List of oldest banks in continuous operation

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The merchant banker Cornelius Berenberg, a member of the Berenberg family, whose grandfather founded Berenberg Bank in 1590
Banca Monte dei Paschi di Siena headquarters in Siena today

This list of the oldest banks includes financial institutions in continuous operation, operating with the same legal identity without interruption since their establishment until the present time.

Depending on the definition, the world's oldest bank is either Banca Monte dei Paschi di Siena or Berenberg Bank. Banca Monte dei Paschi di Siena was founded in its present form in 1624, but traces its history to a mount of piety founded in 1472. The Berenberg company was founded in 1590 and has operated continuously ever since with the same family as owners or major co-owners. Banca Monte dei Paschi di Siena is today a large Italian retail bank, while Berenberg Bank is primarily involved in investment banking and private banking for wealthy customers; in any event Berenberg Bank is the world's oldest merchant bank or investment bank. The world's oldest central bank is the Sveriges Riksbank, which was founded in 1668. Banco di Napoli origins date back to 1539, when the first mount of piety was established in Naples;[1] the bank, absorbed by different entities between 2002-2017,[2] is still operating as subsidiary bank in southern Italy.[3][4][5]

Banks established before 1600[edit]

Year Company Country (historic) Country (modern) Notes
1472

1624

Banca Monte dei Paschi di Siena Siena

Tuscany|medici

Italy Tracing its history to a mount of piety founded in 1472, but founded in its present form in 1624
1590 Berenberg Bank Hamburg Germany The oldest bank operating continuously with the same legal identity; the oldest merchant bank

Banks established in the 17th century[edit]

Year Company Country (historic) Country (modern) Notes
1668 Sveriges Riksbank Sweden Sweden The world's oldest central bank
1672 C. Hoare & Co Kingdom of England United Kingdom The oldest British bank
1674 Metzler Bank Frankfurt Germany
1690 Barclays Kingdom of England United Kingdom
1692 Coutts Kingdom of England United Kingdom
1694 Bank of England Kingdom of England United Kingdom
1695 Bank of Scotland Kingdom of Scotland United Kingdom

Banks established in the 18th century[edit]

Year Company Country (historic) Country (modern) Notes
1702 Caja Madrid Castile Spain
1717 Drummonds Bank Kingdom of Great Britain United Kingdom
1727 Royal Bank of Scotland Kingdom of Great Britain United Kingdom
1737 Van Lanschot Dutch Republic Netherlands
1747 Banque Nagelmackers Liège Belgium
1760 Banque Courtois Kingdom of France France
1765 Lloyds Bank Kingdom of Great Britain United Kingdom
1774 Fürstlich Castell'sche Bank Würzburg Germany
1780 Landolt & Cie Neuchâtel Switzerland
1782 Bank of Spain Spain Spain
1783 Bank of Ireland Kingdom of Ireland Ireland
1784 The Bank of New York United States United States Oldest US bank tracing to its original incorporation, without resorting to an acquired predeecessor
1785 Trinkaus & Burkhardt Palatinate Germany
1786 Hottinger & Cie Kingdom of France Switzerland
1787 La Roche & Co. Basel Switzerland
1787 Raphaels Bank Kingdom of Great Britain United Kingdom
1789 Sal. Oppenheim Cologne Germany Acquired by Deutsche Bank, which began shutting it down as a separate entity in 2017
1792 State Street Corporation United States United States Age dated to predecessor Union Bank
1796 Hauck & Aufhäuser Frankfurt Germany
1796 Lombard Odier & Cie Geneva Switzerland
1798 Donner & Reuschel Hamburg Germany
1798 M. M. Warburg & Co. Hamburg Germany
1799 The Manhattan Company United States United States Reverse merged with Chase National, retaining the Manhattan charter, but later acquired by Chemical Bank. While Chemical renamed itself Chase Manhattan, the direct corporate lineage was Chemical's

Banks established in the 19th century[edit]

