List of naval battles

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Lord Howe's action, or the Glorious First of June, a painting by Philip James de Loutherbourg depicting the Glorious First of June, a naval battle between the British and the French. This battle occurred in 1794, during the height of the Age of Sail.

This list of naval battles is a chronological list delineating important naval battles that have occurred throughout history, from the beginning of naval warfare with the Hittites in the 12th century BC to Piracy off the coast of Somalia in the 21st century. If a battle has no commonly used name isn't known it's referred to as "Action of (date)" within the list below.

Ancient[edit]

Year Battle Winners Losers Notes
1275–1205 BC Battles of Alashiya Hittite navy Alashiya Off the coast of Cyprus over 3 engagements.[1]
c. 1190 BC Battle of the Delta Ramesses III The "Sea Peoples" In the Nile delta
664 BC Corinth battles Corfu
540–535 BC Alalia Carthaginians and Etruscans Greeks Near Alalia (now Aléria), Corsica
497 BC Ionians Phoenicians Near Cyprus
494 BC Lade Persians Ionians
480 BC Artemisium Stalemate between Persians and Greeks
Salamis The allied Greek navy Persians
474 BC Cumae Syracuse and Cumae Etruscans
460s BC Eurymedon Delian League Persians
458 BC Aegina Athenians Aegina and the Peloponnesians
450s BC Salamis (in Cyprus) Delian League Phoenicians and Cilicians
433 BC Sybota Corcyra and Athens Corinthians
429 BC Battles of Naupactus Athenians Spartans and Corinthians
425 BC Pylos Athenians Spartans
413 BC Syracuse Syracusans Athenians
411 BC Cynossema Athenians Spartans
Eretria Spartans Athenians In September
410 BC Cyzicus Athenians Spartans and Peloponnesians
406 BC Arginusae Athenians Peloponnesians
405 BC Notium (Ephesus) Spartans under Lysander Athenians under Antiochus
405 BC Aegospotami Spartans Athens Athenian navy destroyed
394 BC Cnidus Persians Spartans
384–3 BC Pharos Syracusans Liburnians
376 BC Naxos Athenians Spartans
357 BC Chios Athenians During the Social War
306 BC Salamis (in Cyprus) Demetrius I Poliorcetes Menelaeus, brother of Ptolemy I of Egypt
276 BC Strait of Messina Carthaginians Pyrrhus of Epirus
261 BC Cos Antigonus II Gonatas Ptolemy II
260 BC Lipara Islands Carthaginians Romans
Battle of Mylae Romans under Duilius Carthaginians Near Sicily
258 BC Ephesus Rhodians under Agathostratus Ptolemaic fleet under Chremonides
Sulci Romans under Gaius Sulpicius Paterculus Carthaginians under Hannibal Gisco
257 BC Tyndaris Romans under Gaius Atilius Regulus Carthaginians under Hamilcar
256 BC Cape Ecnomus Romans Carthaginians
249 BC Drepana Carthaginians Romans
246–245 BC Andros Macedonians Egyptians At Andros
10 Mar 241 BC Aegates Islands Romans Carthaginians Ending the First Punic War
229 BC Paxos Illyrians Conquer island of Corcyra
218 BC Lilybaeum Romans under Amellius Carthaginians Near Lilybaeum, Sicily
217 BC Ebro River Romans under Cornelius Scipio Carthaginians Near the mouth of the Ebro River, Spain
206 BC Carteia Romans under Gaius Laelius Carthaginians under Adherbal
201 BC Chios Egyptians, Rhodians, and Pergamese Philip V of Macedon
2nd Battle of Lade Philip V of Macedon Rhodians under Cleonaeus
190 BC Eurymedon Roman forces under Lucius Aemilius Regillus Seleucid fleet commanded by Hannibal
Myonessus Romans under Regillus and Rhodians under Eudoras Seleucids under Polyxenidas
147 BC Port of Carthage Carthaginians under Hasdrubal Roman fleet of Lucius Hostilius Mancinus
74 BC Chalcedon Pontians under Mithridates VI Roman fleet of Marcus Aurelius Cotta
73 BC Tenedos Romans under Lucius Licinius Lucullus Pontian fleet
67 BC Korakesion Romans under Pompey Cilician pirates
56 BC Morbihan Romans under Decius Brutus Veneti Near Armorica
49 BC Île du Levant Romans under Decius Brutus ? At Île du Levant
Romans under Decius Brutus ? At Tauroentum
42 BC Republican fleet Reinforcements of the triumvirs
led by Gnaeus Domitius Calvinus
Intercepted and destroyed
3 Sep 36 BC Naulochus Agrippa Sextus Pompeius
2 Sep 31 BC Actium Octavian Antony and Cleopatra Decisive victory
AD 70 Rome vs Batavi in the Maas
AD 199 Shaxian Wu forces under Sun Ce Liu Biao and Huang Zu
AD 208 Red Cliffs Combined forces of Liu Bei and Sun Quan Fleet under Cao Cao
AD 221 Yiling Sun Quan Fleet under Liu Bei And successfully defends Jingzhou
AD 222 Dongkou Eastern Wu general Lü Fan Cao Xiu
AD 272 Xiling Lu Kang Jin general Bu Chan And retakes Xiling

Middle Ages[edit]

5th century[edit]

6th century[edit]

7th century[edit]

8th century[edit]

9th century[edit]

10th century[edit]

11th century[edit]

  • 1000 September 9 Swold – Swedes and Danes defeat Norwegians
  • 1004 – Venetians under Pietro Orseolo II defeat Arabs at Messina
  • 1005 – Pisans defeat Arabs at Messina
  • 1024 – Lemnos – Byzantines defeat Rus' fleet in the Lemnos Island
  • 1026 The Helgeå – Danes under Ulf Jarl defeat Swedes and Norwegians under Anund Jacob and Olaf II Haraldsson (Olaf the Stout) in southern Sweden
  • 1032 – A joint Byzantine-Ragusan squadron defeats a Muslim corsair fleet in the Adriatic
  • 1032 – According to one hypothesis, battle at Iron Gate mentioned in Russian chronicles was a naval battle, where Novgorod fleet tries to reach Tallinn Bay, but is defeated by Estonians.[2]
  • 1035–1036 – Last Arab corsair raids against the Aegean islands are repulsed by the Byzantines
  • 1043 Rus'-Byzantine War – Byzantines defeat Rus' squadron in the Bosporus
  • 1062 Niså – Norwegians under Harald Hardrada defeat Danes in Kattegat
  • 1081 Dyrrhachium – Venetian-Byzantine fleet defeats Normans near Durazzo, Albania
  • 1084 – Normans under Robert Guiscard (20 vessels?) defeat Venetians or Byzantines in a series of battles off Albania/Corfu

12th century[edit]

13th century[edit]

