List of offshore wind farms in the United Kingdom

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Four offshore wind farms are in the Thames Estuary area: Kentish Flats, Gunfleet Sands, Thanet and London Array. The last was the largest in the world from April 2013 to September 2018.
Map all coordinates using: OpenStreetMap 
Download coordinates as: KML · GPX

This is a list of offshore wind farms within the national maritime boundaries of the United Kingdom. The name of the wind farm is the name used by the energy company when referring to the farm; it is usually related to the name of the nearest town on shore.[1][2][3]

In February 2020 there was 8,113 MW in offshore wind capacity in the UK, with a further 10,579 MW under construction or proposed to be built by 2025.

Operational offshore wind farms[edit]

In February 2020, there were wind farms with a combined capacity of 8113 megawatts.

Name Country Location Cap.
(MW)
No. Model Project
commissioning
Build
cost
Cap.
fac.
Depth
range (m)
km to
shore
Owner Refs.
Hornsea One England 53°53′06″N 01°47′28″E / 53.88500°N 1.79111°E / 53.88500; 1.79111 1218 174 Siemens SWT-7.0-154 2020 £ 25-30 120 Ørsted and Global Infrastructure Partners [4]
East Anglia One England 52°14′04″N 02°29′18″E / 52.23444°N 2.48833°E / 52.23444; 2.48833 714 102 Siemens SWT-7.0-154 2020 [5]
Barrow England 53°59′00″N 3°17′00″W / 53.98333°N 3.28333°W / 53.98333; -3.28333 90 30 Vestas V90-3.0MW July 2006 £123m 35.9%[6] 15–20 7 Ørsted [w 1][7]
Beatrice Scotland 58°06′20″N 03°05′35″W / 58.10556°N 3.09306°W / 58.10556; -3.09306 10 2 REpower 5M July 2007 £35m 20% 45 23 SSE and Talisman Energy [w 2][8]
Beatrice extension Scotland 58°06′20″N 03°05′35″W / 58.10556°N 3.09306°W / 58.10556; -3.09306 588 84 Siemens Gamesa 7MW July 2019 £2,600m 45 23 SSE and Talisman Energy [9][10]
Blyth Offshore England 55°08′09″N 01°29′25″W / 55.13583°N 1.49028°W / 55.13583; -1.49028 4 2 Vestas V66-2MW December 2000
(decommissioned
2019 March)
£4m 6–11 1.6 E.ON
Burbo Bank England 53°29′00″N 3°11′00″W / 53.48333°N 3.18333°W / 53.48333; -3.18333 90 25 Siemens SWP 3.6–107 September 2007 £90m 32–35% 0–6 7 Ørsted [w 3][11]
Burbo Bank Extension England 53°29′00″N 3°11′00″W / 53.48333°N 3.18333°W / 53.48333; -3.18333 258 32 Vestas V164 8.0 MW April 2017 6–13 Ørsted
Dudgeon England 53°15′00″N 1°23′00″E / 53.25000°N 1.38333°E / 53.25000; 1.38333 402 67 Siemens SWT-6.0–154 October 2017 £1,500m 48% Equinor, Statkraft [12][13]
European Offshore Wind Deployment Centre Scotland 57°13′0″N 1°59′0″W / 57.21667°N 1.98333°W / 57.21667; -1.98333 93 11 Vestas V164-8MW September 2018 32 3 European Offshore Wind Deployment Centre [w 4][14]
Greater Gabbard England 51°56′0″N 1°53′0″E / 51.93333°N 1.88333°E / 51.93333; 1.88333 504 140 Siemens SWT-3.6–107 September 2012 £1,500m 42.2%[6] 20–32 23 SSE Renewables [w 5]
