List of non-marine molluscs of Malta

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Location of Malta

The non-marine molluscs of Malta are a part of the molluscan fauna of Malta (wildlife of Malta).

A number of species of non-marine molluscs are found in the wild in Malta. There are 77 species of gastropods, 15 species of freshwater gastropods, 62 species of land gastropods) and 2 species of bivalves living in the wild.

There are 4 non-indigenous species of gastropods (2 freshwater and 2 land species). There are no non-indigenous species of bivalves in the wild in Malta.

Summary table of number of species:
Numbers of molluscs by habitat Number of species (according to this list)
Freshwater gastropods 15
Land gastropods 62
Total number of non-marine gastropods 77
Freshwater bivalves 2
Total number of non-marine molluscs 79

Freshwater gastropods[edit]

Freshwater gastropods in Malta include:

Hydrobiidae

Thiaridae

Lymnaeidae

Physidae

Planorbidae

Land gastropods[edit]

Land gastropods in Malta include:

Pomatiidae

Truncatellidae

Ellobiidae

Lauriidae

Valloniidae

Vertiginidae

Pleurodiscidae

Chondrinidae

Enidae

Clausiliidae

  • Lampedusa imitatrix (O. Boettger, 1879) - Lampedusa imitatrix imitatrix (O. Boettger, 1879) - endemic; Lampedusa imitatrix melitensis (Gatto, 1892) - endemic[1]
  • Muticaria macrostoma (Cantraine, 1835) - Muticaria macrostoma macrostoma (Cantraine, 1835) - endemic; Muticaria macrostoma oscitans (Charpentier, 1852) - endemic; Muticaria macrostoma macrostoma × Muticaria macrostoma oscitans - endemic; Muticaria macrostoma macrostoma × Muticaria macrostoma scalaris[1]
  • hybrid Lampedusa imitatrix imitatrix × Muticaria macrostoma macrostoma[1]
  • Muticaria macrostoma (Gulia, 1861) - Muticaria macrostoma mamotica (Gulia, 1861) - endemic; Muticaria macrostoma scalaris (L. Pfeiffer, 1848) - endemic[1]
  • Papillifera papillaris (O. F. Müller, 1774)[1]

Ferussaciidae

Subulinidae

Testacellidae

Discidae

Succineidae

Pristilomatidae

Oxychilidae

Milacidae

Limacidae

Agriolimacidae

Sphincterochilidae

Hygromiidae

Theba pisana is a widespread species on Malta[1]

Helicidae

Freshwater bivalves[edit]

Freshwater bivalves in Malta include:

Sphaeriidae

See also[edit]

Lists of molluscs of surrounding oversea countries:

The following species have been found only as fossils on Malta:

Fossil freshwater gastropods

Fossil terrestrial gastropods

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu bv bw bx by bz ca cb cc cd ce cf cg ch ci Kolouch L. R. (2003). "Suchozemští, sladkovodní a brakičtí měkkýši ostrovů Malty. [Terrestrial, freshwater, and brackish mollusca of Malta islands]". Malacologica Bohemoslovaca 2: 43-50. PDF.
  2. ^ a b c d Schembri P. J. (1992). "Diversity and conservation of the non-marine molluscs of the Maltese Islands". In: Giusti F. & Manganelli G. (eds.) Abstracts of the Eleventh International Malacological Congress, Siena 1992. pp. 195-198. University of Siena, Siena, Italy. PDF.

External links[edit]

  • Beckmann K. H. (1987). "Land - und Süβwassermollusken der Maltesischen Inseln". Heldia 1,suppl. 1: 1-38.
  • Beckmann K. H. (1992). "Catalogue and bibliography of the land and freshwater molluscs of the Maltese Islands, the Pelagi Islands and the isle of Pantelleria". Heldia 2suppl. 2: 1-60.
  • Beckmann K. H. & Gittenberger E. (1987). "The Clausiliidae (Gastropoda) of the Maltese Islands, some additional data". Journal of Conchology 32: 335-338.
  • Holyoak D. T. (1986). "Biological species-limits and systematics of Clausiliidae (Gastropoda) of the Maltese Islands". Journal of Conchology 32: 211-220.
  • Mandahl-Barth G. (1988). "The shell-bearing land-snails of Malta". Mdina, Malta, Friends of the National Museum of Natural History, iv + 65 pp.
  • Soós L. (1933). "A systematic and zoogeographical contribution to the mollusc fauna of the Maltese Islands and Lampedusa". Archiv für Naturgeschichte 2: 305-353.
  • Thake M. A. & Schembri P. J. (1989). "Mollusca". In: Schembri P. J. & Sultana J. (eds.) Red data book for the Maltese Islands. pp. 79-89. Valletta, Malta, Department of Information.