List of nicknames of European royalty and nobility: L

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

L[edit]

Regnal Name[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Electronic History Resources, online since 1990". Historical Text Archive. 1956-11-04. Retrieved July 2012.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  2. ^ http://web.genealogie.free.fr/Les_dynasties/Les_dynasties_celebres/Italie/DynastFies_Lombardes.htm[permanent dead link]
  3. ^ The Spear of Destiny: The Occult Power Behind the Spear Which Pierced the ... - Trevor Ravenscroft - Google Books. Retrieved July 2012 – via Google Books.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  4. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2007-03-27. Retrieved 2007-03-14. 
  5. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2007-08-21. Retrieved 2007-02-12. 
  6. ^ "The Lazarevics". Rodoslovlje.com. Retrieved July 2012.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  7. ^ "CARNOT, 'The Great', Lazare-Nicolas-Marguerite". Napoleon.org. Retrieved July 2012.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  8. ^ "Dir Leo I". Roman Emperors. 1998-05-01. Retrieved July 2012.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  9. ^ a b "History of Armenia by Vahan Kurkjian • Chapter 29". Penelope.uchicago.edu. Retrieved July 2012.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  10. ^ "Dir Leo Iii". Roman Emperors. 2000-11-25. Retrieved July 2012.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  11. ^ The New American cyclopaedia: a popular dictionary of general knowledge - Google Books. Retrieved July 2012 – via Google Books.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  12. ^ "'Turkenpoeldel' Leopold I Emperor of Austria". Find a Grave. Retrieved July 2012.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  13. ^ "rodaun.info". rodaun.info. 
  14. ^ a b "Free Online Literature and Study Guides". Bibliomania. Retrieved July 2012.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  15. ^ "Leopold I". Nndb.com. Retrieved July 2012.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  16. ^ "Leopold, I Biography". BookRags.com. 2010-11-02. Retrieved July 2012.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  17. ^ "The Siege of Leipzig, 1745". Baroquemusic.org. Retrieved July 2012.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  18. ^ "The Butcher of Congo". Hartford-hwp.com. Retrieved July 2012.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  19. ^ "St". Augustiniancanons.org. Retrieved July 2012.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  20. ^ http://aeiou.iicm.tugraz.at/aeiou.history.data.jpg/000242.jpg
  21. ^ [1] Archived 2007-03-12 at the Wayback Machine.
  22. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2007-02-05. Retrieved 2007-02-12. 
  23. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2007-02-10. Retrieved 2007-03-10. 
  24. ^ "Documento sin título". Satrapa1.com. Retrieved July 2012.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  25. ^ "Life and History of Napoleon Bonaparte, Emperor of France". History-world.org. Retrieved July 2012.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  26. ^ "Electronic History Resources, online since 1990". Historical Text Archive. 1956-11-04. Retrieved July 2012.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  27. ^ "Biography of Llewelyn ap Iorwerth (Llewelyn the Great)". Britainexpress.com. 2007-09-30. Retrieved July 2012.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  28. ^ "History of Aberglasney in Carmarthenshire, Wales, UK". Aberglasney.org. Retrieved July 2012.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  29. ^ Cawley, Charles (13 February 2012), Vizcaya, Medieval Lands database, Foundation for Medieval Genealogy, retrieved July 2012  Check date values in: |access-date= (help),[self-published source][better source needed]
  30. ^ "National Gallery of Art - Artistic Exchange: Europe and the Islamic World". Nga.gov. Retrieved July 2012.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  31. ^ "Lorenzo de Medici/Lorenzo The Magnificent | Ruler of Florence and Art Patron". Lucidcafe.com. 2012-06-26. Retrieved July 2012.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  32. ^ "The Barons de Braose". Freespace.virgin.net. Archived from the original on 2011-06-29. Retrieved July 2012.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  33. ^ http://home.ica.net/~claus/Lothar.jpg
  34. ^ a b c "Free Online Literature and Study Guides". Bibliomania. Retrieved July 2012.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  35. ^ "History Of The Netherlands - Ch. 4". Oldandsold.com. Retrieved July 2012.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  36. ^ "historischeszinn.com". historischeszinn.com. Archived from the original on 2012-02-06. Retrieved July 2012.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  37. ^ Weisses Bräuhaus G. Schneider & Sohn GmbH. "Loading". Schneider-weisse.de. Retrieved July 2012.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  38. ^ "History of Kelheim in the Altmuehl valley" (in German). Altmuehltal.de. 2012-07-20. Archived from the original on February 6, 2012. Retrieved July 2012.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  39. ^ "The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church - Biographical Dictionary - Consistory of December 22, 1553". Fiu.edu. Retrieved July 2012.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  40. ^ http://www.hungarian-history.hu/lib/timeless/chapter08.htm
