List of offshore wind farms

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Four offshore wind farms are in the Thames Estuary area: Kentish Flats, Gunfleet Sands, Thanet and London Array. The latter was largest in the world.
Map all coordinates using: OpenStreetMap 
Download coordinates as: KML · GPX

This page lists the largest offshore wind farms that are currently operational rated by nameplate capacity. It also lists the largest offshore wind farms currently under construction, the largest proposed offshore wind farms, and offshore wind farms with notability other than size.

As of January 2020 the Hornsea 1 in the United Kingdom is the largest offshore wind farm in the world at 1,218 MW.

Largest operational offshore wind farms[edit]

This is a list of offshore wind farms with at least 200 MW nameplate capacity that are currently operational.

Wind farm Location Site coordinates Capacity
(MW)
Turbines & model Commissioning
date
Refs
Hornsea 1  United Kingdom 53°53′06″N 1°47′28″E / 53.885°N 1.791°E / 53.885; 1.791 (Hornsea 1) 1,218 174 x Siemens SWT-7.0-154 2019 [1][2]
East Anglia ONE  United Kingdom 52°14′53.8573″N 2°30′23.4094″E / 52.248293694°N 2.506502611°E / 52.248293694; 2.506502611 714 102 x Siemens SWT-7.0-154 2020 [3][4]
Walney Extension  United Kingdom 54°5′17″N 3°44′17″W / 54.08806°N 3.73806°W / 54.08806; -3.73806 (Walney Extension) 659 40 x MHI-Vestas 8.25 MW
47 x Siemens Gamesa 7 MW
2018 [5]
London Array  United Kingdom 51°38′38″N 01°33′13″E / 51.64389°N 1.55361°E / 51.64389; 1.55361 (London Array) 630 175 × Siemens SWT-3.6-120 2013 [6][7][8]
Gemini Wind Farm  Netherlands 54°2′10″N 05°57′47″E / 54.03611°N 5.96306°E / 54.03611; 5.96306 (Gemini Wind Farm) 600 150 × Siemens SWT-4.0 2017 [9][10][11][12]
Beatrice  United Kingdom 58°7′48″N 3°4′12″W / 58.13000°N 3.07000°W / 58.13000; -3.07000 (Beatrice Wind Farm) 588 84 × Siemens SWT-7.0-154 2019 [13]
Gode Wind (phases 1+2)  Germany 54°04′N 7°02′E / 54.067°N 7.033°E / 54.067; 7.033 (Gode Wind I+II) 582 97 x Siemens SWT-6.0-154 2017 [14][15]
Gwynt y Môr  United Kingdom 53°27′00″N 03°35′00″W / 53.45000°N 3.58333°W / 53.45000; -3.58333 (Gwynt y Môr) 576 160 × Siemens SWT-3.6-107 2015 [16]
Race Bank  United Kingdom 53°16′N 0°50′E / 53.267°N 0.833°E / 53.267; 0.833 (Race Bank) 573 91 x Siemens SWT-6.0-154 2018 [17][18]
Greater Gabbard  United Kingdom 51°52′48″N 1°56′24″E / 51.88000°N 1.94000°E / 51.88000; 1.94000 (Greater Gabbard wind farm) 504 140 × Siemens SWT-3.6-107 2012 [19][20][21]
Hohe See  Germany 54°26′N 6°19′E / 54.433°N 6.317°E / 54.433; 6.317 497 71 x Siemens SWT-7.0-154 2019 [22]
Borkum Riffgrund 2  Germany 53°57′7″N 6°29′17″E / 53.95194°N 6.48806°E / 53.95194; 6.48806 (Borkum Riffgrund 2) 450 56 x MHI Vestas V164-8.0 MW 2019 [23]
Horns Rev 3  Denmark 55°49′N 7°42′E / 55.817°N 7.700°E / 55.817; 7.700 (Horns Rev 3) 407 49 x MHI Vestas V164-8.3 MW 2019 [24]
Dudgeon  United Kingdom 53°14′56″N 1°23′24″E / 53.24889°N 1.39000°E / 53.24889; 1.39000 (Dudgeon Offshore Wind Farm) 402 67 × Siemens SWT-6.0-154 2017 [25]
