List of next general elections

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

This is a list of the next general elections around the world in democratic polities. The general elections listed are for the government of each jurisdiction. These elections determine the Prime Minister and makeup of the legislature in a parliamentary democracy, or the president and then the legislature in a system where separate votes are taken for different tiers of government.

In most jurisdictions, general elections are held between every three to five years,[1] with presidential elections sometimes attaining 6 (Mexico, Russia since a 2008 amendment) or 7 years (France's septennat until 2000).

A country's constitution may give elections a fixed timing (i.e. United States, Switzerland, Sweden), while some allow the government to dissolve Parliament and call a new vote up to a certain time limit (United Kingdom, Israel, Japan). Some constitutions may require Parliaments to elect the Head of State under threat of dissolution (Greece). In most countries the election for the representative assembly determines the government.

All countries in the Americas which directly elect their President, hold the Presidential and the legislative election at the same time. However, most countries in Europe split these elections and schedule them at different times.

International standards set a number of rules to judge whether the election is unfair. Some countries hold staged elections, but in most the election's outcome is the result of organized influence, as per social choice theory. Human rights violations include "compromise of the right to participate in government through free elections",[2] the right to freedom of association,[3] or the right to free expression.[4] Elections may also be unfair if unlawful political campaign financing favours particular interest groups, or if the law implicitly favors some through this means. Last but not least, media ownership may also create significant media bias.[5]

List of next elections[edit]

Africa[edit]

Country Next election Polls Term Legis. vote
(if different)
Last election Fairness Pop.
(m)
GDP
($bn)
IHDI In power now
 Algeria November 2017 4 years May 2012 April 2014 37.9 207 no data
 Angola August 2012 .285
 Burkina Faso December 2012 November 2010 .226
 Benin April 2011 March 2011 .280
 Botswana 5 years October 2014 2.0 18 no data
 Burundi no data
 Cameroon 7 years Movable October 2011 20.5 25 .330 People's Movement
 Cape Verde no data
 Central African Republic .209
 Chad .203
 Comoros no data
 Democratic Republic of the Congo .183
 Djibouti .285
 Egypt 2015 4 years May 2012 Coup, violence 84.5 264 .503
 Equatorial Guinea no data
 Ethiopia .269
 Gabon .550
 Gambia no data
 Ghana August 2016 4 years December 2012 24.2 42 .379 New Democrat
 Guinea .217
 Guinea-Bissau .213
 Ivory Coast .265
 Kenya August 2018 5 years Same time March 2013 Violence, ICC crime 44.3 41 .344 National
 Lesotho May 2016 4 years May 2012 2.0 3 .296 Democratic Congress
 Liberia .251
 Libya 4 years June 2014 Recent civil war 6.2 79 no data National Forces Alliance
 Madagascar .335
 Malawi 5 years May 2014 16.4 4 .287
 Mali no data
 Mauritania .306
 Mauritius .639
 Morocco November 2015 4 years November 2011 Political suppression 32.8 107 .415
 Mozambique 5 years October 2014 23.9 15 .220
 Namibia 4 years November 2014 2.1 12 .344
 Niger .200
 Nigeria 2019 4 years 2019 April 2015 Violence 170.1 268 .276 APC
 Republic of the Congo .368
 Rwanda August 2017 5 years Mid term, September 2013 August 2010 Violence, fraud 12.0 8 .287 Patriotic Front
 São Tomé and Príncipe .358
 Senegal .315
 Seychelles no data
 Sierra Leone November 2017 5 years November 2012 6.1 4 .210 All People's Congress
 South Africa 5 years[6] April 2014 52.9 375 no data ANC
 Sudan no data
 Swaziland 2018 5 years September 2013 Absolute monarchy. Parliament has very limited powers. Political parties are prohibited. (no political parties; no responsible government)
 Tanzania October 2015 5 years October 2010 44.9 29 .346 CCM
 Togo .305
 Tunisia 2019/2019 5 years 2014/2014 10.9 82 .721 Coalition: Nidaa Tounes, Ennahda Movement, Free Patriotic Union, Afek Tounes
 Uganda February 2016 5 years February 2011 35.8 21 .304 National Resist.
 Zambia September 2016 4 years September 2011 14.3 20 .283 Patriotic
 Zimbabwe July 2018 4 years July 2013 Fraud, voter suppression 12.6 11 .284 Zanu-PF
  •  Somalia does not currently hold general elections
  •  Eritrea and  South Sudan have not held general elections since independence in 1991 and 2011, respectively.

