List of ongoing armed conflicts

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Map of ongoing armed conflicts (number of combat-related deaths in current or past year):
  Major wars (10,000 or more)
  Wars (1,000–9,999)
  Minor conflicts (100–999)
  Skirmishes and clashes (1–99)

The following is a list of ongoing armed conflicts that are taking place around the world.

List parameters

This list of ongoing armed conflicts identifies present-day conflicts and the death toll associated with each conflict. The guidelines of inclusion are the following:

  • Armed conflicts consist in the use of armed force between two or more organized armed groups, governmental or non-governmental.[1] Interstate, intrastate and non-state armed conflicts are listed.
  • Fatality figures include battle-related deaths (military and civilian) as well as civilians intentionally targeted by the parties to an armed conflict. Only direct deaths resulting from violence are included for the current and past year; excess deaths indirectly resulting from famine, disease, or disruption of services are included along with violent deaths in the cumulative fatalities count when available.
  • Listed conflicts have at least 100 cumulative deaths in total and at least 1 death in current or in the past calendar year.
  • Fatality totals may be inaccurate or unavailable due to a lack of information. A figure with a plus symbol, indicates that at least that many people have died (e.g. 455+ indicates that at least 455 people have died).
  • Location refers to the states where the main violence takes place, not to the warring parties. Italics indicate disputed territories and unrecognized states.
  • A territorial dispute or a protest movement which has not experienced deliberate and systematic deaths due to state or paramilitary violence is not considered to be an armed conflict.

Major wars (10,000 or more combat-related deaths in current or past year)

The 3 conflicts in the following list have caused at least 10,000 direct, violent deaths per year in battles between identified groups, in a current or past calendar year.[2]

Start of
conflict
Conflict Continent Location Cumulative fatalities 2022 fatalities 2023 fatalities
1948 Internal conflict in Myanmar Asia  Myanmar 180,000–210,000[3][4] 20,206[5][6] 821[5]
2014 Russo-Ukrainian War (outline) Europe  Russia
 Ukraine
50,200–254,600+[7] 36,000[8][9]–240,400+[10][11] 1,821[5]–4,000+[12][13]
2018 Ethiopian civil conflict Africa  Ethiopia
 Eritrea
395,000–800,000[14][15] 6,641[a][16]–105,900[17] 73[5]

Wars (1,000–9,999 combat-related deaths in current or past year)

The 17 conflicts in the following list have caused at least 1,000 and fewer than 10,000 direct, violent deaths in a current or past calendar year.[2] Conflicts causing at least 1,000 deaths in one calendar year are considered wars by the Uppsala Conflict Data Program.[18]

Start of
conflict
Conflict Continent Location Cumulative fatalities 2022 fatalities 2023 fatalities
1964 Colombian conflict South America  Colombia
 Venezuela
453,000+[19] 3,087[5] 97[5]
1978 Afghanistan conflict Asia  Afghanistan
1,453,000–2,584,468+[20] 3,930[5][21] 83[5]
1991 Somali Civil War Africa  Somalia
 Kenya
513,000–1,000,000+[22][23] 7,038[5][24][25][26] 521[5]
1996 Allied Democratic Forces insurgency Africa  DR Congo
 Uganda
9,000+[27][28][29][30] 2,902[5] 101[5]
1998 Communal conflicts in Nigeria Africa  Nigeria 19,000+[31][27][32][33] 1,900[5] 70[5]
1999 Ituri conflict Africa  DR Congo 65,000+[34] 1,660[5] 39[5]
2002 Insurgency in the Maghreb Africa  Algeria
 Burkina Faso
 Chad
 Libya
 Mali
 Niger
 Tunisia
 Togo
 Benin
 Ivory Coast
 Mauritania
 Ghana
35,000+ 9,000[5][35][36] 250[5]
2003 Iraq conflict Asia  Iraq 332,000–1,215,000+[37][38][b] 4,491[5][39] 107[5]
2003 War in Darfur Africa Sudan Sudan 302,000+ 1,327+[5] 35[5]
2004 Kivu conflict Africa  DR Congo
 Rwanda
 Burundi
25,000+[40] 2,438[5][41] 104[5]
2006 Mexican drug war North America  Mexico 69,000[42][c] 7,821[5][44] 454[5]
2008 Sudanese nomadic conflicts Africa  Sudan
 South Sudan
387,000–400,000+[45] 1,900[5] 148[5]
2009 Boko Haram insurgency Africa  Nigeria
 Cameroon
 Niger
 Chad
368,000[46] 6,800[5] 344[5][47]
2011 Syrian civil war Asia  Syria 505,000–610,000+[48] 5,639[5][49] 324[5]
2011 Nigerian bandit conflict Africa Nigeria Nigeria 14,000+[50] 1,900[51] 50[5]
2012 Mali War Africa  Mali 19,000+[52][53] 4,793[5][54][55][56][57] 159[5]
2014 Yemeni Civil War Asia  Yemen
 Saudi Arabia
377,000[58] 6,828[5][59] 250[5]

