List of palaces and mansions in Hungary

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This is a list of lists of palaces (Hungarian: kastélyok, paloták) and mansions (Hungarian: kúriák, kiskastélyok) in Hungary according to the county where they can be found.

There are more than 2,000 palaces and mansions today in Hungary, with about 700 of them under protection. Palace construction thrived during the politically tranquil 18th century, which became one of the most important periods of construction in the history of the cultural development of the country. The style of these palaces and mansions varies according to age and region, but invariably they show their uniquely Hungarian character. In spite of being modeled sometimes on foreign examples and built by foreign masters, they still bear the stamp of a style rooted in the Hungarian way of life.

History[edit]

Károlyi Palace in Fót, Pest County

18th century[edit]

Throughout the Middle Ages, while the country struggled to survive wars followed by 150 years of Turkish occupation, most of the existing castles were destroyed and very few new were built. During the reign of Maria Theresa of Austria (ruled 1740 to 1780), the replacement of the destroyed or derelict castles and forts did not start in earnest before the end of the 18th century.

The wealth of Hungarian noble families like Eszterházy, Grassalkovich, Festetics, Batthyány, Pállfy, Károlyi and Erdődy grew during this period. Many aristocratic families used their wealth to develop their property through architecture. No longer desiring to live in the out-of-date forts built on top of hills, they chose the flat lands for their estates as locales for their splendid palaces.

The nobility loved arts and sciences and lived within fine social norms; this had significant influence on the building of the palaces. There are a lot of similar features in these buildings, which are now considered as Hungarian characteristics.

The picture of Hungarian palaces would not be complete without mentioning the surrounding gardens. Hungarian nobles planned their gardens after the parks of French palaces, the characteristics of which were orderliness, well arranged but with great variety. The baroque garden strove for order and union. Because of the narrower financial possibilities, Hungarian baroque parks are much more modest than foreign ones, and as the art of garden-building is the most fleeting art, today we can hardly find anything of the old splendor of these parks.

19th century[edit]

The 19th century brought a new way of thinking. The English example can be felt in the social and political life of the country, and their influence is seen in the palaces of the nobility as well. Above all, the taste of the 19th century changed the style of the gardens; the natural beauty of the trees and bushes were back in fashion. Botanical interest came into prominence; it was fashionable to collect special and rare plants. After the monopoly of the baroque, the gardens reflected the idea of "back to nature", which warmly surround these Greek-style pure palaces.

Modern era[edit]

After the second World War the palaces, mansions and their beautiful gardens became mainly state or co-operative property. Most of them functions today as museums, houses of culture, schools, sanatoriums or other public buildings.

List of palaces and mansions in Hungary[edit]

FLAG-Baranya-megye.svg Baranya County HUN Baranya megye COA.png FLAG-Bacs-Kiskun-megye.svg Bács-Kiskun County Bacs-kiskun-megye.svg FLAG-Békés-megye.svg Békés County Békés departemento blazono.svg FLAG-Borsod-Abauj-Zemplén-megye.svg Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén County Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén departemento blazono.svg
Main article: Palaces and mansions in Baranya County
Batthyány Palace in Bóly
Main article: Palaces and mansions in Bács-Kiskun County
Patasich–Grassalkovich–Viczay–Zichy-Ferraris Palace Baja
Main article: Palaces and mansions in Békés County
Wenckheim Palace in Szabadkígyós
Main article: Palaces and mansions in Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén County
Flag of Budapest (2011-).svg Budapest Coa Hungary Town Budapest big.svg FLAG-Csongrad-megye.svg Csongrád County HU Csongrád megye COA.svg FLAG-Fejér-megye.svg Fejér County HUN Fejér megye COA.png FLAG-Gyor-Moson-Sopron-megye.svg Győr-Moson-Sopron County HUN Győr-Moson-Sopron megye COA.png
Main article: Palaces and mansions in Budapest Main article: Palaces and mansions in Csongrád County
Károlyi Palace in Nagymágocs
Main article: Palaces and mansions in Fejér County
Brunszvik Mansion in Martonvásár
Main article: Palaces and mansions in Győr-Moson-Sopron County
Eszterházy Palace in Eszterháza
FLAG-Hajdú-Bihar-megye.svg Hajdú-Bihar County HUN Hajdú-Bihar COA.svg FLAG-Heves-megye.svg Heves County Coa Hungary County Heves.svg FLAG-Jasz-Nagykun-Szolnok.svg Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok County HUN Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok megye COA.png FLAG-Komárom-Esztergom-megye.svg Komárom-Esztergom County HUN Komárom-Esztergom megye COA.png
Main article: Palaces and mansions in Hajdú-Bihar County
Semsey Mansion in Balmazújváros
Main article: Palaces and mansions in Heves County
Károlyi Mansion in Parádsasvár
Main article: Palaces and mansions in Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok County
Horthy Mansion in Kenderes
Main article: Palaces and mansions in Komárom-Esztergom County
Sándor-Metternich Mansion in Bajna
FLAG-Nograd.svg Nógrád County Coa Hungary County Nógrád.svg FLAG-Pest-megye.svg Pest County HUN Pest megye COA.png FLAG-Somogy-megye.svg Somogy County HUN Somogy megye COA.svg Flag-Szabolcs-Szatmar-Bereg-megye.svg Szabolcs-Szatmár-Bereg County HUN Szabolcs-Szatmár-Bereg megye COA.svg
Main article: Palaces and mansions in Nógrád County
Teleki Palace in Szirák
Main article: Palaces and mansions in Pest County Main article: Palaces and mansions in Somogy County
Inkey Palace in Iharosberény
Main article: Palaces and mansions in Szabolcs-Szatmár-Bereg County
Andrássy Palace in Tiszadob
FLAG-Tolna-megye.svg Tolna County HUN Tolna megye COA.png FLAG-Vas-megye.svg Vas County HUN Vas megye COA.png FLAG-Veszprém-megye.svg Veszprém County Coa Hungary County Veszprém.svg FLAG-Zala-megye.svg Zala County Coa Hungary County Zala (2010-).svg
Main article: Palaces and mansions in Tolna County
Gindly-Benyovszky Mansion in Tengelic
Main article: Palaces and mansions in Vas County
Szapáry Palace in Sorokpolány
Main article: Palaces and mansions in Veszprém County
Eszterházy Palace in Pápa
Main article: Palaces and mansions in Zala County

See also[edit]

References[edit]