List of offshore wind farms in the United Kingdom

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Four offshore wind farms are in the Thames Estuary area: Kentish Flats, Gunfleet Sands, Thanet and London Array. The latter was the largest in the world from April 2013 to September 2018.
Map all coordinates using: OpenStreetMap 
Download coordinates as: KML · GPX

This is a list of offshore wind farms within the national maritime boundaries of the United Kingdom. The name of the wind farm is the name used by the energy company when referring to the farm; it is usually related to the name of the nearest town on shore.[1][2][3] There are currently c.6-7GW of offshore wind in the UK, with a further 4-5GW having secured development contracts.

Operational offshore wind farms[edit]

Name Cap.
(MW)
Turbines Location Country Project commissioning Build
Cost
Cap.
fac.
Depth
range (m)
km to
shore
Owner Refs.
Barrow 90 30 × Vestas V90-3.0MW 53°59′00″N 3°17′00″W / 53.98333°N 3.28333°W / 53.98333; -3.28333 England 2006 July £123m 35.9%[4] 15–20 7 Ørsted [w 1][5]
Beatrice 10 2 × REpower 5M 58°06′20″N 03°05′35″W / 58.10556°N 3.09306°W / 58.10556; -3.09306 Scotland 2007 July £35m 20% 45 23 SSE and Talisman Energy [w 2][6]
Beatrice extension 588 84 x Siemens Gamesa Renewable Energy 7MW 58°06′20″N 03°05′35″W / 58.10556°N 3.09306°W / 58.10556; -3.09306 Scotland 2019 July £2,600 million 45 23 SSE and Talisman Energy [7][8]
Blyth Offshore 4 2 × Vestas V66-2MW 55°08′09″N 01°29′25″W / 55.13583°N 1.49028°W / 55.13583; -1.49028 England 2000 December £4m 6–11 1.6 E.ON
Burbo Bank 90 25 × Siemens SWP 3.6–107 53°29′00″N 3°11′00″W / 53.48333°N 3.18333°W / 53.48333; -3.18333 England 2007 September £90m 32–35% 0–6 7 Ørsted [w 3][9]
Burbo Bank Extension 258 32 × Vestas V164 8.0 MW 53°29′00″N 3°11′00″W / 53.48333°N 3.18333°W / 53.48333; -3.18333 England 2017 April 6–13 Ørsted
Dudgeon 402 67 × Siemens SWT-6.0–154 53°15′00″N 1°23′00″E / 53.25000°N 1.38333°E / 53.25000; 1.38333 England 2017 October £1,500m 48% Equinor, Statkraft [10][11]
European Offshore Wind Deployment Centre 93 11 × Vestas V164-8MW 57°13′0″N 1°59′0″W / 57.21667°N 1.98333°W / 57.21667; -1.98333 Scotland 2018 September 32 3 European Offshore Wind Deployment Centre [w 4][12]
Greater Gabbard 504 140 × Siemens SWT-3.6–107 51°56′0″N 1°53′0″E / 51.93333°N 1.88333°E / 51.93333; 1.88333 England 2012 September £1,500m 42.2%[4] 20–32 23 SSE Renewables [w 5]
Gunfleet Sands 1 & 2 172 48 × Siemens SWP-3.6–107 51°43′0″N 01°12′50″E / 51.71667°N 1.21389°E / 51.71667; 1.21389 England 2010 April £300m 36.6% 2–15 7 Ørsted [w 6][13]
