List of nearest galaxies

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This is a list of known galaxies within 3.59 megaparsecs (11.7 million light-years) of the Solar System, in ascending order of distance. This encompasses all of the about 50 Local Group galaxies, and some that are members of neighboring galaxy groups, the M81 Group and the Centaurus A/M83 Group, and some that are currently not in any defined galaxy group.

The list aims to reflect current knowledge: not all galaxies within the 3.59 Mpc radius have been discovered. Nearby dwarf galaxies are still being discovered, and galaxies located behind the central plane of the Milky Way are extremely difficult to discern. It is possible for any galaxy to mask another located beyond it. Intergalactic distance measurements are subject to large uncertainties. Figures listed are composites of many measurements, some of which may have had their individual error bars tightened to the point of no longer overlapping with each other.[1]

List[edit]

# Picture Galaxy Type Distance from Earth Magnitude Group
Membership
Notes Diameter (ly)
Millions of light-years Mpc M m
  1 Milky Way IR Spitzer.jpg Milky Way SBbc 0.027[2] 0.008[2] −20.8[1] n/a Local Group Home galaxy of Earth 100,000–180,000 ly
  2 Canis Major Dwarf Irr (status as galaxy disputed) 0.025[3] 0.008 −14.5 23.3 Local Group Satellite of Milky Way (accretion by Milky Way) N/A
  3 Segue 1 dSph or Glob Clus 0.075 0.023[4] −3.0[4] 13.8[4] Local Group Satellite of Milky Way N/A
  4 S sgrdw1.jpg Sagittarius Dwarf Sphr SagDEG dSph/E7 0.081 0.024[5] −12.67[5] 4.5[6] Local Group Satellite of Milky Way (partial accretion by Milky Way) 10,000 ly
  5 Ursa Major II Dwarf dSph 0.098 0.030 −4.2 14.3 Local Group Satellite of Milky Way (accretion by Milky Way) ~1,800 ly
  6 Reticulum II Dwarf 0.098 0.030[7] −2.7[7] Local Group Satellite of Milky Way N/A
  7 Triangulum II 0.098 0.030 Local Group Satellite of Milky Way (accretion by Milky Way) N/A
  8 Segue 2 dSph 0.114 0.035[8] −2.5[8] Local Group Satellite of Milky Way N/A
  9 Willman 1 dSph or Star Clus 0.120 0.038[9] −2.7[9] Local Group Satellite of Milky Way N/A
 10 Boötes II dSph 0.136 0.042[9] −2.7[9] Local Group Satellite of Milky Way N/A
 11 Coma Berenices Dwarf dSph 0.137 0.042[10] −3.6[10] Local Group Satellite of Milky Way N/A
 12 Boötes III dSph 0.150 0.046[11] −5.8[12] Local Group Satellite of Milky Way N/A
 13 Large.mc.arp.750pix.jpg Large Magellanic Cloud (LMC) Irr/SB(s)m 0.163 0.050[5] −17.93[5] 0.9[6] Local Group Satellite of Milky Way 14,000 ly
 14 Boötes I dSph 0.197[6] 0.060 −5.8[13] 13.1 Local Group Satellite of Milky Way N/A
 15 VISTA’s view of the Small Magellanic Cloud.jpg Small Magellanic Cloud (SMC, NGC 292) SB(s)m pec 0.206 0.063[5] −16.35[5] 2.7[6] Local Group Satellite of Milky Way 7,000 ly
 16 Ursa Minor Dwarf dE4 0.206 0.063[5] −7.13[5] 11.9[6] Local Group Satellite of Milky Way
