List of next general elections

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This is a list of the next general elections around the world in democratic polities. The general elections listed are for the government of each jurisdiction. These elections determine the Prime Minister and makeup of the legislature in a parliamentary democracy, or the president and then the legislature in a system where separate votes are taken for different tiers of government.

In most jurisdictions, general elections are held between every three to five years,[1] with presidential elections sometimes attaining six (Mexico, Russia since a 2008 amendment) or seven years (France's septennat until 2000).

A country's constitution may give elections a fixed timing (i.e. United States, Switzerland and Sweden) while some allow the government to dissolve Parliament and call a new vote up to a certain time limit (United Kingdom, Israel and Japan). Some constitutions may require Parliaments to elect the head of state under threat of dissolution (Greece). In most countries the election for the representative assembly determines the government.

All countries in the Americas which directly elect their President, hold the Presidential and the legislative election at the same time. However, most countries in Europe split these elections and schedule them at different times.

International standards set a number of rules to judge whether the election is unfair. Some countries hold staged elections, but in most cases the election's outcome is the result of organized influence as per social choice theory. Human rights violations include "compromise of the right to participate in government through free elections",[2] the right to freedom of association,[3] or the right to free expression.[4] Elections may also be unfair if unlawful political campaign financing favours particular interest groups, or if the law implicitly favors some through this means. Finally, media ownership may also create significant media bias.[5]

The National Democratic Institute also maintains a calendar of general elections.

In case an election spans multiple days or has multiple phases, the first date of the election is presented in the table below.

List of next elections[edit]

Africa[edit]

Country Parliamentary election Presidential election Fairness In power now
Term Last election Next election Term Last election Next election
 Algeria 5 4 May 2017 May 2022 5 17 April 2014 12 December 2019 National Liberation Front
 Angola 5 23 August 2017 August 2022 Dominant-party system MPLA
 Burkina Faso 5 29 November 2015 November 2020 5 29 November 2015 November 2020 People's Movement for Progress
 Benin 5 28 April 2019 30 April 2023 6 March 2016 2021 Cowry Forces
 Botswana 5 24 October 2014 October 2019 BDP
 Burundi 5 29 June 2015 June 2020 5 21 July 2015 2020 CNDD-FDD
 Cameroon 5 30 September 2013 October 2019 7 7 October 2018 October 2025 CPDM
 Cape Verde 5 20 March 2016 March 2021 2 October 2016 2021 Movement for Democracy
 Central African Republic 5 30 December 2015 February 2021 Faustin-Archange Touadéra
 Chad 5 13 February 2011 2019 5 10 April 2016 2021 MPS
 Comoros 5 25 January 2015 January 2020 5 24 March 2019 2024 Renewal of the Comoros
 Democratic Republic of the Congo 5 30 December 2018 December 2023 PPRD
 Djibouti 5 23 February 2018 February 2023 5 8 April 2016 2021 Union for the Presidential Majority
 Egypt 5 17 October 2015 November 2020 4 26 March 2018 2022 For the Love of Egypt
 Equatorial Guinea 5 12 November 2017 November 2022 7 24 April 2016 2023 Dominant-party system Democratic Party
 Ethiopia 5 24 May 2015 May 2020 6 25 October 2018 2024 Dominant-party system EPRDF
 Gabon 5 6 October 2018 October 2023 7 27 August 2016 2023 Dominant-party system Gabonese Democratic Party
 Gambia 5 6 April 2017 April 2022 5 1 December 2016 2021 Gambia Coalition 2016
 Ghana 4 7 December 2016 7 December 2020 4 7 December 2016 7 December 2020 New Patriotic Party
 Guinea 5 28 September 2013 2019 5 11 October 2015 2020 Rally of the Guinean People
 Guinea-Bissau 4 10 March 2019 March 2023 5 PAIGC
 Côte d'Ivoire 5 18 December 2016 December 2020 5 25 October 2015 October 2020 Rally of Houphouëtists
 Kenya 4 8 August 2017 9 August 2022 Violence, ICC crime Jubilee Party
 Lesotho 5 3 June 2017 June 2020 Democratic Congress
 Liberia 4 10 October 2017 10 October 2023 Unity Party
 Libya 4 25 June 2014 2019 Recent civil war National Forces Alliance
 Madagascar 5 27 May 2019 2024 7 November 2018
 Malawi 5 21 May 2019 May 2024 Democratic Progressive Party
 Mali 5 24 November 2013 June 2019 5 29 July 2018 2023 Rally for Mali
 Mauritania 5 1 September 2018 September 2023 5 21 June 2014 2019
 Mauritius 5 10 December 2014 December 2019
 Morocco 4 7 October 2016 October 2020 N/A Political suppression
 Mozambique 5 15 October 2014 15 October 2019
 Namibia 4 28 November 2014 November 2019
 Niger 5 21 February 2016 February 2021 Nigerien Party for Democracy and Socialism
 Nigeria 4 23 February 2019 February 2023 28 April 2015 Violence APC
 Republic of the Congo 5 16 July 2017 July 2022 5 20 March 2016 2021
 Rwanda 5 3 September 2018 September 2023 7 4 August 2017 2024 Violence, fraud Patriotic Front
 Sao Tome and Principe 4 7 October 2018 October 2022 5 17 July 2016 2021
 Senegal 5 30 July 2017 July 2022 24 February 2019
 Seychelles 5 8 September 2016 October 2021 3 December 2015 2020[6][7]
 Sierra Leone 5 7 March 2018 March 2023 7 March 2018 All People's Congress
 Somalia 4 10 October 2016 October 2020 5 8 February 2017 2022
 South Africa 5 8 May 2019 May 2024 ANC
 Sudan 5 13 April 2015 April 2020 National Congress
 Swaziland 5 18 August 2018 August 2023 N/A Absolute monarchy.
Parliament has very limited powers.
Political parties are prohibited.
(no political parties; no responsible government)
 Tanzania 5 25 October 2015 October 2020 CCM
 Togo 5 20 December 2018 December 2023 5 25 April 2015 2020
 Tunisia 5 26 October 2014 6 October 2019 5 23 November 2019 November 2024 Coalition: Nidaa Tounes,
Ennahda Movement,
Free Patriotic Union, Afek Tounes
 Uganda 5 18 February 2016 February 2021 National Resist.
 Zambia 5 11 August 2016 August 2021 Patriotic Front
 Zimbabwe 5 30 July 2018 July 2023 Fraud Zanu-PF
  •  Eritrea and  South Sudan have not held general elections since independence in 1991 and 2011, respectively.

