List of offshore wind farms

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Four offshore wind farms are in the Thames Estuary area: Kentish Flats, Gunfleet Sands, Thanet and London Array. The latter was largest in the world.
Map all coordinates using: OpenStreetMap 
Download coordinates as: KML · GPX

This page lists the largest offshore wind farms that are currently operational rated by nameplate capacity. It also lists the largest offshore wind farms currently under construction, the largest proposed offshore wind farms, and offshore wind farms with notability other than size.

As of September 2018 the Walney Extension in the United Kingdom is the largest offshore wind farm in the world at 659 MW.

Largest operational offshore wind farms[edit]

This is a list of offshore wind farms with at least 200 MW nameplate capacity that are currently operational.

Wind farm Capacity
(MW)
Location Site coordinates Turbines & model Commissioning
date
Refs
Walney Extension 659  United Kingdom 54°5′17″N 3°44′17″W / 54.08806°N 3.73806°W / 54.08806; -3.73806 (Walney Extension) 40 x MHI-Vestas 8.25 MW
47 x Siemens Gamesa 7 MW
2018 [1]
London Array 630  United Kingdom 51°38′38″N 01°33′13″E / 51.64389°N 1.55361°E / 51.64389; 1.55361 (London Array) 175 × Siemens SWT-3.6-120 2012 [2][3][4]
Gemini Wind Farm 600  Netherlands 54°2′10″N 05°57′47″E / 54.03611°N 5.96306°E / 54.03611; 5.96306 (Gemini Wind Farm) 150 × Siemens SWT-4.0 2017 [5][6][7][8]
Gode Wind (phases 1+2) 582  Germany 54°04′N 7°02′E / 54.067°N 7.033°E / 54.067; 7.033 (Gode Wind I+II) 97 x Siemens SWT-6.0-154 2017 [9][10]
Gwynt y Môr 576  United Kingdom 53°27′00″N 03°35′00″W / 53.45000°N 3.58333°W / 53.45000; -3.58333 (Gwynt y Môr) 160 × Siemens SWT-3.6-107 2015 [11]
Race Bank 573  United Kingdom 53°16′N 0°50′E / 53.267°N 0.833°E / 53.267; 0.833 (Race Bank) 91 x Siemens SWT-6.0-154 2018 [12][13]
Greater Gabbard 504  United Kingdom 51°52′48″N 1°56′24″E / 51.88000°N 1.94000°E / 51.88000; 1.94000 (Greater Gabbard wind farm) 140 × Siemens SWT-3.6-107 2012 [14][15][16]
Dudgeon 402  United Kingdom 53°14′56″N 1°23′24″E / 53.24889°N 1.39000°E / 53.24889; 1.39000 (Dudgeon Offshore Wind Farm) 67 × Siemens SWT-6.0-154 2017 [17]
Veja Mate 402  Germany 54°19′1″N 5°52′15″E / 54.31694°N 5.87083°E / 54.31694; 5.87083 (Veja Mate Wind Farm) 67 × Siemens SWT-6.0-154 2017 [18][19]
