List of offshore wind farms in the United Kingdom

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Four offshore wind farms are in the Thames Estuary area: Kentish Flats, Gunfleet Sands, Thanet and London Array. The latter was the largest in the world from April 2013 to September 2018.
Map all coordinates using: OpenStreetMap 
Download coordinates as: KML · GPX

This is a list of offshore wind farms within the national maritime boundaries of the United Kingdom. The name of the wind farm is the name used by the energy company when referring to the farm; it is usually related to the name of the nearest town on shore.[1][2][3] There are currently c.5-6GW of offshore wind in the UK, with a further 4-5GW having secured development contracts.

Operational offshore wind farms[edit]

Wind farm Cap.
(MW)
Turbines Where When Build
Cost
Cap.
fac.
Depth
range (m)
km to
shore
Country Owner Refs.
Barrow 90 30 × Vestas V90-3.0MW 53°59′00″N 3°17′00″W / 53.98333°N 3.28333°W / 53.98333; -3.28333 (Barrow 90MW) 2006 July £123m 35.9%[4] 15–20 7  England Ørsted [w 1][5]
Beatrice 10 2 × REpower 5M 58°06′20″N 03°05′35″W / 58.10556°N 3.09306°W / 58.10556; -3.09306 (Beatrice 10MW) 2007 July £35m 20% 45 23  Scotland SSE and Talisman Energy [w 2][6]
Blyth Offshore 4 2 × Vestas V66-2MW 55°08′09″N 01°29′25″W / 55.13583°N 1.49028°W / 55.13583; -1.49028 (Blyth Offshore 4MW) 2000 December £4m 6–11 1.6  England E.ON
Burbo Bank 90 25 × Siemens SWP 3.6–107 53°29′00″N 3°11′00″W / 53.48333°N 3.18333°W / 53.48333; -3.18333 (Burbo Bank 90MW) 2007 September £90m 32–35% 0–6 7  England Ørsted [w 3][7]
Burbo Bank Extension 258 32 × Vestas V164 8.0 MW 53°29′00″N 3°11′00″W / 53.48333°N 3.18333°W / 53.48333; -3.18333 (Burbo Bank Extension 258MW) 2017 April 6–13  England Ørsted
Dudgeon 402 67 × Siemens SWT-6.0–154 53°15′00″N 1°23′00″E / 53.25000°N 1.38333°E / 53.25000; 1.38333 (Dudgeon 402MW) 2017 October £1.5bn 48%  England Equinor, Statkraft [8][9]
European Offshore Wind Deployment Centre 93 11 × Vestas V164-8MW 57°13′0″N 1°59′0″W / 57.21667°N 1.98333°W / 57.21667; -1.98333 (European Offshore Wind Deployment Centre 93MW) 2018 September 32 3  Scotland European Offshore Wind Deployment Centre [w 4][10]
Greater Gabbard 504 140 × Siemens SWT-3.6–107 51°56′0″N 1°53′0″E / 51.93333°N 1.88333°E / 51.93333; 1.88333 (Greater Gabbard 504MW) 2012 September £1500m 42.2%[4] 20–32 23  England SSE Renewables [w 5]
Gunfleet Sands 1 & 2 172 48 × Siemens SWP-3.6–107 51°43′0″N 01°12′50″E / 51.71667°N 1.21389°E / 51.71667; 1.21389 (Gunfleet Sands 1 & 2 172MW) 2010 April £300m 36.6% 2–15 7  England Ørsted [w 6][11]
Gunfleet Sands 3 – Demonstration Project 12 2 × Siemens SWT-6.0 120 51°43′0″N 01°12′50″E / 51.71667°N 1.21389°E / 51.71667; 1.21389 (Gunfleet Sands 3 – Demonstration Project 12MW) 2013 April £51m 31.1% 5–12 8  England Ørsted [w 7]
Gwynt y Môr 576 160 × Siemens SWT-3.6 107 53°27′00″N 03°35′00″W / 53.45000°N 3.58333°W / 53.45000; -3.58333 (Gwynt y Môr 576MW) 2015 June >£2b 31.7% 20 17  Wales RWE Npower, Stadtwerke München, GIB, Siemens [w 8]
Humber Gateway 219 73 × Vestas V112 3.0MW 53°38′38″N 0°17′35″E / 53.64389°N 0.29306°E / 53.64389; 0.29306 (Humber Gateway 219MW) 2015 June £736m 41.1% 15 10  England E.ON [w 9]
Hywind Scotland 30 5 × Siemens SWT-6.0-154 6MW 57°29′0″N 1°21′0″W / 57.48333°N 1.35000°W / 57.48333; -1.35000 (Hywind Scotland 30MW) 2017 October NOK2 billion (£152m) 95–120 25  Scotland Equinor, Masdar
