List of peers 1440–1449

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This page lists all peers who held extant titles between the years 1440 and 1449.

Peerage of England[edit]

Title Holder Date gained Date lost Notes
Duke of Cornwall (1337) none 1422 1453
Duke of York (1385) Richard of York, 3rd Duke of York 1426 1460
Duke of Norfolk (1397) John de Mowbray, 3rd Duke of Norfolk 1432 1461
Duke of Gloucester (1414) Humphrey of Lancaster, 1st Duke of Gloucester 1414 1447 Died, title extinct
Duke of Exeter (1443) John Holland, 2nd Duke of Exeter 1443 1447
Henry Holland, 3rd Duke of Exeter 1447 1461
Duke of Somerset (1443) John Beaufort, 1st Duke of Somerset 1443 1444 New creation, also Earl of Kendal; Died, title extinct
Duke of Buckingham (1444) Humphrey Stafford, 1st Duke of Buckingham 1444 1460 New creation
Duke of Warwick (1445) Henry de Beauchamp, 1st Duke of Warwick 1445 1446 New creation for the 14th Earl of Warwick; Died, title extinct
Duke of Somerset (1448) Edmund Beaufort, 1st Duke of Somerset 1448 1455 New creation; also Marquess of Dorset (1442) and Earl of Dorset (1441)
Duke of Suffolk (1448) William de la Pole, 1st Duke of Suffolk 1448 1450 New creation; also Marquess of Suffolk (1444)
Earl of Warwick (1088) Henry de Beauchamp, 14th Earl of Warwick 1401 1439 See Duke of Warwick above
Anne de Beauchamp, 15th Countess of Warwick 1446 1448 Died
Anne Neville, 16th Countess of Warwick and
Richard Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick
1448
1449
1492
1471
Earl of Arundel (1138) William FitzAlan, 16th Earl of Arundel 1438 1487
Earl of Oxford (1142) John de Vere, 12th Earl of Oxford 1417 1462
Earl of Devon (1335) Thomas de Courtenay, 5th Earl of Devon 1422 1458
Earl of Salisbury (1337) Alice Montacute, 5th Countess of Salisbury and
Richard Neville, 5th Earl of Salisbury
1428
1442
1462
1460
Earl of Stafford (1351) Humphrey Stafford, 6th Earl of Stafford 1403 1460 Created Duke of Buckingham, see above
Earl of Suffolk (1385) William de la Pole, 4th Earl of Suffolk 1415 1450 See above, Duke of Suffolk
Earl of Huntingdon (1387) John Holland, 2nd Earl of Huntingdon 1417 1447 Restored as Duke of Exeter, see above
Earl of Somerset (1397) John Beaufort, 3rd Earl of Somerset 1418 1444 Duke of Somerset in 1443, see above
Edmund Beaufort, 4th Earl of Somerset 1444 1455 Duke of Somerset in 1448, see above
Earl of Westmorland (1397) Ralph Neville, 2nd Earl of Westmorland 1425 1484
Earl of Northumberland (1416) Henry Percy, 2nd Earl of Northumberland 1416 1455
Earl of Shrewsbury (1442) John Talbot, 1st Earl of Shrewsbury 1442 1453 New creation
Earl of Kendal (1446) John de Foix, 1st Earl of Kendal 1446 1462 New creation
