List of offshore wind farms

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The locations of 24 of the 25 largest operational offshore wind farms
List of offshore wind farms
List of offshore wind farms
List of offshore wind farms
List of offshore wind farms
List of offshore wind farms
List of offshore wind farms
List of offshore wind farms
List of offshore wind farms
List of offshore wind farms
List of offshore wind farms
List of offshore wind farms
List of offshore wind farms
List of offshore wind farms
List of offshore wind farms
List of offshore wind farms
List of offshore wind farms
List of offshore wind farms
List of offshore wind farms
List of offshore wind farms
List of offshore wind farms
List of offshore wind farms
List of offshore wind farms
List of offshore wind farms
List of offshore wind farms
The locations of the European 24 of the world's 25 largest operational offshore wind farms
Four offshore wind farms are in the Thames Estuary area: Kentish Flats, Gunfleet Sands, Thanet and London Array. The latter is the largest in the world as of April 2013.
This article is about offshore wind farms. For onshore wind farms, see List of onshore wind farms. For more complete lists, see Lists of offshore wind farms by country.

This page lists the top 25 offshore wind farms that are currently operational rated by nameplate capacity. It also lists the nine largest offshore wind farms currently under construction, the 10 largest proposed offshore wind farms, and offshore wind farms with notability other than size.

As of August 2013 the London Array in the United Kingdom is the largest offshore wind farm in the world at 630 MW. This is followed by Gwynt y Môr (576 MW), also in the UK. The Global Tech I wind farm (400 MW) in Germany is the largest project currently under construction.

The biggest producer of wind energy is the Greater Gabbard wind farm. In 2012 it produced 1,195 GigaWatt-hours (GWh). The second largest producer is Horns Rev 2 with 956 GWh produced in 2012. In terms of total production since introduction Horns Rev 1 remains the largest with 5,877 GWh produced since the park opened. Nysted 1, also in Denmark, is the second largest wind farm in the world in terms of total energy produced. Nysted 1 has produced 5,097 GWh since its start. Third is Horns Rev 2 with 2,959 GWh produced.[1]

Top 25 operational offshore wind farms[edit]

This is a list of the top 25 offshore wind farms that are currently operational, rated by nameplate capacity. In the case of a tied bottom place in the table, the wind farm with the earliest commissioning date is used.

