List of ongoing armed conflicts

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Locations of ongoing conflicts worldwide; updated September 2016.

  Major wars, 10,000+ deaths in current or past year
  Wars, 1,000–9,999 deaths in current or past year
  Minor conflicts, 100–999 deaths in current or past year
  Skirmishes and clashes, fewer than 100 deaths.

The following is a list of ongoing armed conflicts that are taking place around the world and continue to result in violence.

List guidelines[edit]

This list of ongoing armed conflicts is for the sole purpose of identifying present-day conflicts and the death toll associated with each conflict. The guidelines of inclusion are:

  • Armed conflicts consist in the use of armed force between two or more organized armed groups, governmental or non-governmental alike.[1] Interstate, intrastate and non-state armed conflicts are listed. For ongoing civil unrest and violence against protesters not escalating into armed conflict, see List of ongoing protests.
  • Fatality figures include battle-related deaths (military and civilian) as well as civilians intentionally targeted by the parties to an armed conflict. Only direct deaths resulting from violence are included for the current and past year; excess deaths indirectly resulting from famine, disease and disruption of services are included along with violent deaths only in the cumulative fatalities count, when available.
  • Listed conflicts are at least 100 cumulative deaths in total and at least 1 death in current or past calendar year.
  • Fatality totals may be underestimated or unavailable due to a lack of information. A figure with a plus sign indicates that at least that many people have died (e.g. 455+ indicates that at least 455 people have died) – the actual toll could be higher.
  • Location refers to the state(s) where the main violence takes place, not to the warring parties. Italics indicate disputed territories and unrecognized states.
  • Only states with ongoing military activity are listed, past states and states where conflicts are no longer active are omitted.
  • Military conflicts that no longer produce deaths are not listed here, but can be found in the historical list of wars and the list of wars extended by diplomatic irregularity.

10,000+ deaths in current or past year[edit]

Conflicts in the following list have caused at least 10,000 direct violent deaths in current or past calendar year.

Start of conflict Conflict Continent Location Cumulative fatalities Fatalities in 2015 Fatalities in 2016
1978 War in Afghanistan Asia  Afghanistan 1,240,000–2,000,000[2] 15,000[3]-36,345[n 1] 10,307[16][17]
2003 Iraq War Asia  Iraq 251,000–1,000,000[18][19] 21,433[20][21] 13,433[20][21]
2009 Boko Haram insurgency Africa  Nigeria
 Cameroon
 Niger
 Chad
21,400+[n 2] 11,778[22][26][27] 1,675[22][28][29]
2011 Syrian civil war Asia  Syria 250,000–470,000[30][31][32] 55,219[33] 34,275[n 3]

1,000–9,999 deaths in current or past year[edit]

Conflicts in the following list have caused at least 1,000 and fewer than 10,000 direct violent deaths in current or past calendar year.
Conflicts causing at least 1,000 deaths in one calendar year are considered wars by the Uppsala Conflict Data Program.[42]

Start of conflict Conflict Continent Location Cumulative fatalities Fatalities in 2015 Fatalities in 2016
1984 Kurdish–Turkish conflict Asia  Turkey
 Syria
 Iraq
45,000+[n 4] 1,900–3,423[n 5] 1,306–2,507[n 6]
1991 Somali Civil War Africa  Somalia
 Kenya
500,000[51] 4,365[23] 2,020[28]
2004 War in North-West Pakistan Asia  Pakistan 59,725[52] 2,150[52] 566[52]
2006 Mexican Drug War North America  Mexico 165,000+[53][54] 8,122[55] 6,493[56][57][58]
2011 Libyan Crisis Africa  Libya 13,549[59][60] 2,706[23] 870[28]-952[61]
2011 Yemeni Crisis Asia  Yemen
 Saudi Arabia
7,400+[62][63]–11,000[64] ~6,425[n 7] 862[75][76]
2011 Sinai insurgency Africa  Egypt 3,541[23] 2,560[23] 626[28]
2011 South Kordofan conflict Africa  Sudan 5,350+[77] 1,242[23] 1,323[28]
2011 Ethnic violence in South Sudan Africa  South Sudan
 Ethiopia
50,000+[n 8] 3,152[23] 1,403[28][81][82]
2014 War in Donbass Europe  Ukraine 9,640[83] 4,327[84][85] 542[83]

100–999 deaths in current or past year[edit]

Conflicts in the following list have caused at least 100 and fewer than 1,000 direct violent deaths in current or past calendar year.

