List of observances set by the Hebrew calendar

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All observances begin at sunset the day prior to the Gregorian date listed unless otherwise noted, and end on nightfall of the date in question; which is defined as the appearance of three stars in the sky. On leap years (which occur every 2–3 years) an extra month; Adar II, is added and certain holidays move accordingly, and it is mentioned in the notes section. All fasts other than Yom Kippur and Tisha b'Av at dawn of the day listed.

Holidays for the Jewish calendar year of 5779 (2018–2019)[edit]

Yom tov for the Three Pilgrimage Festivals (Pesach, Shavuot, and Sukkot) is observed for 1 day in Israel and in Reform and most Reconstructionist communities around the world, and is observed for 2 days in Orthodox and most Conservative communities outside Israel, because of yom tov sheni shel galuyot. In the table, these are referred to as 1-day and 2-day communities.

Date on Hebrew calendar Gregorian date Hebrew Name Notes
1-2 Tishrei September 9-11, 2018 Rosh Hashanah Public holiday in Israel
1-10 Tishrei September 9-19, 2018 Ten Days of Repentance
3 Tishrei September 12, 2018 Fast of Gedalia Public holiday in Israel, changes to Tishrei 4 when Tishrei 3 is Shabbat
Movable September 15, 2018 Shabbat Shuvah (Sabbath of Return, or Sabbath of Repentance) Shabbat between Rosh Hashanah and Yom Kippur
9 Tishrei September 18, 2018 Erev Yom Kippur Yom Kippur Eve
10 Tishrei September 19, 2018 Yom Kippur Public holiday in Israel. Unlike other fasting days, this does not move to avoid interfering with Shabbat.
14 Tishrei September 23, 2018 Erev Sukkot Sukkot Eve
15-21 Tishrei September 24-30, 2018 Sukkot One of the Three Pilgrimage Festivals, public holiday in Israel
16-21 Tishrei (1-day communities) / 17-21 Tishrei (2-day communities) September 25-30, 2018 (1-day communities) /September 26-30, 2018 (2-day communities) Chol HaMoed Sukkot Public holiday in Israel. Seharane is celebrated by Kurdish Jews during this time, but only in the State of Israel. Outside of Israel Seharane is celebrated after Passover.
Movable September 29, 2018 Shabbat Chol Hamoed Sukkot
21 Tishrei September 30, 2018 Hoshanah Rabbah
22 Tishrei October 1, 2018 Shemini Atzeret Public holiday in Israel. Includes Simchat Torah in 1-day communities.
23 Tishrei October 2, 2018 Simchat Torah 2-day communities only
Movable October 6, 2018 Shabbat Mevorchim Shabbat preceding and beginning a week containing a Rosh Chodesh
30 Tishrei - 1 Cheshvan October 9-10, 2018 Rosh Chodesh of Cheshvan
Movable October 15, 2018 Bahab First Monday of Cheshvan
Movable October 18, 2018 Bahab First Thursday of Cheshvan after the first Monday
7 Cheshvan October 16, 2018 V'tein Tal u-Matar ("Deliver Dew and Rain") This is a prayer added to the Shemoneh Esrei prayers in Israel. If no rain has fallen by the 17th of Cheshvan, special prayers are added for rain [1]
7 Cheshvan October 16, 2018 Yom HaAliyah Observed in Israeli schools on 7 Cheshvan with 10 Nisan being the public holiday in Israel.
12 Cheshvan October 21, 2018 Rabin Day Public holiday in Israel
Movable October 22, 2018 Bahab Monday following first Thursday of Cheshvan
Movable November 3, 2018 Shabbat Mevorchim Shabbat preceding and beginning a week containing a Rosh Chodesh
29 Cheshvan November 7, 2018 Sigd Public holiday in Israel
1 Kislev November 9, 2018 Rosh Chodesh of Kislev In years when Cheshvan has 30 days, this also includes 30 Cheshvan.
1 Kislev November 9, 2018 1 Kislev Non Rosh Chodesh related observance, Chabad sect only
6 Kislev November 14, 2018 Ben-Gurion Day Public holiday in Israel
9 Kislev November 17, 2018 9 Kislev Chabad sect only
10 Kislev November 18, 2018 10 Kislev Chabad sect only
19 Kislev November 27, 2018 19 Kislev Chabad sect only
23 Kislev December 1, 2018 Teacher's Day in Israel
24 Kislev— 2 Tevet December 2-10, 2018 Hanukkah Public holiday in Israel. Ends 3 Tevet if Kislev is short.