 17 PGC 60095 Draco Dwarf Hubble WikiSky.jpg Draco Dwarf (DDO 208) dE0 pec 0.258 0.079[5] −8.74[5] 10.9[6] Local Group Satellite of Milky Way with a large amount of dark matter ~2,700 × 1,900 ly
 18 Pisces I dIrr/dSph[14] 0.26 0.8[15] −10.35[14] Local Group Satellite of Milky Way N/A
 19 NGC 2419 Hubble WikiSky.jpg NGC 2419 Glob Clus 0.275 0.084 −9.5/−11 ? 9.06 Local Group Brightest remote MW globular cluster 520 ly
 20 Sextans Dwarf Sph dSph 0.281 0.086[5] −7.98[5] 12[6] Local Group Satellite of Milky Way 8,400 ly
 21 Virgo I 0.28 0.087[16] −0.8[16] Local Group Satellite of Milky Way N/A
 22 Sculptor Dwarf Galaxy ESO.jpg Sculptor Dwarf (E351-G30) dE3 0.287 0.088[5] −9.77[5] 10.1[6] Local Group Satellite of Milky Way N/A
 23 Ursa Major I Dwarf (UMa I dSph) dSph 0.330 0.10[17] −6.75[17] Local Group Satellite of Milky Way A few thousand ly
 24 Carina Dwarf Galaxy.jpg Carina Dwarf (E206-G220) dE3 0.330 0.10[5] −8.97[17] 11.3[6] Local Group Satellite of Milky Way 1,600 ly
 25 Crater II 0.383 0.1175[18] −8.2[18] Local Group Satellite of Milky Way N/A
 26 Hercules Dwarf Galaxy.jpg Hercules Dwarf dSph 0.430 0.133[19] −5.3[19] 14.7[4] Local Group Satellite of Milky Way N/A
 27 Fornax Dwarf.jpg Fornax Dwarf (E356-G04) dSph/E2 0.46 0.14[1] −11.5[5] 9.28[1] Local Group Satellite of Milky Way N/A
 28 Canes Venatici II Dwarf dSph 0.49 0.15[4] −4.8[4] 15.1[4] Local Group Satellite of Milky Way N/A
 29 Leo IV Dwarf dSph 0.502 0.154[20] −5.5[20] 15.9[4] Local Group Satellite of Milky Way N/A
 30 Leo V Dwarf dSph 0.570 0.175[21] −5.2[21] Local Group Satellite of Milky Way N/A
 31 Pisces II dG[22] 0.596 0.183[22] −4.1[22] Local Group Satellite of Milky Way N/A
 32 Leo II Dwarf (Leo B, DDO 93) dE0 pec 0.701[23] 0.215 −9.23[5] 12.45[1] Local Group Satellite of Milky Way 4,100 ly (tidal)
 33 Canes Venatici I Dwarf dSph 0.711 0.218[24] −7.9[25] 13.9[25] Local Group Satellite of Milky Way N/A
 34 Ugc5470.jpg Leo I Dwarf (DDO 74, UGC 5470) dE3 0.820[23] 0.25 −10.97[5] 11.18[1] Local Group Satellite of Milky Way N/A
 35 Leo T Dwarf dIrr/dSph 1.370 0.42[26] 16[6] Local Group Satellite of Milky Way? 2,300 ly
 36 Phoenix Dwarf Hubble WikiSky.jpg Phoenix Dwarf Galaxy (P 6830) IAm 1.44 0.44 −10.22[5] 13.07[1] Local Group Satellite of Milky Way N/A
 37 NGC6822.jpg Barnard's Galaxy (NGC 6822) IB(s)m IV-V 1.630[23] 0.50 −15.22[5] 9.32[1] Local Group Satellite of Milky Way 7,000 ly
 38 MGC1[27] Glob Clus 2 0.615 −9.2 Local Group Isolated cluster at ~200 kpc from M31 N/A
 39 Ngc185.jpg NGC 185 dE3 pec 2.010[28] 0.62 −14.76[5] 9.99[1] Local Group Satellite of Andromeda N/A
 40 Andromeda II dE0 2.130[28] 0.65 −9.33[5] 15.10[1] Local Group Satellite of Andromeda N/A
 41 IC10 BVHa.jpg IC 10 (UGC 192) dIrr IV/BCD[6] 2.2 0.67 −15.57[5] 12.2[1] Local Group Satellite of Andromeda N/A
 42 NGC147.jpg NGC 147 (DDO 3) dE5 pec 2.200[28] 0.68 −14.9[5] 10.36[1] Local Group Satellite of Andromeda N/A