Kentish Flats 140 30 × Vestas V90-3.0MW, 15 Vestas V112-3.3MW 51°27′36″N 01°05′24″E / 51.46000°N 1.09000°E / 51.46000; 1.09000 (Kentish Flats 140MW) 2005 October £121.5m 31.3%, 42.9%[4] 3–5 10  England Vattenfall [w 10][12]
Lincs 270 75 × Siemens SWT-3.6–120 53°11′0″N 0°29′0″E / 53.18333°N 0.48333°E / 53.18333; 0.48333 (Lincs 270MW) 2013 September £1000m 42% 10–15 8  England Centrica, Siemens, Ørsted [w 11][13]
London Array 630 175 × Siemens SWT-3.6 51°38′38″N 1°33′13″E / 51.64389°N 1.55361°E / 51.64389; 1.55361 (London Array 630MW) 2013 April £1800m 41.1%[4] 0–25 20  England Ørsted, E.ON UK Renewables, Masdar [w 12]
Lynn and Inner Dowsing 194 54 × Siemens SWP-3.6–107 53°07′39″N 0°26′10″E / 53.12750°N 0.43611°E / 53.12750; 0.43611 (Lynn and Inner Dowsing 194MW) 2009 March £300m 34.9% 6–11 5  England Centrica 50%
TCW 50%
[w 13][14]
Methil 7 1 × Samsung 7 MW 56°09′46″N 03°00′32″W / 56.16278°N 3.00889°W / 56.16278; -3.00889 (Methil 7MW) 2013 October 5 0.05  Scotland Samsung, 2-B Energy [w 14]
North Hoyle 60 30 × Vestas V80-2MW 53°26′00″N 3°24′00″W / 53.43333°N 3.40000°W / 53.43333; -3.40000 (North Hoyle 60MW) 2003 December £80m 31.5% 5–12 7  Wales Npower (UK) (RWE) [w 15][15]
Ormonde 150 30 × REpower 5MW 54°06′00″N 3°24′00″W / 54.10000°N 3.40000°W / 54.10000; -3.40000 (Ormonde 150MW) 2012 August £552m 39.5%[4] 17–22 9.5  England Vattenfall [w 16][16]
Race Bank 580 91 × Siemens SWT-6.0–154 53°16′30″N 0°50′30″E / 53.27500°N 0.84167°E / 53.27500; 0.84167 (Race Bank 580MW) 2018 February  England Ørsted [17]
Rampion 400 116 × Vestas V112-3.45MW 50°40′00″N 0°16′00″W / 50.66667°N 0.26667°W / 50.66667; -0.26667 (Rampion 400MW) 2018 April £1.3bn  England E.ON [18][19]
Rhyl Flats 90 25 × Siemens SWP 3.6–107 53°22′00″N 3°39′00″W / 53.36667°N 3.65000°W / 53.36667; -3.65000 (Rhyl Flats 90MW) 2009 December £198m 32.9%[4] 4–15 8  Wales Npower (UK) (RWE) [w 17][20]
Robin Rigg 180 60 × Vestas V90-3.0MW 54°45′00″N 3°43′00″W / 54.75000°N 3.71667°W / 54.75000; -3.71667 (Robin Rigg 180MW) 2010 April £396m 35.1%[4] 0–12 11  Scotland E.ON [w 18][21]
Scroby Sands 60 30 × Vestas V80-2MW 52°38′0″N 1°47′0″E / 52.63333°N 1.78333°E / 52.63333; 1.78333 (Scroby Sands 60MW) 2004 March £75.5m 30.7%[4] 0–8 2.5  England E.ON [w 19][22]
Sheringham Shoal 317 88 × Siemens SWT-3.6–107 53°07′0″N 1°08′0″E / 53.11667°N 1.13333°E / 53.11667; 1.13333 (Sheringham Shoal 317MW) 2012 September £1100m 40.7%[4] 12–24 17  England Equinor 50%
Statkraft 50%
[w 20]
Teesside 62 27 × Siemens SWT-2.3 54°38′50″N 1°05′40″W / 54.64722°N 1.09444°W / 54.64722; -1.09444 (Teesside 62MW) 2013 August £200m 34.8% 7–15 1.5  England EDF-EN [23]
Thanet 300 100 × Vestas V90-3.0MW 51°26′0″N 1°38′0″E / 51.43333°N 1.63333°E / 51.43333; 1.63333 (Thanet 300MW) 2010 September £900m 32.8% 20–25 11  England Vattenfall [w 21][24]
Walney 367 102 Siemens SWP 3.6–107 54°03′00″N 3°31′00″W / 54.05000°N 3.51667°W / 54.05000; -3.51667 (Walney 367MW) 2010 February £630m 40.5%, 43.8%[4] 19–30 14  England Ørsted, SSE, OPW [w 22][25]
Walney Extension 659 47 × Siemens SWT-7.0-154, 40 × MHI Vestas V164-8.25 MW 54°5′17″N 3°44′17″W / 54.08806°N 3.73806°W / 54.08806; -3.73806 (Walney Extension 659MW) 2018 September  England Ørsted [26][27]
Westermost Rough 210 35 Siemens SWT-6.0–154 53°48′18″N 0°8′56″E / 53.80500°N 0.14889°E / 53.80500; 0.14889 (Westermost Rough 210MW) 2015 May £370m 42.9%[4] 15 10  England Ørsted, Marubeni, GIB [w 23][28]
West of Duddon Sands 389 108 Siemens SWP 3.6–120 53°59′00″N 3°28′00″W / 53.98333°N 3.46667°W / 53.98333; -3.46667 (West of Duddon Sands 389MW) 2014 October £1600m 44.2%[4] 17–24 15  England Ørsted, Scottish Power [w 24][29]