Movable December 8, 2018 Shabbat Mevorchim Shabbat preceding and beginning a week containing a Rosh Chodesh
30 Kislev - 1 Tevet December 8-9, 2018 Rosh Chodesh of Tevet
5 Tevet December 13, 2018 5 Tevet Chabad sect only
10 Tevet December 18, 2018 Tenth of Tevet Public holiday in Israel
Movable January 5, 2019 Shabbat Mevorchim Shabbat preceding and beginning a week containing a Rosh Chodesh
29 Tevet January 6, 2019 Yom Kippur Katan Optional. If Yom Kippur Katan falls on a Friday or Saturday, it is moved to the preceding Thursday to avoid interfering with Shabbat.
1 Shevat January 7, 2019 Rosh Chodesh of Shevat
10 Shevat January 16, 2019 10 Shevat Chabad sect only
Movable January 19, 2019 Shabbat Shirah Shabbat that falls on or before Tu BiShvat
15 Shevat January 21, 2019 Tu BiShvat Public holiday in Israel
22 Shevat January 22, 2019 22 Shevat Chabad sect only
Movable February 2, 2019 Shabbat Shekalim Shabbat on or before Rosh Chodesh Adar
29 Shevat February 4, 2019 Yom Kippur Katan Optional. If Yom Kippur Katan falls on a Friday or Saturday, it is moved to the preceding Thursday to avoid interfering with Shabbat.
30 Shevat - 1 Adar I February 5-6, 2019 Rosh Chodesh of Adar
14 Adar I February 19, 2019 Purim Katan Minor Purim celebration on Adar I during leap years. Purim itself is celebrated in Adar II.
29 Adar I March 6, 2019 Yom Kippur Katan Optional. If Yom Kippur Katan falls on a Friday or Saturday, it is moved to the preceding Thursday to avoid interfering with Shabbat.
1 Adar II March 8, 2019 Rosh Chodesh of Adar II Adar II is added on leap years only
7 Adar II March 14, 2019 Seventh of Adar On Adar II on leap years, Adar I on non-leap years
Movable March 16, 2019 Shabbat Zachor Shabbat immediately preceding Purim. On leap years, this falls on the 1st of Adar II, or on the 1st of Adar II itself if it is Shabbat. Adar I on non-leap years.
13 Adar II March 20, 2019 Fast of Esther Public holiday in Israel. Starts at dawn. Can be moved to avoid conflict with the Sabbath. On Adar II on leap years, Adar I on non-leap years.
14 Adar II March 21, 2019 Purim Public holiday in Israel On Adar II on leap years, Adar I on non-leap years.
15 Adar II March 22, 2019 Shushan Purim On Adar II on leap years, Adar I on non-leap years.
Movable March 29, 2019 Shabbat Parah Shabbat preceding Shabbat HaChodesh
29 Adar II April 4, 2019 Yom Kippur Katan Optional. If Yom Kippur Katan falls on a Friday or Saturday, it is moved to the preceding Thursday to avoid interfering with Shabbat.
Movable April 5, 2019 Shabbat HaChodesh Shabbat on or immediately preceding Rosh Chodesh of Nisan
1 Nisan April 6, 2019 Rosh Chodesh of Nisan
Movable April 13, 2019 Shabbat HaGadol Shabbat immediately preceding Passover
10 Nisan April 15, 2019 Yom HaAliyah Public holiday in Israel
11 Nisan April 16, 2019 11 Nisan (Chabad sect only)
11 Nisan April 16, 2019 Education and Sharing Day United States
12 Nisan April 17, 2019 Fast of the Firstborn on 12 Nisan when the 14th falls on Sabbath
13 Nisan April 18, 2019 Bedikas Chametz
15-21 Nisan (1-day communities) / 15-22 Nisan (2-day communities) April 20-26, 2019 / April 20-27, 2019 Passover Public holiday in Israel. One of the Three Pilgrimage Festivals.
16 Nisan - 5 Sivan April 21-June 8, 2018 Counting the Omer
Movable April 28 - May 5, 2019 Days of Remembrance of the Victims of the Holocaust United States, Sunday before Yom Hashoah to following Sunday
16-20 Nisan (1-day communities) / 17-20 Nisan (2-day communities) April 21-25, 2019 / April 22-25, 2019 Chol HaMoed Pesach Public holiday in Israel.
Movable Does not occur this year Shabbat Chol Hamoed Pesach
21 Nisan April 26, 2019 Shvi'i shel Pesach Public holiday in Israel.
22 Nisan (1-day communities) / 23 Nisan (2-day communities) April 27, 2019 / April 28, 2019 Mimouna Public holiday in Israel
23 Nisan April 28, 2019 Seharane Seharane is celebrated by Kurdish Jews outside of Israel on this date. In the state of Israel, it is celebrated on Chol HaMoed Sukkot. (see entry for that holiday)