Earl of Wiltshire (1449) James Butler, 1st Earl of Wiltshire 1449 1461 New creation
Earl of Worcester (1449) John Tiptoft, 1st Earl of Worcester 1449 1470 New creation
Viscount Beaumont (1440) John Beaumont, 1st Viscount Beaumont 1440 1460 New creation
Viscount Bourchier (1446) Henry Bourchier, 1st Viscount Bourchier 1446 1483 New creation
Baron de Ros (1264) Thomas de Ros, 10th Baron de Ros 1421 1464
Baron Fauconberg (1295) Joan Neville, 6th Baroness Fauconberg 1429 1490
Baron FitzWalter (1295) Elizabeth Radcliffe, suo jure Baroness FitzWalter 1431 1485
Baron FitzWarine (1295) Thomazine FitzWarine, suo jure Baroness FitzWarine 1433 1471
Baron Grey de Wilton (1295) Richard Grey, 6th Baron Grey de Wilton 1396 1442 Died
Reginald Grey, 7th Baron Grey de Wilton 1442 1493
Baron Clinton (1299) John de Clinton, 5th Baron Clinton 1431 1464
Baron De La Warr (1299) Reginald West, 6th Baron De La Warr 1427 1450
Baron Ferrers of Chartley (1299) William de Ferrers, 6th Baron Ferrers of Chartley 1435 1450
Baron Lovel (1299) William Lovel, 7th Baron Lovel 1414 1455
Baron Scales (1299) Thomas de Scales, 7th Baron Scales 1419 1460
Baron Welles (1299) Lionel de Welles, 6th Baron Welles 1421 1461
Baron de Clifford (1299) Thomas Clifford, 8th Baron de Clifford 1422 1455
Baron Ferrers of Groby (1299) William Ferrers, 5th Baron Ferrers of Groby 1388 1445 Died
Elizabeth Ferrers, 6th Baroness Ferrers of Groby 1445 1483
Baron Furnivall (1299) John Talbot, 6th Baron Furnivall 1407 1453 jure uxoris; created Earl of Shrewsbury in 1442; barony held by his heirs until 1616 when it fell into abeyance
Baron Morley (1299) Robert de Morley, 6th Baron Morley 1435 1442 Died
Alianore Lovel, 7th Baroness Morley 1442 1476
Baron Strange of Knockyn (1299) Richard le Strange, 7th Baron Strange of Knockyn 1397 1449 Died
John le Strange, 8th Baron Strange 1449 1470
Baron Zouche of Haryngworth (1308) William la Zouche, 5th Baron Zouche 1415 1463
Baron Beaumont (1309) John Beaumont, 6th Baron Beaumont 1416 1460 Created Viscount Beaumont, Barony held by his heirs until 1507, when it fell into abeyance
Baron Audley of Heleigh (1313) James Tuchet, 5th Baron Audley 1408 1459
Baron Cobham of Kent (1313) Joan Brooke, 5th Baroness Cobham 1434 1442 Died
Edward Brooke, 6th Baron Cobham 1442 1464
Baron Willoughby de Eresby (1313) Robert Willoughby, 6th Baron Willoughby de Eresby 1409 1452
Baron Dacre (1321) Thomas Dacre, 6th Baron Dacre 1398 1458
Baron FitzHugh (1321) William FitzHugh, 4th Baron FitzHugh 1425 1452
Baron Greystock (1321) Ralph de Greystock, 5th Baron Greystock 1436 1487
Baron Grey of Ruthyn (1325) Reginald Grey, 3rd Baron Grey de Ruthyn 1388 1441 Died
