List of paintings by Thomas Cole

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Thomas Cole was a 19th-century American artist widely regarded as a founder of the Hudson River School, and known for his romantic landscape and history paintings. Influenced by European painters, but with a strong American sensibility,[1] he was prolific throughout his career and worked primarily with oil. His works are typically allegoric and often show small figures set against moody and evocative wilderness landscapes that served as escapism from the smog-filled cityscapes of industrial revolution-era Britain in which he grew up.[2]

His works are held across a broad variety of major and national museums; this list consists only of paintings documented in public collections. The medium, if not oil on canvas, is noted.

Image Title Year Height (cm) Width (cm) Medium/notes Collection Accession No.
Cole Thomas Lake with Dead Trees (Catskill) 1825.jpg Lake with Dead Trees (Catskill) 1825 68.6 85.7 Oil on canvas
museum entry
Allen Memorial Art Museum 1904.1183
Cole Thomas Landscape 1825.jpg Landscape 1825 60.3 80.0 Oil on canvas
museum entry
Minneapolis Institute of Art 15.299
The Clove, Catskills, by Thomas Cole, c. 1826, oil on canvas - New Britain Museum of American Art - DSC09301.JPG The Clove, Catskills c. 1826 64.1 89.2 museum entry New Britain Museum of American Art 1945.22
Cole Thomas Kaaterskill Falls 1826.jpg Kaaterskill Falls 1826 Wadsworth Atheneum
Sunrise in the Catskills A12223.jpg Sunrise in the Catskills 1826 64.8 90.1 Oil on canvas
museum entry
National Gallery of Art 1989.24.1
Cole Thomas Landscape the Seat of Mr. Featherstonhaugh in the Distance 1826.jpg Landscape, the Seat of Mr. Featherstonhaugh in the Distance 1826 83.8 121.9 Oil on canvas
museum entry
Philadelphia Museum of Art 2004-115-4
The Tempest by Thomas Cole, c. 1826, High Museum of Art.jpg The Tempest 1826 museum entry High Museum of Art 1987.100
Cole Thomas Indian Sacrifice 1826.jpg The Last of the Mohicans: The Death of Cora c. 1827 museum entry University of Pennsylvania Art Collection 0000.0275
Scene-from-the-last-of-the-mohicans-cora-kneeling-at-the-feet-of-tanemund-1827.jpg Scene from "The Last of the Mohicans," Cora Kneeling at the Feet of Tamenund 1827 64.5 89.1 Wadsworth Atheneum 1868.3
View of the Round-Top in the Catskill Mountains by Thomas Cole.jpg View of the Round-Top in the Catskill Mountains 1827 47.31 64.45 museum entry Museum of Fine Arts Boston 47.1200
Cole Thomas View in the White Mountains 1827.jpg View in the White Mountains 1827 64.5 89.4 museum search Wadsworth Atheneum 1848.17
Thomas Cole Autumn in the Catskills.jpg Autumn in the Catskills 1827 Arnot Art Museum
View near the Village of Catskill by Thomas Cole, 1827, oil on wood panel - De Young Museum - DSC00934.JPG View near the Village of Catskill 1827 62.2 88.9 Oil on panel. museum entry Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco 1993.35.7
Cole Thomas Landscape Composition Saint John in the Wilderness 1827.jpg Landscape Composition: Saint John in the Wilderness 1827 91.4 73.5 museum entry Wadsworth Atheneum
Peace at Sunset (Evening in the White Mountains) Thomas Cole.jpg Peace at Sunset (Evening in the White Mountains) 1827 68.9 81.9 museum entry Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco 46.13
Lake Winnepesaukee 1827/28 64.8 87 museum entry Albany Institute of History & Art 1949.1.4
Thomas Cole - Expulsion. Moon and Firelight.jpg Expulsion: Moon and Firelight c. 1828 91.4 122 museum entry Thyssen-Bornemisza Museum 95 (1980.14)
Cole Thomas Expulsion from the Garden of Eden 1828.jpg Expulsion from the Garden of Eden 1828 100.96 138.43 museum entry Museum of Fine Arts Boston 47.1188
Cole Thomas Landscape with Dead Tree 1828.jpg Landscape (Landscape with Tree Trunks) 1828 66.4 81.9 museum entry Rhode Island School of Design Museum of Art
Cole Thomas The Garden of Eden 1828.jpg The Garden of Eden 1828 38.5 52.75 museum entry Amon Carter Museum of American Art 1990.10