Start of conflict Conflict Continent Location Cumulative fatalities Fatalities in 2015 Fatalities in 2016
1947 Kashmir conflict Asia  India
 Pakistan
43,910[86]–47,000[87] 184[88][89] 208[89][90]
1948 Balochistan conflict Asia  Pakistan
 Iran
4,100+[91][92] 635[93] 433[94]
1948 Internal conflict in Myanmar Asia  Myanmar 130,000[95]–210,000[96] 881[97] 155[97]
1960 South Thailand insurgency Asia  Thailand 6,543+[98] 246[99] 91[97]
1963 Insurgency in Northeast India Asia  India 25,000+[95] 273[100] 125[101]
1964 Israeli–Palestinian conflict Asia  Israel
 Palestine
24,000[102] 190[103][104][105] 104[106][107]
1964 Colombian conflict South America  Colombia 220,000[108] 410[109] 156[110]
1967 Naxalite–Maoist insurgency Asia  India 13,832+[111][112] 251[113] 306[114]
1969 CPP-NPA-NDF rebellion Asia  Philippines 43,388+[115] 190[116] 66
1969 Moro conflict Asia  Philippines 120,000[117] 311[116] 425+[118]
1988 Nagorno-Karabakh conflict Asia  Armenia
 Azerbaijan
27,287+[n 9] 81[116] 145[n 10]
1989 Sectarianism in Pakistan Asia  Pakistan 5,294[136] 327[136] 67[136]
1989 Xinjiang conflict Asia  China 860+[102] 197[n 11] 4[149][150]
1989 Internal conflict in Bangladesh Asia  Bangladesh 1,395[151][152] 73[151][152] 115[151][152]
1992 Oromo conflict Africa  Ethiopia 1,600–8,900[153] 103[23] 403[28][154]
1995 Ogaden insurgency Africa  Ethiopia 1,300–11,000[153] 299-499+[23][n 12] 17[28]
1996 Allied Democratic Forces insurgency Africa Democratic Republic of the Congo DRC 3,144[23] 391[23][156][157] 19[158][159]
1998 Communal conflicts in Nigeria Africa  Nigeria 16,025[n 13] 846[23] 757[23]
2002 Insurgency in the Maghreb Africa  Algeria
 Tunisia
2,803[23] 271[n 14] 26[28]
2003 War in Darfur Africa  Sudan 178,363+[167] 994[23] 883[28]
2004 Kivu conflict Africa  DRC
 Burundi
1,600,000[168] 790[23] 42[28]
2009 Sudanese nomadic conflicts Africa  Sudan 5,000+[citation needed] 926[23] 128[28][169]
2009 Insurgency in the North Caucasus Europe  Russia 3,366[170] 209[171] 88[172][173][174]
2012 Central African Republic conflict Africa  CAR 6,295[23][23] 475[23] 22[28]
2012 Northern Mali conflict Africa  Mali 829–2,416+[n 15] 414[n 16] 58[28]
2013 Insurgency in Egypt Africa  Egypt 582[23] 284[23] 70[28]
2015 Burundian unrest Africa  Burundi 634 551[n 17] 83[28]
2015 Turkey–ISIL conflict Asia  Turkey 255 140[116] 115[207][208][209][210]

Fewer than 100 deaths in current or past year[edit]

Conflicts in the following list have caused at least 1 and fewer than 100 direct violent deaths in current or past calendar year.

Start of conflict Conflict Continent Location Cumulative fatalities Fatalities in 2015 Fatalities in 2016
1922 Arab separatism in Khuzestan Asia  Iran 199–338[citation needed] 6+[211][212][213] 3[214]
1946 Kurdish separatism in Iran Asia  Iran 13,100+–35,000[215][216][217] 24–58+[n 18] 51+[n 19]
1963 West Papua conflict Asia  Indonesia 150,000-400,000[n 20] 9[240] 4[241]
1975 Cabinda War Africa  Angola 30,000[242] 1[243] 80[n 21]
1980 Internal conflict in Peru South America  Peru 70,000[249] 7[250][251] 10[252]
1987 LRA insurgency Africa  DRC
 CAR
 South Sudan
100,000+[253] 55[23][254] 12[28]
1995 Second Afar insurgency Africa  Eritrea
 Ethiopia
2,000[citation needed] 91[23] 6[255]
1999 Ituri conflict Africa  DRC 60,000+[256] 89[n 22] 21[28]
2004 Conflict in the Niger Delta Africa  Nigeria 2,300+[269][270] 3[23] 15[271]
2011 Syrian Civil War spillover in Lebanon Asia  Lebanon 820[citation needed] 91+[n 23] 22[283][284][285][286]
2013 RENAMO insurgency Africa  Mozambique 235[23][287] 57[n 24] 58[28][291]
2015 ISIL insurgency in Tunisia Africa  Tunisia 121–125[citation needed] 52[citation needed] 69–73[n 25]

Deaths by country[edit]

This section details armed conflict-related fatalities by country in 2013, 2014 and 2015. Countries with more than 1,000 violent deaths in 2014 and 2015 are included and compared with the deadliest countries in 2013.

