List of parties to the Hague Conventions of 1899 and 1907

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Parties of the Permanent Court of Arbitration
  according to the convention of 1907
  according to the convention of 1899
  not a party

The following tables indicate the states that are party to the various Hague Conventions of 1899 and 1907. If a state has ratified, acceded, or succeeded to one of the treaties, the year of the original ratification is indicated. An "S" indicates that a state has signed but not yet ratified a particular treaty, and a "–" indicates that the state has taken no action with respect to the treaty. Italicised states have ceased to exist with no legal successor. Dates which have been struck and have a "(W)" are ratifications that have been subsequently withdrawn.

1899 Hague Conventions and Declarations[edit]

State[note 1] (I)[1] (II)[2] (III)[3] (IV,1)[4] (IV,2)[5] (IV,3)[6]
 Argentina 1907 1907 1907
 Australia 1960
 Austria-Hungary[note 2] 1900 1900 1900 1900 1900 1900
 Austria 1918 1918 1918 1918 1918
 Belarus[note 3] 1962 1962 1962 1962 1962
 Belgium 1900 1900 1900 1900 1900 1900
 Bolivia 1907 1907 1907
 Brazil 1907 1907 1907
 Bulgaria[note 4] 1900 1900 1900 1900 1900 1900
 Burkina Faso 1961
 Cambodia 1956
 Cameroon 1961
 Canada 1960
 Chile 1907 1907 1907
 China[note 5] 1904 1907 1904 1904 1904 1904
 Colombia 1907 1907 1907
 Croatia 1998
 Cuba 1907 1907 1907
 Democratic Republic of the Congo 1961
 Denmark 1900 1900 1900 1900 1900 1900
 Dominican Republic 1907 1907 1907
 Ecuador 1907 1907 1907
 El Salvador 1907 1902 1902
 Ethiopia 2003 1935[note 6] 1935[note 6]
 Fiji 1973 1973 1973 1973 1973
 France[note 7] 1900 1900 1900 1900 1900 1900
 Germany[note 8] 1900 1900 1900 1900 1900 1900
 Greece[note 9] 1901 1901 1901 1901 1901 1901
 Guatemala 1907 1906 1903
 Haiti 1907 1907 1907
 Honduras 1961 1906 1906
 Hungary 1918 1918 1918 1918 1918
 India 1950 1950 1950 1950 1950
 Iran[note 10] 1900 1900 1900 1900 1900 1900
 Iraq 1970
 Italy[note 11] 1900 1900 1900 1900 1900 1900
 Japan[note 12] 1900 1900 1900 1900 1900 1900
 South Korea[note 13] 1903 1903
 Kyrgyzstan 1992
 Laos 1955 1955
 Lebanon 1968
 Luxembourg 1901 1901 1901 1901 1901 1901
 Republic of Macedonia 2000
 Mauritius 1970
 Mexico 1901 1901 1901 1901 1901 1901
 Principality of Montenegro[note 14] 1901 1900 1900 1900 1900 1901
 Montenegro 2007 2007 2007 2007 2007
 Netherlands 1900 1900 1900 1900 1900 1900
 New Zealand 1959
 Nicaragua 1907 1907 1907 1907 1907
 Norway 1905 1907 1905 1905 1905 1905
 Pakistan 1950 1950 1950 1950 1950
 Panama 1907 1907 1907
 Paraguay 1907 1906 1907
 Peru 1907 1903 1903
 Portugal[note 15] 1900 1900 1900 1900 1900 1907
 Romania[note 16] 1900 1900 1900 1900 1900 1900
 Russia[note 17] 1900 1900 1900 1900 1900 1900
 Senegal 1977
 Serbia[note 18] 2001 2001 2001 2001 2001
 Slovenia 1996
 South Africa 1978 1978 1978 1978
 Spain[note 19] 1900 1900 1900 1900 1900 1900
 Sri Lanka 1955
 United Kingdoms of Sweden and Norway[note 20] 1900 S 1900 1900 1900 1900
 Sweden 1905 1907 1905 1905 1905 1905
  Switzerland 1900 1907 1900 1900 1900 1900
 Thailand[note 21] 1900 1900 1900 1900 1900 1900
