List of people convicted of treason

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This is a list of people convicted of treason.

Some countries have a high constitutional hurdle to conviction for treason, while many countries have less stringent definitions.

Armenia[edit]

Austria[edit]

Austria-Hungary[edit]

Canada[edit]

China[edit]

Republic of Congo[edit]

Czechoslovakia[edit]

Denmark[edit]

East Germany[edit]

England[edit]

For those convicted on or after 1 May 1707, see Great Britain and United Kingdom.

Estonia[edit]

Fiji[edit]

  • George Speight, for plotting the Fiji coup of 2000. Death sentence commuted to life in prison.
  • Ratu Jope Seniloli, incumbent Vice-President (in 2004), for his role in the coup of 2000. Sentenced to four years in prison; released by a sympathetic government after three months.

Finland[edit]

  • Lauri Törni, for having served with the Waffen-SS at the end of World War II, later received a presidential pardon

France[edit]

Image taken from Trial of Marshal Ney for high treason taken in short-hand at the time of trial, 1816

Germany[edit]

Great Britain[edit]

For those before 1 May 1707, see England and Scotland. For those convicted on or after 1 January 1801, see United Kingdom

Greece[edit]

  • Dimitrios Gounaris, Prime Minister of Greece (1921–1922), convicted of treason in 1922 for the Asia Minor catastrophe. Executed 15 November 1922.
  • Petros Protopapadakis, Minister of Economy in Dimitrios Gounaris' government and later Prime Minister of Greece (1922), convicted of treason for the Asia Minor catastrophe. Executed 15 November 1922.
  • Nikolaos Stratos, Minister of Internal Affairs in Gounaris' government, convicted of treason for the Asia Minor catastrophe. Executed 15 November 1922.
  • Georgios Baltatzis [el], Minister of Foreign Affairs in Gounaris' government, convicted of treason for the Asia Minor catastrophe. Executed 15 November 1922.
  • Nikolaos Theotokis [el], Minister of Military Affairs in Gounaris' government, convicted of treason for the Asia Minor catastrophe. Executed 15 November 1922.
  • Georgios Hatzanestis, commanding officer of the Asia Minor and Eastern Thrace Greek army, convicted of treason for the Asia Minor catastrophe. Executed 15 November 1922.
  • Michail Goudas [el], rear admiral and minister in Gounaris' government, convicted of treason for the Asia Minor catastrophe. Sentenced to life imprisonment.
  • Xenophon Stratigos, major general and minister in Gounaris' government, convicted of treason for the Asia Minor catastrophe. Sentenced to life imprisonment.
  • George Papadopoulos, Greek colonel, leader of a military junta (1967–1973), convicted of treason and jailed for life, died in Korydallos prison 27 June 1999.

Hawaii[edit]

The Republic of Hawaii government had one trial for treason after the failed 1895 Counter-Revolution in Hawaii. Those charged were found guilty, but pardoned after serving time in prison.[10]

Hungary[edit]

Israel[edit]

Japan[edit]

Kenya[edit]

  • Hezekiah Ochuka, Kenya airforce soldier, for conspiring to overthrow the government of Daniel Moi in 1982

Kuwait[edit]

Mexico[edit]

Netherlands[edit]

New Zealand[edit]

  • Patrick Stanley Vaughan Heenan, for passing information to the Japanese during World War II (was not convicted under New Zealand civil law)
  • Hamiora Pere, for fighting against the British government in Te Kooti's War; only person executed for treason in New Zealand

Norway[edit]

Pakistan[edit]

Poland[edit]

For the betrayal of General Stefan Rowecki to the Gestapo:

For betrayal of the Polish People's Republic:

  • Witold Pilecki ("Druh"), death for espionage for the Polish Government-in-exile, executed in 1948, posthumously acquitted in 1990
  • Ryszard Kukliński ("Jack Strong"), escaped to the US in 1981, sentenced to death in absentia in 1984, in 1990 sentence changed to 25 years of imprisonment, in 1995 sentence cancelled due to search of the 1st President of the Supreme Court, fully pardoned in 1997
  • Adam Kaczmarczyk, death for espionage for MI16, executed in 1969

Russia[edit]

Scotland[edit]

For those convicted on or after 1 May 1707, see Great Britain and United Kingdom.