Veja Mate  Germany 54°19′1″N 5°52′15″E / 54.31694°N 5.87083°E / 54.31694; 5.87083 (Veja Mate Wind Farm) 402 67 × Siemens SWT-6.0-154 2017 [26][27]
Anholt  Denmark 56°36′00″N 11°12′36″E / 56.60000°N 11.21000°E / 56.60000; 11.21000 (Anholt Offshore Wind Farm) 400 111 × Siemens SWT-3.6-120 2013 [28][29][30][31]
BARD Offshore 1  Germany 54°22′0″N 5°59′0″E / 54.36667°N 5.98333°E / 54.36667; 5.98333 (BARD Offshore 1) 400 80 × BARD 5.0MW 2013 [32][33][34]
Global Tech I [de]  Germany 54°30′00″N 6°21′30″E / 54.50000°N 6.35833°E / 54.50000; 6.35833 (Global Tech I) 400 80 × Areva Multibrid M5000 5.0MW 2015 [35]
Rampion  United Kingdom 50°40′N 0°06′W / 50.667°N 0.100°W / 50.667; -0.100 (Rampion) 400 116 x MHI Vestas V112-3.45 MW 2018 [36]
Binhai North  China 34°40′04″N 120°21′29″E / 34.66778°N 120.35806°E / 34.66778; 120.35806 (Binhai North Wind) 400 100 x Siemens SWT-4.0-120 2018 [37]
Merkur  Germany 54°2′N 6°33′E / 54.033°N 6.550°E / 54.033; 6.550 396 66 x GE Haliade 150-6 MW 2019 [38]
West of Duddon Sands  United Kingdom 53°59′02″N 3°27′50″W / 53.98389°N 3.46389°W / 53.98389; -3.46389 (West of Duddon Sands) 389 108 × Siemens SWT-3.6-120 2014 [39][40]
Arkona [de]  Germany 54°46′55.200″N 14°7′15.600″E / 54.78200000°N 14.12100000°E / 54.78200000; 14.12100000 385 60 x Siemens SWT-6.0-154 2019 [41][42]
Norther Offshore Wind Farm  Belgium 51°31′40″N 3°1′55″E / 51.52778°N 3.03194°E / 51.52778; 3.03194 370 44 × Vestas V164-8.4 MW 2019
Walney
(phases 1&2)
 United Kingdom 54°02′38″N 3°31′19″W / 54.04389°N 3.52194°W / 54.04389; -3.52194 (Walney Wind Farm) 367 102 × Siemens SWT-3.6-107 2011 (phase 1)
2012 (phase 2)
[43][44]
Galloper  United Kingdom 51°52′48″N 1°56′24″E / 51.88000°N 1.94000°E / 51.88000; 1.94000 (Galloper) 353 56 x Siemens SWT-6.0-154 2018 [45][46]
Wikinger  Germany 54°50′2″N 14°4′5″E / 54.83389°N 14.06806°E / 54.83389; 14.06806 (Wikinger Wind Farm) 350 70 × Adwen AD 5-135 2018 [47]
Nordsee One  Germany 53°58′0″N 06°48′00″E / 53.96667°N 6.80000°E / 53.96667; 6.80000 (Nordsee One Wind Farm) 332 54 × Senvion 6.2M126 2017 [48]
Thorntonbank
(phases 1–3)
 Belgium 51°33′00″N 2°56′00″E / 51.55000°N 2.93333°E / 51.55000; 2.93333 (Thorntonbank phases 1&2&3) 325 6 × Senvion 5MW
48 × Senvion 6.15MW
2009 (phase 1)
2012 (phase 2)
2013 (phase 3)
[49][50][51][52]
Sheringham Shoal  United Kingdom 53°7′0″N 1°8′0″E / 53.11667°N 1.13333°E / 53.11667; 1.13333 (Sheringham Shoal Offshore Wind Farm) 315 88 × Siemens SWT-3.6-107 2012 [53][54][55][56]
Borkum Riffgrund 1 [de]  Germany 53°58′0″N 06°33′00″E / 53.96667°N 6.55000°E / 53.96667; 6.55000 (Borkum Riffgrund 1 Wind Farm) 312 78 × Siemens SWT-4.0-120 2015 [57]
Rentel [de]  Belgium 51°35′27.6″N 2°56′38.4″E / 51.591000°N 2.944000°E / 51.591000; 2.944000 308.7 42 x Siemens SWT-7.0-154 2019 [58]
SPIC Jiangsu Dafeng  China 33°30′50″N 121°06′18″E / 33.514°N 121.105°E / 33.514; 121.105 302.4 72 × Envision 4.2MW 2018 [59]
Dongtai Four  China 302.4 63 x Siemens SWT-4.0-130

