List of oldest people by country

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This is a list of oldest people by country and in selected territories. It includes the individual(s) for each given country or territory who are reported to have had the longest lifespan. Such records can only be determined to the extent that the given country's records are reliable. Comprehensive birth registration is largely a 20th-century phenomenon, so records establishing human longevity are necessarily fragmentary. The earliest comprehensive recordkeeping systems arose in Europe which makes the continent the only place that the lifespans of people born in the 19th century can be documented and verified to the standards of modern scientific research. For example, the United Kingdom organized a central recordkeeping system for England and Wales in 1837, making it compulsory by 1874.[1]

The list of oldest people is heavily skewed toward developed nations. This is not necessarily simply due to better chances of survival. Additionally the proportion of world population of current developed nations was far higher over a century ago than today; the table of nations below represents less than 20% of the current global population, the European descended population alone constituted some 36% of the world population in 1900.[2] Similarly, Japan continues to drop in world population rankings.

List of oldest people by country[edit]

This list comprises longest-lived individuals who were born, are living, or died in each country. Where known, records for both males and females are noted, as are those born in one country who emigrated to another. Multiple entries for a given country and sex indicate that the oldest person is disputed. Entries for living people are rendered in italics.

Country Name Sex Birth date Death date Age
Algeria Anne Primout[a] (died in France) F 5 October 1890 26 March 2005 114 years, 172 days
Émile Fourcade[b] (died in France) M 29 July 1884 29 December 1995 111 years, 153 days
Argentina Luisa Roncoroni de Bizzozero[3] F 30 June 1903 1 September 2015 112 years, 63 days
Australia Christina Cock[c] F 25 December 1887 22 May 2002 114 years, 148 days
John Lockett[c] M 22 January 1891 25 May 2002 111 years, 123 days
Austria Maria Mika[d] (born in the Czech Republic) F 23 May 1882 17 November 1994 112 years, 178 days
Hermine Nistler F 24 December 1900 13 February 2012 111 years, 51 days
Leopold Vietoris M 4 June 1891 9 April 2002 110 years, 309 days
Barbados James Sisnett[e] M 22 February 1900 23 May 2013 113 years, 90 days
Belarus Mollye Marcus[f] (died in the United States) F 18 October 1899 18 February 2011 111 years, 123 days
Belgium Joanna Turcksin-Deroover F 3 June 1890 6 December 2002 112 years, 186 days
Jan Machiel Reyskens[g] (died in the Netherlands) M 11 May 1878 7 January 1990 111 years, 241 days
Jan Goossenaerts M 30 October 1900 21 March 2012 111 years, 143 days
Brazil Maria Gomes Valentim F 9 July 1896 21 June 2011 114 years, 347 days
Canada Marie-Louise Meilleur F 29 August 1880 16 April 1998 117 years, 230 days
James McCoubrey (died in the USA) M 13 September 1901 5 July 2013 111 years, 295 days
Chester Pushie M 24 June 1884 22 July 1994 110 years, 28 days
Cape Verde Adelina Domingues[h] (died in the USA) F 19 February 1888 21 August 2002 114 years, 183 days
Colombia Daniel Guzmán-García M 6 February 1897 21 May 2008 111 years, 105 days
Croatia Hermina Dunz[i] (died in Austria) F 24 February 1898 14 June 2008 110 years, 111 days
Czech Republic Maria Mika[d] (died in Austria) F 23 May 1882 17 November 1994 112 years, 178 days
Marie Bernátková[j] F 22 October 1857 4 May 1969 111 years, 194 days
Denmark Christian Mortensen (died in the USA) M 16 August 1882 25 April 1998 115 years, 252 days
Johanne Svensson (died in Sweden) F 24 January 1892 29 May 2003 111 years, 125 days
Anne Matthiesen F 26 November 1884 19 March 1996 111 years, 114 days
Georg Ingwersen Jensen M 14 June 1906 Living 109 years, 241 days
Ecuador María Capovilla F 14 September 1889 27 August 2006 116 years, 347 days
Finland Maria Rothovius[k][4] F 2 October 1887 17 June 2000 112 years, 259 days
Aarne Arvonen[k] M 4 August 1897 1 January 2009 111 years, 150 days
France Jeanne Calment F 21 February 1875 4 August 1997 122 years, 164 days
Maurice Floquet M 25 December 1894 10 November 2006 111 years, 320 days
Germany Augusta Holtz[l] (died in the USA) F 3 August 1871 21 October 1986 115 years, 79 days
Maria Laqua F 12 February 1889 9 February 2002 112 years, 362 days