South Africa[edit]

Soviet Union[edit]

For those convicted on or after 25 December 1991, see Russia .

Spain[edit]

Sri Lanka[edit]

Sweden[edit]

Switzerland[edit]

  • Jean-Louis Jeanmaire, sentenced to 18 years of prison (released after 12 for good behavior) for leaking information to the Soviet KGB.

Turkey[edit]

  • Abdullah Öcalan, life sentence (originally death penalty) for trying to establish a Kurdish state in Turkey.

Ukraine[edit]

United Kingdom[edit]

For those before 1 January 1801, see England, Scotland, and Great Britain.

United States[edit]

Zambia[edit]

  • Steven Lungu, also known as Captain Solo. Sentenced to death for an attempted coup in 1997, he was pardoned in 2010 by President Rupiah Banda.

Zimbabwe[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Valode, Philippe (2007). Les Grands traitres de l'histoire. Paris, France: First Edition. p. 233.
  2. ^ Valode, Philippe (2007). Les Grands traitres de l'histoire. Paris, France: First Edition. p. 155.
  3. ^ Valode, Philippe (2007). Les Grands traitres de l'histoire. Paris, France: First Edition. p. 175.
  4. ^ Valode, Philippe (2007). Les Grands traitres de l'histoire. Paris, France: First Edition. p. 112.
  5. ^ Valode, Philippe (2007). Les Grands traitres de l'histoire. Paris, France: First Edition. p. 95.
  6. ^ Valode, Philippe (2007). Les Grands traitres de l'histoire. Paris, France: First Edition. p. 214.
  7. ^ Valode, Philippe (2007). Les Grands traitres de l'histoire. Paris, France: First Edition. p. 229.
  8. ^ Valode, Philippe (2007). Les Grands traitres de l'histoire. Paris, France: First Edition. p. 203.
  9. ^ Conway, Moncure Daniel (1893) [1892]. The Life of Thomas Paine. New York: Knickerbocker Press. p. 375. Archived from the original on 2009-04-18. Retrieved 2006-07-06.
  10. ^ "Prisoners Pardoned". Hawaiian Gazette. Honolulu. January 3, 1896. Retrieved June 20, 2010.
  11. ^ Kudrytski, Aliaksandr. "Ousted Ukrainian Leader Yanukovych Found Guilty of Treason". Bloomberg.com. Bloomberg.
  12. ^ "Pentrich Revolution". www.visitambervalley.co.uk. Retrieved 2020-09-17.
  13. ^ a b M, Morris (March 7, 2019). "EVERY AMERICAN EVER CONVICTED OF TREASON (AND WHAT HAPPENED NEXT)". Retrieved July 3, 2020.
  14. ^ "e-WV | Walter Allen". www.wvencyclopedia.org. Retrieved 2020-09-17.
  15. ^ "Max Stephan Found Guilty as a Traitor". Detroit Free Press. July 3, 1942. p. 1 – via Newspapers.com.
  16. ^ "Stephan in Death Cell; Boasts 'I Won't Hang'". Detroit Free Press. August 7, 1942. p. 1 – via Newspapers.com.
  17. ^ "Stephan Saved By FDR". Detroit Free Press. July 2, 1943. p. 1 – via Newspapers.com.
  18. ^ "UNITED STATES v. HAUPT | 47 F.Supp. 836 (1942) | supp8361668 | Leagle.com". Leagle. Retrieved 2020-09-17.
  19. ^ "United States v. Haupt, 136 F.2d 661 – CourtListener.com". CourtListener. Retrieved 2020-09-17.
  20. ^ The Milwaukee Journal, June 10, 1944, p.6
  21. ^ "UNITED STATES v. HAUPT | 152 F.2d 771 (1945) | 2f2d7711654 | Leagle.com". Leagle. Retrieved 2020-09-17.
  22. ^ "Froehling change in sentences. 22 Jul 1944". Belvidere Daily Republican. 1944-07-22. p. 1. Retrieved 2020-09-17.
  23. ^ "The Haupt Case". LII / Legal Information Institute. Retrieved 2020-09-17.