Gunfleet Sands 1 & 2 England 51°43′0″N 01°12′50″E / 51.71667°N 1.21389°E / 51.71667; 1.21389 172 48 Siemens SWP-3.6–107 April 2010 £300m 36.6% 2–15 7 Ørsted [w 6][15]
Gunfleet Sands 3 – Demonstration Project England 51°43′0″N 01°12′50″E / 51.71667°N 1.21389°E / 51.71667; 1.21389 12 2 Siemens SWT-6.0 120 April 2013 £51m 31.1% 5–12 8 Ørsted [w 7]
Gwynt y Môr Wales 53°27′00″N 03°35′00″W / 53.45000°N 3.58333°W / 53.45000; -3.58333 576 160 Siemens SWT-3.6 107 June 2015 >£2,000m 31.7% 20 17 RWE Npower, Stadtwerke München, GIB, Siemens [w 8]
Humber Gateway England 53°38′38″N 0°17′35″E / 53.64389°N 0.29306°E / 53.64389; 0.29306 219 73 Vestas V112 3.0MW June 2015 £736m 41.1% 15 10 E.ON [w 9]
Hywind Scotland Scotland 57°29′0″N 1°21′0″W / 57.48333°N 1.35000°W / 57.48333; -1.35000 30 5 Siemens SWT-6.0-154 6MW October 2017 NOK2 billion (£152m) 95–120 25 Equinor, Masdar
Kentish Flats England 51°27′36″N 01°05′24″E / 51.46000°N 1.09000°E / 51.46000; 1.09000 140 30 30x Vestas V90-3.0MW
15× Vestas V112-3.3MW
October 2005 £121.5m 31.3%, 42.9%[6] 3–5 10 Vattenfall [w 10][16]
Lincs England 53°11′0″N 0°29′0″E / 53.18333°N 0.48333°E / 53.18333; 0.48333 270 75 Siemens SWT-3.6–120 September 2013 £1,000m 42% 10–15 8 Centrica, Siemens, Ørsted [w 11][17]
London Array England 51°38′38″N 1°33′13″E / 51.64389°N 1.55361°E / 51.64389; 1.55361 630 175 Siemens SWT-3.6 April 2013 £1,800m 41.1%[6] 0–25 20 Ørsted, E.ON UK Renewables, Masdar [w 12]
Lynn and Inner Dowsing England 53°07′39″N 0°26′10″E / 53.12750°N 0.43611°E / 53.12750; 0.43611 194 54 Siemens SWP-3.6–107 March 2009 £300m 34.9% 6–11 5 Centrica 50%
TCW 50%
[w 13][18]
Methil Scotland 56°09′46″N 03°00′32″W / 56.16278°N 3.00889°W / 56.16278; -3.00889 7 1 Samsung 7 MW October 2013 5 0.05 Samsung, 2-B Energy [w 14]
North Hoyle Wales 53°26′00″N 3°24′00″W / 53.43333°N 3.40000°W / 53.43333; -3.40000 60 30 Vestas V80-2MW December 2003 £80m 31.5% 5–12 7 Greencoat UKW [w 15][19]
Ormonde England 54°06′00″N 3°24′00″W / 54.10000°N 3.40000°W / 54.10000; -3.40000 150 30 REpower 5MW August 2012 £552m 39.5%[6] 17–22 9.5 Vattenfall [w 16][20]
Race Bank England 53°16′30″N 0°50′30″E / 53.27500°N 0.84167°E / 53.27500; 0.84167 580 91 Siemens SWT-6.0–154 February 2018 Ørsted [21]
Rampion England 50°40′00″N 0°16′00″W / 50.66667°N 0.26667°W / 50.66667; -0.26667 400 116 Vestas V112-3.45MW April 2018 £1,300m 13 E.ON [22][23]
Rhyl Flats Wales 53°22′00″N 3°39′00″W / 53.36667°N 3.65000°W / 53.36667; -3.65000 90 25 Siemens SWP 3.6–107 December 2009 £198m 32.9%[6] 4–15 8 Npower (UK) (RWE) [w 17][24]
Robin Rigg Scotland 54°45′00″N 3°43′00″W / 54.75000°N 3.71667°W / 54.75000; -3.71667 180 60 Vestas V90-3.0MW April 2010 £396m 35.1%[6] 0–12 11 E.ON [w 18][25]
Scroby Sands England 52°38′0″N 1°47′0″E / 52.63333°N 1.78333°E / 52.63333; 1.78333 60 30 Vestas V80-2MW March 2004 £75.5m 30.7%[6] 0–8 2.5 E.ON [w 19][26]