Hermann Dörnemann M 27 May 1893 2 March 2005 111 years, 279 days
Greece Gregory Pandazes[m] (died in the USA) M 15 January 1873 22 December 1983 110 years, 341 days
Ioanna Lambropoulos[m] F 8 May 1884 2 June 1994 110 years, 25 days
Hungary Elizabeth Stefan[n] (died in the USA) F 13 May 1895 9 April 2008 112 years, 332 days
Iceland Guðrún Björnsdóttir[o] (died in Canada)[5] F 20 October 1888 26 August 1998 109 years, 310 days
Sólveig Pálsdóttir[o][5] F 20 August 1897 28 October 2006 109 years, 69 days
Georg Ólafsson[o][5][6][7] M 26 March 1909 Living 106 years, 321 days
India Lucy d'Abreu[p] (died in the United Kingdom) F 24 May 1892 7 December 2005 113 years, 197 days
Ireland Kathleen Snavely[q] (died in the USA)[8] F 16 February 1902 6 July 2015 113 years, 140 days
Katherine Plunket[q] F 20 November 1820 14 October 1932 111 years, 327 days
Israel Maria Pogonowska (born in Poland) F 30 October 1897 15 July 2009 111 years, 258 days
Italy Emma Morano-Martinuzzi F 29 November 1899 Living 116 years, 73 days
Antonio Todde M 22 January 1889 3 January 2002 112 years, 346 days
Jamaica Violet Brown[r][9] F 10 March 1900 Living 115 years, 337 days
Japan Misao Okawa F 5 March 1898 1 April 2015 117 years, 27 days
Jiroemon Kimura M 19 April 1897 12 June 2013 116 years, 54 days
Lithuania Ella Ille Rentel[s] (died in Germany) F 19 May 1852 19 September 1962 110 years, 123 days
Mexico Dominga Velasco (died in the USA) F 12 May 1901 11 October 2015 114 years, 152 days
Moldova Goldie Steinberg[t] (died in the USA)[9] F 30 October 1900 16 August 2015 114 years, 290 days
Morocco Consuelo Moreno[u] (died in the USA) F 5 February 1893 13 November 2004 111 years, 282 days
Netherlands Hendrikje van Andel-Schipper F 29 June 1890 30 August 2005 115 years, 62 days
Jan Machiel Reyskens[g] (born in Belgium) M 11 May 1878 7 January 1990 111 years, 241 days
Jan Pieter Bos M 12 July 1891 15 December 2002 111 years, 156 days[4]
New Zealand Florence Finch (born in the United Kingdom) F 22 December 1893 10 April 2007 113 years, 109 days
Ethel Booth[v] F 25 December 1890 18 February 2001 110 years, 55 days
Norway Maren Bolette Torp F 21 December 1876 20 February 1989 112 years, 61 days
Herman Smith-Johannsen (died in Canada) M 15 June 1875 5 January 1987 111 years, 204 days
Peru Julia Dougherty (died in the USA) F 20 August 1893 4 December 2003 110 years, 106 days
Poland Rosa Rein[w] (died in Switzerland) F 24 March 1897 14 February 2010 112 years, 327 days
Alexander Imich[x] (died in the USA)[9] M 4 February 1903 8 June 2014 111 years, 124 days
Aleksandra Dranka[y][9] F 3 October 1903 29 April 2014 110 years, 208 days
Portugal Maria de Jesus F 10 September 1893 2 January 2009 115 years, 114 days
Augusto Moreira de Oliveira M 6 October 1896 13 February 2009 112 years, 130 days
Romania Elizabeth Stefan[n] (died in the USA) F 13 May 1895 9 April 2008 112 years, 332 days
Russia Goldie Michelson[z] (lives in the USA) F 8 August 1902 Living 113 years, 186 days
Andrei Kuznetsoff[z] (died in Finland) M 17 October 1873 31 January 1984 110 years, 106 days
Saint Kitts and Nevis Rosalind Hill[aa] (died in the USA) F 30 March 1899 18 January 2010 110 years, 294 days
Slovakia Jozef Daniška[10][ab] M 3 June 1909 ca. 24 September 2014 104 years, 113 days
Slovenia Katarina Marinič[ac] F 30 October 1899 2 September 2010 110 years, 307 days
Niko Dragoš[11][12][ad] M 27 August 1907 Living 108 years, 167 days
South Africa Johanna Booyson F 17 January 1857 16 June 1968 111 years, 151 days
Spain María Antonia Castro[13][ab] F 10 June 1881 16 January 1996 114 years, 220 days
Joan Riudavets M 15 December 1889 5 March 2004 114 years, 81 days
Sweden Astrid Zachrison F 15 May 1895 15 May 2008 113 years, 0 days
Anders Engberg M 1 July 1892 6 November 2003 111 years, 128 days
Switzerland Rosa Rein[w] (born in Poland) F 24 March 1897 14 February 2010 112 years, 327 days
Emma Duvoisin F 5 July 1886 30 September 1997 111 years, 87 days
Pierre Gremion M 5 March 1902 13 February 2012 109 years, 345 days
United Kingdom Charlotte Hughes F 1 August 1877 17 March 1993 115 years, 228 days
Henry Allingham M 6 June 1896 18 July 2009 113 years, 42 days
United States Sarah Knauss F 24 September 1880 30 December 1999 119 years, 97 days
Christian Mortensen (born in Denmark) M 16 August 1882 25 April 1998 115 years, 252 days
Mathew Beard M 9 July 1870 16 February 1985 114 years, 222 days
Uruguay Manolita Piña (born in Spain) F 24 February 1883 11 June 1994 111 years, 107 days