Thomas Cole - View on Lake Winnipiseogee.JPG View on Lake Winnipiseogee 1828 Oil on panel Wadsworth Atheneum
Thomas Cole - Subsiding of the Waters of the Deluge - Smithsonian.jpg The Subsiding of the Waters of the Deluge 1829 90.8 121.3 museum entry Smithsonian American Art Museum 1983.40
Thomas Cole - Catskill Scenery.jpg Catskill Scenery 1830s museum entry Saint Louis Art Museum 105:1970
Distant View of Niagara Falls 1830 Thomas Cole.jpg Distant View of Niagara Falls 1830 47.9 60.6 Oil on panel
museum entry
Art Institute of Chicago 1946.396
Thomas Cole A Wild Scene.jpg A Wild Scene 1831–1832 129.7 194.5 museum collection search Baltimore Museum of Art
Study for The Angel Appearing to the Shepherds 2 (Thomas Cole).jpg Study for The Angel Appearing to the Shepherds 1831 17.8 22.2 museum entry Chrysler Museum of Art 86.193
Cole Thomas Tornado 1835.jpg Tornado in an American Forest 1831 museum entry National Gallery of Art 2014.136.117
Cole Thomas Aqueduct near Rome 1832.jpg Aqueduct near Rome 1832 44.5 67.3 Oil on canvas
museum entry
Mildred Lane Kemper Art Museum WU 1987.4
The Dead Abel by Thomas Cole, 1831-1832, oil on paper mounted on wood panel - Albany Institute of History and Art - DSC08083.JPG The Dead Abel 1832 17 28.5 Oil on panel. museum entry Albany Institute of History & Art 1943.86
Cole Thomas Romantic Landscape with Ruined Tower 1832-36.jpg Ruined Tower (Mediterranean Coast Scene with Tower) 1832–1836 68 86.4 Oil on composition board
museum entry
Albany Institute of History & Art 1965.1
Brooklyn Museum - Ruined Castle and River - Thomas Cole - overall.jpg Ruined Castle and River c. 1832 20.2 31.7 museum entry Brooklyn Museum 21.107
Thomas Cole - The Cascatelli, Tivoli, Looking Towards Rome (c. 1832).jpg The Cascatelli, Tivoli, Looking Towards Rome c. 1832 85.73 113.03 museum entry Columbus Museum of Art 1991.013.001
Cole Thomas A View near Tivoli (Morning 1832.jpg A View near Tivoli (Morning) 1832 37.5 58.7 museum entry Metropolitan Museum of Art 03.27
Salvator Rosa Sketching Banditti by Thomas Cole.jpg Salvator Rosa Sketching Banditti 1832–1840 17.78 24.13 Oil on panel
museum entry
Museum of Fine Arts Boston 62.268
Cole, Thomas - Der Pokal des Riesen - hi res - 1833.JPG The Titan's Goblet 1833 49.2 41 museum entry Metropolitan Museum of Art 04.29.2
Thomas Cole - Scene from Byron’s “Manfred” - 1968.102 - Yale University Art Gallery.jpg Scene from Byron’s “Manfred” 1833 museum entry Yale University Art Gallery 1968.102
The Angel Appearing to the Shepherds (Thomas Cole).jpg The Angel Appearing to the Shepherds 1834 101.5 185.5 museum entry Chrysler Museum of Art 80.30
Clouds MET DP300700.jpg Clouds c. 1838 22.2 27.6 museum entry Metropolitan Museum of Art 2013.201
Sketch for View from Mount Holyoke, Northampton, Massachusetts, after a Thunderstorm (The Oxbow) MET DP325433.jpg Sketch for View from Mount Holyoke, Northampton, Massachusetts, after a Thunderstorm (The Oxbow) 1836 14 23.8 museum entry Metropolitan Museum of Art 2014.59
Cole Thomas The Oxbow (The Connecticut River near Northampton 1836).jpg The Oxbow 1836 130.8 193 museum entry Metropolitan Museum of Art 08.228
Cole Thomas The Course of Empire The Savage State 1836.jpg The Course of Empire: The Savage State 1836 99.7 160.7 museum entry New-York Historical Society 1858.1
Cole Thomas The Course of Empire The Arcadian or Pastoral State 1836.jpg The Course of Empire: The Arcadian or Pastoral State c. 1834 99.7 160.7 museum entry New-York Historical Society 1858.2
Cole Thomas The Consummation The Course of the Empire 1836.jpg The Course of Empire: Consummation 1836 130.2 193 museum entry New-York Historical Society 1858.3
Cole Thomas The Course of Empire Destruction 1836.jpg The Course of Empire: Destruction 1836 museum entry New-York Historical Society 1858.4
Cole Thomas The Course of Empire Desolation 1836.jpg The Course of Empire: Desolation 1836 99.7 160.7 museum entry New-York Historical Society 1858.5
