This is a list of people from
Harlem in New York City.
The early period (pre-1920) [ edit ]
Jewish, Italian, Irish Harlem (circa 1900–30) [ edit ]
Sholem Aleichem – writer, 110 Lenox Avenue 
Moe Berg – Major League Baseball catcher; spy
Milton Berle – comedian and actor, born in a five-story walkup at 68 West 118th Street 
Fanny Brice – actress, houses at West 128th Street and West 118th Street 
Art Buchwald – writer 
Bennett Cerf – publisher, was born on May 25, 1898, at 68 West 118th Street,  the same address as Milton Berle's 
Morris Raphael Cohen – philosopher, 498 West 135th Street 
Milt Gabler – record producer, responsible for many innovations in the recording industry of the 20th century 
Don Giosuele Galluci – gangster, 318 East 109th Street 
George and Ira Gershwin - composers, grew up in Harlem; lived at 108 West 111th and other addresses. George wrote his first hit song, "Swanee", at his home at 520 W. 144 Street in 1919.  The pair were living at 501 Cathedral Parkway in 1924, and it was in this apartment that George wrote "  Rhapsody in Blue." 
Oscar Hammerstein I – inventor and theatrical entrepreneur; lived at 333 Edgecombe Avenue 
Oscar Hammerstein II – writer and theatrical producer, addresses on East 116th Street and 112th Street 
Lorenz Hart – lyricist half of the Broadway songwriting team Rodgers and Hart, 59 West 119th Street 
Harry Houdini – magician; lived at 278 West 113th Street from 1904 until his death in 1926 
Frank Hussey – Olympian, 129th Street 
Burt Lancaster – Oscar-winning actor and producer 
Solomon Libin – writer in Yiddish 
Seymour Martin Lipset – political sociologist, senior fellow at the Hoover Institution at Stanford University, and Hazel Professor of Public Policy at George Mason University 
Ignazio Lupo – counterfeiter, gangster 
Marx Brothers – comedians, 239 East 114th Street 
Arthur Miller – playwright, 45 West 110th Street  
Giuseppe Morello – gangster, 323 East 107th Street 
Belle Moskowitz – political advisor to New York Governor and 1928 presidential candidate Al Smith 
Al Pacino – Academy Award-winning actor
Charlie Pilkington – three-time New York champion boxer; East 102nd Street
Ed Sullivan – Broadway & Sports columnist, host of the long-running televised Sunday evening variety show; East 114th Street
David Rappaport – fashion manufacturer, designer and painter 
Moses Reicherson – linguist, East 106th Street 
Richard Rogers – composer, 3 West 120th Street  
Yossele Rosenblatt – celebrated cantor 
Henry Roth – writer, 108 East 119th Street 
Jessie Sampter – poet 
John Sanford, born Julian Lawrence Shapiro – screenwriter and author who wrote 24 books 
Pasquarelli Spinelli – gangster, 318 East 109th Street 
Arthur Sulzberger – publisher of the New York Times 
Henrietta Szold – founder of Hadassah 
Vincent and Ciro Terranova – gangsters, 352 East 116th Street 
The Harlem Renaissance and World War II (1920–1945) [ edit ]
Louis Armstrong – bandleader and trumpet player 
Count Basie – bandleader and pianist; lived at 555 Edgecombe Avenue  
George Wilson Becton – religious cult leader 
Julius Bledsoe – singer; lived at 409 Edgecombe Avenue 
Arna Bontemps – writer
William Stanley Braithwaite – poet and essayist; lived at 409 Edgecombe Avenue 
Charles David Brooks, III – actor, director and professor of theatre; Harlem Hospital; lived at 53 Lenox Avenue
Eunice Carter – New York state judge; lived at 409 Edgecombe Avenue 