Territorial and overseas regions recordholders[edit]

Below is a list of oldest people in the territories of selected countries. Entries for living people are rendered in italics.

Country Territory Name Sex Birth date Death date Age
Denmark Faroe Islands Theodor Thomassen[14][15] M 28 October 1908 Living 107 years, 105 days
Frederikke Maria Sigvardsen[16] F 2 July 1875[17] 23 November 1980[18] 105 years, 144 days
Greenland [19] Agnethe Fencker[20] F 24 October 1910 April 2013 102 years, 159 days+
France French Guiana Eudoxie Baboul F 1 October 1901 Living 114 years, 132 days
Guadeloupe Luce Maced F 2 May 1886 25 February 2000 113 years, 299 days
Martinique Irénise Moulonguet F 6 November 1900 28 May 2013 112 years, 203 days
New Caledonia Marie-Louise Lhuillier F 26 June 1895 28 December 2007 112 years, 185 days
Réunion Maria Diaz (born in Algeria) F 22 February 1898 29 October 2011 113 years, 249 days
Julia Sinédia-Cazour F 12 July 1892 6 October 2005 113 years, 86 days
Théophane Rifosta M 6 September 1889 16 June 1999 109 years, 283 days
Saint Barthélemy Eugénie Blanchard F 16 February 1896 4 November 2010 114 years, 261 days
Netherlands Curaçao Maria Samson-Leer (born in Aruba)[21][22] F 1 February 1906 22 December 2015 109 years, 324 days
United States Puerto Rico Emiliano Mercado del Toro[4] M 21 August 1891 24 January 2007 115 years, 156 days
Antonia Gerena Rivera (died in the USA)[9] F 19 May 1900 2 June 2015 115 years, 14 days
Ramona Trinidad Iglesias-Jordan[4] F 31 August 1889 29 May 2004 114 years, 272 days

Oldest living by country[edit]

This is a list of the oldest living people by country and lists the oldest people confirmed to be alive in the last year, sorted by country. Those born in one country but who later moved to another are specifically noted.

