List of people assassinated by the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam

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The following is a list of notable people assassinated by the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam, commonly known as Tamil Tigers or as LTTE.[1][2] The LTTE is a now-defunct militant organisation that was based in northern Sri Lanka, which fought for a separate Tamil state in the north and east of Sri Lanka between 1983 and 2009.[3] The LTTE was decisively defeated by the Sri Lankan Military in May 2009 and it has been banned by 30 countries, including the United States, Canada, India and the 27 member nations of the European Union.[4] At the height of its power, the LTTE possessed a well-developed militia and carried out many high-profile attacks, including the assassinations of an Indian prime minister, Sri Lankan president and several other high-ranking Sri Lankan politicians.[5][6][7][8] Some of the notable people who survived the assassination attempts of LTTE, are also included at the bottom of this list.

Heads of state and government[edit]

Government ministers[edit]

Members of Sri Lankan parliament[edit]

Senior military and police officers[edit]

Prelates[edit]

Activists and journalists[edit]

Others[edit]

Attempted assassinations[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Other sources blame Athulathmudali's assassination on the Security Forces.[12]
  2. ^ a b c Other sources blame Jayamaha, Kobbekaduwa and Wimalaratne's assassinations on the Army.[30]
  3. ^ The Eelam National Democratic Liberation Front, an offshoot of PLOTE, claimed responsibility for Maheswaran's assassination.[61] Other independent sources blame Maheswaran's assassination on disgruntled members of PLOTE.[62][63]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gunaratna, Rohan (2001-11-03). "Intelligence failures exposed by Tamil Tiger airport attack". Jane's Information Group. Archived from the original on 2007-03-03. Retrieved 2007-04-27. 
  2. ^ Audrey Kurth Cronin; Huda Aden; Adam Frost & Benjamin Jones (2004-02-06). "CRS Report for Congress, Foreign Terrorist Organizations" (PDF). Bureau of Consular Affairs. The Library of Congress. Retrieved 2015-04-29. 
  3. ^ Sri Lanka Conflict timeline, IRIN Asia
  4. ^ The European Union Lists Sri Lanka's Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) as a Banned Terrorist Organization, Worldwatch Institute
  5. ^ Taming the Tamil Tigers, The FBI
  6. ^ a b "Tamil Tiger 'regret' over Gandhi". BBC News. 27 June 2006. Retrieved 2014-03-03. 
  7. ^ a b "Sri Lanka assassination plot". BBC News. 27 July 1998. Retrieved 2014-03-03. 
  8. ^ a b c d e f g Jane's Sentinel on LTTE success in resisting Sri Lankan forces, Tamil nation
  9. ^ Sambandan, V. S. (5 September 2005). "Inquiries into Premadasa, Dissanayake killings closed". Chennai, India: The Hindu. Retrieved 2014-03-03. 
  10. ^ "On This Day 21 May - 1991: Bomb kills India's former leader Rajiv Gandhi". BBC. 21 May 1991. Retrieved 2014-03-03. 
  11. ^ a b c d e "Jane's Sentinel on LTTE success in resisting Sri Lankan forces". Tamil Nation. 4 September 2000. Retrieved 11 April 2014. 
  12. ^ Rajasingham, K. T. "Chapter 58: Premadasa indicted". Sri Lanka: The Untold Story. 
  13. ^ a b c d e f g h "Prominent Political Leaders Assassinated by The LTTE". South Asia Terrorism Portal. Retrieved 11 April 2014. 
  14. ^ "On This Day 2 March - 1991: Sri Lankan hardliner among 19 killed in blast". BBC. 2 March 1991. Retrieved 2014-03-03. 
  15. ^ "The LTTE's war trap, The Hindu". Hindu.com. 2006-08-17. Retrieved 2014-03-03. 
  16. ^ "Senior Sri Lanka minister killed". BBC News. London. August 13, 2005. Retrieved 2014-03-03. 
  17. ^ "BBCSinhala.com". Retrieved 17 December 2014. 
  18. ^ "D.M. Dassanayake, a Sri Lankan minister, is killed by bomb". New York Times. 8 January 2008. Retrieved 2014-03-03. 
  19. ^ a b c d D. B. S. Jeyaraj (16 March 2008). "Assassinating Tamil Parliamentarians: The unceasing waves". The Nation, Sri Lanka. 
  20. ^ a b Rajasingham, K. T. "Chapter 39: Amirthalingham eliminated". SRI LANKA: THE UNTOLD STORY. 
  21. ^ "Document - Sri Lanka: Tamil Tigers leaders should account for latest killings - Amnesty International". Retrieved 17 December 2014. 
  22. ^ "Welcome to UTHR, Sri Lanka". Retrieved 17 December 2014. 
  23. ^ Rajasingham , KT (February 2, 2002). "SRI LANKA: THE UNTOLD STORY - Chapter 27 - Horsewhip Amirthalingham". Asia Times. Retrieved 11 April 2014. 
  24. ^ LTTE has so far killed 25 parliamentarians