Year Company Country (historic) Country (modern) Notes
1800 Banque de France France France
1804 Schroders UKGBI United Kingdom
1805 Pictet & Cie Geneva Switzerland
1806 State Bank of India Calcutta India
1808 Banco do Brasil Brazil Brazil
1810 Brown, Shipley & Co. UKGBI United Kingdom
1811 N M Rothschild & Sons UKGBI United Kingdom
1811 Bank of Finland Finland Finland
1812 Citibank United States United States Originally City Bank of New York and then National City Bank of New York.
1812 Sparkasse Schwyz Schwyz Switzerland
1814 De Nederlandsche Bank Netherlands Netherlands
1815 Banque Bonhôte Neuchâtel Switzerland
1817 SNS Bank Netherlands Netherlands
1817 Bank of Montreal Lower Canada Canada
1817 Bank of New South Wales New South Wales Australia
1818 Brown Brothers Harriman & Co. United States United States
1818 Groupe Caisse d'Épargne restoration France
1818 Berliner Sparkasse 1803 Germany
1818 Danmarks Nationalbank Denmark Denmark
1819 Mirabaud & Cie Geneva Switzerland
1819 Erste Bank Austrian Empire Austria
1820 Nordea Sweden Sweden
1820 Swedbank Sweden Sweden
1820 Institution for Savings United States United States
1822 Bank of the Province of Buenos Aires Argentina Argentina
1822 DNB Norway Norway as Christiania Sparebank
1824 Stadtsparkasse München Bavaria Germany
1825 Česká spořitelna Bohemia Czech Republic
1826 AEK Bank 1826 Bern Switzerland
1827 Hamburger Sparkasse Hamburg Germany
1828 Bankhaus Spängler Austrian Empire Austria
1828 De Curaçaosche Bank Curaçao Curaçao
1828 Citizens Financial Group United States United States
1828 Centreville Bank United States United States
1828 Javasche Bank Dutch East Indies Indonesia
1829 Clientis Caisse d’Epargne CEC Bern Switzerland
1831 Dedham Institution for Savings United States United States
1831 National Grand Bank United States United States
1832 Wilmington Savings Fund Society United States United States
1832 Scotiabank Lower Canada Canada
1833 Chemung Canal Trust Company United States United States
1833 Arbuthnot Latham United Kingdom United Kingdom
1834 Bank BSU Zürich Switzerland
1834 Old National Bank United States United States
1835 Australia and New Zealand Banking Group British Empire Australia
1836 The Honesdale National Bank United States United States
1838 Ballston Spa National Bank United States United States
1838 Clydesdale Bank UKGBI United Kingdom
1838 First National Bank Cape Colony South Africa
1838 Mauritius Commercial Bank British Empire Mauritius
1839 Ionian Bank Ionian Islands Greece Continued operations in Greece until 1999, then merged with Alpha Credit Bank to form Alpha Bank
1839 Provident Bank of New Jersey United States United States
1840 Montepio Portugal Portugal
1841 National Bank of Greece Kingdom of Greece Greece
1841 Sberbank Russian Empire Russia
1844 Bordier & Cie Geneva Switzerland
1844 CaixaBank Spain Spain as Caixa de Barcelona
1847 Auckland Savings Bank New Zealand New Zealand
1846 Banco de Portugal Portugal Portugal
1848 Lazard United States United States
1849 Oddo et Cie France France
1849 Hoerner Bank 1848 Germany
1849 Australian Mutual Provident Society New South Wales Australia
1850 Spar- und Leihkasse Bucheggberg Switzerland Switzerland
1850 Bank Sparhafen Zürich Switzerland Switzerland
1850 Volksbank Austrian Empire Austria
1851 Essex Savings Bank United States United States
1852 PNC Bank United States United States
1851 Bank of the Philippine Islands Philippines Philippines
1852 Crédit Foncier de France France France
1852 Wells Fargo United States United States
1853 Beneficial Bank United States United States
1854 Newburyport Five Cents Savings Bank United States United States
1854 UBS Switzerland Switzerland
1855 Salem Five Cents Bank United States United States
1856 Credit Suisse Switzerland Switzerland
1856 Banque et Caisse d'Épargne de l'État Luxembourg Luxembourg
1856 Ottoman Bank Ottoman Empire Turkey
1856 M&T Bank United States United States
1856