  • "Cap." is the rated nameplate capacity of the wind farm
  • "When" is the year when the windfarm was or will be commissioned and put into service.
  • "Cost" is the total capital cost of the project up to commissioning.
  • "Cap. Fac." is the average capacity factor, i.e. the average power generated by the windfarm, as a percentage of its nameplate capacity.
  • "km to shore" is the average distance of the windfarm to shore, or (where available) the distance from the in-farm transformer/substation to the shore
  • "Depth range (m)" is the range of minimum to maximum depths of water that the windfarm is sited in
  • "Refs" cite the source references for the information. The [w ...] footnotes link to each windfarm's own home page
List of offshore wind farms in the United Kingdom is located in the United Kingdom
Barrow
Barrow
Beatrice
Beatrice
Blyth
Blyth
Burbo Bank
Burbo Bank
European Offshore Wind Deployment Centre
European Offshore Wind Deployment Centre
Greater Gabbard
Greater Gabbard
Gunfleet Sands
Gunfleet Sands
Gwynt y Môr
Gwynt y Môr
Humber Gateway
Humber Gateway
Hywind Scotland
Hywind Scotland
Kentish Flats
Kentish Flats
Lincs
Lincs
London Array
London Array
Lynn and Inner Dowsing
Lynn and Inner Dowsing
Methil
Methil
North Hoyle
North Hoyle
Ormonde
Ormonde
Rhyl Flats
Rhyl Flats
Robin Rigg
Robin Rigg
Scroby Sands
Scroby Sands
Sheringham Shoal
Sheringham Shoal
Teesside
Teesside
Thanet
Thanet
Walney
Walney
Westermost Rough
Westermost Rough
West of Duddon Sands
West of Duddon Sands
Rampion
Rampion
Locations of offshore wind farms in the United Kingdom

Wind farms under construction[edit]

This is a list of offshore wind farms currently under construction.

