List of people convicted of treason

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This is a list of people convicted of treason.

Some countries, such as the U.S., have a high constitutional hurdle to conviction for treason, while many countries, especially absolute monarchies and dictatorships, have less stringent definitions.

Armenia[edit]

Austria[edit]

Austria-Hungary[edit]

Canada[edit]

China[edit]

Republic of Congo[edit]

Czechoslovakia[edit]

Denmark (under the Nazi occupation government)[edit]

East Germany[edit]

England[edit]

For those convicted on or after 1 May 1707, see Great Britain and United Kingdom.

Estonia[edit]

Fiji[edit]

  • George Speight, for plotting the Fiji coup of 2000. Death sentence commuted to life in prison.
  • Ratu Jope Seniloli, incumbent Vice-President (in 2004), for his role in the coup of 2000. Sentenced to four years in gaol; released by a sympathetic government after three months.

Finland[edit]

  • Lauri Törni, for having served with the German Army at the end of World War II, later received a presidential pardon

France[edit]

Image taken from Trial of Marshal Ney for high treason taken in short-hand at the time of trial, 1916

Germany[edit]

Great Britain[edit]

For those before 1 May 1707, see England and Scotland. For those convicted on or after 1 January 1801, see United Kingdom

Greece[edit]

  • Dimitrios Gounaris, Prime Minister of Greece (1921–1922), convicted of treason in 1922 for the Asia Minor catastrophe. Executed 15 November 1922.
  • Petros Protopapadakis, Minister of Economy in Dimitrios Gounaris' government and later Prime Minister of Greece (1922), convicted of treason for the Asia Minor catastrophe. Executed 15 November 1922.
  • Nikolaos Stratos, Minister of Internal Affairs in Gounaris' government, convicted of treason for the Asia Minor catastrophe. Executed 15 November 1922.
  • Georgios Baltatzis (el), Minister of Foreign Affairs in Gounaris' government, convicted of treason for the Asia Minor catastrophe. Executed 15 November 1922.
  • Nikolaos Theotokis (el), Minister of Military Affairs in Gounaris' government, convicted of trason for the Asia Minor catastrophe. Executed 15 November 1922.
  • Georgios Hatzanestis, commanding officer of the Asia Minor and Eastern Thrace Greek army, convicted of treason for the Asia Minor catastrophe. Executed 15 November 1922.
  • Michail Goudas (el), rear admiral and minister in Gounaris' government, convicted of treason for the Asia Minor catastrophe. Sentenced to life imprisonment.
  • Xenophon Stratigos, major general and minister in Gounaris' government, convicted of treason for the Asia Minor catastrophe. Sentenced to life imprisonment.
  • George Papadopoulos, Greek colonel, leader of a military junta (1967-1973), convicted of treason and jailed for life, dying in Korydallos prison.

Hawaii[edit]

The Republic of Hawaii government had one trial for treason after the failed 1895 Counter-Revolution in Hawaii. Those charged were found guilty, but pardoned after serving time in prison.[10]

Hungary[edit]

India[edit]

Israel[edit]

Japan[edit]

Kenya[edit]

  • Hezekiah Ochuka, Kenya airforce soldier, for conspiring to overthrow the government of Daniel Moi in 1982

Kuwait[edit]

Mexico[edit]

Netherlands[edit]

New Zealand[edit]

Norway[edit]

Pakistan[edit]

Poland[edit]

For the betrayal of General Stefan Rowecki to Gestapo:

Russia[edit]

Scotland[edit]

For those convicted on or after 1 May 1707, see Great Britain and United Kingdom.

Soviet Union[edit]

For those convicted on or after 25 December 1991, see Russia .

Spain[edit]

Sweden[edit]

Switzerland[edit]

  • Jean-Louis Jeanmaire, sentenced to 18 years of prison (released after 12 for good behavior) for leaking information to the Soviet KGB.