Anholt 400  Denmark 56°36′00″N 11°12′36″E / 56.60000°N 11.21000°E / 56.60000; 11.21000 (Anholt Offshore Wind Farm) 111 × Siemens SWT-3.6-120 2013 [20][21][22][23]
BARD Offshore 1 400  Germany 54°22′0″N 5°59′0″E / 54.36667°N 5.98333°E / 54.36667; 5.98333 (BARD Offshore 1) 80 × BARD 5.0MW 2013 [24][25][26]
Global Tech I (de) 400  Germany 54°30′00″N 6°21′30″E / 54.50000°N 6.35833°E / 54.50000; 6.35833 (Global Tech I) 80 × Areva Multibrid M5000 5.0MW 2015 [27]
Rampion 400  United Kingdom 50°40′N 0°06′W / 50.667°N 0.100°W / 50.667; -0.100 (Rampion) 116 x MHI Vestas V112-3.45 MW 2018 [28]
West of Duddon Sands 389  United Kingdom 53°59′02″N 3°27′50″W / 53.98389°N 3.46389°W / 53.98389; -3.46389 (West of Duddon Sands) 108 × Siemens SWT-3.6-120 2014 [29][30]
Walney
(phases 1&2)
367  United Kingdom 54°02′38″N 3°31′19″W / 54.04389°N 3.52194°W / 54.04389; -3.52194 (Walney Wind Farm) 102 × Siemens SWT-3.6-107 2011 (phase 1)
2012 (phase 2)
[31][32]
Galloper 353  United Kingdom 51°52′48″N 1°56′24″E / 51.88000°N 1.94000°E / 51.88000; 1.94000 (Galloper) 56 x Siemens SWT-6.0-154 2018 [33][34]
Wikinger 350  Germany 54°50′2″N 14°4′5″E / 54.83389°N 14.06806°E / 54.83389; 14.06806 (Wikinger Wind Farm) 70 × Adwen AD 5-135 2018 [35]
Nordsee One 332  Germany 53°58′0″N 06°48′00″E / 53.96667°N 6.80000°E / 53.96667; 6.80000 (Nordsee One Wind Farm) 54 × Senvion 6.2M126 2017 [36]
Thorntonbank
(phases 1–3)
325  Belgium 51°33′00″N 2°56′00″E / 51.55000°N 2.93333°E / 51.55000; 2.93333 (Thorntonbank phases 1&2&3) 6 × Senvion 5MW
48 × Senvion 6.15MW
2009 (phase 1)
2012 (phase 2)
2013 (phase 3)
[37][38][39][40]
Sheringham Shoal 315  United Kingdom 53°7′0″N 1°8′0″E / 53.11667°N 1.13333°E / 53.11667; 1.13333 (Sheringham Shoal Offshore Wind Farm) 88 × Siemens SWT-3.6-107 2012 [41][42][43][44]
Borkum Riffgrund 1 (de) 312  Germany 53°58′0″N 06°33′00″E / 53.96667°N 6.55000°E / 53.96667; 6.55000 (Borkum Riffgrund 1 Wind Farm) 78 × Siemens SWT-4.0-120 2015 [45]
Amrumbank West 302  Germany 54°30′0″N 07°48′00″E / 54.50000°N 7.80000°E / 54.50000; 7.80000 (Amrumbank West Wind Farm) 80 × Siemens SWT-3.6-120 2015 [46][47]
Thanet 300  United Kingdom 51°26′0″N 01°38′0″E / 51.43333°N 1.63333°E / 51.43333; 1.63333 (Thanet Offshore Wind Project) 100 × Vestas V90-3.0MW 2010 [48][49]
Huaneng Rudong 300  China 32°40′48″N 121°19′23″E / 32.680°N 121.323°E / 32.680; 121.323 (Huaneng Rudong) 38 x Siemens 4.0MW