Wind farm Cap.
(MW)
Turbines Where When Build
Cost
Cap.
fac.
Depth
range (m)
km to
shore
Country Owner Refs.
Beatrice extension 588 84 58°06′20″N 03°05′35″W / 58.10556°N 3.09306°W / 58.10556; -3.09306 (Beatrice extension 588MW) 2019 £2.6 billion 45 23  Scotland SSE and Talisman Energy [30]
Hornsea One 1218 174 53°53′06″N 01°47′28″E / 53.88500°N 1.79111°E / 53.88500; 1.79111 (Hornsea One 1218MW) 2020 £ 120  England Ørsted (company) and Global Infrastructure Partners [31]
  • "Cap." is the rated nameplate capacity of the wind farm
  • "When" is the year when the windfarm was or will be commissioned and put into service.
  • "Cost" is the total capital cost of the project up to commissioning.
  • "Cap. Fac." is the average capacity factor, i.e. the average power generated by the windfarm, as a percentage of its nameplate capacity.
  • "km to shore" is the average distance of the windfarm to shore, or (where available) the distance from the in-farm transformer/substation to the shore
  • "Depth range (m)" is the range of minimum to maximum depths of water that the windfarm is sited in
  • "Refs" cite the source references for the information. The [w ...] footnotes link to each windfarm's own home page

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The Windpower database
  2. ^ Interactive Map of Renewable and Alternative Energy Projects in the UK
  3. ^ OffshoreDevelopment Rounds Archived 2014-02-01 at the Wayback Machine, RenewableUK
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "UK offshore wind capacity factors". 27 January 2017. Archived from the original on 19 February 2017. Retrieved 19 February 2017.
  5. ^ Barrow Offshore Wind Farm (UK) 4C . Retrieved: 9 February 2015.
  6. ^ Beatrice offshore wind farm (United Kingdom) 4C . Retrieved: 27 October 2010.
  7. ^ Burbo Bank Offshore Wind Farm (United Kingdom) 4C . Retrieved: 7 November 2010.
  8. ^ Dudgeon Wind Farm project page
  9. ^ Dudgeon 4C .
  10. ^ "Aberdeen offshore wind project opposed by Trump officially opening". BBC News. NE Scotland, Orkney & Shetland. 7 September 2018. Retrieved 9 September 2018.
  11. ^ Gunfleet Sands offshore wind farm (United Kingdom) 4C . Retrieved: 27 October 2010.
  12. ^ Kentish Flats offshore wind farm (United Kingdom) 4C . Retrieved: 27 October 2010.
  13. ^ Lincs Offshore Wind Farm (United Kingdom) 4C . Retrieved: January 2015.
  14. ^ Lynn Inner Dowsing offshore wind farm (United Kingdom) 4C . Retrieved: 25 October 2010.
  15. ^ North Hoyle Offshore Wind Farm (United Kingdom) 4C . Retrieved: 7 November 2010.
  16. ^ Ormonde (UK) offshore wind farm 4C . Retrieved: 9 February 2015.
  17. ^ Race Bank Wind Farm project page Archived 2016-01-16 at the Wayback Machine
  18. ^ Rampion Wind Farm project page
  19. ^ Rampion 4C .
  20. ^ Rhyl Flats Offshore Wind Farm (United Kingdom) 4C . Retrieved: 7 November 2010.
  21. ^ Robin Rigg Offshore Wind Farm (United Kingdom) 4C . Retrieved: 7 November 2010.
  22. ^ Scroby Sands offshore wind farm (United Kingdom) 4C . Retrieved: 27 October 2010.
  23. ^ Teesside offshore wind farm (United Kingdom) 4C . Retrieved: 11 February 2015.
  24. ^ Thanet Offshore Wind Farm (United Kingdom) 4C . Retrieved: 24 September 2010.
  25. ^ Walney 1, Walney 2 4C . Retrieved: 9 February 2015.
  26. ^ Walney Extension Wind Farm project page
  27. ^ Walney Extension 4C .
  28. ^ "GIB, Marubeni rejig Rough cash". RENews. 11 August 2011.
  29. ^ West of Duddon Sands (UK) offshore wind farm 4C . Retrieved: 9 February 2015.
  30. ^ Beatrice extension Retrieved: 27 October 2010.
  31. ^ Hornsea One, the biggest offshore wind farm in the world Retrieved: 15 December 2018.

External links[edit]

Wind farms[edit]