1869

Regions Bank United States United States as 1st National Bank of Huntsville

as Union Planters

1857 Santander Spain Spain
1857 Banco Bilbao Vizcaya Argentaria Spain Spain
1858 Fifth Third Bank United States United States
1858 Bendigo Bank Victoria Australia
1858 Standard Chartered British Raj India
1859 National Bank of Canada Canada Canada
1860 State Bank of the Russian Empire 1858 Russia
1861 Caixa Econômica Federal Empire of Brazil Brazil
1861 Bank of New Zealand New Zealand New Zealand
1861 Associated Bank United States United States
1862 Bank Spółdzielczy w Brodnicy 1803 Poland
1862 Standard Bank 1801 South Africa
1863 Crédit Lyonnais France France
1863 Ziraat Bankası Ottoman Empire Turkey
1864 First Horizon National Corporation United States United States as First National Bank
1864 Royal Bank of Canada Canada Canada
1864 Société Générale France France
1864 CEC Bank 1848 Romania
1864 Banco de Londres y México Mexico Mexico
1865 HSBC Hong Kong Hong Kong
1865 Allahabad Bank British Raj India
1867 Bank of Stockton United States United States
1867 Canadian Imperial Bank of Commerce Canada Canada The Canadian Imperial Bank of Commerce was formed through the 1 June 1961, merger of the Canadian Bank of Commerce (founded 1867) and the Imperial Bank of Canada (founded 1873)
1868 Busey Bank United States United States
1868 Vojvođanska banka 1867 Serbia
1868 Sandy Spring Bank United States United States
1868 Oldenburgische Landesbank Oldenburg Germany
1868 The Bank of Edwardsville United States United States
1868 Živnostenská banka Bohemia Czech Republic
1869 Goldman Sachs United States United States
1869 Mellon Bank United States United States as T. Mellon & Sons' Bank
1870 Banco de Bogotá Colombia Colombia
1870 Bank Handlowy Poland Poland
1870 Commerzbank 1803 Germany
1870 Deutsche Bank 1803 Germany
1870 Dominick & Dominick United States United States
1871 Banco Nacional de Bolivia Bolivia Bolivia
1871 Danske Bank Denmark Denmark
1871 Handelsbanken Sweden Sweden
1871 Wayne Bank United States United States
1872 BB&T United States United States
1873 The Daishi Bank (ja) Empire of Japan Japan
1873 Zions Bank United States United States
1874 Bank of Queensland Queensland Australia
1875 Toowoomba Permanent Building Society Queensland Australia
1875 Standard Chartered Bank 1874 Malaysia
1876 Pharaon & Chiha Bank Ottoman Empire Lebanon
1876 Caixa Geral de Depósitos Portugal Portugal
1877 POSB Bank 1874 Singapore
1877 Banco de Costa Rica Costa Rica Costa Rica
1877 QNB Bank United States United States
1877 The Juroku Bank (ja) Empire of Japan Japan
1877 The Eighteenth Bank (ja) Empire of Japan Japan
1878 Close Brothers Group UKGBI United Kingdom
1878 Bank of the City of Buenos Aires Argentina Argentina
1878 The Hyakujushi Bank (ja) Empire of Japan Japan
1878 The 77 Bank Empire of Japan Japan
1878 The Hyakugo Bank (ja) Empire of Japan Japan
1879 Bulgarian National Bank Bulgaria Bulgaria
1879 Kakegawa Shinkin Bank (ja) Empire of Japan Japan
1880 National Bank of Romania Romania Romania
1881 Oppenheimer United States United States
1881 Banc Sabadell Spain Spain
1881 Bank of Clarke County United States United States
1882 Crédit Mutuel France France
1882 Bank of Japan Empire of Japan Japan
1883 Bank Mendes Gans Netherlands Netherlands
1883 Hancock Bank United States United States
1884 National Bank of Serbia Serbia Serbia
1884 Banque de Tunisie Tunisia Tunisia
1884 Banco Nacional de Mexico Mexico Mexico
1885 HSBC El Salvador El Salvador El Salvador
1886 Banca Sella Group Kingdom of Italy Italy as Gaudenzio Sella & C.
1886 E. Gutzwiller & Cie. Banquiers Switzerland Switzerland
1886 Banco Francés del Río de la Plata Argentina Argentina
1888 Powell Valley National Bank United States United States
1889 Bryn Mawr Trust United States United States
1889 Northern Trust United States United States
1889 First National Bank of Berryville United States United States
1890 Banco de Venezuela Venezuela Venezuela
1891 Banco de la Nación Argentina Argentina Argentina
1893 Banca d'Italia Kingdom of Italy Italy
1893 Banco de Chile Chile Chile
1893 Blue Ridge Bank United States United States
1893 National Australia Bank Victoria Australia
1894 First Bank of Nigeria Lagos Colony Nigeria
1895 Punjab National Bank British Raj India
1895 Agricultural Bank of Western Australia Western Australia Australia From 1945 to 1994 as Rural and Industries Bank of Western Australia (Known as R&I Bank)[6]