10 x Envision EN136/4.2 MW

2019 [60]
Amrumbank West  Germany 54°30′0″N 07°48′00″E / 54.50000°N 7.80000°E / 54.50000; 7.80000 (Amrumbank West Wind Farm) 302 80 × Siemens SWT-3.6-120 2015 [61][62]
Datang Jiangsu Binhai  China 34°15′32″N 120°34′34″E / 34.259°N 120.576°E / 34.259; 120.576 (Datang Jiangsu Binhai) 301.8 50 x Mingyang MySE3.0-135

46 x Jinfeng 3.3 MW

2019 [63][64]
Thanet  United Kingdom 51°26′0″N 01°38′0″E / 51.43333°N 1.63333°E / 51.43333; 1.63333 (Thanet Offshore Wind Project) 300 100 × Vestas V90-3.0MW 2010 [65][66]
Huaneng Rudong  China 32°40′48″N 121°19′23″E / 32.680°N 121.323°E / 32.680; 121.323 (Huaneng Rudong) 300 38 x Siemens 4.0MW

19 x Haizhuang 5MW (H154)

1 x Haizhuang 5MW (H171)

12 x Envision 4.2MW (EN-136)

2017 [67]
Jiangsu Longyuan Chiang Sand  China 32°48′58″N 121°30′58″E / 32.816°N 121.516°E / 32.816; 121.516 (Jiangsu Longyuan Chiang Sand) 300 75 x Envision EN136/4.0 MW 2018 [68]
Laoting Bodhi Island  China 38°59′10″N 118°48′14″E / 38.986°N 118.804°E / 38.986; 118.804 (Laoting Bodhi Island) 300 75 x Siemens SWT-4.0-130 2020 [69]
Nordsee Ost  Germany 54°26′00″N 7°41′00″E / 54.43333°N 7.68333°E / 54.43333; 7.68333 (Nordsee Ost) 295 48 × Senvion 6.15MW 2015 [70][71]
Butendiek [de]  Germany 54°54′0″N 07°45′00″E / 54.90000°N 7.75000°E / 54.90000; 7.75000 (Butendiek Wind Farm) 288 80 × Siemens SWT-3.6-120 2015 [72][73]
DanTysk  Germany 55°9′00″N 7°10′30″E / 55.15000°N 7.17500°E / 55.15000; 7.17500 (DanTysk) 288 80 × Siemens SWT-3.6-120 2015 [74]
Baltic 2  Germany 54°58′24″N 13°10′40″E / 54.97333°N 13.17778°E / 54.97333; 13.17778 (Baltic 2) 288 80 × Siemens SWT-3.6-120 2015 [75][76]
Meerwind Süd / Ost [de]  Germany 54°23′00″N 7°42′00″E / 54.38333°N 7.70000°E / 54.38333; 7.70000 (Meerwind Süd / Ost) 288 80 × Siemens SWT-3.6-120 2015 [77]
Sandbank (Phase 1) [de]  Germany 55°11′0″N 06°51′00″E / 55.18333°N 6.85000°E / 55.18333; 6.85000 (Sandbank Wind Farm) 288 72 × Siemens SWT-4.0-130 2017 [78][79]
Lincs  United Kingdom 53°11′00″N 00°29′00″E / 53.18333°N 0.48333°E / 53.18333; 0.48333 (Lincs Wind Farm) 270 75 × Siemens SWT-3.6-120 2013 [80]
Burbo Bank Extension  United Kingdom 53°28′48″N 3°15′36″W / 53.48000°N 3.26000°W / 53.48000; -3.26000 (Burbo Bank Extension) 258 32 × Vestas V164-8.0MW 2017 [81]
Liuheng (Guodian Zhoushan Putuo)  China 252 63 × Siemens SWT-4.0-130 2019 [82][83]
Humber Gateway  United Kingdom 53°38′38″N 0°17′35″E / 53.64389°N 0.29306°E / 53.64389; 0.29306 (Humber Gateway) 219 73 × Vestas V112-3.0MW 2015 [84]
Northwind [de]  Belgium 51°37′08″N 02°54′03″E / 51.61889°N 2.90083°E / 51.61889; 2.90083 (Northwind) 216 72 × Vestas V112-3.0MW 2014 [85]
Westermost Rough  United Kingdom 53°48′0″N 0°9′0″E / 53.80000°N 0.15000°E / 53.80000; 0.15000 (Westermost Rough Wind Farm) 210 35 × Siemens SWT-6.0-154 2015 [86][87]
Horns Rev 2  Denmark 55°36′00″N 7°35′24″E / 55.60000°N 7.59000°E / 55.60000; 7.59000 (Horns Rev 2) 209 91 × Siemens SWT-2.3-93 2009 [88]
Rødsand II  Denmark 54°33′0″N 11°42′36″E / 54.55000°N 11.71000°E / 54.55000; 11.71000 (Nysted Wind Farm) 207 90 × Siemens SWT-2.3-93 2010 [89][90]
Chenjiagang (Jiangsu) Xiangshui  China 34°29′00″N 119°52′00″E / 34.48333°N 119.86667°E / 34.48333; 119.86667 (Jiangsu Xiangshui Wind Farm) 201 134 × FD77-1500 Dongfang Electric 2010 [91][92]
Trianel Borkum West II (Phase 1)  Germany 54°2′30″N 6°28′0″E / 54.04167°N 6.46667°E / 54.04167; 6.46667 (Trianel Borkum West II) 200 40 × Areva Multibrid M5000 5.0MW 2015 [93]
Jiangsu Luneng Dongtai  China 32°55′16″N 121°10′55″E / 32.92111°N 121.18194°E / 32.92111; 121.18194 (Jiangsu Luneng Dongtai Wind Farm) 200 50 × Siemens SWT-4.0-130 2017 [94][95]

