List of neutrino experiments

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This is a non-exhaustive list of neutrino experiments, neutrino detectors, and neutrino telescopes.

Abbreviation Full name Sensitivity[a] Type Induced reaction Type of reaction[b] Detector Type of detector Threshold energy Location Operation Home page
ANNIE Accelerator Neutrino Neutron Interaction Experiment SciBooNE Hall, Illinois, United States future [1]
ANTARES Astronomy with a Neutrino Telescope and Abyss Environmental RESearch ATM, CR, AGN, PUL
ν
e
,
ν
μ
,
ν
τ
Mediterranean Sea, France 2006– [2]
ARIANNA Antarctic Ross Ice-Shelf ANtenna Neutrino Array S, CR, AGN, ?
ν
e
,
ν
μ
,
ν
τ
Ross Ice Shelf, Antarctica future [3]
BDUNT (NT-200+) Baikal Deep Underwater Neutrino Telescope S, ATM, LS, AGN, PUL
ν
e
,
ν
μ
,
ν
τ
CC, NC Water (H2O) Cherenkov ≈10 GeV Lake Baikal, Russia 1993– [4]
BOREXINO BORon EXperiment LS
ν
e

ν
x +
e

ν
x +
e
ES LOS shielded by water Scintillation 250–665 keV Gran Sasso, Italy May 2007– [5] [6]
CHANDLER Carbon Hydrogen AntiNeutrino Detector with a Lithium Enhanced Roghavan-optical-lattice R
ν
e

ν
e
+
p

e+
+
n
CC WLS Plastic Scintillating Cubes and Lithium-6-loaded Zinc Sulfide Sheets Scintillation 1.8 MeV North Anna, Virginia, USA June 2017- [7]
CLEAN Cryogenic Low-Energy Astrophysics with Neon LS, SN, WIMP
ν
e

ν
x +
e

ν
x +
e


ν
e
+ 20
Ne

ν
e
+ 20
Ne

ES
ES
Liquid Ne (10 t) Scintillation future [8]
COBRA Cadmium zinc telluride 0-neutrino double-Beta Research Apparatus 64
Zn
+
e
64
Ni
+
e+

70
Zn
70
Ge
+
e
+
e

106
Cd
106
Pd
+
e+
+
e+

108
Cd
+
e
+
e
108
Pd

114
Cd
114
Sn
+
e
+
e

116
Cd
116
Sn
+
e
+
e

120
Te
+
e
120
Sn
+
e+

128
Te
128
Xe
+
e
+
e

130
Te
130
Xe
+
e
+
e
BB Cadmium zinc telluride Gran Sasso, Italy 2007– [9]
Daya Bay Daya Bay Reactor Neutrino Experiment R
ν
e

ν
e
+
p

e+
+
n
CC Gd-doped LAB (LOS) Scintillation 1.8 MeV Daya Bay, China 2011– [10]
Double Chooz Double Chooz Reactor Neutrino Experiment R
ν
e

ν
e
+
p

e+
+
n
CC Gd-doped LOS Scintillation 1.8 MeV Chooz, France 2011– [11]
EXO-200 Enriched Xenon Observatory 134
Xe
134
Ba
+
e
+
e

136
Xe
136
Ba
+
e
+
e
BB Liquid Xenon WIPP, New Mexico 2009– [12]
GALLEX GALLium EXperiment LS
ν
e

ν
e
+ 71
Ga
71
Ge
+
e
CC GaCl3 (30 t) Radiochemical 233.2 keV Gran Sasso, Italy 1991–1997 [13]
GERDA The GERmanium Detector Array BB
ν
e
76
Ge
76
As
+
e
+
e
BB HPGe Semiconductor Gran Sasso, Italy [14]
GNO Gallium Neutrino Observatory LS
ν
e

ν
e
+ 71
Ga
71
Ge
+
e
CC GaCl3 (30 t) Radiochemical 233.2 keV Gran Sasso, Italy May 1998–Jan 2002 [15]
HALO Helium And Lead Observatory SN
ν
e
,
ν
x

ν
e
+ 208
Pb

e
+ 209
Bi
*


ν
+ 208
Pb

ν
+ 208
Pb
*
CC, NC Lead (79 t) and 3He High-Z ≈10 MeV Creighton Mine, Ontario 2012– [16]
HERON Helium Roton Observation of Neutrinos LS
ν
e
(mainly)

ν
e
+
e

ν
e
+
e
NC Superfluid He Rotational excitation 1 MeV future [17]
HOMESTAKE–CHLORINE Homestake chlorine experiment S
ν
e
37
Cl
+
ν
e
37
Ar
* +
e