Sheringham Shoal England 53°07′0″N 1°08′0″E / 53.11667°N 1.13333°E / 53.11667; 1.13333 317 88 Siemens SWT-3.6–107 September 2012 £1,100m 40.7%[6] 12–24 17 Equinor 50%
Statkraft 50%
[w 20]
Teesside England 54°38′50″N 1°05′40″W / 54.64722°N 1.09444°W / 54.64722; -1.09444 62 27 Siemens SWT-2.3 August 2013 £200m 34.8% 7–15 1.5 EDF-EN [27]
Thanet England 51°26′0″N 1°38′0″E / 51.43333°N 1.63333°E / 51.43333; 1.63333 300 100 Vestas V90-3.0MW September 2010 £900m 32.8% 20–25 11 Vattenfall [w 21][28]
Walney England 54°03′00″N 3°31′00″W / 54.05000°N 3.51667°W / 54.05000; -3.51667 367 102 Siemens SWP 3.6–107 February 2010 £630m 40.5%, 43.8%[6] 19–30 14 Ørsted, SSE, OPW [w 22][29]
Walney Extension England 54°5′17″N 3°44′17″W / 54.08806°N 3.73806°W / 54.08806; -3.73806 659 47 47x Siemens SWT-7.0-154, 40× MHI Vestas V164-8.25 MW September 2018 Ørsted [30][31]
Westermost Rough England 53°48′18″N 0°8′56″E / 53.80500°N 0.14889°E / 53.80500; 0.14889 210 35 Siemens SWT-6.0–154 May 2015 £370m 42.9%[6] 15 10 Ørsted, Marubeni, GIB [w 23][32]
West of Duddon Sands England 53°59′00″N 3°28′00″W / 53.98333°N 3.46667°W / 53.98333; -3.46667 389 108 Siemens SWP 3.6–120 October 2014 £1,600m 44.2%[6] 17–24 15 Ørsted, Scottish Power [w 24][33]
  • "Cap." is the rated nameplate capacity of the wind farm
  • "No." is the number of wind turbines
  • "Model" is the model of wind turbine
  • "Cost" is the total capital cost of the project up to commissioning.
  • "Cap. Fac." is the average capacity factor, i.e. the average power generated by the windfarm, as a percentage of its nameplate capacity.
  • "km to shore" is the average distance of the windfarm to shore, or (where available) the distance from the in-farm transformer/substation to the shore
  • "Depth range (m)" is the range of minimum to maximum depths of water that the windfarm is sited in
  • "Refs" cite the source references for the information. The [w ...] footnotes link to each windfarm's own home page
List of offshore wind farms in the United Kingdom is located in the United Kingdom
Barrow
Barrow
Beatrice
Beatrice
Blyth
Blyth
Burbo Bank
Burbo Bank
European Offshore Wind Deployment Centre
European Offshore Wind Deployment Centre
Greater Gabbard
Greater Gabbard
Gunfleet Sands
Gunfleet Sands
Gwynt y Môr
Gwynt y Môr
Humber Gateway
Humber Gateway
Hywind Scotland
Hywind Scotland
Kentish Flats
Kentish Flats
Lincs
Lincs
London Array
London Array
Lynn and Inner Dowsing
Lynn and Inner Dowsing
Methil
Methil
North Hoyle
North Hoyle
Ormonde
Ormonde
Rampion
Rampion
Rhyl Flats
Rhyl Flats
Robin Rigg
Robin Rigg
Scroby Sands
Scroby Sands
Sheringham Shoal
Sheringham Shoal
Teesside
Teesside
Thanet
Thanet
Walney
Walney
Westermost Rough
Westermost Rough
West of Duddon Sands
West of Duddon Sands
Locations of offshore wind farms in the United Kingdom

