List of next general elections

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This is a list of the next general elections around the world in democratic polities. The general elections listed are for the government of each jurisdiction. These elections determine the Prime Minister and makeup of the legislature in a parliamentary democracy, or the president and then the legislature in a system where separate votes are taken for different tiers of government.

In most jurisdictions, general elections are held between every three to five years,[1] with presidential elections sometimes attaining 6 (Mexico, Russia since a 2008 amendment) or 7 years (France's septennat until 2000).

A country's constitution may give elections a fixed timing (i.e. United States, Switzerland, Sweden), while some allow the government to dissolve Parliament and call a new vote up to a certain time limit (United Kingdom, Israel, Japan). Some constitutions may require Parliaments to elect the Head of State under threat of dissolution (Greece). In most countries the election for the representative assembly determines the government.

All countries in the Americas which directly elect their President, hold the Presidential and the legislative election at the same time. However, most countries in Europe split these elections and schedule them at different times.

International standards set a number of rules to judge whether the election is unfair. Some countries hold staged elections, but in most the election's outcome is the result of organized influence, as per social choice theory. Human rights violations include "compromise of the right to participate in government through free elections",[2] the right to freedom of association,[3] or the right to free expression.[4] Elections may also be unfair if unlawful political campaign financing favours particular interest groups, or if the law implicitly favors some through this means. Last but not least, media ownership may also create significant media bias.[5]

The National Democratic Institute also maintains a calendar of general elections.

List of next elections[edit]

Africa[edit]

