List of terrorist incidents

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Number of terrorist incidents worldwide[1] [2]
Terrorism deaths per year by country

The following is a list of terrorist incidents that have not been carried out by a state or its forces (see state terrorism and state-sponsored terrorism). Assassinations are listed at List of assassinated people.

Definitions of terrorism vary, so incidents listed here are restricted to those that are notable and described as "terrorism" by a consensus of reliable sources.

Pre-1800[edit]

Scholars dispute what might be called terrorism in earlier periods. The modern sense of terrorism emerged in the mid-19th century.[3]

Date Type Dead Injured Location Details Perpetrator Part of
5 November 1605 Attempted bombing 0 0  England Gunpowder Plot: A group of English Catholics led by Robert Catesby plotted to bomb the House of Lords in order to kill King James I, with the goal of installing his nine-year-old daughter Princess Elizabeth as the Catholic head of state. The explosives beneath the House of Lords were discovered a day before their planned detonation, and the conspirators were either killed in a battle at Holbeche House or executed for treason. Robert Catesby and co-conspirators (including Guy Fawkes, who is the namesake for the celebration held once every 5th of November).

1800–1899[edit]

Date Type Dead Injured Location Details Perpetrator Part of
28 July 1835 Shooting 18 22 (+1)  France Giuseppe Marco Fieschi used a volley gun to attack the royal entourage of King Louis-Philippe of France during the annual review of the National Guard as part of a revolutionary plot. Fieschi was badly injured when four of the weapon's barrels exploded and was captured soon after. He was executed with co-conspirators Pierre Morey and Theodore Pépin on 19 February 1836. Giuseppe Marco Fieschi
14 April 1865 Assassination by shooting 1 8 (+1)  United States President Abraham Lincoln was assassinated by John Wilkes Booth at Ford's Theatre in Washington D.C. Booth's co-conspirators were to launch simultaneous attacks on Vice President Andrew Johnson and Secretary of State William H. Seward, but Seward's attacker failed to kill him and Johnson's lost his nerve. Booth was killed after a 12-day manhunt, and several of his co-conspirators were later arrested and executed. John Wilkes Booth and co-conspirators American Civil War
1865–1877 Murders c. 3,000 Several  United States Approximately 3,000 Freedmen and their Republican Party allies are killed by the Ku Klux Klan and well-organized campaigns of violence by other white supremacists in a campaign of terrorist violence that weakened the reconstructionist governments in the Southern United States and helped re-establish legitimized segregation.[4][5] Ku Klux Klan Reconstruction Era
13 December 1867 Prison escape 12 120  United Kingdom The "Clerkenwell Outrage": A bomb exploded next to a wall of Clerkenwell Prison as an attempt to abet the escape of an arms dealer. Fenian Society
28 December 1870 Attempted assassination 1 0  Spain Attack to General Juan Prim, Prime Minister of Spain. He died two days later after the injuries. Political adversaries
1880 Attempted assassination 0 0  Russia Attempted assassination of General Mikhail Loris-Melikov. Anarchists (suspected)
1881 Assassination by bombing 2 12 Russia St.Petersburg, Russia Assassination of Alexander II of Russia. Narodnaya Volya
1881–1885 Bombing 0 (+3) 98  United Kingdom Fenian dynamite campaign. Irish Republican Brotherhood
1884 Assassination 2 0  Russia Assassination of Colonel Soudekine, Chief of Police. Nihilist movement
4 May 1886 Bombing 7 (+4) 160+ United States Chicago Haymarket Affair. A peaceful rally in Haymarket, Chicago, Illinois, was disrupted when a bomb was detonated as police were dispersing the public demonstration. FOTLU
23 July 1892 Assassination attempt 0 1 (+1) United States Pittsburgh Alexander Berkman, a Russian expatriate, attempted to assassinate Henry Clay Frick, an American industrialist, financier, and art patron, in Pittsburgh. Berkman was arrested and Frick survived. Berkman claims inspiration from the Haymarket Affair. Alexander Berkman
8 August 1893 Attempted assassination 1 0  Spain Assassination of Antonio Cánovas del Castillo, Prime Minister of Spain. Anarchists led by the Italian Michele Angiolillo
9 December 1893 Bombing 0 20 France Paris French anarchist Auguste Vaillant bombed the French Chamber of Deputies injuring 20 deputies. Auguste Vaillant
24 June 1894 Assassination 1 0 France Lyon French president Marie François Sadi Carnot is fatally stabbed by Italian anarchist Sante Geronimo Caserio. Sante Geronimo Caserio
26 August 1896 Hijacking 10+ 0 Ottoman EmpireConstantinople, Ottoman Empire Occupation of the Ottoman Bank by Armenian Revolutionary Federation members in protest of the Hamidian massacres. A resulting anti-Armenian pogrom killed around 6,000 individuals. Armenian Revolutionary Federation