Sri Lanka[edit]

  • Velupillai Prabhakaran, the Tamil rebel leader who fought with the government for 30 years. Prabhakaran was convicted in absentia by a sensation-seeking Colombo High Court judge Sarath Ambepitiya (a Sinhalese ethnic) based on dubious evidence. The crime was the Central Bank bomb blast in Colombo that happened on January 31, 1996, in which 96 died. Prabhakaran was not convicted for treason, but given a 200 years imprisonment. Sarath Ambepitiya was later assassinated on November 19, 2004, in a plot masterminded by a drug kingpin Mohamed Niyas Naufer.

Turkey[edit]

  • Abdullah Öcalan, life sentence (originally death penalty) for trying to establish a Kurdish state in Turkey.

United Kingdom[edit]

For those before 1 January 1801, see England, Scotland, and Great Britain.

United States[edit]

  • Walter Allen was convicted of treason on September 16, 1922 for taking part in the 1921 miners war with the coal companies and the US Army on Blair Mountain, West Virginia. He was sentenced to 10 years and fined. During his appealed to the Supreme Court he disappeared while out on bail. United Mineworkers of America leader William Blizzard was acquitted of the charge of treason by the jury on May 25, 1922.
  • Robert Henry Best, convicted of treason on April 16, 1948 and served a life sentence.
  • John Brown, convicted of treason against the Commonwealth of Virginia in 1859 and executed for attempting to organize armed resistance to slavery.
  • Iva Toguri D'Aquino, who is frequently identified with "Tokyo Rose" convicted 1949. Subsequently pardoned by President Gerald Ford.
  • Governor Thomas Dorr 1844, convicted of treason against the state of Rhode Island; see Dorr Rebellion; released in 1845; civil rights restored in 1851; verdict annulled in 1854.
  • John Fries, the leader of Fries' Rebellion, convicted of treason in 1800 along with two accomplices, and pardoned that same year by John Adams.
  • Mildred Gillars, also known as "Axis Sally", convicted of treason on March 8, 1949; served 12 years of a 10- to 30-year prison sentence.
  • Herbert Hans Haupt, German-born naturalized U.S. citizen, was convicted of treason in 1942 and executed after being named as a German spy by fellow German spies defecting to the United States.
  • Tomoya Kawakita, sentenced to death for treason in 1952, but eventually released by President John F. Kennedy to be deported to Japan.
  • Martin James Monti, United States Army Air Forces pilot, convicted of treason for defecting to the Waffen SS in 1944. He was paroled in 1960.
  • William Bruce Mumford, convicted of treason and hanged in 1862 for tearing down a United States flag during the American Civil War.
  • Aaron Dwight Stevens, took part in John Brown's raid and was executed in 1860 for treason against Virginia.
  • Philip Vigol and John Mitchell, convicted of treason and sentenced to hanging; pardoned by George Washington; see Whiskey Rebellion.

Zimbabwe[edit]


Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Valode, Philippe (2007). Les Grands traitres de l'histoire. Paris, France: First Edition. p. 233. 
  2. ^ Valode, Philippe (2007). Les Grands traitres de l'histoire. Paris, France: First Edition. p. 155. 
  3. ^ Valode, Philippe (2007). Les Grands traitres de l'histoire. Paris, France: First Edition. p. 175. 
  4. ^ Valode, Philippe (2007). Les Grands traitres de l'histoire. Paris, France: First Edition. p. 112. 
  5. ^ Valode, Philippe (2007). Les Grands traitres de l'histoire. Paris, France: First Edition. p. 95. 
  6. ^ Valode, Philippe (2007). Les Grands traitres de l'histoire. Paris, France: First Edition. p. 214. 
  7. ^ Valode, Philippe (2007). Les Grands traitres de l'histoire. Paris, France: First Edition. p. 229. 
  8. ^ Valode, Philippe (2007). Les Grands traitres de l'histoire. Paris, France: First Edition. p. 203. 
  9. ^ Conway, Moncure Daniel (1893) [1892]. The Life of Thomas Paine. New York: Knickerbocker Press. p. 375. Retrieved 2006-07-06. 
  10. ^ "Prisoners Pardoned". Hawaiian gazette (Honolulu). January 3, 1896. Retrieved June 20, 2010.