Cole Thomas View of Florence from San Miniato 1837.jpg View of Florence from San Miniato 1837 museum entry Cleveland Museum of Art 1961.39
Cole Thomas View on the Catskill Early Autumn 1837.jpg View on the Catskill Early Autumn 1837 museum entry Metropolitan Museum of Art 95.13.3
Cole Thomas The Departure 1837.jpg The Departure 1837 museum entry National Gallery of Art 2014.79.13
The Return A31154.jpg The Return 1837 museum entry National Gallery of Art 2014.79.12
View on the Arno, near Florence, 1837, by Thomas Cole (1801-1848) - Worcester Art Museum - IMG 7671.JPG View on the Arno, near Florence 1837 84.5 135.5 museum search Worcester Art Museum 1991.179
The Vesper Hymn by Thomas Cole.jpeg The Vesper Hymn c. 1838 53.7 45.4 museum entry Yale University Art Gallery 1949.41
Italian Coast Scene with Ruined Tower-1838-Thomas Cole.jpg Romantic Landscape with Ruined Tower 1838 86.4 116.8 museum entry National Gallery of Art 1993.55.1
Cole Thomas The Present 1838.jpg The Present 1838 museum entry Mead Art Museum AC 1951.190
Cole Thomas The Past 1838.jpg The Past 1838 museum entry Mead Art Museum AC 1951.189
Thomas Cole - Dream of Arcadia - Google Art Project.jpg Dream of Arcadia 1838 98.1 159.4 museum entry Denver Art Museum 1954.71
Thomas Cole - North Mountain and Catskill Creek - 1981.56 - Yale University Art Gallery.jpg North Mountain and Catskill Creek 1838 museum entry Yale University Art Gallery 1981.56
A View of the Mountain Pass Called the Notch of the White Mountans (Crawford Notch)-1839-Thomas Cole.jpg The Notch of the White Mountains 1839 102 155.8 museum entry National Gallery of Art 1967.8.1
Cole Thomas Portage Falls on the Genesee 1839.jpg Portage Falls on the Genesee 1839 Seward House Historic Museum
New England Scenery 1839 Thomas Cole.jpg New England Scenery 1839 57.1 46.7 museum entry Art Institute of Chicago 1900.558
Gardens of the Van Rensselaer Manor House 1840 61 91 museum entry Albany Institute of History & Art 1930.7.1
Thomas Cole - Architect’s Dream - Google Art Project.jpg The Architect's Dream 1840 museum entry Toledo Museum of Art 1949.162
The Fountain of Vaucluse by Thomas Cole.jpg The Fountain of Vaucluse 1841 museum entry Dallas Museum of Art 1992.14
Sunset in the Catskills by Thomas Cole.jpg Sunset in the Catskills 1841 57.15 76.2 museum entry Museum of Fine Arts Boston 63.271
The Return from the Tournament 1841 100.97 153.67 museum entry National Gallery of Art 2014.136.170
Cole Thomas The Temple of Segesta with the Artist Sketching 1843.jpg The Temple of Segesta with the Artist Sketching c. 1842 49.85 76.52 museum entry Museum of Fine Arts Boston 47.1198
View of Sicily by Thomas Cole.jpg View of Sicily 1842-45 18.6 25.7 museum entry Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts 2011.22
Thomas Cole - The Voyage of Life Childhood, 1842 (National Gallery of Art).jpg The Voyage of Life: Childhood 1842 134.3 195.3 museum entry National Gallery of Art 1971.16.1
Thomas Cole - The Voyage of Life Youth, 1842 (National Gallery of Art).jpg The Voyage of Life: Youth 1842 134.3 194.9 museum entry National Gallery of Art 1971.16.2
Thomas Cole - The Voyage of Life Manhood, 1842 (National Gallery of Art).jpg The Voyage of Life: Manhood 1842 134.3 202.6 museum entry National Gallery of Art 1971.16.3
Thomas Cole - The Voyage of Life Old Age, 1842 (National Gallery of Art).jpg The Voyage of Life: Old Age 1842 133.4 196.2 museum entry National Gallery of Art 1971.16.4
Cole Thomas River in the Catskills 1843.jpg River in the Catskills 1843 69.85 102.55 museum entry Museum of Fine Arts Boston 47.1201
Cole Thomas Angels Ministering to Christ in the Wilderness 1843.jpg Angels Ministering to Christ in the Wilderness 1843 189.2 152.4 Oil on linen Worcester Art Museum 1970.118
Cole Thomas Roman Campagna 1843.jpg Roman Campagna 1843 Wadsworth Atheneum
Cole Thomas Mount Aetna from Taormina 1844.jpg Mount Etna from Taormina 1843 200 306 museum search Wadsworth Atheneum 1844.6
Cole Thomas An Italian Autumn 1844.jpg An Italian Autumn 1844 81.6 123.19 museum entry Museum of Fine Arts Boston 1989.229