National records[edit]

Country Name Sex Reported birth date Reported age as of 10 February 2016
Argentina Virginia Secundina Moyano F 17 May 1904 111 years, 269 days[23]
Australia Mary Whitehurst (born in United Kingdom) F 20 October 1905 110 years, 113 days[24]
Alfred Date (born in the United Kingdom) M 8 November 1905 110 years, 94 days[25]
Belgium Alicia Van den Berghe-Corveleyn F 8 January 1905 111 years, 33 days[26][27]
Jacques Clemens M 11 July 1909 106 years, 214 days[28]
Brazil Álida Victória Grubba Rudge F 10 July 1903 112 years, 215 days[29]
Cape Verde Maria Veiga Amado F 9 October 1905 110 years, 124 days[30][31][32][33]
Czech Republic Bedřiška Köhlerová F 1 July 1907 108 years, 224 days[34]
Denmark Signe Højer F 1 November 1905 110 years, 101 days[35][36]
Georg Ingwersen Jensen M 14 June 1906 109 years, 241 days[35][37]
Estonia Arved Tamm M 31 January 1910 106 years, 10 days[38][39]
France Eudoxie Baboul F 1 October 1901 114 years, 132 days[40]
Germany Gustav Gerneth M 15 October 1905 110 years, 118 days[41]
Guyana Alice Alberta Crawford F 27 May 1906 109 years, 259 days[42]
Mortimer Lamazon M 22 July 1906 109 years, 203 days[43]
Iceland Georg Ólafsson M 26 March 1909 106 years, 321 days[44][45][46]
Hlíf Böðvarsdóttir F 11 April 1909 106 years, 305 days[47]
Italy Emma Morano-Martinuzzi F 29 November 1899 116 years, 73 days
Jamaica Violet Brown F 10 March 1900 115 years, 337 days[29]
Japan Nabi Tajima F 4 August 1900 115 years, 190 days[29]
Masamitsu Yoshida M 30 May 1904 111 years, 256 days
Netherlands Geertje Kuijntjes F 19 July 1905 110 years, 206 days[48]
Wilhelmus (Wim) Hendriks M 19 January 1909 107 years, 22 days[49]
Norway Elisabet Ekenæs F 26 December 1904 111 years, 46 days[50]
Carl Falck M 27 May 1907 108 years, 259 days[50]
Poland Jadwiga Szubartowicz F 16 October 1905 110 years, 117 days[51]
Antoni Wojciechowski M 15 November 1906 109 years, 87 days[52]
Romania Maria Tudor F 8 September 1903 112 years, 155 days[53]
Serbia Jelisaveta Veljković Cenka F 18 July 1904 111 years, 207 days[54]
Seychelles Nancy Marie F 26 January 1909 107 years, 15 days[55][56][57]
Spain Ana María Vela Rubio F 29 October 1901 114 years, 104 days[29]
Francisco Núñez Olivera M 13 December 1904 111 years, 59 days[58][59]
Slovenia Niko Dragoš M 27 August 1907 108 years, 167 days[60]
Suriname Feli Noi F 5 December 1903 112 years, 67 days[61]
United Kingdom Gladys Hooper F 18 January 1903 113 years, 23 days[29]
United States Susannah Mushatt Jones F 6 July 1899 116 years, 219 days[23]

Territorial recordholders[edit]