John Henrik Clarke – editor of Freedomways Magazine and of several books; professor; moved to Harlem in 1933 
Collyer brothers – compulsive hoarders; lived in a townhouse at 128th Street and Fifth Avenue in Harlem their entire adult lives
Countee Cullen – poet 
Lillian Harris Dean – entrepreneur known as "Pigfoot Mary"
Aaron Douglas – painter; lived at 409 Edgecombe Avenue  
W. E. B. Du Bois – activist, writer; lived at 409 Edgecombe  
Duke Ellington – composer, pianist and bandleader; lived on Riverside Drive and at 555 Edgecombe  
Father Divine – religious leader, lived in several locations in Harlem, including on  Astor Row, and maintained offices at 20 West 115th Street 
Rudolph Fisher – writer 
Marcus Garvey – political figure, black separatist. Home at 235 West 131st Street 
Billy Higgins (1888–1937), stage comedian, songwriter, and singer
Charles Manuel "Sweet Daddy" Grace – evangelist, born in Cape Verde Islands but became prominent in Harlem in the 1920s 
Lionel Hampton – jazz musician; lived in Harlem through World War II and for some years thereafter 
Hubert Harrison – "The Father of Harlem Radicalism"
Leonard Harper (producer) Harlem Renaissance Floorshow Stager and Colored Musical Comedy Director
Coleman Hawkins – musician, saxophone player; lived at 555 Edgecombe Avenue 
Johnnie Hodges – musician; lived at 555 Edgecombe 
Billie Holiday – singer; lived with her mother at 108 West 139th Street 
Casper Holstein – gangster
Lena Horne – singer and actress; lived at 555 Edgecombe Avenue 
Langston Hughes – writer 
Zora Neale Hurston – writer 
Bumpy Johnson – gangster; lived in Lenox Terrace at 132nd Street and Lenox Avenue near the end of his life 
James P. Johnson – pianist
James Weldon Johnson – author, activist, composer; lived at 187 West 135th Street 
Donald Jones – actor and dancer born in Harlem but moved to the Netherlands
Fiorello La Guardia – New York mayor, from East Harlem
Cora La Redd – dancer 
Alain Locke – editor 
Joe Louis – boxer; lived at 555 Edgecombe Avenue 
Claude McKay – poet and novelist; born in Jamaica but moved to Harlem and wrote the famous novel , West 131st Street Home to Harlem 
Florence Mills – entertainer
Adam Clayton Powell, Sr. – religious, civic leader 
A. Philip Randolph – activist, labor organizer
Paul Robeson – singer and actor; lived at 555 Edgecombe Avenue  
Bill "Bojangles" Robinson – dancer; lived on Strivers' Row 
James Herman Robinson – pastor of the Church of the Master on 122nd Street, founder of Operation Crossroads Africa, a forerunner of the Peace Corps
Stephanie St. Clair – criminal leader; lived at 409 Edgecombe Avenue 
Willie "The Lion" Smith – pianist
Wallace Thurman – writer 
Judge Charles E. Toney - first African-American elected judge in New York City (1930); lived at 409 Edgecombe Avenue
Jean Toomer – writer 
James Van Der Zee – photographer 
Madam C.J. Walker – philanthropist and tycoon
A'Lelia Walker – socialite and businesswoman
Fats Waller – pianist, born at 107 West 134th Street 
Ethel Waters – singer, actress; born in Chester, Pennsylvania
Walter Francis White – civil rights leader 
Bert Williams – vaudeville performer; born in Antigua; died in 1922, near the start of the Harlem Renaissance
Mary Lou Williams – pianist; lived at 63 Hamilton Terrace 
Famous after World War II [ edit ]
Miles Aiken, basketball player
Fiona Apple - singer-songwriter and pianist, raised in Morningside Gardens 
