List of ovens

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A modern double oven

This is a list of ovens. An oven is a thermally insulated chamber used for the heating, baking or drying of a substance,[1] and most commonly used for cooking. Kilns and furnaces are special-purpose ovens, used in pottery and metalworking, respectively.


Baking ovens[edit]

Baking is a food cooking method that uses prolonged dry heat by convection, rather than by thermal radiation, normally in an oven, but also in hot ashes, or on hot stones.[2] Bread is a commonly baked food.

Baking bread in a commercial oven
Bread being baked in a tabun oven
Name Image Description
AGA cooker Aga gc3.jpg A heat storage stove and cooker, which works on the principle that a heavy frame made from cast iron components can absorb heat from a relatively low-intensity but continuously-burning source, and the accumulated heat can then be used when needed for cooking.
Bachelor griller Bachelor Griller.JPG
Beehive oven Cochran Coke Ovens - Image01 - 2009-03-19.JPG
Bottle oven Bottle oven, Minkstone Works, Longton - - 671863.jpg
Chorkor oven
Clome oven Clome oven.JPG
Communal oven Urval - Four banal -1.JPG
Convection microwave TW Panasonic NN-SV30 2012-01.jpg
Convection oven Impingementoven.JPG
Cooker Cooker.jpg May refer to several types of cooking appliances and devices used for cooking foods
Dutch oven Dutch Oven -McClures Magazine.jpg
Easy-Bake Oven Father and daughter w Easy Bake Oven.jpg
Egyptian egg oven Egyptian Egg-oven.jpg
Halogen oven HK Causeway Bay SOGO East Point Centre 德國寶光波爐 German Pool Halogen Cooking Pot Aug-2012.JPG
Haybox Kochkiste-1.jpg
Hot Box (appliance) Hot Box door open with flash.JPG
Kitchen stove Iron stove.jpg
Kitchener range
Kyoto box
Masonry oven Pizza-oven.jpg
Microwave oven
Reflector oven Reflector Oven 01.jpg
Rotimatic An automatic kitchen robot that bakes rotis and tortillas
Russian oven Belarus-SMFAL-Stove.jpg
Self-cleaning oven
Solar cooker Solar funnel cooker with hot dogs.jpg
Roaster Oven An electric table or cabinet top popular in the 1950s. Large enough to bake turkeys, they had removable inserts which held the food and a lid, often with a glass insert.
Tabun oven Village oven.JPG
Toaster and toaster oven Toaster.jpg
Trivection oven
Wood-fired oven Fernbrake.jpg

Coke ovens[edit]

A coke oven at a smokeless fuel plant in Wales, United Kingdom
Coal coking ovens at Cokedale, west of Trinidad, Colorado, supplied steel mills in Pueblo, Colorado
Name Image Description
Cherry Valley Coke Ovens Cherry Valley Coke Ovens 3.jpg These consisted of 200 coke ovens built by the Leetonia Iron and Coal Company around 1866, near Leetonia, Ohio, United States. The function of the "beehive" coke ovens was to purify coal and turn it into coke. The coke was burned in furnaces that produced iron and steel.
Dunlap coke ovens Dunlap-coke-ovens-tn2.jpg
Minersville Coke Ovens Minersville Coke Ovens.jpg
Redstone Coke Oven Historic District Old coke ovens, Redstone, CO.jpg
Sydney Tar Ponds SydneyCokeOvenGeneralViewCa1900.jpg

Earth ovens[edit]

An earth oven, or cooking pit, is one of the most simple and long-used cooking structures. At its simplest, an earth oven is a pit in the ground used to trap heat and bake, smoke, or steam food. Earth ovens have been used in many places and cultures in the past, and the presence of such cooking pits is a key sign of human settlement often sought by archaeologists. They remain a common tool for cooking large quantities of food where no equipment is available.

Name Image Description
Barbecue Barbecue pit.jpg Barbecue is both a cooking method and apparatus.
Hāngi Hangi prepare.jpg A traditional New Zealand Māori method of cooking food using heated rocks buried in a pit oven still used for special occasions.
Horno A Horno (an adobe oven) at Taos Pueblo in New Mexico in 2003.jpg
Kalua Roasted puaa.jpg
Pachamanca Pachamanca Peru.JPG
Tandoor Clay Pots.jpg

Industrial ovens[edit]

Industrial ovens are heated chambers used for a variety of industrial applications, including drying, curing, or baking components, parts or final products. Industrial ovens can be used for large or small volume applications, in batches or continuously with a conveyor line, and a variety of temperature ranges, sizes and configurations.

Name Image Description
Batch oven A type of furnace used for thermal processing. They are used in numerous production and laboratory applications.
Burn-in ovens
Clean process oven
Flame broiler
Industrial oven Industrial oven.jpg Pictured is an industrial convection oven used in the manufacture of aircraft components
Reach-in oven
Walk-in/Truck-in ovens
Spiral ovens Ovens with a helical conveyor


A kiln is a thermally insulated chamber, a type of oven, that produces temperatures sufficient to complete some process, such as hardening, drying, or chemical changes. Various industries and trades use kilns to harden objects made from clay into pottery, bricks etc.[3] Various industries use rotary kilns for pyroprocessing—to calcinate ores, produce cement, lime, and many other materials.

Name Image Description
Anagama kiln An ancient type of pottery kiln brought to Japan from China via Korea in the 5th century.
Birch Creek Charcoal Kilns Charcoal Kilns near Leadore.jpg
Brick clamp India - Sights & Culture - Rural Brick Making Kiln 02 (4040024973).jpg
Cement kiln KilnBZ.JPG
Lime kiln Lime plant, Wyoming.jpg
Rotary kiln RTC890 1725.jpg A pyroprocessing device used to raise materials to a high temperature (calcination) in a continuous process
Top-lit updraft gasifier
Tube furnace
Tybo Charcoal Kilns

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Oven. Retrieved on 2011-11-23.
  2. ^ Oxford English Dictionary
  3. ^ "Brick making kilns" (PDF). Retrieved 2012-05-20.