19 x Haizhuang 5MW (H154)

1 x Haizhuang 5MW (H171)

12 x Envision 4.2MW (EN-136)

2017 [50]
Nordsee Ost 295  Germany 54°26′00″N 7°41′00″E / 54.43333°N 7.68333°E / 54.43333; 7.68333 (Nordsee Ost) 48 × Senvion 6.15MW 2015 [51][52]
Butendiek (de) 288  Germany 54°54′0″N 07°45′00″E / 54.90000°N 7.75000°E / 54.90000; 7.75000 (Butendiek Wind Farm) 80 × Siemens SWT-3.6-120 2015 [53][54]
DanTysk 288  Germany 55°9′00″N 7°10′30″E / 55.15000°N 7.17500°E / 55.15000; 7.17500 (DanTysk) 80 × Siemens SWT-3.6-120 2015 [55]
Baltic 2 288  Germany 54°58′24″N 13°10′40″E / 54.97333°N 13.17778°E / 54.97333; 13.17778 (Baltic 2) 80 × Siemens SWT-3.6-120 2015 [56][57]
Meerwind Süd / Ost (de) 288  Germany 54°23′00″N 7°42′00″E / 54.38333°N 7.70000°E / 54.38333; 7.70000 (Meerwind Süd / Ost) 80 × Siemens SWT-3.6-120 2015 [58]
Sandbank (Phase 1) (de) 288  Germany 55°11′0″N 06°51′00″E / 55.18333°N 6.85000°E / 55.18333; 6.85000 (Sandbank Wind Farm) 72 × Siemens SWT-4.0-130 2017 [59][60]
Lincs 270  United Kingdom 53°11′00″N 00°29′00″E / 53.18333°N 0.48333°E / 53.18333; 0.48333 (Lincs Wind Farm) 75 × Siemens SWT-3.6-120 2013 [61]
Burbo Bank Extension 258  United Kingdom 53°28′48″N 3°15′36″W / 53.48000°N 3.26000°W / 53.48000; -3.26000 (Burbo Bank Extension) 32 × Vestas V164-8.0MW 2017 [62]
Humber Gateway 219  United Kingdom 53°38′38″N 0°17′35″E / 53.64389°N 0.29306°E / 53.64389; 0.29306 (Humber Gateway) 73 × Vestas V112-3.0MW 2015 [63]
Northwind (de) 216  Belgium 51°37′08″N 02°54′03″E / 51.61889°N 2.90083°E / 51.61889; 2.90083 (Northwind) 72 × Vestas V112-3.0MW 2014 [64]
Westermost Rough 210  United Kingdom 53°48′0″N 0°9′0″E / 53.80000°N 0.15000°E / 53.80000; 0.15000 (Westermost Rough Wind Farm) 35 × Siemens SWT-6.0-154 2015 [65][66]
Horns Rev 2 209  Denmark 55°36′00″N 7°35′24″E / 55.60000°N 7.59000°E / 55.60000; 7.59000 (Horns Rev 2) 91 × Siemens SWT-2.3-93 2009 [67]
Rødsand II 207  Denmark 54°33′0″N 11°42′36″E / 54.55000°N 11.71000°E / 54.55000; 11.71000 (Nysted Wind Farm) 90 × Siemens SWT-2.3-93 2010 [68][69]
Chenjiagang (Jiangsu) Xiangshui 201  China 34°29′00″N 119°52′00″E / 34.48333°N 119.86667°E / 34.48333; 119.86667 (Jiangsu Xiangshui Wind Farm) 134 × FD77-1500 Dongfang Electric 2010 [70][71]
Trianel Borkum West II (Phase 1) 200  Germany 54°2′30″N 6°28′0″E / 54.04167°N 6.46667°E / 54.04167; 6.46667 (Trianel Borkum West II) 40 × Areva Multibrid M5000 5.0MW 2015 [72]
Jiangsu Luneng Dongtai 200  China 32°55′16″N 121°10′55″E / 32.92111°N 121.18194°E / 32.92111; 121.18194 (Jiangsu Luneng Dongtai Wind Farm) 50 × Siemens SWT-4.0-130 2017 [73][74]

Largest under construction[edit]

This is a list of wind farms with a nameplate capacity of more than 300MW currently under construction.