Edmund Grey, 4th Baron Grey de Ruthyn 1441 1490
Baron Harington (1326) William Harington, 5th Baron Harington 1418 1458
Baron Burghersh (1330) Isabel le Despencer, suo jure Baroness Burgersh 1414 1440 Died; Barony succeeded by the Earl of Warwick, and held by his heirs until 1459 when it fell into abeyance
Baron Poynings (1337) Robert Poynings, 5th Baron Poynings 1387 1446 Died
Eleanor Percy, 6th Baroness Poynings 1446 1482
Baron Bourchier (1342) Henry Bourchier, 5th Baron Bourchier 1433 1483 Created Viscount Bourchier, see above
Baron Scrope of Masham (1350) John Scrope, 4th Baron Scrope of Masham 1426 1455
Baron Botreaux (1368) William de Botreaux, 3rd Baron Botreaux 1392 1462
Baron Scrope of Bolton (1371) Henry Scrope, 4th Baron Scrope of Bolton 1420 1459
Baron Cromwell (1375) Ralph de Cromwell, 3rd Baron Cromwell 1417 1455
Baron Bergavenny (1392) Elizabeth de Beauchamp, suo jure Baroness Bergavenny 1421 1447 Died
George Nevill, 4th Baron Bergavenny 1447 1492
Baron Grey of Codnor (1397) Henry Grey, 3rd Baron Grey of Codnor 1431 1444 Died
Henry Grey, 4th Baron Grey of Codnor 1444 1496
Baron Berkeley (1421) James Berkeley, 1st Baron Berkeley 1421 1463
Baron Hungerford (1426) Walter Hungerford, 1st Baron Hungerford 1426 1449 Died
Robert Hungerford, 2nd Baron Hungerford 1449 1459
Baron Tiptoft (1426) John de Tiptoft, 1st Baron Tiptoft 1426 1443 Died
John de Tiptoft, 2nd Baron Tiptoft 1443 1470 Created Earl of Worcester in 1449, and held by his heirs until 1485, when Barony fell into abeyance
Baron Latimer (1432) George Neville, 1st Baron Latimer 1432 1469
Baron Fanhope (1433) John Cornwall, 1st Baron Fanhope 1433 1443 Created Baron Milbroke in 1442; died, all titles extinct
Baron Dudley (1440) John Sutton, 1st Baron Dudley 1440 1487 New creation
Baron Sudeley (1441) Ralph Boteler, 1st Baron Sudeley 1441 1473 New creation
Baron Lisle (1444) John Talbot, 1st Baron Lisle 1444 1453 New creation
Baron de Moleyns (1445) Robert Hungerford, 1st Baron de Moleyns 1445 1461 New creation
Baron Saye and Sele (1447) James Fiennes, 1st Baron Saye and Sele 1447 1450 New creation
Baron Beauchamp of Powick (1447) John Beauchamp, 1st Baron Beauchamp of Powick 1447 1475 New creation
Baron Hoo and Hastings (1447) Thomas Hoo, Baron Hoo and Hastings 1447 1455 New creation
Baron Rivers (1448) Richard Woodville, 1st Baron Rivers 1448 1469 New creation
Baron Stourton (1448) John Stourton, 1st Baron Stourton 1448 1462 New creation
Baron Vessy (1449) Henry Bromflete, 1st Baron Vessy 1449 1469 New creation
Baron Bonville (1449) William Bonville, 1st Baron Bonville 1449 1461 New creation
Baron Egremont (1449) Thomas Percy, 1st Baron Egremont 1449 1460 New creation