  41. ^ Cawley, Charles (12 December 2011), Burgundy Duchy Nobility, Medieval Lands database, Foundation for Medieval Genealogy, retrieved July 2012  Check date values in: |access-date= (help),[self-published source][better source needed]
  42. ^ a b c d Liukkonen, Petri. "Louis II of Bavaria". Books and Writers (kirjasto.sci.fi). Finland: Kuusankoski Public Library. Archived from the original on August 7, 2014. 
  43. ^ "SPRINGER Genealogy to Adam & Eve". Thecolefamily.com. 1991-08-31. Retrieved July 2012.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  44. ^ https://web.archive.org/web/20070312003934/http://www.neuschwanstein.de/english/castle/ludwig/index.htm. Archived from the original on March 12, 2007. Retrieved March 24, 2007.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  45. ^ a b "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2006-12-11. Retrieved 2007-03-14. 
  46. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2006-07-20. Retrieved 2007-03-14. 
  47. ^ PD-icon.svg Herbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). "Hesse". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Newadvent.org. Retrieved July 2012.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  48. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2007-03-17. Retrieved 2007-03-16. 
  49. ^ a b c d e "Free Online Literature and Study Guides". Bibliomania. Retrieved July 2012.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  50. ^ Frey, Albert Romer (1887). Sobriquets and Nicknames. Houghton, Mifflin. pp. 180–. 
  51. ^ "Vorlesung Schmid: Bayern im Spaetmittelalter - 14. und 15. Jahrhundert, Material 17". Uni-regensburg.de. Retrieved July 2012.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  52. ^ "France History, The French Valois Dynasty 1358-1589". Bonjourlafrance.net. Retrieved July 2012.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  53. ^ http://www.tudorplace.com.ar/images/French/LouisXII.jpg[unreliable source]
  54. ^ "Lewis Baboon —". Infoplease.com. Retrieved July 2012.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  55. ^ "Brewer, E. Cobham. Dictionary of Phrase & Fable. Grand (French)". Bartelby.com. Retrieved July 2012.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  56. ^ "Character Sketches of Romance, Fiction and the Drama, Vol. 1". Manybooks.net. Retrieved July 2012.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  57. ^ "Madrid (Spain) - Britannica Online Encyclopedia". Britannica.com. Retrieved July 2012.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  58. ^ "Lifting the lid on royal nicknames (From The Argus)". Archive.theargus.co.uk. 2002-03-04. Archived from the original on 2007-09-29. Retrieved July 2012.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  59. ^ http://www.ewtn.com/library/CHRIST/POPES.TXT
  60. ^ [2]
  61. ^ "Louis de Coutes". Perso.orange.fr. Retrieved July 2012.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  62. ^ "Louis-Alexandre Berthier (1753-1815)". Historyofwar.org. Retrieved July 2012.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  63. ^ "Davout Louis Nicolas, Marshal (1804) Duke of Auerstadt, prince of Eckmühl". Ameliefr.club.fr. Archived from the original on 2009-07-04. Retrieved July 2012.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  64. ^ "Frederick William III : King : Prussian : Napoleonic Wars : Prussia : Napoleon Bonaparte : Auerstadt". Napoleonguide.com. Retrieved July 2012.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  65. ^ "Some of the cast of Invitation to a Funeral". Okima.com. Retrieved July 2012.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  66. ^ http://www.shakespeares-sonnets.com/Images/Lucy02.JPG
  67. ^ PD-icon.svg Herbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). "St. Ludmilla - Ökumenisches Heiligenlexikon". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company. Retrieved July 2012.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  68. ^ "I.4. Borgia Alliances Page 1". Public-domain-content.com. Retrieved July 2012.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  69. ^ https://web.archive.org/web/20071006214554/http://www.rundum-kultur.de/e-reiseangebot.html. Archived from the original on October 6, 2007. Retrieved March 26, 2007.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  70. ^ a b c d e [3][permanent dead link]
  71. ^ "The Invisible Basilica: Ludovicus Rex Bavariae". Hermetic.com. Retrieved July 2012.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  72. ^ Elizabeth Kerri Mahon. "Scandalous Women: Renaissance Women". Scandalouswoman.blogspot.com. Retrieved July 2012.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  73. ^ "Ottoman Empire History Encyclopedia | Bursa | Topkapi Palace | The Balkans | Sarajevo | Bosnia and Herzegovina | Barbarossa | White and Black Eunuchs". Learningpracticalturkish.com. 2008-07-05. Retrieved July 2012.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  74. ^ "Toolserver:Homepage". Answers.com. Retrieved July 2012.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  75. ^ "The Royal House of Moray". Magma.ca. 1998-07-26. Retrieved July 2012.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help) "...Known as Lulach 'the Simple' or 'the Fool', there is evidence to believe that Lulach was mentally retarded or somewhat backward....
  76. ^ Mike Mahoney. "King Lulach of Scotland". Englishmonarchs.co.uk. Retrieved July 2012.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)