List of 3D printed weapons and parts

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This is a list of notable 3D printed weapons and parts. The table below lists noteworthy 3D printed weapons and parts of weapons as well as items with a defense-related background. It includes 3D printed weapons and parts created using plastic producing printers as well as metal producing printers.

The Liberator .380 was the first 3D printed plastic gun. It was a single shot pistol made using a Stratasys Dimension SST 3-D printer.[1][2]

The Solid Concepts replica of Browning 1911 was the first 3D printed metal gun[3][3][4][4] created using more than 38 printed parts;[5] it successfully fired more than 600 bullets without damaging the gun.[4] The metal printer used to create the weapon cost between US$500,000 to $1 million at the time the gun was created (November 2013).[4]

List of weapons and parts[edit]

Key/Legend

  Plastic -Weapon/Part used plastic 3D-printer   Metal -Weapon/Part used metal 3D-printer   Both -Weapon/Part uses both metal and plastic 3D-printers

Name Date made public Type of weapon/part or other Printing method Printer used Creator Noteworthy facts
Raptor Grip M500[6] 2011-12December 15, 2011[7][8][9][10][11] Part: Mossberg 500 birdshead-style grip Fused deposition modeling (FDM) method Makerbot Cupcake #1460 from Batch #14, which began shipping in May 2010.[12] Shockwave Technologies Prototypes of the grip were 3D printed and tested by firing. Production grips are injection moulded in a glass-filled polymer.
  • The Raptor Grip M500 allows an individual to start with a pistol-grip-only (PGO) 12- or 20-gauge Mossberg 500 or Maverick 88 firearm and legally install a 14-inch barrel, without prior ATF approval or any additional tax paid, as an OAL of 26.5" is maintained.[13]
  • The 3D-printed Raptor Grip M500 prototype survived 400 rounds of #8 birdshot, 220 rounds of 00 buckshot, and 40 slug rounds. It never failed. It still exists to this day in perfect condition in the Shockwave Technologies Museum in Salt Lake City, Utah.
  • The production version of the Raptor Grip M500 went on sale on December 27, 2011.[14]
The Cuomo Mag[15] 2013-01January 2013[16] Part: AR-15 semi automatic rifle magazine[15] Fused deposition modeling (FDM) method[17] Stratasys Dimension SST 3-D printer[18] Defense Distributed[16]
  • The magazine holds 30 rounds[16][19][20]
  • The initial prototype was created using an Objet Connex26 using VeroClear printing material (a transparent material) in order to show the magazine’s round count and feeding action[21]
  • It was able to handle enough stress to fire 342 rounds and can fire 227+ rounds in quick succession[20]
AR Lower V5[22] 2013-03March 2013[22] Part: AR-15 semi automatic rifle lower receiver[22] Fused deposition modeling (FDM)[23] Stratasys Dimension SST 3-D printer[23] Defense Distributed[22] The receiver was able to handle enough stress to fire more than 600 rounds[22]
Feinstein AK Mag[15][24][25] 2013-03March 2013[15][24] Part: AK-47 semi automatic rifle magazine Fused deposition modeling (FDM)[18] Stratasys Dimension SST 3-D printer[18] Defense Distributed[15][24] It is a 30-round 7.62×39 AK-47 magazine[15]
Liberator .380[1][2] 2013-05May 2013[1][26][27] Weapon: Pistol Fused deposition modeling (FDM)[28] Stratasys Dimension SST 3-D printer[29] Defense Distributed[29]
Red Rocket shotgun slug[30] 2013-05May 2013[30] Part: 12 gauge Mossberg 590 shotgun slug[30] Solidoodle 3 3-D printer[31] Jeef Hesszel[32]
  • The printer retails around US$800 as of September 2014, and it took the printer about an hour to produce the bullet[31]
  • ABS thermoplastic material was used[31]
  • During testing, the bullet blasted through a 2×12 piece of pine wood, and also created a hole in a wire reel[31]
Charon[33][34][35] 2013-05May 2013[33] Part: AR-15 semi automatic rifle lower receiver[33][34][35] Fused deposition modeling (FDM) method[36] LulzBot Taz[37] WarFairy[34][35] Charon V3 weighs 0.2 pounds and showed no signs of strain even after 96 rounds of 5.56 AR-15 ammo was fired.[36]
WarFairy P-15[33] 2013-05May 2013[33] Part: Fabrique Nationale P90 stock[33] Fused deposition modeling (FDM) method[36] LulzBot Taz[37] WarFairy[34][35] The stock works a lower receiver for the FN-P90 but would work with any standard AR.[37]
