List of natural disasters in the United States
This article needs to be updated.(July 2018)
This list of United States natural disasters is a list of notable natural disasters that occurred in the United States after 1816. Due to inflation, the monetary damage estimates are not comparable. Unless otherwise noted, the year given is the year in which the currency's valuation was calculated. References can be found in the associated articles noted.
|Year||Disaster||Death toll||Damage cost
|2021||Winter storm||176||≥$195 billion||February 13–17, 2021 North American winter storm||United States (especially in Texas), Northern Mexico||While the storm was widespread across the U.S., Mexico, and parts of Canada, the worst was in Texas, causing the 2021 Texas power crisis, as the energy infrastructure was unprepared for the freezing temperatures. 137 deaths (as of March 25, 2021[update]), including 124 in the United States and 12 in Mexico.|
|2020||Wildfire||46||≥$19.884 billion||2020 Western United States wildfire season||Western United States||One of the most destructive wildfire seasons recorded in the Western United States.|
|2020||Wildfire||31||≥$12.079 billion||2020 California wildfires||California||The largest and the third-most destructive wildfire season on record in California.|
|2020||Derecho||4||$11 billion||August 2020 Midwest derecho||Midwestern United States||The severe derecho affected the states of Iowa, Illinois, Nebraska, Indiana, and Wisconsin. The derecho caused high winds and spawned an outbreak of a couple tornadoes. The derecho also caused the state of Iowa to lose approximately 550,000 acres of corn harvest. The highest winds recorded from the derecho was about 140mph in Cedar Rapids, Iowa.|
|2020||Hurricane||≥211 killed, 120 missing||$7.9 billion||Hurricane Eta||Colombia, Jamaica, Central America, Cayman Islands, Cuba, The Bahamas, Southeastern United States||Long-lived tropical cyclone that made four landfalls. Caused significant amounts of destruction, especially in Central America.|
|2020||Hurricane||8||$3.6 billion||Hurricane Zeta||Cayman Islands, Jamaica, Central America, Yucatán Peninsula, Gulf Coast of the United States, Southeastern United States, Mid-Atlantic, New England, Ireland, United Kingdom|||
|2020||Hurricane||6||$3.086 billion||Hurricane Delta||Jamaica, Nicaragua, Cayman Islands, Yucatán Peninsula, Gulf Coast of the United States, Southeastern United States, Northeastern United States|||
|2020||Hurricane||8||$7.3 billion||Hurricane Sally||The Bahamas, Cuba, U.S. Gulf Coast, Southeastern United States, Norway||Sally did not have its name retired, making it the costliest tropical cyclone on record in the North Atlantic that did not have its name retired.|
|2020||Hurricane||77||$19.1 billion||Hurricane Laura||Lesser Antilles, Greater Antilles, The Bahamas, Gulf Coast of the United States, Midwestern United States, Eastern United States||Tied with the 1856 Last Island hurricane as the strongest hurricane to make landfall in the state of Louisiana, in terms of maximum sustained winds.|
|2020||Hurricane||18||$4.725 billion||Hurricane Isaias||West Africa, Lesser Antilles, Greater Antilles, The Bahamas, East Coast of the United States, Eastern Canada||Caused the worst tropical cyclone-spawned tornado outbreak since Hurricane Rita in 2005. Isaias did not have its name retired following the season, making Isaias the third-costliest Atlantic hurricane that didn't have its name retired.|
|2020||Hurricane||9||$1.2 billion||Hurricane Hanna||Cuba, Hispaniola, Gulf Coast (mainly Texas), Mexico|||
|2019||Tropical storm||7||$5 billion||Tropical Storm Imelda||Texas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, Arkansas||The fifth-wettest tropical cyclone recorded in the Contiguous United States. Imelda's name was not retired, making it the second-costliest Atlantic tropical cyclone name on record to not be retired.|