Gunfleet Sands 3 – Demonstration Project 12 2 × Siemens SWT-6.0 120 51°43′0″N 01°12′50″E / 51.71667°N 1.21389°E / 51.71667; 1.21389 England 2013 April £51m 31.1% 5–12 8 Ørsted [w 7]
Gwynt y Môr 576 160 × Siemens SWT-3.6 107 53°27′00″N 03°35′00″W / 53.45000°N 3.58333°W / 53.45000; -3.58333 Wales 2015 June >£2,000m 31.7% 20 17 RWE Npower, Stadtwerke München, GIB, Siemens [w 8]
Humber Gateway 219 73 × Vestas V112 3.0MW 53°38′38″N 0°17′35″E / 53.64389°N 0.29306°E / 53.64389; 0.29306 England 2015 June £736m 41.1% 15 10 E.ON [w 9]
Hywind Scotland 30 5 × Siemens SWT-6.0-154 6MW 57°29′0″N 1°21′0″W / 57.48333°N 1.35000°W / 57.48333; -1.35000 Scotland 2017 October NOK2 billion (£152m) 95–120 25 Equinor, Masdar
Kentish Flats 140 30 × Vestas V90-3.0MW, 15 Vestas V112-3.3MW 51°27′36″N 01°05′24″E / 51.46000°N 1.09000°E / 51.46000; 1.09000 England 2005 October £121.5m 31.3%, 42.9%[4] 3–5 10 Vattenfall [w 10][14]
Lincs 270 75 × Siemens SWT-3.6–120 53°11′0″N 0°29′0″E / 53.18333°N 0.48333°E / 53.18333; 0.48333 England 2013 September £1,000m 42% 10–15 8 Centrica, Siemens, Ørsted [w 11][15]
London Array 630 175 × Siemens SWT-3.6 51°38′38″N 1°33′13″E / 51.64389°N 1.55361°E / 51.64389; 1.55361 England 2013 April £1,800m 41.1%[4] 0–25 20 Ørsted, E.ON UK Renewables, Masdar [w 12]
Lynn and Inner Dowsing 194 54 × Siemens SWP-3.6–107 53°07′39″N 0°26′10″E / 53.12750°N 0.43611°E / 53.12750; 0.43611 England 2009 March £300m 34.9% 6–11 5 Centrica 50%
TCW 50%
[w 13][16]
Methil 7 1 × Samsung 7 MW 56°09′46″N 03°00′32″W / 56.16278°N 3.00889°W / 56.16278; -3.00889 Scotland 2013 October 5 0.05 Samsung, 2-B Energy [w 14]
North Hoyle 60 30 × Vestas V80-2MW 53°26′00″N 3°24′00″W / 53.43333°N 3.40000°W / 53.43333; -3.40000 Wales 2003 December £80m 31.5% 5–12 7 Npower (UK) (RWE) [w 15][17]
Ormonde 150 30 × REpower 5MW 54°06′00″N 3°24′00″W / 54.10000°N 3.40000°W / 54.10000; -3.40000 England 2012 August £552m 39.5%[4] 17–22 9.5 Vattenfall [w 16][18]
Race Bank 580 91 × Siemens SWT-6.0–154 53°16′30″N 0°50′30″E / 53.27500°N 0.84167°E / 53.27500; 0.84167 England 2018 February Ørsted [19]
Rampion 400 116 × Vestas V112-3.45MW 50°40′00″N 0°16′00″W / 50.66667°N 0.26667°W / 50.66667; -0.26667 England 2018 April £1,300m 13 E.ON [20][21]
Rhyl Flats 90 25 × Siemens SWP 3.6–107 53°22′00″N 3°39′00″W / 53.36667°N 3.65000°W / 53.36667; -3.65000 Wales 2009 December £198m 32.9%[4] 4–15 8 Npower (UK) (RWE) [w 17][22]
Robin Rigg 180 60 × Vestas V90-3.0MW 54°45′00″N 3°43′00″W / 54.75000°N 3.71667°W / 54.75000; -3.71667 Scotland 2010 April £396m 35.1%[4] 0–12 11 E.ON [w 18][23]
Scroby Sands 60 30 × Vestas V80-2MW 52°38′0″N 1°47′0″E / 52.63333°N 1.78333°E / 52.63333; 1.78333 England 2004 March £75.5m 30.7%[4] 0–8 2.5 E.ON [w 19][24]