  • 1213 May 30 and 31 Damme – English under William Longsword sink most of fleet of France's King Philip II in the harbor of Damme
  • 1217 August 24 Dover (South Foreland) – The "Fight off Sandwich". Fleet of English Hubert and Burgh defeat French fleet of Eustace the Monk off Dover. There were actually 2 battles – this describes the 2nd
  • 1241 May 3 (First) Meloria – Pisans under Ansaldo de Mari defeat Genoese
  • 1258 June 25 – Battle of Acre – Venetian fleet defeats Genoese fleet off Acre
  • 1263 – Settepozzi – A Venetian fleet of 38 ships under Gilberto Dandolo defeats a joint Byzantine-Genoese fleet of 48 ships off the Peloponnese
  • 1264 – Saseno – Genoese defeat Venetians
  • 1266 Trapani – Venetians defeat Genoese
  • c. 1273/1275 – Demetrias – Byzantine fleet defeats coalition of Lombard and Venetian lords of Euboea and Crete
  • 1278 July 25 – Algeciras – Castilians vs Morocco and Granada
  • Before 1279 – Conrad Lancia defeats Muslim fleet near Tunisia
  • 1279 March 19 Yamen – Yuan Dynasty defeats Song Dynasty
  • 1282 October 11 – Peter de Queralt defeats Angevin fleet near Reggio di Calabria (details)
    • 14 October – Peter de Queralt defeats Angevin fleet near Nicotera (details)
  • 1283 July 8 Malta – Aragonese-Sicilians under Roger of Lauria defeat Angevins in Grand Harbour, Malta
  • 1284 June 5 Gulf of Naples – Aragonese-Sicilians under Roger of Lauria defeat Neapolitans and capture Charles of Salerno (later Charles II of Naples)
  • 1285 August? (possibly mid-September) – 11 Catalan galleys defeat 25 French galleys under Guillaume de Lodève at Rosas
    • 4 September (probably) Les Formigues (Las Hormigas) – Aragonese-Sicilians under Roger of Lauria defeat French under di Mari and de Orreo near Barcelona
  • 1287 June 23 The Counts – Aragonese-Sicilians under Roger of Lauria defeat Angevins near Naples
  • 1288 Third Battle of Bach Dang – Vietnamese defeat Mongols
  • 1294 Laiazzo – Genoese defeat Venetians near Laiazzo
  • 1298 September 9 CurzolaGenoese fleet under Lamba Doria defeats Venetians under Andrea Dandolo
  • 1299 July 4 Cape Orlando – Angevins under Roger of Lauria defeat Sicilians under d'Oria off northern Sicily
  • 1300 June 14 Ponza – Angevins under Roger of Lauria defeat Sicilians under d'Oria near Naples

14th century[edit]

15th century[edit]

16th century[edit]

  • 1508 Battle of Chaul – Alliance of Mamluk, Gujrat and Calicut defeat Portuguese
  • 1509 February 3 Diu – Portugal's Indian viceroy defeats a combined Egyptian-Gujarat Sultanate fleet off Gujarat, India, and controls spice trade
  • 1510 – Maltese under Prégent de Bidoux defeat Venetians
  • 1512? – Genoese under Andrea Doria defeat Moors at Algiers
  • 1512 August 10 St Mathieu – English defeat French off Brest; Regent and Marie la Cordelière sunk
  • 1521 Battle of TunmenMing Chinese defeat Portuguese
  • 1522 Battle of XicaowanMing Chinese defeat Portuguese
  • 1526 – Swedes and Lübeckers defeat pirate fleet
  • 1529 – Ottoman Turks under Khair-ad-Din (Barbarossa) defeat Spanish
  • 1535 early – 20 June Swedes/Danes/Prussians defeat 9 Lübeck ships
  • 1535 June? – Swedes/Danes/Prussians defeat 10 Lübeck ships at Fyen
  • 1538 September 28 Preveza – Ottoman Turk fleet under Khair-ad-Din defeats Spanish-Venetian-Papal fleet
  • 1541 – Tsuruhime led an army into naval battle and drove the Ōuchi Yoshitaka into the open sea.
  • 1545 July 18 and 19 The Solent – French attack English off Portsmouth; Mary Rose sinks
    • 15 August – English fight French off Portsmouth
  • 1549 early August (?) – English defeat French near Channel Islands
  • 1552 Ponza – Ottoman Turks under Sinan Pasha defeat Genoese under Andrea Doria off western Italy
  • 1555 August 11 – Bloody and inconclusive melée between French privateers and a Dutch merchant fleet off Calais
  • 1558 – Portuguese fight English and French off Guinea
    • 13 July – English under Count Egmont defeat French under Marshal de Thermes off Gravelines
  • 1560 May 11 Djerba – Turkish galleys defeat Christian force near Djerba, Tunisia

Northern Seven Years War (1563–70)[edit]

Year Battle Description
1563 Action of 30 May Swedes capture three Danes before war is declared.
Action of 11 September Inconclusive [skirmish?] between Danes/Lübeckers and Swedes.
1564 Action of 30 May Swedes under Bagge [clash with?] Danes/Lübeckers under Trolle.
Action of 12 July A Swedish captain blows up his ship after a Danish attack.
Action of 12 August Swedes under Klas Horn defeat Danes under Herluf Trolle, southeast of Öland.
1565 Action of 4 June An indecisive battle between Danes/Lübeckers and Swedes near Buchow.
Action of 7 July Swedes defeat Danes/Lübeckers between Bornholm and Rügen.
1566 Action of 26 July Swedes defeat Danes/Lübeckers between Öland and Gotland.
1568 Swedish fleet captures several Polish corsairs and drives off remainder.[4]

Later 16th century[edit]

  • 1568 September 23 – Spanish under Martin Enriquez defeat English under Hawkins at San Juan de Ulúa, Mexico Offsite link
  • 1570 – English under Burrough and Hodsdon defeat Danes in the Baltic Sea
    • 15 July – Turkish galliots under Uluch Ali defeat Maltese galleys under Saint-Clement near Gozo
  • 1571 January – Venetians under Marco Querini defeat Turks near Famagusta, Cyprus
    • 7 October Lepanto – Christian coalition decisively defeats Ottoman Turks in a large galley fight off western Greece
  • 1572 August 7 and 10 – Venetians under Colonna vs Turks under Kilitch Ali between Cervi and Cerigo and near Cape Matapan
    • September/October – Several skirmishes between Spanish/Venetians and Turks
  • 1573 April 17 FlushingSea Beggars defeat Spanish under Sancho d'Avila
  • 1574 January 29 Oosterschelde – Sea Beggars under Willem Boisot defeat Spanish under Luis de Resquesens
    • 30 May Battle of lillo – Sea Beggars under Boisot defeat a Spanish fleet
    • June – Swedes capture 3 Lubeckers plus 15 merchantmen
  • 1576 August and 1578 Kizugawaguchi – Blockade efforts in Siege of Ishiyama Honganji, just off Osaka, Japan
  • 1582 July 26 Battle of Terceira (Battle of Ponta Delgada) – Spanish under Alvaro de Bazán defeat French, Portuguese, Dutch and English under Filippo Strozzi in the Azores
  • 1583? Maltese under Avogadro vs Turks
  • 1583 August 3 – Venetians defeat Maltese under Avogadro between Cerigotto and Cape Spada
  • 1585 April – Maltese galleys defeat and capture Turkish sailing ship
  • 1586 – English under Edward Wilkinson vs Spanish and Maltese under Pedro de Gamboa y Leyva at Pantellaria
  • 1588 July and August – Defeat of the Spanish Armada off southern England
  • 1589 – English Armada
  • 1591 about 13 June – English vs Spanish under Diego de la Ribera
  • 1592 May 7 Okpo – Korean navy under Yi Sun-sin defeats Japanese navy under Todo Takatora.
    • 29 May Sacheon – Korean Navy defeats Japanese with the Turtle Ship.
    • 14 August Hansan Island – Korean navy defeats Japanese fleet in the bay of Hansan island.
    • 1 November Busan – Korean Naval demonstration to Japanese navy at the Busan bay. However, they could not occupy Busan.
  • 1595 about late June – Maltese vs Bizertans (details)
  • 1595–96 – Spanish defeat English raiding/invasion expeditions of the Spanish Main led by Drake and Hawkins
  • 1597 July 15 or 28 August Chilchonryang – Japanese Navy in conjunction with the Japanese army, defeats the Korean Navy, led by Won Gyun.
    • 26 October Myeongnyang – 13 Korean ships under Yi Sun-sin defeats 330 Japanese ships.
    • – Bizertans vs Genoese and Romans
    • – Spanish defeat the English Islands Voyage near the Azores.
  • 1598 December 16 Battle of Noryang – Chinese Admiral Chen Lin and Korean Admiral Yi Sun-sin heavily damage more than 100 Japanese ship, however, 150 Japanese ship succeeds in retreating.
  • 1600 December 14 – Action of 14 December Dutch vs Spanish at Manila

17th century[edit]

Early 17th century[edit]