Largest under construction[edit]

This is a list of wind farms with a nameplate capacity of more than 300MW currently under construction.

Wind farm Location Site coordinates Capacity
(MW)
Turbines & model Completion Refs
Hornsea Project 2  United Kingdom 1386 165 Siemens Gamesa 8MW SG 8.0-167 DD 2022-2023 [96]
Moray East  United Kingdom 950 100 x MHI Vestas V164 9.5 MW 2021 [97][98]
Greater Changhua  Taiwan 900 111 x Siemens 8MW-167 DD 2022 [99]
Triton Knoll  United Kingdom 855 90 x MHI Vestas 9.5 MW 2021. First foundation installed on 22 January 2020.[100] [101]
Borssele 1&2  Netherlands 752 94 x Siemens Gamesa 8MW 2020 [102]
Borssele 3&4  Netherlands 731.5 77 x MHI Vestas V164 9.5MW 2020 [103][104]
Kriegers Flak  Denmark 55°01′00″N 12°56′00″E / 55.01667°N 12.93333°E / 55.01667; 12.93333 605 72 x Siemens SG 8.4MW 2021 [105]
CGN Yangjiang Nanpeng Island  China 400 75 x Mingyang MY-5.5 MW 2020 [106]
CTGNE Yangjiang Shapa - phase II  China 400 Mingyang MySE6.45-180 2020 [107][108]
Rudong H6  China 400 100 x G4-146 2021 [109][107]
Rudong H10  China 400 100 x ?? 2021 [110][107]
Formosa II  Taiwan 376 47 × Siemens 8MW-167 DD 2020 [111]

Largest proposed[edit]

The following table lists largest offshore wind farm areas (by nameplate capacity) that are only at a proposal stage, and have achieved at least some of the formal consents required before construction can begin.