Americas[edit]

Country Next election Polls Term Legis. vote
(if different)
Last election Fairness Pop.
(m)
GDP
($bn)
IHDI In power now
 Antigua and Barbuda no data
 Argentina October 2019 4 years Same time October 2015 40.1 448 .653 Cambiemos
 Bahamas .658 [7]
 Barbados no data
 Belize November 2015[8] 5 years[9] Same time March 2012 .312 1 no data United Democratic Party
 Bolivia October 2019 5 years Same time October 2014 10.5 59 .444 Movement for Socialism
 Bermuda before December 2017 5 years December 2012 0.06 5.5 no data One Bermuda Alliance
 Brazil October 2018 4 years[10] Same time October 2014 193.9 2,476 .531 Workers' Party
 Canada 2019 Polls 4 years[11] October 2015 35.1 1,736 .832 Liberal
 Chile November 2017 Polls 4 years Same time November 2013 16.6 248 .664 New Majority
 Colombia 4 years Same time May 2014 47.2 333 .519 Social Party
 Costa Rica 4 years Same time February 2014 4.6 41 .606 National Liberation
 Cuba no data
 Dominica no data
 Dominican Republic May 2016 4 years Same time (1st since 1994) May 2012 9.4 98.7 .510 Dominican Liberation Party
 Ecuador February 2017 4 years Same time February 2013 15.5 66 .537 PAIS Alliance
 El Salvador February 2019 5 years 3 years March 2014 6.1 23 .499 National Liberation
 Falkland Islands November 2017 4 years November 2013 .0026 .1645 .874 Non-partisan Coalition
 Grenada 5 years no data
 Guatemala September 2015 4 years Same time September 2011 15.4 46 .389 Patriotic
 Guyana .514
 Haiti .273
 Honduras 4 years Same time November 2013 8.3 17 .458 National
 Jamaica .591
 Mexico July 2018 6 years 3 yr, July 2015 July 2012 117.4 1,155 .593 PRI
 Nicaragua November 2016 5 years Same time November 2011 6.0 7 .434 Sandinista
 Panama 5 years Same time May 2014 3.4 30 .588 Democratic Change/Coal.
 Paraguay April 2013 .505 [7] Colorado
 Peru April 2016 5 years Same time April 2011 30.4 180 .561 Gana Perú
 Puerto Rico November 2016 4 years Same time November 2012 3.7 102 0.905 Popular Democratic Party
 Saint Kitts and Nevis no data
 Saint Lucia no data
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines no data
 Suriname .526
 Trinidad and Tobago September 2020 5 years Same time 7 September 2015 Very Fair 1.3 43.4 .640 People's National Movement
 United States November 2016 4 years[12] Same time November 2012 316.4 14,991 .821 Democratic
 Uruguay 5 years Same time October 2014 3.3 46 .662 Broad Front
 Venezuela December 2018 6 years Mid-term April 2013 28.9 315 .549 United Socialist

Asia[edit]

Country Next election Polls Term Legis. vote
(if different)
Last election Fairness Pop.
(m)
GDP
($bn)
IHDI In power now
 Afghanistan no data
 Bahrain no data
 Bangladesh 4 years January 2014 150.1 122 .374 Awami League
 Bhutan .430
 Burma no data
 Cambodia .402
 Hong Kong September 2016 4 years September 2012 7.1 243 no data Pro-Beijing camp
 India May 2019 Polls 5 years[13] May 2014 1,232.7 1,897 .392 BJP
 Indonesia 2019 Polls 5 years 3 months earlier July 2014 Voter suppression 237 946 .514 PDI-P
 Iran March 2016 4 years June 2013 77.3 551 no data Reformists
 Iraq 4 years March 2014 Civil war 31.1 150 no data
 Israel February 2019 Polls 4 years March 2015 8.0 240 .790[14] Likud
 Japan Polls 4 years December 2014 126.6 5,150 no data Liberal Democratic
 Jordan .568
 Kazakhstan no data
 Kuwait no data
 Kyrgyzstan .516
 Laos .409
 Lebanon .575
 Malaysia August 2018 5 years May 2013 Alleged fraud 28.3 240 no data BN
 Maldives .515
 Mongolia June 2017 4 years Year before June 2013 2.8 10 .568 Democrats
   Nepal 5 years November 2013 26.5 20 .304 Communist/Coal.
 North Korea 2019 5 years March 2014 One candidate per seat, chosen by the governing party. No democratic choice. Widespread intimidation. WPK
 Oman 2015 4 years October 2011 Absolute monarchy. Elections to a Consultative Assembly only. Political parties are prohibited. (no political parties; no responsible government)
 Pakistan May 2018 5 years May 2013 Violence 182.5 230 .356 Muslim League
 Palestine no data
 Philippines May 2016 6 years 3 years May 2010 Violence, vote suppr. 98.2 284 .524 Liberal
 Singapore 2020 5 years May 2015 5.3 270 no data PAP
 South Korea April 2016 4 years April 2012 50.0 1,259 .758 Saenuri Party
 Sri Lanka January 2020 5 years August 2015 January 2015 20.2 65 .643 National Unity Government (UNP and UPFA)
 Syria .515
 Taiwan January 2016 4 years Same time January 2012 23.3 473 no data KMT
 Tajikistan .507
 Thailand 2016 4 years July 2011 Military interference, fraud 66.7 425 .543 Military junta
 Timor-Leste .386
 Turkmenistan no data
 Uzbekistan .551
 Vietnam .531
 Yemen .310