Americas[edit]

Country Parliamentary election Presidential election Fairness In power now
Term Last election Next election Term Last election Next election
 Antigua and Barbuda 5 21 March 2018 March 2023 N/A Antigua Labour Party
 Argentina 2 22 October 2017 27 October 2019 4 25 October 2015 27 October 2019 Cambiemos
 Bahamas 5 10 May 2017 May 2022 N/A Free National Movement
 Barbados 5 24 May 2018 May 2023 N/A Barbados Labour Party
 Belize 5 4 November 2015 1 November 2020 N/A United Democratic Party
 Bolivia 5 12 October 2014 20 October 2019 5 12 October 2014 20 October 2019 Movement for Socialism
 Bermuda 5 18 July 2017 July 2022 N/A One Bermuda Alliance
 Brazil 4 7 October 2018 2 October 2022 4 7 October 2018 2 October 2022 Social Liberal Party
 Canada 4 19 October 2019 October 2023 N/A Liberal Party
 Cayman Islands 4 24 May 2017 May 2021 N/A People's Progressive Movement
 Chile 4 19 November 2017 November 2021 4 19 November 2017 2021
 Colombia 4 11 March 2018 March 2022 4 27 May 2018 2022 Social Party
 Costa Rica 4 4 February 2018 February 2022 4 4 February 2018 February 2022 National Liberation
 Cuba 5 11 March 2018 2023 Communist Party of Cuba
 Dominica 5 8 December 2014 December 2019 Dominica Labour Party
 Dominican Republic 4 15 May 2016 17 May 2020 4 15 May 2016 17 May 2020 Dominican Liberation Party
 Ecuador 4 19 February 2017 February 2021 4 19 February 2017 February 2021 PAIS Alliance
 El Salvador 3 4 March 2018 March 2021 5 3 February 2019 2024 National Liberation
 Falkland Islands 4 9 November 2017 November 2021 N/A Non-partisan Coalition
 Grenada 5 13 March 2018 March 2023 N/A New National Party
 Guatemala 4 16 June 2019 2023 4 16 June 2019 2023 Renewed Democratic Liberty
 Guyana 5 11 May 2015 2019
 Haiti 4 20 November 2016 27 October 2019 5 20 November 2016 2021
 Honduras 4 26 November 2017 November 2021 4 26 November 2017 November 2021 National
 Jamaica 5 25 February 2016 February 2021 N/A Jamaica Labour Party
 Mexico 3 1 July 2018 July 2021 6 1 July 2018 2024 Violence, Drug War MORENA
 Nicaragua 5 6 November 2016 November 2021 5 6 November 2016 2021 Sandinista
 Panama 5 5 May 2019 May 2024 5 5 May 2019 2024 Democratic Revolutionary Party/Coal.
 Paraguay 5 22 April 2018 April 2023 Colorado
 Peru 5 10 April 2016 April 2021 5 10 April 2016 2021 Gana Perú
 Puerto Rico 4 8 November 2016 November 2020 4 8 November 2016 November 2020 New Progressive Party
 Saint Kitts and Nevis 5 16 February 2015 February 2020 N/A
 Saint Lucia 5 6 June 2016 June 2021 N/A United Workers Party
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 5 9 December 2015 December 2020 N/A Unity Labour Party
 Suriname 5 25 May 2015 May 2020 National Democratic Party
 Trinidad and Tobago 5 7 September 2015 September 2020 People's National Movement
 United States 2 6 November 2018 3 November 2020 4 8 November 2016 3 November 2020 Republican
 Uruguay 5 26 October 2014 27 October 2019 5 26 October 2014 27 October 2019 Broad Front
 Venezuela 5 6 December 2015 December 2020 6 20 May 2018 2024 Political suppression United Socialist Party