Sheringham Shoal 317 88 × Siemens SWT-3.6–107 53°07′0″N 1°08′0″E / 53.11667°N 1.13333°E / 53.11667; 1.13333 England 2012 September £1,100m 40.7%[4] 12–24 17 Equinor 50%
Statkraft 50%
[w 20]
Teesside 62 27 × Siemens SWT-2.3 54°38′50″N 1°05′40″W / 54.64722°N 1.09444°W / 54.64722; -1.09444 England 2013 August £200m 34.8% 7–15 1.5 EDF-EN [25]
Thanet 300 100 × Vestas V90-3.0MW 51°26′0″N 1°38′0″E / 51.43333°N 1.63333°E / 51.43333; 1.63333 England 2010 September £900m 32.8% 20–25 11 Vattenfall [w 21][26]
Walney 367 102 Siemens SWP 3.6–107 54°03′00″N 3°31′00″W / 54.05000°N 3.51667°W / 54.05000; -3.51667 England 2010 February £630m 40.5%, 43.8%[4] 19–30 14 Ørsted, SSE, OPW [w 22][27]
Walney Extension 659 47 × Siemens SWT-7.0-154, 40 × MHI Vestas V164-8.25 MW 54°5′17″N 3°44′17″W / 54.08806°N 3.73806°W / 54.08806; -3.73806 England 2018 September Ørsted [28][29]
Westermost Rough 210 35 Siemens SWT-6.0–154 53°48′18″N 0°8′56″E / 53.80500°N 0.14889°E / 53.80500; 0.14889 England 2015 May £370m 42.9%[4] 15 10 Ørsted, Marubeni, GIB [w 23][30]
West of Duddon Sands 389 108 Siemens SWP 3.6–120 53°59′00″N 3°28′00″W / 53.98333°N 3.46667°W / 53.98333; -3.46667 England 2014 October £1,600m 44.2%[4] 17–24 15 Ørsted, Scottish Power [w 24][31]
  • "Cap." is the rated nameplate capacity of the wind farm
  • "Cost" is the total capital cost of the project up to commissioning.
  • "Cap. Fac." is the average capacity factor, i.e. the average power generated by the windfarm, as a percentage of its nameplate capacity.
  • "km to shore" is the average distance of the windfarm to shore, or (where available) the distance from the in-farm transformer/substation to the shore
  • "Depth range (m)" is the range of minimum to maximum depths of water that the windfarm is sited in
  • "Refs" cite the source references for the information. The [w ...] footnotes link to each windfarm's own home page
List of offshore wind farms in the United Kingdom is located in the United Kingdom
Barrow
Barrow
Beatrice
Beatrice
Blyth
Blyth
Burbo Bank
Burbo Bank
European Offshore Wind Deployment Centre
European Offshore Wind Deployment Centre
Greater Gabbard
Greater Gabbard
Gunfleet Sands
Gunfleet Sands
Gwynt y Môr
Gwynt y Môr
Humber Gateway
Humber Gateway
Hywind Scotland
Hywind Scotland
Kentish Flats
Kentish Flats
Lincs
Lincs
London Array
London Array
Lynn and Inner Dowsing
Lynn and Inner Dowsing
Methil
Methil
North Hoyle
North Hoyle
Ormonde
Ormonde
Rhyl Flats
Rhyl Flats
Robin Rigg
Robin Rigg
Scroby Sands
Scroby Sands
Sheringham Shoal
Sheringham Shoal
Teesside
Teesside
Thanet
Thanet
Walney
Walney
Westermost Rough
Westermost Rough
West of Duddon Sands
West of Duddon Sands
Rampion
Rampion
Locations of offshore wind farms in the United Kingdom

