List of parrots

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Parrots
Temporal range: EoceneHolocene,[1] 54–0 Ma
Ara ararauna Luc Viatour.jpg
Blue-and-yellow macaw (Ara ararauna) in flight.
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Psittaciformes
Superfamilies

Cacatuoidea (cockatoos)
Psittacoidea (true parrots)
Strigopoidea (New Zealand parrots)

Parrot range.png
Range of parrots, all species (red)

Parrots, also known as psittacines /ˈsɪtəsnz/,[2][3] are the 402 species of birds that make up the order Psittaciformes, found in most tropical and subtropical regions. The order is subdivided into three superfamilies: the Psittacoidea ("true" parrots), the Cacatuoidea (cockatoos), and the Strigopoidea (New Zealand parrots).[4] Parrots have a generally pantropical distribution with several species inhabiting temperate regions in the Southern Hemisphere, as well. The greatest diversity of parrots is in South America and Australasia.[5]

The Psittaciformes comprise three main lineages: Strigopoidea, Psittacoidea and Cacatuoidea.[4] The Strigopoidea were considered part of the Psittacoidea, but recent studies place this group of New Zealand species at the base of the parrot tree next to the remaining members of the Psittacoidea, as well as all members of the Cacatuoidea.[6][7][8] The Cacatuoidea are quite distinct, having a movable head crest, a different arrangement of the carotid arteries, a gall bladder, differences in the skull bones, and lack the Dyck texture feathers that—in the Psittacidae—scatter light to produce the vibrant colours of so many parrots. Colourful feathers with high levels of psittacofulvin resist the feather-degrading bacterium Bacillus licheniformis better than white ones.[9] Lorikeets were previously regarded as a third family, Loriidae,[10]:45 but are now considered a tribe (Loriini) within the subfamily Loriinae, family Psittaculidae.[6][7][8] Some species, such as the Puerto Rican amazon (Amazona vittata) have had a population bottleneck (in this case reduced to 13 individuals in 1975) and subsequently have low genetic variability and low reproductive success, leading to complications with conservation.[11]

No consensus existed regarding the taxonomy of Psittaciformes until recently. Consequently, the placement of the Strigopoidea species has been variable in the past.[12] Traditionally, the species of the superfamily Strigopoidea were placed in the superfamily Psittacoidea, but several studies confirmed the unique placement of this group at the base of the parrot tree.[4][6][13][14] Most authors now recognize this group as its own taxon[4][15][16] with two separate families: Nestoridae and Strigopidae.[4][17] Conversely, the relationships among various cockatoo genera are largely resolved.[18][19][20][21]

Conventions[edit]

IUCN Red List categories
Conservation status
EX Extinct (15 species)
EW Extinct in the wild (0 species)
CR Critically endangered (17 species)
EN Endangered (38 species)
VU Vulnerable (54 species)
NT Near threatened (59 species)
CD Conservation dependent (N/A)
LC Least Concern (219 species)
Other category
DD Data deficient (0 species)
NE Not evaluated (0 species)

Conservation status codes listed follow the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red List of Threatened Species. Range maps are provided wherever possible; if a range map is not available, there will be a description of the bird's range with a citation provided. If a citation is not provided for this, assume the IUCN red list for that species is the citation. All extinct species listed are recently extinct species, defined as going extinct after 1500 C.E., according to the IUCN.[22] The dagger symbol "†" indicates the taxon as extinct.[23]

Classification[edit]

The order Psittaciformes consists of 387 extant species belonging to 87 genera. The following classification is based on the most recent proposal as of 2012.[6][7][18][24][25][26][27]

Superfamily Psittacoidea: true parrots

Superfamily Cacatuoidea: cockatoos

Superfamily Strigopoidea: New Zealand parrots

True parrots[edit]

Family Psittacidae[edit]

Subfamily Psittacinae[edit]

Main article: Psittacinae
Genus Psittacus (grey parrots) Brisson, 1760 – two species
Common name Scientific name IUCN Red List Status Range Picture
African grey parrot P. erithacus
Linnaeus, 1758
gVU IUCN Congo Grey Parrot range.jpg Psittacus erithacus -perching on tray-8d.jpg
Timneh parrot P. timneh
Fraser, 1844
gVU IUCN Timnehdist.gif Psittacus erithacus timneh-parrot on cage.jpg
Genus Poicephalus Swainson, 1837 – nine species
Common name Scientific name IUCN Red List Status Range Picture
Senegal parrot P. senegalus
Linnaeus, 1766
LC IUCN West Africa (excluding the Maghreb) Poicephalus senegalus -Maspalomas, Gran Canaria, Canary Islands, Spain-8.jpg
Red-bellied parrot P. rufiventris
Rüppell, 1845
LC IUCN Eastern Horn of Africa, eastern Kenya, and northeast Tanzania Red-bellied Parrot pair in a cage.JPG
Rüppell's parrot P. rueppellii
Gray, 1849
LC IUCN Northern Namibia and the coast of Angola Poicephalus rueppellii -Hobatere Lodge, Kamanjab, Namibia-8.jpg
Cape parrot P. robustus
Gmelin, 1788
LC IUCN Cape Parrot, range.png Poicephalus robustus -South Africa-6a.jpg
Meyer's parrot P. meyeri
Cretzschmar, 1827
LC IUCN Meyer's Parrot, range & races.png Poicephalus meyeri -Zimbabwe -two-8-3c.jpg
Red-fronted parrot P. gulielmi
Jardine, 1849
LC IUCN Poicephalus gulielmi - subspecies ranges in Africa.jpg Poicephalus gulielmi -Birds of Eden -South Africa-8a-3c.jpg
Yellow-fronted parrot P. flavifrons
Rüppell, 1845
LC IUCN Western Ethiopia Poicephalus flavifrons -near Bishangari Lodge, Ethiopia-8.jpg
Brown-headed parrot P. cryptoxanthus
Peters, 1854
LC IUCN Southeast African coast Brown-headed Parrot (Poicephalus cryptoxanthus) (11688869593).jpg
Niam-Niam parrot P. crassus
Sharpe, 1884
LC IUCN Central Central African Republic

Subfamily Arinae (neotropical parrots)[edit]

