List of paintings by Hieronymus Bosch

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Bosch's signature from the triptych Adoration of the Magi. Only a few of the surviving paintings by the master are signed.

This article lists paintings by Hieronymus Bosch, as well as paintings attributed to him or his school. For Bosch's drawings, see Hieronymus Bosch drawings. Since the precise chronology of Bosch's works is currently impossible to establish, paintings within sections are sorted alphabetically. The recent very thorough investigation by The Bosch Research and Conservation Project of a multitude of Bosch's paintings included dendrochronological research and made an approximate dating of the paintings possible. The findings of this investigation were published in a book in 2016.[1] All dates given below are taken from this reference. The book describes the other findings of the investigation as well, such as painting technique, layer structure and pigment analyses. Illustrated pigment analyses of Bosch's paintings can also be found at ColourLex.[2]

Bosch's works are generally organized into three periods of his life dealing with the early works (c. 1470–1485), the middle period (c.1485–1500), and the late period (c. 1500 until his death). According to Stefan Fischer, thirteen of Bosch's surviving paintings were completed in the late period, with seven surviving paintings attributed to his middle period.[3] Bosch's early period is studied in terms of his workshop activity and possibly some of his drawings. There are no surviving painting attributed to before 1485.

Examples of Bosch's work can be found in Austria, Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, Netherlands, Portugal, Serbia, Spain, the UK, and the US.

Triptychs[edit]

Image Details
Adoration of the Magi
Adoration of the Magi
ca 1491 - 98
Oil on wood
138 × 144 cm
Museo del Prado, Madrid, Spain
 
The outer panels form a single image, Saint Gregory's Mass, rendered in grisaille.
The Garden of Earthly Delights
The Garden of Earthly Delights
ca 1495-1505
Oil on wood
220 × 389 cm
Museo del Prado, Madrid, Spain
 
The outer panels form a single image, The Creation of the World, rendered in grisaille.
The Haywain (Prado version)  
The Haywain
1510-16
Oil on wood
147 × 232 cm (Escorial version)
135 x 190 cm (Prado version)
El Escorial, Spain (version 1)
Museo del Prado, Madrid, Spain (version 2)
 
Two versions of this triptych exist, one in El Escorial, the other in Museo del Prado. Both are most probably copies of a lost Bosch original. The outer panels form a single image, usually referred to as The Path of Life.
Passion Triptych
Passion Triptych
c. 1530
Commissioned by Mencía de Mendoza (1508-1554) for her burial chapel (the Chapel of the Epiphany) in the convent of Santo Domingo, Valencia
Oil on panel
163 × 382 cm
Museu de Belles Arts de València, Valencia, Spain
Probably not a work by Bosch, but by a Flemish follower.
 
Hermit Saints Triptych
Hermit Saints Triptych
ca 1495-1505
Oil on wood
86 × 100 cm
Palazzo Ducale, Venice, Italy
The Last Judgment
The Last Judgment
ca 1500-05
Oil on wood
163.7 × 127 cm (central panel)
167.7 × 60 cm (left wing)
167 × 60 cm (right wing)
Academie für Bildenden Künste, Vienna, Austria
 
The outer panels show two images: Saint James the Greater and Saint Bavo, both rendered in grisaille.
The Last Judgment
The Last Judgment
ca 1495-1505
Oil on wood
99.5 × 117.5 cm
Groeningemuseum, Bruges, Belgium
 
Attributed to Bosch and/or his workshop. The outer panels form a single image, Christ Crowned with Thorns.
The Martyrdom of St. Julia
The Martyrdom of St. Julia
ca 1495-1505
Oil on wood
104 × 119 cm
Palazzo Ducale, Venice, Italy
The Temptation of St. Anthony
The Temptation of St. Anthony
ca 1500-10
Oil on wood
131.5 × 225 cm
Museu Nacional de Arte Antiga, Lisbon, Portugal
 
The outer panels show two images: The Arrest of Christ and Christ Bearing the Cross, both rendered in grisaille.

