List of non-marine molluscs of Germany

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Location of Germany

This list of non-marine molluscs of Germany is a list of the molluscs that live in Germany, except for the marine (saltwater) species. In other words this list includes the land snails and slugs, the freshwater snails and the freshwater clams and mussels.

There are 390 species (including subspecies)[1] of molluscs living in the wild in Germany. In addition there is at least 1 gastropod species that lives only in greenhouses.

There are ??? species of gastropods (69 species of freshwater gastropods, ??? species of land gastropods) and 36 species of bivalves living in the wild.

There are 8 introduced species of gastropods (7 freshwater and 1 land species) and 1 species of non-indigenous bivalve living in the wild in Germany. That makes a total of 8 freshwater non-indigenous species of wild molluscs.

Summary table of number of species
Germany
freshwater gastropods 69
land gastropods  ???
gastropods altogether  ???
bivalves 36
molluscs altogether 390 (including subspecies)
non-indigenous gastropods in the wild 7 freshwater and 1 land
non-indigenous synantrop gastropods 1
non-indigenous bivalves in the wild 1
non-indigenous synantrop bivalves no
non-indigenous molluscs altogether in the wild 9


There are only orders, families and species in the list. The German name is in brackets. Non-indigenous species only occurring greenhouses in Germany are noted separately, below the list.

Main source for the list of freshwater species is book Süsswassermollusken by Glöer & Meier-Brook.[2]

Freshwater gastropods[edit]

Neritidae

Viviparidae

Hydrobiidae

Lithoglyphidae

Amnicolidae

Bithyniidae

Valvatidae

Acroloxidae

Lymnaeidae

Physidae

Planorbidae

Land gastropods[edit]

Aciculidae

Ellobiidae

Succineaidae

Succinea putris Linnaeus, 1758

Valloniidae

Pupillidae

Vertiginidae

Oxychilidae

Arionidae

Hygromiidae

Bradybaenidae

Helicidae

Bivalves[edit]

Margaritiferidae

Unionidae

Corbiculidae

Sphaeriidae

Dreissenidae

List of synanthropic species in Germany[edit]

Those species do not live in the wild, or are not recorded in the wild yet; they live in greenhouses and similar habitats.

List (alphabetically according scientific name):

See also[edit]

Lists of molluscs of surrounding countries:

References[edit]

  1. ^ List of German land and freshwater molluscs including their common names Diskussionsfassung (in Bearbeitung)
  2. ^ Glöer P. & Meier-Brook C. (2003) Süsswassermollusken. DJN, pp. 134, ISBN 3-923376-02-2
  3. ^ Dillon R. T., Wethington A. R., Rhett J. M. & Smith T. P. 2002. Populations of the European freshwater pulmonate Physa acuta are not reproductively isolated from American Physa heterostopha or Physa integra. Invertebrate Biology, 121: 226-234. ([abstract http://www.blackwell-synergy.com/doi/abs/10.1111/j.1744-7410.2002.tb00062.x])
  4. ^ Glöer P. & Meier-Brook C. (2003) Süsswassermollusken. DJN, pp. 134, ISBN 3-923376-02-2. page 58.
  5. ^ "Species summary for Pupilla bigranata ". AnimalBase. Last modified 30-12-2008, accessed 30 July 2010.
  6. ^ von Proschwitz T., Schander C. , Jueg U. & Thorkildsen S. (2009). "Morphology, ecology and DNA-barcoding distinguish Pupilla pratensis (Clessin, 1871) from Pupilla muscorum (Linnaeus, 1758) (Pulmonata: Pupillidae)". Journal of Molluscan Studies 75(4): 315-322. doi:10.1093/mollus/eyp038.
  7. ^ "Species summary for Pupilla triplicata". AnimalBase. Last modified 15-04-2010, accessed 31 July 2010.
  8. ^ Glöer P. & Meier-Brook C. (2003). Süsswassermollusken. DJN, pp. 134, ISBN 3-923376-02-2. page 32.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]