Minor conflicts (100–999 combat-related deaths in current or past year)

The 25 conflicts in the following list have caused at least 100, and fewer than 1,000, direct, violent deaths in a current or past calendar year.

Start of
conflict
Conflict Continent Location Cumulative fatalities 2022 fatalities 2023 fatalities
1918 Kurdish separatism in Iran Asia  Iran 15,000–58,000+[60] 453[5] 7[5]
1947 Indo-Pakistani Wars Asia  India
 Pakistan
200,000–2,000,000[citation needed][d][61] 360[62][5] 25[5]
1948 Israeli–Palestinian conflict Asia  Israel
 Palestine
27,000[63] 255[5][64] 17[5]
1948 Insurgency in Balochistan Asia  Pakistan
 Iran
20,800–21,000+[65][66] 795[5] 25[5]
1954 Insurgency in Northeast India Asia  India 40,000[67] 24[68][69]–230[5] 1[5]
1962 Papua conflict Asia  Indonesia 100,000–500,000[70] 241[5] 4[5]
1967 Naxalite–Maoist insurgency Asia  India 12,877–14,369+[71] 101[72]–395[5] 5[5]
1968 Moro conflict Asia  Philippines 120,000–150,000[73] 275[5] 5[5]
1969 Communist rebellion in the Philippines Asia  Philippines 45,000–63,973[74] 310[5] 5[5]
1975 Cabinda War Africa  Angola 30,000[75] 101[5] 1[5]
1984 Kurdish–Turkish conflict Asia  Turkey
 Iraq
 Syria
55,000–60,000[76] 370[5][77][78] 12[5]
1988 Nagorno-Karabakh conflict Asia  Artsakh
 Azerbaijan
 Armenia
39,300–49,000+[79][80][81][82][83] 300+[5][84][85][86][87] 1[5]
2004 Insurgency in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Asia  Pakistan 46,000–61,549+[88][89][90] 893[5][91] 60[5]
2011 Libyan crisis Africa  Libya 30,000–43,000[27][92][93][94] 171[5][95] 2[5]
2011 Sudanese conflict in South Kordofan and Blue Nile Africa Sudan Sudan 7,500[40] 500+[5][96] 1[5]
2011 Sinai insurgency Asia  Egypt 6,000–7,353+[97] 269[5] 0
2012 Central African Republic Civil War Africa  Central African Republic 14,000+[27] 829[5][98] 21[5]
2014 Kyrgyzstan–Tajikistan Border Conflict Asia  Kyrgyzstan
 Tajikistan
213+[99] 148+[100][101] 1[5]
2016 Insurgency in Northern Chad Africa  Chad 644[102] 100+[103] 0
2016 Philippine drug war Asia Philippines Philippines 32,000[104] 302[5] 15[5]
2017 Insurgency in Cabo Delgado Africa  Mozambique
 Tanzania
6,000+[119] 946[5] 20[5]
2017 Anglophone Crisis Africa  Cameroon 6,000+[120] 992[e] 15[f]-67[5]
2018 Bangladesh drug war Asia  Bangladesh 800+[5] 307[5] 14[5]
2020 Ecuadorian security crisis South America  Ecuador 421[121][122][123][124][125] 109[126][127][128][129][130] 0
2022 Salvadoran Gang Wars North America  El Salvador 100+[5][131] 100+[132][133] 3[5]

Skirmishes and clashes (fewer than 100 combat-related deaths in current or past year)

The 18 conflicts in the following list have caused fewer than 100 direct, violent deaths in a current or past calendar year.