 Turkey[note 22] 1907 1907 1907 S 1907 1907
 Ukraine[note 23] 1962 1991 1991 1991 1991 1991
 United Kingdom[note 24] 1900 1900 1900 1907 1907
 United States 1900 1902 1900 S
 Uruguay 1907 1906 1906
 Venezuela 1907 1907 1907
 Vietnam 2011
 Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia[note 25] 1901 1901 1901 1901 1901 1901
 Zimbabwe 1984
Current total number of parties[note 26] 71 54 53 Lapsed[note 27] 35 35

1907 Hague Conventions[edit]

State[note 1] (I)[7] (II)[8] (III)[9] (IV)[10] (V)[11] (VI)[12] (VII)[13] (VIII)[14] (IX)[15] (X)[16] (XI)[17] (XII)[18] (XIII)[19] (XIV)[20]
 Albania 2011
 Argentina S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
 Australia 1996
 Austria-Hungary[note 2] 1909 1909 1909 1909 1909 1909 1909 1909 1909 1909 1909 1909 S
 Austria 1918 1918 1918 1918 1918 1918 1918 1918 1918 1918 1918 1918
 Bahamas 2016
 Bahrain 2008
 Bangladesh 2011
 Belarus[note 3] 1962 1962 1962 1962 1962 1962 1962 1962 1962 1962
 Belgium 1910 1910 1910 1910 1910 1910 1910 1910 1910 1910 S 1910 1910
 Belize 2002
 Benin 2005
 Bolivia 1909 S 1909 1909 1909 S S 1909 1909 S S S 1909
 Brazil 1914 1914 1914 1914 1914 1914 1914 1914 1914 1914 S 1914 1914
 Bulgaria 2000 S[note 4] S[note 4] S[note 4] S[note 4] S[note 4] S[note 4] S[note 4] S[note 4] S[note 4] S[note 4] S[note 4] S[note 4]
 Burkina Faso 1961
 Cambodia 1956
 Cameroon 1961
 Canada 1994 1909
 Chile 1997 S S S S S S S S S S S S
 China 1909[note 5] 1910[note 5] 1910[note 5] 1917[note 28] 1910[note 5] 1917[note 28] 1917[note 28] 1917[note 28] 1910[note 5] 1909[note 5] 1917[note 28] 1910[note 5] 1909[note 5]
 Colombia 1997 S S S S S S S S S S S S S
 Costa Rica 1999
 Cuba 1912 S S 1912 1912 1912 S 1912 1912 S S S
 Cyprus 1993
 Czechoslovakia[note 29] 1922
 Czech Republic 1993
 Democratic Republic of the Congo 1961
 Denmark 1909 1909 1909 1909 1909 1909 1909 1909 1909 1909 1909 S 1909
 Djibouti 2016
 Dominican Republic 1958 S S 1958 S S S S S S S S
 Ecuador S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
 El Salvador 1909 1909 1909 1909 1909 1909 1909 1909 1909 1909 1909 S 1909 1909
 Egypt[note 30] 1968
 Eritrea 1997
 Estonia 2003
 Ethiopia[note 6] 1935 1935 1935 1935 1935 1935 1935 1935 1935 1935 1935
 Fiji 1973 1973 1973 1973 1973 1973 1973 1973
 Finland 1922 1922 1922 1922 1922 1922 1922 1922 1922 1922 1922 1922 1922
 France[note 7] 1910 1910 1910 1910 1910 1910 (W) 1910 1910 1910 1910 1910 S 1910
 Georgia 2015
 Germany[note 8] 1909 1909 1909 1909 1909 1909 1909 1909 1909 1909 1909 S 1909
 East Germany[21][note 31] 1974 (1959)[note 32] (1959)[note 32] (1959)[note 32] (1959)[note 32] (1959)[note 32] (1959)[note 32] (1959)[note 32]
 Greece[note 9] S S S S S S S S S S S S S
 Guatemala 1911 1911 1911 1911 1911 1911 1911 1911 1911 1911 1911 S 1911
 Guyana 1997
 Haiti 1910 1910 1910 1910 1910 1910 1910 1910 1910 1910 1910 S 1910 1910
 Honduras 1961
 Hungary 1918 1918 1918 1918 1918 1918 1918 1918 1918 1918 1918 1918
 Iceland 1955 1955 1955 1955 1955 1955 1955 1955 1955 1955 1955 1955
 India 1950 1950 1950 1950 1950 1950 1950 1950
 Iran[note 10] S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
 Iraq 1970
 Ireland 2002