Main article: Arinae
Tribe Arini
Main article: Arini (tribe)
Genus Cyanoliseus Bonaparte, 1854 – one species
Common name Scientific name IUCN Red List Status Range Picture
Burrowing parrot C. patagonus
Vieillot, 1818
LC IUCN Central Argentina stretching to the coasts Burrowing Parrot RWD1.jpg
Genus Enicognathus Gray, 1840 – two species
Common name Scientific name IUCN Red List Status Range Picture
Slender-billed parakeet E. leptorhynchus
King, 1831
LC IUCN Central Chilean coast (central meaning halfway between the northern and southern extremes) Slender-billed Parakeet.jpg
Austral parakeet E. ferrugineus
Müller, 1776
LC IUCN Eastern Patagonian coast, southern Tierra del Fuego, Malvinas (of the Falkland Islands), South Sandwich Islands, and South Georgia Cachaña.jpg
Genus Rhynchopsitta Bonaparte, 1854 – two species
Common name Scientific name IUCN Red List Status Range Picture
Thick-billed parrot R. pachyrhyncha
Swainson, 1827
eEN IUCN Sierra Madre Occidental Rhynchopsitta pachyrhyncha -Arizona-Sonora Desert Museum, Tucson, Arizona, USA-8a.jpg
Maroon-fronted parrot R. terrisi
Moore, 1947
eEN IUCN Sierra Madre Oriental Rhynchopsitta terrisi -captive-8a.jpg
Genus Pyrrhura Bonaparte, 1856 – 31 species
Common name Scientific name IUCN Red List Status Range Picture
Ochre-marked parakeet P. cruentata
Wied-Neuwied, 1820
gVU IUCN Scattered populations around the southeastern coast of Brazil (north of São Paulo) Pyrrhura cruentata -two perching-8a.jpg
Maroon-bellied parakeet P. frontalis
Vieillot, 1818
LC IUCN Southwest Brazil, northern Uruguay, and southern Paraguay Maroon-bellied Conure (Pyrrhura frontalis) -Sao Paulo.jpg
Blaze-winged parakeet P. devillei
Massena and de Souancé, 1854
iNT IUCN Northern Paraguay and Southwest Brazil along the Brazil/(northern) Paraguay border
Crimson-bellied parakeet P. perlata
Spix, 1824
gVU IUCN Central Brazil and along the Brazil/Bolivia border Pyrrhura perlata -captive-8a-1c.jpg
Pearly parakeet P. lepida
Wagler, 1832
gVU IUCN Northeast Brazil south of the Amazon river Pyrrhura lepida -pet-8.jpg
Green-cheeked parakeet P. molinae
Massena and de Souancé, 1854
LC IUCN Pyrrhura molinae range.jpg Pyrrhura molinae -captive-perch-8a-1cp.jpg
Painted parakeet P. picta
Müller, 1776
LC IUCN Northeast South America, north of the Amazon river and east of the Venezuela/Colombia border Venezuelan Parakeet - Perico Pintado ( Pyrrhura picta emma).jpg
Sinú parakeet P. subandina
Todd, 1917
CR IUCN Sinú Valley in northern Colombia near (but not bordering) the Gulf of Darien
Perijá parikeet P. caeruleiceps
Todd, 1947
eEN IUCN Along the northern Venezuela/Colombia border
Azuero parakeet P. eisenmanni
Delgado, 1985
eEN IUCN Southwest Azuero Peninsula Pyrrhura picta eisenmanni.jpg
Venezuelan parakeet P. emma
Salvadori, 1891
LC IUCN Northern coast of Venezuela Venezuelan Parakeet - Perico Pintado ( Pyrrhura picta emma) (15839019737) (2).jpg
Santarem parakeet P. amazonum
Hellmayr, 1906
eEN IUCN Central and southeast Amazon in Brazil
Madeira parakeet P. snethlageae
Joseph and Blake, 2002
gVU IUCN Eastern Brazil, west of the Brazil/Bolivia border, south of the Madeira river, and north of the Araguaia river
Bonaparte's parakeet P. lucianii
Deville, 1851
LC IUCN Northwest Amazon rainforest in Brazil F de Castelnau-oiseauxPl3.jpg
Rose-fronted parakeet P. roseifrons
Gray, 1859
LC IUCN Along the Peru/Brazil border and Peru/Bolivia border Painted Parakeet.jpg
Wavy-breasted parakeet P. peruviana
Hocking, Blake, and Joseph, 2002
LC IUCN Along the Marañón river in northern Peru and Ecuador
White-eared parakeet P. leucotis
Kuhl, 1820
iNT IUCN Southeast Brazilian coast, north of Rio de Janeiro and south of Salvador de Bahia Pyrrhura leucotis leucotis 01.JPG
Grey-breasted parakeet P. griseipectus
Salvadori, 1900
CR IUCN Scattered populations in northern Ceará, a state in Brazil Pyrrhura griseipectus -upper body-8a-2c.jpg
Pfrimer's parakeet P. pfrimeri
de Miranda-Ribeiro, 1920
eEN IUCN Dry forest near the Serra Geral
Fiery-shouldered parakeet P. egregia
Sclater, 1881
LC IUCN Venezuela west of the Rio Caroni, and Guyana east of the Mazaruni River Demerara cock.jpg
Santa Marta parakeet P. viridicata
Todd, 1913
eEN IUCN Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta Pyrrhura viridicata.jpg
Maroon-tailed parakeet P. melanura
Spix, 1824
LC IUCN Northwest South America, east of the Andes Mountains Pyrrhura melanura berlepschi Keulemans.jpg
El Oro parakeet P. orcesi
Ridgely & Robbins, 1988
eEN IUCN El Oro Province in Ecuador
Black-capped parakeet P. rupicola
Tschudi, 1844
iNT IUCN Around the Brazil/Peru/Bolivia border within the State of Acre and west of the Andes mountains Pyrrhura rupicola -captive-6a.jpg
White-breasted parakeet P. albipectus
Chapman, 1914
gVU IUCN Zamora-Chinchipe Province White-breasted Parakeets (Pyrrhua albipectus).jpg
Flame-winged parakeet P. calliptera
Massena and de Souancé, 1854
gVU IUCN Andes mountains in Colombia Pyrrhura calliptera.JPG
Blood-eared parakeet P. hoematotis
de Souancé, 1857
LC IUCN Northern coast of Venezuela Red-eared Parakeet.jpg
Rose-crowned parakeet P. rhodocephala
Sclater and Salvin, 1871
LC IUCN Andes mountains in Venezuela, near Lake Maracaibo PyrrhuraRhodocephalaKeulemans.jpg
Sulphur-winged parakeet P. hoffmanni
Cabanis, 1861
LC IUCN Continental Divide running through Costa Rica and Panama Pyrrhura hoffmanni -Costa Rica-4-4c.jpg
Garlepp's parakeet P. parvifrons
Arndt, 2008
LC IUCN Two separate populations in northeast San Martin Province and western Loreto Province
Choco parakeet P. pacifica
Chapman, 1915
LC IUCN Northern Ecuador and southwest Colombia along the Colombia/Ecuador border on the coast
Genus Anodorhynchus von Spix, 1824 – three species
Common name Scientific name IUCN Red List Status Range Picture
Glaucous macaw A. glaucus
Veiellot, 1816
CR IUCN A small population in northeast Argentina near the Argentina/Brazil/Paraguay border Anodorhynchus glaucus.jpg
Hyacinth macaw A. hyacinthinus
Latham, 1790
gVU IUCN Hyacinth area.png Anodorhynchus hyacinthinus -Disney -Florida-8.jpg
Lear's macaw A. leari
Bonaparte, 1856
eEN IUCN Distribuicao-geografica-anodorhynchus-lean.png Lear's Macaw Anodorhynchus leari.jpg
Genus Leptosittaca von Berlepsch and Stolzmann, 1894 – one species
Common name Scientific name IUCN Red List Status Range Picture
Golden-plumed parakeet L. branickii
von Berlepsch and Stolzmann, 1894
gVU IUCN Andes mountains in Peru, Colombia, and near the Ecuador/Peru and Ecuador/Colombia borders Leptosittaca branickii -Tapichalaca Reserve-8.jpg
Genus Ognorhynchus Bonaparte, 1857 – one species
Common name Scientific name IUCN Red List Status Range Picture
Yellow-eared parrot O. icterotis
Massena and de Souancé, 1854
eEN IUCN Along the Chocó Department/Antioquia Department border Ognorhynchus icterotis -Colombia-8.jpg
Genus Diopsittaca Ridgway, 1912 – two species
Common name Scientific name IUCN Red List Status Range Picture
Southern red-shouldered macaw D. cumanensis
Lichtenstein, 1823
LC IUCN Brazil, south of the Amazon rainforest Diopsittaca nobilis -Parque das Aves, Foz do Iguacu, Brazil-8a.jpg
Northern Red-shouldered Macaw D. nobilis
Linnaeus, 1758
LC IUCN Northern coasts of French Guyana and Suriname, northern Guyana, and eastern Venezuela Diopsittaca nobilis -pet-2-4c.JPG
Genus Guaruba Lesson, 1830 – one species
Common name Scientific name IUCN Red List Status Range Picture
Golden parakeet G. guarouba
Gmelin, 1788
gVU Southern border of the Amazon rainforest in Brazil, but regionally extinct near the coast Guaruba guarouba -Gramado Zoo, Brazil-8a.jpg
Genus Conuropsis Salvadori, 1891 – one species
Common name Scientific name IUCN Red List Status Range Picture
Carolina parakeet C. carolinensis
Linnaeus, 1758
aEX IUCN Formerly the eastern and southern United States Conuropsis carolinensis (Carolina parakeet).jpg
Genus Cyanopsitta Bonaparte, 1854 – one species
Common name Scientific name IUCN Red List Status Range Picture
Spix's macaw C. spixii
Wagler, 1832
CR IUCN Central eastern Brazil Cyanopsitta spixii - Museum fur Naturkunde, Berlin - DSC00194.JPG
Genus Orthopsittaca Ridgway, 1912 – one species
Common name Scientific name IUCN Red List Status Range Picture
Red-bellied macaw O. manilatus
Boddaert, 1783
LC IUCN Orthopsittaca manilat.png Orthopsittaca manilata -Brazil-6.jpg
Genus Ara de Lacépède, 1799 – nine species
Common name Scientific name IUCN Red List Status Range Picture
Great green macaw A. ambiguus
Bechstein, 1811
EN IUCN Ara ambigua distribution cropped.jpg Ara ambiguus -captive-8a.jpg
Blue-and-yellow macaw A. ararauna
Linnaeus, 1758
LC IUCN Distribution Ara ararauna.svg Blue-and-Yellow-Macaw.jpg
Red-and-green macaw A. chloropterus
Gray, 1859
LC IUCN Distribution Ara chloropterus.svg Ara chloropterus -Birmingham Zoo, Alabama, USA-8a.jpg
Blue-throated macaw A. glaucogularis
Dabbene, 1921
CR IUCN Glaucogulari area.png Ara glaucogularis -Cincinnati Zoo-8a.jpg
Scarlet macaw A. macao
Linnaeus, 1758
LC IUCN Distribution Ara macao.svg Scarlet-Macaw-cr.jpg
Military macaw A. militaris
Linnaeus, 1766
gVU IUCN Ara militarisVC-s.jpg Ara militaris -London Zoo-8a.jpg
Red-fronted macaw A. rubrogenys
de Lafresnaye, 1847
eEN IUCN Rubrogenys area.png Ara rubrogenys -Tulsa Zoo, Oklahoma, USA-8a-3c.jpg
Chestnut-fronted macaw A. severus
Linnaeus, 1758
LC IUCN Ara severus distribution.svg Chestnut-fronted Macaw (Ara severa) -Southwicks Zoo c.jpg
Cuban macaw A. tricolor
Bechstein
aEX IUCN Formerly Cuba and Isla de la Juventud until 1885 A. tricolor.jpg
Genus Primolius Bonaparte, 1857 – three species
Common name Scientific name IUCN Red List Status Range Picture
Golden-collared macaw P. auricollis
Cassin, 1853
LC IUCN P auricollis.png Primolius auricollis -Panaewa Rainforest Zoo, Hawaii, USA -two-8a.jpg
Blue-headed macaw P. couloni
Sclater, 1876
gVU IUCN Southern Peru east of the Andes, and the along the northern Bolivia/Brazil and Bolivia/Peru borders Primolius couloni -captive-8a-3cp.jpg
Blue-winged macaw P. maracana
Vieillot, 1816</small
iNT IUCN Area.png Primolius maracana -two captive-8a.jpg
Genus Aratinga von Spix, 1824 – six species
Common name Scientific name IUCN Red List Status Range Picture
Golden-capped parakeet A. auricapillus
Kuhl, 1820
iNT IUCN Scattered populations in southeast Brazil, north of São Paulo Aratinga auricapillus -Jurong Bird Park -8a.jpg
Jandaya parakeet A. jandaya
Gmelin, 1788
LC IUCN Eastern Brazil Aratinga Jandaya -in tree-8.jpg
Sulphur-breasted parakeet A. maculata
Müller, 1776
LC IUCN Scattered populations in Pará and Amapá (states in Brazil) Aratinga pintoi.jpg
Nanday parakeet A. nenday
Vieillot, 1823
LC IUCN Central Paraguay, spilling over to the southeastern Bolivia/Brazil border 2011-4 parrot in Strasbourg.jpg
Sun parakeet A. solstitialis
Linnaeus, 1758
eEN IUCN Northwest Roraima (a state in Brazil), and along the Brazil/Guyana border Aratinga solstitialis -captive-two-8a.jpg
Dusky-headed parakeet A. weddellii
Deville, 1851/small>
LC IUCN Eastern South America, east of the Andes, south of the Colombia/Peru border, and north of central Bolivia Aratinga weddellii -Beale Park, Reading, Berkshire, England-8a-4c.jpg
Genus Eupsittula Bonaparte, 1853 – six species
Common name Scientific name IUCN Red List Status Range Picture
Aztec parrot E. astec
de Souancé, 1857
LC IUCN Middle America along the Caribbean Sea Aztec Parakeet (Aratinga astec) -Guatemala-8-2c.jpg
Peach-fronted parakeet E. aurea
Gmelin, 1788
LC IUCN Brazil (excluding northwest Brazil), eastern Bolivia, and central Paraguay Aratinga aurea -Brazil-8-4c.jpg
Caatinga parakeet E. cactorum
kuhl, 1820
LC IUCN The Caatinga region in Brazil Aratinga cactorum -Brazil-8-2c.jpg
Orange-fronted parakeet E. canicularis
Linnaeus, 1758
LC IUCN Middle America bordering the Pacific Ocean (excluding the Gulf of California), and introduced to Puerto Rico Aratinga canicularis -Costa Rica-8-2c.JPG
Jamaican parakeet E. nana
Vigors, 1830
iNT IUCN Jamaica Jamaican Parakeet.jpg
Brown-throated parakeet E. pertinax
Linnaeus, 1758
LC IUCN Northern South America and Panama, introduced to the British Virgin Islands and Dominica
Mainland phenotype left, Antillean phenotype right
Genus Psittacara Vigors, 1837 – 12 species
Common name Scientific name IUCN Red List Status Range Picture
Blue-crowned parakeet P. acuticaudatus
Vieillot, 1818
LC IUCN Northern Venezuela, southwest Bolivia, Paraguay, northern Argentina (west of the Andes and excluding the coast), and the Caatinga Aratinga acuticaudata -San Isidro -Bolivia -eating-8.jpg
Hispaniolan parakeet P. chloropterus
de Souancé, 1856
gVU IUCN Scattered areas in Hispaniola Haitisittich Psittacara chloropterus chloropterus.JPG
Red-masked parakeet P. erythrogenys
Lesson, 1844
iNT IUCN Ecuador and northern Peru, west of the Andes mountains Red-masked Parakeet-Aratinga erythrogenys in a tree.jpg
Cuban parakeet P. euops
Wagler, 1832
gVU IUCN Scattered areas in Cuba Cuban Parakeet (Aratinga euops) -in tree-6-4c.jpg
Finsch's parakeet P. finschi
Salvin, 1871
LC IUCN Costa Rica, Nicaragua, and western Panama (along the Pacific Ocean) Crimson-fronted parakeet Osa.JPG
Cordilleran parakeet P. frontatus
Cabanis, 1846
iNT IUCN Peru west of the Andes mountains
Green parakeet P. holochlorus
Sclater, 1859
LC IUCN Mexico east of the Sierra Madre Oriental and west of the Sierra Madre Occidental, and Honduras and Guatemala bordering the Pacific Ocean Green Parakeet -in tree -South Texas-8.jpg
Guadeloupe parakeet P. labati
Rothschild, 1905
aEX IUCN Formerly Guadeloupe until the mid-18th century Extinctbirds1907 P16 Conurus labati0313-cropped.jpg
White-eyed parakeet P. leucophthalmus
Müller, 1776
LC IUCN Central South America and the northeaster coast Aratinga leucophthalma -Piraju -Brazil-8.jpg
Mitred parakeet P. mitratus
von Tschudi, 1844
LC IUCN Andes mountains in Bolivia, southern Peru, and northern Argentina Mitred Parakeet Florida.jpg
Red-throated parakeet P. rubritorquis
Sclater, 1887
LC IUCN Honduras, southern Guatemala, and northern Nicaragua, excluding the coasts Aratinga rubritorquis -Honduras-6.jpg
Scarlet-fronted parakeet P. wagleri
Gray, 1845
iNT IUCN Andes mountains in Colombia and Venezuela Aratinga wagleri -Jurong BirdPark-4.jpg
Genus Pionites (caiques) Heine, 1890 – four species
Common name Scientific name IUCN Red List Status Range Picture
Green-thighed parrot P. leucogaster
Kuhl, 1820
eEN IUCN North central Brazil Pionites leucogaster -Parque de las Aves -Foz de Iguazu-6a-4c.jpg
Black-legged parrot P. xanthomerius
Sclater
LC IUCN Northern Bolivia, eastern Peru, and western Brazil around the Peru/Brazil and Bolivia/Brazil borders Pionites leucogaster - pet perching near books.jpg
Yellow-tailed parrot P. xanthurus
Todd, 1925
gVU IUCN Northwest Brazil
Black-headed parrot P. melanocephalus
Linnaeus, 1758
LC IUCN Pionites melanocepha.png Pionites melanocephalus -Jurong Bird Park-8a.jpg
Genus Deroptyus Wagler, 1832 – one species
Common name Scientific name IUCN Red List Status Range Picture
Red-fan parrot D. accipitrinus
Linnaeus, 1758
LC IUCN Deroptyus accipitrinu.png Deroptyus accipitrinus or Red-fan Parrot on ground.jpg
Tribe Forpini
Genus Forpus Bonaparte, 1857 – eight species
Common name Scientific name IUCN Red List Status Range Picture
Pacific parrotlet F. coelestis
Lesson, 1847
LC IUCN Ecuador and northern Peru, west of the Andes mountains Forpus coelestis -Peru -male-8-2c.jpg
