List of paintings by Johannes Vermeer

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Detail of the painting The Procuress (c. 1656), believed to be a self portrait by Vermeer[1]

The following is a list of paintings by the Dutch Golden Age painter Johannes Vermeer (1632–1675). After two or three early history paintings, he concentrated almost entirely on genre works, typically interiors with one or two figures. His popularity is due less to his subject matter than to the poetic manner in which he portrays his subjects and that he lived a very difficult life. Vermeer's paintings of the 1660s are generally more popular than his work from the 1670s: in the eyes of some, his later work is colder.[2]

Today, 34 paintings are firmly attributed to him, with question marks over a further three.[3] This compares to the 74 pictures attributed to him by a Theophile Burger in 1866. Vermeer's reputation increased greatly during the latter half of the 20th century, a period during which the number of paintings ascribed to him shrank greatly.[4] This is partly because he has been one of the most widely forged artists, and many forgeries have now been identified. No drawings or preparatory paintings are known.[5] Many Vermeer paintings are known by various names, and alternative names are noted below. Years of creation are only estimates for most of the paintings, and sources often give different, though not widely divergent, estimates. In addition to the known paintings listed below, historical documents seem to describe at least six other, lost, works.[5]

Paintings by Johannes Vermeer[edit]

Image Title Year Size Location
Johannes (Jan) Vermeer - Christ in the House of Martha and Mary - Google Art Project.jpg Christ in the House of Martha and Mary[6] 1654–55
or c. 1654–56[7] or c. 1655[8]
Oil on canvas, 160 × 142 cm National Gallery of Scotland,


Vermeer - Diana and Her Companions.jpg Diana and Her Companions[9] 1655–56
or c. 1653–54[7][8]
Oil on canvas, 98.5 × 105 cm Mauritshuis, The Hague
Johannes Vermeer - The Procuress - Google Art Project.jpg The Procuress[10] 1656 (signed and dated) Oil on canvas, 143 × 130 cm Gemäldegalerie Alte Meister, Dresden
Johannes Vermeer - Girl Reading a Letter by an Open Window - Google Art Project.jpg Girl Reading a Letter at an Open Window[11]
(also known as Young Woman Reading a Letter at an Open Window[7])
1657 (or c. 1657–59[7]) Oil on canvas, 83 × 64.5 cm Gemäldegalerie Alte Meister, Dresden
Vermeer young women sleeping.jpg A Girl Asleep
(also known as A Maid Asleep[7][8])
(or 1656–57[7][8])
Oil on canvas, 87.6 × 76.5 cm Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York
Johannes Vermeer - Gezicht op huizen in Delft, bekend als 'Het straatje' - Google Art Project.jpg The Little Street 1657–58
or c. 1658[7] or c. 1658–60[8]
Oil on canvas, 54.3 × 44 cm Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam
Johannes Vermeer - De Soldaat en het Lachende Meisje - Google Art Project.jpg Officer with a Laughing Girl
(also known as Officer and Laughing Girl)[7]
c. 1657[7] Oil on canvas, 50.5 × 46 cm Frick Collection, New York
Johannes Vermeer - Het melkmeisje - Google Art Project.jpg The Milkmaid c. 1658[7] or c. 1657–58[8] Oil on canvas, 45.5 × 41 cm Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam
Jan Vermeer van Delft - The Glass of Wine - Google Art Project.jpg The Wine Glass, also known as A Lady Drinking and a Gentleman and The Glass of Wine[8] 1658–60 or 1658–59[8] Oil on canvas, 39.4 × 44.5 cm Gemäldegalerie, Berlin
Jan Vermeer van Delft 006.jpg The Girl with the Wineglass c. 1659 Oil on canvas, 78 × 67.5 cm Herzog Anton-Ulrich-Museum, Braunschweig
Vermeer-view-of-delft.jpg View of Delft[12] 1659–60 Oil on canvas, 98.5 × 117.5 cm Mauritshuis, The Hague
Vermeer Girl Interrupted at Her Music.jpg Girl Interrupted at Her Music 1660–61 (or 1658–59[7]) Oil on canvas, 39.4 × 44.5 cm Frick Collection, New York
Vermeer, Johannes - Woman reading a letter - ca. 1662-1663.jpg Woman Reading a Letter 1663–64 (or 1657–59[7]) Oil on canvas, 46.6 × 39.1 cm Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam
Jan Vermeer van Delft 014.jpg The Music Lesson
(also known as A Lady at the Virginals with a Gentleman)
1662/65 Oil on canvas, 73.3 × 64.5 cm Royal Collection, Buckingham Palace, England
Vermeer - Woman with a Lute near a window.jpg Woman with a Lute c. 1663–64 or 1662–63[8] Oil on canvas, 51.4 × 45.7 cm Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York
Jan Vermeer van Delft - Young Woman with a Pearl Necklace - Google Art Project.jpg Woman with a Pearl Necklace 1662–64 Oil on canvas, 55 × 45 cm Gemäldegalerie, Berlin
Jan Vermeer van Delft 019.jpg Woman with a Water Jug, also known as Young Woman with a Water Pitcher[8] 1660–62 or c. 1662[8] Oil on canvas, 45.7 × 40.6 cm Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York
Johannes Vermeer - Woman Holding a Balance - Google Art Project.jpg Woman Holding a Balance, also known as Woman with a Balance[8] 1662–63 or c. 1663–64[8] Oil on canvas, 42.5 × 38 cm National Gallery of Art, Washington
Johannes Vermeer - A Lady Writing - Google Art Project.jpg A Lady Writing a Letter 1665–66 Oil on canvas, 45 × 40 cm National Gallery of Art, Washington
Meisje met de parel.jpg Girl with a Pearl Earring,
also known as Girl In A Turban, Head Of Girl In A Turban, The Young Girl With Turban, and Head of a Young Girl.
c. 1665 Oil on canvas, 46.5 × 40 cm Mauritshuis, The Hague
Vermeer The concert.JPG The Concert 1665–66 Oil on canvas, 72.5 × 64.7 cm Missing since its theft from the Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum, Boston in 1990[13]
Vermeer-Portrait of a Young Woman.jpg Portrait of a Young Woman, also known as Study of a Young Woman 1666–67 or c. 1665–67[8] Oil on canvas, 44.5 × 40 cm Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York
Jan Vermeer - The Art of Painting - Google Art Project.jpg The Allegory of Painting,
also known as The Art of Painting
1666–67 or c. 1666–68[8] Oil on canvas, 100 × 120 cm Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna
Vermeer Lady Maidservant Holding Letter.jpg Mistress and Maid,
also known as Lady with her Maidservant Holding a Letter
1667/68 Oil on canvas, 90.2 × 78.7 cm Frick Collection, New York
Vermeer - Girl with a Red Hat.JPG Girl with a Red Hat (attribution to Vermeer has been questioned)[14] 1668 or c. 1665–67[8] Oil on panel, 22.8 × 18 cm National Gallery of Art, Washington
Johannes Vermeer - The Astronomer - 1668.jpg The Astronomer 1668 Oil on canvas, 50.8 × 46.3 cm Louvre, Paris
Johannes Vermeer - The Geographer - Google Art Project.jpg The Geographer 1668/69 Oil on canvas, 53 × 46.6 cm Städelsches Kunstinstitut, Frankfurt am Main
Johannes Vermeer - The lacemaker (c.1669-1671).jpg The Lacemaker 1669/70 Oil on canvas, 24.5 × 21 cm Louvre, Paris
Vermeer, Johannes - The Loveletter.jpg The Love Letter 1669/70 Oil on canvas, 44 × 38.5 cm Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam
DublinVermeer.jpg Lady Writing a Letter with her Maid 1670 Oil on canvas, 71.1 × 58.4 cm National Gallery of Ireland, Dublin
Johannes Vermeer, Allegory of the Catholic Faith, The Metropolitan Museum of Art.jpg The Allegory of Faith, also known as Allegory of the Faith[8] 1671–74 or c. 1670–72[8] Oil on canvas, 114.3 × 88.9 cm Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, USA
Jan Vermeer van Delft 013.jpg The Guitar Player 1672 Oil on canvas, 53 × 46.3 cm Kenwood House, London, England
Jan Vermeer van Delft - Lady Standing at a Virginal - National Gallery, London.jpg Lady Standing at a Virginal, also known as Young Woman Standing at a Virginal[8] 1673–75 or c. 1670–72[8] Oil on canvas, 51.7 × 45.2 cm National Gallery, London
Johannes Vermeer - Zittende Klavecimbelspeelster (1673-1675).jpg Lady Seated at a Virginal, also known as Young Woman Seated at a Virginal[8] 1673–75 or c. 1670–72[8] Oil on canvas, 51.5 × 45.5 cm National Gallery, London