37
Ar
* → 37
Cl
+
e+
+
ν
e
CC C2Cl4 (615 t) Radiochemical 814 keV Homestake Mine, South Dakota 1967–1998 [18]
HOMESTAKE–IODINE Homestake iodine experiment S
ν
e

ν
+
e

ν
+
e


ν
e
+ 127
I
127
Xe
+
e
ES
CC
NaI in water Radiochemical 789 keV Homestake Mine, South Dakota future [19]
ICARUS Imaging Cosmic And Rare Underground Signal S, ATM, GSN
ν
e
,
ν
μ
,
ν
τ

ν
+
e

ν
+
e
ES Liquid Ar Cherenkov 5.9 MeV Gran Sasso, Italy 2010– [20]
IceCube IceCube Neutrino Detector ATM, CR, AGN, ?
ν
e
,
ν
μ
,
ν
τ

ν
+ N →
ν
+ Cascade
,
ν
+ N → Charged lepton + Cascade
CC, NC Water ice (1 km3) Cherenkov ≈10 GeV South Pole, Antarctica 2006– [21]
India-based Neutrino Observatory Iron Calorimeter Detector @ India-based Neutrino Observatory ATM
ν
μ

ν
μ
+Fe→
μ
+X
CC (dominant), NC Magnetised iron (50 kton) RPC active detector elements ≈0.6 GeV Theni, Tamil Nadu, India 2012– (lab construction); 2018– (detector operation) [22]
JUNO Jiangmen Underground Neutrino Observatory R
ν
e

ν
e
+
p

e+
+
n
CC LAB (LOS) + PPO + Bis-MSB Scintillation Kaiping, China 2014– (construction) [23]
Kamiokande Kamioka Nucleon Decay Experiment S, ATM
ν
e

ν
+
e

ν
+
e
ES Water (H2O) Cherenkov 7.5 MeV Kamioka, Japan 1986–1995 [24]
KamLAND Kamioka Liquid Scintillator Antineutrino Detector R
ν
e

ν
e
+
p

e+
+
n
CC LOS Scintillation 1.8 MeV Kamioka, Japan 2002– [25]
KM3NeT KM3 Neutrino Telescope S, ATM, CR, SN, AGN, PUL
ν
μ
,
ν
e
,
ν
τ
Sea water (≈5 km3) Cherenkov Mediterranean Sea [26]
LAGUNA Large Apparatus studying Grand Unification and Neutrino Astrophysics future [27]
LBNE/DUNE Long-Baseline Neutrino Experiment / Deep Underground Neutrino Experiment Homestake Mine (South Dakota) future [28]
LENS Low Energy Neutrino Spectroscopy LS
ν
e

ν
e
+ 115
In
115
Sn
+
ν
e
+ 2
γ
CC In-doped LOS Scintillation 120 keV [29] [30]
Majorana Demonstrator The Majorana Demonstrator BB
ν
e
76
Ge
76
As
+
e
+
e
BB HPGe Semiconductor 2039 keV Homestake Mine, South Dakota construction start 2012 [31]
MicroBooNE AC, SN
ν
e
,
ν
μ
ES, NC, CC Liquid Argon TPC few MeV Illinois, United States 2014- [32]
MINERvA Main Injector ExpeRiment for v-A AC
ν
μ
many CC, NC Solid scintillator, targets of Liquid helium, Carbon, Water, Iron, Lead Scintillation ≈0.5 GeV Illinois, United States 2009– [33]
MiniBooNE Mini Booster Neutrino Experiment AC
ν
e
,
ν
μ

ν
e
+ 12
C

e
+ X
CC Mineral oil (1000 t) Cherenkov ≈100 keV Illinois, United States 2002– [34]
MINOS Main Injector Neutrino Oscillation Search AC, ATM
ν
e
,
ν
μ

ν
μ
+nucleus →
μ
+X
CC, NC Solid scintillator Scintillation ≈0.5 GeV Illinois and Minnesota, United States 2005–2012 [35]
MINOS+ Upgraded electronics for MINOS AC, ATM
ν
e
,
ν
μ
,

ν
μ
+nucleus →
μ
+X
CC, NC Solid scintillator Scintillation ≈0.5 GeV Illinois and Minnesota, United States 2013– [36]
NEMO-3 Neutrino Ettore Majorana Observatory BB
ν
e
100
Mo
100
Ru
+ 2
e

100
Se
100
Kr
+ 2
e

BB Tracker + calorimeter He+Ar wire chamber, plastic scintillators 150 keV Modane Underground Laboratory, Fréjus Road Tunnel, France 2003–2011 [37]
MOON Molybdenum Observatory Of Neutrinos LS, LSN
ν
e

ν
e
+ 100
Mo
100
Tc
+
e
CC 100
Mo
(kt) + MoF6 (gas)
Scintillation 168 keV Washington, United States [38]
NEMO Telescope NEutrino Mediterranean Observatory Mediterranean Sea, Italy 2007– [39]
NEVOD Cherenkov water detector NEVOD ATM, CR
ν
μ

