List of oldest structures in Atlanta

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Georgia Railroad Freight Depot (1869), oldest building located within city limits when built
Tullie Smith House (1840), moved from original location in North Druid Hills to Atlanta

Various buildings can lay claim to the title of oldest structure in Atlanta.

The primary reason that Atlanta does not have an abundance of older structures is that the vast majority of pre-civil war buildings were destroyed in Sherman's March to the Sea, in which General William T. Sherman burned nearly every structure in Atlanta during the Civil War. Thus, those pre-civil war buildings that remain are heavily protected by various government programs and designations due to their scarcity.

Oldest structures in Atlanta[edit]

Oldest structure within the current city limits and still in its original location, is the Joseph Willis House:

  • 1840 Joseph Willis House, home of early pioneer Joseph Willis and his Family, near the former Creek Indian village of Utoy in SW Atlanta. Home served as headquarters of Brigadier General Jacob D. Cox, commander 3rd Division US XXIII Army Corps (Army of the Ohio) during the siege of Atlanta. The Bomb proof written about by Cox, that three families survived the siege of Atlanta in August 1864 still exists. Mr. Willis remarked he lived in three counties, Henry, DeKalb and Fulton and never moved a single time. His grist mill was one mile south of his home along a tributary of Utoy Creek. His closest neighbor was Atlanta's first physician, Dr. Joshua Gilbert whose home was in the current Cascade Nature Preserve (Site of the battle of Utoy Creek). 1571 Willis Mill Road SW, Atlanta, GA 30311
  • 1860 Cascade Mansion, home of Dr. William F Poole, son in law of Atlanta's first Physician, 1530 Dodson Drive SW Atlanta, GA 30311

Note however, that the Utoy Cemetery, circa 1822 is Atlanta's Oldest, Atlanta's first Physician, and DeKalb County's first Sheriff buried at the site. Oakland Cemetery was begun in 1850.

Second Oldest structure now within, but which originally stood outside the current city limits is the:

Oldest structure with an Atlanta postal address is:

  • The 1831 Goodwin House in Brookhaven, which lies only 0.5 miles (0.80 km) east of the Atlanta city limit and has an Atlanta address

Previous oldest structures[edit]

Holland House (demolished). Built in 1842 or 1848, this was the oldest house in Atlanta still standing in the early 1900s.

In the early 1900s, the oldest house in the city was the Holland House, built in 1842[1] or 1848.[2] It originally had stood at the northeast corner of Whitehall (now Peachtree St. SE) and Alabama streets. It was later moved to what is now Trinity Ave., on the north side between Peachtree and Forsyth street.[3] The site is now a parking lot.

Thereafter, one of the oldest houses in the city was the Huff House, built in 1855, upon the foundations of an older building dating from 1830.[4] It was located at the northeast corner of Huff Road and Ellsworth Industrial Ave,[5] overlooking the site of the Battle of Peachtree Creek. The house was razed in 1954 to build a factory on the site.[6]

Other structures notable for their age[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Atlanta Journal, June 8, 1902 as reprinted on "Lost Generations" (blog)
  2. ^ Souvenir of Atlanta and Vicinity (1904), p, 28
  3. ^ The house was moved to Peters Street (now Trinity Street), according to the 1902 Atlanta Journal article, across from Trinity Church (according to Atlanta illustrated, Edward Young Clarke, 1881, p.21)
  4. ^ "My 80 years in Atlanta by Sarah Huff
  5. ^ "From the description in My 80 Years in Atlanta and from Mr. Hannah of Howell Station and Robert Haywood of Murray Co., the site of the house was at the top of the hill at the northeast corner of Huff Road and Ellsworth Industrial Avenue," on "The Huff House", Marietta Street Artery website
  6. ^ "Atlanta's oldest house razed to make way for modern plant", Rome News-Tribune, May 13, 1954
  7. ^ Jones, Tommy H. "G. W. Collier House (c. 1868)". Retrieved 2010-03-11. 
  8. ^ Hammonds House Museum

External links[edit]