Asia[edit]

Country Parliamentary election Presidential election Fairness In power now
Term Last election Next election Term Last election Next election
 Afghanistan 5 20 October 2018 2023 5 5 April 2014 28 September 2019
 Bahrain 4 22 November 2018 November 2022 N/A
 Bangladesh 5 30 December 2018 December 2023 Awami League
 Bhutan 5 15 September 2018 September 2023 N/A
 Burma 5 8 November 2015 November 2020 National League for Democracy
 Cambodia 5 29 July 2018 July 2023 N/A Cambodian People's Party
 Hong Kong 4 4 September 2016 September 2020 Pro-Beijing camp
 India 5 11 April 2019 April 2024 5 17 July 2017 July 2022 BJP
 Indonesia 5 17 April 2019 April 2024 5 17 April 2019 April 2024 Voter suppression PDI-P
 Iran 4 26 February 2016 February 2020 4 19 May 2017 2021 Reformists
 Iraq 4 12 May 2018 May 2022 Civil War
 Israel 4 17 September 2019 2023 Coalition: Likud, Kulanu,
The Jewish Home,
United Torah Judaism,
Shas, Yisrael Beitenu
 Japan 4 22 October 2017 October 2021 N/A Liberal Democratic
 Jordan 4 20 September 2016 September 2020 N/A
 Kazakhstan 4 20 March 2016 March 2020 26 April 2015 2020
 Kuwait 4 26 November 2016 October 2020 N/A
 Kyrgyzstan 5 4 October 2015 October 2020 6 15 October 2017
 Laos 5 20 March 2016 March 2021 Lao People's Revolutionary Party
 Lebanon 4 6 May 2018 May 2022
 Malaysia 5 9 May 2018 May 2023 N/A Alleged fraud Pakatan Harapan
 Maldives 5 6 April 2019 April 2024 5 23 September 2018 2023
 Mongolia 4 29 June 2016 June 2020 4 26 June 2017 June 2021 Democrats
   Nepal 5 26 November 2017 November 2022 5 13 March 2018 March 2023 Communist / Coal.
 North Korea 5 10 March 2019 2024 One candidate per seat,
chosen by the governing party.
Multi-party elections with one main alliance under the Democratic Front for the Reunification of the Fatherland, which represent socialist parties under an united front.
WPK
 Oman 4 25 October 2015 October 2019 N/A Absolute monarchy.
Elections to a Consultative Assembly only.
Political parties are prohibited.
(no political parties;
no responsible government)
 Pakistan 5 25 July 2018 July 2023 Violence, alleged tampering Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf
 Palestinian Territory 25 January 2006 9 January 2005
 Philippines 3 13 May 2019 May 2022 6 9 May 2016 May 2022 Violence, voter suppression Liberal
 Singapore 5 11 September 2015 September 2020 6 13 September 2017 2023 PAP
 South Korea 4 13 April 2016 15 April 2020 5 9 May 2017 2022 Democratic Party of Korea
 Sri Lanka 6 17 August 2015 August 2021 5 8 January 2015 2019 National Unity Government (UNP and UPFA)
 Syria 4 13 April 2016 April 2020 7 3 June 2014 2021 Civil War
 Taiwan 4 16 January 2016 11 January 2020 4 16 January 2016 11 January 2020 DPP
 Tajikistan 5 1 March 2015 March 2020 7 6 November 2013 2020
 Thailand 4 24 March 2019 March 2023 N/A Military interference NCPO
 East Timor 5 12 May 2018 July 2023 5 20 March 2017 2022}
 Turkey 5 24 June 2018 June 2023 5 24 June 2018 2023 Political suppression,[8] voter fraud,[9]
military interference[10]
AKP
 Turkmenistan 5 25 March 2018 March 2023 7 12 February 2017 2024
 Uzbekistan 5 21 December 2014 December 2019 5 4 December 2016 2021
 Vietnam 5 22 May 2016 May 2021 5 Communist Party of Vietnam
 Yemen 6 27 April 2003 21 February 2012 Yemeni Crisis, Civil War
  •  Brunei,  China,  Qatar,  Saudi Arabia, and  United Arab Emirates do not hold general elections

