160 1999 [114] 17,718
Mu Ko Ranonga Ranong 357 2010 [115] 482
Namtok Ngao Ranong, Chumphon 668 2000 [116] 125,815
Mu Ko Phetraa Satun, Trang 494 1984 [5] 129,851
Tarutaoa Satun 1490 1976 [6] 238,409
Thale Bana Satun 196 1980 [7] 11,996
Khao Nam Khang Songkhla 212 1991 [8] 1,789
Kaeng Krung Surat Thani 541 1990 [9] 909
Khao Sok Surat Thani 739 1980 [10] 419,470
Khlong Phanom Surat Thani 410 2000 [11] 1,711
Mu Ko Ang Thonga Surat Thani 102 1980 [12] 134,315
Tai Rom Yen Surat Thani 425 1991 [13] 14,436
Than Sadet–Ko Pha-ngan Surat Thani 66 1983 158,090
Hat Chao Maia Trang 231 1981 [14] 83,023
Na Yung-Nam Som Udon Thani 344 1975 8,357
Bang Lang Yala 261 1999 [15] 10,985

a Marine parks

Not yet gazetted[edit]

The beach at the under-development Hat Khanom - Mu Ko Thale Tai National Park.
Tham Sakoen National Park in Nan Province
Name Province Area (km2) Visitors
in 2019
Doi Wiang Pha Chiang Mai, Chiang Rai 583 1,704
Mae Takhrai Chiang Mai 1,114 26,562
Mae Tho Chiang Mai 491 1,327
Namtok Bua Thong-
Nam Phu Chet Si
Chiang Mai 167,969
Op Khan Chiang Mai 484 61,832
Lam Nam Kok Chiang Rai 733 104,844
Tham Luang-
Khun Nam Nang Non
Chiang Rai 8 1,573,476
Phu Chi Fa Chiang Rai 289,755
Doi Chong Lampang, Lamphun 332 8,827
Khelang Banphot Lampang 32 1,575
Mea Wa Lampang, Tak 589 5,878
Tham Pha Thai Lampang 1,284 33,873
Mae Ngao Mae Hong Son, Tak,
Chiang Mai
412 6,304
Mae Sariang Mae Hong Son 0
Khun Sathan Nan 419 31,945
Nanthaburi Nan 877 5,248
Tham Sakoen Nan 248 11,987
Khwae Noi Phitsanulok 261 5,692
Doi Soi Malai Tak 28,155
Namtok Chet Sao Noi Saraburi,
Nakhon Ratchasima
28 389,101
Ao Siam Prachuap Khiri Khan 19,357
Hat Khanom–
Mu Ko Thale Tai
a
Nakhon Si Thammarat,
Surat Thani
739 24,455
Ao Manao–
Khao Tanyong
Narathiwat 37 95,961
Namtok Si Po Narathiwat, Pattani 289 25,831
Mu Ko Ra–
Ko Phra Thong
Phang Nga 642 0
San Kala Khiri Songkhla, Yala 215 7,527
Phu Hin Chom That-
Phu Phra Bat
Udon Thani 12,162

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Suksawang, Songtam; McNeely, Jeffrey A (2015). Parks for Life: Why We Love Thailand's National Parks (PDF). Bangkok: Department of National Parks, Wildlife, and Plant Conservation (DNP); United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). ISBN 978-616-316-256-4. Retrieved 29 January 2017.
  2. ^ "ประวัติความเป็นมา". Department of National Parks, Wildlife and Plant Conservation (in Thai). Retrieved 2017-01-29.[permanent dead link]
  3. ^ Meprasert, Somrudee; Oregon State University (2006). The 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami: Tourism impacts and recovery progress in Thailand's marine national parks. pp. 11–. ISBN 978-0-542-96361-2. Retrieved October 2, 2011.
  4. ^ "สถิดินักท่องเที่องที่เข้าไปในอุทยานแห่งชาติ ปีงบประมาณ พ.ศ.2562" [Statistics of tourists entering national parks in fiscal year B.E.2562 (2019)] (in Thai). Department of National Parks, Wildlife and Plant Conservation. 18 October 2019. Archived from the original on 29 October 2020. Retrieved 10 February 2021.
  5. ^ "Info" (PDF). www.ratchakitcha.soc.go.th. Retrieved 2019-05-17.
  6. ^ "Info" (PDF). www.ratchakitcha.soc.go.th. Retrieved 2019-05-17.
  7. ^ "Info" (PDF). www.ratchakitcha.soc.go.th. Retrieved 2019-05-17.
  8. ^ "Info" (PDF). www.ratchakitcha.soc.go.th. Retrieved 2019-05-17.
  9. ^ "Info" (PDF). www.ratchakitcha.soc.go.th. Retrieved 2019-05-17.
  10. ^ "Info" (PDF). www.ratchakitcha.soc.go.th. Retrieved 2019-05-17.
  11. ^ "Info" (PDF). www.ratchakitcha.soc.go.th. Retrieved 2019-05-17.
  12. ^ "Info" (PDF). www.ratchakitcha.soc.go.th. Retrieved 2019-05-17.
  13. ^ "Info" (PDF). www.ratchakitcha.soc.go.th. Retrieved 2019-05-17.
  14. ^ "Info" (PDF). www.ratchakitcha.soc.go.th. Retrieved 2019-05-17.
  15. ^ "Info" (PDF). www.ratchakitcha.soc.go.th. Retrieved 2019-05-17.

External links[edit]