List of operas by Joseph Haydn

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Joseph Haydn is not primarily remembered as a composer of opera, yet the genre occupied a great deal of his time. During the 1770s and 1780s, Haydn ran an opera troupe on behalf of his employer, Prince Nikolaus Esterházy, which put on up to 150 performances per year. A number of the operas were Haydn's own work. Haydn's operas are only occasionally performed today.

The list is arranged chronologically and divided by career stage.

Composed as a freelance musician[edit]

  • 1752: Der krumme Teufel, Hob. 29/1a, Singspiel (libretto by Joseph von Kurz), composed during Haydn's time as a freelance musician. Now lost.

Composed during Haydn's service for the Eszterházy family[edit]

Date Title Hob. Genre Sub­divisions Libretto
revised 1773/1774
Acide e Galatea 28.0128/1 festa teatrale 1 act MigliavaccaGiovanni Ambrogio Migliavacca
1766 canterinaLa canterina (The Songstress) 28.0228/2 intermezzo in musica 2 acts
1763? marchesaLa marchesa nespola 30.130/1 comedia
1768 Lo speziale (The Apothecary) 28.0328/3 dramma giocoso 3 acts GoldoniCarlo Goldoni, revised by Carl Friberth?
1769 pescatriciLe pescatrici (The Fishwives) 28.0428/4 dramma giocoso 3 acts GoldoniCarlo Goldoni, revised by Carl Friberth?
1773 infedeltaL'infedeltà delusa (Deceit Outwitted) 28.0528/5 burletta per musica 2 acts ColtelliniMarco Coltellini, revised by Carl Friberth?
1773 Philemon und Baucis 29.229b/2 Singspiel 1 act PfeffeGottlieb Konrad Pfeffel
1775 incontroL'incontro improvviso (The Unexpected Encounter) 28.0628/6 dramma giocoso 3 acts FriberthCarl Friberth, after L H Dancourt's La rencontre imprévue
1777 mondoIl mondo della luna (The World on the Moon) 28.0728/7 dramma giocoso 3 acts GoldoniCarlo Goldoni
1779 veraLa vera costanza (True Constancy), revised 1785 28.0828/8 dramma giocoso 3 acts PuttiniFrancesco Puttini
1779 isolaL'isola disabitata (The Deserted Island) 28.0928/9 azione teatrale 2 parts Metastasio
1780 fedeltaLa fedeltà premiata (Fidelity Rewarded) 28.1028/10 dramma giocoso 3 acts Lorenziafter Giambattista's Lorenzi's L'infedeltà fedele
1782 Orlando paladino (The Paladin Orlando) 28.1128/11 dramma eroicomico 3 acts PortaNunziato Porta, based on Carlo Francesco Badini's Le pazzie d'Orlando, after Ludovico Ariosto's Orlando furioso
1783 Armida 28.1228/12 dramma eroico 3 acts Tassoafter Torquato Tasso's Gerusalemme liberata

Composed for the first London journey[edit]