Wind farms under construction[edit]

This is a list of offshore wind farms currently under construction, with a combined capacity in February 2020 of 5125 MW.

Name Country Location Cap.
(MW)
Turbines Project commissioning Build
Cost
Cap.
fac.
Depth
range (m)
km to
shore
Owner Refs.
Hornsea Two England 53°53′06″N 01°47′28″E / 53.88500°N 1.79111°E / 53.88500; 1.79111 1386 165 2022 £ 25-30 120 Ørsted (company) and Global Infrastructure Partners [34]
Moray East Scotland 950 2023 £ 22 EDP / Engie [5][35]
Triton Knoll 53°4′00″N 0°09′0″E / 53.06667°N 0.15000°E / 53.06667; 0.15000 857 90 2021 £2bn 33 [5]
Neart Na Gaoithe Scotland 450 54 2023 20 SSE / EDF

Proposed wind farms[edit]

These are the wind farms that have been proposed under the UK Government's Contracts for Difference Round 3 (2019),[36] with combined capacity of 5454 MW.

Name Country Location Cap.
(MW)
Turbines Project
commissioning
Strike price Cap.
fac.
Depth
range (m)
km to
shore
Owner Refs.
Doggerbank Creyke Beck A P1 1200 2023/24 39.65 [36]
Sofia Offshore Wind Farm Phase 1 1400 2023/24 39.65 [36]
Doggerbank Creyke Beck B P1 1200 2024/25 41.61 [36]
Doggerbank Teesside A P1 1200 2024/25 41.61 [36]
Seagreen Phase 1 454 2024/25 41.61 [36]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The Windpower database
  2. ^ Interactive Map of Renewable and Alternative Energy Projects in the UK
  3. ^ OffshoreDevelopment Rounds Archived 2014-02-01 at the Wayback Machine, RenewableUK
  4. ^ "Hornsea One Boosts Ørsted's Full-Year Guidance".
  5. ^ a b c Crown Estate - Offshore Wind Operational Report Retrieved: 17 August 2019.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "UK offshore wind capacity factors". 27 January 2017. Archived from the original on 19 February 2017. Retrieved 19 February 2017.
  7. ^ Barrow Offshore Wind Farm (UK) 4C . Retrieved: 9 February 2015.
  8. ^ Beatrice offshore wind farm (United Kingdom) 4C . Retrieved: 27 October 2010.
  9. ^ Beatrice extension Retrieved: 27 October 2010.
  10. ^ Royal Opening for Scotland's Largest Offshore Wind Farm Retrieved: 17 August 2019.
  11. ^ Burbo Bank Offshore Wind Farm (United Kingdom) 4C . Retrieved: 7 November 2010.
  12. ^ Dudgeon Wind Farm project page
  13. ^ Dudgeon 4C .
  14. ^ "Aberdeen offshore wind project opposed by Trump officially opening". BBC News. NE Scotland, Orkney & Shetland. 7 September 2018. Retrieved 9 September 2018.
  15. ^ Gunfleet Sands offshore wind farm (United Kingdom) 4C . Retrieved: 27 October 2010.
  16. ^ Kentish Flats offshore wind farm (United Kingdom) 4C . Retrieved: 27 October 2010.
  17. ^ Lincs Offshore Wind Farm (United Kingdom) 4C . Retrieved: January 2015.
  18. ^ Lynn Inner Dowsing offshore wind farm (United Kingdom) 4C . Retrieved: 25 October 2010.
  19. ^ North Hoyle Offshore Wind Farm (United Kingdom) 4C . Retrieved: 7 November 2010.
  20. ^ Ormonde (UK) offshore wind farm 4C . Retrieved: 9 February 2015.
  21. ^ Race Bank Wind Farm project page Archived 2016-01-16 at the Wayback Machine
  22. ^ Rampion Wind Farm project page
  23. ^ Rampion 4C .
  24. ^ Rhyl Flats Offshore Wind Farm (United Kingdom) 4C . Retrieved: 7 November 2010.
  25. ^ Robin Rigg Offshore Wind Farm (United Kingdom) 4C . Retrieved: 7 November 2010.
  26. ^ Scroby Sands offshore wind farm (United Kingdom) 4C . Retrieved: 27 October 2010.
  27. ^ Teesside offshore wind farm (United Kingdom) 4C . Retrieved: 11 February 2015.
  28. ^ Thanet Offshore Wind Farm (United Kingdom) 4C . Retrieved: 24 September 2010.
  29. ^ Walney 1, Walney 2 4C . Retrieved: 9 February 2015.
  30. ^ Walney Extension Wind Farm project page
  31. ^ Walney Extension 4C .
  32. ^ "GIB, Marubeni rejig Rough cash". RENews. 11 August 2011.
  33. ^ West of Duddon Sands (UK) offshore wind farm 4C . Retrieved: 9 February 2015.
  34. ^ Hornsea Two Offshore Wind Farm Retrieved: 17 Aug 2019.
  35. ^ 4C Offshore - Moray East
  36. ^ a b c d e f "Contracts for Difference (CfD) Allocation Round 3: results". GOV.UK. Retrieved 2019-09-23.

External links[edit]

Wind farms[edit]