Country Parliamentary election Presidential election Fairness Pop.
(m)
GDP
($bn)
IHDI In power now
Term Last election Next election Term Last election Next election
 Algeria 5 years May 2017 2022 5 years April 2014 2019 37.9 207 no data National Liberation Front
 Angola 5 years August 2017 2022 Dominant-party system 25.8 98.8 .335 MPLA
 Burkina Faso 5 years November 2015 2020 5 years November 2015 2020 16.9 11.6 .261 People's Movement for Progress
 Benin 5 years April 2015 2020 March 2016 10.3 8.3 .300 Cowry Forces
 Botswana 5 years October 2014 2019 2.0 18 .431 BDP
 Burundi 5 years June 2015 2020 5 years July 2015 2020 10.2 2.7 .269 CNDD-FDD
 Cameroon September 2013 7 years October 2011 October 2018 20.5 25 .344 CPDM
 Cape Verde 5 years March 2016 2021 October 2016 0.5 1.9 .519 Movement for Democracy
 Central African Republic 5 years December 2015 2020-21 4.6 1.5 .198 Faustin-Archange Touadéra
 Chad 5 years 2017 5 years April 2016 2021 12.8 13.5 .236 MPS
 Comoros 5 years January 2015 2020 February 2016 0.7 0.6 .268 Renewal of the Comoros
 Democratic Republic of the Congo 5 years November 2011 December 2018 67.5 32.7 .276 PPRD
 Djibouti 5 years February 2018 April 2016 0.9 1.5 .308 Union for the Presidential Majority
 Egypt 4 years October 2015 4 years March 2018 91.5 306 .524 For the Love of Egypt
 Equatorial Guinea 5 years November 2017 7 years April 2016 2023 Dominant-party system 0.8 15.6 no data Democratic Party
 Ethiopia 5 years May 2015 2020 Dominant-party system 94.1 47.5 .312 EPRDF
 Gabon 6 years December 2011 April 2018 7 years August 2016 2023 Dominant-party system 1.7 19.3 .519 Gabonese Democratic Party
 Gambia 5 years April 2017 2022 5 years December 2016 2021 1.8 0.9 no data Gambia Coalition 2016
 Ghana 4 years December 2016 2020 25.9 48.1 .387 New Patriotic Party
 Guinea September 2013 5 years October 2015 2020 11.8 6.1 .261 Rally of the Guinean People
 Guinea-Bissau 5 years April 2014 2019 5 years 1.7 1.0 .254 PAIGC
 Ivory Coast 5 years December 2016 5 years October 2015 October 2020 20.3 31.1 .287 Rally of Houphouëtists
 Kenya 4 years August 2017 Violence, ICC crime 44.4 55.2 .377 Jubilee Alliance
 Lesotho 5 years June 2017 2.1 2.3 .320 Democratic Congress
 Liberia 4 years October 2017 .251 Unity Party
 Libya 4 years June 2014 December 2018 Recent civil war 6.2 79 no data National Forces Alliance
 Madagascar 5 years December 2013 2019 .335
 Malawi 5 years May 2014 2019 16.4 4 .287 Militant Socialist Movement
 Mali 5 years December 2013 November 2018 5 years July 2018 2023 no data Rally for Mali
 Mauritania November 2013 5 years June 2014 2019 .306
 Mauritius 5 years December 2014 2019 .639
 Morocco 4 years October 2016 2020 N/A Political suppression 32.8 107 .415
 Mozambique 5 years October 2014 2019 23.9 15 .220
 Namibia 4 years November 2014 2019 2.1 12 .344
 Niger 2016 .200 Nigerien Party for Democracy and Socialism
 Nigeria 4 years 2015 2019 April 2015 Violence 170.1 268 .276 APC
 Republic of the Congo 5 years July 2017 5 years March 2016 2021 .368
 Rwanda 5 years September 2013 September 2018 7 years August 2017 Violence, fraud 12.0 8 .287 Patriotic Front
 São Tomé and Príncipe October 2014 5 years 2016 2021 .358
 Senegal 7 years July 2012 2019 February 2012 .315
 Seychelles September 2016 December 2015 no data
 Sierra Leone 5 years November 2012 March 2018 6.1 4 .210 All People's Congress
 Somalia 5 years 2016 2019 5 years 2017 2019 14 5.8 no data
 South Africa 5 years[6] April 2014 2019 52.9 375 no data ANC
 Sudan 5 years April 2015 2020 no data National Congress
 Swaziland 5 years September 2013 2018 N/A Absolute monarchy.
Parliament has very limited powers.
Political parties are prohibited.
(no political parties; no responsible government)
 Tanzania 5 years October 2015 2020 44.9 29 .346 CCM
 Togo July 2013 5 years April 2015 2020 .305
 Tunisia 5 years 2014 2019 5 years 2014 2019 10.9 82 .721 Coalition: Nidaa Tounes,
Ennahda Movement,
Free Patriotic Union, Afek Tounes
 Uganda 5 years February 2016 35.8 21 .304 National Resist.
 Zambia 5 years August 2016 2021 14.3 20 .283 Patriotic Front
 Zimbabwe 5 years July 2018 2023 Fraud 12.6 11 .284 Zanu-PF
  •  Eritrea and  South Sudan have not held general elections since independence in 1991 and 2011, respectively.

Americas[edit]