|2019||Hurricane||84 killed, 245 missing||$5.1 billion||Hurricane Dorian||Lesser Antilles, Puerto Rico, The Bahamas (especially the Abaco Islands and Grand Bahama), Eastern United States (especially Florida, Georgia, South Carolina, and North Carolina), Eastern Canada||The costliest tropical cyclone recorded in the Bahamas. The storm stalled over Grand Bahama for a day.|
|2018||Wildfire||97||≥$26.347 billion||2018 California wildfires||California||The deadliest and most destructive wildfire season on record in California.|
|2018||Wildfire||85||$16.5 billion||Camp Fire||California||The worst fire in California history destroyed more than 18,000 structures in Northern California. It was fueled by large dry national forests and was started by electrical transmission lines.|
|2018||Hurricane||74||$25.5 billion||Hurricane Michael||Central America, Yucatán Peninsula, Cayman Islands, Cuba, Southeastern United States (especially the Florida Panhandle and Georgia), Eastern United States, Eastern Canada, Iberian Peninsula||The third-most intense landfalling tropical cyclone recorded in the United States.|
|2018||Hurricane||54||$24.23 billion||Hurricane Florence||West Africa, Cape Verde, Bermuda, East Coast of the United States (especially the Carolinas), Atlantic Canada||Wettest tropical cyclone recorded in the Carolinas.|
|2018||Hurricane||1||>$250 million||Hurricane Lane||Hawaii||Wettest tropical cyclone recorded in Hawaii.|
|2017||Wildfire||47||≥$18 billion||2017 California wildfires||California||The second-most destructive wildfire season on record in California (behind only 2018).|
|2017||Wildfire||0||$15 million||Goodwin Fire||Arizona||Started in the Bradshaw Mountains near Mayer, Arizona. The fire caused the Yavapai County Sheriff's Office and the Mayer Fire Department to close parts of Highway 69 between Mayer and Dewey-Humboldt. 100+ people had to be evacuated from Mayer and other close communities outside of Mayer also had to be evacuated such as Spring Valley and Cordes Lakes. The fire started on June 24, 2017 and it reached 100% containment on July 10. 5 homes were destroyed and 2 others were damaged.|
|2017||Hurricane||3,059||$91.619 billion||Hurricane Maria||Florida and Puerto Rico||Maria struck Puerto Rico as a high-end Category 4 hurricane, causing catastrophic damage to the US island due to extremely powerful winds and devastating floods. The hurricane also knocked out the entire power grid, triggering a near total island blackout. The lack of aid after the disaster caused a humanitarian crisis, the worst in the US since Hurricane Katrina, which lasted several months and had a dramatic effect on Puerto Rico's population.|
|2017||Hurricane||134||$77.16 billion||Hurricane Irma||Florida, South Carolina, Georgia, Puerto Rico||Irma ravaged the northern Leeward Islands as an extremely powerful Category 5 hurricane before making landfall in the Florida Keys as a Category 4 hurricane, and in the mainland as a Category 3 hurricane. Irma caused widespread damage in Florida due to high winds and destructive floods. The Florida Keys were hit the hardest, with the vast majority of infrastructure there receiving some degree of damage, and at least 25% receiving major damage. Hurricane Irma also knocked out power to 73% of the state, or 7.7 million homes and businesses.|
|2017||Hurricane and Flood||107||$125 billion||Hurricane Harvey||Texas, Louisiana, Alabama||Harvey made landfall in Southwestern Texas as a Category 4 hurricane. Most of the damage from Harvey occurred after it had weakened, due to extreme prolonged rains dropping several feet of water that triggered unprecedented floods in a large swath of Southeastern Texas, with the worst of the flooding occurring in Houston.|
|2017||Winter storm and flood||5||$1.55 billion||2017 California floods||California||Caused by a series of storms that led to California's wettest rainy season on record, in modern history.|
|2016||Wildfire||14||$990 million||2016 Great Smoky Mountains wildfires||Tennessee||Destroyed nearly 2,000 structures; burned nearly 18,000 acres.|
|2016||Hurricane||49||$15.090 billion||Hurricane Matthew||Florida, Georgia, The Carolinas|
|2016||Flood||13||2016 Louisiana floods||Louisiana|
