List of non-marine molluscs of Costa Rica

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Location of Costa Rica

The non-marine molluscs of Costa Rica are a part of the wildlife of Costa Rica. There are 183 species and subspecies, belonging to 25 families and 59 genera reported for Costa Rica, including 11 doubtful identifications. [1]. This species can be found in terrestrial or fresh water ecosystems. Samples of the species collected in Costa Rica can be found in the Museum of Zoology of the Universidad de Costa Rica[2].[3]


Gastropods[edit]

The land gastropods belong to the class Gastropoda. In Costa Rica the taxonomy of this group is as follows:[1]

Helicinidae (17 subespecies)

Helicina boeckeleri Richling, 2001

Helicina deppeana parvidens Pilsbry, 1920

Helicina funcki funcki Pfr, 1848

Helicina funcki costaricensis Wagner, 1905

Helicina hojarasca Richling, 2001

Helicina oweniana coccinostoma Morelet, 1849

Helicina oweniana anozona Martens, 1875

Helicina pitalensis Wagner, 1911

Helicina tenuis tenuis Pfr., 1848

Helicina tenuis pittieri Wagner, 1911

Lucidella lirata Pfr., 1847

Olygyra beatrix Beatrix Angas, 1879

Olygyra beatrix confusa Wagner, 1911

Olygyra chiquitica Richling, 2001

Olygyra fragilis Morelet, 1851

Olygyra gemma Preston,1903

Olygyra talamancensis Richling, 2001


Cyclophoridae (15 subespecies)

Barbacyclus boucardi Angas, 1878

Barbacyclus princeps Pilsbry, 1935

Barbacyclus underwoodi Da Costa, 1900

*Dicrista cooperi Tryon, 1863

Neocyclotus bisinuatus Martens, 1864

Neocyclotus capscelius Thompson, 1969

Neocyclotus carmioli Bartsch & Morrison, 1942

Neocyclotus costarricense Martens, 1876

Neocyclotus dysoni dysoni Pfr., 1851

Neocyclotus dysoni valerioi Bartsch & Morrison, 1942

Neocyclotus  dysoni nicaraguense Bartsch  &  Morrison, 1942

Neocyclotus exiguum Bartsch & Morrison, 1942

Neocyclotus irregulare Pfr., 1855

Neocyclotus impressus Thompson, 1969

Neocyclotus pittieri Martens, 1900


Diplommatinidae (1 especie)

Adelopoma costaricense Bartsch & Morrison, 1942


Carychiidae (1 especie)

Carychium exiguum costaricanum


Achatinellidae (2 especies)

Tornatellina biolleyi Martens, 1902

Tornatellina pittieri Martens, 1898


Vertiginidae (3 especies)

Gastrocopta gularis Thompson & López, 1996

Nesopupa cocosensis Dall, 1900

Pupisoma dioscoricola C.B. Adams, 1845


Orthalicidae (30 especies)

