List of ongoing armed conflicts

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Map of ongoing armed conflicts (number of combat-related deaths in current or past year):
  Major wars (10,000 or more)
  Wars (1,000–9,999)
  Minor conflicts (100–999)
  Skirmishes and clashes (10–99)

The following is a list of ongoing armed conflicts that are taking place around the world.

List parameters[edit]

This list of ongoing armed conflicts identifies present-day conflicts and the death toll associated with each conflict. The guidelines of inclusion are the following:

  • Armed conflicts consist in the use of armed force between two or more organized armed groups, governmental or non-governmental.[1] Interstate, intrastate and non-state armed conflicts are listed.
  • Fatality figures include battle-related deaths (military and civilian) as well as civilians intentionally targeted by the parties to an armed conflict. Only direct deaths resulting from violence are included for the current and past year; excess deaths indirectly resulting from famine, disease, or disruption of services are included along with violent deaths in the cumulative fatalities count when available.
  • Listed conflicts have at least 100 cumulative deaths in total and at least 1 death in current or in the past calendar year.
  • Fatality totals may be inaccurate or unavailable due to a lack of information. A figure with a plus symbol, indicates that at least that many people have died (e.g. 455+ indicates that at least 455 people have died).
  • Location refers to the states where the main violence takes place, not to the warring parties. Italics indicate disputed territories and unrecognized states.
  • A territorial dispute or a protest movement which has not experienced deliberate and systematic deaths due to state or paramilitary violence is not considered to be an armed conflict.

Major wars (10,000 or more combat-related deaths in current or past year)[edit]

The 5 conflicts in the following list have caused at least 10,000 direct, violent deaths per year in battles between identified groups, in a current or past calendar year.[2]

Start of
conflict
Conflict Continent Location Cumulative fatalities 2021 fatalities 2022 fatalities
1948 Internal conflict in Myanmar Asia  Myanmar 150,000–210,000[3][4] 1,766[5]–11,114[6] 12,940[7]
2006 Mexican drug war North America  Mexico
 United States
62,000[8][a] 8,297[10]–18,811[11] 4,569[6][12]
2014 Russo-Ukrainian War Europe  Ukraine
 Russia
 Donetsk People's Republic
 Luhansk People's Republic
38,000–100,000+[13] 149[6]–208[14] 36,000–91,000+[15][16][17][18][failed verification]
2014 Yemeni Civil War Asia  Yemen
 Saudi Arabia
377,000[19] 23,295[20]–31,048[6] 5,209[6]
2020 Tigray War Africa  Ethiopia
 Eritrea
 Sudan
300,000–500,000[21][22][23] 13,463[24]–19,200[23][25] 1,170[6]

Wars (1,000–9,999 combat-related deaths in current or past year)[edit]

The 18 conflicts in the following list have caused at least 1,000 and fewer than 10,000 direct, violent deaths in a current or past calendar year.[2] Conflicts causing at least 1,000 deaths in one calendar year are considered wars by the Uppsala Conflict Data Program.[26]

