List of pear cultivars

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Over 3000 cultivars of the pear are known.[1] The following is a list of the more common and important cultivars, with the year and place of origin (where documented) and an indication of whether the pears are for cooking, eating, or making perry. Those varieties marked agm have gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.


Table of pears[edit]

Common name Synonyms Image Origin First developed Comment Use
Abate Fetel Abbé Fetel
Pyrus - Abbe Fetel.JPG
France after 1865 a major cultivar in Italy[2] Eating
Alexander Lucas
Ambrosia
Ayers United States an interspecific P. communis× P. pyrifolia hybrid from the University of Tennessee
Bambinella Malta
Black Worcester
Worcester Black Pears - geograph.org.uk - 541843.jpg
England a cooking pear that keeps well cooking
Blake's Pride[3] United States 1965[3] derived from a cross of US 446 x US 505, made by H.J. Brooks[3]
Blanquilla 'pera de agua' and 'blanquilla de Aranjuez', Spain
Bon Rouge cultivar derived from a rare, spontaneous bud mutation of the green pear cultivar William’s Bon Chretien[4]
Bosc
Hedrick (1921) - Beurre Bosc.jpg
Good for eating, baking, cooking, broiling, especially poaching.
Beurré Hardy [fr][5] Beurre Hardy Boulogne-sur-Mer[6] c. 1820-1830
Butirra Precoce Morettini[7] Beurré précoce Morettini [fr] Florence, Italy 1956 cross between Coscia x Williams’ (Bartlett) made by Morettini
Carmen[8]
Cascade
Catillac
Churchland
Clairgeau
Clapp's Favourite Dorchester, Massachusetts c. 1860
Clara Frijs thought to be from the village of Skensved[9] c. 1858 major cultivar in Denmark
Concorde
BirneConcorde139.JPG
England a seedling of 'Conference' × 'Doyenné du Comice
Conference
Pyrus communis 'Conference'.jpg
Sawbridgeworth, Hertfordshire, England 1894
Corella Barossa Valley in southern Australia by German settlers[10] late 19th century[10][11]
Coscia Italy very early maturing cultivar
Claude Blanchet
PearLaFrance.jpg
Vienne, Isère, France by M BLANCHET[12] 1877[12] Random seedling[12]
D'Anjou
D'anjou pear.jpg
Dessertnaja
Don Guindo Spain strong yellow, flavoured taste
Doyenné du Comice ("Comice") Offered as "Royal Riviera Pears" by Harry & David
A bowl of Comice pears.jpg
France eating, especially with ripened cheeses, poorly suited to cooking
Dr. Jules Guyot
Earlibrite
Elektra
European (Pyrus communis)
Pears.jpg
Flemish Beauty Fondante des Bois
Fondante d'Automne France c. 1825 An old Flemish variety raised by Fievee at Maubeuge[13]
Forelle
Forelle pear.jpg
General Leclerc
Gerburg
Giffard
Glou Morceau Belgium 1750
Gorham United States
Harobig
Harovin Sundown
Harrow Crisp
Harrow Delight Canada
Harrow Gold
Harrow Red
Harrow Sweet Canada
Harvest Queen
Hermann
Hortensia
Huntington Pear
Isolda
Joséphine de Malines Belgium obtained by Esperen, pomologist and mayor of Malines in the 19th century; one of the best late season pears
Kieffer United States a hybrid of the Chinese "sand pear", P. pyrifolia and probably 'Bartlett'
La France France
Lategale
Laxtons Superb' England no longer used due to high susceptibility to fireblight
Le Conte
Pomological Watercolor POM00007116.jpg
Louise Bonne[14] Normandy, France late 1700s[15]
Luscious United States
Merton Pride England 1941
Moonglow
Chinese White Pear (Pyrus bretschneideri) Nashi
Nashi.jpg
Nashi (Pyrus pyrifolia) Asian/Japanese/Chinese/Korean/Taiwanese/sand pear
Shinko Yali and Whangkeum.JPG
  • Kosui
  • Hosui
  • Nijisseiki
Kosui (幸水) (Pyrus pyrifolia subsp. culta) Russet apple pear Nasi.jpg National Institute of Fruit Tree Science, Japan c. 1959 the most important cultivar in Japan),[16][17] ('Russet pears') Cider, cooking, eating
Hosui (豊水) (Pyrus pyrifolia subsp. culta)[18][19] 'Russet pears',Russet apple pear National Institute of Fruit Tree Science, Japan c. 1972 Cider, cooking, eating
Nijisseiki (二十世紀) name means "20th century", also spelled 'Nijusseiki' (Pyrus pyrifolia subsp. culta)[20][21] 'Green pears', Nijusseiki nashi - Japanese pears by akira yamada.jpg Matsudo, Chiba, Japan c. 1888 Green apple pear Cider, cooking, eating
Onward[22] National Fruit Trials in Wisley, Surrey 1947 Laxton's Superb x Doyenne du Comice Eating
Orcas[23]
Orient United States an interspecific P. communis × P. pyrifolia hybrid
Passe Crassane France A variety developed by M. Boisbunel, a nurseryman from Rouen, France[24]
Packham 'Packham's Triumph'
Pear peckham 78.jpg
Australia 1896
Parsonage New Rochelle, New York c. 1857
Pineapple[25][26] United States an interspecific P. communis × P. pyrifolia hybrid
Rocha Pêra Rocha
Rocha Pear.jpg
Portugal
Rosemarie South Africa bred from Bon Rouge and Forelle[27]
Seckel
Seckel Pear (4466279290).jpg
United States, Philadelphia area late 17th century still produced, naturally resistant to fireblight)[28]
Starkrimson Red Clapp's Michigan 1939 a red-skinned bud mutation of Clapp's Favourite. Its thick, smooth skin is a uniform, bright and intense red, and its creamy flesh is sweet and aromatic.[29]
Stinking Bishop
Summer Beauty
Summercrisp
Sudduth
Taylor's Gold New Zealand a russeted mutant clone of 'Comice'
Tosca
Turandot
Uta
Vicar of Winkfield
Kruška Pastorčica.jpg
England a green skinned cooking pear cooking
Virgouleuse
Williams Williams' Bon Chrétien
Bartlett (United States name)
Red Bartlett (United States)
Williams Bon Chrétien 1822.png
Many are yellow, as in upper image. There are three major red-skinned mutant clones: 'Max Red Bartlett', 'Sensation Red Bartlett', 'Rosired Bartlett' Good for eating, baking, cooking. In a recipe specifying apples, substituting one of these pears can give joy.
Winter Nelis
Hedrick (1921) - Winter Nelis.jpg

