List of tropical cyclone records

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This is a condensed list of tropical cyclone records.[1]

Major records[edit]

Characteristic Record Date Location Note
Most intense
(lowest central pressure)
870 mb (hPa) (25.69 inHg) October 12, 1979 Typhoon Tip in northwest Pacific Ocean [2][3]
Most intense
(1-minute maximum sustained surface winds)
96 m/s (215 mph, 185 kt, 345 km/h) October 23, 2015 Hurricane Patricia in eastern Pacific Basin [4]
Most intense
(10-minute maximum sustained winds)
77 m/s (175 mph, 150 kt, 280 km/h) February 20, 2016 Cyclone Winston in south Pacific Basin [5]
Most intense at landfall
(1-minute maximum sustained winds)
88 m/s (196 mph, 170 kt, 315 km/h) November 7, 2013
September 13, 2016
Typhoon Haiyan on Samar, Philippines
Typhoon Meranti on Itbayat, Philippines
[6][7]
Most intense at landfall
(10-minute maximum sustained winds)
77 m/s (175 mph, 150 kt, 280 km/h) February 20, 2016 Cyclone Winston on Viti Levu, Fiji. [5]
Fastest intensification
(central pressure)
100 mb (hPa), from 976 mb (hPa) to 876 mb (hPa) in under 24 h September 22 – 23, 1983 Typhoon Forrest (1983) in the northwest Pacific Ocean [8][9]
Fastest intensification
(1-minute sustained surface winds)
55 m/s (120 mph, 105 kt, 195 km/h), from 40 m/s (85 mph, 75 kt, 140 km/h) to 95 m/s (205 mph, 180 kt, 335 km/h) in under 24 h October 22 – 23, 2015 Hurricane Patricia in eastern Pacific Basin [4]
Highest wind gusts 113 m/s (253 mph, 220 kt, 408 km/h) April 10, 1996 Cyclone Olivia in Barrow Island, Western Australia, Australia [10]
Highest storm surge 14.5 m (48 ft) March 5, 1899 Cyclone Mahina in Bathurst Bay, Queensland, Australia [11]
Highest overall rainfall 6,083 mm (239.5 in) January 14 – 28, 1980 Cyclone Hyacinthe in Reunion Island [12]
Largest tropical cyclone
(diameter)
Gale winds (17 m/s, 34 kt, 39 mph, 63 km/h) extending 2,220 km (1,380 mi) from center October 12, 1979 Typhoon Tip in northwest Pacific Ocean [2][13]
Smallest tropical cyclone
(winds from center)
Gale winds (17 m/s, 34 kt, 39 mph, 63 km/h) extending 18.5 km (11.5 mi) from center October 7, 2008 Tropical Storm Marco in Bay of Campeche [14]
Largest eye
370 km (230 mi) August 20, 1960 Typhoon Carmen in northwest Pacific Ocean [15]
Smallest eye
3.7 km (2.3 mi) October 19, 2005 Hurricane Wilma in Caribbean [16]
Warmest eye 32.2 °C (90.0 °F) at 758 hPa height October 23, 2015 Hurricane Patricia in eastern Pacific Ocean [17]
Longest lasting tropical cyclone 31 days August 11 – September 10, 1994 Hurricane/Typhoon John in northeast and northwest Pacific Basin [18]
Longest distance traveled by tropical cyclone 13,280 km (7,165 mi) August 11 – September 10, 1994 Hurricane/Typhoon John in northeast and northwest Pacific Basin [19]
Longest lasting Category 5 windsα 5.50 days September 9–14, 1961 Typhoon Nancy (1961) in west Pacific Basin [20]
Costliest tropical cyclone $108 billion (2005 USD) in damages August 29, 2005 Hurricane Katrina in western Atlantic and the Gulf of Mexico [21]
Deadliest tropical cyclone c. 500,000+ fatalities November 12, 1970 1970 Bhola cyclone in Bay of Bengal [22]
Closest proximity to the equator 0.7° N November 28, 2004 Cyclone Agni in the North Indian Ocean [23]
Heaviest natural object moved 177 short tons (161 t) November 8, 2013 Typhoon Haiyan on Samar, Philippines [24]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