Start of
conflict
Conflict Continent Location Cumulative fatalities 2021 fatalities 2022 fatalities
1964 Colombian conflict South America  Colombia
 Venezuela
221,000+[27][28] 1,399[6] 1,215[6]
1973 Oromo conflict Africa  Ethiopia 3,000–8,900[29] 2,080[30][31][32][33][34][35][36] 2,000[7][37]
1978 Afghanistan conflict Asia  Afghanistan 1,450,000–2,084,468[38][39][40][41] 36,375[42]–42,217[6] 2,522[6][43][44]
1991 Somali Civil War Africa  Somalia
 Kenya
506,000+[45] 3,532[46][6][47] 2,705[6]
1996 Allied Democratic Forces insurgency Africa  DR Congo
 Uganda
5,898+[n 1] 2,448[52][53][54][55] 1,998[6]
1998 Communal conflicts in Nigeria Africa  Nigeria 17,156+[n 2] 1,220[59] 1,440[6]
1999 Ituri conflict Africa  DR Congo 64,000+[60] 1,660[6] 1,010[6]
2002 Insurgency in the Maghreb Africa  Algeria
 Burkina Faso
 Chad
 Libya
 Mali
 Niger
 Tunisia
 Togo
 Benin
 Ivory Coast
 Mauritania
 Ghana
29,000+ 5,720[61][62][6][63][64][65][66] 3,921[6][67][68]
2003 Iraq conflict Asia  Iraq 328,000–1,215,000+[69][70][nb 1] 987[71]2,605[6] 2,425[6]
2003 War in Darfur Africa Sudan Sudan 301,000+ 1,364[6][72] 964[6]
2004 Kivu conflict Africa  DR Congo
 Rwanda
 Burundi
23,000+[73] 2,173[53][52][6][74][75][76][77] 1,164[6]
2009 Boko Haram insurgency Africa  Nigeria
 Cameroon
 Niger
 Chad
358,000[78] 8,000[79][80][81][82][6] 3,585[6]
2011 Syrian civil war Asia  Syria 500,000–606,000+[83] 1,942[84]5,862[85][59] 3,158[6][86]
2011 Ethnic violence in South Sudan Africa  South Sudan 386,000–400,000+[87][88] 891[89]–2,154[6] 1,126[6]
2011 Nigerian bandit conflict Africa Nigeria Nigeria 12,000+[90] 2,600[91] 1,440[92]
2012 Mali War Africa  Mali 15,000+[93][94] 1,279[95]-1,911[96][97][6] 2,908[6][98][99]
2012 Central African Republic Civil War Africa  Central African Republic 9,000+[48] 1,087[100]-1,704[6][101] 611[6]
2017 Insurgency in Cabo Delgado Africa  Mozambique
 Tanzania
5,000+[n 3] 1,194[6] 528[6]

Minor conflicts (100–999 combat-related deaths in current or past year)[edit]

The 20 conflicts in the following list have caused at least 100, and fewer than 1,000, direct, violent deaths in a current or past calendar year.

Start of
conflict
Conflict Continent Location Cumulative fatalities 2021 fatalities 2022 fatalities
1947 Indo-Pakistani Wars Asia  India
 Pakistan
200,000–2,000,000[116][b][117] 575[6] 190[118][119]
1948 Israeli–Palestinian conflict Asia  Israel
 Palestine
27,000[120] 484[121][122][123][124][125][126][127] 147[6][128]
1948 Insurgency in Balochistan Asia  Pakistan
 Iran
20,289–20,589+[n 4] 620[134] 499[6]
1954 Insurgency in Northeast India Asia  India 40,000[135] 41–150[136][137] 200[6]
1962 Papua conflict Asia  Indonesia 100,000–500,000[138] 123[6] 76[6]
1967 Naxalite–Maoist insurgency Asia  India 12,877–14,369+[139][140] 163–562[141][137] 250[6]
1968 Moro conflict Asia  Philippines 120,000–150,000[142] 170[59] 220[6]
1969 Communist rebellion in the Philippines Asia  Philippines 45,000–63,973[143] 450[6] 137[6]
1984 Kurdish–Turkish conflict Asia  Turkey
 Iraq
 Syria
55,000–60,000[144][145] 297[59][146][147] 135[6]
2003 Conflict in the Niger Delta Africa  Nigeria
 Cameroon
2,500[148][149][150][151][152] 600+[153][154][155] 50[156][157]
2004 Insurgency in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Asia  Pakistan 45,369+[n 5] 114–460[59][164] 515[6][165]
2008 Sudanese nomadic conflicts Africa  Sudan
 South Sudan
9,000+[166] 705[166] 311[167][168][169]
2011 Libyan crisis Africa  Libya 30,000–43,000[n 6] 115[59] 93[6][173]
2011 Sudanese conflict in South Kordofan and Blue Nile Africa Sudan Sudan 7,166[73] 220[6] 50[6]
2011 Sinai insurgency Asia  Egypt 5,853–7,353+[174] 257[59][175] 202[6]
2016 Insurgency in Northern Chad Africa  Chad 644[176] 432[177][178] 100+[179]
2016 Philippine drug war Asia Philippines Philippines 31,945[180] 525[6] 175[6]
2017 Anglophone Crisis Africa  Cameroon 6,000+[181] 790[n 7] 553[n 8]
2018 Bangladesh drug war Asia  Bangladesh 583+[6] 347[6] 175[6]
2019 Benishangul-Gumuz conflict Africa  Ethiopia 1,322 970[182][183] 140[6]

Skirmishes and clashes (fewer than 100 combat-related deaths in current or past year)[edit]

The 20 conflicts in the following list have caused fewer than 100 direct, violent deaths in a current or past calendar year.