  • 1601 December 27 Bantam – Dutch defeat Portuguese in Bantam Bay
  • 1602 October 3 Sluis – Dutch under Jacob van Duivenvoorde defeat Spanish under Frederik Spinola
  • 1603 May 26 Sluis – Dutch under Joos de Moor beat back Spanish under Frederik Spinola
  • ?? 1603 October – Tuscan galleys defeat Tunisians
  • 1604 October – Tuscans defeat Tunisians (details)
  • 1605 – Dutch fleet under Willem Haultain attacks and partly destroys a Spanish fleet of transport ships near Dover
  • 1605 November Attack on Salinas de Araya – Spanish under Luis Fajardo defeat a fleet of Dutch smugglers and privateers
  • 1606 June or October Battle of Cape St. Vincent – Spanish under Luis Fajardo defeat Dutch under Willem Haultain
  • 1606 August 17 Cape Rachado – Indecisive action between a Dutch fleet under Cornelis Matelief de Jonge and a Portuguese fleet near Malacca
  • 1607 April 25 Gibraltar – Dutch under Jacob van Heemskerk destroy a Spanish fleet
    • 20 October – Tuscans under Beauregard defeat Turkish trade fleet (details)
  • 1609 about May – French under Beaulieu vs Tunisians (details)
    • 29 June – Spanish-French raid on La Goulette, Tunisia (details)
    • – Venetians defeat Turks near Paxos (details)
    • (late)? – Turks under Khalil defeat French under Fressinet near Cyprus (details)
    • (late)? – Turks vs French under Beaulieu
  • 1610 August 21 – Tuscans vs Turks (details)
    • 10 October – Tuscans vs Turks (details)
  • 1611 August (end)? – Minor action between Danes and Swedes in Kalmar Sound
  • 1612 May 23 or 25 – Sicilian-Neapolitan galley fleet defeats Tunisians at La Goulette (details)
  • 1613 August 29 – Sicilians under de Aragon defeat Turkish trade fleet (details)
  • 1615 January 20–? (Old Style) – English defeat Portuguese in mainly minor skirmishes
    • 17 and 18 July – Spanish vs Dutch (same as next?)
    • – Dutch under Spilbergen defeat Spanish under de Pulgar near Valdivia, Peru (details)
  • 1616 January – Spanish vs ? (details)
    • about March? – Spanish under Ribera defeat Tunisians at La Goulette (details)
    • 29 April – Tuscans under Inghirami defeat Turks near Euboea (details)
    • 14–16 July – Spanish under Ribera defeat Turks in the first regular action between galleys and sailing ships in the Mediterranean (details)
    • July – Spanish versus Dutch (details)
    • about October (possible engagement) – Neapolitans/Sicilian galleys defeat larger Turkish galley fleet
  • 1617 April 13 – Spanish under Ribera vs Venetians
    • 12 June – Minor skirmish between Neapolitans/Sicilians and Venetians
    • Playa Honda – Dutch defeat Spanish
    • 19 and 20 November – Inconclusive battle between Sicilians and Venetians (details)
  • 1618 June 24 – Venice hires Dutch ships and fights Spanish (details)
    • 2 and 3 July – Dutch under Moy Lambert and Spanish under Vidazabal defeat Algerines
    • 23–28 December – English vs Dutch near Jakarta (details)
  • 1619 January 18 and 19 – Maltese vs Algerians near Malta (details)
    • 1 March – English vs Dutch near Jakarta (details)
    • 31 May – Dutch defeat French at the mouth of the Vilaine River
    • – English defeat Portuguese
  • 1620 May 11 – Venetians under Nani defeat Spanish under Ribera (details)
    • 26 June – Tuscans defeat Bizertans (details)
    • 28 December – English (East India Company) defeat Portuguese at Cape Jask
  • 1622 July 13–14 – English and Dutch defeat Portuguese near Mozambique
  • 1622 – English naval bombardment of Algiers
  • 1624 October 3 – A combined squadron of fifteen Neapolitan (Spain), Tuscan, and Papal galleys defeat a squadron of six Algerian ships on the island of San Pietro, near Sardinia (details)
  • 1625 January – French Rochellais rebels capture French fleet at Blavet
    • 1 and 3 February – Portuguese defeat English and Dutch (details)
    • 26 June – Bizertans defeat Maltese near Syracuse, Sicily (details)
    • 15 September – French under Soubise defeat hired Dutch ships near Rochelle
  • 1626? – French with hired English and Dutch ships defeat Huguenot fleet near Rochelle
  • 1626 late – Danes defeat Dunkirkers (details)
  • 1627 November 28 Oliwa – Poles defeat Swedes
  • 1628 July 31 – Dutch ships under Pieter Ita attack and capture 2 Spanish treasure ships
    • 21 June – English defeat Venetians/French at Scanderoon (details)
    • 9 September Dutch squadron under Piet Hein attacks and captures Spanish treasure fleet
    • 29 September – French defeat English near La Rochelle
  • 1629 August 20 – Dutch under Piet Heyn defeat Dunkirkers off Scotland; Heyn is killed
    • 16 September – Swedes defeat Holy Roman Empire near Wismar (details)
  • 1630 September 4–8 – Danes force a retreat of Hanseatic ships in Elbe River (details)
  • 1631 September 12 – Undecided encounter between a Dutch and a Spanish/Portuguese fleet off Pernambuco (details)
  • 1633 July 7 to 22 October Battle of Liaoluo BayMing China defeats an allied fleet of Dutch East India Company and Chinese pirates, one company's vessel burnt and one captured by the Chinese, most of pirates' vessels sunk or captured
  • 1634 about early May – Maltese galleys defeat Turkish vessels at Zante
    • 19 July – Maltese galleys under Valdina defeat Tripolitans
    • – Maltese under Villages defeat Turks
    • – Maltese privateers defeat Turkish galleys
  • 1635 August 21 – Dunkirk squadron under Jacob Collaart (see Dunkirkers) defeat Dutch guardships and captures 60 fishing trawlers
    • 25 August – Dunkirk frigates under Jacob Collaart defeats Dutch escort capturing 24 fishing trawlers
    • about 25 September – Spanish defeat Dutch West India Company convoy
  • 1636 early – Dutch Zeeland squadron under Johan Evertsen defeats Dunkirk fleet under Jacob Collaart
  • 1637 February – 8 Spanish under Miguel de Horna defeat Dutch convoy and escort near Cape Lizard and capture 17 merchant ships
    • Spanish convoy commanded by Lope de Hoces captures 32 enemy ships in the English Channel on its return voyage to Spain.
  • 1638 about 26 March – Spanish under Lope de Hoces defeat and captures Dutch convoy
    • June – Maltese galleys defeat Tripolitan sailing ships near Calabria
    • 1 September- French defeat Spanish in galley fight at the battle of Vado near Genoa
    • 7 August – Venetians under Capello defeat Algerians at Corfu
    • 22 August – French under de Sourdis destroy Spanish galleons under Lope de Hoces at Guetaría (details)
  • 1639 February 19 – Dutch under Maarten Tromp defeat a Dunkirk fleet under Miguel de Horna (details)
  • 1640 January 12–17 Pernambuco – Dutch fleet under Willem Loos defeats Spanish\Portuguese fleet under Dom Fernando de Mascarenhas (details)
    • 15 June – Dunkerquers defeat Dutch in the Shetland Isles (details)
    • July? – French under Maillé Brézé defeat Spanish under Don Gomez de Sandoval
  • 1641 – French under de Sourdis defeat Spanish
    • – Several French vs Spanish
    • 17 and 18 May – Spanish defeat French near Pensacola
    • 1 and 2 September ? – Spanish under Pietersen defeat French and Portuguese
    • 4 November – Dutch under Gijssels defeated by Spanish at Cape St. Vincent (details)
  • 1642 end of June, 2-day battle – French under Maillé Brézé defeat Spanish under Ciudad Real near Barcelona
    • October – Portuguese defeat Spanish?
  • 1643 August – French defeat Spanish?