1900–1929[edit]

Date Type Dead Injured Location Details Perpetrator Part of
29 July 1900 Assassination 1 0 Italy Monza, Italy Gaetano Bresci, an Italian-American Anarchist, assassinated Umberto I of Italy. Gaetano Bresci
6 September 1901 Assassination 1 1 United States Buffalo, New York, United States President of the United States, William McKinley, was shot twice by anarchist Leon Czolgosz at the Pan-American Exposition, dying eight days later from the injuries. Immediately after the shooting, Czolgosz was assaulted by the crowd. Leon Czolgosz
15 April 1902 Assassination 1 0 Russian Empire St. Petersburg, Russia Minister of the Interior Dmitry Sipyagin was assassinated in the Marinsky Theatre. Stepan Balmashov
28 April – 1 May 1903 Bombings 0 (+4) Ottoman Empire Thessaloniki, Ottoman Empire Members of the Boatmen of Thessaloníki, a Bulgarian anarchist group, carried out a series of bombings in Thessaloniki. Boatmen of Thessaloníki
18 May 1904 Kidnapping 0 2 kidnapped Morocco Morocco Ion Perdicaris and Cromwell Varley were kidnapped and held for ransom by bandit Mulai Ahmed er Raisuli in Morocco.[6] Mulai Ahmed er Raisuli
15 February 1905 Bombing 2 1+ Russian Empire Russia Assassination of Grand Duke Serge Alexandrovich Romanov by Socialist-revolutionaries. His coach driver Andrei Rudinkin was also killed. Ivan Kalyayev
21 July 1905 Bombing 26 58 Ottoman Empire Ottoman Empire Yıldız assassination attempt: Attempted assassination targeting Abdul Hamid II of Ottoman Empire
Armenian Revolutionary Federation
31 May 1906 Bombing 24 Several Spain Spain Morral affair. 24 people were killed when terrorist bombed the Royal Couple, Alfonso XIII of Spain and Victoria Eugenie, on their wedding day. Mateo del Morral
25 August 1906 Bombing 28 Several Russian Empire Aptekarsky Island, Russia 28 people were killed when three terrorists bombed a reception in an attempt to assassinate Pyotr Stolypin. Union of Socialists Revolutionaries Maximalists
11–12 July 1908 Bombing 1 23 Sweden Malmö, Sweden Night between 11 and 12 July: Bombing of the boat Amalthea where British strikebreakers lived by Anton Nilsson One was killed and 23 wounded. Anton Nilsson
1 October 1910 Bombing 21 105+ United States Los Angeles, United States Los Angeles Times bombing killed 21 people and wounded over 100 others. Lone wolf (terrorism)
14 September 1911 Shooting 1 0 Russian Empire Kiev, Russia Assassination of Pyotyr Stolypin, Russian Prime Minister. Dmitri Bogrov
1912–1914 Various 2 (+2) 27+ (+1) United Kingdom United Kingdom Protest campaign by militant suffragettes campaigning for women's right to vote, including acts of disruption and violence aimed at property and the public. Also included a possible second suffragette assassination attempt on the Prime Minister, H. H. Asquith.[7] Women's Social and Political Union
28 June 1914 Assassination by shooting 2 1 Austria-Hungary Sarajevo, Austria-Hungary Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife Sophie were fatally shot by the Yugoslav nationalist assassin Gavrilo Princip. Gavrilo Princip (with the Black Hand) Prelude to World War I
22 July 1916 Bombing 10 40 United States San Francisco, United States Preparedness Day Bombing was a bombing in San Francisco, California, on 22 July 1916, when the city held a parade in anticipation of the United States' entry into World War I. During the parade, a suitcase bomb was detonated, killing ten and wounding forty. Galleanist Anarchists (suspected)
30 July 1916 Bombing 4 Hundreds United States Jersey City, United States Black Tom explosion was a planned detonation of a munitions factory at Black Tom Island in the neutral United States by Imperial German Agents that killed four and injured hundreds, as well as causing millions of dollars in damages. Imperial German Agents World War I
16 September 1920 Bombing 38 300 United States New York City, United States Wall Street bombing killed 38 people and wounded 300 others.[8] Galleanist Anarchists (suspected) Red Scare
14 October 1920 Bombings 1 10 Italy Trieste, Italy In Trieste, nationalists threw six bombs at the editorial office of a Socialist newspaper, resulting in one death and ten injuries.[9] Italian Nationalists
15 October 1920 Bombings 0 2 Italy Milan, Italy In Milan, anarchists were responsible for throwing two bombs at a hotel holding a British delegation attending the Milan International Conference; there were two injuries.[9] Anarchists
8 December 1920 Bombing 3 3 Romania Bucharest, Romania A bomb placed by a left-wing terrorist group blows up in the Romanian Senate, killing the Minister of Justice and two other senators. Likewise, President of the Senate and two Orthodox bishops were severely injured. Max Goldstein, Leon Lichtblau and Saul Ozias
31 May 1921 Riot 39–300 800+ United States Tulsa, United States The Tulsa race riot killed at least 39 people and injured over 800.[10] Ku Klux Klan
13 December 1921 Bombing 100 Romania Bolgrad, Romania The Bolgrad palace bombing occurred when a bomb thrown by Bessarabian separatists at the Bolgrad palace, killed 100 soldiers and police officers.[11] Bessarabian separatists Union of Bessarabia with Romania
31 October 1923 Shooting 1 1 Irish Free State Dublin, Irish Free State Far-right extremists shot two Jewish men as they walked across St. Stephen's Green in Dublin. One of the men was killed.[12] Far-right extremists
16 April 1925 Bombing 150 ~500 Bulgaria Sofia, Bulgaria St Nedelya Church assault – The Bulgarian Communist Party (BCP) blew up the church's roof during the funeral service of General Konstantin Georgiev, who had been killed in a previous Communist assault on 14 April. 150 people, mainly from the country's political and military elite, were killed in the attack and around 500 were injured.[13] Bulgarian Communist Party