Wind farm Total
(MW)
Location Site coordinates Turbines
& model
Commiss-
ioning Date
Refs
London Array 630 United Kingdom 51°38′38″N 01°33′13″E / 51.64389°N 1.55361°E / 51.64389; 1.55361 (London Array) 175 × Siemens SWT-3.6-120 2012 [2][3][4]
Gwynt y Môr 576 United Kingdom 53°27′00″N 03°35′00″W / 53.45000°N 3.58333°W / 53.45000; -3.58333 (Gwynt y Môr) 160 × Siemens SWT-3.6-107 2015 [5]
Greater Gabbard 504[6] United Kingdom 51°52′48″N 1°56′24″E / 51.88000°N 1.94000°E / 51.88000; 1.94000 (Greater Gabbard wind farm) 140 × Siemens SWT-3.6-107 2012 [7][8][9]
Anholt 400 Denmark 56°36′00″N 11°12′36″E / 56.60000°N 11.21000°E / 56.60000; 11.21000 (Anholt Offshore Wind Farm) 111 × Siemens SWT-3.6-120 2013 [10][11][12][13]
BARD Offshore 1 400 Germany 54°22′0″N 5°59′0″E / 54.36667°N 5.98333°E / 54.36667; 5.98333 (BARD Offshore 1) 80 × BARD 5.0MW 2013 [14][15][16]
Global Tech I 400 Germany 54°30′00″N 6°21′30″E / 54.50000°N 6.35833°E / 54.50000; 6.35833 (Global Tech I) 80 × Areva Multibrid M5000 5.0MW 2015 [17]
West of Duddon Sands 389 United Kingdom 53°59′02″N 3°27′50″W / 53.98389°N 3.46389°W / 53.98389; -3.46389 (West of Duddon Sands) 108 × Siemens SWT-3.6-120 2014 [18][19]
Walney
(phases 1&2)
367.2 United Kingdom 54°02′38″N 3°31′19″W / 54.04389°N 3.52194°W / 54.04389; -3.52194 (Walney Wind Farm) 102 × Siemens SWT-3.6-107 2011 (phase 1)
2012 (phase 2)
[20][21]
Thorntonbank
(phases 1–3)
325 Belgium 51°33′00″N 2°56′00″E / 51.55000°N 2.93333°E / 51.55000; 2.93333 (Thorntonbank phases 1&2&3) 6 × Senvion 5MW,
48 × Senvion
6.15MW
2009 (phase 1)
2012 (phase 2)
2013 (phase 3)
[22][23][24][25]
Sheringham Shoal 315 United Kingdom 53°7′0″N 1°8′0″E / 53.11667°N 1.13333°E / 53.11667; 1.13333 (Sheringham Shoal Offshore Wind Farm) 88 × Siemens SWT-3.6-107 2012 [26][27][28][29]
Borkum Riffgrund 1 312 Germany 53°58′0″N 06°33′00″E / 53.96667°N 6.55000°E / 53.96667; 6.55000 (Borkum Riffgrund 1 Wind Farm) 78 × Siemens SWT-4.0-120 2015 [30]
Thanet 300 United Kingdom 51°26′0″N 01°38′0″E / 51.43333°N 1.63333°E / 51.43333; 1.63333 (Thanet Offshore Wind Project) 100 × Vestas V90-3.0MW 2010 [31][32]
Nordsee Ost 295 Germany 54°26′00″N 7°41′00″E / 54.43333°N 7.68333°E / 54.43333; 7.68333 (Nordsee Ost) 48 × Senvion
6.15MW
2015 [33][34]
Amrumbank West 288 Germany 54°30′0″N 07°48′00″E / 54.50000°N 7.80000°E / 54.50000; 7.80000 (Amrumbank West Wind Farm) 80 × Siemens SWT-3.6-120 2015 [35][36]
Butendiek 288 Germany 54°54′0″N 07°45′00″E / 54.90000°N 7.75000°E / 54.90000; 7.75000 (Butendiek Wind Farm) 80 × Siemens SWT-3.6-120 2015 [37][38]
DanTysk 288 Germany 55°9′00″N 7°10′30″E / 55.15000°N 7.17500°E / 55.15000; 7.17500 (DanTysk) 80 × Siemens SWT-3.6-120 2015 [39]
EnBW Baltic 2 288 Germany 54°58′24″N 13°10′40″E / 54.97333°N 13.17778°E / 54.97333; 13.17778 (EnBW Baltic 2) 80 × Siemens SWT-3.6-120 2015 [40][41]
Meerwind Süd / Ost 288 Germany 54°23′00″N 7°42′00″E / 54.38333°N 7.70000°E / 54.38333; 7.70000 (Meerwind Süd / Ost) 80 × Siemens SWT-3.6-120 2015 [42]
Lincs 270 United Kingdom 53°11′00″N 00°29′00″E / 53.18333°N 0.48333°E / 53.18333; 0.48333 (Lincs Wind Farm) 75 × Siemens SWT-3.6-120 2013 [43]
Humber Gateway 219 United Kingdom 53°38′38″N 0°17′35″E / 53.64389°N 0.29306°E / 53.64389; 0.29306 (Humber Gateway) 73 × Vestas V112-3.0MW 2015 [44]
Northwind 216 Belgium 51°37′08″N 02°54′03″E / 51.61889°N 2.90083°E / 51.61889; 2.90083 (Northwind) 72 × Vestas V112-3.0MW 2014 [45]
Westermost Rough 210 United Kingdom 53°48′0″N 0°9′0″E / 53.80000°N 0.15000°E / 53.80000; 0.15000 (Westermost Rough Wind Farm) 35 × Siemens SWT-6.0-154 2015 [46][47]
Horns Rev 2 209.3 Denmark 55°36′00″N 7°35′24″E / 55.60000°N 7.59000°E / 55.60000; 7.59000 (Horns Rev 2) 91 × Siemens SWT-2.3-93 2009 [48]
Rødsand II 207 Denmark 54°33′0″N 11°42′36″E / 54.55000°N 11.71000°E / 54.55000; 11.71000 (Nysted Wind Farm) 90 × Siemens SWT-2.3-93 2010 [49][50]
Chenjiagang
(Jiangsu) Xiangshui
201 China 34°29′00″N 119°52′00″E / 34.48333°N 119.86667°E / 34.48333; 119.86667 (Jiangsu Xiangshui Wind Farm) 134 × 1.5MW 2010 [51][52]