  25. ^ "Special Report No 17 - Rewarding Tyranny: Undermining the Democratic Potential for Peace". University Teachers for Human Rights. 7 October 2003. 
  26. ^ Batti political family scion beckons Tamils away from politics of hate, The Island
  27. ^ Suicide bomber kills Lankan MP
  28. ^ "Sri Lanka: Tamil politician assassinated". BBC News. July 29, 1999. Retrieved 2014-03-03. 
  29. ^ Subramanian, T. S. (14 August 1999). "Chronicle of murders". Frontline. Vol. 16 no. 17. ISSN 0970-1710. Archived from the original on 10 November 2012. 
  30. ^ Rajasingham, K. T. "Chapter 52: President blamed for assassinations". Sri Lanka: The Untold Story. 
  31. ^ Sri Lanka general killed in blast - BBC News
  32. ^ "Passage - Died". Asiaweek. Archived from the original on 5 August 2012. Retrieved 11 April 2014. 
  33. ^ Brigadier Larry Wijeratne's Legacy- UTHR(Jaffna)-Sri Lanka
  34. ^ "The Island". Retrieved 17 December 2014. 
  35. ^ "The fall of Elephant Pass". The Sunday Times. Retrieved 1 September 2014. 
  36. ^ Situation Report 7th July 1996 - How 2 brave soldiers saved minister By Iqbal Athas www.sundaytimes.lk
  37. ^ a b Subramaniam , Nirupama. "Murder of Brigadier Susantha Mendis". Indian Express. Lanka Library. Retrieved 1 September 2014. 
  38. ^ "Maj Gen Janaka Perera and his wife killed in LTTE suicide attack in Anuradhapura". Asian Tribune. Retrieved 1 September 2014. 
  39. ^ "Lt Gen Denzil Kobbekaduwa & Other Heroes Remembered at Araly". News.lk. Retrieved 1 September 2014. 
  40. ^ "Harry Goonatilake, a true patriot". Daily News- Spice. Retrieved 1 September 2014. 
  41. ^ Fourth anniversary of Col. Muthaliff’s assassination
  42. ^ LTTE assassinates Major Nizam Muthalif- Society for Peace, Unity and Human Rights in Sri Lanka (SPUR)
  43. ^ President survives assassination bid
  44. ^ "Suicide Attacks by the LTTE". SATP. Retrieved 1 September 2014. 
  45. ^ The Saddest Day in Police History - Daily News
  46. ^ "Chronology Of Ltte Terror - Part 57". Daily News Archives. Daily News Online. 4 August 2009. Retrieved 28 June 2014. 
  47. ^ "Marking of Aranthalava massacre: Reminder of inhumanity of LTTE". Retrieved 1 September 2014. 
  48. ^ Hindu Priest Shot Dead by Suspected LTTE Amid Fierce Clashes , Outlook India
  49. ^ Hindu priest shot dead, The Hindu
  50. ^ Kurukkal gunned down by LTTE : Trail of atrocities, Tops.lk
  51. ^ Foreword- University Teachers of Human Rights for Human Rights Sri lanka
  52. ^ "The Sunday Leader Online". Retrieved 17 December 2014. 
  53. ^ "Martyred Bala Nadarajah Iyer remembered in Toronto, Canada despite threats and intimidation". Retrieved 17 December 2014. 
  54. ^ "Welcome to UTHR, Sri Lanka". Retrieved 17 December 2014. 
  55. ^ "On the occasion of the release of No More Tears Sister, a film on the life and times of Rajani Thiranagama". University Teachers for Human Rights (Jaffna), Sri Lanka. Retrieved 1 September 2014. 
  56. ^ "8th death anniversary of popular Tamil Broadcaster gunned down by LTTE". Daily News. November 15, 2013. Retrieved 1 September 2014. 
  57. ^ Gautamadasa, Aravinda (2014-03-03). "Commemorating a slain principal". The Island, Sri Lanka. 
  58. ^ "Jaffna Govt. Agent Shot Dead". Tamil Times. Vol. VIII no. 6. May 1989. p. 17. ISSN 0266-4488. 
  59. ^ Assassination of Tamil Leader Appapillai Amirthalingam by the LTTE 25 Years Ago
  60. ^ "Asia Times". Retrieved 17 December 2014. 
  61. ^ Rajasingham, K. T. "Chapter 36: Indians rule the roost". Sri Lanka: The Untold Story. 
  62. ^ Jeyaraj, D. B. S. (15 May 2005). "From gun to pen - II". The Sunday Leader. 
  63. ^ Rajasingham, K. T. "Chapter 39: Amirthalingham eliminated". Sri Lanka: The Untold Story. 
  64. ^ Eastern Province CM’s Personal Secretary, driver gunned down Archived 2011-06-29 at the Wayback Machine. Sri Lanka Daily News - November 15, 2008
  65. ^ Sri Lankan President Kumaratunga narrowly escapes assassination by suicide bomber, WSWS.org
  66. ^ President Chandrika Bandaranaike Kumaratunga, GlobalSecurity.org
  67. ^ Minister Maithripala Sirisena miraculously escapes, Asian Tribune
  68. ^ Columns - Situation report, The Sunday Times
  69. ^ Former Army Commander Sarath Fonseka promoted Field Marshal Archived 2015-07-07 at the Wayback Machine., Daily News
  70. ^ Attacks blamed on Sri Lanka's Tamil Tigers , The Reuters
  71. ^ Three-wheeler got closer and closer and then a bang..., The Sunday Times, Asif Furad
  72. ^ LTTE explodes a human bomb-targeting Minister Douglas Devananda
  73. ^ Attempt on Douglas Devananda’s life , The Island
  74. ^ Nimal: I'm going back to Jaffna, The Sunday Times