 43 Leo A Hubble WikiSky.jpg Leo A (Leo III, DDO 69) IBm V 2.250[23] 0.80[29] −11.68[29] 12.92 Local Group Satellite of Milky Way N/A
 44 IC1613-3.jpg IC 1613 (UGC 668) IAB(s)m V 2.350[23] 0.72 −14.51[5] 9.92[1] Local Group Satellite of Andromeda N/A
 45 Andromeda XI dSph 2.410 0.74[30] −7.3[31] Local Group Satellite of Andromeda N/A
 46 Andromeda I Hubble WikiSky.jpg Andromeda I dE3 pec 2.430[28] 0.75 −10.87[5] 13.9[1] Local Group Satellite of Andromeda N/A
 47 Andromeda III dE2 2.440[28] 0.75 −9.30[5] 15.20[1] Local Group Satellite of Andromeda N/A
 48 Cetus Dwarf dSph/E4 2.460[28] 0.75 −10.18[5] 14.4[1] Local Group Satellite of Andromeda[5] N/A
 49 Hs-1999-40-a-full jpg.jpg M32 (NGC 221) E2 2.480;[23] 0.76 −15.96[5] 8.73[1] Local Group Close Satellite of Andromeda 6,500 ly
 50 Cassiopeia Dwarf (PGC 2807155) Hubble WikiSky.jpg Cassiopeia Dwarf (Cas dSph, Andromeda VII) dSph 2.490[28] 0.76 −11.67[5] 13.65[1] Local Group Satellite of Andromeda[5] N/A
 51 Andromeda IX dE 2.500[28] 0.77 −7.5[5] Local Group Satellite of Andromeda[5] N/A
 52 LGS 3 ubv.jpg LGS 3 dIrr/dSph 2.510[28] 0.77 −7.96[5] 16.18[1] Local Group Satellite of Triangulum[citation needed] N/A
 53 Andromeda V dSph 2.52[28] 0.77 −8.41[5] 16.67[1] Local Group Satellite of Andromeda[5] N/A
 54 Pegasus Dwarf Sph (And VI) dSph 2.55[28] 0.78 −10.80[5] 14.05[1] Local Group Satellite of Andromeda[5] N/A
 55 Andromeda VIII dSph[32] 2.7 0.828 −15.6 9.1 Local Group Tidally distorted dwarf close to Andromeda discovered 2003[32] N/A
 — Andromeda Galaxy (with h-alpha).jpg Andromeda Galaxy (M31) SA(s)b 2.56[28] 0.79 −21.58[5] 4.17[1] Local Group Largest Galaxy in the Local Group, with at least 19 satellite galaxies 220,000 ly
 56 M33.jpg Triangulum Galaxy (M33) SAc 2.64[28] 0.81 −18.87[5] 6.19[1] Local Group Most distant (difficult) naked eye object 60,000 ly
 57 Messier 110.jpg M110 (NGC 205) E6p 2.69[28] 0.83 −16.15[5] 8.72[1] Local Group Close Satellite of Andromeda N/A
 58 Andromeda XXI[33] dSph 2.8 0.86 −9.9 Local Group Satellite of Andromeda 13,000 ly
 59 Andromeda XXII[33] dSph 3.22 0.987 18.0 Local Group Satellite of Andromeda
 60 Tucana Dwarf Hubble WikiSky.jpg Tucana Dwarf dE5 2.87 0.88[5] −9.16 15.7[1] Local Group[5] Isolated group member — a 'primordial' galaxy[34] N/A
 61 Andromeda X dSph[6] 2.90 0.889 −8.1[35] 16.1[6] Local Group Satellite of Andromeda discovered 2006 N/A
 62 Pegasus Dwarf Irregular (DDO 216) dIrr/dSph[6] 3.00[28] 0.92 −11.47[5] 13.21[6] Local Group Satellite of Andromeda N/A
 63 Andromeda XIX[36] dG 3.04 0.933 −9.3 Local Group Satellite of Andromeda, spread over 1.7 kpc 22,200 ly
 64 Wlm galaxy.jpg Wolf-Lundmark-Melotte (WLM, DDO 221) Ib(s)m[6] 3.16 0.97[29] −14.06[29] 11.03[6] Local Group Isolated member at the edge of the local group N/A
 65 SagDIG.jpg Sagittarius Dwarf Irregular Galaxy (SagDIG) IB(s)m V[6] 3.39 1.04[5] −11.49 15.5 Local Group[1] Isolated group member N/A