Bulimulus corneus Sowerby, 1833

Drymaeus alternans Beck, 1837

Drymaeus attenuatus attenuates Pfr., 1851

Drymaeus attenuatus pittieri Martens, 1893

Drymaeus costaricensis Pfr., 1862

Drymaeus discrepans Sowerby, 1833

Drymaeus gabbi Angas, 1879

Drymaeus hoffmanni Martens, 1893

Drymaeus inusitatus Fulton, 1900

Drymaeus irazuensis Angas, 1878

Drymaeus jonasi Pfr., 1846

Drymaeus josephus josephus Angas, 1878

Drymaeus josephus maculosus Martens, 1893

Drymaeus josephus concolor Martens, 1893

Drymaeus lineolatus Conrad, 1855

Drymaeus megastomus Parodiz, 1962

Drymaeus pluvialis Pfr., 1862

Drymaeus recluzianus recluzianus Pfr., 1847

Drymaeus recluzianus martesianus Pilsbry, 1899

Drymaeus semimaculatus Pilsbry, 1898

Drymaeus semipellucidus Tristram, 1861

Drymaeus sulphureus sulphureus Pfr., 1856

Drymaeus sulphureus citronellus Angas, 1879

Drymaeus sulphureus obesus Martens, 1893

Drymaeus tripictus Albers, 1857

Drymaeus zhorquinensis Angas, 1879

Orthalicus ferussaci Martens, 1863

Orthalicus princeps Sowerby, 1833

Orthalicus tricinctus Martens, 1893

Orthalicus zoniferus crossei Martens, 1893


Urocoptidae (1 especie)

Microceramus concisus Morelet, 1849


Subulinidae (23 especies)

Beckianum beckianum beckianum Pfr., 1846

Beckianum beckianum gabbianum Angas, 1879

Beckianum sinistrum Martens, 1898

Lamellaxis gracilis Hutton, 1834

Lamellaxis micra micra Orbigny, 1835

Lamellaxis micra subovale Martens, 1898

Leptinaria ambigua Martens, 1898

Leptinaria biolleyi Martens, 1898

Leptinaria convoluta Martens, 1898

Leptinaria costaricana Martens, 1898

Leptinaria crenulata Martens, 1898

Leptinaria guatemalensis majuscula Martens, 1898

Leptinaria hapaloides Martens, 1898

Leptinaria insignis E.A. Smith, 1898

Leptinaria interstriata Tate, 1869-70

Leptinaria pittieri pittieri Martens, 1898

Leptinaria pittieri obliquata Martens, 1898

Leptinaria solida Martens, 1898

Opeas bocourtianum bocourtianum Crosse  &  Fischer, 1869

Opeas bocourtianum pittieri Martens, 1898

Opeas guatemalense Strebel, 1882

Opeas pumilum Pfr., 1840

Subulina octona Bruguière, 1792


Spiraxidae (33 especies)

Euglandina aurata Morelet, 1849

Euglandina aurantiaca Angas, 1879

Euglandina anomala Angas, 1879

Euglandina broctontomlini Pilsbry, 1926

Euglandina cumingi cumingi Beck, 1837

Euglandina cumingi rubromarginata Martens, 1891

Euglandina cylindracea Phillips, 1846

Euglandina gigantea Pilsbry, 1926

Euglandina isabelline Pfr., 1846

Euglandina mitriformis Angas, 1879

Euglandina monilifera pulcherrima Pfr., 1845

Euglandina pittieri Martens, 1901

Pittieria bicolor Martens, 1901

Pittieria underwoodi Fulton, 1897

Spiraxis nitidus pittieri Martens, 1898

Spiraxis paulisculpta Rehder, 1942

Spiraxis scalella Martens, 1898

Streptostyla binneyana Crosse & Fischer, 1869

Streptostyla costaricensis Da Costa, 1904

Streptostyla cylindracea Pfr., 1846

*Streptostyla delibuta delibuta Morelet, 1851

*Streptostyla delibuta crassa Martens 1892-1901: 615

Streptostyla flavescens boucardi Pfr., 1861

Streptostyla gabbi Pilsbry, 1907

*Streptostyla labida (Morelet, 1851)

*Streptostyla lurida (Shuttleworth, 1852)

*Streptostyla meridana cobanensis (Tristam, 1861)

*Streptostyla mitraeformis (Shuttleworth, 1852)

*Streptostyla sololensis Crosse & Fischer, 1869

*Streptostyla turgidula (Pfr., 1856)

Streptostyla valerioi Rehder, 1942

Streptostyla viridula Angas, 1879

Salasiella pulchella (Pfr., 1856)


Systrophiidae (5 especies)

Drepanostomella stolli (Martens, 1892)

Guesteria powisiana (Pfr.)