Europe[edit]

Country Parliamentary election Presidential election Fairness In power now Status of executive party(s) in legislature
Term Last election Next election Term Last election Next election
 Andorra 4 7 April 2019 April 2023 N/A
 Armenia 5 9 December 2018 April 2022 5 2 March 2018 2025 RPA, ARF Majority Coalition
 Austria 5 15 October 2017 29 September 2019 6 24 April 2016 2022 Bierlein government Transitional government
 Azerbaijan 5 21 November 2015 November 2020 5 11 April 2018 2025
 Belarus 4 11 September 2016 17 November 2019 4 11 October 2015 2020 Disputed
 Belgium 5 26 May 2019 2024 N/A MR, CD&V, Open VLD Minority Coalition
 Bosnia and Herzegovina 4 7 October 2018 October 2022 Multiple
 Bulgaria 4 26 March 2017 March 2021 4 6 November 2016 2021 GERB, Reformist Bloc Minority Coalition; confidence from Patriotic Front
 Croatia 4 11 September 2016 December 2020 5 28 December 2014 2020 HDZ, HNS − LD Minority Coalition; confidence from 16 other MPs
 Cyprus 5 22 May 2016 May 2020 5 28 January 2018 2023 Democratic Rally
 Czech Republic 4 20 October 2017 October 2021 5 12 January 2018 2023 ANO 2011 ANO 2011Czech Social Democratic Party Minority + support of Communist Party of Bohemia and Moravia
 Denmark 4 17 June 2019 2023 N/A Social Democrats Minority government with support from Red–Green Alliance, the Socialist People's Party, the Social Liberal Party, the Greenlandic Inuit Ataqatigiit and Siumut, and the Faroese Social Democratic Party
 Estonia 4 3 March 2019 5 March 2023 3 October 2016 Estonian Centre Party, SDE, IRL Majority Coalition
 Finland 4 14 April 2019 April 2023 6 28 January 2018 January 2024 Centre Party, Finns Party, National Coalition Party Majority Coalition
 France 5 11 June 2017 June 2022 5 23 April 2017 April 2022 Emmanuel Macron

En Marche!

Majority
 Georgia 4 8 October 2016 October 2020 6 (5 after 2024 elections) 28 October 2018 2024 Georgian Dream Majority
 Germany 4 24 September 2017 August 2021 CDU/CSU, SPD Majority Coalition
 Gibraltar 4 26 November 2015 17 October 2019 N/A GSLP/Liberal Alliance Majority
 Greece 4 7 July 2019 2023 ND Majority
 Hungary 4 8 April 2018 April 2022 Fidesz, KDNP Majority Coalition
 Iceland 4 28 October 2017 23 October 2021 4 25 June 2016 2020 Progressive Party, Independence Party Majority Coalition
 Ireland 5 26 February 2016 10 April 2021 7 26 October 2018 October 2025 Fine Gael, Independents Minority Coalition; confidence from Fianna Fáil
 Italy 5 4 March 2018 28 May 2023 29 January 2015 Five Star Movement, Lega Nord Majority Coalition
 Kosovo 4 11 June 2017 6 October 2021 5 26 February 2016 2021
 Latvia 4 26 October 2018 1 October 2022 4 29 May 2019 2023 Unity, ZZS, NA Majority Coalition
 Lithuania 4 9 October 2016 October 2020 5 12 May 2019 2024 Peasants Minority Government
 Luxembourg 5 14 October 2018 October 2023 N/A DP, LSAP, DG Majority Coalition
 North Macedonia 4 11 December 2016 December 2020 5 21 April 2019 2024 VMRO-DPMNE and Democratic Union for Integration Majority coalition
 Malta 5 3 June 2017 June 2022 Labour Majority
 Monaco 5 11 February 2018 February 2023 N/A
 Moldova 4 24 February 2019 2024 4 30 October 2016 2020 Liberal Democratic
 Montenegro 4 16 October 2016 October 2020 5 15 April 2018 2023 Dominant-party system
 Netherlands 4 15 March 2017 March 2021 N/A VVD, CDA, D66, CU Majority Coalition
 Norway 4 11 September 2017 September 2021 N/A Conservative, Progress, Venstre Minority Coalition; confidence from KrF
 Poland 4 25 October 2015 13 October 2019 5 10 May 2015 April 2020 Andrzej Duda