 66 Aquariusdwarf.gif Aquarius Dwarf Galaxy (DDO 210) Im V 3.49[28] 1.07 / 0.94[29] −11.09[29] 14.0[6] Local Group Isolated group member N/A
 67 UGC 4879.jpg UGC 4879 (VV124)[37] 3.59 1.1 −11.5[29] Local Group N/A
 68 Antlia Dwarf PGC 29194 Hubble WikiSky.jpg Antlia Dwarf dE3.5[6] 4.08 1.25[29] −9.63[29] 16.19[1] Local Group May have interacted with NGC 3109[38] 3,000 ly
 69 Sextans dwarf.jpg Sextans A (UGCA 205, DDO 75) IBm[6] 4.31[39] 1.32 −13.95[5] 11.86[6] Local Group[1] Isolated group member N/A
 70 NGC 3109 2MASS.jpg NGC 3109 SB(s)m 4.24 1.30[38] −15.68[1] 10.39[1] Local Group N/A
 71 Andromeda XVIII.jpg Andromeda XVIII[36] dG 4.42 1.355 −9.7 Local Group N/A
 72 Sextans B Hubble WikiSky.jpg Sextans B (UGC 5373) IM IV-V[6] 4.44 1.44[29] −14.08[29] 11.85[6] Local Group[1] N/A
 73 KKh 060 Irr 4.89 1.5[1] 18B[6] N/A
 74 KUG 1210+301B (KK98 127) S.. 4.89 1.5[1] 15.7[6] between LG and M94 Pair? N/A
 75 HIZSS 003 dIrr 5.5 1.69[29] −12.60[29] 18B[6] Far below the SG plane Hidden by the Milky Way N/A
 76 KKR 25 Irr 6.07 1.86[1] −9.94[29] 17.0[6] N/A
 77 ESO 410-G005 E3[6] 6.33 1.94[29] −11.60[29] 14.85[6] NGC 55 & 300 N/A
 78 ESO 294-010 dS0/Im[6] 6.26[40] 1.96[29] −10.95[29] 15.6[6] NGC 55 & 300 N/A
 79 IC 5152 IA(s)m[6] 6.42 1.97[29] −15.56[29] 11.06[6] NGC 55 & 300 ? Remotely on the side of NGC 55 N/A
 80 KKs 3 dSph[41] 6.91 2.12[41] −12.3[41] 14.47[41] 4,900 ly[41]
 81 GR 8.jpg GR 8 (DDO 155) ImV[6] 6.95 2.13[29] −12.14[29] 14.65[6] Inner edge of M94 Group "footprint galaxy" N/A
 82 PGC 166185.jpeg KKR 03 (KK98 230) dIrr 6.98 2.14[29] −9.8 17.90[6] Inner edge of M94 Group 980 ly
 83 Composite Image of NGC 300.jpg NGC 300 SA(s)d[6] 7.01 2.15[40] −17.92[1] 8.95[6] Inner edge of Sculptor group forms pair with NGC 55 150,000? ly
 84 GALEX-NGC55.jpg NGC 55 SB(s)m: sp[6] 7.08 2.17[29] −18.47[29] 8.84[1] Inner edge of Sculptor group Forms pair with NGC 300 730,000? ly
 85 UGCA 438 (ESO 407-018) IB(s)m pec:[6] 7.24 2.22[29] −12.92[29] 13.86[1] NGC 55 & 300
 86 UGC 09128 (DDO 187) ImIV-V 7.3 2.24[29] −12.47[29] 14.38[6] Inner edge of M94 Group
 87 IC 3104 IB(s)m 7.40 2.27[1] −14.85[29] 13.63[6] On the way to Circinus galaxy
 88 IC 4662 (ESO 102- G 014) IBm 7.96 2.44[29] −15.56[29] 11.74[6] On the way to Circinus galaxy
 89 KKh 98 Irr 7.99 2.45[1] −10.78[1] 16.7[6] IC 342/Maffei Group
 90 UGC 8508 (I Zw 060) IAm 8.35[42] 2.69[29] −13.09[29] 14.40[6] M94 Group
 91 KKh 086 Irr 8.51 2.60[29] −10.30[29] 16.8[6] Isolated (M94/Cent A)
 92 DDO 99 (UGC 06817) Im 8.61 2.64[1]–3.9[6] −13.52[29] 13.4[6] M94 Group
 93 UGC 07577 (DDO 125) Im 8.94 2.74[29] −14.32[29] 12.84[6] M94 Group
 94 UGC 9240 galaxy HST.jpg UGC 9240 (DDO 190) IAm 9.10 2.80[29] −14.19[29] 13.25[6] M94 Group
 95 Dwingeloo 1 (WISE).png Dwingeloo 1 SB(s)cd 9.13 2.8[1] −18.78 19.8[6] IC 342/Maffei Group
 96 Maf2atlas.jpg Maffei 2 SAB(rs)bc 9.13 2.8[1] −20.15[5] 14.77[6] IC 342/Maffei Group
 97 UGCA 276 (DDO 113) Im 9.32 2.86[1] 15.40[6] M94 Group