Wind farms under construction[edit]

This is a list of offshore wind farms currently under construction.

Name Cap.
(MW)
Turbines Location Country Project commissioning Build
Cost
Cap.
fac.
Depth
range (m)
km to
shore
Owner Refs.
East Anglia One 714 102 2020 [32]
Hornsea One 1218 174 53°53′06″N 01°47′28″E / 53.88500°N 1.79111°E / 53.88500; 1.79111 England 2020 £ 25-30 120 Ørsted (company) and Global Infrastructure Partners [33]
Hornsea Two 1386 165 53°53′06″N 01°47′28″E / 53.88500°N 1.79111°E / 53.88500; 1.79111 England 2022 £ 25-30 120 Ørsted (company) and Global Infrastructure Partners [34]
Moray East 950 2023 [32][35]
Triton Knoll 860 53°4′00″N 0°09′0″E / 53.06667°N 0.15000°E / 53.06667; 0.15000 2021 [32]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The Windpower database
  2. ^ Interactive Map of Renewable and Alternative Energy Projects in the UK
  3. ^ OffshoreDevelopment Rounds Archived 2014-02-01 at the Wayback Machine, RenewableUK
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "UK offshore wind capacity factors". 27 January 2017. Archived from the original on 19 February 2017. Retrieved 19 February 2017.
  5. ^ Barrow Offshore Wind Farm (UK) 4C . Retrieved: 9 February 2015.
  6. ^ Beatrice offshore wind farm (United Kingdom) 4C . Retrieved: 27 October 2010.
  7. ^ Beatrice extension Retrieved: 27 October 2010.
  8. ^ Royal Opening for Scotland's Largest Offshore Wind Farm Retrieved: 17 August 2019.
  9. ^ Burbo Bank Offshore Wind Farm (United Kingdom) 4C . Retrieved: 7 November 2010.
  10. ^ Dudgeon Wind Farm project page
  11. ^ Dudgeon 4C .
  12. ^ "Aberdeen offshore wind project opposed by Trump officially opening". BBC News. NE Scotland, Orkney & Shetland. 7 September 2018. Retrieved 9 September 2018.
  13. ^ Gunfleet Sands offshore wind farm (United Kingdom) 4C . Retrieved: 27 October 2010.
  14. ^ Kentish Flats offshore wind farm (United Kingdom) 4C . Retrieved: 27 October 2010.
  15. ^ Lincs Offshore Wind Farm (United Kingdom) 4C . Retrieved: January 2015.
  16. ^ Lynn Inner Dowsing offshore wind farm (United Kingdom) 4C . Retrieved: 25 October 2010.
  17. ^ North Hoyle Offshore Wind Farm (United Kingdom) 4C . Retrieved: 7 November 2010.
  18. ^ Ormonde (UK) offshore wind farm 4C . Retrieved: 9 February 2015.
  19. ^ Race Bank Wind Farm project page Archived 2016-01-16 at the Wayback Machine
  20. ^ Rampion Wind Farm project page
  21. ^ Rampion 4C .
  22. ^ Rhyl Flats Offshore Wind Farm (United Kingdom) 4C . Retrieved: 7 November 2010.
  23. ^ Robin Rigg Offshore Wind Farm (United Kingdom) 4C . Retrieved: 7 November 2010.
  24. ^ Scroby Sands offshore wind farm (United Kingdom) 4C . Retrieved: 27 October 2010.
  25. ^ Teesside offshore wind farm (United Kingdom) 4C . Retrieved: 11 February 2015.
  26. ^ Thanet Offshore Wind Farm (United Kingdom) 4C . Retrieved: 24 September 2010.
  27. ^ Walney 1, Walney 2 4C . Retrieved: 9 February 2015.
  28. ^ Walney Extension Wind Farm project page
  29. ^ Walney Extension 4C .
  30. ^ "GIB, Marubeni rejig Rough cash". RENews. 11 August 2011.
  31. ^ West of Duddon Sands (UK) offshore wind farm 4C . Retrieved: 9 February 2015.
  32. ^ a b c Crown Estate - Offshore Wind Operational Report Retrieved: 17 August 2019.
  33. ^ Hornsea One, the biggest offshore wind farm in the world Retrieved: 15 December 2018.
  34. ^ Hornsea Two Offshore Wind Farm Retrieved: 17 Aug 2019.
  35. ^ 4C Offshore - Moray East

External links[edit]

Wind farms[edit]