Danish-Swedish War (1643–45)[edit]

  • 1644 May 16 – Danes defeat Dutch ships which have been hired to support Sweden (details)
    • 25 May – Danes get slightly the better of 33 hired Dutch ships
    • 1 July Colberger Heide (Colberg Heath) – Danish and Swedish fleets fight an inconclusive battle off NE Germany
    • 7 July – Danes defeat Swedes in small battle (details)
    • 10 August – Dutch fleet under Thijsen brushes past Danish fleet under King Christian IV in Kjoge Bay, Denmark (details)
    • 13 October – Femern, Germany – Combined Swedish/Dutch fleet badly defeats Danish fleet

Cretan War (1645–69)[edit]

  • 1644 September 28 – Maltese galleys defeat Turkish sailing ships near Rhodes; their subsequent stay in Venetian-held Crete provoked the outbreak of war (details)
  • 1645 September 28 or 29 – Combined Christian fleet tries and fails to retake Canea (Chania) in Crete, from the Ottomans
    • 1 October – Christians vs Turks near Canea, Crete
  • 1646 May 26 – Venetians defeat Turkish attempt to break their blockade of the Dardanelles. (details)
    • 14 August – Inconclusive fight between Christians and the Ottoman fleet anchored at Chania Bay, Crete
  • 1647 January 27 – The Ottoman fleet of 45 galleys attacks the ship of the Venetian admiral Tommaso Morosini. Both Morosini and the Ottoman admiral, Kara Musa Pasha, are killed. After suffering significant casualties, the Turks are driven off by the arrival of the remaining Venetian fleet.
    • 25 August – Inconclusive skirmish between Christians and Turks
    • 9 September – Inconclusive skirmish between Christians and Turks
  • 1649 May 6 – Minor battle between Venetians and Turks
    • 12 May Focchies – Venetians defeat large Turkish fleet near western Turkey
    • 15 July – Venetians vs Turks near Candia, Crete (details)
    • 18 July – Venetians defeat Turks near Candia (details)
  • 1651 July 8 and 10 – Venetians under Mocenigo defeat Turks (details)
  • 1654 April – Maltese privateers defeat Turks near Rhodes
    • 16 May – Turks under Murad defeat Venetians under Giuseppe Delfino in Dardanelles (details)
    • 21 June – Turks retreat after skirmish with Venetians west of Milos
  • 1655 June 21 – Venetians under Lazaro Mocenigo defeat Turks under Mustapha in Dardanelles (details)
  • 1656 June 26 and 27 – Venetians and Maltese under Lorenzo Marcello defeat Turks under Chinam Pasha in Dardanelles (details)
  • 1657 May 3 – Venetians defeat Algerines (details)
    • 18 May – Venetians under Lazaro Mocenigo defeat Turks and Algerines at Suazich (details)
    • 17–19 July – Venetians, Maltese and Papal forces under Lazaro Mocenigo defeat Turks in Dardanelles (details)
  • 1658 May 19 – Venetians under Contarini defeat Turks between Imbros and the Dardanelles
  • 1659 August 26 (or 27?) – Venetians under Contarini vs Turks (details)
  • 1660 between 26 May and 12 June – Slight skirmish between Venetians and Turks
  • 1661 March (end) – Venetians defeat Turks in minor skirmish
    • 18 May – Venetians defeat Turks in minor skirmish
    • 27 August – Venetians and Maltese defeat Turks near Milos, Greece (details)
  • 1662 September 29 – Venetians defeat Turkish "Alexandria Caravan" between Kos and Kalymnos, Greece (details)
  • 1665 March – French under the Duc de Beaufort defeat Algerines near La Goulette, Tunisia (details)
    • August – French under the Duc de Beaufort defeat Algerines at Cherchell, Algeria
    • 27 November – French under d'Escrainville defeat Turks
  • 1667 February 25 and 26 – Venetians under Molin defeat Turks and Tunisians north of Crete (details)
  • 1668 March 8 and 9 – Venetians defeat Turks near Pelagia, Greece (details)
    • 2 May – French defeat Turks (details)
    • about September – Barbary "Turks" defeat Venetians south of Crete (details)
  • 1669 June – Privateers defeat "Alexandria Caravan" escort near Rhodes (details)

Anglo-Dutch Wars (1652–74)[edit]

Later 17th century[edit]

  • 1645 September 9 Tamandare – Dutch squadron under Jan Lichthart destroys a Portuguese squadron under Jerônimo Serrão de Paiva at Tamandaré Brazil
  • 1645 – Algerian Barbary pirates attempted an attack on Edinburgh, Scotland
  • 1646 La Naval de Manila – Two Spanish galleons with Spanish & Filipino crew repel a Dutch invasion fleet in 5 separate actions over several months around the Philippines
  • 1646? – French under du Mé defeat Spanish
  • 1646 14–16 June, Battle of Orbetello, Spanish defeat French invasion fleet commanded by Jean Armand de Maillé-Brézé
  • 1647 June 10 Puerto de Cavite – Spanish defeat Dutch attack near Manila
  • 1650 July 26 – Minor battle between Parliamentarians and Royalists/Portuguese near Lisbon
    • 20 October – Parliamentarians capture French frigate
  • 1654 March 23 Colombo – Skirmish between Dutch and Portuguese
    • 2 May – Dutch defeat Portuguese near Colombo (details)
  • 1655 – English naval bombardment of Algiers
  • 1655 April 14 – English under Robert Blake destroy Barbary ships at Porto Farina, northern Tunisia (details)
    • – French under Vendôme defeat Spanish near Barcelona
  • 1657 April 20 – Santa Cruz de Teneriffe – English under Blake defeat Spanish
    • 12 and 13 September – Danes and Swedes fight inconclusively near Moen, Denmark (details)
  • 1658 November 8 The Sound – Dutch get the better of a Swedish fleet in a large battle near Copenhagen, in support of Denmark. Danish ships watch but are unable to participate
  • 1659 March 30 – Minor battle between Dutch and Danes against Swedes
    • 30 April – Small running battle between Dutch and Danes against Swedes (details)
    • – Dutch/Danes under de Ruyter defeat Swedes and liberate Nyborg
  • 1661 – French naval bombardment of Algiers
  • 1669 December – Battle of Cádiz, English Mary Rose vs 7 Algerines
  • 1670 August – English/Dutch ships defeat Algerine force near Gibraltar
  • 1671 May – Privateers beat off a force of Turkish galleys near Egina, Greece
  • 1675 February 11 – French under Comte de Vivonne defeat Spanish under de la Cueva near Lipari Islands, Italy
    • July (possible engagement) – English defeat Tripolitans
  • 1676 January 8 Stromboli (Alicuri) – Inconclusive fight between French under Abraham Duquesne vs Dutch and Spanish under Michiel de Ruyter
    • January – English defeat Tripolitans
    • 22 April Agosta (Etna) – French fleet under Duquesne and Dutch/Spanish fleet under de Ruyter fight to a draw. De Ruyter is mortally wounded
    • 2 June Palermo – French under Comte de Vivonne defeat Dutch/Spanish under De la Cerda and Den Haen
    • 25 and 26 May/3 June and 4 – Dutch/Danish fleet under Niels Iuel defeat Swedes under Baron Creutz between Bornholm and Rugen in the Baltic Sea
    • 1/11 June Öland – Dutch/Danish fleet defeats Swedish fleet south of Öland in the Baltic Sea
  • 1677 March 3 Tobago – French under Jean II d'Estrées are repelled by Dutch under Jacob Binckes (details)
    • 31 May and 1/11 June – Danes defeat Swedes between Femern and Warnemunde, Baltic Sea (details)
    • 1/11 July and 2 Køge Bay – Danes and Dutch defeat Swedish fleet
    • December Tobago – French under Jean II d'Estrées defeat Dutch under Jacob Binckes
  • 1678 – Undecided action of the isle of Ouessant between a Dutch squadron under Evertsen and a French squadron under Château-Renault
  • 1679 May 3 – Danes vs Swedes
    • 26 June 28 June, 2 and 20 July – Series of skirmishes culminating in a Danish victory over Sweden
  • 1681 July 23 – French defeats Tripolitans
    • 30 September – Spanish defeat Brandenburgers near Cape St. Vincent (details)
  • 1683 – French naval bombardment of Algiers
  • 1686 July 12 – Venetians attacks "Alexandria Caravan" with its Turkish and Tripolitan escort between Naxos and Nicaria
    • 4 October – Venetians vs Turks near Mitylene, Greece
  • c. 1687/88? – Turks and Algerines, under Mezzo Morto, defeat Venetians
  • 1687–1688 – French naval bombardment of Algiers
  • 1688 June 15 – Venetians attacks "Alexandria Caravan" with its Turkish and Algerian escort east of Naxos, Greece
  • 1689 May 1/11 Battle of Bantry Bay – French defeat English off SW Ireland
    • French vs English near Casquets
  • 1690 March 26 – Turks and Algerines under Mezzo Morto defeat Venetians under Valier (details)
    • 10 July Beachy Head (Beveziers) – French defeat Anglo-Dutch fleet
    • – French vs English and Dutch near Madras
    • 8 September – Venetians fight the combined fleet of Turkey, Algiers, Tripoli and Tunis near Mitylene, Greece (details)
  • 1692 May 27 – 3 June Barfleur and La Hougue – Decisive defeat of French by English and Dutch in the War of the Grand Alliance
    • – French defeat Spanish near Cape Finisterre
    • – French defeat Tripolitans near Malta
  • 1693 June Lagos Bay – French under Tourville capture 50 out of 140 merchantmen
  • 1694 June 29 – French under Jean Bart defeat Dutch under Hidde de Vries and others (details)
  • 1695 February 9 and 19 – Turkish fleet defeats and then fights Venetians under Zeno (details)
    • 16 April – French defeat English (details)
    • 15 and 18 September – Venetians under Contarini vs Turks under Mezzo Morto
  • 1696 (mid) – Russians vs Turks near Ochakov, Black Sea
    • 17 June Dogger Bank – French defeat Dutch
    • – French and English fight in Newfoundland
    • – Fight near San Domingo
    • 14 July Bay of Fundy – French under Pierre Le Moyne d'Iberville defeat English
    • 22 August – Venetians under Contarini vs Turks and their allies under Mezzo Morto near Andros (details)
  • 1697 July 6, 1 and 20 September – Venetians under Contarini vs Turks in a series of battles in the Aegean Sea (details)
  • 1698 September 20 – Venetians vs Turks, Tripolitans and Tunisians near Samothrace, Greece (details)