Spectacled parrotlet F. conspicillatus
de Lafresnaye, 1848
LC IUCN Northern Colombia and eastern Panama Forpus conspicillatus -Colombia -pair-8-3c.jpg
Mexican parrotlet F. cyanopygius
de Souancé, 1856
iNT IUCN Sierra Madre Occidental
Dusky-billed parrotlet F. modestus
Cabanis, 1849
LC IUCN Northern Bolivia, northern and eastern Peru, southern Colombia, western Brazil, and the mouth of the Amazon river Forpus sclateri - Dusky-billed Parrotlet 01.JPG
Green-rumped parrotlet F. passerinus
Linnaeus, 1766
LC IUCN Northern Atlantic coast of South America, and introduced to Barbados and Jamaica Forpus passerinus-Venezuela-8a.jpg
Turquoise-winged parrotlet Forpus spengeli
Hartlaub, 1885
LC IUCN Pacific coast of Colombia
Yellow-faced parrotlet F. xanthops
Salvin, 1895
gVU IUCN Marañón Valley, Peru Forpus xanthops -AFA show bird-8a.jpg
Blue-winged parrotlet F. xanthopterygius
Taczanowski, 1883
LC IUCN Eastern Brazil, central Bolivia, and Peru east of the Andes mountains Forpus xanthopterygius -Goias, Brazil -male-8.jpg
Tribe Amoropsittacini
Genus Psilopsiagon Ridgway, 1912 – two species
Common name Scientific name IUCN Red List Status Range Picture
Mountain parakeet P. aurifrons
Lesson, 1830
LC IUCN Andes mountains in Peru, Bolivia, and Argentina Psilopsiagon a aurifrons-Male-JMM-SBartolo Zarate-DSC 0510-20111030.jpg
Gray-hooded parakeet P. aymara
d'Orbigny, 1839
LC IUCN Andes mountains in Bolivia and Argentina Psilopsiagon aymara -Capilla del Monte -four-8.jpg
Genus Bolborhynchus Bonaparte, 1857 – three species
Common name Scientific name IUCN Red List Status Range Picture
Rufous-fronted parakeet B. ferrugineifrons
Lawrence, 1880
gVU IUCN Andes mountains in southern Colombia
Barred parakeet B. lineola
Cassin, 1853
LC IUCN Andes mountains excluding those in Chile and Argentina, and the mountains of Central America Bolborhynchus lineola -captive-8a.jpg
Andean parakeet B. orbygnesius
de Souancé, 1853
LC IUCN Andes mountains of Bolivia and Peru BolborhynchusAndicolaKeulemans.jpg
Genus Nannopsittaca Ridgway, 1912 – two species
Common name Scientific name IUCN Red List Status Range Picture
Manu parrotlet N. dachilleae
O'Neill, Munn, and Franke, 1991
iNT IUCN Southern Peru, north of the Andes mountains, along the Peru/Bolivia border
Tepui parrotlet N. panychlora
Salvin and Godman, 1883
LC IUCN Scattered in southern Venezuela BrotogerysMicrocerculusKeulemans.jpg
on top
Genus Touit Gray, 1855 – eight species
Common name Scientific name IUCN Red List Status Range Picture
Lilac-tailed parrotlet T. batavicus
Boddaert, 1783
LC IUCN Northern Guyana, Suriname, and French Guiana Lilac-tailed Parrotlet.JPG
Scarlet-shouldered parrotlet T. huetii
Temminck, 1830
gVU IUCN Andes mountains in Peru and Ecuador, western Venezuela, northern Guyana, and north central Brazil Touit huetii -Napo Wildlife Centre, Yasuni National Park, Ecuador -clay lick-6.jpg
Red-fronted parrotlet T. costaricensis
Cory, 1913
gVU IUCN Mountains of Costa Rica and western Panama
Blue-fronted parrotlet T. dilectissimus
Sclater and Salvin, 1871
LC IUCN Ecuador and Colombia west of the Andes mountains UrochromaDilectissimaSmit.jpg
Brown-backed parrotlet T. melanonotus
Wied-Neuwied, 1820
eEN IUCN Southeast coast of Brazil Touit melanonota -Ubatuba, Sao Paulo, Brazil-8.jpg
Sapphire-rumped parrotlet T. purpuratus
Gmelin, 1788
LC IUCN Northeast South America, stretching to the Peru/Colombia/Ecuador border
Spot-winged parrotlet T. stictopterus
Sclater, 1862
gVU IUCN Andes mountains in Ecuador UrochromaStictopteraWolf.jpg
Golden-tailed parrotlet T. surdus
Kuhl, 1820
gVU IUCN Coast of Brazil, excluding the northeast coast
Tribe Androglossini
Main article: Androglossini
Genus Pionopsitta Bonaparte, 1854 – one species
Common name Scientific name IUCN Red List Status Range Picture
Pileated parrot P. pileata
Scopili, 1769
LC IUCN Southern Paraguay, and the southeast coast of Brazil Pileated Parrot.jpg
Genus Triclaria Wagler, 1832 – one species
Common name Scientific name IUCN Red List Status Range Picture
Blue-bellied parrot T. malachitacea
von Spix, 1824
iNT IUCN Fragmented populations near Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo, and Rio Grande do Sul Triclaria malachitacea -two captive-8a.jpg
Genus Pyrilia Bonaparte, 1856 – seven species
Common name Scientific name IUCN Red List Status Range Picture
Bald parrot P. aurantiocephala
Gaban-Lima, Raposo, and Hofling, 2002
iNT IUCN Lower Madeira and Upper Tapajós rivers Bald parrot.JPG
Orange-cheeked parrot P. barrabandi
Kuhl, 1820
iNT IUCN Northwest South America east of the Andes mountains Pyrilia barrabandi -Napo Wildlife Reserve-4.jpg
Caica parrot P. caica
Latham, 1790
iNT IUCN Roraima, Pará, French Guiana, Suriname, Guyana, and eastern Venezuela Pyrilia caica - Caica Parrot.JPG
Brown-hooded parrot P. haematotis
Sclater and Salvin, 1860
LC IUCN Central America, excluding the mountain ranges Brown-hooded Parrot 2 Eduardo Rivero.jpg
Rose-faced parrot P. pulchra
von Berlepsch, 1897
LC IUCN Ecuador and Colombia west of the Andes mountains
Saffron-headed parrot P. pyrilia
Bonaparte, 1853
iNT IUCN Andes mountains in Colombia and western Venezuela Saffron-headed Parrot (Pyrilia pyrilia) (8079746799).jpg
Vulturine parrot P. vulturina
Kuhl, 1820
gVU IUCN Pará south of the Amazon river
Genus Pionus Wagler, 1832 – nine species
Common name Scientific name IUCN Red List Status Range Picture
Bronze-winged parrot P. chalcopterus
Fraser, 1841
LC IUCN Andes mountains in Ecuador, Colombia, and Venezuela Bronze-winged Parrot (Pionus chalcopterus).jpg
Dusky parrot P. fuscus
Müller, 1776
LC IUCN Northeast South America and along the Colombia/Venezuela border west of Lake Maracaibo Pionus fuscus-0.jpg
Scaly-headed parrot P. maximiliani
Kuhl, 1820
LC IUCN Paraguay, southern Brazil, and east and central Bolivia Pionus maximiliani -pet-4a.jpg
Blue-headed parrot P. menstruus
Linnaeus, 1776
LC IUCN Northern and central South America, excluding the Andes Pionus menstruus -La Senda Verde Animal Refuge -Bolivia-8c.jpg
Blue-breasted parrot P. reichenowi
Heine, 1884
LC IUCN Southern coast of Brazil north of Rio de Janeiro
White-crowned parrot P. senilis
von Spix, 1824
LC IUCN Central America bordering the Caribbean Sea and the Sierra Madre Oriental Pionus senilis -Macaw Mountain Bird Park, Honduras-8a-3c.jpg
White-capped parrot P. seniloides
Massena and de Souancé, 1854
LC IUCN Andes mountains in Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, and northern Peru
Red-billed parrot P. sordidus
Linnaeus, 1758
LC IUCN Andes mountains in Bolivia, Venezuela, Ecuador, northern Peru, and southern Colombia Pionus sordidus -two captive-4a.jpg
Speckle-faced parrot P. tumultuosus
von Tschudi, 1844
LC IUCN Andes mountains in southern Peru and northern Bolivia Pionus tumultuosus -La Merced Zoo-2a-2.jpg
Genus Graydidascalus Bonaparte, 1854 – one species
Common name Scientific name IUCN Red List Status Range Picture
Short-tailed parrot G. brachyurus
Kuhl, 1820
LC IUCN Along the Amazon river Peruvian Indians with Short-tailed Parrot-6-4cp.jpg
Genus Alipiopsitta Caparroz and Pacheco, 2006 – one species
Common name Scientific name IUCN Red List Status Range Picture
Yellow-faced parrot A. xanthops
von Spix, 1824
iNT IUCN Central Brazil south of the Amazon Papagaio-galego.jpg
Genus Amazona (Amazon parrots) Lesson, 1830 – 36 species
Common name Scientific name IUCN Red List Status Range Picture
Blue-fronted amazon A. aestiva
Linnaeus, 1758
LC IUCN Paraguay, western Bolivia, northern Argentina, southern Brazil Turquoise-fronted amazon (Amazona aestiva) older adult.JPG
Black-billed amazon A. agilis
Linnaeus, 1758
VU IUCN Central Jamaica Amazona agilis -Cockpit Country, Jamaica-8 (1).jpg
White-fronted amazon A. albifrons
Sparrman, 1788
LC IUCN Northwest Costa Rica, western Nicaragua, western Honduras, Wwestern Mexico, and the Yucatán Peninsula White-fronted amazon (Amazona albifrons) 1.jpeg
Orange-winged amazon A. amazonica
Linnaeus, 1766
LC IUCN Northern South America and the southeast coast of Brazil Amazona amazonica (1).jpg
Red-necked amazon A. arausiaca
Müller, 1776
gVU IUCN Central Dominica Amazona arausiaca -Roseau -Dominica -aviary-6a-4c.jpg
Yellow-naped amazon A. auropalliata
Lesson, 1842<
gVU IUCN Pacific coast of Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, northern Costa Rica, and southern Mexico Amazona auropalliata -Roatan Tropical Butterfly Garden-8a.jpg
Red-lored amazon A. autumnalis
Linnaeus, 1758
LC IUCN Central America, northern Colombia, and the Sierra Madre Oriental Amazona autumnalis -Xcaret theme park -Riviera Maya-8a.jpg
Yellow-shouldered amazon A. barbadensis
Gmelin, 1788
gVU IUCN Margarita Island, Blanquilla Island, Curaçao, Bonaire, and northern Venezuela Amazona barbadensis -pet-4.jpg
Northern Festive Amazon A. bodini
Finsch, 1873
iNT IUCN Along the Orinoco River Amazona festiva bodini -Tulsa Zoo-8a.jpg
Red-tailed amazon A. brasiliensis
Linnaeus, 1758
gVU IUCN Southern coast of São Paulo Amazona brasiliensis 001 1280.jpg
Yellow-billed amazon A. collaria
Linnaeus, 1758
gVU IUCN Jamaica Amazona collaria -St. Andrew -Jamaica-8a.jpg
Diademed amazon A. diadema
von Spix, 1824
eEN IUCN Northeast Amazonas Amazona diadema (26728838050).jpg
Blue-cheeked amazon A. dufresniana
Shaw, 1812
iNT IUCN Suriname, French Guiana, Guyana, and east Venezuela Amazona dufresniana -two captive-8a.jpg
Mealy amazon A. farinosa
Boddaert, 1783
iNT IUCN North central South America, excluding the Andes, and the southwest coast of Brazil Mealy Parrot, Peru.jpg
Southern festive amazon A. festiva
Linnaeus, 1758
iNT IUCN Along the Amazon river Amazona festiva-8.jpg
Lilac-crowned amazon A. finschi
Sclater, 1864
eEN IUCN Pacific coast of Mexico Amazona finschi -Xcaret Eco Park -Mexico-8a.jpg
Northern Mealy amazon A. guatemalae
Sclater, 1860
iNT IUCN Caribbean coast of Central America, excluding Panama and the Yucatán Peninsula Guatemalaamazone Amazona farinosa guatemalae.JPG
Saint Vincent amazon A. guildingii
Vigors, 1837
VU IUCN Northeast St Vincent and the Grenadines Amazona guildingii -Botanical Gardens -Kingstown -Saint Vincent-8a-4c.jpg
Imperial amazon A. imperialis
Richmond, 1899
eEN IUCN Dominica Amazona imperialis Mitchell.jpg
Kawall's amazon A. kawalli
Grantsau and Camargo, 1989
iNT IUCN Southern Amazonas and eastern Pará Amazona kawalli JJK'1.jpg
Cuban amazon A. leucocephala
Linnaeus, 1758
iNT IUCN Cuba, the Isle of Pines, Abaco Islands, Great Inagua, and the Cayman Islands Amazona leucocephala -in tree-4cp.jpg
Lilacine amazon A. lilacina
Lesson, 1844
eEN IUCN Ecuador west of the Andes mountains Amazona autumnalis lilacina -Chester Zoo -a pair-8a.jpg
Martinique amazon A. martinicana
Clark, 1905
aEX IUCN Formerly Martinique until 1779 Amazona martinicana.png
Scaly-naped amazon A. mercenarius
von Tschudi, 1844
LC IUCN Andes mountains in Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and northern Bolivia Amazona mercenaria -Ecuador -Andes-8-4c.jpg
Yellow-crowned amazon A. ochrocephala
Gmelin, 1788
LC IUCN Northern South America, east of the Andes Yellow-crowned Amazon (Amazona ochrocephala) -Well Place Zoo-4c.jpg
Yellow-headed amazon A. oratrix
Ridgway, 1887
eEN IUCN Scattered coastal areas of southern Mexico Amazona oratrix -eating in tree-8.jpg
Red-spectacled amazon A. pretrei
Temminck, 1830
gVU IUCN Scattered populations in central Rio Grande do Sul Amazona pretrei -Brazil-8.jpg
Red-browed amazon A. rhodocorytha
Salvadori, 1890
eEN IUCN Scattered populations along the southeast coastline of Brazil Amazona rhodocorytha -RSCF-8a.jpg
Tucumán amazon A. tucumana
Cabanis, 1885
gVU IUCN Andes mountains in northern Argentina and southern Bolivia Amazona tucumana -Loro Parque -Spain-8a-4cr.jpg
Hispaniolan amazon A. ventralis
Müller, 1776
gVU IUCN Hispaniola, Grande Cayemite, Gonâve, Beata, and Saona Island, and introduced to Puerto Rico, St Croix, and St. Thomas Island Amazona ventralis -two captive-8a.jpg
Saint Lucia amazon A. versicolor
Müller, 1776
gVU IUCN St Lucia Amazona versicolor -St Lucia-5a.jpg
Vinaceous-breasted amazon A. vinacea
Kuhl, 1820
eEN IUCN Distribuicao-geografica-amazona-vinacea.png Amazona vinacea -two captive-8a.jpg
Guadeloupe amazon A. violacea
Gmelin, 1789
aEX IUCN Formerly Guadeloupe until 1779 Amazona violacea.png
Red-crowned amazon A. viridigenalis
Cassin, 1853
eEN IUCN Sierra Madre Occidental Red Crowned Amazon.jpg
Puerto Rican amazon A. vittata
Boddaert, 1783
CR IUCN Amazona vittata range.PNG
Former range left, current range right
Puerto Rican parrot.jpg
Yucatán amazon A. xantholora
Gray, 1859
LC IUCN Yucatán Peninsula Amazona xantholora -Xcaret Eco Park -Mexico-8b.jpg
Genus Hapalopsittaca Ridgway, 1912 – four species
Common name Scientific name IUCN Red List Status Range Picture
Rusty-faced parrot H. amazonina
des Murs, 1845
gVU IUCN Andes mountains in Colombia and Venezuela Hapalopsittaca amazonina 1849.jpg
Fuertes's parrot H. fuertesi
Chapman, 1912
CR IUCN Andes mountains in central Colombia
Black-winged parrot H. melanotis
de Lafresnaye, 1847
LC IUCN Andes mountains in northern Bolivia and central Peru Hapalopsittaca melanotis 1849.jpg
Red-faced parrot H. pyrrhops
Salvin, 1876
gVU IUCN Andes mountains in southern Ecuador PionopsittacusPyrrhopsKeulemans.jpg
Genus Brotogeris Vigors, 1825 – eight species
Common name Scientific name IUCN Red List Status Range Picture
Yellow-chevroned parakeet B. chiriri
Vieillot, 1818
LC IUCN Southern Brazil, eastern Bolivia and Paraguay, and introduced to California around Los Angeles and San Francisco, and southern Florida Yellow-chevroned parakeet 1 BH Zoo.jpg
Golden-winged parakeet B. chrysoptera
Linnaeus, 1766
LC IUCN French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname, eastern Venezuela, and northeast Brazil Golden-winged parakeet (Brotogeris chrysoptera).JPG
Cobalt-winged parakeet B. cyanoptera
Salvadori, 1891
LC IUCN Northwest South America, east of the Andes mountains Cobalt-winged Parakeets (Brotogeris cyanoptera).jpg
Orange-chinned parakeet B. jugularis
Müller, 1776
LC IUCN Panama, Costa Rica, Nicaragua, southern El Salvador and Guatemala, northern Colombia, and northwest Venezuela Brotogeris jugularis -UCV -Maracay -Venezuela-8.jpg
Grey-cheeked parakeet B. pyrrhoptera
Latham, 1801
eEN IUCN Ecuador, west of the Andes mountains Periquito macareño (Brotogeris pyrrhoptera), Quito, Ecuador, 2015-07-22, DD 180.JPG
Tui parakeet B. sanctithomae
Müller, 1776
LC IUCN Northern Bolivia, eastern Peru, and along the Amazon river in Brazil Brotogeris sanctithomae -Uarini, Amazonas, Brasil-8.jpg
Plain parakeet B. tirica
Gmelin, 1788
LC IUCN Southern coast of Brazil Brotogeris tirica -Morretes, Parana, Brazil-8.jpg
White-winged parakeet B. versicolurus
Müller, 1776
LC IUCN Along the Amazon river, and introduced to California around Los Angeles and San Francisco Brotogeris versicolurus -Leticia -Colombia-6.jpg
Genus Myiopsitta Bonaparte, 1854 – two species
Common name Scientific name IUCN Red List Status Range Picture
Cliff parakeet M. luchsi
Finsch, 1868
LC IUCN Andes mountains in Bolivia MyopsittacusLuchsiKeulemans.jpg
Monk parakeet M. monachus
Boddaert, 1783
LC IUCN Paraguay, Uruguay, and eastern Argentina, introduced to Puerto Rico, Guadeloupe, Japan, Virgin Islands, the southern and eastern United States, and western Europe Myiopsitta monachus -Punta del Diablo, Rocha, Uruguay-8.jpg