23 Nisan (22 Nisan within Israel) April 28, 2019 (April 27, 2019) Shab Shal Iranian Jews, end of Passover holiday.
27 Nisan May 2, 2019 Yom HaShoah Public holiday in Israel. Moved to 26 or 28 Nisan when the 27th falls on Friday or Sunday respectively, interfering with Shabbat.
Movable May 4, 2019 Shabbat Mevorchim Shabbat preceding and beginning a week containing a Rosh Chodesh
30 Nisan - 1 Iyar May 5-6, 2019 Rosh Chodesh of Iyar
2 Iyar May 7, 2019 2 Iyar Chabad sect only.
First Monday of Iyar Bahab
4 Iyar May 8, 2019 Yom Hazikaron Public holiday in Israel. Might be moved to avoid conflict with Independence Day (Israel) or Shabbat.
5 Iyar May 9, 2019 Day to Praise Same day as Independence Day (Israel), see next entry.
5 Iyar May 9, 2019 Independence Day (Israel) Public holiday in Israel. Might be moved to avoid conflict with Yom Hazikaron or Shabbat.
First Thursday of Iyar Bahab
Monday following first Thursday of Iyar Bahab
10 Iyar May 15, 2019 Herzl Day Public holiday in Israel.
14 Iyar May 19, 2019 Pesach Sheni
18 Iyar May 23, 2019 Lag Ba'omer Public holiday in Israel.
Movable Shabbat Mevorchim
28 Iyar Fast of Samuel Fast is optional and is generally only observed by Chevra kadisha
28 Iyar Jerusalem Day Public holiday in Israel.
29 Iyar Yom Kippur Katan Optional. If Yom Kippur Katan falls on a Friday or Saturday, it is moved to the preceding Thursday to avoid interfering with Shabbat.
1 Sivan Rosh Chodesh of Sivan
6 Sivan (1-day communities) / 6-7 Sivan (2-day communities) June 6, 2019 / June 6-7, 2019 Shavuot One of the Three Pilgrimage Festivals. Public holiday in Israel.
20 Sivan June 23, 2019 Fast of the Khmelnytsky massacres Not widely observed
29 Sivan July 2, 2019 Yom Kippur Katan Optional. If Yom Kippur Katan falls on a Friday or Saturday, it is moved to the preceding Thursday to avoid interfering with Shabbat.
30 Sivan - 1 Tammuz Rosh Chodesh of Tammuz
3 Tammuz 3 Tammuz Chabad sect only
12-13 Tammuz 12-13 Tammuz Chabad sect only
17 Tammuz Seventeenth of Tammuz Can be moved to avoid interfering with Shabbat. Public holiday in Israel.
17 Tammuz - 9 Av The Three Weeks
29 Tammuz Jabotinsky Day Public holiday in Israel.
29 Tammuz Yom Kippur Katan Optional. If Yom Kippur Katan falls on a Friday or Saturday, it is moved to the preceding Thursday to avoid interfering with Shabbat.
1 Av Rosh Chodesh of Av
1 Av - 9 Av The Nine Days
3 Av Feast of the First Fruits of Wine From the Dead Sea Scrolls not celebrated by any modern Jewish sect
Movable Shabbat Chazon Shabbat immediately prior to Tisha B'Av
9 Av Tisha B'Av Public holiday in Israel.
15 Av Tu B'Av Public holiday in Israel.
Movable Shabat Nachamu Shabbat immediately following Tisha B'av
30 Av Yom Kippur Katan Optional. If Yom Kippur Katan falls on a Friday or Saturday, it is moved to the preceding Thursday to avoid interfering with Shabbat.
30 Av - 1 Elul Rosh Hashanah LaBehema and Rosh Chodesh of Elul
15 Elul 15 Elul Chabad sect only
18 Elul Chai Elul Chabad sect only
Movable Leil Selichot prayers begin under Ashkenazic tradition These prayers begin on the Saturday night before Rosh Hashanah. If, however, the first day of Rosh Hashanah falls on Monday or Tuesday, the prayers are begun the Saturday night prior to ensure that Selichot are recited at least four times.
29 Elul Erev Rosh Hashanah

Non-annual observances[edit]

  • Purim Katan - Minor Purim celebration on Adar I during leap years. Purim itself is celebrated in Adar II. The next time this will happen is the Jewish year 5779, on February 19, 2019.[2]
  • Purim Mehulash - Rare calendar occurrence when Purim in Israel falls on Shabbat. The next time this will happen is 2021.[3]
  • Jewish calendar year 5782 - Shmita - September 7, 2021 - September 25, 2022 (Observed every seven years)[4]
  • Jewish calendar year 5783 - Hakhel - Observed every seven years, comes after Shimita year.
  • 14 Nisan 5769 - Birkat Hachama - April 8, 2037 (Observed every 28 years)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]