Diptychs and polyptychs[edit]

Image Details
The Fall of the Rebel Angels (front) Noah's Ark on Mount Ararat (front) Noah's Ark on Mount Ararat (back: Mankind Beset by Devils) The Fall of the Rebel Angels (back: Mankind Beset by Devils) 
Diptych (Hell and the Flood (nl))
  • The Fall of the Rebel Angels {Front {top} and back {bottom}
  • Noah's Ark on Mount Ararat
  • Mankind Beset by Devils (on the reverse sides)
Oil on wood
69.5 × 35 cm (each panel)
34.5 cm (diameter of paintings on the reverse sides)
Museum Boijmans Van Beuningen, Rotterdam, Netherlands
Poliptyk Hieronima Bocha Visions of the Hereafter.JPG
Polyptych (Visions of the Hereafter)
1505-15
Oil on wood
86.5 × 39.5 (each)
Palazzo Grimani, Venice, Italy
 
Also known as Cardinal Grimani's Altarpiece. Probably part of a larger (four more paintings) altarpiece, now lost.

Single panels and fragments of lost altarpieces[edit]

The life of Christ[edit]

Image Details
Adoration of the Child
Adoration of the Child
Oil on wood
66 × 43 cm
Wallraf-Richartz Museum, Cologne, Germany
 
Bosch's authorship is disputed; possibly a copy after a lost Bosch original. Another, wider version of the same painting is kept in Noordbrabants Museum, 's-Hertogenbosch (on loan from the Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam), and yet another is in Musées royaux des Beaux-Arts de Belgique in Brussels.
Adoration of the Magi Hieronymus Bosch autograph ca. 1470–75 (NY).jpg
Adoration of the Magi
ca 1470-80
Oil on wood
71.1 × 56.5 cm
Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, USA
 
Described by Friedländer as ‘an especially early work by the master’; later deemed a 16th-century pastiche; more recently thought to be a work dating back to the 1470s from Bosch's immediate circle[4]
Philadelphia Adoration of the Magi
Adoration of the Magi
Oil on wood
94 × 74 cm
Museum of Art, Philadelphia, USA
Crucifixion With a Donor
Crucifixion With a Donor
Oil on wood
74.7 × 61 cm
Royal Museums of Fine Arts of Belgium, Brussels, Belgium
Christ Carrying the Cross
Christ Carrying the Cross (Vienna)
ca 1490-1510
Oil on wood
57 × 32 cm
Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna, Austria
 
The reverse side of the panel has another painting on it, Christ Child with a Walking Frame (diameter 28 cm).
Christ Carrying the Cross
Christ Carrying the Cross (Ghent)
ca 1530-40
Oil on wood
74 × 81 cm
Museum voor Schone Kunsten, Ghent, Belgium
 
Bosch's authorship is disputed.
Christ Carrying the Cross
Christ Carrying the Cross (Madrid)
ca 1495-1505
Oil on wood
150 × 94 cm
Palacio Real, Madrid, Spain
Christ Crowned with Thorns
Christ Crowned with Thorns (London)
ca 1490-1500
Oil on wood
73 × 59 cm
National Gallery, London, UK
Christ Crowned with Thorns
Christ Crowned with Thorns (Escorial)
ca 1530-40
Oil on wood
165 × 195 cm
El Escorial, Spain

Painted neither by Bosch nor his workshop.

Ecce Homo
Ecce Homo (Philadelphia)
Oil on wood
52 × 54 cm
Museum of Art, Philadelphia, USA
 
Previously attributed to Bosch; dendrochronological analysis proved[citation needed] it to be a late 16th century work by a follower
Ecce Homo
Ecce Homo (Frankfurt)
ca 1475-85
Oil on wood
71 × 61 cm
Städel Museum, Frankfurt, Germany
The Marriage Feast at Cana
The Marriage Feast at Cana
Oil on wood
93 × 72 cm
Museum Boijmans Van Beuningen, Rotterdam, Netherlands
 
Several versions of this painting exist. However, none of these date from Bosch’s lifetime.

Saints[edit]

Image Details
St. John the Baptist in the Wilderness
St. Jerome at Prayer
ca 1485-95
Oil on wood
77 × 59 cm
Museum voor Schone Kunsten, Ghent, Belgium
St. Christopher Carrying the Christ Child
St. Christopher Carrying the Christ Child
ca 1490-1500
Oil on wood
113 × 71.5 cm
Museum Boijmans Van Beuningen, Rotterdam, Netherlands
St. John the Baptist in the Wilderness
St. John the Baptist in the Wilderness
ca 1490-95
Oil on wood
48.5 × 40 cm
Museo Lázaro Galdiano, Madrid, Spain
St. John the Evangelist on Patmos
St. John the Evangelist on Patmos
ca 1490-95
Oil on wood
63 × 43.3 cm
Gemäldegalerie, Berlin, Germany
 
The reverse side of the panel has a round double painting (diameter 39 cm) on it: Scenes from the Passion of Christ (outer circle) and The Pelican with Her Young (inner circle).
The Temptation of St. Anthony
The Temptation of St. Anthony
ca 1530-40
Oil on wood
70 × 51 cm
Museo del Prado, Madrid, Spain
 
Bosch's authorship is disputed.