3DX[38][39] muzzle brake 2013-07July 2013[38] Part: AR-15 semi automatic rifle Muzzle brake[38] Direct metal laser sintering (DMLS) method[38] Sintercore[38]
  • It is designed to tame the recoil and muzzle rise of the AR-15 semi automatic rifle chambered for .223 caliber (5.56×45mm) NATO rounds.[38] It uses metal Inconel material[40]
  • It fired 7900 rounds during testing on semi-auto.[39] During a test on full auto, 10 magazines of 62 grain green tip 5.56 rounds were all fired without any issues.[39]
  • US Special Operation Command’s (USSOCOM) Science and Technology Directorate invited Neal (the owner of Sintercore) to demonstrate the 3DX muzzle brake for possible use by its elite troops. They tested it on August 5, 2014.[39]
*Grizzly (.22-caliber rifle)[2][41]
  • Grizzly 2.0 (.22-caliber rifle)[42]
2013-08August 2013[41] Weapon: .22 Long Rifle[2] Stratasys Dimension 1200es[41] "Matthew" (pseudonym)[41][43]
  • The original Grizzly fired 1 shot then broke.[41] Grizzly 2.0 fired 14 bullets before getting damaged due to the strain.[43]
  • According to the Daily Mail, the Grizzly 2.0 performed so well that the inventor "Matthew" was able to put it to his shoulder and shot off three rounds with the rifle pressed against his cheek without hurting him.[42]
  • The printer costs US$10,000 as of August 2013[42]
Americas Cup sailor’s knife[44][45] 2013-08August 2013[44][45] Weapon: Titanium Knife[44][45] Selective laser melting method (using Titanium Powder processing)[44][45] Unknown NZ$1.2 million printer.[44][45] Rapid Advanced Manufacturing[44][45] According to the New Zealand Herald: "They threw it off a building on to asphalt from approximately 14m and they did that about 20 times, and then they threw it against a brick wall about 10 times and then they ran it over with a forklift 10 times. That was their acceptance testing and it survived, it didn't get broken".[44][45]
Reprringer[2][46][47][48] 2013-09September 2013[46] Weapon: Pepper-box .22-Caliber revolver[2][46] Many plastic 3D printers[46] Hexen[46][47]
  • It can hold 5 bullets and is chambered in .22 Caliber caps.[46][47]
  • Unlike the many early 3D-printed firearm designs, which are usually massively overbuilt in order to withstand the pressures and strain on the material from modern gunpowder cartridges, the Reprringer is small and only slightly larger than the equivalent gun made from steel.[46]
5.56×45mm/.223 caliber rifle suppressors:
  • 556-45 Samson (Samson suppressor replica)
  • 556-SBR
  • 556-45 Suppressor[49]
2013-11November 2013[50] Part: Titanium 5.56mm/.223 caliber rifle suppressor and works for smaller rifles[49] Selective laser melting method (using Titanium Powder processing)[45] Unknown NZ$1.2 million printer.[50] Oceania Defence Ltd.[45][50][51] and Rapid Advanced Manufacturing[52]
  • It is an additively manufactured titanium weapon suppressor. It is 50% lighter than conventional steel weapons[45]
  • Oceania Defence has made three variations of the 5.56mm/.223-Caliber suppressor so far. They are: 556-45 Samson (an AR-15 suppressor designed to operate on semi auto Short-barreled rifle to 12.5" barrels), 556-SBR (designed for hard use on 10.5" barrel for AR-15 firearms in 5.56mm/.223 caliber ammunition) and 556-45 Suppressor (direct thread on suppressor which overlaps the barrel designed to reduce a baffle strike)[49]
7.62×51mm/.308 caliber rifle suppressors:
  • 300 BLK Long
  • 762-AR10
  • 762-G3[53]
2013-11November 2013[50] Part: Titanium suppressor for 7.62mm rifles[53] Selective laser melting using titanium powder[45] Unknown NZ$1.2 million printer.[50] Oceania Defence Ltd.[45][50][51] and Rapid Advanced Manufacturing[52]
  • It is an additively manufactured titanium weapon suppressor. It is 50% lighter than conventional steel weapons[45]
  • Oceania Defence made 3 variations of the 7.62mm rifle suppressor. They are: 300 BLK Long (designed for use with the 300 AAC Blackout system in both subsonic and supersonic and fits under the rail of a Samson or similar rail system on the AR-15-type rifle, but can to perform acceptably on bolt action 7.62×51mm/.308 caliber rifles as well), 762-AR10 Suppressor (designed for the AR-10/LAR-8 7.62mm/.308 caliber rifle but will also work with any bolt-action rifle in .30 caliber or less) and 762-G3 Suppressor (designed for the Heckler & Koch G3 and fits the HK91 series of 7.62mm/.308 caliber rifles, as well as the HK33 and HK93 series of 5.56×45mm rifles).[53]