Country Parliamentary election Presidential election Fairness Pop.
(m)
GDP
($bn)
IHDI In power now
Term Last election Next election Term Last election Next election
 Antigua and Barbuda June 2014 2018 N/A no data Antigua Labour Party
 Argentina 2 years October 2017 October 2019 4 years October 2015 October 2019 40.1 448 .653 Cambiemos
 Bahamas 5 years May 2017 2022 N/A .658[7] Progressive Liberal Party
 Barbados May 2018 2023 or earlier N/A no data Barbados Labour Party
 Belize 5 years[8] November 2015 February 2021 N/A .312 1 no data United Democratic Party
 Bolivia 5 years October 2014 October 2019 5 years October 2014 October 2019 10.5 59 .444 Movement for Socialism
 Bermuda 5 years December 2012 May 2018 N/A 0.06 5.5 no data One Bermuda Alliance
 Brazil 4 years[9] October 2014 October 2018 4 years[10] October 2014 October 2018 193.9 2,476 .531 Brazilian Democratic Movement
 Canada 4 years[11] October 2015 2019 N/A 35.1 1,736 .832 Liberal
 Chile 4 years November 2017 2021 4 years November 2017 2021 16.6 248 .664 New Majority
 Colombia 4 years March 2018 4 years June 2018 2022 47.2 333 .519 Social Party
 Costa Rica 4 years February 2018 February 2022 4 years February 2018 February 2022 4.6 41 .606 National Liberation
 Cuba 5 years February 2013 March 2018 no data Communist Party of Cuba
 Dominica 5 years December 2014 2019 no data Dominica Labour Party
 Dominican Republic 4 years 2016 2020 4 years 2016 2020 9.4 98.7 .510 Dominican Liberation Party
 Ecuador 4 years February 2017 February 2021 4 years February 2017 February 2021 15.5 66 .537 PAIS Alliance
 El Salvador 3 years 2015 March 2018 5 years March 2014 February 2019 6.1 23 .499 National Liberation
 Falkland Islands 4 years November 2017 November 2021 N/A .0026 .1645 .874 Non-partisan Coalition
 Grenada 5 years March 2018 N/A no data New National Party
 Guatemala 4 years September 2015 2019 4 years September 2015 2019 15.4 46 .389 Patriotic
 Guyana May 2015 .514
 Haiti 2016-17 November 2016 .273
 Honduras 4 years November 2017 November 2021 4 years November 2017 November 2021 8.3 17 .458 National
 Jamaica February 2016 N/A .591 Jamaica Labour Party
 Mexico 3 years July 2018 July 2021 6 years July 2018 2024 Violence, Drug War 117.4 1,155 .593 PRI
 Nicaragua 5 years November 2016 2021 5 years November 2016 2021 6.0 7 .434 Sandinista
 Panama 5 years May 2014 2019 5 years May 2014 2019 3.4 30 .588 Democratic Change/Coal.
 Paraguay 5 years April 2013 April 2018 .505[7] Colorado
 Peru 5 years April 2016 2021 5 years April 2016 2021 30.4 180 .561 Gana Perú
 Puerto Rico 4 years November 2016 November 2020 4 years November 2016 November 2020 3.7 102 0.905 Partido Nuevo Progresista

New Progressive Party

 Saint Kitts and Nevis February 2015 N/A no data
 Saint Lucia June 2016 N/A no data United Workers Party
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines December 2015 N/A no data Unity Labour Party
 Suriname 5 years May 2015 2020 .526 National Democratic Party
 Trinidad and Tobago 5 years September 2015 September 2020 Very Fair[citation needed] 1.3 43.4 .640 People's National Movement
 United States 2 years[12] November 2016 November 2018 4 years[13] November 2016 November 2020 316.4 14,991 .821 Republican
 Uruguay 5 years October 2014 October 2019 5 years October 2014 October 2019 3.3 46 .662 Broad Front
 Venezuela 5 years 2015 6 years April 2013 May 2018 28.9 315 .549 United Socialist

Asia[edit]