Europe[edit]

Country Type of Government - de jure Next general election:

(Legislative if Presidential system)

Polls Term Next election:

Presidential

(if an executive Presidency)

Last election Fairness Pop. (m) GDP ($bn) IHDI Party(s) in executive cabinet

(or individual if President)

Status of executive party(s) in legislature
 Andorra Parliamentary constitutional diarchy 2019 4 Years March 2015
 Armenia Semi-presidential republic May 2017 5 years February 2013 Protests 3.3 10 .649 RPA
 Austria Semi-presidential republic (de facto parliamentary republic) 2018 5 years 2016 September 2013 8.5 418 .837 SPÖ, ÖVP Majority Coalition
 Azerbaijan Semi-presidential republic 2018 5 years November 2015 October 2013
 Belarus Presidential republic 2020 5 years 2016 September 2012
 Belgium Parliamentary constitutional monarchy May 2019 5 years 25 May 2014 11.2 514 .825 N-VA, MR, CD&V,Open VLD Majority Coalition
 Bosnia and Herzegovina Parliamentary republic October 2018 4 years October 2014 3.8 17 .650 Multiple
 Bulgaria Parliamentary republic 4 years 5 October 2014 Protests 6.9 51 .704 GERB, Reformist Bloc, ABV Minority Coalition; confidence from Patriotic Front
 Croatia Parliamentary republic 2020 Polls 5 years November 2015 4.2 64 .683
 Cyprus Presidential republic February 2018 5 years Mid term February 2013 1.1 23 .751 Democratic Rally
 Czech Republic Parliamentary republic October 2017 Polls 4 years October 2013 10.5 214 .826 Civic Democratic Party, Christian and Democratic Union – Czechoslovak People's Party, ANO 2011 Majority Coalition
 Denmark Parliamentary constitutional monarchy Polls 4 years June 2015 5.6 332 .845 Venstre, Danmarks Liberale Parti Minority; confidence from DF, Liberal Alliance, DKF
 Estonia Parliamentary republic March 2019 Polls 4 years March 2015 1.3 21 .770 Estonian Reform Party, SDE, IRL Majority Coalition
 Finland Parliamentary republic April 2019 Polls 4 years April 2015 5.4 263 .839 Centre Party, Finns Party, National Coalition Party Majority Coalition
 France Semi-presidential republic April 2017 Polls 5 years Same time April 2012 65.7 2,775 .812 François Hollande

PS, PRG

Majority
 Georgia Semi-residential republic
 Germany Parliamentary republic September 2017 Polls 4 years[15] September 2013 80.4 3,604 .856 CDU/CSU, SPD Majority Coalition
 Greece Parliamentary republic October 2019 4 years September 2015 10.8 299 .760 SYRIZA, ANEL Majority Coalition
 Hungary Parliamentary republic April 2018 4 years April 2014 9.9 138 .769 Fidesz, KDNP Majority Coalition
 Iceland Parliamentary republic April 2017 4 years April 2013 0.3 13 .848 Progressive Party, Independence Party Majority Coalition
 Ireland Parliamentary republic April 2021 Polls 5 years[16] February 2016 4.6 221 .850 Fine Gael, Labour Majority Coalition
 Italy Parliamentary republic February 2018 Polls 5 years February 2013 59.7 2,195 .776 PD, AP, PI, SC,Independents Majority Coalition
 Kosovo Parliamentary republic
 Latvia Parliamentary republic 4 years October 2014 2.0 28 .726 Unity, ZZS, NA Majority Coalition
 Lithuania Parliamentary republic October 2016 4 years October 2012 2.9 42 .727 LSDP, DP, TT Majority Coalition
 Luxembourg Parliamentary constitutional monarchy October 2017 4 years October 2013 .537 42 .813 DP, LSAP, DG Majority Coalition
 Macedonia Parliamentary republic April 2016 April 2014 VMRO-DPMNE and Democratic Union for Integration coalition
 Malta Parliamentary republic June 2018 5 years March 2013 .452 9 .778 Labour Majority
 Monaco Parliamentary constitutional monarchy
 Moldova Parliamentary republic Polls 4 years Nov 2014 3.6 7 .660 Liberal Democratic
 Montenegro Presidential republic October 2016 Polls 4 years October 2012
 Netherlands Parliamentary constitutional monarchy March 2017 Polls 4 years September 2012 16.8 836 .857 VVD/PvdA
 Norway Parliamentary constitutional monarchy September 2017 Polls 4 years September 2013 5.0 483 .894 Conservative, Progress MInority Coalition; confidence from KrF, Venstre
 Poland Parliamentary republic October 2015 5 years May 2015 October 2010 38.5 514 .740 PiS Majority
 Portugal Semi-presidential republic 4 years October 2015 10.6 237 .729 PS Minority; confidence from BE, PCP, PEV
 Romania Semi-presidential republic December 2016 4 years December 2012 20.1 187 .687
 Russia Semi-presidential republic 6 years March 2018 March 2012 Disputed 143.4 1,858 .670[7] Vladimir Putin,