 It is believed that reconnaissance aircraft overestimated wind speeds in tropical cyclones from the 1940s to the 1960s, and data from this time period is generally considered unreliable. Consequently, Typhoon Nancy may not have sustained Category 5 winds for such a long duration.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Cerveny, Randall S.; Jay Lawrimore; Roger Edwards; Christopher Landsea (June 2007). "Extreme Weather Records. Compilation, Adjudication, and Publication". Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society. 88 (6): 853–860. Bibcode:2007BAMS...88..853C. doi:10.1175/BAMS-88-6-853. 
  2. ^ a b George M. Dunnavan & John W. Dierks (1980). "An Analysis of Super Typhoon Tip (October 1979)" (PDF). Joint Typhoon Warning Center. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-02-28. Retrieved 2007-01-24. 
  3. ^ "Faq : Hurricanes, Typhoons, And Tropical Cyclones". Aoml.noaa.gov. Retrieved 2008-12-23. 
  4. ^ a b "Hurricane Patricia - EP202015" (PDF). National Hurricane Center. Retrieved 2016-02-06. 
  5. ^ a b Diamond, Howard (5 July 2017). "Southwest Pacific Enhanced Archive for Tropical Cyclones (SPEArTC)". Retrieved 6 July 2017. 
  6. ^ Jeff Masters (November 7, 2013). "Super Typhoon Haiyan: Strongest Landfalling Tropical Cyclone on Record". Weather Underground. Retrieved November 8, 2013. 
  7. ^ Smith, Nicola (14 September 2016). "Typhoon Meranti: fears for tiny Philippine island in eye of a megastorm". The Guardian. Taipei. Retrieved 14 September 2016. 
  8. ^ Japan Meteorological Agency (October 10, 1992). RSMC Best Track Data – 1980–1989 (.TXT) (Report). Retrieved September 20, 2013. 
  9. ^ The Japan Meteorological Agency is the official Regional Specialized Meteorological Center for the western Pacific Ocean.
  10. ^ "Info note No.58 — World Record Wind Gust: 408 km/h". World Meteorological Association. 2010-01-22. Archived from the original on 2013-01-20. 
  11. ^ "Faq : Hurricanes, Typhoons, And Tropical Cyclones". Aoml.noaa.gov. Retrieved 2008-12-23. 
  12. ^ "Some Remarkable Values in the SW Indian Ocean" (PDF). Meteo France. Retrieved 2015-07-30. 
  13. ^ "Faq : Hurricanes, Typhoons, And Tropical Cyclones". Aoml.noaa.gov. Archived from the original on 2008-12-22. Retrieved 2008-12-23. 
  14. ^ NHC Hurricane Research Division (2008-01-01). "Atlantic hurricane best track ("HURDAT")". NOAA. Retrieved 2008-10-08. 
  15. ^ Evans, Bill. It's Raining Fish and Spiders. Hurricane Extremes: Google Ebooks. Retrieved 20 August 2015. 
  16. ^ A Dictionary of Weather. Weather Records: Storm Dunlop. Retrieved 20 August 2015. 
  17. ^ Hurricane Hunters (October 23, 2015). "[Hurricane Patricia Decoded Dropsonde Information]". Tropical Globe. Retrieved October 24, 2015. 
  18. ^ Dorst, Neal (2004). "Which tropical cyclone lasted the longest?". NOAA Tropical cyclone FAQ. NOAA. Retrieved 2006-05-22. 
  19. ^ Neal Dorst (2006). "What is the farthest a tropical cyclone has traveled ?". Hurricane Research Division. Archived from the original on 2009-05-19. Retrieved 2007-02-23. 
  20. ^ "Faq : Hurricanes, Typhoons, And Tropical Cyclones". Aoml.noaa.gov. Retrieved 2008-12-23. 
  21. ^ http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/HAW2/english/history.shtml
  22. ^ Frank, Neil; Husain, S. A. (June 1971). "The deadliest tropical cyclone in history?" (PDF). Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society. American Meteorological Society. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-02-28. Retrieved 2007-04-15. 
  23. ^ Gary Padgett (2002). "December 2001 Worldwide Tropical Weather Summary". Retrieved 2010-04-14. 
  24. ^ Hooper Ben (2014-12-19). "Supertyphoon moved 177-ton boulder 150 feet". UPI. Retrieved 2014-12-19. 

External links[edit]