Disputed paintings[edit]

Image Title Year Size Location
SaintPraxedisJohannesVermeerPainting.jpg Saint Praxedis 1655[3] Oil on canvas, 101.6 x 82.6 cm Private Collection, Tokyo
On loan to the National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo
Johannes Vermeer - Girl with a flute (c 1665-1670).jpg Girl with a Flute 1665–70[3] Oil on panel, 20 x 17.8 cm National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C.
Vermeer - A young Woman seated at the Virginals.jpg A Young Woman Seated at the Virginals c. 1670[3] Oil on canvas, 25.2 × 20 cm Leiden Collection, United States

Lost works[edit]

Historical documents such as auction records suggest that Vermeer painted a number of other works, now presumably destroyed, lost to public view, or possibly wrongly attributed to other artists.[5] While a list of these lost Vermeers must necessarily be tentative, it may include:

  • a self-portrait
  • a painting of a man washing his hands
  • a second street scene (the first being The Little Street)
  • a Visit to the Tomb – possibly Biblical
  • a mythological painting including Jupiter
  • a relatively early painting described as a 'face by Vermeer'[5]


  1. ^ "The Procuress: Evidence for a Vermeer Self-Portrait". Retrieved 13 September 2010.
  2. ^ Bonafoux, 124
  3. ^ a b c d Jonathan Janson, Essential Vermeer: complete Vermeer catalogue accessed 16 June 2010
  4. ^ Bonafoux, 144
  5. ^ a b c d Jon Boone, Essential Vermeer: How many Vermeer's? (sic) accessed 22 January 2010
  6. ^ Wheelock, 48
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l or c. 1655Cant, Serena (2009). Vermeer and His World 1632–1675. Quercus Publishing Plc. ISBN 978-1-84866-001-4.
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v Liedtke, Walter; et al. (2001). Vermeer and the Delft School. Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, and Yale University Press, New Haven. ISBN 0-300-08848-5.
  9. ^ Wheelock, 52
  10. ^ Wheelock, 54
  11. ^ Wheelock, 58
  12. ^ Wheelock, 72
  13. ^ Stolen, a documentary about the theft of The Concert, from the PBS website
  14. ^ NGA catalog entry