James Baldwin – novelist; lived at 131st Street and Adam Clayton Powell Blvd. (then called "Seventh Avenue") 
Amiri Baraka, born LeRoi Jones – dancer, poet, activist
Romare Bearden – artist, primarily working in collage
Harry Belafonte – calypso musician
Claude Brown – novelist, wrote Manchild in the Promised Land
Ron Brown – U.S. Secretary of Commerce, grew up in the Hotel Theresa 
Kareem Campbell – pro skateboarder
George Carlin – comedian; 121st Street between Amsterdam and Broadway 
Jimmy Castor – R&B/funk bandleader
Chevy Chase – comedian, raised in East Harlem 
Dr. Kenneth Clark – psychologist and activist; lived at 555 Edgecombe Avenue 
Evelyn Cunningham – civil-rights-era journalist and aide to Gov. Nelson A. Rockefeller of New York 
Jules Dassin – film director 
Benjamin J. Davis – New York city councilman, ultimately sent to jail for violations of the Smith Act 
Ossie Davis – actor and director; lived in Harlem in the late 1930s and mid-1940s
Sammy Davis, Jr. – entertainer, actor, member of Rat Pack, born in Harlem Hospital in 1925 
Roy DeCarava – photographer, born in Harlem in 1919 
Wanda De Jesus - actress
David Dinkins – Mayor of New York; lived in the Riverton Houses 
Ralph Ellison – novelist, wrote Invisible Man, about a man who moves from the deep south to Harlem; lived at 730 Riverside Drive in Harlem 
Erik Estrada – actor, from East Harlem Jack Geiger – physician, co-founder of
Physicians for Social Responsibility; lived with Canada Lee for a year at 555 Edgecombe Avenue 
Herbert Gentry – abstract expressionist painter, lived at 126th street and Amsterdam Avenue, 1940s
Althea Gibson – professional tennis player; lived at 115 West 143rd Street 
Oscar Hammerstein II – writer and theatrical producer 
W. C. Handy – composer and bandleader; lived on Strivers' Row in Harlem towards the end of his life 
Benny Harris – musician, trumpet 
Lorenz Hart – lyricist 
Johnny Hartman – vocalist; born in Louisiana, grew up in Chicago, moved to Harlem's Sugar Hill in 1950s
Evan Hunter, aka Ed McBain – author, grew up in East Harlem 
Roy Innis – head of the Congress of Racial Equality; lived in Harlem but ultimately moved to Brooklyn. "Forget Harlem. Brooklyn is now the world's black capital." 
June Jordan – Caribbean American poet, novelist, journalist, biographer, dramatist, teacher
JTG – WWE wrestler Charles Kenyatta – activist, pastor, bodyguard and confidant of Malcolm X
Ben E. King – soul singer and former lead tenor of The Drifters, best known for the song, " Stand By Me"
Canada Lee – actor; lived at 555 Edgecombe Avenue 
Frank Lucas – drug dealer
Frankie Lymon – lead tenor of The Teenagers, best known for the song " Why Do Fools Fall in Love?"
Malcolm X – preacher, revolutionary
Earl Manigault – basketball player
Thurgood Marshall – Supreme Court justice; lived at 409 Edgecombe Avenue  
Carl McCall – New York State senator, and Comptroller of New York State 
Jackie McLean – musician, alto saxophone *  Arthur Miller – playwright, was married to Marilyn Monroe 
Hal Miller – actor ( , Sesame Street , etc.); also painter, singer, poet, lyricist, lived at 152nd Street & Macombs Place in the 1950s, born in Harlem Law & Order
Moby – musician, born in Harlem
Alice Neel – artist; lived in East Harlem 
Eleanor Holmes Norton – head of the Commission of Human Rights for New York City, now non-voting Delegate from the District of Columbia to the United States House of Representatives. "There is something magical about Harlem." 