PiS

Majority
 Portugal 4 4 October 2015 6 October 2019 5 24 January 2016 January 2021 PS Minority; confidence from BE, PCP, PEV
 Romania 4 11 December 2016 December 2020 5 2 November 2014 November 2019 PSD, ALDE Majority coalition, although it is supported by UDMR.
 Russia 5 18 September 2016 September 2021 6 18 March 2018 March 2024 Disputed Vladimir Putin,

United Russia

Majority
 San Marino 5 20 November 2016 November 2021
 Serbia 5 24 April 2016 April 2020 5 2 April 2017 2022 SNS Majority
 Slovakia 4 5 March 2016 March 2020 5 16 March 2019 2024 Direction – Social Democracy Coalition with SNS and Most–Híd
 Slovenia 4 3 June 2018 June 2022 5 22 October 2017 2022 Party of modern centre SMC/Social Democrat
 Spain 4 28 April 2019 10 November 2019 N/A Spanish Socialist Workers' Party Minority Coalition; confidence from Podemos
 Sweden 4 9 September 2018 11 September 2022 N/A Social Democratic/Green Party Minority Coalition; confidence from the Center Party and the Liberals
  Switzerland 4 18 October 2015 20 October 2019 see Swiss Federal Council
 Ukraine 5 21 July 2019 2024 5 31 March 2019 2024 Disputed, Dominant-party system Servant of the People Majority
 United Kingdom 5 8 June 2017 May 2022 N/A Conservative Minority (Confidence and supply arrangement with the DUP)
 European Union 5 23 May 2019 May 2024 N/A EPP, S&D, ALDE (informal alliance in the EP)

Oceania[edit]

Country Parliamentary election Presidential election Fairness In power now
Term Last election Next election Term Last election Next election
 Australia 3 18 May 2019 2022 N/A Liberal/National
 Cook Islands 4 14 June 2018 April 2022 Cook Islands Party
 Federated States of Micronesia 2 5 March 2019 March 2021
 Fiji 4 14 November 2018 November 2022 FijiFirst
 Kiribati 4 30 December 2015 December 2019 9 March 2016 awaiting results
 Marshall Islands 4 16 November 2015 18 November 2019
 Nauru 3 24 August 2019 2021 (no political parties)
 New Zealand 3 23 September 2017 September 2020 N/A Labour/NZ First/Greens
 Niue 3 6 May 2017 May 2020 N/A (no political parties)
 Palau 4 1 November 2016 November 2020 4 1 November 2016 2020
 Papua New Guinea 5 24 June 2017 July 2022 N/A PNCP
 Samoa 5 4 March 2016 March 2021 HRPP
 Solomon Islands 4 3 April 2019 April 2023 N/A broad coalition
 Tonga 4 16 November 2017 November 2021 (non-partisan)
 Tuvalu 4 9 September 2019 2023 N/A (no political parties)
 Vanuatu 4 22 January 2016 January 2020 broad coalition

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ In Germany, where there are elections every 4 years, the Federal Constitutional Court has held that five years is the limit that is compatible with living in a democratic society.
  2. ^ Universal Declaration of Human Rights, article 21.
  3. ^ UDHR, article 20.
  4. ^ UDHR article 19
  5. ^ OSCE, Election Observation Handbook (6th edn 2010) 18–22, 31, 37 and Annex A
  6. ^ "Seychelles Ruling Party Changes Name Ahead of 2020 Elections". Bloomberg. Retrieved 3 August 2019.
  7. ^ "Parti Lepep, seeking platform of unity, changes name to United Seychelles". Seychelles News Agency. 25 November 2018.
  8. ^ "Armed Conflict During Election Works in Urfa". Bianet – Bagimsiz Iletisim Agi. Retrieved 17 June 2018.
  9. ^ Jones, Dorian. "Erdogan Stokes Vote-Rigging Fears". VOA. Retrieved 17 June 2018.
  10. ^ "Former President Gül confirms Turkey's top soldier visited him". Hürriyet Daily News. Retrieved 17 June 2018.

External links[edit]