|2016||Flood||23||2016 West Virginia flood||West Virginia|
|2016||Blizzard||55||≥$500 million – $3 billion||January 2016 United States blizzard||Southeast through the Mid-Atlantic to the Northeast||Snowfall totals in excess of two feet (61 cm)|
|2015||Flood||25||$2 billion||October 2015 North American storm complex||Carolinas||Channeled moisture from Hurricane Joaquin into the Mid-Atlantic states. Caused the worst flooding recorded in the Carolinas prior to Hurricane Florence in 2018.|
|2015||Flood||20||2015 Utah floods||Utah|
|2015||Wildfire||3||$8 billion||Okanogan Complex fire||Okanogan County, Washington||Damage figure includes costs involved in the fighting of the fire.|
|2015||Flood||46||2015 Texas–Oklahoma floods||Texas, Kansas, Oklahoma|
|2014||Snow storm||24||November 2014 North American winter storm||Buffalo, New York, Great Lakes region|
|2014||Tornado||35||$1 billion||April 2014 tornado outbreak||Nebraska, Louisiana, Oklahoma, Illinois, Florida, North Carolina|
|2014||Mudflow||43||2014 Oso mudslide||Oso, Washington|
|2013 / 2014||Cold wave||21||Early 2014 North American cold wave||Eastern US|
|2013||Wildfire||19||Yarnell Hill Fire||Yarnell, Arizona|
|2013||Flood||8||$1.9 billion||2013 Colorado floods||Colorado|
|2013||Tornado||24||$2 billion||2013 Moore tornado||Moore, Oklahoma|
|2013||Blizzard||18||February 2013 nor'easter||Eastern US|
|2012||Wildfire||6||2012 Colorado wildfires||Colorado|
|2012||Hurricane||147||$75 billion||Hurricane Sandy||Eastern US|
|2011||Tornado||158||$2.8 billion (2011 USD)||2011 Joplin tornado||Joplin, Missouri||part of the tornado outbreak sequence of May 21–26, 2011|
|2011||Tornado||346||$11 billion (2011 USD)||2011 Super Outbreak||Alabama, Tennessee, Mississippi, Georgia, Arkansas and Virginia||336 tornadoes|
|2011||Flood||20||$2–4 billion||2011 Mississippi River floods||Mississippi River Valley|
|2010||Blizzard||13||$150 million||February 5–6, 2010 North American blizzard||16 states in Eastern US|
|2010||Flood||20||June 2010 Arkansas floods||near Langley, Arkansas||Albert Pike Recreational Area|
|2009||Tsunami||31||2009 Samoa earthquake and tsunami||American Samoa and nearby islands||189 total deaths, with 31 in American Samoa.|
|2008||Tornado||59||$1.2 billion||2008 Super Tuesday tornado outbreak||Tennessee, Arkansas, Kentucky, Alabama, and Illinois|
|2007||Wildfire||14||≥$2.393 billion||October 2007 California wildfires||California||Large fires burned out of control across southern California, fueled by unusually strong Santa Ana winds; worst around San Diego; caused evacuation of over one million people. Most fires accidental; some suspected arson.|
|2006||Snow storm||19||$530 million (2006 USD)||Lake Storm "Aphid"||Buffalo, New York|
|2005||Hurricane||1,836||$125 billion (2005 USD)||Hurricane Katrina||Florida, Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama|
|2005||Hurricane||120||$10 billion (2005 USD)||Hurricane Rita||Louisiana, Texas|
|2005||Tornado||25||$92 million||Evansville Tornado of November 2005||Missouri, Indiana, Kentucky, Ohio||7 tornadoes|
|2004||Hurricane||124||$19 billion (2005 USD)||Hurricane Ivan||Texas, Florida, East Coast|
|2004||Hurricane||49||$9 billion||Hurricane Frances||Florida|
|2004||Hurricane||10||$15 billion||Hurricane Charley||Florida|
|2003||Wildfire||15||$1.331 billion||Cedar Fire||California||The largest and most destructive wildfire recorded in the modern history of San Diego County.|
|2002||Hurricane||41||$5.5 billion||Tropical Storm Allison||Texas, Louisiana, Pennsylvania|
|1999||Heat wave||271||Midwest and Northeast|
|1999||Tornado||48||$1.5 billion (2005 USD)||1999 Oklahoma tornado outbreak||Oklahoma, Kansas, Texas, Tennessee||74 tornadoes|
|1998 / 1999||Landslide||0||$70 million||Aldercrest-Banyon landslide||Kelso, Washington|
|1998||Blizzard||30||$5 million||North American ice storm of 1998||Canada and Northeast|
|1997||Flood||0||$2 billion||1997 Red River flood||North Dakota, Minnesota, Southern Manitoba|
|1996||Flood||8||$500 million||Willamette Valley flood of 1996||Washington, Oregon, Idaho, California|