Start of
conflict
Conflict Continent Location Cumulative fatalities 2021 fatalities 2022 fatalities
1918 Kurdish separatism in Iran Asia  Iran 15,000–58,000+[184] 90[59] 70[6]
1922 Arab separatism in Khuzestan Asia  Iran 501+ 14[185] 3–51[6]
1943 Jamaican political conflict North America  Jamaica 864+[186] 0 6[187][188]
1945 Korean conflict Asia  North Korea
 South Korea
3,000,000 14[59] 21[6]
1963 Katanga insurgency Africa  DR Congo 3,400+[189][73] 26[59][190] 4[191]
1973 Western Sahara conflict Africa  Morocco
Saharawi Republic
14,000–21,000+ 45[192] 38[6]
1975 Cabinda War Africa  Angola 30,000[193] 48[192] 49[6]
1980 Internal conflict in Peru South America  Peru 70,000[194] 24[59][195] 21[196]
1982 Casamance conflict Africa  Senegal 5,000+[197] 24[192] 17[6]
1987 Lord's Resistance Army insurgency Africa  DR Congo
 Uganda
100,000+[198] 2[59] 1[119]
1988 Nagorno-Karabakh conflict Asia  Artsakh
 Azerbaijan
 Armenia
39,000–49,000+[n 9] 57[6] 16[6][204]
1989 Insurgency in Laos Asia  Laos 500+[205][206][207] 1[208][209] 0
1993 Maoist insurgency in Bangladesh Asia  Bangladesh 400+[210] 1[211] 1[212]
1994 FRUD insurgency Africa  Djibouti 100+[213] 3[214] 0
1998 Dissident Irish republican campaign Europe  United Kingdom 160+[215] 1[216] 0
1999 Internal conflict in Bangladesh Asia  Bangladesh 1,500+[217][218][219] 35[217] 22[220]
2004 South Thailand insurgency Asia  Thailand 7,294[221] 41–93[59][222][223] 22[6]
2005 Insurgency in Paraguay South America  Paraguay 123+[n 10][73] 12[224]–41[225][226] 0–9[6]
2006 Militias-Comando Vermelho conflict South America  Brazil 700+[227][228] 33[229][230][231][232] 20[n 11]
2013 Insurgency in Egypt[c] Africa  Egypt 5,800+[48][243] 7[6] 15[244]

Deaths by country[edit]

This section details armed-conflict–related fatalities by country.