Top 9 under construction[edit]

This is a list of the nine largest offshore wind farms currently under construction.

Wind farm Total
(MW)
Country Coordinates Turbines
& model
Completion Refs
Gemini 600 Netherlands 54°11′N 5°53′E / 54.183°N 5.883°E / 54.183; 5.883 (Gemini) 150 x Siemens SWT- 4.0-130 2017 [53][54]
Gode Wind (phases 1+2) 582 Germany 54°04′N 7°02′E / 54.067°N 7.033°E / 54.067; 7.033 (Gode Wind I+II) 97 x Siemens SWT-6.0-154 2016 [55]
Race Bank 580 United Kingdom 53°16′N 0°50′E / 53.267°N 0.833°E / 53.267; 0.833 (Race Bank) 91 x Siemens SWT-6.0-154 2018 [56]
Dudgeon 402 United Kingdom 53°16′N 1°23′W / 53.267°N 1.383°W / 53.267; -1.383 (Dudgeon) 67 x Siemens SWT-6.0-154 2017 [57]
Veja Mate 402 Germany 54°19′1″N 5°52′15″E / 54.31694°N 5.87083°E / 54.31694; 5.87083 (Veja Mate Wind Farm) 67 × Siemens SWT-6.0-154 2017 [58]
Rampion 400 United Kingdom 50°40′N 0°06′W / 50.667°N 0.100°W / 50.667; -0.100 (Rampion) 116 x MHI Vestas V112-3.45MW 2018 [59]
Wikinger 350 Germany 54°50′2″N 14°4′5″E / 54.83389°N 14.06806°E / 54.83389; 14.06806 (Wikinger Wind Farm) 70 × Adwen AD 5-135 2017 [60]
Nordsee One 332 Germany 53°58′0″N 06°48′00″E / 53.96667°N 6.80000°E / 53.96667; 6.80000 (Nordsee One Wind Farm) 54 × Senvion 6.2M126 2017 [61]
Sandbank (Phase 1) 288 Germany 55°11′0″N 06°51′00″E / 55.18333°N 6.85000°E / 55.18333; 6.85000 (Sandbank Wind Farm) 72 × Siemens SWT-4.0-130 2017 [62]

Top 3 biggest producers of energy[edit]

This is a list of the 3 largest offshore wind farms by actual energy production since commissioning.

Wind farm Production 2012
(GWh)
Total production
(GWh)
Country Turbines
& model
Official start Refs
Horns Rev 1 676 5877 Denmark 80 × Vestas V80 2.0 MW 2002 [1]
Nysted 1 575 5097 Denmark 72 × Bonus 2.3 MW 2003 [1]
Horns Rev 2 956 2959 Denmark 91 x Siemens 2.3 MW 2009 [1]

Top proposed wind farm areas[edit]

The following table lists largest offshore wind farm areas (by nameplate capacity) that are only at a proposal stage, and have achieved at least some of the formal consents required before construction can begin.