Family Psittaculidae[edit]

Subfamily Platycercinae[edit]

Main article: Platycercinae
Tribe Platycercini (broad-tailed parrots)
Main article: Platycercini
Genus Platycercus (rosellas) Vigors, 1825 – six species
Common name Scientific name IUCN Red List Status Range Picture
Western rosella P. icterotis
Kuhl, 1820
LC IUCN Southwest Australia [28] Platycercus icterotis1.jpg
Crimson rosella P. elegans
Gmelin, 1788
LC IUCN Platycercus elegans range.png Platycercus elegans Wilsons Prom.jpg
Green rosella P. caledonicus
Gmelin, 1788
LC IUCN Tasmania and the Bass Strait islands [29] Platycercus caledonicus -Tasmania -side-8.jpg
Pale-headed rosella P. adscitus
Latham, 1790
LC IUCN Cape York Peninsula and northeastern New South Wales [30] Pale-headed Rosella (Platycercus adscitus)2-4c.jpg
Eastern rosella P. eximius
Shaw, 1792
LC IUCN Eastern Australia and Tasmania, naturalized in New Zealand [31] Platycercus eximius diemenensis female.jpg
Northern rosella P. venustus
Kuhl, 1820
LC IUCN Western half of the Gulf of Carpentaria to the Kimberley [32] Platycercus venustus -two captive-6a.jpg
Genus Prosopeia (shining parrots) Bonaparte, 1854 – three species
Common name Scientific name IUCN Red List Status Range Picture
Masked shining parrot P. personata
Gray, 1848
iNT IUCN Viti Levu, the largest island of Fiji Stavenn Prosopeia personata.jpg
Maroon shining parrot P. tabuensis,
Gmelin, 1788
LC IUCN Vanua Levu and Taveuni, which are two islands of Fiji Red Shining-parrot.jpg
Crimson shining parrot P. splendens,
Peale, 1848
gVU IUCN Kadavu and Ono, which are part of the Kadavu Group in Fiji Naturalis Biodiversity Center - ZMA.AVES.184 - Prosopeia splendens Peale, 1848 - Psittacidae - skin specimen.jpeg
Genus Eunymphicus Peters, 1937 – two species
Common name Scientific name IUCN Red List Status Range Picture
Horned parakeet E. cornutus,
Gmelin, 1788
gVU IUCN New Caledonia Horned Parakeet 3487 Copyright TP ONG.JPG
Ouvea parakeet E. uvaeensis
Layard, 1882
eEN IUCN Uvea, an island of Loyalty Islands, and New Caledonia Uvea Parakeet.JPG
Genus Cyanoramphus Bonaparte, 1854 – seven species
Common name Scientific name IUCN Red List Status Range Picture
Yellow-crowned parakeet C. auriceps
Kuhl, 1820
iNT IUCN New Zealand, Stewart Island, and Auckland Island Kakaariki.jpg
Malherbe's parakeet C. malherbi
de Souancé, 1857
CR IUCN South Island (of New Zealand) Cyanoramphus malherbi.jpg
Red-crowned parakeet C. novaezelandiae
Sparrman, 1787
iNT IUCN New Zealand and several nearby islands, New Caledonia, and Norfolk Island Cyanoramphus novaezelandiae -Nga Manu Nature Reserve, Waikanae, New Zealand-8.jpg
Society parakeet C. ulietanus
Gmelin, 1789
aEX IUCN Formerly Raiatea, and island of the Society Islands in French Polynesia until 1777
Antipodes parakeet C. unicolor
Lear, 1831
gVU IUCN Antipodes Islands of New Zealand Cyanoramphus unicolor, Pengo.jpg
Black-fronted parakeet C. zealandicus
Latham, 1790
aEX IUCN Formerly Tahiti and French Polynesia until 1844 Cyanoramphus zealandicus 1849.jpg
Genus Barnardius Bonaparte 1854 – one species
Common name Scientific name IUCN Red List Status Range Picture
Australian ringneck B. zonarius
Shaw, 1805
LC IUCN Australian mainland, excluding the northern and eastern coasts Port Lincoln parrot at Augusta profile.jpg
Genus Purpureicephalus Bonaparte 1854 – one species
Common name Scientific name IUCN Red List Status Range Picture
Red-capped parrot P. spurius
Kuhl, 1820
LC IUCN Southwestern tip of Australia Red-Capped-Parrot 0004 flat web.jpg
Genus Lathamus Lesson 1830 – one species
Common name Scientific name IUCN Red List Status Range Picture
Swift parrot L. discolor
White 1790
CR IUCN Swift Parrot Range.png Lathamus discolor -Antwerp Zoo-8-3c.jpg
Genus Northiella Mathews 1912 – one species
Common name Scientific name IUCN Red List Status Range Picture
Eastern bluebonnet N. haematogaster
Gould, 1838
LC IUCN New South Wales and into Southern Australia and the southeastern corner of West Australia Bluebonnet-back.jpg
Genus Psephotus Gould 1845 – five species
Common name Scientific name IUCN Red List Status Range Picture
Red-rumped parrot P. haematonotus
Gould, 1838
LC IUCN New South Wales and southern Queensland Psephotus haematonotus -Eastern Creek, New South Wales, Australia -pair-8.jpg
Mulga parrot P. varius
Clark, 1910
LC IUCN Southern and central Australia Mulpa 0998w.JPG
Hooded parrot P. dissimilis
Collett, 1898
LC IUCN Northern Territory Psephotus dissimilis -Australia -pair-8.jpg
Golden-shouldered parrot P. chrysopterygius
Gould, 1858
eEN IUCN Cape York Peninsula Captive Golden shouldered parrot pair..jpg
Paradise parrot P. pulcherrimus
Gould, 1845
aEX IUCN Formerly eastern Australia until 1928 Psephotus pulcherrimus.jpg
Tribe Pezoporini
Bonaparte, 1837
Main article: Pezoporini
Genus Neophema Salvadori 1891 – six species
Common name Scientific name IUCN Red List Status Range Picture
Blue-winged parrot N. chrysostoma
Kuhl, 1820
LC IUCN Western New South Wales, eastern Southern Australia, and a resident population in Tasmania and the southern coast of New South Wales Neophema chrysostoma mortimer 2.jpg
Elegant parrot N. elegans
Gould, 1837
LC IUCN Elegant Parrot.png Neophema elegans qtl1.jpg
Rock parrot N. petrophila
Gould, 1841
LC IUCN Spencer Gulf, Peron Peninsula, and the southwest coast of West Australia Rock Parrot Cape Leeuwin 2 email.jpg
Orange-bellied parrot N. chrysogaster
Latham, 1790
CR IUCN Melaleuca, Tasmania and they spend winter in the southern coast of New South Wales Neophema chrysogaster male - Melaleuca.jpg
Turquoise parrot N. pulchella
Shaw, 1792
LC IUCN Turpuoiseparrotrangemap.png Neophema pulchella -Rainbow Jungle -Australia-8a.jpg
Scarlet-chested parrot N. splendida
Gould, 1841
LC IUCN Large patches in the southern half of Australia Scarlet Chested Parakeet.jpg
Genus Neopsephotus Mathews 1912 – one species
Common name Scientific name IUCN Red List Status Range Picture
Bourke's parrot N. bourkii
Gould, 1841
LC IUCN Western and South Australia, and central Australia Bourke's Parrot - Neopsephotus bourkii.jpg
Genus Pezoporus Illiger 1811 – two species
Common name Scientific name IUCN Red List Status Range Picture
Night parrot P. occidentalis
Gould, 1861
eEN IUCN Night-Parrot-dist.svg
Known locations since 1950
Pezoporus occidentalis.jpg
Eastern ground parrot P. wallicus
Kerr, 1792
LC IUCN Pezoporus-dist.svg
in orange
Ground Parrot cooloolah.jpg