United Russia

Majority
 San Marino
 Serbia Parliamentary republic May 2017 5 years 4 years May 2012 7.1 53 .696 SNS Majority
 Slovakia Parliamentary republic March 2016 4 years March 2014 March 2012 5.4 91 .788 Social Democrat
 Slovenia Parliamentary republic 4 years July 2014 2.1 45 .840 Positive Slovenia/Social Democrat
 Spain Parliamentary constitutional monarchy December 2015 Polls 4 years[17] November 2011 46.7 1,478 .796 TBD
 Sweden Parliamentary constitutional monarchy September 2018 Polls 4 years September 2014 9.6 539 .859 Social Democratic/Green Minority Coalition; confidence from the Alliance

(see 2014 Swedish government crisis)

  Switzerland October 2019 4 years October 2015 8.0 632 .849 see Swiss Federal Council
 Turkey Parliamentary republic November 2019 4 years November 2015 75.6 774 .542 AKP
 Ukraine Semi-presidential republic 5 years May 2014 44.8 180 .672 Batkivshchyna/UDAR
 United Kingdom Parliamentary constitutional monarchy May 2020 Polls 5 years[18] May 2015 63.7 2,429 .802 Conservative Majority
 European Union 2019 5 years May 2014 507.9 17,577 no data EPP, S&D, ALDE (informal alliance in the EP)

Oceania[edit]

Country Next election Polls Term Presidential vote (if different) Last election Fairness Pop. (m) GDP ($bn) IHDI In power now
 Australia 2 July 2016 Polls 3 years[19] 7 September 2013 24.1 1,620 .858 Liberal/National
 Cook Islands 2018 4 years July 2014 Cook Islands Party
 Federated States of Micronesia
 Fiji 2018 4 years September 2014 FijiFirst
 Kiribati 2019 or 2020 4 years March 2016 Dec. 2015-Jan. 2016 awaiting results
 Marshall Islands
 Nauru 2016 3 years June 2013 (no political parties)
 New Zealand 2017 Polls 3 years September 2014 4.3 161 no data National
 Niue 2017 3 years April 2014 (no political parties)
 Palau
 Papua New Guinea July 2016 4 years July 2012 7.1 13 no data PNCP
 Samoa 2016 5 years March 2011 HRPP
 Solomon Islands 4 years 19 November 2014 broad coalition
 Tonga 4 years 25 November 2014 (non-partisan)
 Tuvalu 4 years 2015 (no political parties)
 Vanuatu 2020 4 years January 2016 broad coalition

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ nb in Germany where there are elections every 4 years, the Federal Constitutional Court has held that five years is the limit that is compatible with living in a democratic society.
  2. ^ Universal Declaration of Human Rights article 21
  3. ^ UDHR article 20
  4. ^ UDHR article 19
  5. ^ OSCE, Election Observation Handbook (6th edn 2010) 18-22, 31, 37 and Annex A
  6. ^ South African Constitution
  7. ^ a b c 2011 data, as country missing from 2013 UN report.
  8. ^ Trujillo, Renee. "Prime Minister Announces Date for General Elections", LOVE FM, 28 September 2015. (accessed 29 September 2015)
  9. ^ Constitution of Belize
  10. ^ Brazilian Constitution
  11. ^ Canada Elections Act 2000
  12. ^ US Constitution
  13. ^ Constitution of India art 83
  14. ^ .
  15. ^ Grundgesetz art 39, between 46 and 48 months after the last election
  16. ^ Electoral (Amendment) Act 1927 s 7
  17. ^ Spanish Constitution of 1978 art 68
  18. ^ Parliament Act 1911 and Fixed-term Parliaments Act 2011. A government could collapse at an earlier date, triggering an election.
  19. ^ Australian Constitution

External links[edit]