List of non-marine molluscs of Brazil

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Location of Brazil

The non-marine molluscs of Brazil are a part of the molluscan fauna of Brazil.

There are at least 1,074[1] native nominal species of non-marine molluscs living in Brazil.

There are at least 956[1] nominal species of gastropods, which breaks down to about 250 species of freshwater gastropods, and about 700[1] species of land gastropods (590 species of snails[2] and approximately 110(?)[citation needed] species of slugs), plus at least 117[1] species of bivalves living in the wild.

There are at least 373 species of freshwater molluscs in Brazil.[1]

The number of native species is at least 1,074[1] and the number of non-indigenous molluscs in Brazil is, at minimum, 32 species.[1] The most serious invasive alien species in Paraná State are the land snail Achatina fulica and the freshwater snail Melanoides tuberculata.[3]

Summary table of number of species
freshwater gastropods about 250
land gastropods about 700 (590 species of snails and 110(?) species of slugs)
gastropods altogether over 950
bivalves at least 117
molluscs altogether 1107
non-indigenous gastropods in the wild  ? freshwater and ? land
non-indigenous synantrop gastropods  ?
non-indigenous bivalves in the wild  ?
non-indigenous synantrop bivalves  ?
non-indigenous molluscs altogether 32

In Rio Grande do Sul, 201 species and subspecies of non-marine mollusks were recorded: 156 gastropods (83 land snails + 18 slugs + 55 freshwater snails) and 45 bivalves.[4]

In Santa Catarina, 158 species and subspecies of non-marine mollusk were recorded: 135 gastropods (103 land gastropods + 32 freshwater snails) and 23 bivalves.[5]

Freshwater gastropods[edit]

The following list of freshwater gastropods is based on the two southernmost states.[4][5]


Marisa cornuarietis is a native Brazilian species which is often kept in aquariums in other countries worldwide.






Biomphalaria glabrata is a medically important species, because it is a host for the parasite Schistosoma mansoni.




Land gastropods[edit]

The listing of land snails is complete for snails based on Saldago (2003).[2] The slug listings are probably incomplete because they are based on list from two southernmost states only.[4][5]

Helicinidae (complete)

Neocyclotidae (complete)

Diplommatinidae (complete)

Vertiginidae (complete)


Valloniidae (complete)

Succineidae (complete)



Charopidae (complete)

Helicodiscidae (complete)

Punctidae (complete)

Zonitidae (complete)






Euconulidae (complete)

Ferussaciidae (complete)


Subulinidae (complete)

Megaspiridae (complete)

Oleacinidae (complete)

Strophocheilidae (complete)

Orthalicidae (complete include subfamilies according to the Bouchet & Rocroi, 2005)

The shell of Corona perversa.
Biotocus turbinatus, synonym Tomigerus turbinatus, that was endemic to Brazil, is now extinct.


Scolodontidae (complete)

Streptaxidae (complete)

Camaenidae (complete)

Pleurodontidae (complete)

Bradybaenidae (complete)

Epiphragmophoridae (complete)

Helicidae (complete)


116 species.

See also[edit]

Lists of molluscs of surrounding countries:


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Simone, L. R. L. 2006. Land and Freshwater Molluscs of Brazil. EGB, Fapesp. São Paulo, Brazil. 390 pp. ISBN 85-906670-0-6. (book review)[page needed]
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj Salgado, Norma Campos; Coelho, Arnaldo C. dos Santos (2003). "Moluscos terrestres do Brasil (Gastrópodes operculados ou não, exclusive Veronicellidae, Milacidae e Limacidae)" [Terrestrial molluscs of Brazil (Gastropoda, operculate or not, exclusive Veronicellidae, Milacidae and Limacidae)]. Revista de Biología Tropical (in Portuguese). 51 (3): 149–89. 
  3. ^ (Portuguese) (2009) PORTARIA No 125, DE 07 DE AGOSTO DE 2009, accessed 7 April 2010.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x Agudo-Padrón A. I. (14 May) 2009. Recent Terrestrial and Freshwater Molluscs of Rio Grande do Sul State, RS, Southern Brazil Region: A Comprehensive Synthesis and Check List. Visaya April 2009, pages 1-13.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Aisur Ignacio Agudo-Padrón (21 July) 2008. Recent Terrestrial And Freshwater Molluscs Of Santa Catarina State, Sc, Southern Brazil Region: A Comprehensive Synthesis And Check List. Visaya April 2009, pages 1-12.
  6. ^ Pastorino G. & Darrigan G. (2011). "Asolene petiti". In: IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. <>. Downloaded on 7 February 2013.
  7. ^ a b Rawlings TA, Hayes KA, Cowie RH, Collins TM (2007). "The identity, distribution, and impacts of non-native apple snails in the continental United States". BMC Evolutionary Biology. 7: 97. doi:10.1186/1471-2148-7-97. PMC 1919357Freely accessible. PMID 17594487. 
  8. ^ Alves R. R. N. 2009. Fauna used in popular medicine in Northeast Brazil. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine 2009, 5:1. doi:10.1186/1746-4269-5-1
  9. ^ Bichuette, Maria Elina; Trajano, Eleonora (September 2003). "A population study of epigean and subterranean Potamolithus snails from southeast Brazil (Mollusca: Gastropoda: Hydrobiidae)". Hydrobiologia. 505 (1-3): 107–17. doi:10.1023/B:HYDR.0000007299.26220.b8. INIST:15383655. 
  10. ^ Malek E. A. (1983). "The South American hydrobioid genus Idiopyrgus Pilsbry, 1911". The Nautilus 97(1): 16-20.
  11. ^ dos Santos; S. B. (2003). "Estado atual do conhecimento dos ancilídeos na América do Sul (Mollusca: Gastropoda: Pulmonata: Basommatophora)" (PDF). Revista de Biología Tropical (in Portuguese). 51 (3): 191–223. Retrieved 1 June 2014. 
  12. ^ Teodoro T. M., Janotti-Passos L. K., Carvalho O. d. S. & Caldeira R. L. (2010). "Occurrence of Biomphalaria cousini (Mollusca: Gastropoda) in Brazil and its susceptibility to Schistosoma mansoni (Platyhelminths: Trematoda)". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 57(1): 144-151. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2010.05.019.
  13. ^ Martins R. T. & Alves R. da G. 2008. Occurrence of Naididae (Annelida: Oligochaeta) from three gastropod species in irrigation fields in southeastern Brazil. Biota Neotropica, 8(3), doi:10.1590/S1676-06032008000300023
  14. ^ Mansur, M.C.D. 1996. Trochogyra leptotera. In: IUCN 2009. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2009.2. <>. Downloaded on 20 November 2009.
  15. ^ a b Teixeira CG, Thiengo SC, Thome JW, Medeiros AB, Camillo-Coura L, Agostini AA (1993). "On the diversity of mollusc intermediate hosts of Angiostrongylus costaricensis Morera & Cespedes, 1971 in southern Brazil". Memórias Do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz. 88 (3): 487–9. doi:10.1590/S0074-02761993000300020. PMID 8107609. 
  16. ^ Salvador R. B. & Simone L. R. L. (2016). "A new species of Kora from Bahia, Brazil (Gastropoda: Pulmonata: Orthalicoidea), with an emended diagnosis of the genus". Stuttgarter Beiträge zur Naturkunde A 9: 1–7. doi:10.18476/sbna.v9.a1.
  17. ^ Santos S. B. dos, Viana T. A. & Fonseca F. C. (2008). "First record of the micro-predator Huttonella bicolor (Hutton, 1834) (Gastropoda, Streptaxidae) on Rio de Janeiro city, Brazil". Biociências, Porto Alegre, 16(2): 145-148. PDF.
  18. ^ a b c d Barbosa A. F., Salgado N. C. & Coelho A. C. d. S. (2008) "Taxonomy, Comparative Morphology, and Geographical Distribution of the Neotropical Genus Hypselartemon Wenz, 1947 (Gastropoda: Pulmonata: Streptaxidae)". Malacologia, 50(1-2): 1-12. doi:10.4002/0076-2997-50.1.1

Further reading[edit]

  • Haas F. 1959. Inland mollusks from Venezuela, southern Brazil, and Peru. Fieldiana: Zoology, 39(31): 363-371.
  • L. R. L. Simone (2006) Land and Freshwater Molluscs of Brazil. 390 pp.
  • Agudo-Padrón A. I. (2009) "New malacological records from Paraná State, Southern Brazil region, with a general synthesys of current knowledge". Ellipsaria 11(1): 11-13.
  • Agudo-Padrón A. I. (2009) "New malacological records from Paraná State, Southern Brazil Region. II. Supplementary Annex". Ellipsaria 11(2): 6-7.
  • Agudo-Padrón A. I. (2009) "Endangered continental mollusks of Santa Catarina State, Southern Brazil: An Overview". Ellipsaria 11(2): 7-8.
  • Agudo-Padrón A. I. (2009) "General mollusk fauna of Rio Grande do Sul State, Southernmost Brazil Region: a Preliminary Revision Rehearsal. II. New Bibliographical Records". Ellipsaria 11(2): 9-10.
  • Agudo-Padrón A. I. (2011). "Mollusca and environmental conservation in Santa Catarina State (SC, Southern Brazil): current situation". Biodiversity Journal 2: 3-8. PDF.
  • Agudo-Padrón A. I. (2011). "Current knowledge on population studies on five continental molluscs (Mollusca, Gastropoda et Bivalvia) of Santa Catarina State (SC, Central Southern Brazil region)". Biodiversity Journal 2: 9-12. PDF.
  • Agudo-Padrón A. I. (2011). "Exotic molluscs in Santa Catarina’s State, Southern Brazil region (Mollusca, Gastropoda et Bivalvia): check list and regional spatial distribution knowledge". Biodiversity Journal 2: 53-58. PDF.
  • Agudo-Padrón A. I. (2011). "Threatened freshwater and terrestrial molluscs of Santa Catarina State, Southern Brazil (Mollusca, Gastropoda et Bivalvia): check list and evaluation of regional threats". Biodiversity Journal 2: 59-66. PDF.

External links[edit]