 98 Fireworks of Star Formation Light Up a Galaxy - GPN-2000-000877.jpg NGC 4214 (UGC 07278) IAB(s)m 9.58 2.94[1] 10.24[6] M94 Group Starburst galaxy
 99 UGCA 86 SAB(s)m[43] 9.65 2.96[44] 13.5[6] IC 342/Maffei Group[43]
100 NGC 4163 dIrr 9.65 2.96[44] 14.5[6] M94 Group
101 Dwingeloo 2 Im? 9.78 3.0[1] −14.55[1] 20.5[6] IC 342/Maffei Group
102 KKH 11 (ZOAG G135.74-04.53) dE/N 9.78 3.0[1] −13.35[5] 16.2[6] IC 342/Maffei Group
103 KKH 12 Irr 9.78 3.0[1] −13.03 17.8[6] IC 342/Maffei Group
104 MB 3 dSph 9.78 3.0[1] −13.65[5] 19.8[6] IC 342/Maffei Group
105 MB 1 (KK98 21) SAB(s)d? 9.78 3.0[1] −14.81[5] 20.5[6] IC 342/Maffei Group
106 Maf1atlas.jpg Maffei 1 S0- pec 9.78 3.0[1] −18.97[5] 11.4[6] IC 342/Maffei Group
107 UGCA 92 Im?[6] 9.82 3.01[44] 13[6] IC 342/Maffei Group[43]
108 UGC 8651 (DDO 181) Im 9.82 3.01[1] 14.7[6] M94 Group
109 NGC 1569.jpg NGC 1569 (UGC 03056) IBm;Sbrst[6] 9.98 3.06[45] −18.17[1] 11.86[6] IC 342/Maffei Group[43]
110 ESO 274-01[46] SAd: 10.1 3.09 11.7 Centaurus A Group
111 UGCA 292 (DDO 125) ImIV-V 10.11 3.1[1] 16.0[6] M94 Group
112 NGC 3741 ImIII/BCD 10.21[42] 3.13 14.3[6] M94 Group
113 KK98 35 Irr 10.31 3.16[1] −14.30 17.2[6] IC 342/Maffei Group
114 HIPASS J1247-77 Im 10.31 3.16[47] 17.B[6] Aligned with IC 3104
115 NGC 2366HST.jpg NGC 2366 IB(s)m 10.40[42] 3.19 11.43[6] M81 group
116 UGCA 133 (DDO 44) Im 10.40[42] 3.19 15.54[6] M81 group
117 ESO 321-014[46] IBm[6] 10.40[46] 3.19 15.16[6] Centaurus A Group
118 UGC 8833 (HST).jpg UGC 8833 Im 10.41 3.19[1] 16.5[6] M94 Group
119 UGC 4483 dIrr 10.47[42] 3.21 15.2[6] M81 group
120 NGC404.jpg NGC 404 SA(s)0-:[6] 10.56 3.24[29] −16.61[29] 11.21[6] 'Mirach's Ghost'
121 Ugca105.jpg UGCA 105 Im? 10.63[42] 3.26 −16.81 13.9[6] IC 342/Maffei Group
122 IC342 RGB2.jpg IC 342 SAB(rs)cd[6] 10.70 3.28[1] −20.69[1] 9.37[1] IC 342/Maffei Group "the hidden galaxy"
123 Cas 1 (KK98 19) dIrr 10.76 3.3[1] −16.70 16.38[6] IC 342/Maffei Group
124 NGC 2403HST.jpg NGC 2403 SAB(s)cd HII 10.76 3.30[5] −19.29 8.93[6] M81 group
125 Camelopardalis B Irr 10.80[42] 3.31 −11.85 16.1[6] IC 342/Maffei Group
126 UGCA 015 (DDO 6) IB(s)m 10.90 3.34[5] −12.50[5] 15.19[6] Sculptor group
127 KKH 37 (Mai 16) S/Irr 11.06 3.39[47] 16.4[6] IC 342/Maffei Group
128 Irregular galaxy Holmberg II (captured by the Hubble Space Telescope).tif Holmberg II (DDO 50, UGC 4305) Im 11.06[42] 3.39 11.1[6] M81 group
129 NGC 5102 2MASS.jpg NGC 5102 SA0- HII 11.09 3.40[1] −18.08.56 10.35[6] Centaurus A Group
130 NGC 5237 I0?[6] 11.09 3.40;[46] 13.23[6] Centaurus A Group
131 ESO 325-11 11.09 3.40;[46] 13.99[6] Centaurus A Group
132 ESO 540-030.jpg ESO 540-030 (KDG 2) IABm 11.10 3.40[5] −11.39 16.45[6] Sculptor group
133 FM2000 1 dSph? 11.15[42] 3.42 17.5[6] M81 group
134 ESO 540-032 IAB(s)m pec: 11.15 3.42[5] −11.32[5] 16.55[6] Sculptor group
135 NGC 1560 SA(s)d HII 11.25 3.45[1] −16.87[5] 12.16[6] IC 342/Maffei Group
136 ESO 383-087 (ISG 39) SB(s)dm 11.3 3.45[46] −15.16[1] 11.03[6] Centaurus A Group