18th century[edit]

Early 18th century[edit]

  • 1701 August 17 – Maltese raid on La Goulette
  • 1702 August 19–24 (OS) – English under Benbow – French under Ducasse draw (details)
    • 23 October Vigo Bay – Anglo-Dutch fleet defeat French and Spanish and destroy Spanish treasure fleet
  • 1703 May 22 Cap de la Roque/Bay of Biscay – French squadron attacks large Anglo-Dutch merchant fleet
  • 1704 August 24 Malaga – English and Dutch under Rooke narrowly defeat French near Malaga
  • 1707 October 21 The Lizard – 2 French squadrons under Forbin and Duguay-Trouin defeat British convoy and escort under Richard Edwards
  • 1708 June 8 – Wager's Action (Battle of Barú)
  • 1709 March 2 – British vs French (details)
    • 25 June – Maltese defeat Tripolitans near Cape Santa di Leuca
  • 1710 April 18 – Maltese defeat Algerines
  • 1713 April 12 – Maltese defeat Algerines
    • – Portuguese defeat Indians near Cheul (details)
  • 1716 July 8 – Venetians under Corner fight an inconclusive battle against Turks under Jannum Koggia east of Corfu (details)
  • 1717 June 12, 13, 16 and 22 – Venetians under Flangini vs Turks in northern Aegean (details)
    • 19 July Matapan – Venetians and their allies vs Turks in Gulf of Laconia, Greece
  • 1718 – Portuguese defeat Indians near Karwar (details)
    • 20–22 July – Venetians vs Turks (details)
    • 11 August Cape Passaro – British under George Byng defeat Spanish near Sicily
  • 1738 June 20, 28 and 29 – Russians vs Turks
    • 9 and 10 August – Turks defeat Russians

Great Northern War (1700–21)[edit]

  • 1702 June 26 – Small-ship action between Sweden and Russia on Lake Ladoga
    • 7 September – Small-ship action between Sweden and Russia on Lake Ladoga
  • 1703 August 7 – Small-ship action between Sweden and Russia on Lake Peipus
  • 1704 May 17 – Small-ship action between Sweden and Russia on Lake Peipus
  • 1705 June 26 – Swedish ships attack Russian base of Kotlin
  • 1710 October 4 – Battle between Denmark under Gyldenløve and Sweden under Wachtmeister in Kjöge Bay (details)
  • 1712 April 11 – Danes under Knoff vs Swedes under Sjöblad (details)
    • 31 July and 17 August – Danes under Sehested fight and then defeat Swedes under Henck near Rugen (details)
    • 4 August – Very minor engagement between Russia and Sweden
    • 28 September – Very minor engagement between Denmark and Sweden
  • 1713 July 22 – Minor engagement between Sweden and Russia (details)
  • 1714 August 6 Gangut – Russian galleys under Apraksin defeat Swedish force
  • 1715 April 24 – Danes under Gabel defeat Swedes under Wachtmeister (details)
  • 1716 July 8 Dynekilen – Danes under Tordenskjold defeat Swedes
  • 1717 May 14 or 15 – Danish attack on Göteborg is defeated
    • 19 July – Danish attack on Strömstad is defeated
  • 1718 September 17 or 21 – Swedes under King Carl XII defeat Danes under Paulssen
  • 1719 June 4 Osel Island – Russians defeat Swedes under Wrangel
    • 13 July – Danes under Rosenpalm defeat Swedes at Strömstad
  • 1720 August 7 Grengam – Battle between Russian galley fleet under Galitzine and Swedish sailing ships under Sjöblad. Both sides claims victory

War of the Austrian Succession (1740–48)[edit]

  • 1741 January 7 and 8 – British vs French in West Indies
    • 12 February – Minor British vs French in Gibraltar Strait
    • March–May Cartagena de Indias – Decisive Spanish victory against a large British fleet during the War of Jenkins' Ear
    • 10 August Colachel – Raja of Travancore in India defeats Dutch naval force at Colachel
  • 1742 May 31 – Swedes retreat after battle with Russians in Gulf of Finland (details)
  • 1744 February 22 Toulon (Cape Sicié) – Draw between Franco-Spanish and British fleets south of Toulon
  • 1746 June 25 (OS) – British under Edward Peyton vs French under la Bourdonnais
  • 1747 May 14 1st Cape Finisterre – British under Anson defeat French under de Jonquières
  • 1747/48 – French under Labourdonnais vs British under Peyton near Negapatam
  • 1748 March 7 – British under Cotes defeat Spanish
    • 12 October – British vs Spanish near Havana (details)

Seven Years War (1756–63)[edit]

  • 1755 June 8 Gulf of St. Lawrence – British under Boscawen defeat French under Hocquart
  • 1756 May 20 Minorca – French under la Galissonnière defeat British under John Byng
  • 1757 early – French under Kersaint de Coëtnempren vs British at San Domingo
  • 1758 – Minor French under Duchaffault vs British under Boscawen near Ushant
    • – Minor French under Durevest vs British under Saunders near Gibraltar Strait
    • 29 April Cuddalore – British under Pocock defeat French under d'Ache
    • 3 August Negapatam – British under Pocock defeat French under d'Ache
  • 1759 August 19 Lagos – British under Boscawen defeat French under de la Clue
    • 10 September – Light Swedish force defeats similar Prussian force near Szczecin
    • 10 September Pondicherry – British fight French but are too damaged to pursue
    • 20 November Quiberon Bay/Cardinaux – British defeat French near St Nazaire
  • 1760 July 3–8 Restigouche River – British defeat French relief force
  • 1762 – British attack on Spanish-held Havana