Thomas Cole - Study for Catskill Creek.jpg Study for "Catskill Creek" 1844/1845 30.5 45.7 Oil on panel
museum entry
National Gallery of Art 1998.67.1
Thomas Cole - A View of the Two Lakes and Mountain House, Catskill Mountains, Morning (1844) - Google Art Project.jpg A View of the Two Lakes and Mountain House, Catskill Mountains, Morning 1844 91 136.9 museum entry Brooklyn Museum 52.16
Cole Thomas American Lake Scene 1844.jpg American Lake Scene 1844 46.4 62.2 museum entry Detroit Institute of Arts
The Mill, Sunset, by Thomas Cole, 1844 - Nelson-Atkins Museum of Art - DSC09017.JPG The Mill, Sunset 1844 66.36 91.6 museum entry Nelson-Atkins Museum of Art 2004.29
View of the Thames by Thomas Cole.jpg View of the Thames 1845 33.97 51.43 museum entry Museum of Fine Arts Boston 63.270
Thomas Cole - Il Penseroso.jpg Il Penseroso 1845 museum entry Los Angeles County Museum of Art M.80.115
La Croix dans la solitude – Thomas Cole – Musée du Louvre, RF 1975-9 – Q18946480.jpg The Cross in the Wilderness 1845 museum entry Department of Paintings of the Louvre RF 1975-9
Cole Thomas View Across Frenchman-s Bay from Mount Desert Island After a Squall 1845.jpg View across Frenchman's Bay from Mt. Desert Island, after a Squall 1845 97.3 159 museum entry Cincinnati Art Museum 1925.569
L'Allegro LACMA M.74.53.jpg L'Allegro 1845 81.6 121.92 museum entry Los Angeles County Museum of Art M.74.53
Brooklyn Museum - Study for The Cross and the World...... - Thomas Cole.jpg Study for The Cross and the World 1846–47 30.1 46.2 Oil on panel
museum entry
Brooklyn Museum 33.274
Cole Thomas The Cross and the World Study for -The Pilgrim of the World at the End of His Journey 1846-48.jpg Study for The Pilgrim of the World at the End of His Journey c. 1847 30.48 45.72 museum entry Smithsonian American Art Museum 1988.1
ThomasCole-Pilgrim Cross End.jpg The Cross and the World: The Pilgrim of the Cross at the End of His Journey 1846–1848 30.48 45.72 museum entry Smithsonian American Art Museum 1965.10
The Cross and the World - The Pilgrim of the World on his Journey, study by Thomas Cole, c. 1846-1847, oil on canvas - Albany Institute of History and Art - DSC08125.JPG The Cross and the World: The Pilgrim of the World on his Journey 1846–47 30 46 museum entry Albany Institute of History & Art 1943.83
Thomas Cole - The Pic-Nic (1846) - Google Art Project.jpg The Pic-Nic 1846 121.6 137.2 museum entry Brooklyn Museum 67.205.2
Cole Thomas Arch of Nero 1846.jpg Arch of Nero 1846 museum search Newark Museum
Thomas Cole - The Mountain Ford.jpg The Mountain Ford 1846 71.8 101.8 museum entry Metropolitan Museum of Art 15.30.63
Thomas Cole - Indian Pass (1847) - Google Art Project.jpg Indian Pass 1847 101.8 75.6 museum entry Museum of Fine Arts, Houston 95.138
Thomas Cole - Prometheus Bound - Google Art Project.jpg Prometheus Bound 1847 museum entry Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco 1997.28
Cole Thomas Genesee Scenery 1847.jpg Genesee Scenery 1847 130.8 99.7 museum entry Rhode Island School of Design Museum 38.054
Cole Thomas Home in the Woods 1847.jpg Home in the Woods 1847 museum entry Reynolda House Museum of American Art
The Good Shepherd (Thomas Cole).jpg The Good Shepherd 1848 32 48 museum entry Crystal Bridges Museum of American Art 2007.10
Cole, Thomas - Cross at Sunset - c. 1848.jpg Cross at Sunset 1848 81.8 122.4 Oil on canvas
museum entry
Thyssen-Bornemisza Museum 96 (1980.15)
1981.104.jpg Italian Landscape (formerly The Catskills from Saugerties) ? 13.3 23.5 Oil on board
museum entry
Fralin Museum of Art 1981.104
Dead Rising from Tombs (Thomas Cole).jpg Dead Rising from Tombs ? 19 27.5 Oil on panel
museum entry
Princeton University Art Museum y1943-110

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Cotter, Holland. "Thomas Cole, American Moralist". New York Times, 15 March 2018. Retrieved 8 May 2018
  2. ^ Kornhauser, Elizabeth. "Re-examining Thomas Cole". The Magazine Antiques, 8 January 2018 Retrieved 8 May 2018