|1995||Heat wave||739||Chicago heat wave of 1995||Chicago, Illinois|
|1995||Flood||6||$1.36 billion||May 8, 1995 Louisiana flood||New Orleans, Louisiana, area|
|1994||Earthquake||57||$23 billion||Northridge earthquake||Greater Los Angeles area|
|1993||Blizzard||79–300||$6.6 billion||Storm of the Century||East Coast of North and Central America|
|1993||Flood||50||$15 billion||Great Flood of 1993||Midwest|
|1992||Hurricane Iniki||6||$3.1 billion||Hurricane Andrew||Hawaii|
|1992||Hurricane||26||$25 billion||Hurricane Andrew||Florida and Louisiana|
|1991||Wildfire||25||$1.5 billion||Oakland Hills fire||San Francisco Bay Area, California|
|1990||Tornado||29||$160 million||1990 Plainfield tornado||Plainfield, Illinois Crest Hill, Illinois|
|1989||Earthquake||69||$6 billion||Loma Prieta earthquake||San Francisco Bay Area, California|
|1989||Hurricane||49||$7 billion (1989 USD)||Hurricane Hugo||Caribbean and Eastern North America.||Damage figure for U.S. only. At least 111 total deaths, with 37 in the continental U.S. and 12 in the U.S. possession of Puerto Rico.|
|1988||Heat wave and Drought||5,000 – 10,000||$120 billion (2014 USD)||1988-89 North American drought||Widespread; 45% of the nation affected||Costliest natural disaster in the United States prior to Hurricane Katrina.|
|1988||Wildfire||2||$240 million||Yellowstone fires of 1988||Yellowstone National Park, Wyoming||793,880 acres (36% of the park) was burned in the fires started by lightning.|
|1980||Heat wave||1,700||$20 billion||1980 United States heat wave||Central and southern states||Official death toll, may have been higher; damage figure not adjusted for inflation.|
|1980||Volcano||57||$1.1 billion||1980 eruption of Mount St. Helens||Washington state||Damage figure not adjusted for inflation; figure in 2015 dollars is 2,890.|
|1977||Blizzard||23||$56.25 billion (1977 USD)||Great Lakes Blizzard of 1977||New York and Ontario (esp. Buffalo, New York)|
|1976||Flood||145||Big Thompson Canyon Flood of 1976||Colorado|
|1974||Tornado||315||1974 Super Outbreak||Ontario, Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, Kentucky, Tennessee, Alabama, Mississippi, Georgia, North Carolina, Virginia, West Virginia and New York||148 tornadoes|
|1972||Flood||238||$160 million (1972 USD); $664 million (2002 USD)||1972 Rapid City Flood||Rapid City, South Dakota||Average rainfall over area of 60 mi² measured at 10-15 inches (380 mm), over 6 hours in middle of night June 9–10, 1972.|
|1971||Earthquake||65||$500 million||Sylmar earthquake||Greater Los Angeles area|
|1970||Tornado||26||$1.412 billion (2008 USD)||Lubbock Tornado||Lubbock, Texas||F5 tornado killed 26 and wounded approximately 500|
|1969||Hurricane||256||$1.42 billion||Hurricane Camille||Mississippi, Alabama and Virginia|
|1965||Tornado||271||Palm Sunday Tornado Outbreak||Iowa, Ohio, Michigan, Indiana||78 tornadoes|
|1964||Tsunami and Earthquake||115||$1.8 billion (2006 USD)||Good Friday earthquake||Alaska, Hawaii, Oregon, California, British Columbia|
|1960||Tsunami||61||$500 million (2005 USD)||Great Chilean earthquake||Hawaii, Alaska||2,290 to 6,600 killed and $3,500 M (2005) in damage worldwide. 61 killed in Hilo, Hawaii. $500 M in U.S. property damage|
|1957||Tornado||10||$26 million||1957 Fargo tornado||Fargo, ND|
|1951||Flood||28||$935 million ($9.21 billion in 2019)||Great Flood of 1951||Kansas and Missouri|
|1950||Blizzard||353||$67 million (1950 USD)||Great Appalachian Storm of November 1950||Eastern US States|
|1946||Tsunami and Earthquake||165||Aleutian Island earthquake||Alaska and Hawaii|
|1940||Blizzard||154||$2 million||Armistice Day Blizzard||North and Central Midwest||Damage total not adjusted for inflation.|
|1938||Hurricane||600||Great New England Hurricane|
|1938||Flood||115||Los Angeles Flood of 1938||Los Angeles|
|1937||Flood||385||$500 thousand||Ohio River flood of 1937||Ohio, Kentucky, Indiana, Illinois|
|1936||Flood||69||$250 million ($4.66 billion in 2020)||Pittsburgh Flood 1936||Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, area|
|1935||Hurricane||423||Labor Day Hurricane of 1935||Florida|