Russo-Turkish War (1768–74)[edit]

  • 1770 May 27 and 28 – Russians vs Turks near southern Greece (details)
    • 4 June – Minor Russians vs Turks south of Athens (details)
    • 5–7 July Chesma – Russian fleet defeats and burns Turkish fleet off western Turkey
  • 1772 November 6–8 – Russians defeat Turks west of Patrai, Greece (details)
  • 1773 July 4 – Russians under Kinsbergen vs Turks (details)
    • 3 September – Russians under Kinsbergen vs Turks (details)
    • September? – Russians vs Turks (details)
  • 1774 June 20 and 9/19 July – Russians under Tchitchagov and Seniavin vs Turks (details)

American War of Independence (1776–83)[edit]

  • 1776 October 11 Valcour IslandBenedict Arnold escapes the British fleet under Guy Carleton
  • 1777 September 26 to 16 November 1777 Siege of Fort Mifflin on the Delaware River American fleets under John Hazelwood, defending Philadelphia from British navy.
  • 1778 April 19 Frederica Naval Action
  • 1779 July 6 Grenada
    • end – French vs British under Hyde Parker near Fort Royal, Martinique
  • 1780 January 16 Cape St. Vincent – British under Rodney defeat Spanish under de Langara
  • 1781 April 16 Porto Praya – French under Suffren vs British, in the Cape Verde Islands
    • 19 April Fort Royal
    • – Minor French under de Grasse vs British under Hood
    • – Minor French under Destouches vs British under Arbuthnot
    • 21 July Cape Breton Island – French attack British convoy
    • 5 August (15 NS?) Dogger Bank – Draw between Dutch and British squadrons
    • 5 September Chesapeake Bay – French under de Grasse drive off British under Graves
    • 12 December Second Ushant – British under Kempenfelt capture part of a French convoy from de Guichen
  • 1782 January 25 St Kitts – British under Hood defeat French under de Grasse
    • 17 February Sadras – First fierce but indecisive fight between French under Suffren and British under Hughes near south-east India
    • 9 and 12 April The Saintes – British under Rodney decisively defeat French under de Grasse in the West Indies
    • 12 April Providien – 2nd fight between Suffren and Hughes off India
    • 21 April – British defeat French
    • 6 July Negapatam – 3rd fight between Suffren and Hughes off India
    • 3 September Trincomalee – Hughes fleet damages Suffren's but withdraws
    • 20 October Cape Spartel – Franco-Spanish fleet under Luis de Córdova y Córdova fights British fleet under Richard Howe in indecisive battle. Howe resupplies Gibraltar
  • 1783 June 20 Cuddalore – Suffren prevents Hughes seizing Cuddalore. Last of the five battles between Suffren and Hughes

Russo-Turkish War (1787–92)[edit]

  • 1787 August 30 – Russians vs Turks
    • 27, 28 and 30 September – Russians vs Turks
    • 15 October – Russians defeat Turks
  • 1788 June 17, 18, 28 and 29 and 9 July – Russian and Turkish land and sea forces clash near Ochakov (details)
    • 14/25 July Ochakov – Russia defeats Turkey near Fidonisi
  • 1789 June 2–4 – Russians defeat Turks at Sinope (details)
  • 1790 July 19 Kerch Strait – Slight Russian victory over Turks
    • 8 and 9 September Tendra – Russians defeat Turks
    • 31 October – Russians defeat Turks at the Sulina mouth
    • 17 November 18 – Russians defeat Turks at Tultcha
    • 29 November – Russians defeat Turks at Ismail (details)
    • 30 November, 1, 2, 4–7 December – Russians defeat Turks
  • 1791 July 9 Matchin – Russians defeat Turkish rowing vessels
    • 11 August Cape Kaliakra – Slight Russian victory over Turks in a largely inconclusive battle near Bulgaria

Russo-Swedish War (1788–90)[edit]

The Russian calendar was eleven days behind the Swedish during the 18th century, so Russian dates are eleven days earlier.

  • 1788 July 17 (6 July OS) Hogland – Bloody engagement between Swedish and Russian battlefleets. Both sides lose a ship, but Swedes withdraw
  • 1789 July 26 (15 July OS) Öland – Indecisive action between the Swedish and Russian battlefleets.
    • 24 and 25 August ( 13 and 14 August OS) First Svensksund/Ruotsinsalmi in Finland – Russian galley flotilla decisively defeats Swedes.
    • 18 September (7 September OS) – Russians defeat Swedes in a small battle in Barösund near Inkoo in Finland.
  • 1790 May 13 (2 May OS) Reval – Disastrous Swedish attack on Russian battlefleet at Reval (now Tallinn).
    • 15 May (4 May OS) Fredrikshamn/Hamina in Finland – Swedish galley flotilla defeats Russian galley flotilla.
    • 3 and 4 June ( 23 and 24 May OS) – Action off Kronstadt – Indecisive action between the battlefleets.
    • 3 July (22 June OS) Vyborg Bay – The Swedish battlefleet and galley flotilla break through the Russian blockade, suffering heavy losses.
    • 9 and 10 July ( 28–29 June OS) Second Svensksund/Ruotsinsalmi in Finland – Decisive victory of the Swedish galley flotilla. The largest naval battle in the Baltic Sea of all times. Extremely heavy losses suffered by the Russians.

French Revolutionary War (1793–1802)[edit]

  • 1793 November 6 – French capture HMS Alexander (details)
    • 18 November – Short, inconclusive British-French battle (details)
  • 1794 January 22 and 25 – French attack British convoy (details)
    • 23 April – British defeat French frigates (details)
    • 1 June The Glorious First of June – British fleet defeats French fleet in North Atlantic but French grain convoy makes it through to Brest
    • 8 June – French vs British near Jersey
    • 23 August – British defeat French near Brest
    • 22 October – French vs British near Mauritius
  • 1795 March 13 and 14 – British under Hotham vs French under Martin (details)
    • 8 and 9 June – British vs French near Belle Isle
    • 23 June Groix – British under Hood defeat French under Villaret-Joyeuse off Groix, France
    • 13 July – British vs French (details)
    • 7 October – British vs French (details)
  • 1797 February 14 Cape St. Vincent – British under Jervis defeat Spanish near Gibraltar
    • 26 March – Austrian vessels, supported by Venetian battleship, fight off small French attack (details)
    • 16 May – Danish vessels get the better of Tripolitans near Tripoli, Libya (details)
    • 11 October Camperdown (Kamperduin) – British fleet under Admiral Duncan defeats Dutch
  • 1798 August 1–3 The Nile (Aboukir Bay) – British under Nelson defeat moored French fleet under Brueys in Egypt
    • 12 October – British defeat French invasion force off western Ireland (details)
    • 28 October – Minor British vs French
  • 1799 September 3, 4, 5 and 10 – Minor light skirmishes between British and Spanish
  • 1800 August 4 – French attack British convoy (details)
  • 1801 April 5 Copenhagen – British under Nelson destroy moored Danish ships off Copenhagen to prevent France taking them over
    • 6–12 July Algeciras – French defeat initial British assault, British counter-attack and defeat Franco-Spanish force.