Conflict-related fatalities in the world's 15 deadliest countries in 2013, 2014 and 2015.
2013[23][296] 2014[23][296] 2015[n 26]
Rank Country Deaths Country Deaths Country Deaths
1  Syria 73,447  Syria Negative increase76,021  Syria 55,219
2  Mexico 11,324[297][298]  South Sudan Negative increase50,000[299]  Afghanistan Negative increase36,345
3  Afghanistan 10,172  Iraq Negative increase24,000[18][300]  Iraq Negative increase24,104
4  Iraq 9,742  Afghanistan Negative increase14,638  Nigeria 10,677
5  Sudan 6,816  Nigeria Negative increase11,360  Mexico Negative increase8,122
6  Pakistan 5,739  Mexico 7,504[301]  Yemen Negative increase6,425
7  Nigeria 4,727  Pakistan 5,496  Pakistan 4,612[302]
8  South Sudan 4,168  Ukraine Negative increase4,771  Ukraine 4,344
9  Somalia 3,153  Somalia Negative increase4,447  Somalia 4,087
10  Central African Republic 2,364  Sudan 3,892  South Sudan 3,258
11  DR Congo 1,976  Central African Republic Negative increase3,347  Sudan 3,216
12  India 884  Libya Negative increase2,825  Egypt Negative increase2,836
13  Mali 870  Israel/ Palestine Negative increase2,365  Libya 2,706
14  Egypt 730  Yemen Negative increase1,500  DR Congo Negative increase1,699
15  Kenya 705  Cameroon Negative increase1,366  Cameroon Negative increase1,429
16  Libya 643  DR Congo 1,235  Niger Negative increase986
17  Yemen 600  Egypt Negative increase1,176  Myanmar Negative increase881

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes

  1. ^ See [4][5][6][7][8][9][10][11][12][13][14][15]
  2. ^ See [22][23][24][25]
  3. ^ See [34][35][36][37][38][39][40][41]
  4. ^ See [43][44][45][46]
  5. ^ 3,100 PKK and 200 Turkish security forces killed (Turkish claim)[47]
    220 PKK and 1,557 Turkish security forces killed (PKK claim)[48]
    665 people, including 123 civilians, killed in Turkey (ICG tally, July–December 2015)[49]
  6. ^ 1,900 PKK and 400 Turkish security forces killed (Turkish claim)[50]
    1,306 people, including 207 civilians, killed in Turkey (ICG tally, January–August 2016)[49]
  7. ^ [65][66][67][68][69][70][71][72][73][74]
  8. ^ See [23][78][79][80]
  9. ^ See [119][120][121][122][123]
  10. ^ See [124][125][126][127][128][129][130][131][132][133][134][135]
  11. ^ See [137][138][139][140][141][142][143][144][145][146][147][148]
  12. ^ UNPO. "In the few days between 26 May 2015 and today, hundreds of people were killed and whole villages were burned near the Shilaabo district in Ogaden, alongside the border with Somalia. The heinous acts were perpetrated by the Liyu police,"[155]
  13. ^ See [22][23][160][161]
  14. ^ See[162][163][164][165][166]
  15. ^ See [175][176][177][178][179][180][181][177][182][183][184][185][186][187][188]
  16. ^ See [23][189][190][191][192][193][194][195][196][197]
  17. ^ See [23][198][199][199][200][201][202][203][204][205][206]
  18. ^ See [218][219][220][221][222][223][224][225]
  19. ^ See [226][227][228][229][230][231]
  20. ^ See [232][233][234][235]
  21. ^ See [28][244][245][246][247][248]
  22. ^ See [23][257][258][259][260][261][262][263][264][265][266][267][268]
  23. ^ See [272][273][274][275][276][277][278][279][280][281][282]
  24. ^ See [23][288][289][290]
  25. ^ See [292][293][294][295]
  26. ^ Data for African countries are based on ACLED, excluding riots/protests-related fatalities[23][28]

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External links[edit]