Country Parliamentary election Presidential election Fairness Pop.
(m)
GDP
($bn)
IHDI In power now
Term Last election Next election Term Last election Next election
 Afghanistan 5 years October 2010 July 2018 5 years April 2014 no data
 Bahrain 5 years November 2014 N/A no data
 Bangladesh 5 years January 2014 2019 or earlier 150.1 122 .374 Awami League
 Bhutan 5 years May 2013 November 2018 N/A .430
 Burma 5 years November 2015 2020 no data National League for Democracy
 Cambodia 5 years July 2013 July 2018 N/A .402 Cambodian People's Party
 Hong Kong 4 years September 2016 2020 7.1 243 no data Pro-Beijing camp
 India 5 years[14] April 2014 May 2019 .392 BJP
 Indonesia 5 years April 2014 2019 5 years July 2014 2019 Voter suppression 237 946 .514 PDI-P
 Iran 4 years March 2016 2020 4 years May 2017 2021 77.3 551 no data Reformists
 Iraq 4 years May 2018 2022 Civil War 31.1 150 no data
 Israel 4 years March 2015 2019 8.7 300 .778[15] Coalition: Likud, Kulanu,
The Jewish Home,
United Torah Judaism,
Shas, Yisrael Beitenu
 Japan 4 years October 2017 October 2021 N/A 126.6 5,150 no data Liberal Democratic
 Jordan September 2016 N/A .568
 Kazakhstan 4 years March 2016 2020 April 2015 no data
 Kuwait November 2016 N/A no data
 Kyrgyzstan 5 years October 2015 2020 6 years October 2017 .516
 Laos March 2016 .409 Lao People's Revolutionary Party
 Lebanon 4 years June 2009 2018 .575
 Malaysia 5 years May 2018 May 2023 Alleged fraud 28.3 240 no data Pakatan Harapan
 Maldives 4 years March 2014 2018 5 years November 2013 2018 .515
 Mongolia 4 years 2016 2020 4 years June 2017 June 2021 2.8 10 .568 Democrats
   Nepal 5 years November 2017 26.5 20 .304 Communist/Coal.
 North Korea 5 years March 2014 2019 One candidate per seat,
chosen by the governing party.
No democratic choice.
Widespread intimidation.
WPK
 Oman 4 years October 2015 2019 N/A Absolute monarchy.
Elections to a Consultative Assembly only.
Political parties are prohibited.
(no political parties;
no responsible government)
 Pakistan 5 years July 2018 2023 Violence, alleged tampering 182.5 230 .356 Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf
 Palestine January 2006 January 2005 no data
 Philippines 3 years 2016 2019 6 years May 2016 May 2022 Violence, voter suppression 98.2 284 .524 Liberal
 Singapore 5 years May 2015 2020 6 years September 2017 5.3 270 no data PAP
 South Korea 4 years April 2016 2020 5 years May 2017 2022 50.0 1,259 .758 Democratic Party of Korea
 Sri Lanka 5 years August 2015 5 years January 2015 January 2020 20.2 65 .643 National Unity Government (UNP and UPFA)
 Syria April 2016 7 years June 2014 2021 Civil War .515
 Republic of China (Taiwan) 4 years January 2016 January 2020 4 years January 2016 January 2020 23.3 473 no data DPP
 Tajikistan 5 years March 2015 2020 7 years November 2013 2020 .507
 Thailand 4 years February 2014 November 2018 N/A Military interference, fraud 66.7 425 .543 Military junta
 Timor-Leste 5 years July 2017 2022 5 years March 2017 .386
 Turkey 4 years June 2018 2023 5 years June 2018 2023 Political suppression[16], voter fraud[17],
military interference[18]
75.6 774 .542 AKP
 Turkmenistan March 2018 7 years February 2017 2024 no data
 Uzbekistan December 2014–January 2015 5 years December 2016 2021 .551
 Vietnam 5 years May 2016 2021 .531 Communist Party of Vietnam
 Yemen February 2012 Yemeni Crisis, Civil War .310

Europe[edit]

Country Parliamentary election Presidential election Fairness Pop.
(m)
GDP
($bn)
IHDI In power now Status of executive party(s) in legislature
Term Last election Next election Term Last election Next election
 Andorra 4 Years March 2015 2019 N/A
 Armenia 5 years April 2017 2022 5 years February 2013 March 2018 3.3 10 .649 RPA, ARF Majority Coalition
 Austria 5 years October 2017 2016 8.5 418 .837 ÖVP, FPÖ Majority Coalition
 Azerbaijan 5 years November 2015 5 years October 2013 April 2018
 Belarus 4 years September 2016 2020 4 years October 2015 2020 Disputed
 Belgium 5 years May 2014 May 2019 N/A 11.2 514 .825 N-VA, MR, CD&V, Open VLD Majority Coalition
 Bosnia and Herzegovina 4 years October 2014 October 2018 3.8 17 .650 Multiple
 Bulgaria March 2017 4 years November 2016 2021 6.9 51 .704 GERB, Reformist Bloc Minority Coalition; confidence from Patriotic Front
 Croatia 4 years September 2016 December 2020 5 years 2014–15 2020 4.2 64 .683 HDZ, HNS − LD Minority Coalition; confidence from 16 other MPs
 Cyprus 2016 5 years February 2013 February 2018 1.1 23 .751 Democratic Rally
 Czech Republic 4 years October 2017 2021 5 years January 2018 2023 10.5 214 .826 ANO 2011 ANO 2011 - Czech Social Democratic Party Minority + support of Communist Party of Bohemia and Moravia
 Denmark 4 years June 2015 June 2019 N/A 5.6 332 .845 Venstre, Danmarks Liberale Parti, Liberal Alliance, DKF Minority; confidence from DF
 Estonia 4 years March 2015 March 2019 1.3 21 .770 Estonian Reform Party, SDE, IRL Majority Coalition
 Finland 4 years April 2015 April 2019 6 years January 2018 January 2024 5.4 263 .839 Centre Party, Finns Party, National Coalition Party Majority Coalition
 France 5 years June 2017 2022 5 years April 2017 April 2022 65.7 2,775 .812 Emmanuel Macron