19th century[edit]

Napoleonic Wars (1803–15)[edit]

  • 1803 May 23, 24 and 27 – 4 ships take on Tripolitan gunboat force (details)
    • 31 May 1 June – Adams vs Tripolitan gunboats
    • – Duckworth (British) defeats Rochambeau (French) near Santo Domingo
  • 1804 February 15 Pulo Aura – French attack British convoy
    • 3, 7, 23/24 August and 28 and 2–5 September raids on Tripoli (details)
  • 1805 about February – French squadron raids British (details)
    • 4 July? – French capture British East Indiaman (details)
  • 1805 July 4 – 2 Russian ships defeat French gunboat force (details)
    • 22 July Cape Finisterre – Inconclusive action between British Admiral Calder and French Admiral Villeneuve
    • 6 August – French attack British convoy (details)
    • 21 October Trafalgar – Nelson defeats combined Franco-Spanish fleet under Admiral Villeneuve, losing his life but gaining control of the oceans for Britain for the rest of the war
    • 4 November – British capture 4 French battleship survivors from Trafalgar
  • 1806 February 6 San(to) Domingo – British under Duckworth defeat French under Leissegues (French) off Santo Domingo
    • 4 July – Russians defeat French in Narenta Channel
    • 26 July – British defeat Dutch (details)
    • 25 September – British battleships defeat French frigate force (details)
  • 1807 February 19 – British battleships under Duckworth burn several Turkish ships in Dardanelles (details)
    • May – British vs Turks at mouth of Dardanelles (details)
    • 22 May 23 Dardanelles – Russians under Admiral Seniavin defeat Turks near Cape Janizary
    • 1 July Athos (Lemnos/Monte Sancto) – Russians under Seniavin defeats Turks in northern Aegean
    • 23 and 31 August – Danes defeat British light forces near Copenhagen (details)
    • 2–7 September Copenhagen – British forces under Admiral Gambier and General Cathcart capture the Danish fleet
  • 1808 9–14 June – Capture of Rosily Squadron
    • 3 March Spain captures French battleship Atlas.
  • 1809 April 11–24 – British destroy French ships at Basque Roads
    • 13–17 April – British capture French battleship near Porto Rico
    • late May – HMS Melpomène vs Danish gunboats
    • 25–27 June – British and Sicilians vs French near Pozzuoli Bay
    • 26 and 31 October Cette and ? – Southern France
    • 18 November – French frigates defeat British East Indiamen near Mauritius (details)
    • 13 December – French frigates capture HMS Junon (details)
  • 1810 July 3 – French frigate force defeats British East Indiamen in Mozambique Channel (details)
    • 26 August Grand Port – French defeat British at Vieux Grand Port, Mauritius
    • 31 August – British vs French near Toulon
  • 1811 March 13 Lissa – British frigates under Hoste defeat larger Franco-Venetian squadron under Dubordieu off Lissa (Vis) in the Adriatic
    • 29 November – Britain captures French frigate (details)
  • 1812 February 22 – Britain captures French battleship Rivoli (details)
    • 12 July Lyngør – British sink last Danish frigate
  • 1813 November 5 – Skirmish between British and French near Toulon (details)

South American Independence wars[edit]

  • 1811 March 2 – Spanish defeat Argentines under Juan B. Azopardo at San Nicolás on the Paraná River
  • 1814 March 11 – Argentines under William Brown attack Spanish under Romerate (details)
    • 14, 16 and 17 May – Argentines under William Brown defeat Spanish (details)
  • 1823 May 4 – Brazilians under Cochrane vs Portuguese (details)
    • 2, 4 and 6 July – Brazilians under Cochrane vs Portuguese
    • 24 July Lake Maracaibo – Republican naval forces of Venezuela vs Spanish Empire fleet in Lake Maracaibo that includes siege of Defensive Castles in Zapara, San Fernando and San Carlos islands

War of 1812[edit]

Greek War of Independence[edit]

  • 1821 March 4 – Greeks vs Turks north-west of Zakynthos
    • June 5, 6 and 8 – Greeks defeat Turks
    • August 10 – c. 13 – Skirmishes
    • October 1 – Skirmish
  • 1822 March 4
    • May 31
    • June 18–19 – Greek fireships under Konstantinos Kanaris blow up the flagship of Ottoman admiral Kara Ali Pasha
  • 1823 September 27 – Greeks vs Turks west of Lemnos
    • October 23 – Greeks vs Turks near Pondikonisi
  • 1824 August 11, 12, 13, 16, 17 and c. 26 – Various skirmishes between Greeks and Turks/Egyptians/Tunisians
    • September 1 – First Budrum – Greeks vs Turks and Egyptians
    • September 9 – Second Budrum
    • September 22 – Greeks vs Egyptians near Nikaria
    • September 29
    • November 12 and 13 – Greeks vs Turks and Egyptians near Spinalonga
  • 1825 April 29
    • May 26
    • June 1 – Greeks defeat Turks between Euboea and Andros
    • June 14 and 15 – Greeks defeat Turks and Egyptians near Suda Bay
    • June 28 and 29 – Greeks vs Turks and Egyptians south of Cerigo
    • August 3 – Greeks defeat Turks near Missolonghi
    • November 14 – Greeks under Miaoulis vs Turks/Egyptians/Algerines/Tripolitans near Navarin
    • November 25, 26, 29, 30 and December 6 and 7 – Greeks vs Turks (and allies?) near Missolonghi
  • 1826 January 22 and 28 – Greeks vs Turks
    • April 15
    • July 27 and 28 – Greeks vs Turks near Samos
    • September 10 and 11 – Greeks vs Turks near Mitylene
    • October 7 (6?) – Greeks vs Turks in Aegean Sea (?)
  • 1827 September 29 – "Greeks" (Frank Abney Hastings) vs Turks in Salona Bay
    • October 20 Navarino – British/French/Russian squadrons, under Admirals Codrington, de Rigny, and Geiden, destroy Turkish/Egyptian/Tunisian fleet of Tahir Pasha off south-west Greece
  • 1828 January 31 – British and French defeat Greek pirates at Grambusa

Cisplatine War[edit]

  • 1826 February 9 – Argentina vs Brazil
  • 1827 February 9 Juncal – 15 Argentines ships under Brown defeat 17 Brazilians under Pereira
    • February 24 – Argentines under Brown vs Brazilians near Quilmes
    • April 6 and 7 Monte Santiago – Brazilian fleet defeat Argentine navy under William Brown south of Buenos Aires

Later 19th century[edit]

20th century[edit]

Early 20th century[edit]

World War I (1914–18)[edit]

Year Date Battle Notes
1914–1918 U-boat campaign Actions throughout the war by the German U-boat Arm against Allied shipping
1914 16 August Battle of Antivari French and British force sinks Austrian cruiser in the Adriatic
28 August Battle of Heligoland Bight British Grand Fleet ambushes and sinks German ships on patrol off Germany's coast; led Germany to pursue a fleet in being strategy for most of the rest of the war
28 October Battle of Penang SMS Emden sinks Russian cruiser Zhemchug and French destroyer in Penang harbour
1 November Battle of Coronel German cruisers under von Spee defeat a British cruiser force off the coast of Chile; German victory
9 November Battle of Cocos HMAS Sydney intercepts and forces the beaching of SMS Emden; Australian victory
18 November Battle of Cape Sarych Two Ottoman warships clash with five Russian pre-dreadnoughts
8 December Battle of the Falkland Islands British battlecruiser force virtually wipes out von Spee's squadron.
1915 24 January Battle of Dogger Bank Blucher sunk by British battlecruisers in the North Sea.
19 February Naval operations in the Dardanelles Campaign Mainly carried out by the Royal Navy with substantial support from the French and minor contributions from Russia and Australia against Ottoman Empire and ended with Turkish victory
1 May Battle off Noordhinder Bank Two German torpedo boats sunk by British destroyers
2 July Russian raid on Gotland Russian cruiser squadron intercepts German cruiser force laying mines off the Åland Islands. German mine-laying cruiser Albatross sunk and cruisers Roon and Prince Adalbert damaged.
10 December Battle of Kirpen Island Two Ottoman gunboats sunk by Russian destroyers
1916 31 May – 1 June Battle of Jutland Inconclusive two-day battle between the main British and German fleets, largest and only such engagement of World War I.
1917 21 April Battle of Dover Strait Destroyer battle.
15 May Raid on the Otranto Barrage Austrian attack on drifters maintaining anti-submarine barrage
17 October Battle of Moon Sound German and Russian forces clash in the Baltic Sea.
17 November Second Battle of Heligoland Bight Clash between British and German squadrons during mining operation
1918 20 January Battle of Imbros Ottomans and British fight off Imbros in the Aegean.