Peerage of Scotland[edit]

Title Holder Date gained Date lost Notes
Duke of Rothesay (1398) - 1437 1452
Earl of Dunbar (1115) George II, Earl of March 1420 1457
Earl of Lennox (1184) Isabella, Countess of Lennox 1425 1458
Earl of Ross (1215) Alexander of Islay, Earl of Ross 1429 1449 Died
John of Islay, Earl of Ross 1449 1476
Earl of Sutherland (1235) John de Moravia, 7th Earl of Sutherland 1427 1460
Earl of Douglas (1358) William Douglas, 6th Earl of Douglas 1439 1440 Died
James Douglas, 7th Earl of Douglas 1440 1443
William Douglas, 8th Earl of Douglas 1443 1452
Earl of Moray (1372) Elizabeth Dunbar, 8th Countess of Moray 1429 1455
Earl of Orkney (1379) William Sinclair, Earl of Orkney 1410 1476 Lord Sinclair in 1449
Earl of Angus (1389) James Douglas, 3rd Earl of Angus 1437 1446 Died
George Douglas, 4th Earl of Angus 1446 1463
Earl of Crawford (1398) David Lindsay, 3rd Earl of Crawford 1439 1446 Died
Alexander Lindsay, 4th Earl of Crawford 1446 1453
Earl of Menteith (1427) Malise Graham, 1st Earl of Menteith 1427 1490
Earl of Avondale (1437) James Douglas, 1st Earl of Avondale 1437 1443 Succeeded to the more senior Earldom of Douglas, see above
Earl of Huntly (1445) Alexander Gordon, 1st Earl of Huntly 1445 1470 New creation
Earl of Ormond (1445) Hugh Douglas, Earl of Ormonde 1445 1455 New creation
Lord Erskine (1429) Robert Erskine, 1st Lord Erskine 1429 1453 de jure 12th Earl of Mar
Lord Hay (1429) William Hay, 1st Lord Hay 1429 1462
Lord Somerville (1430) William Somerville, 2nd Lord Somerville 1438 1456
Lord Lorne (1439) Robert Stewart, 1st Lord of Lorne 1439 1449 Died
John Stewart, 2nd Lord of Lorne 1449 1463
Lord Haliburton of Dirleton (1441) Walter de Haliburton, 1st Lord Haliburton of Dirleton 1441 1447 New creation; died
John Haliburton, 2nd Lord Haliburton of Dirleton 1447 1454
Lord Forbes (1442) Alexander Forbes, 1st Lord Forbes 1442 1448 New creation; died
James Forbes, 2nd Lord Forbes 1448 1462
Lord Crichton (1443) William Crichton, 1st Lord Crichton 1443 1454 New creation
Lord Hamilton (1445) James Hamilton, 1st Lord Hamilton 1445 1479 New creation
Lord Maxwell (1445) Herbert Maxwell, 1st Lord Maxwell 1445 1454 New creation
Lord Glamis (1445) Patrick Lyon, 1st Lord Glamis 1445 1459 New creation
Lord Graham (1445) Patrick Graham, 1st Lord Graham 1445 1466 New creation
Lord Leslie and Ballinbreich (1445) George Leslie, 1st Lord Leslie and Ballinbreich 1445 1490 New creation
Lord Lindsay of the Byres (1445) Lawrence Abernethy, 1st Lord Saltoun 1445 1460 New creation
Lord Saltoun (1445) Lawrence Abernethy, 1st Lord Saltoun 1445 1460 New creation
Lord Campbell (1445) Duncan Campbell, 1st Lord Campbell 1445 1453 New creation
Lord Gray (1445) Andrew Gray, 1st Lord Gray 1445 1469 New creation
Lord Montgomerie (1449) Alexander Montgomerie, 1st Lord Montgomerie 1449 1470 New creation

Peerage of Ireland[edit]

Title Holder Date gained Date lost Notes
Earl of Ulster (1264) Richard of York, 8th Earl of Ulster 1425 1460
Earl of Kildare (1316) Thomas FitzGerald, 7th Earl of Kildare 1434 1478
Earl of Ormond (1328) James Butler, 4th Earl of Ormond 1405 1452
Earl of Desmond (1329) James FitzGerald, 6th Earl of Desmond 1420 1463
Earl of Waterford (1446) John Talbot, 1st Earl of Waterford 1446 1453 New creation
Baron Athenry (1172) Thomas II de Bermingham 1428 1473
Baron Kingsale (1223) Patrick de Courcy, 11th Baron Kingsale 1430 1460
Baron Kerry (1223) Thomas Fitzmaurice, 8th Baron Kerry 1410 1469
Baron Barry (1261) William Barry, 8th Baron Barry 1420 1480
Baron Gormanston (1370) Christopher Preston, 3rd Baron Gormanston 1422 1450
Baron Slane (1370) Christopher Fleming, 3rd Baron Slane 1435 1446 Died
Christopher Fleming, 4th Baron Slane 1446 1457
Baron Howth (1425) Christopher St Lawrence, 2nd Baron Howth 1430 1465
Baron Killeen (1449) Christopher Plunkett, 1st Baron Killeen 1449 1455 New creation

References[edit]

  • Cokayne, George Edward, ed. (1887). Complete peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, extant, extinct or dormant. 1–8 (1st ed.). London: George Bell & Sons. 
  • Cracroft-Brennan, Patrick. "Cracroft's Peerage" (web). Heraldic Media Limited. Retrieved 2012-06-15. 
Preceded by
List of peers 1430–1439
Peers by year
1440–1449
Succeeded by
List of peers 1450–1459