9mm Carbine Long suppressor[54] 2013-11November 2013[50] Part: 9mm carbine suppressor[54] Selective laser melting using titanium powder[45] Unknown NZ$1.2 million printer.[50] Oceania Defence Ltd.[45][50][51] and Rapid Advanced Manufacturing[52]
  • Designed to operate on 9×19mm Parabellum carbines firing fully automatic.[54]
  • It is an additively manufactured titanium weapon suppressor. It is 50% lighter than conventional steel weapons[45]
  • It fits under the rail of a Samson or similar rail system on the AR-15-type rifle.[54]
  • This is a sealed can and is only suitable for use with jacketed bullets.[54]
The UTU (9mm pistol suppressor for M1911 and others)[55] 2013-11November 2013[50] Part: 9mm titanium pistol suppressor[55] Selective laser melting using titanium powder[45] Unknown NZ$1.2 million printer.[50] Oceania Defence Ltd.[45][50][51] and Rapid Advanced Manufacturing[52]
  • It is an additively manufactured titanium weapon suppressor. It is 50% lighter than conventional steel weapons[45]
  • It is designed with a Neilsen which allows it to be used with most of the common John Browning tilting-barrel designs including the swinging-linked M1911 and the cam-lock system operated Glock pistols. The Neilsen is an assembly in the aft end of the suppressor that allows the gasses to push the suppressor forward while allowing the unimpeded rearward movement of the barrel and slide assembly using a stainless steel spring and titanium piston.[55]
  • It is able to function well with a wide range of ammo, although its sound reduction performs best with subsonic bullets heavier than 124 grains, with 147 or 158 grain bullets being the quietest.[55]
  • It is designed to be run wet or dry, averaging 127.7–128.4 dBA with 147 grain or 127.6–134.2 dBA with 124 grain when dry and 123.1 dBA with 147 grain or 129.1 dBA with 124 grain when wet.[55]
Solid Concepts 1911 DMLS[3][4] 2013-11November 2013[3][4] Weapon: Browning 1911 handgun[2][3][4] Direct metal laser sintering (DMLS)[3][4] EOSINT M270 Direct Metal 3D Printer[56] Solid Concepts[2][3][4]
  • Fired more than 600 bullets without any damage to the gun.[4]
  • The metal printer used to create the weapon cost between US$500,000 to $1 million at the time the gun was created (November 2013).[4]
  • The gun is made up of 34 3D-printed components.[5]
The Israel drum magazine[57][58] 2013-12December 2013[57][58] Part: AR-15 semi automatic rifle 75-round drum magazine[57][58] Many plastic 3D printers[57] FOSSCAD members[57][58] It is a 75-round drum magazine for .223 Remington/5.56 NATO AR-15 rifles. It can be installed into a Charon 3D-printed lower receiver.[57][58]
The Yee drum magazine[57][58] 2013-12December 2013[57][58] Part: AK-family (e.g. AK-47, AK-102, AK-104 and compatible variants) 75-round drum magazine[57][58] FOSSCAD members[57][58] 75-round drum magazine for 7.62×39mm AK-pattern rifles[57][58]
Tornado multi-role aircraft spare and repair parts: 2014-01January 2014[59] Part: Tornado parts[59] Direct metal laser sintering (DMLS)[60] BAE Systems[59]
  • It is the first fighter jet to fly with 3D printed parts[59]
  • The company claims that with 3D printing some of the parts costing less than £100 per piece to manufacture, resulting in savings of more than £300,000 and will offer further potential cost savings of more than £1.2 million between 2014 and 2017.[61]
Zig zag revolver[2][62] 2014-05May 2014[62] Weapon: .38 Caliber Revolver[2] Fused deposition modeling (FDM)[2] Unknown US$500 plastic 3D-printer used[62] Yoshitomo Imura[62]
  • It was named after the German Mauser Zig-Zag revolver.[48]
  • It holds a capacity of six bullets and can fire .38 caliber bullets.[48]
  • The printer he used cost US$500 at the time.[62]
Hanuman AR-15 Bullpup[63][64] 2014-05May 2014[63][64] Part: AR-15 semi automatic rifle Bullpup[63][64] Many plastic 3D-printers WarFairy[63][64]
  • According to the creators "It requires a bufferless upper to function, such as the ARAK-21 or Rock River Arms PDS Carbine, or a regular upper with a CMMG Style .22LR Conversion installed."[63]
  • It is designed to be printed using ABS plastic.[64]
SKS grip and stock[48][65] 2014-05May 2014[48] Part: SKS semi automatic rifle grip and stock[48] Many plastic 3D-printers FOSSCAD members[48]
Škorpion vz. 61 grip and stock[48][65] 2014-05May 2014[48] Part: Škorpion vz. 61 sub machine gun grip and stock[48] Many plastic 3D-printers[65] FOSSCAD members[48]