Wind farm Capacity
(MW)
Location Site coordinates Turbines & model Completion Refs
Hornsea Project One 1,218  United Kingdom 174 x Siemens SWT-7.0-154 2020 [75]
East Anglia ONE 714  United Kingdom 102 x Siemens SWT-7.0-154 2020 [76]
Kriegers Flak 604.8  Denmark 55°01′00″N 12°56′00″E / 55.01667°N 12.93333°E / 55.01667; 12.93333 72 x Siemens SG 8.4MW 2021 [77]
Beatrice 588  United Kingdom 58°7′48″N 3°4′12″W / 58.13000°N 3.07000°W / 58.13000; -3.07000 (Beatrice Wind Farm) 84 × Siemens SWT-7.0-154 2019 [78]
Hohe See 497  Germany 71 x Siemens SWT-7.0-154 2019 [79]
Borkum Riffgrund 2 450  Germany 56 x MHI Vestas V164-8.0 MW 2019 [80]
Horns Rev 3 406.7  Denmark 55°49′N 7°42′E / 55.817°N 7.700°E / 55.817; 7.700 (Horns Rev 3) 49 x MHI Vestas V164-8.3 MW 2019 [81]
Binhai North 400  China 34°40′04″N 120°21′29″E / 34.66778°N 120.35806°E / 34.66778; 120.35806 (Binhai North Wind) 100 x Siemens SWT-4.0-120 2018 [82]
Merkur 396  Germany 66 x GE Haliade 150-6 MW 2018 [83]
Arkona 385  Germany 60 x Siemens SWT-6.0-154 2019 [84]
Rentel 309  Belgium 42 x Siemens SWT-7.0-154 2018 [85]

Largest proposed[edit]

The following table lists largest offshore wind farm areas (by nameplate capacity) that are only at a proposal stage, and have achieved at least some of the formal consents required before construction can begin.

Wind Farm Total
(MW)
Country Coordinates Consents Refs
Korea Offshore 2,500  South Korea Korean government approved [86]
Hornsea Project Three 2,400  United Kingdom Crown Estate Round 3 [87]
Formosa III 1,900  Taiwan Undergoing environmental impact assessment and approvals which are expected to be completed by end of 2017 [88]
Borssele Offshore (phases 1-4) 1,400  Netherlands Phase I and II (2 x 350MW) to be built by Dong Energy,

Phase III (330MW) and IV (350MW) to be built by Blauwwind II c.v. consortium

[89]
Hollandse Kust Zuid Holland (phases 1-4) 1,400  Netherlands Phase I & II (700MW) to be built by Vattenfall/Nuon

Phase III & IV (700MW) TBA

[90][91]
Hornsea Project Two 1,386  United Kingdom Pre-Construction [92]
Moray Firth 1,866  United Kingdom Moray East (1116MW), Moray West (750 MW) [93][94]
Creyke Beck A 1,200  United Kingdom 54°43′28.63″N 2°46′06.80″E / 54.7246194°N 2.7685556°E / 54.7246194; 2.7685556 (Dogger Bank) Crown Estate Round 3 [95][96]
Creyke Beck B 1,200  United Kingdom Crown Estate Round 3 [95][96]
East Anglia (formerly Norfolk Bank) 1,200  United Kingdom Crown Estate Round 3 [97][98]
Teesside A 1,200  United Kingdom Crown Estate Round 3 [95][96]
Teesside B 1,200  United Kingdom Crown Estate Round 3 [95][96]
Triton Knoll 1,200  United Kingdom Crown Estate Round 2 [99]

Other notable offshore wind farms[edit]

Wind Farm Country Coordinates Year Notability Refs
Vindeby Denmark 1991 First offshore wind farm; 11 × Bonus 450 kW [100][101][102][103][104][105][106]
Beatrice United Kingdom 58°7′48″N 3°4′12″W / 58.13000°N 3.07000°W / 58.13000; -3.07000 (Beatrice Wind Farm) 2007 2 × Senvion 5MW prototype turbines, deepest fixed-foundation at 45-metre water depth [107][108][109]
Yttre Stengrund Sweden First offshore wind farm to be decommissioned (in November 2015)
Hywind Norway 2009 First full-scale, deep-water floating turbine: Siemens 2.3 MW turbine in 220 meter-deep water [110][111]
Hywind Scotland United Kingdom 2017 First full-scale, deep-water floating wind farm, at 30 MW capacity

See also[edit]

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