|1931 to 1939||Drought||Unknown||$1 million (2017 USD)||Dust Bowl||Great Plains||Compounded by unsustainable agricultural techniques|
|1928||Hurricane||3,000||$800 million (2005 USD)||1928 Okeechobee Hurricane||Leeward Islands, Puerto Rico, the Bahamas, and Florida||4,078+ believed dead total. About 2,500 died in Florida and 500 in the U.S. possession of Puerto Rico.|
|1927||Flood||246||$400 million||Great Mississippi Flood of 1927||Arkansas, Illinois, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, and Tennessee|
|1926||Tornado||16||La Plata Tornado of 1926||La Plata, Maryland||13 killed in La Plata Elementary School|
|1925||Tornado||695–727||$16.5 million; $1.4 billion (1997 USD)||Tri-State Tornado||Missouri, Illinois and Indiana (Kentucky, Tennessee)||Lower number for single 3-state tornado; higher for 5-state outbreak|
|1919||Hurricane||600||1919 Florida Keys Hurricane||Florida, Texas|
|1918||Wildfire||453||$73 million ($1.145 billion in 2015)||1918 Cloquet fire||Minnesota||Largest disaster in Minnesota history|
|1913||Flood||428||1913 (Ohio) Statewide Flood||Southwest, Central, and Eastern Ohio|
|1913||Flood||361||Great Dayton Flood||Dayton, Ohio||Flood was created by a series of three winter storms that hit the region in March, 1913|
|1913||Blizzard||250||Great Lakes Storm of 1913||Fatalities estimated|
|1913||Storm||250||$5 million (1913 USD)||Great Lakes Storm of 1913||Great Lakes area||Financial impact for lost vessels and cargo only|
|1910||Avalanche||96||Wellington avalanche||Wellington, Washington|
|1906||Earthquake and fire (urban conflagration)||3,000 – 6,000||1906 San Francisco earthquake||California||Conflagration followed quake; fatalities estimated|
|1900||Hurricane||6,000 – 12,000||$35.4 million; 1.097 billion (2020 USD)||Galveston Hurricane of 1900||Texas||Fatalities estimated – remains deadliest natural disaster in North American history.|
|1896||Tornado||255–400||$10 million ($307 million in 2019)||St. Louis-East St. Louis tornado||Missouri|
|1894||Wildfire||418||$73 million||Great Hinckley Fire||Minnesota||Actual death toll likely higher than official death toll of 418.|
|1893||Hurricane||2,000||1893 Cheniere Caminada Hurricane||Louisiana||Fatalities estimated|
|1893||Hurricane||1,000 – 2,000||1893 Sea Islands Hurricane||Georgia, South Carolina||Fatalities estimated|
|1889||Flood||2,209||$17 million ($425 million in 2012)||Johnstown Flood||Johnstown, Pennsylvania||A dam failure caused 20 million tons of water to be unleashed, devastating Johnstown, PA and the surrounding area.|
|1888||Blizzard||400||Great Blizzard of 1888||Northeast||Fatalities estimated|
|1888||Cold wave||Unknown||1888 Northwest Cold Wave||Northwest|
|1871||Wildfire||1,500 – 2,500||Peshtigo fire||Wisconsin||Deadliest firestorm in United States history|
|1862||Flood||>5,000||$100 million (1862 USD); $262.2 billion (2020 USD)||Great Flood of 1862||California, Oregon, Utah, and the territories that now make up Arizona and Nevada||An atmospheric river led to 43 continuous days of rain, lasting from December 1861 until January 1862. When it was over, much of California's Central Valley was covered with inland seas that remained for months; the state's government had to move to San Francisco as Sacramento was under 10 feet of water. California nearly went bankrupt due to the costs of the damages and the loss of tax revenues from so many farms and mines; it is considered to be the worst disaster in the state's history.|
|1816||Famine (caused by volcano)||Unknown||Year Without a Summer||Volcanic dust from a massive eruption by Mount Tambora in the Dutch East Indies (present Indonesia) in 1815 led to an abnormally cold summer in 1816 in the northeastern United States and eastern Canada. Cold weather inhibited crops, and frosts and snowstorms killed what did grow, leading to a localized famine.|
- List of disasters in the United States by death toll
- List of wildfires in the United States
- Category:Lists of tropical cyclones in the United States
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