Subfamily Psittacellinae[edit]

Main article: Psittacellinae
Genus Psittacella (tiger parrots) Schlegel 1871 – four species
Common name Scientific name IUCN Red List Status Range Picture
Madarasz's tiger parrot P. madaraszi
Meyer, 1886
LC IUCN New Guinea Highlands
Modest tiger parrot P. modesta
Schlegel, 1873
LC IUCN New Guinea Highlands
Painted tiger parrot P. picta
Rothschild, 1896
LC IUCN New Guinea Highlands on the Papua New Guinea side PsittacellaPictaKeulemans.jpg
Brehm's tiger parrot P. brehmii
Schlegel, 1872
LC IUCN New Guinea Highlands Psittacella brehmii.jpg

Subfamily Loriinae[edit]

Main article: Loriinae
Tribe Loriini
Selby, 1836
Genus Chalcopsitta Bonaparte 1850 – four species
Common name Scientific name IUCN Red List Status Range Picture
Black lory C. atra
Scopoli, 1786
LC IUCN West Papua Black lory (Chalcopsitta atra), Gembira Loka Zoo, Yogyakarta 2015-03-15 03.jpg
Brown lory C. duivenbodei
Dubois, 1884
LC IUCN Northern New Guinea Brown Lory (Chalcopsitta duivenbodei)-7.jpg
Yellowish-streaked lory C. scintillata
Temminck, 1835
LC IUCN New Guinea, south of the New Guinea Highlands Chalcopsitta sintillata -Fuengirola Zoo-8-1c.jpg
Cardinal lory C. cardinalis
Gray, 1849
LC IUCN Solomon Islands Chalcopsitta cardinalis -Busch Gardens, Tampa Bay, USA -upper body-8a.jpg
Genus Eos Wagler 1832 – six species
Common name Scientific name IUCN Red List Status Range Picture
Black-winged lory E. cyanogenia
Bonaparte, 1850
gVU IUCN Schouten Islands BlackWingedLorikeet.jpg
Violet-necked lory E. squamata
Boddaert, 1783
LC IUCN North Maluku Violet Necked Lory.jpg
Blue-streaked lory E. reticulata
Müller, 1841
iNT IUCN Banda Sea islands Eos reticulata-20040821B.jpg
Red-and-blue lory E. histrio
Müller, 1776
eEN IUCN Talaud Islands Eos histrio talautensis -Loro Parque, Tenerife, Spain-8a-4c.jpg
Red lory E. bornea
Linnaeus, 1758
LC IUCN Seram Island, an island of the Maluka archipelago between the Banda and Ceram seas Eos bornea-20051118.jpg
Blue-eared lory E. semilarvata
Bonaparte, 1850
LC IUCN Central Pulua Seram, and island of the Maluka archipelago between the Banda and Ceram seas Eos semilarvata -San Diego Zoo-5.jpg
Genus Pseudeos Peters 1935 – one species
Common name Scientific name IUCN Red List Status Range Picture
Dusky lory P. fuscata
Blyth, 1858
LC IUCN New Guinea Dusky lory (Pseudeos fuscata), Gembira Loka Zoo, Yogyakarta, 2015-03-15 03.jpg
Genus Trichoglossus Stephens 1826 – seven species
Common name Scientific name IUCN Red List Status Range Picture
Ornate lorikeet T. ornatus
Linnaeus, 1758
LC IUCN Sulawesi and surrounding islands Trichoglossus ornatus -Nahsville Zoo-8a-4c.jpg
Rainbow lorikeet T. moluccanus
Gmelin, 1788
LC IUCN Eastern Australian coast, introduced to Perth Trichoglossus haematodus -Jurong Bird Park, Singapore -Dec2009.jpg
Sunset lorikeet T. forsteni
Bonaparte, 1850