1930–1949[edit]

Date Type Dead Injured Location Details Perpetrator Part of
9 October 1934 Assassination by shooting 2 (+1) France Marseille, France During a state visit to France, King Alexander I of Yugoslavia was fatally shot by the Bulgarian IMRO assassin Vlado Chernozemski. In the ensuing scuffle with local police, French Foreign Minister Louis Barthou was accidentally killed by a stray bullet, while Chernozemski was beaten and later died from his injuries. Vlado Chernozemski (on behalf of IMRO)

1950–1969[edit]

1970–present[edit]

By country[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ National Consortium for the Study of Terrorism and Responses to Terrorism. (2018). Global Terrorism Database (globalterrorismdb_0718dist.xlsx Archived 10 July 2016 at the Wayback Machine). Retrieved from https://www.start.umd.edu/gtd University of Maryland
  2. ^ National Consortium for the Study of Terrorism and Responses to Terrorism. (2018). Global Terrorism Database (gtd1993_0718dist.xlsx Archived 10 July 2016 at the Wayback Machine). Retrieved from https://www.start.umd.edu/gtd University of Maryland
  3. ^ "BBC – History – The Changing Faces of Terrorism". bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 27 November 2015.
  4. ^ Jonathan M. Bryant: Ku Klux Klan in the Reconstruction Era Archived 19 September 2008 at the Wayback Machine, The New Georgia Encyclopedia, 3 October 2002
  5. ^ Fettman, Eric (20 January 2008). "The Bloody Shirt Terror After Appomattox by Stephen Budiansky Viking Press". New York Post. Retrieved 27 March 2011.
  6. ^ "PERDICARIS AND VARLEY ARE IN GRAVE DANGER; An American Resident of Tangier Tells of the Situation". The New York Times. 22 May 1904. Retrieved 5 March 2015.
  7. ^ "Suffragettes, violence and militancy". The British Library. Retrieved 4 August 2020.
  8. ^ "History News Service". H-net.org. Retrieved 27 March 2011.
  9. ^ a b "BOMB WARFARE RAGING IN ITALY". The New York Times. 15 October 1920. Retrieved 13 December 2014.
  10. ^ Austin Sarat (1 January 2009). When Law Fails: Making Sense of Miscarriages of Justice. NYU Press. p. 57. ISBN 978-0-8147-6225-7. Retrieved 14 August 2013.
  11. ^ "PALACE BOMBED, 100 KILLED; Bessarabian Conspirators Accused of Outrage at Bolgard". The New York Times. 14 December 1921. Retrieved 15 October 2011.
  12. ^ "Reactionary murders in Ireland". Come Here To Me!. 3 June 2013. Retrieved 31 March 2016.
  13. ^ "Sofia Church Terror Attack Vie for Bulgaria Top Event". The Free Library. 2010. Retrieved 30 August 2014.
  14. ^ Hughes, Matthew (2009). "The banality of brutality: British armed forces and the repression of the Arab Revolt in Palestine, 1936–39" (PDF). English Historical Review. CXXIV (507): 314–354. doi:10.1093/ehr/cep002. Archived from the original on 21 February 2016.{{cite journal}}: CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
  15. ^ "Mad Bomber,' Now 70, Goes Free Today; Mad Bomber,' Now 70, Goes Free Today 37 Blasts Set Initials 'F.P.' Explained Institute Assailed". The New York Times. 13 December 1973. Retrieved 8 May 2010.