Start of
conflict
Conflict Continent Location Cumulative fatalities 2022 fatalities 2023 fatalities
1922 Arab separatism in Khuzestan Asia  Iran 501+ 3–80+[5] 0
1943 Jamaican political conflict North America  Jamaica 1,081+[134][135] 6[136] 10[5]
1945 Korean conflict Asia  North Korea
 South Korea
3,000,000 34[5] 0
1963 Katanga insurgency Africa  DR Congo 3,400+[137][5] 4[5] 0
1973 Western Sahara conflict Africa  Morocco
Saharawi Republic
14,000–21,000+ 55[5] 0
1978 Afghanistan–Pakistan border skirmishes Asia  Afghanistan
 Pakistan
1,000+[5][138] 19[5][139] 5[5]
1980 Internal conflict in Peru South America  Peru 70,000[140] 44[5] 29[5]
1982 Casamance conflict Africa  Senegal 5,000+[141] 21[5] 1[5]
1987 Lord's Resistance Army insurgency Africa  DR Congo
 Central African Republic
100,000+[142] 1[5] 0
1998 Dissident Irish republican campaign Europe  United Kingdom 160+[143] 1[144] 0
1999 Internal conflict in Bangladesh Asia  Bangladesh 1,500+[145][146] 22[147] 3[5][147]
2003 Conflict in the Niger Delta Africa  Nigeria
 Cameroon
2,500[148] 90+[149] 4[5]
2004 South Thailand insurgency Asia  Thailand 7,294[150] 42[5] 4[5]
2005 Insurgency in Paraguay South America  Paraguay 145+[g][40] 8–32[151][152][153][5] 2[5]
2006 Militias-Comando Vermelho conflict South America  Brazil 700+[154] 60[186] 0
2013 Insurgency in Egypt[h] Africa  Egypt 5,800+[27][187] 15[188] 0
2017 Islamic State insurgency in the North Caucasus Europe  Russia 200+[189][190][191][5] 6[192][193] 0
2020 FRG9 insurgency in Haiti North America  Haiti 400+[194] 89+[195] 31[5]