 Israel 1962
 Italy[note 11] S S S S S S S S S 1937 S S S
 Japan[note 12] 1911 1911 1911 1911 1911 1911 1911 1911 1911 1911 1911 S 1911
 Jordan 1991
 Kenya 2006
 South Korea 1999
 Kosovo 2015[note 33]
 Kuwait 2003
 Kyrgyzstan 1992
 Laos 1955 1955 1955 1955 1955 1955 1955 1955 1955 1955 1955
 Latvia 2001 1923
 Lebanon 1968
 Liberia 1914 1914 1914 1914 1914 1914 1914 1914 1914 1914 1914
 Libya 1996
 Liechtenstein 1994
 Lithuania 2004
 Luxembourg 1912 1912 1912 1912 1912 1912 1912 1912 1912 1912 1912 1912
 Republic of Macedonia 2000
 Madagascar 2009
 Malaysia 2002
 Malta 1968
 Mexico 1909 1909 (W) 1909 1909 1909 1909 1909 1909 1909 1909 1909 S 1909
 Principality of Montenegro[note 14] S S S S S S S S
 Morocco 2001
 Netherlands 1909 1909 1909 1909 1909 1909 1909 1909 1909 1909 1909 S 1909 1909
 New Zealand 2010
 Nicaragua 1909 1909 1909 1909 1909 1909 1909 1909 1909 1909 1909 1909 1909 1909
 Nigeria 1986
 Norway 1910 1910 1910 1910 1910 1910 1910 1910 1910 1910 1910 S 1910 1910
 Pakistan 1950 1950 1950 1950 1950 1950 1950
 State of Palestine 2015[note 34] 2014
 Panama 1911 1911 1911 1911 1911 1911 1911 1911 1911 1911 1911 S 1911 1911
 Paraguay 1933 S S S S S S S S S S S
 Peru S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
 Philippines 2010
 Poland[note 35] 1922 1925 1925 1925 1935 1935 1935 1935 1935
 Portugal[note 36] 1911 1911 1911 1911 1911 1911 1911 1911 1911 1911 S 1911 1911
 Qatar 2005
 Romania[note 16] 1912 1912 1912 1912 1912 1912 1912 1912 1912 1912 1912
 Russia[note 17] 1909 1909 1909 1909 1909 1909 1909 1909 1909 1909
 Rwanda 2011
 São Tomé and Príncipe 2014
 Saudi Arabia 2001
 Senegal 1977
 Kingdom of Serbia[note 37] S S S S S S S S S S
 Singapore 1993
 Slovakia 1993
 Slovenia 2004
 South Africa 1998 1978 1978 1978 1978 1978 1978 1978
 Spain[note 19] 1913 1913 1913 1913 1913 1913 1913 1913 1913 S
 Sudan 1966
 Suriname 1992
 Swaziland 1970
 Sweden 1909 1909 1909 1909 1909 1909 1909 1909 1909 S 1909
  Switzerland 1910 1910 1910 1910 1910 1910 1910 1910 1910 1910 S 1910 1910
 Thailand[note 21] 1910 1910 1910 1910 1910 1910 1910 1910 1910 1910 S 1910 1910
 Togo 2004
 Turkey[note 22] S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
 Uganda 1966
 Ukraine[note 23] 1962 1991 1991 1991 1991 1991 1991 1991 1991 1991
 United Arab Emirates 2008
 United Kingdom 1970 1909[note 24] 1909[note 24] 1909[note 24] S[note 24] 1909 (W)[note 24] 1909[note 24] 1909[note 24] 1909[note 24] S[note 24] 1909[note 24] S[note 24] S[note 24] 1909[note 24]
 United States 1909 1909 1909 1909 1909 1909 1909 1909 1909 S 1909 1909
 Uruguay S S S S S S S S S S S S S
 Venezuela S S S S S S S S S S S
 Vietnam 2011
 Zambia 1999
Current total number of parties[note 26] 101 29 40 43 36 32 38 32 41 37 35 None[note 38] 32 22

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Unless otherwise specified, this is the current state for which the treaty is in force. If the ratifying state is different than the current state, this is noted in a footnote. Italicised states have ceased to exist with no legal successor. Dates which have been struck and have a "(W)" are ratifications that have been subsequently withdrawn.