Country Territory Name Sex Birth date Age as of 10 February 2016
Denmark Faroe Islands Theodor Thomassen M 28 October 1908 107 years, 105 days[15][62]
United Kingdom British Virgin Islands Robelteen Smith F 12 August 1908 107 years, 182 days[63]
Montserrat Anne Josephine Ponde F 13 June 1908 107 years, 242 days[64]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Primout was a native of French Algeria, now Algeria.
  2. ^ Fourcade was a native of French Algeria, now Algeria.
  3. ^ a b Cock and Lockett were born in the former British colony Victoria, which is now part of Australia.
  4. ^ a b Mika was a native of Bohemia, which was then a part of Austria-Hungary; it is now located in the Czech Republic.
  5. ^ Sisnett was born in Barbados, which was at the time of his birth a British colony; now it is an independent country.
  6. ^ Marcus was a native of Lechovitz, which was then a part of the Russian Empire; it is now located in Belarus.
  7. ^ a b Reyskens lived (from 1897) and died in the Netherlands, but kept his Belgian citizenship.
  8. ^ Domingues was born in Cape Verde, which was at the time of her birth a Portuguese colony; now it is an independent country.
  9. ^ Dunz was a native of Zagreb, which was then a part of Austria-Hungary; it is now located in Croatia.
  10. ^ Bernátková was a native of Prague, which was then a part of Austria-Hungary; it is now located in the Czech Republic.
  11. ^ a b Finland was then an autonomous part of the Russian Empire.
  12. ^ Holtz was born in Czarnikau, which was then part of the German Empire; it is now Czarnków and located in Poland.
  13. ^ a b Pandazes and Lambropoulos were natives of the Kingdom of Greece; it is now Greece.
  14. ^ a b Stefan was born in Siebenbürgen, which was then part of Austria-Hungary. It is now in Romania.
  15. ^ a b c Björnsdóttir, Pálsdóttir and Ólafsson were born in Iceland, which was at the time of their birth a part of Denmark; now it is an independent country.
  16. ^ d'Abreu was a native of Dharwar, which was then a part of the British Raj; it is now located in India.
  17. ^ a b Snavely and Plunket were born in Ireland, which was part of Great Britain was before the Anglo-Irish Treaty in 1921
  18. ^ Brown was born in Jamaica, then a British colony.
  19. ^ Rentel was a native of Geldauschinken, which was then a part of the Russian Empire; it is now located in Lithuania.
  20. ^ Steinberg was born in Kishinev, which was then a part of the Russian Empire; it is now located in Moldova
  21. ^ Moreno was a native of Spanish Morocco, which was then a part of the Spanish Empire; it is now Morocco.
  22. ^ Booth was born in New Zealand, which was at the time of her birth a British colony; now it is an independent country.
  23. ^ a b Rein was born in Dziećkowice, near Mysłowice, which was then part of the German Empire. It is now in Poland.
  24. ^ Imich was born in Częstochowa, which was then part of the Russian Empire; it is presently located in Poland.
  25. ^ Dranka was born in Harklowa, which was then part of Austra-Hungary. Before 1772 and after 1918 it is part of Poland.
  26. ^ a b Michelson and Kuznetsoff were natives of the Russian Empire; it is now Russia.
  27. ^ Hill was a native of Saint Kitts and Nevis, which were then part of the British Leeward Islands.
  28. ^ a b Daniška was born in Čierna Lehota, which was then a part of Austria-Hungary; it is now located in Slovakia.
  29. ^ Marinič was a native of Deskle, which was then a part of Austria-Hungary; it is now located in Slovenia.
  30. ^ Dragoš was born in Slovenia, then a part of Austria-Hungary.

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  44. ^ Georg Ólafsson 104 ára (Icelandic)
  45. ^ Georg Breiðfjörð Ólafsson er 106 ára í dag (Icelandic)
  46. ^ Elsti Íslendingurinn lést 109 ára og 33 daga gömul (Icelandic)
  47. ^ Hlíf orðin 106 ára (Icelandic)
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  49. ^ Wim Hendriks (106) uit Wanroij is de oudste man van Nederland (Dutch)
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