Other works[edit]

Image Details
Allegory of Gluttony and Lust
Allegory of Gluttony and Lust
ca 1500-10
Oil on wood
35.8 × 32 cm
Yale University Art Gallery, New Haven, USA
 
Fragment of a lost triptych which also included Ship of Fools (the Allegory would be the lower part of that outer wing) and Death and the Miser (the other outer wing).
The Conjurer
The Conjurer
ca 1530-40
Oil on wood
53 × 65 cm
Musée Municipal, Saint-Germain-en-Laye, France
Bosch's authorship is disputed.
Death and the Miser
Death and the Miser
ca 1500-10
Oil on wood
92.6 × 30.8 cm
National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C., USA
 
Outer wing of a lost triptych. The other outer wing comprised Ship of Fools (top) and Allegory of Gluttony and Lust (bottom).
Death of the Reprobate
Death of the Reprobate
Oil on wood
34.6 × 21.2 cm
Private collection, New York, USA
 
Probably a copy of a fragment of a lost triptych.
Cutting the Stone
Cutting the Stone
ca 1500-20
Oil on wood
48 × 35 cm
Museo del Prado, Madrid, Spain
 
Also known as The Cure of Folly.
Head of a Halberdier
Head of a Halberdier
Oil on wood
28 × 20 cm
Museo del Prado, Madrid, Spain
 
Fragment of a Christ Crowned with Thorns by a follower of Bosch.
Head of a Woman
Head of a Woman
Oil on wood
13 × 5 cm
Museum Boijmans Van Beuningen, Rotterdam, Netherlands
 
Fragment. Attribution uncertain.
The Last Judgment (fragment)
The Last Judgment (fragment)
ca 1530-40
Oil on wood
60 × 114 cm
Alte Pinakothek, Munich, Germany
 
Fragment of a lost triptych. Bosch's authorship is disputed.
The Seven Deadly Sins and the Four Last Things
The Seven Deadly Sins and the Four Last Things
ca 1510-20
Oil on wood
120 × 150 cm
Museo del Prado, Madrid, Spain
Bosch's authorship is disputed.
Ship of Fools
Ship of Fools
ca 1500-10
Oil on wood
58 × 33 cm
Louvre, Paris, France
 
Fragment of a lost triptych which also included Allegory of Gluttony and Lust (which is the lower part of the Ship of Fools wing) and Death and the Miser (the other outer wing).
The Wayfarer
The Wayfarer
ca 1500-10
Oil on wood
71.5 cm (diameter)
Museum Boijmans Van Beuningen, Rotterdam, Netherlands
 
This is the outer panel of a lost triptych.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Luuk Hoogstede, Ron Spronk, Robert G. Erdmann, Rik Klein Gotink, Matthijs Ilsink, Jos Koldeweij, Hanneke Nap, and Daan Veldhuizen, Hieronymus Bosch, Painter and Draughtsman – Technical Studies, Yale University Press, New Haven, 2016.
  2. ^ ColourLex: Art and Science
  3. ^ Stefan Fischer. Bosch: The Complete Works.
  4. ^ See: Gallery Label Metropolitan Museum of Art Collection Database

Further reading[edit]

  • Matthijs Ilsink, Jos Koldeweij, Ron Spronk, Luuk Hoogstede, Robert G. Erdmann, Rik Klein Gotink, Hanneke Nap, and Daan Veldhuizen. Hieronymus Bosch: Painter and Draughtsman – Catalogue raisonné, Yale University Press, New Haven and London, 2016.
  • Luuk Hoogstede, Ron Spronk, Robert G. Erdmann, Rik Klein Gotink, Matthijs Ilsink, Jos Koldeweij, Hanneke Nap, and Daan Veldhuizen, Hieronymus Bosch, Painter and Draughtsman – Technical Studies, Yale University Press, New Haven, 2016.

External links[edit]