Between the World Wars (1919–39)[edit]

World War II (1939–45)[edit]

  • 1939–45 Battle of the Atlantic (1939-1945)
  • 1939
  • 1940
    • 10 and 13 May May First and Second Battles of Narvik
    • 8 June Operation Juno – German battleships Gneisenau and Scharnhorst sink the aircraft carrier HMS Glorious and two destroyers off Norway
    • The German cruiser Admiral Hipper sinks the destroyer HMS Glowworm off of Norway
    • 3 July Mers-el-Kebir – British fleet attacks French fleet in harbour in Algeria
    • 9 July Calabria (Punta Stilo) – British fleet attacks Italian fleet
    • 19 July Cape SpadaHMAS Sydney sinks Italian cruiser Bartolomeo Colleoni off Crete
    • 24–27 August Convoy HX 65 – 8 ships sunk in North Atlantic
    • 17 September – 1 October Convoy HG 73 – 9 ships sunk in North Atlantic
    • 20–22 September Convoy HX 72 – 11 ships sunk in the North Atlantic.
    • September 23–35 Dakar – Vichy French fight off a British/Free French landing at Dakar
    • 16–19 October Convoy SC 7 – 20 ships sunk in North Atlantic
    • 19–20 October Convoy HX 79 – 12 ships sunk in North Atlantic
    • 5 November Convoy HX 84 – 5 ships sunk in North Atlantic
    • 11 November Taranto – British air attack on Italians anchored at Taranto, inspiring the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor
    • 27 November Cape Spartivento (Cape Teulada) – British fight back an Italian interception
    • 1–3 December Convoy HX 90 – 11 ships sunk in North Atlantic
  • 1941
  • 1942
    • 21–25 February Convoy ON 67 – 8 ships sunk in North Atlantic
    • 27 February Java Sea – Japanese invasion convoy escorts destroy ABDA fleet
    • 22 March Second Sirte – Italian fleet obstacles a British convoy to Malta, hit escorts, but failed to sink the cargo ships. Delay of the convoy led to the loss of four freighters by air attack
    • 14 April Convoy OG 82 – 1 U-boat sunk
    • 8 May Coral Sea – Japanese invasion convoy turned back by US carrier aircraft. First carrier battle in history.
  • 1942–44 German U-Boats campaign in Gulf of St. Lawrence
    • 4–5 June Midway – invasion convoy retreats after US sinks four Japanese carriers and one Japanese heavy cruiser
    • 12–15 June Operation Vigorous – 6 ships sunk from convoy to Malta. The rest of the convoy is driven back
    • 14–15 June Operation Harpoon – 6 ships sunk from convoy to Malta
    • 2–4 July Convoy PQ 17 – 24 ships sunk from Arctic convoy to Soviet Union
    • 5–10 August Convoy SC 94 – 11 ships and 2 U-boats sunk in North Atlantic
    • 8 August Savo Island – Japanese sink 4 cruisers escorting Guadalcanal invasion convoy
    • 11–15 August Operation Pedestal – 13 ships sunk from convoy to Malta
    • 24 August Eastern Solomons – Japanese aircraft carrier Ryujo sunk while attacking Guadalcanal
    • 10–14 September Convoy ON 127 – 7 ships sunk in North Atlantic
    • 12–16 September Convoy TAG 5 – 2 ships sunk in Caribbean Sea
    • 12 October Cape Esperance US cruisers intercept Japanese cruiser force approaching Guadalcanal
    • 12–16 October Convoy SC 104 – 8 ships and 2 U-boats sunk in North Atlantic
    • 26 October Santa Cruz Islands – USS Hornet sunk in aircraft carrier battle near Guadalcanal
    • 26–29 October Convoy HX 212 – 6 ships sunk in North Atlantic
    • 27–31 October Convoy SL 125 – 11 ships sunk decoying U-boats away from Operation Torch
    • 1–4 November Convoy SC 107 – 15 ships and 1 U-boat sunk in North Atlantic
    • 2–8 November Convoy TAG 18 – 6 ships sunk in Caribbean Sea
    • 6–11 November Convoy TAG 19 – 2 ships sunk in Caribbean Sea
    • 8 November Casablanca – French ships attempt to defend Moroccan neutrality
    • 12–15 November Guadalcanal – four days and nights of fighting, 2 Japanese battleships sunk
    • 30 November Tassafaronga US cruisers intercept Japanese destroyers resupplying Guadalcanal, but suffer heavy losses from torpedo attack
    • 26–30 December Convoy ON 154 – 14 ships and 1 U-boat sunk in North Atlantic
    • 31 December Barents Sea – British escorts fight off German surface attack on convoy JW 51B
  • 1943
  • 1944
    • 9 June Battle of Ushant – Allied 10th destroyer flotilla (UK/Canadian/Polish ships) engage and defeat remnants of the German 8th destroyer flotilla off Brittany
    • 19 June Philippine Sea – US invasion of Saipan initiates the largest aircraft carrier battle in history including "The Great Marianas Turkey Shoot"
    • 23–26 October Leyte Gulf – US invasion of the Philippines produces a decisive battle with the Japanese fleet including four main actions – the Sibuyan Sea, Surigao Straits, off Samar and Cape Engano. First use of Kamikaze tactics by the Japanese.
  • 1945
    • 1 April – 25 May Battle of Okinawa – The Japanese lose their last significant naval force, including the battleship Yamato. Large scale systematic Kamikaze operations conducted by Japanese air forces.
    • 15–16 May Battle of the Malacca Strait – British 26th Destroyer Flotilla ambush and sink the Japanese heavy cruiser Haguro.

Later 20th century[edit]

21st century[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Connolly, Peter; Gillingham, John; Lazenby, John (2016). The Hutchinson Dictionary of Ancient and Medieval Warfare. Cambridge, England: Routledge. p. 9. ISBN 9781135936747.
  2. ^ Mäesalu, Ain (2012). "Could Kedipiv in East-Slavonic Chronicles be Keava hill fort?" (PDF). Estonian Journal of Archaeology. 1 (16supplser): 199. doi:10.3176/arch.2012.supv1.11. Archived from the original (PDF) on 14 October 2017. Retrieved 27 December 2016.
  3. ^ Jean-Claude Castex, Dictionnaire des batailles navales franco-anglaises, Presses de l'Université Laval, 2004, p.21
  4. ^ Unconfirmed.
  5. ^ "ironcladpirate: Brazilian Civil War/Naval Mutiny 1893-4 (Revolta de Armada)". 26 October 2009. Archived from the original on 26 October 2009.
  6. ^ Operation Dwarka
  7. ^ Assault on the Liberty: The True Story of the Israeli Attack on an American Intelligence Ship], by James M. Ennes, Jr. (ISBN 0-9723116-0-2) page 67
  8. ^ "Stalemate & Siege" (PDF). www.understandingwar.org. 2011. Retrieved 19 September 2020.
  9. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 19 February 2018. Retrieved 19 April 2017.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  10. ^ "Somali force and pirates aboard hijacked vessel exchange fire". Reuters. 17 March 2017. Archived from the original on 17 September 2018. Retrieved 17 September 2018.
  11. ^ "Russia seizes Ukrainian ships near annexed Crimea". www.aljazeera.com.
  12. ^ "Inside Europe's first 'narco submarine' captured carrying 3.5 tonnes of cocaine". www.mirror.co.uk/. Retrieved 7 January 2020.
  13. ^ "Pirates attack tanker off Yemen coast, causing minor damage". Star Tribune.

External links[edit]