  16. ^ "POLICE DIE IN BLAST; Timed Device Explodes After it is Taken out of Pavilion". The New York Times. 5 July 1940. Retrieved 5 March 2015.
  17. ^ Clarke, Thurston. By Blood and Fire, G. P. Puttnam's Sons, New York, 1981
  18. ^ Pistole, John S. (3 March 2011). "Administrator Pistole's remarks before the American Bar Association's 6th Annual Homeland Security Law Institute". TSA. Archived from the original on 12 August 2011. Retrieved 17 August 2011.
  19. ^ Larry Collins and Dominique Lapierre, 'O Jerusalem'.History Book Club. 1972. pages 191-195
  20. ^ Joseph, Dov (1960). The faithful city: the siege of Jerusalem, 1948. Simon and Schuster. p. 37. LCCN 60-10976. OCLC 266413. ... it was possible ... [that the] drivers [were] from the more than two hundred deserters who had already joined the Arab force [as opposed to being officially sanctioned by the British Army]
  21. ^ "Pair Admits Planting Bomb That Killed 13". The Telegraph-Herald. 3 June 1949. Retrieved 6 January 2013.
  22. ^ Israel's Border Wars, 1949–1956, p. 309, Benny Morris, Oxford University Press, 1997
  23. ^ Gilroy, Harry (22 March 1954). "Exploiting of Negev's Resources May Be Slowed by Bus Slayings; Security Moves May Act as a Brake on Developing Area Vital to Israel". The New York Times. Retrieved 5 March 2013.
  24. ^ Bigart, Homer (17 June 1956). "U.S. Vice Consul Is Killed By Cyprus Terrorist Bomb". The New York Times. Retrieved 13 December 2014.
  25. ^ Media, Kompas Cyber (27 August 2021). "Tragedi Cikini 1957, Upaya Pembunuhan Soekarno Halaman all". KOMPAS.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 17 October 2022.
  26. ^ Brewers, Sam Pope (16 August 1958). "TERRORIST'S BOMB KILLS 3 IN BEIRUT". The New York Times. Retrieved 13 December 2014.
  27. ^ Suniaga, Francisco (5 August 2018). "El atentado a Rómulo Betancourt". Prodavinci. Retrieved 9 December 2018.
  28. ^ "Violence erupts in Paarl". South African History Online. Retrieved 30 December 2017.
  29. ^ Know 1 Radio.com
  30. ^ "Crash Off Turkey Kills All 66 on Jet". The New York Times. 12 October 1967. Retrieved 5 March 2015.
  31. ^ Aguirre, Facundo (29 September 2016). "El Operativo Cóndor en Malvinas" [The Condor Operative in Malvinas]. La Izquierda Diario (in Spanish).
  32. ^ Feron, James (5 September 1968). "Fatal Bombing in Tel Aviv Stirs Mob Attack on Arabs". The New York Times. Retrieved 13 December 2014.
  33. ^ Marcus, Itamar (8 December 2016). "Rasmieh Odeh is responsible for murder of two, her accomplice tells PA TV". Palestinian Media Watch.
  34. ^ Pharr, Jasper (25 January 2016). Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Terrorist on U.S. Soil. Dorrance Publishing. ISBN 9781480966468.
  35. ^ "Bomb Blast at RTÉ". RTÉ Archives. Retrieved 31 March 2016.
  36. ^ "When loyalists bombed O'Connell". Come Here To Me!. 27 September 2011. Retrieved 31 March 2016.
  37. ^ "Blast in Milan Kills 13, Hurts 85; 3 More Bombs Injure 16 in Rome". The New York Times. 13 December 1969. Retrieved 5 March 2015.

External links[edit]