List of odd-toed ungulates by population

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This is a list of odd-toed ungulate species by estimated global population. This list misses data on Tapirus terrestris, which has not yet been estimated.

Common name Binomial name Population Status Trend Notes Image
Javan rhinoceros Rhinoceros sondaicus 68 CR[1] Steady[1] Maximum Estimate. It is only found in Ujung Kulon national park in the islands of Java, Indonesia.
Sumatran rhinoceros Dicerorhinus sumatrensis 34-47 CR[2] Decrease[2] Maximum estimate.[2]
Przewalski's horse Equus ferus przewalskii 300[3] EN[3] Increase[3] Wild numbers only. Previously extinct in the wild.[3]
African wild ass Equus africanus 600[4] CR[4] Decrease[4] Maximum estimate. A small population may still exist in Somalia.[4]
Malayan Tapir Tapirus Indicus 1,500–2,500[5] EN Decrease
Grévy's zebra Equus grevyi 2,350[6] EN[6] Steady[6]
Mountain tapir Tapirus pinchaque 2,500[7] EN[7] Decrease[7] Maximum estimate.[7]
Indian rhinoceros Rhinoceros unicornis 3,588[8] VU[8] Increase[8] It increased from 75 in 1905 to 3,600 currently in 115 years. It is upgraded from endangered to vulnerable.
Black rhinoceros Diceros bicornis 5,366–5,627[9] CR[9] Increase[9] Four subspecies: Southern-central (2,220), South-western (1,920), Eastern (740), and Western (0; considered recently extinct).[9]
Baird's tapir Tapirus bairdii 5,500[10] EN[10] Decrease[10] Maximum estimate.[10]
White rhinoceros Ceratotherium simum 17,212-18,915[11] NT[11] Decrease[11]
Mountain zebra Equus zebra 26,500[12] VU[12] Unknown[12] Two subspecies:Hartmann's (25,000) & Cape (1,500).[12]
Onager Equus hemionus 55,737[13] NT[13] Steady[13]
Kiang Equus kiang 60,000–70,000[14] LC[14] Steady[14]
Plains zebra Equus quagga 500,000[15] NT[15] Decrease[15]
Mule Equus asinus x Equus caballus 10,000,000[16] Domesticated
Donkey Equus africanus asinus 40,000,000[17] Domesticated
Horse Equus ferus caballus 58,000,000[18] Domesticated

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b Ellis, S.; Talukdar, B. (2020). "Rhinoceros sondaicus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2020: e.T19495A18493900. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2020-2.RLTS.T19495A18493900.en. Retrieved 13 November 2021.
  2. ^ a b c Ellis, S.; Talukdar, B. (2020). "Dicerorhinus sumatrensis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2020: e.T6553A18493355. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2020-2.RLTS.T6553A18493355.en. Retrieved 13 November 2021.
  3. ^ a b c d Boyd, L. & King, S.R.B. (2011). "Equus ferus przewalskii". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2011. Retrieved 2012-11-20.
  4. ^ a b c d Moehlman, P.D.; Kebede, F.; Yohannes, H. (2015). "Equus africanus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2015: e.T7949A45170994. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2015-2.RLTS.T7949A45170994.en. Retrieved 13 November 2021.
  5. ^ Unknown (2011). "Tapir Specialist Group". nil. Archived from the original on 2007-09-28. Retrieved 2015-01-04.
  6. ^ a b c Rubenstein, D.; Low Mackey, B.; Davidson, ZD, Kebede, F.; King, S.R.B. (2016). "Equus grevyi". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2016: e.T7950A89624491. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-3.RLTS.T7950A89624491.en. Retrieved 13 November 2021.{{cite journal}}: CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  7. ^ a b c d Lizcano, D.J.; Amanzo, J.; Castellanos, A.; Tapia, A.; Lopez-Malaga, C.M. (2016). "Tapirus pinchaque". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2016: e.T21473A45173922. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-1.RLTS.T21473A45173922.en. Retrieved 13 November 2021.
  8. ^ a b c Ellis, S.; Talukdar, B. (2019). "Rhinoceros unicornis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2019: e.T19496A18494149. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2019-3.RLTS.T19496A18494149.en. Retrieved 13 November 2021.
  9. ^ a b c d Emslie, R. (2020). "Diceros bicornis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2020: e.T6557A152728945. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2020-1.RLTS.T6557A152728945.en. Retrieved 13 November 2021.
  10. ^ a b c d Garcìa, M.; Jordan, C.; O'Farril, G.; Poot, C.; Meyer, N.; Estrada, N.; Leonardo, R.; Naranjo, E.; Simons, Á.; Herrera, A.; Urgilés, C.; Schank, C.; Boshoff, L.; Ruiz-Galeano, M. (2016). "Tapirus bairdii". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2016: e.T21471A45173340. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-1.RLTS.T21471A45173340.en. Retrieved 13 November 2021.
  11. ^ a b c Emslie, R. (2020). "Ceratotherium simum". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2020: e.T4185A45813880. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2020-1.RLTS.T4185A45813880.en. Retrieved 13 November 2021.
  12. ^ a b c d Gosling, L.M.; Muntifering, J.; Kolberg, H.; Uiseb, K.; King, S.R.B. (2019). "Equus zebra". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2019: e.T7960A160755590. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2019-1.RLTS.T7960A160755590.en. Retrieved 13 November 2021.
  13. ^ a b c Kaczensky, P.; Lkhagvasuren, B.; Pereladova, O.; Hemami, M.; Bouskila, A. (2020). "Equus hemionus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2020: e.T7951A166520460. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2020-1.RLTS.T7951A166520460.en. Retrieved 13 November 2021.
  14. ^ a b c Shah, N.; St. Louis, A.; Qureshi, Q. (2015). "Equus kiang". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2015: e.T7953A45171635. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2015-4.RLTS.T7953A45171635.en. Retrieved 13 November 2021.
  15. ^ a b c King, S.R.B. & Moehlman, P.D. (2016). "Equus quagga". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2016: e.T41013A45172424. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-2.RLTS.T41013A45172424.en.
  16. ^ FAOSTAT. (country= world, year=2011, item=mules, element=stocks).
  17. ^ FAOSTAT. (country= world, year=2011, item=asses, element=stocks).
  18. ^ FAOSTAT. (country= world, year=2011, item=horses, element=stocks).