Wind Farm Total
(MW)
Country Coordinates Consents Refs
Borselle Offshore 3,500 Netherlands Call for tenders for areas I and II of V (2x 700MW) [63]
Blekinge Offshore 2,500 Sweden 55°56′15″N 14°59′37.3″E / 55.93750°N 14.993694°E / 55.93750; 14.993694 (Blekinge Offshore) Awaiting decision of environmental court [64]
Korea Offshore 2,500 South Korea Korean Government Approved [65]
Moray Firth 1,300 United Kingdom Crown Estate Round 3 [66]
Creyke Beck A 1,200 United Kingdom 54°43′28.63″N 2°46′06.80″E / 54.7246194°N 2.7685556°E / 54.7246194; 2.7685556 (Dogger Bank) Crown Estate Round 3 [67][68]
Creyke Beck B 1,200 United Kingdom Crown Estate Round 3 [67][68]
East Anglia (formerly Norfolk Bank) 1,200 United Kingdom Crown Estate Round 3 [66][69]
Irish Sea 1,200 United Kingdom Crown Estate Round 3 [66]
Teesside A 1,200 United Kingdom Crown Estate Round 3 [67][68]
Teesside B 1,200 United Kingdom Crown Estate Round 3 [67][68]
Triton Knoll 1,200 United Kingdom Crown Estate Round 2 [70]

Other notable offshore wind farms[edit]

Wind Farm Country Coordinates Year Notability Refs
Vindeby Denmark 1991 First offshore wind farm; 11 × Bonus 450 kW [71][72][73][74][75][76][77]
Beatrice United Kingdom 58°7′48″N 3°4′12″W / 58.13000°N 3.07000°W / 58.13000; -3.07000 (Beatrice Wind Farm) 2007 2 × Senvion 5MW prototype turbines, deepest fixed-foundation at 45-metre water depth [78][79][80]
Hywind Norway 2009 First full-scale, deep-water floating turbine: Siemens 2.3 MW turbine in 220 meter-deep water [81][82]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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  2. ^ London Array's own website announcement of commencement of offshore works
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  48. ^ Horns Rev 2 turbines
  49. ^ E.ON finishes Rødsand II Business Week, 14 July 2010. Retrieved: 11 September 2010.
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  51. ^ Jiangsu Xiangshui 201MW wind farm all turbines connected to the grid (Modern Han Chinese language publication)
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  57. ^ "Dudgeon construction underway". Retrieved 23 March 2016. 
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  61. ^ http://www.offshorewindindustry.com/news/first-foundation-nordsee-one-successfully First foundation for Nordsee One successfully installed
  62. ^ http://www.offshorewind.biz/2015/07/08/sandbank-owf-construction-kicks-off/ Sandbank OWF Construction Kicks Off
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  73. ^ "Introduction to the (Nysted offshore) park". Retrieved 2010-08-19. 
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  75. ^ 4cOffshore listing for Vindeby
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  77. ^ Prinds, Karsten. "Where offshore wind was invented". OceanWise, 2011
  78. ^ Sharp, Stephen. Scotland shares excellence in renewable energy at World Investment Congress Scottish Enterprise, 15 June 2007. Retrieved: 18 October 2010. "subsea jacket structure which enables the turbines to sit in 45m of water" .. "deepest water depth"
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  80. ^ "beatricewind.co.uk". beatricewind.co.uk. Retrieved 10 June 2015. 
  81. ^ Patel, Prachi (2009-06-22). "Floating Wind Turbines to Be Tested". IEEE Spectrum. Retrieved 2009-06-25. will test how the 2.3-megawatt turbine holds up in 220-meter-deep water. 
  82. ^ Madslien, Jorn (8 September 2009). "Floating challenge for offshore wind turbine". BBC News (BBC). Retrieved 2009-09-16. world's first full-scale floating wind turbine 

External links[edit]