Conflict Deaths 17 Deadliest Countries 2015-2020
Conflict Deaths 17 Deadliest Countries 2015–2020
Rank 2016[d] 2017[e] 2018[f] 2019[g] 2020[g] 2021[g]
Country Deaths Country Deaths Country Deaths Country Deaths Country Deaths Country Deaths
1  Syria Positive decrease49,742  Syria Positive decrease39,000  Afghanistan Negative increase35,941  Afghanistan Negative increase41,735  Mexico Positive decrease34,512* Afghanistan/ Afghanistan Negative increase42,223
2  Mexico Negative increase23,953*[247]  Mexico Negative increase31,174*  Mexico Negative increase33,341*[248]  Mexico Negative increase35,588*  Afghanistan Positive decrease20,674  Yemen Negative increase31,048
3  Iraq Positive decrease23,898  Afghanistan Positive decrease23,065  Yemen Negative increase22,201  Yemen Positive decrease16,050  Yemen Negative increase19,561  Ethiopia Negative increase22,800
4  Afghanistan Positive decrease23,539  Iraq Positive decrease13,187  Syria Positive decrease20,130  Syria Positive decrease11,244  Syria Positive decrease7,620  Mexico Positive decrease18,811
5  Somalia Negative increase5,575  Myanmar Negative increase6,700+  Iraq Positive decrease4,920  Saudi Arabia Negative increase4,832  Nigeria Negative increase7,172  Myanmar Negative increase11,114
6  Nigeria Positive decrease4,684  Somalia Positive decrease4,969  Nigeria Negative increase4,850  Somalia Positive decrease2,604  DR Congo Negative increase6,162  Nigeria Negative increase9,687
7  Sudan Negative increase3,891  South Sudan Positive decrease3,528  Somalia Positive decrease3,862  Libya Negative increase2,200+  Azerbaijan/ Artsakh Negative increase6,110  DR Congo Negative increase6,283
8  South Sudan Negative increase3,544  Nigeria Positive decrease3,432  Saudi Arabia Negative increase3,509  Iraq Positive decrease1,850+  Somalia Negative increase2,950  Syria Positive decrease5,828
9  Libya Negative increase2,865  Sudan Positive decrease2,450  DR Congo Positive decrease1,757  Mali Positive decrease734+  Mali Negative increase2,734  Somalia Negative increase 3,532
10  Turkey Negative increase2,013  DR Congo Negative increase1,857  Mali Negative increase1,285  Egypt Positive decrease529+  Iraq Negative increase2,436  Iraq Negative increase2,605
11  Pakistan Positive decrease1,803[249][250]  Central African Republic Negative increase1,757  South Sudan Positive decrease1,166  South Sudan Positive decrease519  Burkina Faso Negative increase2,268  Burkina Faso Negative increase2,358
12  Egypt Positive decrease1,707  Libya Positive decrease1,564  India Negative increase988[251]  India Positive decrease~403  South Sudan Negative increase2,245  South Sudan Positive decrease1,986
13  DR Congo Positive decrease1,565  Egypt Positive decrease1,506  Cameroon Negative increase945  DR Congo Positive decrease302+  Ethiopia Negative increase1,813  Mali Positive decrease1,911
14  Yemen Positive decrease1,375  Ethiopia Negative increase1,445  Ethiopia Positive decrease886  Colombia Positive decrease238  Mozambique Negative increase1,696  Central African Republic Negative increase1,704
15  Ethiopia Negative increase1,114  Philippines Negative increase1,429  Central African Republic Positive decrease842  Cameroon Positive decrease234  Libya Positive decrease1,484  Sudan Negative increase1,584
16  India Negative increase905[252]  Yemen Positive decrease1,319  Pakistan Positive decrease736[253]  Pakistan Positive decrease206  Cameroon Negative increase1,447  Niger Negative increase1,454
17  Ukraine Positive decrease902  Pakistan Positive decrease1,269[249][250]  Libya Positive decrease727  Thailand Negative increase163  Philippines Negative increase1,316  Colombia Negative increase1,399
18  Central African Republic Negative increase623  Mali Negative increase926  Colombia Negative increase709  Nigeria Positive decrease152  Colombia Negative increase765  Mozambique Positive decrease1,194
19  Burundi Positive decrease461  Turkey Positive decrease802  Sudan Positive decrease600  Ukraine Positive decrease119  India Negative increase783  Cameroon Negative increase790
20  Algeria Positive decrease128  India Negative increase700  Turkey Positive decrease530  Palestine Positive decrease100  Myanmar Negative increase650  Palestine Negative increase484

*Mainly homicides rather than battle-related casualties

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ 358,000–400,000 organized crime homicide victims[9]
  2. ^ "The death toll remains disputed with figures ranging from 200,000 to 2 million."[116]
  3. ^ outside the Sinai Peninsula
  4. ^ Data for African countries are based on ACLED, excluding riots/protests-related fatalities[48][245]
  5. ^ Data for African countries are based on ACLED, excluding riots/protests-related fatalities[48][51]
  6. ^ Data for African countries are based on ACLED, excluding riots/protests-related fatalities[48][246]
  7. ^ a b c Data for African countries are based on ACLED, excluding riots/protests-related fatalities[48]
  1. ^ Combined estimated death tolls of each conflict since 2003

References[edit]

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External links[edit]