Miradiscops puncticipitis (Pilsbry, 1926)

Occultator olssoni Pilsbry, 1926

Systrophia costaricana Rehder, 1942


Helicodiscidae (2 especies)

Chanomphalus pilsbryi (Baker, 1922)

Radiodiscus millecostatus costaricanus Pilsbry, 1926


Charopidae (1 especie)

Rotadiscus pilsbryi Rehder, 1942


Succineidae (5 especies)

Succinea costaricana Martens, 1898

Succinea globispira Martens, 1898

Succinea guatemalensis Morelet, 1849

Succinea haustellum Rehder, 1942

Succinea recisa Morelet, 1851


Helicarionidae (15 especies)

Euconulus pittieri Martens, 1892)

Guppya angasi Martens, 1892

Guppya biolleyi Martens, 1892

Guppya calverti Pilsbry, 1920

Guppya micans (Angas, 1879)

Guppya orosciana Martens, 1892

Habroconus costaricanus costaricanus (Pilsbry, 1920)

Habroconus costaricanus elatior (Pilsbry, 1920)

Habroconus championi (Martens, 1892)

Habroconus hopkinsi (Dall, 1900)

Habroconus pallidus Baker, 1941

Habroconus pacificus (Pfr., 1846)

Habroconus trochulinus (Morelet, 1851)

Ovachlamys fulgens (Gude, 1900)

Velifera gabbi Binney, 1879


Zonitidae (6 especies)

Glyphyalinia indentata (Say, 1823)

Hawaiia minuscula (Binney, 1840)

Mesomphix modestus (Martens, 1892)

Zonitoides arboreus (Say, 1816)

Zonitoides hoffmanni (Martens, 1892)

Zonitoides multivolvis Pilsbry, 1926


Limacidae (1 especie)

Deroceras laeve (Müller, 1774)


Polygyridae (1 especie)

Praticolella griseola (Pfr., 1891)


Thysanophoridae (2 especies)

*Microconus wilhelmi (Pfr., 1866)

Thysanophora costaricensis Rehder, 1942


Camaenidae  (4 especies)

Labyrinthus  quadridentatus  quadridentatus  (Broderip, 1832)

Labyrinthus quadridentatus biolleyi Solem, 1966

Labyrinthus triplicatus (Martens, 1868)

Solaropsis tiloriensis (Angas, 1879)


Helicidae (1 especie)

Helix aspersa Müller, 1774


Helminthoglyptidae  (8 especies)

Averellia macneili (Crosse, 1873)

Cryptostrakon corcovadensis Cuezzo, 1997

Cryptostrakon gabbi (Binney, 1879)

Leptarionta adela (Angas, 1878)

Leptarionta costaricensis (Roth in Pfr., 1857)

Leptarionta zhorquinensis (Angas, 1879)

Trichodiscina suturalis (Pfr., 1846)

Trichodiscina pressula (Morelet, 1851)


Arionidae (1 especie)

Ariolimax costaricensis Cockerell, 1890


Philomycidae (1 especie)

Pallifera costaricensis (Mörch, 1857)


Veronicellidae (2 especies)

Diplosolenodes occidentalis (Guilding, 1825)

Sarasinula plebeia (Fischer, 1868)


Incertae Cedis

Hyalinia glomerula Martens, 1892

Hyalinia permodesta minor Martens, 1892

Bivalvia[edit]

Some bivalves can be found in freshwater ecosystems.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b (in Spanish) Barrientos Z. (2003). "Lista de especies de moluscos terrestres (Archaeogastropoda, Mesogastropoda, Archaeopulmonata, Stylommatophora, Soleolifera) informadas para Costa Rica". Revista de Biología Tropical 51(Suppl. 3): 293-304. PDF
  2. ^ "MZUCR Mollusca". museo.biologia.ucr.ac.cr. Retrieved 3 September 2019.
  3. ^ "An annotated checklist and bibliography of the land and freshwater snails of México and Central America". ufdc.ufl.edu. Retrieved 8 September 2019.

External links[edit]