From 1994 Rural and Industries Bank of Western Australia (Known as R&I Bank) rebranded as Bank of Western Australia (Known as Bankwest)[6]

From 1995 as a subsidiary of Bank of Scotland till 2001 due to Australian Bank Privatisation[7]

From 2001 as a wholly owned subsidiary of HBOS from the merger of Halifax and Bank of Scotland till September 2008

From October 2008 as a corporate division of Commonwealth Bank of Australia from the $2.1 billion Australian Dollars sale by HBOS due to its acquisition by Lloyds Bank in September 2008 for £12.2 billion

1895 Bank Rakyat Indonesia Dutch East Indies Indonesia
1896 The Awa Bank (ja) Empire of Japan Japan
1896 Banco de la República Oriental del Uruguay Uruguay Uruguay
1896 Kenya Commercial Bank Group British East Africa Kenya As a subsidiary of National Bank of India
1898 National Bank of Egypt Egypt Egypt as Ottoman Empire Bank
1899 Bank of Cyprus Cyprus Cyprus
1899 Fukui Bank (ja) Empire of Japan Japan

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ https://www.group.intesasanpaolo.com/scriptIsir0/si09/chi_siamo/eng_banco_napoli.jsp#/chi_siamo/eng_banco_napoli.jsp
  2. ^ https://www.group.intesasanpaolo.com/scriptIsir0/si09/chi_siamo/eng_storia.jsp#/chi_siamo/eng_storia.jsp
  3. ^ https://books.google.it/books?id=YL6GDAAAQBAJ&pg=PA70&lpg=PA70&dq=operational+branches+located+in+the+regions+of+Campania,+Puglia,+Calabria+and&source=bl&ots=1EDGeLn61P&sig=vDXRj1KouSQMH6JvsZ5B61qVjOQ&hl=en&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwjOg7ng4Z7eAhXsRd8KHTjpBMEQ6AEwAXoECBIQAQ#v=onepage&q=%22operational%20branches%20located%20in%20the%20regions%20of%20Campania%2C%20Puglia%2C%20Calabria%20and%20Basilicata%22&f=false
  4. ^ https://www.google.it/search?q=banco%20di%20napoli%20sede%20napoli&oq=banco+di+napoli+sede+napoli&aqs=chrome..69i57.4050j0j4&sourceid=chrome&ie=UTF-8&num=20&npsic=0&rflfq=1&rlha=0&rllag=40841801,14240186,3560&tbm=lcl&rldimm=17102863864046613628&lqi=ChtiYW5jbyBkaSBuYXBvbGkgc2VkZSBuYXBvbGkiA4gBAQ&ved=2ahUKEwir7Kuq5J7eAhVoqIsKHZunAOQQvS4wAXoECAUQHw&rldoc=1&tbs=lrf:!2m1!1e3!3sIAE,lf:1,lf_ui:4#rlfi=hd:;si:17102863864046613628,l,ChtiYW5jbyBkaSBuYXBvbGkgc2VkZSBuYXBvbGkiA4gBAQ;mv:!3m12!1m3!1d52051.129343117966!2d14.2481917!3d40.8618471!2m3!1f0!2f0!3f0!3m2!1i267!2i207!4f13.1;tbs:lrf:!2m1!1e3!3sIAE,lf:1,lf_ui:4
  5. ^ https://www.intesasanpaolo.com/it/common/parla-con-noi/scrivi-alla-filiale-online.html
  6. ^ a b "Our Journey - About Us - Bankwest". www.bankwest.com.au. Retrieved 2018-11-01.
  7. ^ http://unpan1.un.org/intradoc/groups/public/documents/apcity/unpan005244.pdf
  • Manfred Pohl, Sabine Freitag, Handbook on the History of European Banks, European Association for Banking History, 1994