i

NT IUCN Islands of Bali, Lombok, Sumbawa, Tanahjampea, and Kalaotoa Trichoglossus forsteni -Cincinnati Zoo-8a.jpg
Leaf lorikeet T. weberi
Büttikofer, 1894
iNT IUCN Flores Trichoglossus haematodus weberi -New Port Aquarium-8.jpg
Marigold lorikeet T. capistratus
Bechstein, 1811
LC IUCN Timor Trichoglossus (haematodus) capistratus -Denver Zoo, Colorado, USA-8a.jpg
Coconut lorikeet T. haematodus
Linnaeus, 1771
LC IUCN Maluku, New Guinea, Solomon Islands, Vanuatu, and New Caledonia Rainbow lorikeet, Trichoglossus haematodus, feeding on flowers at the Royal Botanical Garden, Sydney, Australia (16885309149).jpg
Biak lorikeet T. rosenbergii
Schlegel, 1871
gVU IUCN Biak, and island of the Schouten Islands Trichoglossus haematodus rosenbergii -Nashville Zoo-6a-3c.jpg
Red-collared lorikeet T. rubritorquis
Vigors and Horsfield, 1827
LC IUCN Northern Australia, excluding Cape York Peninsula Trichoglossus rubritorquis -Cincinnati Zoo, Ohio, USA-8a (1).jpg
Olive-headed lorikeet T. euteles
Temminck, 1835
LC IUCN East Nusa Tenggara and Timor Olive-headed Lorikeet (Trichoglossus euteles) -Pittsburgh Zoo.jpg
Citrine lorikeet T. flavoviridis
Wallace, 1863
LC IUCN Sula Islands Trichoglossus flavoviridis -Loro Parque-6a-4c.jpg
Mindanao lorikeet T. johnstoniae
Hartert, 1903
iNT IUCN Mindanao, the second largest island of the Philippines Trichoglossus johnstoniae -London Zoo, England-8a.jpg
Pohnpei lorikeet T. rubiginosus
Bonaparte, 1850
iNT IUCN Pohnpei, and island of Micronesia Pohnpei Lorikeet.jpg
Scaly-breasted lorikeet T. chlorolepidotus
Kuhl, 1820
LC IUCN Eastern Australia Trichoglossus chlorolepidotus -Australia-8a-3c.jpg
Genus Psitteuteles Bonaparte 1854 – three species
Common name Scientific name IUCN Red List Status Range Picture
Varied lorikeet P. versicolor
Lear, 1831
LC IUCN Northern Australia Psitteuteles versicolor -Queensland-8-4c.jpg
Iris lorikeet P. iris
Temminck, 1835
LC IUCN Timor Psitteuteles iris.jpg
Goldie's lorikeet P. goldiei
Sharpe, 1882
LC IUCN New Guinea Highlands Goldies Lorikeet.jpg
Genus Lorius Vigors 1825 – six species
Common name Scientific name IUCN Red List Status Range Picture
Chattering lory L. garrulus
Linnaeus, 1758
gVU IUCN North Maluku Lorius garrulus-20070107.jpg
Purple-naped lory L. domicella
Linnaeus, 1758
eEN IUCN Seram, Ambon, and possibly Haruku and Saparua of South Maluku Lorius domicella -Banda Islands -Indonesia -upper body-8.jpg
Black-capped lory L. lory
Linnaeus, 1758
LC IUCN New Guinea, excluding the New Guinea Highlands Lorius lory-20051118.jpg
Purple-bellied lory L. hypoinochrous
Gray, 1859
LC IUCN New Britain, New Ireland, and the eastern coastline of the Papuan Peninsula Lorius hypoinochrous qtl1.jpg
White-naped lory L. albidinucha
Rothschild and Hartert, 1924
iNT IUCN New Ireland
Yellow-bibbed lory L. chlorocercus
Gould, 1856
LC IUCN Southern Solomon Islands Lorius chlorocercus-20040821.jpg
Genus Phigys Gray, 1870 – one species
Common name Scientific name IUCN Red List Status Range Picture
Collared lory P. solitarius
Suckow, 1800
LC IUCN Fiji Phigys solitarius -San Diego Zoo, California, USA-8a (1).jpg
Genus Vini Lesson, 1833 – five species
Common name Scientific name IUCN Red List Status Range Picture
Blue-crowned lorikeet V. australis
Gmelin, 1788
LC IUCN Various islands east of Fiji, including Somoa, and formerly Tonga and Wallis and Futuna Vini australis -London Zoo, England-8a.jpg
Kuhl's lorikeet V. kuhlii
Vigors, 1824
eEN IUCN Washington Island, Fanning Island, and Christmas Island of Kiribati, and Rimatara of French Polynesia Vini kuhlii -painting by Edward Lear-4c.jpg
Stephen's lorikeet V. stepheni
North, 1908
gVU IUCN Henderson Island in the Pitcairn Islands (UK) ViniStepheniGronvold.jpg
Blue lorikeet V. peruviana
Müller, 1776
gVU IUCN Eastern French Polynesia, and formerly central French Polynesia Lori péruviana.jpg
Ultramarine lorikeet V. ultramarina
Kuhl, 1820
eEN IUCN Marquesas Islands Monographoflorie00miva 0206a Vini peruviana - Vini ultramarina.jpg
Genus Glossopsitta Bonaparte, 1854 – three species
Common name Scientific name IUCN Red List Status Range Picture
Purple-crowned lorikeet G. porphyrocephala
Dietrichsen, 1837
LC IUCN Purple-crowned Lorikeet.png Glossopsitta porphyrocephala.jpg
Little lorikeet G. pusilla
Shaw, 1790
LC IUCN Little Lorriket.jpg Little Lorikeet kobble.JPG
Musk lorikeet G. concinna
Shaw, 1791
LC IUCN Southeast Australia and Tasmania Glossopsitta concinna -Kangaroo Flat, Bendigo, Victoria, Australia-8 (1).jpg
Genus Charmosyna Wagler, 1832 – 14 species
Common name Scientific name IUCN Red List Status Range Picture
Josephine's lorikeet C. josefinae
Finsch, 1873
LC IUCN New Guinea Highlands Charmosyna josefinae.jpg
Duchess lorikeet C. margarethae
Tristram, 1879
iNT IUCN Bougainville Island and six islands of the Solomon Islands CharmosynaMargarethaeSmit.jpg
Meek's lorikeet C. meeki
Rothschild and Hartert, 1901
iNT IUCN Bougainville Island and six islands of the Solomon Islands
Striated lorikeet C. multistriata
Rothschild, 1911
iNT IUCN New Guinea Highlands
Palm lorikeet C. palmarum
Gmelin, 1788
gVU IUCN Santa Cruz and Vanuatu
Papuan lorikeet C. papou
Scopoli, 1786
LC IUCN West Papua Papuan Lorikeet.jpg
Red-flanked lorikeet C. placentis
Temminck, 1834
LC IUCN New Guinea (excluding the New Guinea Highlands), North Maluku, Maluku, New Britain, New Ireland, and Bougainville Island Charmosyna placentis -Jurong Bird Park -pair-6a.jpg
Fairy lorikeet C. pulchella
Gray, 1859
LC IUCN New Guinea Highlands, West Papua, and Papuan Peninsula TrichoglossusPulchellusKeulemans.jpg
Red-chinned lorikeet C. rubrigularis
Sclater, 1881
LC IUCN New Britain, New Ireland, New Hanover Island, and Karkar Island
Red-fronted lorikeet C. rubronotata LC IUCN Northern New Guinea and West Papua
Pygmy lorikeet C. wilhelminae
Meyer, 1874
LC IUCN New Guinea Highlands
New Caledonian lorikeet C. diadema
Verreaux and des Murs, 1860
CR IUCN Last official sighting in 1913 in New Caledonia Charmosyna diadema.jpg
Red-throated lorikeet C. amabilis
Ramsay, 1875
CR IUCN Viti Levu, Vanua Levu, Taveuni and Ovalau (islands of Fiji) Charmosyna amabilis.jpg
Blue-fronted lorikeet C. toxopei
Siebers, 1930
CR IUCN Buru of Maluku
Genus Oreopsittacus Salvadori, 1877 – one species
Common name Scientific name IUCN Red List Status Range Picture
Plum-faced lorikeet O. arfaki
Meyer, 1874
LC IUCN New Guinea Highlands Oreopsittacus arfaki (pair) -captive-8a-4c.jpg
Genus Neopsittacus Salvadori, 1875 – two species
Common name Scientific name IUCN Red List Status Range Picture
Yellow-billed lorikeet N. musschenbroekii
Schlegel, 1871
LC IUCN New Guinea Highlands Neopsittacus musschenbroekii -two captive-8a.jpg
Orange-billed lorikeet N. pullicauda
Hartert, 1876
LC IUCN New Guinea Highlands Neopsittacus pullicauda.jpg
Tribe Melopsittacini
Genus Melopsittacus Gould, 1840 – one species
Common name Scientific name IUCN Red List Status Range Picture
Budgerigar M. undulatus
Shaw, 1805
LC IUCN Budgerigar map.png Melopsittacus undulatus -Fort Worth Zoo-8a-4c.jpg
Tribe Cyclopsittini (fig parrots)
Main article: Cyclopsittini
Genus Cyclopsitta Reichenbach, 1850 – two species
Common name Scientific name IUCN Red List Status Range Picture
Orange-breasted fig parrot C. gulielmitertii
Schlegel, 1866
LC IUCN Western coast of West Papua
Female left, male right
Double-eyed fig parrot C. diophthalma
Hombron and Jacquinot, 1841
LC IUCN Aru Islands, Waigeo, New Guinea, and the eastern coast of Cape York Peninsula Cyclopsitta diophthalma -Birdworld Kuranda, Queensland, Australia -male-8a.jpg
Genus Psittaculirostris G. R. Gray and J. E. Gray, 1859 – three species
Common name Scientific name IUCN Red List Status Range Picture
Large fig parrot P. desmarestii
Desmarest, 1826
LC IUCN West Papua Buntbrust-Feigenpapagei Psittaculirostris desmarestrii 090501 We 228.JPG
Edwards's fig parrot P. edwardsii
Oustalet, 1885
LC IUCN Northern coast of Papua New Guinea Psittaculirostris edwardsii.jpg
Salvadori's fig parrot P. salvadorii
Oustalet, 1880
LC IUCN Northern coast of Papua Province

Subfamily Agapornithinae[edit]

Main article: Agapornithinae
Genus Agapornis (lovebirds) Selby, 1836 – nine species
Common name Scientific name IUCN Red List Status Range Picture
Rosy-faced lovebird A. roseicollis
Vieillot, 1818
LC IUCN Peachfaced lovebird distribution2.gif Agapornis roseicollis -Namibia-8.jpg
Yellow-collared lovebird A. personatus LC IUCN Masked lovebird distribution2.gif Agapornis personatus -Serengeti, Tanzania-8.jpg
Fischer's lovebird A. fischeri
Reichenow, 1887
iNT IUCN Fichers lovebird distribution2.gif Agapornis fischeri -Ueno Zoo, Japan -three-8a-4c.jpg
Lilian's lovebird A. lilianae
Shelley, 1896
iNT IUCN Lillians lovebird distribution.gif Agapornis lilianae (Zambia).jpg
Black-cheeked lovebird A. nigrigenis
Sclater, 1906
gVU IUCN Black-cheeked Lovebird.png Agapornis nigrigenis -London Zoo-8a.jpg
Gray-headed lovebird A. canus
Gmelin, 1788
LC IUCN Coast of Madagascar and formerly Comoros Grey-headed Lovebird, Ankarafantsika, Madagascar.jpg
Female left, male right
Black-winged lovebird A. taranta
Smith-Stanley, 1814
LC IUCN Ethiopia and central Eritrea 2009-0803-AgapTara-Ethiopia-BahirDar-016.jpg
Red-headed lovebird A. pullarius
Linnaeus, 1758
LC IUCN Sub-Saharan Africa north of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, and around the Gulf of Guinea Agapornis pullarius.jpg
Black-collared lovebird A. swindernianus
Kuhl, 1820
LC IUCN Swindernmap.gif Stavenn Agapornis swindernianus 00.jpg
Genus Loriculus (hanging parrots) Blyth, 1849 – 13 species
Common name Scientific name IUCN Red List Status Range Picture
Moluccan hanging parrot L. amabilis
Wallace, 1862
LC IUCN North Maluku LoriculusAmabilisKeulemans.jpg
Orange-fronted hanging parrot L. aurantiifrons
Schlegel, 1873
LC IUCN New Guinea, excluding the New Guinea Highlands Loriculus aurantiifrons Smit.jpg
Sri Lanka hanging parrot L. beryllinus
Forster, 1781
LC IUCN Southern Sri Lanka Thimindu 2010 03 06 Sinharaja Sri Lanka Hangling Parrot 1.jpg
Sangihe hanging parrot L. catamene
Schlegel, 1873
iNT IUCN Sangihe Islands LoriculusCatameneKeulemans.jpg
Pygmy hanging parrot L. exilis
Schlegel, 1866
iNT IUCN Sulawesi LoriculusExilisKeulemans.jpg
Wallace's hanging parrot L. flosculus
Wallace, 1864
eEN IUCN Flores
Blue-crowned hanging parrot L. galgulus
Linnaeus, 1758
LC IUCN Sumatra, Borneo and the Malay Peninsula
Female left, male right
Sula hanging parrot L. sclateri
Wallace, 1863
LC IUCN Taliabu, Peleng, and smaller, nearby islands LoriculusSclateriWolf.jpg
Great hanging parrot L. stigmatus
Müller, 1843
LC IUCN Sulawesi Loriculus stigmatus -Indonesia-4.jpg
Bismarck hanging parrot L. tener
Sclater, 1877
iNT IUCN New Britain, New Ireland, and New Hanover Loriculus tener Smit.jpg
Philippine hanging parrot L. philippensis
Müller, 1776
LC IUCN The Philippines LoriculusIbis1872.jpg
Yellow-throated hanging parrot L. pusillus
Gray, 1859
iNT IUCN Java and Bali Loriculus pusillus -Java -Indonesia-6-4c.jpg
Vernal hanging parrot L. vernalis
Sparrman, 1787
LC IUCN Indochina (excluding the Malay Peninsula), and the Eastern and Western Ghats Loriculus vernalis -Ganeshgudi, Karnataka, India -male-8-1c.jpg
Genus Bolbopsittacus Salvadori 1891 – one species
Common name Scientific name IUCN Red List Status Range Picture
Guaiabero B. lunulatus
Scopoli, 1781
LC IUCN Philippines, excluding the central islands Guaiabero.jpg

Subfamily Psittaculinae[edit]