Improvised Explosive Device 2014-06June 2014[66][67][68] Weapon: Bomb[66][67][68] Object24 3D-printer[66][67][68] FBI[66][67][68] The FBI is testing IED devices created using 3D printers to determine its feasibility and risk. They will also use it for training purposes. The FBI spokesman Ann Todd said: "The 3D printer is cutting-edge technology that will be used by the Terrorist Explosive Device Analytical Center to enhance their capabilities in exploiting improvised explosive devices."[66][67][68]
Rocket 2014-07July 2014.[69] Weapon: Rocket Fused deposition modeling (FDM)[69] University of Arizona[69]
  • The rocket was made with a very low budget.[69] The cost was undisclosed.
  • The circuit boards were also 3D printed.[69]
  • The design produced via 3D printing reduced drag and increased efficiency by 85%.[69]
Ruger Charger[70][71][72] 2014-07July 2014[71] Weapon: Ruger 10/22 semi-automatic pistol[71] Fused deposition modeling (FDM)[73] Unknown small format 3D printer[70] "Buck-o-Fama" (pseudonym)[71]
  • It is the pistol version of the popular Ruger 10/22 rifle, and comes standard with 10-round flush magazines and can also accept high-capacity magazines including 30 rounds or more.[70][71]
  • "Buck O’Fama" claims that the receiver was printed using an inexpensive, small format 3D printer, in 2 sections, and then those sections were crazy-glued together.[70]
Imura Revolver[74][75][76] 2014-09September 2014[75] Weapon: .38 Caliber Revolver[74][75] FOSSCAD members: WarFairy, Frostbyte and others[76]
  • It was named in honor of Yoshitomo Imura who was arrested by Japanese police for creating the Zig zag revolver.[76]
  • It is a double-action revolver[76] and holds six shots[77]
  • It is mostly plastic but includes a steel barrel liner and chamber sleeves[76] to increase tensile strength.[78]
Wounded soldier raptor[79] 2014-09September 2014[79] Other: Customisable Prosthetic hand including KA-BAR pistol Bayonet and flashlight mount[79] Aaron Brown[79]
  • It is designed to be easily 3D printed and constructed by anyone, includes documentation and there is no need for the screws.[79]
  • It is equipped with a Picatinny rail system, which allows for any tools or accessories to be attached as an add on. The creator said: "the simplicity of these rails makes the idea of mounting nearly ANYTHING a possibility. It would be very easy to print a bracket for anything from a marker, toothbrush, spoon, paintbrush, and nearly anything we can imagine"[79]
  • The creator Aaron Brown stated he put a mount for a KA-BAR pistol bayonet "right into the handle" and included a flashlight mount[79]
  • The device is also colored using a camouflaged color scheme.[79]
  • It cost less than $100 to print including the price of the flashlight and bayonet.[79]
Reason (M1911 pistol chambered in 10mm Auto)[80] 2013-11October 2014 Weapon: 10mm Auto Direct metal laser sintering (DMLS)[81] EOSINT M280 Direct Metal 3D Printer[82] Solid Concepts[82]
  • Created roughly after a year the first known metal 3D printed gun was produced.[80]
  • Has the word "Reason" etched on it, along with an excerpt from the Declaration of Independence on the barrel.[81]
CM901[83] 2015-03March 2015 Weapon: 7.62×51mm NATO Fused deposition modeling (FDM) Da Vinci 3D Printed Firearm[84]
Shuty V2[85] 2015-05May 2015 Weapon: 9×19mm Parabellum Fused deposition modeling (FDM) Fusion3 F306 Derwood
Washbear[86] 2015-09September 2015 Weapon: Pepper-box .22LR revolver Fused deposition modeling (FDM) RepRap James R. Patrick
XPR-1[87] 2015-10October 2015 Weapon: Plasma armature Railgun Fused deposition modeling (FDM) Kossel David Wirth[88]
  • First 3D printed railgun structure
  • Closed source - designs and code released to research institutions only
  • Employed a mixture of traditional and additive manufacturing. Rails were traditionally machined, as well as the fasteners and electronics.
Shuty MP-1[89] 2016-01January 2016 Weapon: 9×19mm Parabellum[90] Fused deposition modeling (FDM) Fusion3 F306[90] Derwood
Shuty WTF-9[91] 2017-04April 2017 Weapon: 9×19mm Parabellum Fused deposition modeling (FDM) Fusion3 F306 Derwood
Shuty AP-9[92] 2017-04April 2017 Weapon: 9×19mm Parabellum Fused deposition modeling (FDM) Fusion3 F306 Derwood

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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