Wind farm Location Site coordinates Capacity
(MW)
Consents Refs
IJmuiden Ver  Netherlands 52°55′08″N 3°34′03″E / 52.918970°N 3.567385°E / 52.918970; 3.567385 4,000 Has been in the spatial planning since (at least) 2014. Research on ecological impact of grid connection started in 2019. Tenders are planned for 2023 (phase 1&2) and 2025 (phase 3&4) [112][113][114]
Coastal Virginia Offshore Wind  United States 36°53′16″N 75°29′50″W / 36.8878333°N 75.4973333°W / 36.8878333; -75.4973333 2,640 Phase 1 (880 MW), Phase 2 (880 MW), Phase 3 (880 MW) [115][116][117][118][119]
Korea Offshore  South Korea 2,500 Korean government approved [120]
Hornsea Project Three  United Kingdom 2,400 Crown Estate Round 3 [121]
Formosa III  Taiwan 2,000 Undergoing environmental impact assessment and approvals which are expected to be completed between 2021 and 2025 [122]
Hollandse Kust Zuid Holland (phases 1-4)  Netherlands 1,400 Phase I & II (76 × 10MW Siemens-193m) to be built by Vattenfall/Nuon by 2023[123]

Phase III & IV (760MW) to be built by Vattenfall

[124][125]
Moray Firth  United Kingdom 1,866 Moray East (1,116MW), Moray West (750 MW) [126][127]
Creyke Beck A  United Kingdom 54°43′28.63″N 2°46′06.80″E / 54.7246194°N 2.7685556°E / 54.7246194; 2.7685556 (Dogger Bank) 1,200 Consent Authorised [128][129]
Creyke Beck B  United Kingdom 1,200 Crown Estate Round 3 [128][129]
East Anglia (formerly Norfolk Bank)  United Kingdom 3,100 East Anglia TWO - Development Phase (up to 900MW), East Anglia THREE - Consent Given (up to 1,400MW), East Anglia ONE North - Development Phase (up to 800MW)[130] [131][132]
Teesside A  United Kingdom 1,200 Crown Estate Round 3 [128][129]
Sofia Offshore (formerly Teesside B)  United Kingdom 1,400 Subsea survey of cable corridor and project site commenced on 21st February 2020 [128][129]
Ocean Wind  United States 39°21′58″N 74°24′51″W / 39.366111°N 74.414167°W / 39.366111; -74.414167 1,100 Bureau of Ocean Energy Management
New Jersey Board of Public Utilities
[133][134][135][136]
Seagreen  United Kingdom 1,075 Phase 1: Alpha and Bravo - Crown Estate Round 3 (Consent given). Once operational in 2024, Seagreen Alpha and Bravo will form the largest wind farm in Scotland with their combined capacity of 1,075MW[137]

Phase 2: Charlie, Delta and Echo - Crown Estate Round 3

Phase 3: Foxtrot, Golf - Crown Estate Round 3

[137][138][139]
Norfolk Vanguard  United Kingdom 1,800 Approved for construction by the UK government. The project will also lay the cabling for the sister project Boreas if the project is approved. Construction is expected to start in the mid to late 2020's. [140][141]
Norfolk Boreas  United Kingdom 1,800 The project is in the examination phase of gaining a development consent order. the project if constructed is expected to be completed in the late 2020's [142][143]

Other notable offshore wind farms[edit]

Wind Farm Country Coordinates Year Notability Refs
Vindeby Denmark 1991 First offshore wind farm; 11 × Bonus 450 kW. Decommissioned in 2017. [144][145][146][147][148][149][150]
Beatrice United Kingdom 58°7′48″N 3°4′12″W / 58.13000°N 3.07000°W / 58.13000; -3.07000 (Beatrice Wind Farm) 2007 2 × Senvion 5MW prototype turbines, deepest fixed-foundation at 45-metre water depth [151][152][153]
Yttre Stengrund Sweden 2001 First offshore wind farm to be decommissioned (in November 2015)
Hywind Norway 2009 First full-scale, deep-water floating turbine: Siemens 2.3 MW turbine in 220 meter-deep water [154][155]
WindFloat 1 Portugal 2011 First full-scale, semi-submersible platform with a Vestas V80-2MW turbine installed in a dry-dock [156]
Hywind Scotland United Kingdom 2017 First full-scale, deep-water floating wind farm, at 30 MW capacity [157]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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