Main article: Psittaculinae
Tribe Polytelini
Main article: Polytelini
Genus Alisterus (king parrots) Mathews, 1911 – three species
Common name Scientific name IUCN Red List Status Range Picture
Moluccan king parrot A. amboinensis
Linnaeus, 1766
LC IUCN West Papua, Maluku, North Maluku, Buru Island, and the Banggai Islands Alisterus amboinensis -Brevard Zoo-8b-4c.jpg
Australian king parrot A. scapularis
Lichtenstein, 1818
LC IUCN Eastern coast of Australia King Parrot in South-East Queensland.jpg
Papuan king parrot A. chloropterus
Ramsay, 1879
LC IUCN New Guinea, excluding West Papua and the New Guinea Highlands Alisterus chloropterus -Jurong Bird Park -male-8a.jpg
Genus Aprosmictus Gould, 1842 – two species
Common name Scientific name IUCN Red List Status Range Picture
Jonquil parrot A. jonquillaceus
Vieillot, 1818
iNT IUCN Timor
Red-winged parrot A. erythropterus
Gmelin, 1788
LC IUCN Red-winged Parrot.JPG Aprosmictus erythropterus -Australia -pair-8.jpg
Genus Polytelis Wagler, 1832 – three species
Common name Scientific name IUCN Red List Status Range Picture
Superb parrot P. swainsonii
Desmarest, 1826
LC IUCN Central New South Wales Polytelis swainsonii - Canberra.jpg
Regent parrot P. anthopeplus
lear, 1831
LC IUCN Southwest Western Australia and southwest New South Wales and northwest Victoria Polytelis anthopeplus -Wyperfeld National Park -Australia-8.jpg
Princess parrot P. alexandrae
Gould, 1863
iNT IUCN Central Australia Polytelis alexandrae 03.jpg
Tribe Psittaculini
Main article: Psittaculini
Genus Prioniturus (racket-tails) Wagler, 1842 – nine species
Common name Scientific name IUCN Red List Status Range Picture
Montane racket-tail P. montanus
Ogilvie-Grant, 1895
iNT IUCN Luzon Prioniturus montanus 1984 stamp of the Philippines.jpg
Mindanao racket-tail P. waterstradti
Rothschild, 1904
iNT IUCN Mindanao, an island of the Philippines
Blue-headed racket-tail P. platenae
Blasius, 1888
gVU IUCN Palawan, an island chain of the Philippines Blue-headed Racquet-tail.JPG
Green racket-tail P. luconensis
Steere, 1890
eEN IUCN Luzon and Marinduque
Blue-crowned racket-tail P. discurus
Vieillot, 1818
LC IUCN Central and southern Philippines Prioniturus discurus.jpg
Mindoro racket-tail P. mindorensis
Steere, 1890
gVU IUCN Mindoro, an island of the Philippines
Blue-winged racket-tail P. verticalis
Sharpe, 1893
CR IUCN Sulu Archipelago PrioniturusVerticalisKeulemans.jpg
Yellow-breasted racket-tail P. flavicans
Cassin, 1853
iNT IUCN Northern Sulawesi Prioniturus flavicans.jpg
Golden-mantled racket-tail P. platurus
Vieillot, 1818
LC IUCN Sulawesi and the Sula Islands Prioniturus platurus.jpg
Buru racket-tail P. mada
Hartert, 1900
LC IUCN ID Buru.PNG Prioniturus mada qtl1.jpg
Genus Eclectus Wagler, 1832 – two species
Common name Scientific name IUCN Red List Status Range Picture
Eclectus parrot E. roratus
Müller, 1776
LC IUCN New Guinea (excluding the New Guinea Highlands), Solomon Islands, eastern coast of the Cape York Peninsula, Maluku, North Maluku, Buru Island, and Sumba Eclectus roratus-20030511.jpg
Oceanic eclectus parrot E. infectus
Steadman, 2006
aEX IUCN Formerly Tonga and possibly Malakula until the late 1700s Eclectus infectus-MalaspinaExpedition1793-Yellow.png
Genus Geoffroyus Bonaparte, 1850 – four species
Common name Scientific name IUCN Red List Status Range Picture
Red-cheeked parrot G. geoffroyi
Bechstein, 1811
LC IUCN New Guinea (excluding the New Guinea Highlands), Maluku, North Maluku, Buru Island, Aru Islands, Timor, and the Lesser Sunda Islands Geoffroyus geoffroyi -Papua New Guinea-6 CROP.jpg
Blue-collared parrot G. simplex
Meyer, 1874
LC IUCN New Guinea Highlands and West Papua
Song parrot G. heteroclitus
Hombron and Jacquinot, 1841
LC IUCN New Britain, New Ireland, New Hanover, and the Solomon Islands
Rennell parrot G. hyacinthinus
Mayr, 1931
LC IUCN Rennell Island, and island of the Solomon Islands
Genus Tanygnathus Wagler, 1832 – four species
Common name Scientific name IUCN Red List Status Range Picture
Great-billed parrot T. megalorynchos
Boddaert, 1783
LC IUCN North Maluku, Maluku, Buru Island, Tanimbar Islands, East Nusa Tenggara, and Sumba Tanygnathus megalorynchos -captivity-8c.jpg
Blue-naped parrot T. lucionensis
Linnaeus, 1766
iNT IUCN The Philippines Tanygnathus lucionensis qtl2.jpg
Blue-backed parrot T. sumatranus
Raffles, 1822
LC IUCN The Philippines, Sulawesi, and Taliabu Tanygnathus sumatranus -adult male-8-1c.jpg
Black-lored parrot T. gramineus
Gmelin, 1788
gVU IUCN Buru Island
Genus Psittinus Blyth, 1842 – two species
Common name Scientific name IUCN Red List Status Range Picture
Blue-rumped parrot P. cyanurus
Forster, 1795
iNT IUCN Borneo, Sumatra, the Mentawai Islands, Bangka Island, Riau Archipelago, the Lingga Islands, and the Malay Peninsula Blue-rumped Parrot Psittinus cyanurus (6970039210).jpg
Simeulue parrot P. abbotti
Richmond, 1902
iNT IUCN Simeulue and the Siumat Islands
Genus Psittacula Cuvier, 1800 – fifteen species
Common name Scientific name IUCN Red List Status Range Picture
Newton's parakeet P. exsul
Newton, 1872
aEX IUCN Formerly Rodrigues, an island of Mauritius until 1875 Psittacula exsul.jpg
Echo parakeet P. eques
Boddaert, 1783
EN IUCN Southwest corner of Mauritius and formerly Réunion Echo parakeet (Psittacula eques echo) -at Durrell Trust.jpg
Rose-ringed parakeet P. krameri
Scopoli, 1769
LC IUCN Rose ringed parakeet range.PNG Rose-ringed Parakeet eating leaves.JPG
Alexandrine parakeet P. eupatria
Linnaeus, 1766
iNT IUCN Eastern India, Western Ghats, the Himalayas, Indochina, and introduced to Bahrain and southwest Iran Alexandrine Parakeet at Saltlake Kolkata, West Bengal, INDIA.jpg
Seychelles parakeet P. wardi
Newton, 1867
aEX IUCN Formerly Mahé, Praslin, and Silhouette Island until 1883 Psittacula.wardi.jgk.jpg
Plum-headed parakeet P. cyanocephala
Linnaeus, 1766
LC IUCN India, Sri Lanka, and the Himalayas Pair of Plum-headed parakeet (Psittacula cyanocephala) Photograph By Shantanu Kuveskar.jpg
Blossom-headed parakeet P. roseata
Biswas, 1951
iNT IUCN Indochina (excluding Malaysia) and the eastern Himalayas BlossomHeadedParakeetGould.jpg
Slaty-headed parakeet P. himalayana
Lesson, 1832
LC IUCN the Himalayas Slaty headed Parakeet I IMG 3102c.jpg
Gray-headed parakeet P. finschii
Hume, 1874
iNT IUCN Indochina, excluding Thailand and Malaysia PalaeornisFinschiKeulemans.jpg
Blue-winged parakeet P. columboides
Vigors, 1830
LC IUCN Western Ghats
Female left, male right
Layard's parakeet P. calthrapae
Blyth, 1849
LC IUCN Southern Sri Lanka Psittacula calthropae -Sri Lanka -eating fruit-8.jpg
Lord Derby's parakeet P. derbiana
Fraser, 1852
iNT IUCN Southern China near the China/India and China/Myanmar border Psittacula derbiana (pair) -captive-8a.jpg
Red-breasted parakeet P. alexandri
Linnaeus, 1758
iNT IUCN Indochina (excluding central Thailand) and the Himalayas Psittacula alexandri -Changi Village-6.jpg
Nicobar parakeet P. caniceps
Blyth, 1846
iNT IUCN Nicobar Islands which is northwest of Sumatra PalaeornisCanicepsGould.jpg
Long-tailed parakeet P. longicauda
Boddaert, 1783
iNT IUCN Sumatra, coasts of Borneo, tip of the Malay Peninsula Psittacula longicauda (feeding) -Queenstown -Singapore-6.jpg
Genus Lophopsittacus Cuvier, 1800 – two species
Common name Scientific name IUCN Red List Status Range Picture
Broad-billed parrot L. mauritianus
Owen, 1866
aEX IUCN Formerly Mauritius until 1693 Lophopsittacus.jpg
Mascarene grey parakeet L. bensoni
Holyoak, 1973
aEX IUCN Formerly Mauritius until 1764 Psittacula bensoni.jpg
Genus Necropsittacus Milne-Edwards, 1874 – one species
Common name Scientific name IUCN Red List Status Range Picture
Rodrigues parrot N. rodricanus
Milne-Edwards, 1867
aEX IUCN Formerly Rodrigues, an island of Mauritius, until 1761
Tribe Micropsittini
Main article: Micropsittini
Genus Micropsitta (pygmy parrots) Lesson, 1831 – six species
Common name Scientific name IUCN Red List Status Range Picture
Buff-faced pygmy parrot M. pusio
Sclater, 1866
LC IUCN Northern coast of New Guinea, coast of the Papuan Peninsula, and the southern islands of the Bismarck Archipelago NasiternaPusioWolf.jpg
Yellow-capped pygmy parrot M. keiensis
Salvadori, 1875
LC IUCN Southern New Guinea, the Aru Islands, coast of West Papua, and the Raja Ampat Islands NasiternaPygmaeaFKeulemans.jpg
Geelvink pygmy parrot M. geelvinkiana
Schlegel, 1871
iNT IUCN Biak-Supiori and Numfor (islands of the Baik Island) NasiternaGeelvinkianaKeulemans.jpg
Meek's pygmy parrot M. meeki
Rothschild and Hartert, 1914
LC IUCN Admiralty Islands and the St Matthias Islands
Finsch's pygmy parrot M. finschii
Ramsay, 1881
LC IUCN Finsch's Pygmy Parrot.png
Red-breasted pygmy parrot M. bruijnii
Salvadori, 1875
LC IUCN New Guinea Highlands, New Britain, New Ireland, Bougainville Island, Kolombangara Island, Guadalcanal, West Papua, and Maruku

Family Psittrichasiidae[edit]

Main article: Psittrichasiidae

Subfamily Coracopsinae[edit]

Main article: Coracopsinae
Genus Coracopsis (vasa parrots) Wagler, 1832 – three species
Common name Scientific name IUCN Red List Status Range Picture
Greater vasa parrot C. vasa
Shaw, 1812
LC IUCN The coasts of Madagascar and Comoros (excluding Mayotte) Coracopsis vasa -Madagascar-8.jpg
Lesser vasa parrot C. nigra
Linnaeus, 1758
LC IUCN Madagascar Lesser vasa parrot coracopsis nigra.jpg
Seychelles black parrot C. barklyi
Newton, 1867
gVU IUCN Praslin and possibly Curieuse Island BlackParrot2016.jpg

Subfamily Psittrichasinae[edit]

Main article: Psittrichasinae
Genus Psittrichas Lesson, 1831 – one species
Common name Scientific name IUCN Red List Status Range Picture
Pesquet's parrot P. fulgidus
Lesson, 1830
gVU IUCN New Guinea Highlands Psittrichas fulgidus -Miami Zoo, USA-8-2c.jpg

Cockatoos[edit]

Main article: Cockatoo

Family Cacatuidae[edit]

Subfamily Nymphicinae[edit]

Main article: Nymphicinae
Genus Nymphicus Wagler, 1832 – one species
Common name Scientific name IUCN Red List Status Range Picture
Cockatiel N. hollandicus
Kerr, 1792
LC IUCN Bird range cockatiel.png
Male left, female right

Subfamily Calyptorhynchinae[edit]

Main article: Calyptorhynchinae
Genus Calyptorhynchus Desmarest, 1826 – two species
Common name Scientific name IUCN Red List Status Range Picture
Red-tailed black cockatoo C. banksii
Latham, 1790
LC IUCN Red-tailed Black Cockatoo.JPG Calyptorhynchus banksii (pair)-8-2cp.jpg
Glossy black cockatoo C. lathami
Teminck, 1807
LC IUCN Bird range glossy black cockatoo.png
Male left, female right
Genus Zanda Desmarest, 1826 – three species
Common name Scientific name IUCN Red List Status Range Picture
Baudin's black cockatoo Z. baudinii
Lear, 1832
eEN IUCN Bird range map for Calyptorhynchus baudinii-8.png Calyptorhynchus baudinii (female) -Margaret River-8.jpg
Yellow-tailed black cockatoo Z. funereus
Shaw, 1794
LC IUCN Bird range Calyptorhynchus funereus-2.png
Z. f. funereus in red, Z. f. xanthanotus in green
Calyptorhynchus funereus (male) -Wamboin-8.jpg
Carnaby's black cockatoo Z. latirostris
Carnaby, 1948
eEN IUCN Bird range for Calyptorhynchus latirostris-8.png Calyptorhynchus latirostris -Albany, Western Australia, Australia-8.jpg

Subfamily Cacatuinae[edit]

