List of peninsulas

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The world's largest peninsula, the Arabian Peninsula

A peninsula (Latin: paeninsula from paene "almost" and insula "island") is a piece of land that is bordered by water on three sides but connected to mainland.[1][2][3][4] The surrounding water is usually understood to be continuous, though not necessarily named as such. A peninsula can also be a headland, cape, island promontory, bill, point, or spit.[5] A point is generally considered a tapering piece of land projecting into a body of water that is less prominent than a cape.[6] In English, the plural of peninsula is peninsulas or, less commonly, peninsulae. A river which courses through a very tight meander is also sometimes said to form a "peninsula" within the (almost closed) loop of water.

Presented below is a list of peninsulas.

Africa[edit]

The Horn of Africa also known as the Somali peninsula.

Somali peninsula[edit]

The Horn of Africa is a peninsula in Northeast Africa that juts into the Guardafui Channel, and is the easternmost projection of the African continent. It denotes the region containing the countries of Somalia, Eritrea, Djibouti and Ethiopia.

North Africa[edit]

Other[edit]

Antarctica

Asia[edit]

China[edit]

Hong Kong[edit]

Russia[edit]

Taiwan[edit]

Turkey[edit]

Map of Anatolian Peninsula at the Asian part of Turkey.

Eastern Mediterranean[edit]

Indian subcontinent and South Asia[edit]

South India (Peninsular India).

The Indian subcontinent is a peninsula, the only land feature in the world that is widely recognized as a subcontinent in the English language.

Japan[edit]

Kyūshū[edit]

Honshū[edit]

Hokkaido[edit]

Kazakhstan[edit]

Korea[edit]

Korean Peninsula.

The whole land mass encompassing North and South Korea is a peninsula, surrounded by the Sea of Japan on the east, the East China Sea to the south, and the Yellow Sea to the west, with the Korea Strait connecting the first two bodies of water.

Persian Gulf[edit]

Indochina[edit]

Indonesia[edit]

Malaysia[edit]

Philippines[edit]

Singapore[edit]

Vietnam[edit]

Europe[edit]

Europe is sometimes considered to be a large peninsula extending off Eurasia.[7] As such, it is one of the largest peninsulas in the world and the only one to have the status as a full continent, largely as a matter of convention rather than science. It is composed of many smaller peninsulas, the four main component peninsulas being the Iberian, Scandinavian, Italian, and Balkan peninsulas.

Balkan Peninsula[edit]

The Balkans is a peninsula including Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece, Kosovo, Macedonia, Montenegro, Romania, Serbia, Slovenia and the European part of Turkey.

France[edit]

Iberian Peninsula[edit]

Satellite view of the Iberian Peninsula

Encompassing continental Spain and Portugal, Andorra, British overseas territory of Gibraltar and a small amount of southern France.

Ireland[edit]

Italy[edit]

Satellite view of the Italian Peninsula
The Kamchatka Peninsula in Far-East Russia between the Pacific Ocean and the Sea of Okhotsk, is one of the most volcanically active regions on Earth, with over 100 volcanoes, part of the Ring of Fire system.

Malta[edit]

Russia[edit]

The Kamchatka Peninsula in Russia is one of the most well-known peninsulas in the world, surrounded by the Pacific Ocean to the east and the Sea of Okhotsk to the east. It is one of the most volcanically active places in the world, part of the Ring of Fire system, with over a hundred volcanoes. The Kamchatka Krai occupies the peninsula but the northern part is in the mainland.

Curonian Spit, a large peninsula in the Baltic Sea

Scandinavia[edit]

Scandinavia is a peninsula and along with other islands encompassing present-day Sweden, Norway, Denmark, and part of Finland.

Turkey[edit]

Ukraine[edit]

United Kingdom[edit]

England[edit]

Southwestern England and the English Channel. France's Brittany Peninsula is also shown at the bottom of the picture.

Scotland[edit]

Wales[edit]

Northern Ireland[edit]

Channel Islands[edit]

Other peninsulas in Europe[edit]

A small peninsula in Croatia
Au peninsula, Lake Zürich, Switzerland

North America[edit]

Belize[edit]

Canada[edit]

Alberta[edit]

British Columbia[edit]

Manitoba[edit]

New Brunswick[edit]

Newfoundland and Labrador[edit]

Northwest Territories[edit]

Nova Scotia[edit]

Nunavut[edit]

Ontario[edit]

Prince Edward Island[edit]

Quebec[edit]

Saskatchewan[edit]

Yukon[edit]

Caribbean[edit]

Costa Rica[edit]

Greenland[edit]

Mexico[edit]

Panama[edit]

United States[edit]

Alaska[edit]

California[edit]

Florida[edit]

The Floridian Peninsula, shown by a NASA satellite image.

Florida is a well-known example of a large peninsula, with its land area divided between the larger Florida peninsula and the smaller Florida panhandle on the north and west. It has several smaller peninsulas within it:

Maryland[edit]

Mid-Atlantic shoreline showing, from the upper right, the Cape May Peninsula of New Jersey, Delaware Bay, the Delmarva Peninsula, and Chesapeake Bay. Also visible are the peninsulas of Maryland and Virginia along the Chesapeake's shores.

Massachusetts[edit]

Cape Cod, a peninsula of Massachusetts

Michigan[edit]

The large Michigan Peninsulas from space, showing both the Upper Peninsula and Lower Peninsula.

New Jersey[edit]

New York[edit]

Long Island, New York, with its North and South Forks.
  • Irondequoit, NY (Geographical headland)

Utah[edit]

  • Antelope Island, Utah, becomes a peninsula when waters are low, on the south shore of the Great Salt Lake
  • Promontory Peninsula, on the north eastern shore of the Great Salt Lake
  • Stansbury Peninsula becomes an island when waters are high, on the south shore of the Great Salt Lake

Virginia[edit]

Washington[edit]

Other states[edit]

South America[edit]

Oceania[edit]

Australia[edit]

A beach on the Mornington Peninsula

Papua New Guinea[edit]

New Zealand[edit]

NASA satellite photo of Otago Peninsula and Otago Harbour. The city of Dunedin is located at the isthmus at lower left.
In the North Island
In the South Island

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Editors of the American Heritage Dictionaries, ed. (2004). Word Histories and Mysteries: From Abracadabra to Zeus. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. p. 216. ISBN 978-0547350271. OCLC 55746553. 
  2. ^ "pen·in·su·la". American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. 2016. Retrieved 1 May 2016. 
  3. ^ "Definition of peninsula". Cambridge Dictionaries Online. Cambridge University Press. Retrieved 1 May 2016. 
  4. ^ A PENINSULA IS A PENGUIN OCEAN "Definition of peninsula" Check |url= value (help). Merriam-Webster Dictionary. Merriam-Webster. Retrieved 1 May 2016. 
  5. ^ "List of peninsulas". Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. 2016. Retrieved 1 May 2016. 
  6. ^ http://travelingluck.com/Africa/Sierra%20Leone/Northern/_2409328_Fourah+Point.html#local_map
  7. ^ National Geographic, ed. (1996). "Peninsula". Retrieved 18 January 2015. 

External links[edit]

  • The dictionary definition of peninsula at Wiktionary
  • Media related to Peninsulas at Wikimedia Commons