Elaine Parker – community organizer and activist, Chairperson of Harlem C.O.R.E. Director of the Manhattan Borough President's Office, Special Assistant to the City Council President City of NY 
Gordon Parks – film director and photographer 
Basil Paterson – New York state senator, New York City deputy mayor for labor relations, Vice-Chairman of the Democratic National Committee  
Fannie Pennington Harlem Civil Rights Foot Soldier
Samuel Pierce – Ronald Reagan's Secretary of Housing and Urban Development; lived in the Riverton Houses 
Adam Clayton Powell, Jr. – politician
Bud Powell – musician, pianist 
Tito Puente, Sr. - musician, Spanish Harlem
Gene Anthony Ray – dancer and actor  Isiah Robinson – president of the New York City Board of Education
Sugar Ray Robinson – boxer, entrepreneur; moved to Harlem at age 12
Sonny Rollins – musician, tenor saxophone 
Steve Rossi – comedian, former manager for Howard Stern 
Henry Roth – novelist 
J. D. Salinger – novelist; lived at 3681 Broadway until he was nine years old 
Hazel Scott – pianist, wife of Adam Clayton Powell, Jr., first African-American woman with her own television show.ref name="ng1977"/>
Nina Simone – singer; lived, for a time, in Duke Ellington's old house in Harlem 
Thomas Sowell – professional economist and author
Billy Strayhorn – jazz composer, arranger
Percy Sutton – Borough President of Manhattan: "If I were offered a million dollars, I wouldn't leave Harlem." 
Billy Taylor – jazz pianist; lived in the Riverton Houses 
Clarice Taylor – actress on the Cosby Show
Samuel E Vázquez – abstract expressionist painter  
Dinah Washington – "Queen of the Blues"; born in Alabama but became famous when she lived in Harlem 
Roy Wilkins – civil rights leader; lived at 409 Edgecombe 
Louis T. Wright – physician, chairman of the board of the NAACP 
Morrie Yohai – rabbi, inventor of Cheez Doodles 
Rap, hip hop, R&B and reality [ edit ]
40 Cal – rapper
ASAP Ferg - rapper ASAP Mob
ASAP Rocky - rapper from Harlem (member of ASAP Mob)
Azealia Banks – rapper, singer, lyricist
Black Rob - rapper from Spanish Harlem
Cam'ron – rapper (owner of Diplomat Records) (Dipset)
Cannibal Ox – rap duo
Charlie Clips – battle rapper
Crash Crew – old-school rap group
Yaya DaCosta – America's Next Top Model contestant/model
Damon Dash – former CEO of Roc-A-Fella Records
DJ Hollywood – VH-1 hip hop honoree; rap/hip-hop pioneer
DJ Red Alert – DJ, hip hop pioneer
Kool Moe Dee – old-school rapper and one-third of the Treacherous Three
Rob Base and DJ E-Z Rock – rap duo best known for their hit " It Takes Two"
Fatman Scoop – Grammy and MTV Award winner; radio personality; reality TV star
The Fearless Four – pioneer rap group
Doug E. Fresh – '80s rapper, runs a waffle house in Harlem
Spoonie Gee – pioneer rapper
Charles Hamilton – rapper
Ilacoin - hip hop artist, creator of the "Pause" game
Freddie Jackson – singer
Jim Jones (rapper) – rapper (co-CEO of Diplomat Records) (Dipset)
Kelis – R&B singer and songwriter
Big L – rapper (deceased)
Rayne Storm - rapper, producer (Digiindie)
Puff Daddy – rapper, businessman, founder of Bad Boy Records
Freekey Zekey – rapper (owner, CEO of 730 Dips Records)
Immortal Technique – rapper
Kurtis Blow – rapper
Lil Mama – rapper; judge of America's Best Dance Crew
Biz Markie – rapper, disc jockey owns a Waffle House
Mase – rapper
Jae Millz – rapper
P-Star – rapper, singer, actress
Ebony Haith – America's Next Top Model contestant, model
Teddy Riley – producer, artist
Carl Hancock Rux - writer, performer
Sheena Sakai – America's Next Top Model contestant, model
Isabel Sanford - actor; co-star of The Jeffersons
Juelz Santana – rapper (owner, CEO of Skull Gang Records)
Bre Scullark – America's Next Top Model contestant, model
Tupac Shakur - rapper, actor, poet (deceased)
Smoke DZA - rapper
Dani Stevenson – singer
Keith Sweat – singer
Teyana Taylor – singer and rapper signed to Kanye West's G.O.O.D. Music label
Treacherous Three – old-school rap group
T-Rex – battle rapper (member Of Dot Mob)
Vado – rapper (We The Best Records)
Billy Dee Williams – actor
JR Writer – rapper (Dipset member)
Dave East - rapper (Mass Appeal Records)
Q-Tip - rapper, producer ( A Tribe Called Quest)
21st-century residents [ edit ]
Representatives [ edit ]
References [ edit ]
^ a b c d e f g h i j REMEMBER: Harlem by Jonathan Gill post Harlem+Bespoke, January 24, 2011.