En Marche!

Majority
 Georgia 4 years October 2016 2020 October 2016
 Germany 4 years[19] 2017 2021 80.4 3,604 .856 CDU/CSU, SPD Majority Coalition
 Gibraltar 4 years November 2015 November 2019 N/A .030 1.106 .961 GSLP/Liberal Alliance Majority
 Greece 4 years September 2015 October 2019 10.8 299 .760 SYRIZA, ANEL Majority Coalition
 Hungary 4 years April 2018 April 2022 9.9 138 .769 Fidesz, KDNP Majority Coalition
 Iceland 4 years October 2016 October 2020 4 years June 2016 2020 0.3 13 .848 Progressive Party, Independence Party Majority Coalition
 Ireland 5 years[20] February 2016 April 2021 7 years[21] October 2011 October 2018 4.6 221 .850 Fine Gael, Independents Minority Coalition; confidence from Fianna Fáil
 Italy 5 years 4 March 2018 28 May 2023 60.4 2,195 .776 Five Star Movement, Lega Nord Majority Coalition
 Kosovo 4 years June 2017 2020 February 2016
 Latvia 4 years October 2014 October 2018 or earlier 2.0 28 .726 Unity, ZZS, NA Majority Coalition
 Lithuania 4 years October 2016 2020 5 years May 2014 2019 2.9 42 .727 Peasants Minority Government
 Luxembourg 4 years October 2013 October 2018 .537 42 .813 DP, LSAP, DG Majority Coalition
 Macedonia 4 years December 2016 2019 5 years April 2014 2019 VMRO-DPMNE and Democratic Union for Integration coalition
 Malta 5 years June 2017 2022 .452 9 .778 Labour Majority
 Monaco 5 years February 2018 2023 N/A
 Moldova 4 years Nov 2014 November 2018 4 years October 2016 2020 3.6 7 .660 Liberal Democratic
 Montenegro 4 years October 2016 2018 5 years April 2013 2018 Dominant-party system
 Netherlands 4 years March 2017 March 2021 or earlier N/A 17.1 836 .857 VVD, CDA, D66, CU Majority Coalition
 Norway 4 years September 2017 September 2021 N/A 5.2 483 .894 Conservative, Progress, Venstre Minority Coalition; confidence from KrF
 Poland 4 years October 2015 2019 5 years May 2015 April 2020 38.5 614 .774 Andrzej Duda

PiS

Majority
 Portugal 4 years October 2015 October 2019 5 years January 2016 2021 10.6 237 .729 PS Minority; confidence from BE, PCP, PEV
 Romania 4 years[22] December 2016 March 2021 or earlier 5 years November 2014 2019 20.1 187 .687 PSD, ALDE Majority coalition, although it is supported by UDMR.
 Russia 5 years September 2016 2021 6 years March 2018 March 2024 Disputed 143.4 1,858 .670[7] Vladimir Putin,

United Russia

Majority
 San Marino November 2016
 Serbia 5 years April 2016 2020 5 years May 2017 2022 7.1 53 .696 SNS Majority
 Slovakia 4 years March 2016 2020 5 years March 2014 2019 5.4 91 .788 Direction – Social Democracy Coalition with SNS and Most–Híd
 Slovenia 4 years May 2018 5 years December 2017 2022 2.1 45 .840 Party of modern centre SMC/Social Democrat
 Spain 4 years[23] June 2016 2020 N/A 46.7 1,478 .796 Spanish Socialist Workers' Party Minority Coalition; confidence from Podemos
 Sweden 4 years September 2018 September 2022 N/A 9.6 539 .859 Social Democratic/Green Minority Coalition; confidence from the Alliance