ν
μ
+
n

μ
+
p


ν
μ
+
p

μ+
+
n
CC Water (H2O) Cherenkov ≈2 GeV Moscow, Russia 1993– [40]
NOνA NuMI Off-Axis νe Appearance AC
ν
e
,
ν
μ

ν
e
+nucleus →
e
+X
CC Liquid scintillator Scintillation ≈0.1 GeV Illinois and Minnesota, United States 2011– [41]
OPERA Oscillation Project with Emulsion-tRacking Apparatus AC
ν
τ

ν
τ
+nucleus →
τ
+X
CC Lead/Emulsion Nuclear Emulsion ≈1.0 GeV LNGS (Italy) and CERN 2008– [42]
RENO Reactor Experiment for Neutrino Oscillation R
ν
e

ν
e
+
p

e+
+
n
CC Gd-doped LOS Scintillation 1.8 MeV South Korea 2011–
SAGE Soviet–American Gallium Experiment LS
ν
e

ν
e
+ 71
Ga
71
Ge
+
e
CC GaCl3 Radiochemical 233.2 keV Baksan Valley, Russia 1990–2006 [43]
SciBooNE SciBar (Scintillator Bar) Booster Neutrino Experiment AC
ν
μ

ν
μ
+ 12
C

μ
+ X
CC, NC Plastic (CH,10 ton) Scintillation ≈100 keV Illinois, United States 2007–2008 [44]
SNO Sudbury Neutrino Observatory S, ATM, GSN
ν
e
,
ν
μ
,
ν
τ

ν
e
+ 2
D
→ 2
p
+
e


ν
x + 2
D

ν
x +
n
+
p


ν
e
+
e

ν
e
+
e
CC
NC
ES
Heavy water (kt D2O) Cherenkov 3.5 MeV Creighton Mine, Ontario 1999–2006 [45]
SNO+ SNO with liquid scintillator S,LS,R,T,

SN,LSN


ν
e

ν
x +
e

ν
x +
e


ν
e
+
p

e+
+
n

ES, BB linear alkylbenzene (LAB) + PPO Scintillation ≈≤1MeV Creighton Mine, Ontario 2014– [46]
SoLid Short baseline Oscillation Search with Lithium-6 Detector R
ν
e

ν
e
+
p

e+
+
n
CC plastic and anorganic scintillator Scintillation ≈2 MeV Mol, Belgium 2015-
STEREO Short baseline Oscillation Search with LS Detector R
ν
e

ν
e
+
p

e+
+
n
CC liquid organic scintillator loaded with Gd Scintillation ≈2 MeV Grenoble, France 2013-
Super-K Super-Kamiokande S, ATM, GSN
ν
e
,
ν
μ
,
ν
τ

ν
e
+
e

ν
e
+
e


ν
e
+
n

e
+
p


ν
e
+
p

e+
+
n
ES
CC
CC
Water (H2O) Cherenkov 200 MeV Kamioka, Japan 1996– [47] [48]
SuperNEMO SuperNEMO BB
ν
e
100
Se
100
Kr
+ 2
e

150
Nd
150
Sm
+ 2
e
BB Tracker + calorimeter He+Ar wire chamber, plastic scintillators 150 keV Modane Underground Laboratory, Fréjus Road Tunnel, France 2017- [49]
T2K Tokai to Kamioka AC
ν
e
,
ν
μ


ν
e
,
ν
μ

ν
e
+
n

e
+
p
(+π, +X)

ν
μ
+
n

μ
+
p
(+π, +X)


ν
e
+
p

e+
+
n
(+π, +X)

ν
μ
+
p

μ+
+
n
(+π, +X)

CC

(NC)

Water (H2O) Cherenkov
200 MeV
Tokai, Japan Kamioka, Japan 2011- [50]
UNO Underground Nucleon decay and neutrino Observatory S, ATM, GSN, RSN
ν
e
,
ν
μ
,
ν
τ

ν
e
+
e

ν
e
+
e
ES Water (440 kt H2O) Cherenkov Henderson Mine, Colorado future [51]

^[a] Accelerator neutrino (AC), Active galactic nuclei neutrino (AGN), Atmospheric neutrino (ATM), Cosmic ray neutrino (CR), Low-energy solar neutrino (LS), Low-energy supernova neutrino (LSN), Pulsar neutrino (PUL), Reactor neutrino (R), Solar neutrino (S), Supernova neutrino (SN), Terrestrial neutrino (T)
^[b] Double beta decay (BB), Charged current (CC), Elastic scattering (ES), Neutral current (NC)

See also[edit]

External links[edit]