^ Frederic Alexander Birmingham, It Was Fun While it Lasted, 1960.
^ Malcolm, Bruce Perry, Station Hill, 1991, p. 154.
^ a b c Jonathan Gill, Harlem, p. 127.
^ Jonathan Gill, Harlem, p. 220.
^ "Tracing Scott Joplin's Life Through His Addresses", New York Times, Real Estate, February 4, 2007, p. 2.
^ Jonathan Gill, Harlem, p. 128.
^ "Ephemeral New York". Ephemeral New York . Retrieved . October 24, 2014
^ a b c "Harlem One-Stop" . Retrieved . October 24, 2014
^ a b c Jonathan Gill, Harlem, p. 158.
^ a b Jonathan Gill, Harlem, p. 87.
^ a b c Jonathan Gill, Harlem, p. 146.
^ a b Jonathan Gill, Harlem, p. 165.
^ Jonathan Gill, Harlem, p. 163.
^ a b Jonathan Gill, Harlem, p. 137.
^ Bennett Cerf, At Random, p. 2.
^ a b c Jonathan Gill, Harlem, p. 151.
^ "Milt Gabler Biography" . Retrieved . October 24, 2014
^ Jonathan Gill, Harlem, p. 164.
^ plaque outside 501 Cathedral Parkway.
^ Jonathan Gill, Harlem, p. 138.
^ Jonathan Gill, Harlem, p. 136.
^ "The Top of the Park", New York Magazine, February 5, 2007, p. 44.
^ a b c Jonathan Gill, Harlem, p. 149.
^ Douglas Martin, "Seymour Martin Lipset, Sociologist, Dies at 84", New York Times, January 4, 2007.
^ a b Jonathan Gill, Harlem, p. 152.
^ Jonathan Gill, Harlem, p. 166.
^ Arthur Miller Files, at University of Michigan.
^ "Daily News" . Retrieved . October 24, 2014
^ "Son wants to throw fashion designer Frances Rappaport out of Central Park South apartment". New York Post. March 18, 2013 . Retrieved . October 24, 2014
^ Jonathan Gill, Harlem, p. 147.
^ a b Jonathan Gill, Harlem, p. 148.
^ Jonathan Gill, Harlem, p. 153.
^ a b c d e Langston Hughes, "My Early Days in Harlem", in John Henrik Clarke (ed.), Harlem U.S.A., 1971 edition, p. 58.
^ a b c d e f g h i j k Manhattan African-American History and Culture Guide, Museum of the City of New York
^ a b c d e f g h i Hamilton Heights – West Harlem Community Preservation Organization
^ "Four Men of Harlem – The Movers and the Shakers", in Harlem, U.S.A., John Henrik Clarke, 1971 edition, p. 251.
^ a b c d e f John Henrik Clarke, Harlem U.S.A, introductory essay to 1993 edition, A&B Book Publishers.
^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Frank Hercules, "To Live In Harlem", National Geographic, February 1977, p. 178+.
^ "Four Men of Harlem – The Movers and the Shakers", in Harlem, U.S.A., John Henrik Clarke, 1971 edition, p. 256.
^ Jonathan Gill, Harlem, p. 248.
^ a b c Jim Dwyer, "Making a Home, and a Haven for Books", New York Times, August 11, 2007.
^ a b Tessa Souter, "The New Heyday of Harlem", The Independent on Sunday, June 8, 1997.
^ a b c d e "Star Map", New York Magazine, August 14, 2006, p. 35.
^ a b "Chairman of the Money", New York Magazine, January 15, 2007, p. 20.
^ Jonathan Gill, Harlem, p. 223.