  2. ^ a b Ceased to be a state on 11 November 1918.
  3. ^ a b Ratified as the  Byelorussian SSR.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Ratified as the Principality of Bulgaria.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i During the  Qing Dynasty.
  6. ^ a b c Ratified as "Abyssinia" by the  Ethiopian Empire.
  7. ^ a b Ratified as the government of the French Third Republic.
  8. ^ a b Ratified as the  German Empire.
  9. ^ a b Ratified as the  Kingdom of Greece.
  10. ^ a b Ratified as "Persia" by the Iran Qajar dynasty government.
  11. ^ a b Ratified as the  Kingdom of Italy.
  12. ^ a b Ratified as the Empire of Japan.
  13. ^ Ratified as the  Korean Empire.
  14. ^ a b Ceased to be a state on 28 November 1918.
  15. ^ Ratified as the  Kingdom of Portugal.
  16. ^ a b Ratified as the Kingdom of Romania.
  17. ^ a b Ratified as the Russian Empire. Ratifications were recognized by the Soviet Union "to the extent that the said Conventions and Declarations do not conflict with the Charter of the United Nations and provided that they have not been amended or superseded by subsequent international agreements to which the USSR is a party, such as the 1925 Geneva Protocol for the Prohibition of the Use in War of Asphyxiating, Poisonous or Other Similar Gases and of Bacteriological Means and the 1949 Geneva Conventions for the Protection of Victims of War."
  18. ^ Ratified as the Serbia and Montenegro Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.
  19. ^ a b By the government of Spain under the Restoration.
  20. ^ Ceased to be a state on 7 June 1905.
  21. ^ a b Ratified as "Siam".
  22. ^ a b Ratified as the  Ottoman Empire.
  23. ^ a b The  Ukrainian SSR recognized the conventions ratified by the Russian Empire, "to the extent that the said Conventions do not conflict with the Charter of the United Nations." In 2015, Ukraine declared, it considered itself bound from its independence in 1991 by way of succession to the conventions in force for the Soviet Union in the format and scape as envioned by (...) the USSR.
  24. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Ratified as the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.
  25. ^ Ratified as the Kingdom of Serbia. Yugoslavia indicated that it considered itself to bound by the ratifications of the Kingdom of Serbia. Ceased to be a state on 28 April 1992.
  26. ^ a b Excludes states which ratified but subsequently withdrew ratification or ceased to exist
  27. ^ 24 parties when the treaty lapsed.
  28. ^ a b c d e Ratified as the Republic of China (1912–49) Republic of China government.
  29. ^ Ceased to be a state on 1 January 1993.
  30. ^ Ratified as the United Arab Republic
  31. ^ Ceased to be a state on 3 October 1990.
  32. ^ a b c d e f g East Germany (DDR) indicated in 1959 that the treaty would continue to be applied to them, but the Netherlands, as the depositary, did not recognize the DDR until 1973.[22]
  33. ^ The Government of the Netherlands (as the depositary) published a notice of the deposit of an instrument of accession by Kosovo. However, the United States, amongst others, filed a statement arguing that only powers invited to the second peace conference and UN members could accede unilaterally.[23] On 4 January 2016 the Administrative Council of the Permanent Court placed Kosovo's accession "under review", and the depository subsequently removed it from its treaty database. This decision was withdrawn on 13 June following a PCA Administrative Council vote (41 in favour, 24 against, 13 abstentions),[24] and it was re-added to the list by the depository.
