List of nationality transfers in association football
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This is a list of association footballer who have moved to compete for another country. Not included in this list are:
- Players who could choose to play for a new country after the dissolution of their former country. This mainly affected players from the former Soviet Union, such as Viktor Onopko, and the former Yugoslavia, such as Davor Šuker.
- Players who represented the country they moved to in childhood. Frequently, the home countries of such players are former colonies of their future countries (such as Patrick Vieira, born in Senegal but moved to France in childhood). Another example of such a player was Marcel Desailly, a Ghana-born player who was adopted in childhood by a French diplomat and raised in France.
- Players who could have chosen to represent more than one country due to their birthplace, parentage, ancestry (i.e., at least one grandparent), and/or residence. Some notable examples:
- Former England international Owen Hargreaves's birth in Canada made him eligible for that country, he was eligible to play for England through his father and Wales through his mother, and his residence in Germany would have made him eligible for that country also.
- Current German international Kevin Kurányi, who chose Germany (parentage) over Brazil (birthplace), Panama (parentage) and Hungary (ancestry).
- Former USA international Earnie Stewart, who chose the USA (parentage) over the Netherlands (birthplace and parentage).
- However, players who actually represented one country, either at junior or senior level, before representing a second country are included, even if they qualify by ancestry. For example:
- After debut match, FIFA disqualified Tiago Silva to play for Bulgaria
- Represented the United States at U-17 level before choosing to Panama at U-21 level. Later represented the Philippines at senior level.
- Represented Denmark at U-21 level before choosing the Philippines at senior level.
- Represented England at U-16 level before choosing to the Philippines at senior level.
- Represented the United States at U-17 level and Panama at U-21 level before choosing to the Philippines at senior level.
- Represented Germany at U-18, U-19 & U-20 levels before choosing the Philippines at senior level.
- Represented Iceland at U-21 level before choosing the Philippines at senior level.
- Kuzmanović represented Switzerland at under-21 levels before choosing to represent Serbia at senior level.
- Subotić represented the USA at both under-17 and under-20 levels before choosing to represent Serbia at senior level.
- Represented the Philippines in 1917 at senior level before choosing Spain at senior level, whom he represented from 1921-1923. Also represented Catalonia from 1915-1924.
- Margiotta represented Italy at under-21 levels before choosing to represent Venezuela at senior level.