(see 2014 Swedish government crisis)

  Switzerland 4 years October 2015 October 2019 8.0 632 .849 see Swiss Federal Council
 Ukraine 5 years October 2014 2019 5 years May 2014 March 2019 44.8 180 .672 Petro Poroshenko Bloc "Solidarity"/People's Front Majority coalition
 United Kingdom 5 years[24] June 2017 May 2022 N/A 63.7 2,429 .802 Conservative Minority (Confidence and supply arrangement with the DUP)
 European Union 5 years May 2014 May 2019 507.9 17,577 no data EPP, S&D, ALDE (informal alliance in the EP)

Oceania[edit]

Country Parliamentary election Presidential election Fairness Pop.
(m)
GDP
($bn)
IHDI In power now
Term Last election Next election Term Last election Next election
 Australia 3 years[25] July 2016 2019 N/A 24.1 1,620 .858 Liberal/National
 Cook Islands 4 years July 2014 2018 Cook Islands Party
 Federated States of Micronesia 2 years March 2017 March 2019
 Fiji 4 years September 2014 2018 FijiFirst
 Kiribati 4 years December 2015-January 2016 2020 March 2016 awaiting results
 Marshall Islands 4 years November 2015 November 2019
 Nauru 3 years 2016 2019 (no political parties)
 New Zealand 3 years September 2017 September 2020 N/A 4.3 161 no data Labour/NZ First/Greens
 Niue 3 years May 2017 2020 N/A (no political parties)
 Palau 4 years November 2016 November 2020 4 years November 2016 2020
 Papua New Guinea 5 years July 2017 July 2022 N/A 8.1 13 no data PNCP
 Samoa 5 years March 2016 2021 HRPP
 Solomon Islands 4 years November 2014 2018 N/A broad coalition
 Tonga 4 years November 2014 2018 (non-partisan)
 Tuvalu 4 years March 2015 2019 N/A (no political parties)
 Vanuatu 4 years January 2016 2020 broad coalition

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ nb in Germany where there are elections every 4 years, the Federal Constitutional Court has held that five years is the limit that is compatible with living in a democratic society.
  2. ^ Universal Declaration of Human Rights article 21
  3. ^ UDHR article 20
  4. ^ UDHR article 19
  5. ^ OSCE, Election Observation Handbook (6th edn 2010) 18-22, 31, 37 and Annex A
  6. ^ South African Constitution
  7. ^ a b c 2011 data, as country missing from 2013 UN report.
  8. ^ Constitution of Belize
  9. ^ Brazilian Constitution
  10. ^ Brazilian Constitution
  11. ^ Canada Elections Act 2000
  12. ^ US Constitution
  13. ^ US Constitution
  14. ^ Constitution of India art 83
  15. ^ .
  16. ^ "Armed Conflict During Election Works in Urfa". Bianet - Bagimsiz Iletisim Agi. Retrieved 2018-06-17.
  17. ^ Jones, Dorian. "Erdogan Stokes Vote-Rigging Fears". VOA. Retrieved 2018-06-17.
  18. ^ "Former President Gül confirms Turkey's top soldier visited him". Hürriyet Daily News. Retrieved 2018-06-17.
  19. ^ Grundgesetz art 39, between 46 and 48 months after the last election
  20. ^ Electoral (Amendment) Act 1927
  21. ^ http://www.citizensinformation.ie/en/government_in_ireland/elections_and_referenda/national_elections/presidential_election.html
  22. ^ The Constitution of Romania allows, in Article 63, point (2), elections to be held up to 3 months after the expiration of the current term. Thus, an election can be held no later than 51 months after the previous.
  23. ^ Spanish Constitution of 1978 art 68
  24. ^ Parliament Act 1911 and Fixed-term Parliaments Act 2011. A government could collapse or the Prime Minister seek an election and the House of Commons on a two-thirds majority pass a motion for an early election, triggering an election at an earlier date.
  25. ^ Australian Constitution

External links[edit]