  34. ^ The Government of the Netherlands (as the depositary) published a notice of the deposit of an instrument of accession by Palestine. Amongst others the United States filed objections stating that only powers invited to the second peace conference or UN members could accede unilaterally.[25] In March 2016, the Administrative Council of the Permanent Court of Arbitration took note of the membership of Palestine: 54 members voted in favour, while 25 abstained.[26]
  35. ^ Ratified as the government of the Second Polish Republic.
  36. ^ Ratified as the government of the First Portuguese Republic.
  37. ^ Ceased to be a state on 1 December 1918.
  38. ^ 1 state ratified the treaty, but it never entered into force.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Convention (I) for the pacific settlement of international disputes (1899): Parties.
  2. ^ Convention (II) with respect to the laws and customs of war on land (1899): Parties.
  3. ^ Convention (III) for the adaptation to maritime warfare of the principles of the Geneva Convention of 22 August 1864 (1899): Parties.
  4. ^ Declaration (IV,1) concerning the prohibition of the discharge of projectiles and explosives from balloons or by other new analogous methods (1899): Parties.
  5. ^ Declaration (IV,2) concerning the prohibition of the use of projectiles with the sole object to spread asphyxiating poisonous gases (1899): Parties.
  6. ^ Declaration (IV,3) concerning the prohibition of the use of bullets which can easily expand or change their form inside the human body such as bullets with a hard covering which does not completely cover the core, or containing indentations (1899): Parties.
  7. ^ Convention (I) for the pacific settlement of international disputes (1907): Parties.
  8. ^ Convention (II) respecting the limitation of the employment of force for recovery of contract debts (1907): Parties.
  9. ^ Convention (III) relative to the opening of hostilities (1907): Parties.
  10. ^ Convention (IV) respecting the laws and customs of war on land (1907): Parties.
  11. ^ Convention (V) relative to the rights and duties of neutral powers and persons in case of war on land (1907): Parties.
  12. ^ Convention (VI) relative to the legal position of enemy merchant ships at the start of hostilities (1907): Parties.
  13. ^ Convention (VII) relative to the conversion of merchant ships into war-ships (1907): Parties.
  14. ^ Convention (VIII) relative to the laying of automatic submarine contact mines (1907): Parties.
  15. ^ Convention (IX) concerning bombardment by naval forces in time of war (1907): Parties.
  16. ^ Convention (X) for the adaptation to maritime warfare of the principles of the Geneva Convention (of 6 July 1906) (1907): Parties.
  17. ^ Convention (XI) relative to certain restrictions with regard to the exercise of the right of capture in naval war (1907): Parties.
  18. ^ Convention (XII) relative to the establishment of an International Prize Court (1907): Parties. Convention (XII) did not come into force.
  19. ^ Convention (XIII) concerning the rights and duties of neutral Powers in naval war (1907): Parties.
  20. ^ Declaration (XIV) prohibiting the discharge of projectiles and explosives from balloons (1907): Parties.
  21. ^ "Verdrag voor de Vreemdzame geslechting van internationale geschillen". Tractatenblad. Government of the Netherlands (96). 1981. 
  22. ^ "Verdrag nopens de wetten en gebruiken van de oorlog te land". Tractatenblad. Government of the Netherlands (99). 1981. 
  23. ^ "Declaration, United States" (PDF). Government of the Netherlands. 28 December 2015. 
  24. ^ "Kosovo-New member of the Permanent Court of Arbitration". RTKlive. 14 June 2016. Retrieved 15 June 2016. 
  25. ^ "Declaration, United States" (PDF). Government of the Netherlands. 28 December 2015. 
  26. ^ "New PCA Member State: Palestine". Permanent Court of Arbitration. Retrieved 17 March 2016. 

External links[edit]