Deaths by country

Fatalities related to armed conflict, by country
Rank 2018[i] 2019[j] 2020[j] 2021[j] 2022
Country Deaths Country Deaths Country Deaths Country Deaths Country Deaths
1  Afghanistan Negative increase35,941  Afghanistan Negative increase41,735  Mexico Positive decrease34,512* / Afghanistan Negative increase42,223  Ukraine Negative increase240,400
2  Mexico Negative increase33,341*[197]  Mexico Negative increase35,588*  Afghanistan Positive decrease20,674  Yemen Negative increase31,048  Ethiopia Negative increase105,900
3  Yemen Negative increase22,201  Yemen Positive decrease16,050  Yemen Negative increase19,561  Ethiopia Negative increase22,800  Myanmar Negative increase20,206
4  Syria Positive decrease20,130  Syria Positive decrease11,244  Syria Positive decrease7,620  Mexico Positive decrease18,811  Mexico Positive decrease7,821
5  Iraq Positive decrease4,920  Saudi Arabia Negative increase4,832  Nigeria Negative increase7,172  Myanmar Negative increase11,114  Yemen Positive decrease6,607
6  Nigeria Negative increase4,850  Somalia Positive decrease2,604  DR Congo Negative increase6,162  Nigeria Negative increase9,687  Somalia Negative increase6,422
7  Somalia Positive decrease3,862  Libya Negative increase2,200+  Azerbaijan/
 Artsakh
Negative increase6,110  DR Congo Negative increase6,283  DR Congo Positive decrease6,254
8  Saudi Arabia Negative increase3,509  Iraq Positive decrease1,850+  Somalia Negative increase2,950  Syria Positive decrease5,828  Syria Positive decrease5,257
9  DR Congo Positive decrease1,757  Mali Positive decrease734+  Mali Negative increase2,734  Somalia Negative increase3,532  Mali Negative increase4,793
10  Mali Negative increase1,285  Egypt Positive decrease529+  Iraq Negative increase2,436  Iraq Negative increase2,605  Burkina Faso Negative increase4,700
11  South Sudan Positive decrease1,166  South Sudan Positive decrease519  Burkina Faso Negative increase2,268  Burkina Faso Negative increase2,358  Iraq Negative increase4,181
12  India Negative increase988[198]  India Positive decrease~403  South Sudan Negative increase2,245  South Sudan Positive decrease1,986  Afghanistan Positive decrease3,847
13  Cameroon Negative increase945  DR Congo Positive decrease302+  Ethiopia Negative increase1,813  Mali Positive decrease1,911  Nigeria Positive decrease3,780
14  Ethiopia Positive decrease886  Colombia Positive decrease238  Mozambique Negative increase1,696  CAR Negative increase1,704  Niger Negative increase3,000
15  CAR Positive decrease842  Cameroon Positive decrease234  Libya Positive decrease1,484  Sudan Negative increase1,584  Colombia Negative increase2,276
16  Pakistan Positive decrease736[199]  Pakistan Positive decrease206  Cameroon Negative increase1,447  Niger Negative increase1,454  South Sudan Positive decrease1,731
17  Libya Positive decrease727  Thailand Negative increase163  Philippines Negative increase1,316  Colombia Negative increase1,399  Sudan Positive decrease1,327
18  Colombia Negative increase709  Nigeria Positive decrease152  Colombia Negative increase765  Mozambique Positive decrease1,194  Cameroon Negative increase943
19  Sudan Positive decrease600  Ukraine Positive decrease119  India Negative increase783  Cameroon Negative increase790  Mozambique Positive decrease916
20  Turkey Positive decrease530  Palestine Positive decrease100  Myanmar Negative increase650  Palestine Negative increase484  Pakistan Negative increase900

*Mainly homicides rather than battle-related casualties

Conflict Deaths 17 Deadliest Countries 2015-2020
Conflict Deaths 17 Deadliest Countries 2015–2020

See also

Notes

  1. ^ ACLED data covers Ethiopia, Eritrea, and Gedaref, Sudan
    • Lower estimate uses ACLED for Tigray Region region deaths; high estimate uses the 100,000 figure instead
  2. ^ Combined estimated death tolls of each conflict since 2003
  3. ^ 358,000–400,000 organized crime homicide victims[43]
  4. ^ "The death toll remains disputed with figures ranging from 200,000 to 2 million."[citation needed]
  5. ^ See Casualties in 2022
  6. ^ See Casualties in 2023
  7. ^ See Insurgency in Paraguay#Casualties
  8. ^ outside the Sinai Peninsula
  9. ^ Data for African countries are based on ACLED, excluding riots/protests-related fatalities[27][196]
  10. ^ a b c Data for African countries are based on ACLED, excluding riots/protests-related fatalities[27]

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  198. ^ SATP [1] Terrorism record - 937 killed in 2018. In fighting with Pakistan 51 Indians were killed, 26 Indian civilians [2] and 25 Indian soldiers.[3] In total 988 were killed in India due to fighting/war and violence/terrorism.
  199. ^ SATP [4] Terrorism record - 697 killed in 2018. In fighting with India 39 Pakistanis were killed, 30 Pakistani Civilians [5] and 9 Pakistani Soldiers were killed.[6][7][8][9][10] In total 736 were killed in Pakistan due to fighting/war and violence/terrorism.

External links