137 NGC 5206 11.3 3.47;[46] Centaurus A Group
138 KK 179 (ESO 269-37) 11.4 3.48[46] Centaurus A Group
139 KK98 77 dSph 11.35[42] 3.48 16.2[6] M81 group
140 DDO 71 Im 11.42[42] 3.50 18[6] M81 group
141 M82 Chandra HST Spitzer.jpg M82 I0;Sbrst HII 11.51 3.53[5] −19.63[5] 9.30 [6] M81 group 37,000 ly
142 ESO 269-66 (KK98 190) dE,N 11.55 3.54[1] −13.56 14.11[6] Centaurus A Group
143 M81 Dwarf A (KDG 52) I? 11.58[42] 3.55 −11.49[5] 16.5[6] M81 group
144 NGC2976 3.6 5.8 8.0 microns spitzer.png NGC 2976 SAc pec HII 11.61[42] 3.56 −17.1[5] 10.82[6] M81 group
145 UGC 4459.jpg UGC 4459 (DDO 53) Im 11.61[42] 3.56 −13.37[5] 14.48 [6] M81 group
146 Phot-18b-99-hires.jpg NGC 4945 SB(s)cd:sp[6] 11.70[48] 3.59 −20.51[1] 9.3[6] Centaurus A Group
#   Galaxy Type Dist from Earth Magnitude Group
Membership
Notes
Mly Mpc M m

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn I. D. Karachentsev et al.(2004) A Catalog of Neighboring Galaxies Refinements in distance measurements could change the order presented in this list.
  2. ^ a b distance of the Solar System from the Galactic Center. The distance of Earth from the galaxy which contains it is of course "zero".
  3. ^ "Astronomers find nearest galaxy to the Milky Way" (Press release). University of Strasbourg. 4 November 2003. Archived from the original on 2008-05-27.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h Belokurov, V.; Zucker, D. B.; Evans, N. W.; Kleyna, J. T.; Koposov, S.; Hodgkin, S. T.; Irwin, M. J.; Gilmore, G.; Wilkinson, M. I.; Fellhauer, M.; Bramich, D. M.; Hewett, P. C.; Vidrih, S.; De Jong, J. T. A.; Smith, J. A.; Rix, H. ‐W.; Bell, E. F.; Wyse, R. F. G.; Newberg, H. J.; Mayeur, P. A.; Yanny, B.; Rockosi, C. M.; Gnedin, O. Y.; Schneider, D. P.; Beers, T. C.; Barentine, J. C.; Brewington, H.; Brinkmann, J.; Harvanek, M.; Kleinman, S. J. (2007). "Cats and Dogs, Hair and a Hero: A Quintet of New Milky Way Companions". The Astrophysical Journal. 654 (2): 897. arXiv:astro-ph/0608448. Bibcode:2007ApJ...654..897B. doi:10.1086/509718.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl I. D. Karachentsev (2005). "The Local Group and Other Neighboring Galaxy Groups". Astronomical Journal. 129 (1): 178–188. arXiv:astro-ph/0410065. Bibcode:2005AJ....129..178K. doi:10.1086/426368.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu bv bw bx by bz ca cb cc cd ce cf cg ch ci cj ck cl cm cn co cp cq cr cs ct cu cv cw cx cy cz da db "NASA/IPAC Extragalactic Database". Retrieved 2008.
  7. ^ a b Sergey E. Koposov; Vasily Belokurov; Gabriel Torrealba; N. Wyn Evans (10 March 2015). "Beasts of the Southern Wild. Discovery of a large number of Ultra Faint satellites in the vicinity of the Magellanic Clouds". The Astrophysical Journal. 805: 130. arXiv:1503.02079. Bibcode:2015ApJ...805..130K. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/805/2/130.
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References[edit]