List of organisations designated as terrorist organisations by the European Union

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The European Union has two lists of designated terrorist organisations that provide for different sanctions for the two groups.[1] The first list is copied from the United Nations, and the second is an autonomous list.[2]

Autonomous list[edit]

All other designated organizations.

  • the freezing of all funds, other financial assets and economic resources.
  • a ban on directly or indirectly making funds, other financial assets and economic resources available.

It is important to note that sanctions are only applicable to EU-external groups regardless of designation. For example, 47 groups are listed as terrorist organizations in the EU but sanctions are only applied to 27 of these. Member States do have an obligation to assist each other in preventing and combating terrorist acts but this is the only action that follows from the designation of an EU-internal organization.

  • European Union list of terrorist groups and individuals, 25 June 2012.[3]

Listing process[edit]

New organizations are added to the autonomous list following this process:[2]

  1. "Designation": Member states and third party states tips about an organization. This state must have solid evidence and must the tip must be sent by the national authority.
  2. Scrutinity: The Presidency, or a delegation, gathers basic information, and might require more information from the tipping state.
  3. Consultations: Information is shared with other member states for discussion. Everything is still confidential. 15 days after, delegates of the states meet as the CP 931 Working Party, Europol is sometimes invited too.
  4. Recommendation: The CP 931 Working Party prepares the listing decision.
  5. Decision by EU Council: The council adopts the list. The decision must be unanimous, which means that every state has a veto right.
  6. Official Publishing: In the EU Official Journal
  7. Notification and Statement of Reason: The council secretariat notifies each designated organization via mail, together with instructions on how to get the decision to be reconsidered.

Delisting process[edit]

The EU has similar process to review the list, and to remove organizations for the list.[2]

List of designated terrorist groups[edit]

The list includes references to organisations associated with Al-Qaeda by the United Nations.

Symbol confirmed.svg = officially designated as terrorist

Organization Reference
Abu Nidal Organization [4]
al-Aqsa Foundation [5]
al-Aqsa Martyrs' Brigades [5]
al-Jama'a al-Islamiyya [5]
al-Qaeda [6]
Babbar Khalsa International [5]
Balochistan Liberation Army [7]
Communist Party of the Philippines/
New People's Army
[5]
East Turkestan Islamic Party [8]
Logo of Euskadi Ta Askatasuna.png ETA [5]
Great Eastern Islamic Raiders' Front [5]
Hamas [9]
Hamas – Al-Qassam Brigades [5]
Hezbollah (Military Wing) [10]
Hizbul Mujahideen [5]
Hofstad Network [5]
Holy Land Foundation
for Relief and Development
[5]
International Sikh Youth Federation [5]
Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant [11]
Khalistan Zindabad Force [5]
Kurdistan Freedom Hawks [5]
Kurdistan Workers' Party [5]
Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam [5]
National Liberation Army [5]
Palestinian Islamic Jihad [5]
Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine [5]
Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine – General Command [5]
Revolutionary People's Liberation Party–Front [5]
Shining Path[12] [5]
Stichting Al Aqsa [5]
Takfir wal-Hijra [5]
Workers' Party of Korea [13]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Thorne, Kristina (June 2006). "Terrorist designation in the European Union (Background paper)" (PDF). Centre for Humanitarian Dialogue. Retrieved 1 December 2016.
  2. ^ a b c Wählisch, Martin (2010). "EU Terrorist Listing: An Overview about Listing and Delisting Procedures (Briefing Paper, June/November 2010)" (PDF). Berghof Foundation. Retrieved 1 December 2016.
  3. ^ "EUR-Lex – 32012D0333". Eur-lex.europa.eu. Archived from the original on 13 February 2013. Retrieved 19 February 2014.
  4. ^ "Currently listed entities". Publicsafety.gc.ca. Retrieved 10 November 2014.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x "Eur-Lex - - En". Eur-lex.europa.eu. Archived from the original on 2012-07-22. Retrieved 2014-02-19.
  6. ^ "Communication from the Commission to the Council and the European Parliament". Commission of the European Communities. 20 October 2004. Archived from the original (DOC) on 14 June 2007. Retrieved 11 June 2007.
  7. ^ https://foreignpolicy.com/2016/03/31/balochistan-is-seething-and-that-cant-make-china-happy-about-investing/
  8. ^ "Commission Regulation (EC) No 1754/2002 of 1 October 2002 amending for the fourth time Council Regulation (EC) No 881/2002 imposing certain specific restrictive measures directed against certain persons and entities associated with Usama bin Laden, the Al-Qaida network and the Taliban, and repealing Council Regulation (EC) No 467/200". EUR-Lex. 2002-10-01. Retrieved 2017-02-19.
  9. ^ "EU court upholds Hamas terror listing". The Guardian. The Guardian. 26 July 2017. Retrieved 26 July 2017.
  10. ^ Jim Muir (2013-07-22). "BBC News - EU ministers agree to blacklist Hezbollah's armed wing". Bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 2014-02-19.
  11. ^ Wahlisch, Martin (2010). "EU Terrorist Listing - An Overview about Listing and Delisting Procedures" (PDF). Berghof Peace Support. Berghof Foundation. Retrieved 3 November 2014.
  12. ^ 'Shining Path' (Spanish: Sendero Luminoso) is the name given by Peruvian mass media and government sources to the Maoist Communist Party of Peru.
  13. ^ EU further expands sanctions against Democratic People’s Republic of Korea - Lexlogy