Cider pears[edit]

Cider pears (Perry pears) may be far too sour or bitter for fresh eating, but are used for making cider. Some pears (especially older ones from the U.S. and Canada) are used for both cider and eating purposes.

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Elzebroek, A.T.G.; Wind, K. (2008). Guide to Cultivated Plants. Wallingford: CAB International. p. 27. ISBN 978-1-84593-356-2.
  2. ^ Predieri, Stefano; Gatti, Edoardo (2009). "Effects of cold storage and shelf-life on sensory quality and consumer acceptance of 'Abate Fetel' pears". Postharvest Biology and Technology. 51 (3): 342–8. doi:10.1016/j.postharvbio.2008.09.006.
  3. ^ a b c https://journals.ashs.org/hortsci/downloadpdf/journals/hortsci/37/4/article-p711.xml
  4. ^ https://www.actahort.org/books/671/671_42.htm
  5. ^ https://www.nature-and-garden.com/gardening/beurre-hardy-pear-tree.html
  6. ^ André Leroy, Dictionnaire de pomologie, tome 1, 1867, p. 370, fiche 379.
  7. ^ https://goodfruitguide.co.uk/product/morettini/
  8. ^ "Pero – in Italian" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-07-22. Retrieved 2012-06-23.
  9. ^ https://tallcloverfarm.com/12265/comtesse-clara-frijs-pear-best-pear-never-ate
  10. ^ a b https://specialtyproduce.com/produce/Corella_Pears_12822.php
  11. ^ http://regionalfood.com.au/corella-pears/
  12. ^ a b c http://pomologie.com/poire/poire1/fpoires/blanchetclaude/blanchetclaude.html
  13. ^ https://brogdaleonline.co.uk/shop/fondant-dautomme/
  14. ^ https://www.rhs.org.uk/plants/50892/Pyrus-communis-Louise-Bonne-of-Jersey-(D)/Details
  15. ^ https://www.ashridgetrees.co.uk/pear-louise-bonne-of-jersey-pyrus-communis-louise-bonne-jersey
  16. ^ "????????????? :???". Archived from the original on 2011-10-03.
  17. ^ "NSW Primary Industries 2002. Nashi asian pear varieties, kosui. Agfact H4.1.14". Archived from the original on 2015-06-25. Retrieved 2014-10-22.
  18. ^ "????????????? :???". Archived from the original on 2011-10-03.
  19. ^ "NSW Primary Industries 2002. Nashi asian pear varieties, housui. Agfact H4.1.14". Archived from the original on 2015-06-25. Retrieved 2014-10-22.
  20. ^ "????????????? :???". Archived from the original on 2011-10-03.
  21. ^ "NSW Primary Industries 2002. Nashi asian pear varieties, nijiseiki. Agfact H4.1.14". Archived from the original on 2015-06-25. Retrieved 2014-10-22.
  22. ^ https://www.frankpmatthews.com/catalogue/pear/10049
  23. ^ https://tallcloverfarm.com/10110/orcas-pear
  24. ^ http://gourmetpedia.net/products/fruits/passe-crassane-pear/
  25. ^ http://blogs.ifas.ufl.edu/nassauco/2017/05/27/fact-sheet-pineapple-pear/
  26. ^ https://peacefulheritage.com/shop/pears/pineapple-pear/
  27. ^ https://www.tru-cape.com/product/rosemarie-2/
  28. ^ U.S. Department of Agriculture. (September 2004.) "Pyrus Crop Germplasm Committee: Report and genetic vulnerability statement, September 2004" Archived 2008-10-10 at the Wayback Machine. (Website.) Germ Resources Information Network (GRIN), pages 5-7, 10. Retrieved on 2007-10-02.
  29. ^ Dris, Ramdane, and S. Mohan Jain (editors.) (2004.) "Production Practices and Quality Assessment of Food Crops: Volume 3, Quality Handling and Evaluation". Springer, page 274, ISBN 978-1-4020-1700-1. Retrieved on 2007-10-10