Main article: Cacatuinae
Tribe Microglossini
Main article: Microglossini
Genus Probosciger Kuhl, 1820 – one species
Common name Scientific name IUCN Red List Status Range Picture
Palm cockatoo P. aterrimus
Gmelin, 1788
LC IUCN Bird range palm cockatoo.png Probosciger aterrimus-20030511.jpg
Tribe Cacatuini
Main article: Cacatuini
Genus Callocephalon Lesson, 1837 – one species
Common name Scientific name IUCN Red List Status Range Picture
Gang-gang cockatoo C. fimbriatum
Grant, 1803
LC IUCN Bird range gang-gang cockatoo.png Callocephalon fimbriatum male - Callum Brae.jpg
Genus Eolophus Bonaparte, 1854 – one species
Common name Scientific name IUCN Red List Status Range Picture
Galah E. roseicapilla
Vieillot, 1817
LC IUCN Bird range galah.png Eolophus roseicapilla AF.jpg
Genus Cacatua Vieillot, 1817 – 12 species
Common name Scientific name IUCN Red List Status Range Picture
White cockatoo C. alba
Müller, 1776
eEN IUCN North Maluku Cacatua alba -Pairi Daiza, Hainaut, Belgium-8a.jpg
Solomons cockatoo C. ducorpsii
Pucheran, 1853
LC IUCN Solomon Islands Hana2.jpg
Sulphur-crested cockatoo C. galerita
Latham, 1790
LC IUCN Cacatua galerita range map.png
Native range in red, introduced range in violet
Cacatua galerita Tas 2.jpg
Tanimbar corella C. goffiniana
Roselaar and Michels, 2004
iNT IUCN Yamdena and Larat of the Tanimbar Islands, and introduced to the Kai Islands Cacatua goffiniana -in tree-6.jpg
Red-vented cockatoo C. haematuropygia
Müller, 1776
CR IUCN The Philippines Cacatua haematuropygia.jpg
Major Mitchell's cockatoo C. leadbeateri
Vigors, 1831
LC IUCN Bird range major mitchells cockatoo.png Cacatua leadbeateri -SW Queensland-8.jpg
Salmon-crested cockatoo C. moluccensis
Gmelin, 1788
gVU IUCN Seram, Ambon Island, Saparua and Haruku Island Cacatua moluccensis excited.jpg
Blue-eyed cockatoo C. ophthalmica
Sclater, 1864
gVU IUCN Blue-eyed Cockatoo Distribution.jpg Cacatua ophthalmica -Vogelpark Walsrode-6b-3c.jpg
Western corella C. pastinator
Gould, 1841
LC IUCN Southwest Australian coast Cacatua pastinato -Blackpool Zoo-8a.jpg
Little corella C. sanguinea
Gould, 1843
LC IUCN Australia, excluding Cape York Peninsula and west central Australia, and introduced to Tasmania Cacatua sanguinea upright crop.jpg
Yellow-crested cockatoo C. sulphurea
Gmelin, 1788
CR IUCN Cacatua sulphurea range map.png
Native range in blue, introduced range in red
Lesser-sulphur crested cockatoo 31l07.JPG
Long-billed corella C. tenuirostris
Kuhl, 1820
LC IUCN New South Wales, excluding the eastern coast Long-billed Corella.jpg

New Zealand parrots[edit]

Main article: New Zealand parrot

Family Nestoridae[edit]

Main article: Nestoridae
Genus Nestor Lesson, 1830 – three species
Common name Scientific name IUCN Red List Status Range Picture
New Zealand kākā N. meridionalis
Gmelin, 1788
eEN IUCN Nestor meridionalis -range -New Zealand.png Kaka-Parrots.jpg
Kea N. notabilis
Gould, 1856
gVU IUCN Nestor notabilis -range map -New Zealand.png Kea on rock while snowing.jpg
Norfolk kākā N. productus
Gould, 1836
aEX IUCN Formerly Norfolk Island and Phillip Island until 1851 John-Gould-001.jpg

Family Strigopidae[edit]

Main article: Strigopidae
Genus Strigops Gray, 1845 – one species
Common name Scientific name IUCN Red List Status Range Picture
Kakapo S. habroptilus
Gray, 1845
CR IUCN Codfish Island and Anchor Island Sirocco full length portrait.jpg

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Waterhouse, David M. (2006). "Parrots in a nutshell: The fossil record of Psittaciformes (Aves)". Historical Biology. 18 (2): 223–234. doi:10.1080/08912960600641224. 
  2. ^ "Psittacine". American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition. Houghton Mifflin Company. 2000. Archived from the original on 2007-08-27. Retrieved 12 August 2016. 
  3. ^ "Psittacine". Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary. Merriam-Webster, Inc. Retrieved 12 August 2016. 
  4. ^ a b c d e Joseph, Leo; Toon, Alicia; Schirtzinger, Erin E.; Wright, Timothy F.; Schodde, Richard (2012). "A revised nomenclature and classification for family-group taxa of parrots (Psittaciformes)" (PDF). Zootaxa (3205): 26–40. 
  5. ^ Cooke, Fred; Bruce, Jenni (2004). The Encyclopedia of Animals: a complete visual guide (1 ed.). Berkeley, California: University of California Press. p. 296. ISBN 978-0-520-24406-1. 
  6. ^ a b c d Wright, T.F.; Schirtzinger E. E.; Matsumoto T.; Eberhard J. R.; Graves G. R.; Sanchez J. J.; Capelli S.; Muller H.; Scharpegge J.; Chambers G. K.; Fleischer R. C. (2008). "A Multilocus Molecular Phylogeny of the Parrots (Psittaciformes): Support for a Gondwanan Origin during the Cretaceous". Molecular Biology and Evolution. 25 (10): 2141–2156. doi:10.1093/molbev/msn160. PMC 2727385free to read. PMID 18653733. 
  7. ^ a b c de Kloet, RS; de Kloet SR (2005). "The evolution of the spindlin gene in birds: Sequence analysis of an intron of the spindlin W and Z gene reveals four major divisions of the Psittaciformes". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 36 (3): 706–721. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2005.03.013. PMID 16099384. 
  8. ^ a b Tokita, M; Kiyoshi T; Armstrong KN (2007). "Evolution of craniofacial novelty in parrots through developmental modularity and heterochrony". Evolution and Development. 9 (6): 590–601. doi:10.1111/j.1525-142X.2007.00199.x. PMID 17976055. 
  9. ^ Burtt, E. H.; Schroeder, M. R.; Smith, L. A.; Sroka, J. E.; McGraw, K. J. (2010). "Colourful parrot feathers resist bacterial degradation". Biology Letters. 7 (2): 214–216. doi:10.1098/rsbl.2010.0716. PMC 3061162free to read. PMID 20926430. 
  10. ^ Forshaw, Joseph M.; Cooper, William T. (1978) [1973]. Parrots of the World (2nd ed.). Melbourne, Australia: Landsdowne Editions. ISBN 978-0-7018-0690-3. 
  11. ^ Brock, M. K.; White, Bradley N. (1992). "Application of DNA fingerprinting to the recovery program of the endangered Puerto Rican parrot" (PDF). Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 89: 11121–11125. doi:10.1073/pnas.89.23.11121. 
  12. ^ Sibley, Charles G.; Ahlquist, Jon E. (1991). Phylogeny and Classification of Birds. Yale University Press. 
  13. ^ Tokita, M; Kiyoshi T; Armstrong KN (2007). "Evolution of craniofacial novelty in parrots through developmental modularity and heterochrony". Evolution & Development. 9: 590–601. doi:10.1111/j.1525-142X.2007.00199.x. PMID 17976055. 
  14. ^ de Kloet, RS; de Kloet SR (2005). "The evolution of the spindlin gene in birds: Sequence analysis of an intron of the spindlin W and Z gene reveals four major divisions of the Psittaciformes". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 36 (3): 706–721. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2005.03.013. PMID 16099384. 
  15. ^ Christidis, L.; Boles, W. E. (2008). Systematics and Taxonomy of Australian Birds. Canberra: CSIRO Publishing. p. 200. ISBN 978-0-643-06511-6. 
  16. ^ Livezey, B. C.; R. L. Zusi (2007). "Higher-order phylogeny of modern birds (Theropoda, Aves: Neornithes) based on comparative anatomy: II. – Analysis and discussion". Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society. 149: 1–94. doi:10.1111/j.1096-3642.2006.00293.x. PMC 2517308free to read. PMID 18784798. 
  17. ^ Homberger, DG (2006). "Classification and the status of wild populations of parrots". In Luescher AU. Manual of parrot behavior. Ames (IA): Blackwell Publishing. pp. 3–11. ISBN 978-0-8138-2749-0. 
  18. ^ a b White, Nicole E.; Phillips, Matthew J.; Gilbert, M. Thomas P.; Alfaro-Núñez, Alonzo; Willerslev, Eske; Mawson, Peter R.; Spencer, Peter B. S.; Bunce, Michael (2011). "The evolutionary history of cockatoos (Aves: Psittaciformes: Cacatuidae)". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 59 (3): 615–622. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2011.03.011. PMID 21419232. 
  19. ^ Wright, T. F.; Schirtzinger, E. E.; Matsumoto, T.; et al. (2008). "A Multilocus Molecular Phylogeny of the Parrots (Psittaciformes): Support for a Gondwanan Origin during the Cretaceous". Molecular Biology and Evolution. 25 (10): 2141–56. doi:10.1093/molbev/msn160. PMC 2727385free to read. PMID 18653733. 
  20. ^ Astuti, D (2004). "A phylogeny of cockatoos (Aves: Psittaciformes) inferred from DNA sequences of the seventh intron of nuclear β-fibrinogen gene" (PDF). Graduate School of Environmental Earth Science, Hokkaido University, Japan. 
  21. ^ Adams M, Baverstock PR, Saunders DA, Schodde R, Smith GT, M.; Baverstock, P. R.; Saunders, D. A.; Schodde, R.; Smith, G. T. (1984). "Biochemical systematics of the Australian cockatoos (Psittaciformes: Cacatuinae)". Australian Journal of Zoology. 32 (3): 363–77. doi:10.1071/ZO9840363. 
  22. ^ "Introduction". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Retrieved 12 August 2016. 
  23. ^ Richards, Richard A. (2016). Biological Classification: A Philosophical Introduction. Cambridge Introductions to Philosophy and Biology. New York: Cambridge University. p. 163. ISBN 978-1-107-06537-6. 
  24. ^ Joseph, Leo; et al. (2012). "A revised nomenclature and classification for family-group taxa of parrots (Psittaciformes)" (PDF). Zootaxa. 3205: 26–40. 
  25. ^ Schweizer, Manuel; Seehausen, Ole & Hertwig, Stefan T. (2011). "Macroevolutionary patterns in the diversification of parrots: effects of climate change, geological events and key innovations". Journal of Biogeography. 38 (11): 2176–2194. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2699.2011.02555.x. 
  26. ^ Joseph, Leo; Toon, Alicia; Schirtzinger, Erin E. & Wright, Timothy F. (2011). "Molecular systematics of two enigmatic genera Psittacella and Pezoporus illuminate the ecological radiation of Australo-Papuan parrots (Aves: Psittaciformes)". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 59 (3): 675–684. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2011.03.017. PMID 21453777. 
  27. ^ Schweizer, M.; Seehausen O; Güntert M; Hertwig ST (2009). "The evolutionary diversification of parrots supports a taxon pulse model with multiple trans-oceanic dispersal events and local radiations". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 54 (3): 984–94. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2009.08.021. PMID 19699808. 
  28. ^ "Platycercus/Barnardius - Rosellas". Avian Web. 2006. Retrieved 9 August 2016. 
  29. ^ Forshaw 2006, p. 53.
  30. ^ Lendon, Alan H. (1973). Australian Parrots in Field and Aviary (2 ed.). Sydney: Angus and Robertson. ISBN 978-0-207-12424-2. 
  31. ^ Falla, R. A.; Sibson, R. B.; Turbot, E. G. (1966). A Field guide to the birds of New Zealand. London: Houghton Mifflin and Company. ISBN 978-0-00-212022-7. 
  32. ^ BirdLife International. "Northern Rosella Platycercus venustus". IUCN Redlist for Birds. Retrieved 9 August 2016. 

Further reading[edit]