^ Katherine Butler Jones, "409 Edgecombe, Baseball, and Madame St. Clair", in The Harlem Reader, 2003.
^ Jonathan Gill, Harlem, p. 233.
^ a b "How Bootsie Was Born", Ollie Harrison, in Harlem U.S.A., John Henrik Clarke, ed., 1971, p. 75 (note, this is a weak source, as it is a reference in a fictional story. A better source should be found).
^ Johnson, Carolyn D. . p. 94. Harlem Travel Guide
^ James Baldwin, "A Talk to Harlem Teachers", in John Henrik Clarke (ed.), Harlem USA, 1971, p. 173.
^ Sondra Kathryn Wilson, Meet Me at the Theresa : The Story of Harlem's Most Famous Hotel, 2004.
^ , September 7, 2011. Village Voice online
^ Cindy Adams, "Bah Humbug", The New York Post, December 6, 2007.
^ Daniel Lovering, "Evelyn Cunningham, Civil Rights Reporter, Dies at 94," The New York Times, April 29, 2010.
^ plaque outside the Harlem Hospital.
^ Museum of Contemporary Photography at Columbia College Chicago. Roy DeCarava. Accessed August 4, 2009.
^ a b c Charles V. Bagli, "In Harlem Buildings, Reminders of Easy Money and the Financial Crisis", The New York Times, June 9, 2011.
^ monument outside 730 Riverside Drive.
^ a b "Kindness of Strangers", This American Life, September 12, 1997.
^ a b c d William R. Dixon, "The Music of Harlem", in John Henrik Clarke (ed.), Harlem USA, 1971, p. 136.
^ Metropolis Found: New York Is Book Country 25th Anniversary Collection, 2003.
^ "City Hall Holds The Key. Harlem's renaissance finds lots of friends, and a few foes", Christian Science Monitor, March 12, 1987.
^ "Harlem CORE" . Retrieved . October 24, 2014
^ "Harlem's Dreams Have Died in Last Decade, Leaders Say", New York Times, March 1, 1978. p. A1.
^ "IMDb bio for Gene Anthony Ray". IMDb . Retrieved . October 24, 2014
^ "Steve Rossi IMDB page". IMDb . Retrieved . October 24, 2014
^ Ulysses. "Harlem Bespoke" . Retrieved . October 24, 2014
^ Scott Shoger, "Samuel E Vázquez: From Street To Gallery", Nuvo, July 1, 2013.
^ "Samuel E Vázquez: Graffiti Was Our Social Network" Karla D. Romero, "Humanize", No. 20, Spring 2013.
^ Dennis Hevesi, "Morrie Yohai, 90, the Man Behind Cheez Doodles, Is Dead", The New York Times, August 2, 2010.
^ Ulysses. "Harlem Bespoke" . Retrieved . October 24, 2014
^ "Kareem's Harlem digs", New York Daily News, September 10, 2006.
^ a b Jeremy Egner, "Crime and Punishers on Streets of Harlem", The New York Times, April 4, 2012, Arts & Leisure, p. 13.
^ Louis Tutelian, "A Revised Edition", New York Times, January 5, 2007.
^ Jean Cumming, "Catching up with Harlem", TheGlobeAndMail.com Travel, October 18, 2003.
^ Jill Capuzzo, "Between Film Sets, Life on Gossamer Lake", The New York Times, September 14, 2007.
^ Ulysses. "Harlem Bespoke" . Retrieved . October 24, 2014
^ Hoff, Victor (2016-11-10). "My Harlem". LGBT Weekly.
^ Harlem Bespoke.
^ Ulysses. "Harlem Bespoke" . Retrieved . October 24, 2014
^ Glenn Collins, "Marcus Samuelsson Opens in Harlem", The New York Times, September 7, 2010.
^ "Edgate" . Retrieved . October 24, 2014
^ Celia Barbour, "Stephen Spinella's Real Estate Angels", New York Times, July 1, 2007.
^ "The monster now", The New York Daily News, July 10, 2006.