List of people from the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames

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The London Borough of Richmond upon Thames was created in 1965 when, under the London Government Act 1963, the Municipal Borough of Richmond (Surrey), the Municipal Borough of Barnes (also in Surrey) and the Municipal Borough of Twickenham (in Middlesex) were merged to become a new London borough within Greater London.

This is a categorised list of notable people who were born or have lived within the borders of the modern borough (which covers Barnes, East Sheen, Ham, Hampton, Kew, Hampton Hill, Hampton Wick, Mortlake, Petersham, Richmond, St Margarets, Teddington, Twickenham and Whitton). Only people who are sufficiently notable to have individual entries on Wikipedia have been included in the list and, in each instance, their birth or residence has been verified by citations. The list is divided into two main categories – Living people and Historical figures.

People in Barnes[edit]

The district of Barnes is located in the extreme northeast of the borough (and as such is the closest part of the borough to central London). It is centred 5.3 miles (8.5 km) west south-west of Charing Cross in a bend of the River Thames.

Its built environment includes a wide variety of convenience and arts shopping on its high street and a high proportion of 18th- and 19th-century buildings in the streets near Barnes Pond. Together these make up the Barnes Village conservation area where along with its west riverside most of the mid-19th century properties are concentrated.

People in East Sheen[edit]

East Sheen was a hamlet in the parish of Mortlake. It became a fashionable suburb in the 19th century.

People in Ham[edit]

The main feature in Ham is Ham Common which has a cricket pitch, a pond and a woodland. A straight tree-lined path leads from Ham Common to Ham House, the most significant house in Ham.

Several notable period houses in Ham cluster around the Common including the Cassel Hospital, Langham House and Ormeley Lodge, which is currently owned by Lady Annabel Goldsmith. Victorian buildings include Latchmere House. In contrast, Langham House Close, to the west of Ham Common, completed in 1958, is an early example of brutalist architecture and just to the north of Ham Parade is Parkleys. Started in 1954 and completed in 1956, Parkleys was the first large-scale residential development by the pioneering SPAN Developments Ltd of Eric Lyons and Geoffrey Townsend.[1]

People in Hampton[edit]

Hampton, on the north bank of the Thames, includes Hampton Court Palace.

People in Kew[edit]

Kew is the location of the Royal Botanic Gardens ("Kew Gardens"), now a World Heritage Site, which includes Kew Palace. Kew is also the home of important historical documents such as Domesday Book, which is held at The National Archives.

Successive Tudor, Stuart and Georgian monarchs maintained links with Kew. During the French Revolution, many refugees established themselves there and it was the home of several artists in the 18th and 19th centuries.

Most of Kew developed in the late 19th century, following the arrival of the District line of the London Underground. Further development took place in the 1920s and 1930s when new houses were built on the market gardens of North Sheen and in the first decade of the 21st century when considerably more river-fronting flats and houses were constructed next to the River Thames on land formerly owned by Thames Water.

People in Mortlake[edit]

Mortlake is on the south bank of the Thames between Kew and Barnes. Historically it was part of Surrey and until 1965 was in the Municipal Borough of Barnes. For many centuries it had village status and extended far to the south, to include East Sheen and part of what is now Richmond Park. Its Stuart and Georgian history was economically one of malting, brewing, farming, water transport and tapestry.

People in Petersham[edit]

Petersham is a village on the east of the bend in the Thames south of Richmond, which it shares with neighbouring Ham. It provides the foreground of the scenic view from Richmond Hill across Petersham Meadows, with Ham House further along the river.

People in St Margarets[edit]

St Margarets takes its name from the former St Margaret's House completed in 1827, although an earlier house of the same name stood on the site.[2][3] It was the country house of Lord Cassilis, Marquess of Ailsa, and later belonged to the Earl of Kilmorey. Their names can be found in local street names, including Kilmorey Gardens and Ailsa Road.

Many Victorian houses remain in St Margarets. In 1854 the St Margaret's Estate was laid out for building family houses, becoming one of the first garden suburbs. Modern St Margarets dates from the arrival of the railway.

People in Teddington[edit]

Teddington is on the north bank of the Thames, just after the start of a long meander, between Hampton Wick and Strawberry Hill.

People in Twickenham[edit]

Twickenham, on the River Thames, 10 miles (16 km) southwest of the centre of London, is the administrative centre of the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames. It has an extensive town centre and is famous as being the home of rugby union, with hundreds of thousands of spectators visiting Twickenham Stadium, the world's largest rugby stadium, each year. The historic riverside area is famous for its network of 18th-century buildings and pleasure grounds, many of which survive intact. This area has three grand period mansions with public access: York House, Marble Hill House and Strawberry Hill House. Another has been lost, that belonging to 18th-century aphoristic poet Alexander Pope. Among these is the neo-Gothic prototype home of Horace Walpole which has given its name to a whole district, Strawberry Hill, and is linked with Britain's oldest Roman Catholic university, St Mary's University, Twickenham.

The 1818 Enclosure Award led to the development of land to the west of the town centre largely between the present day Staines and Hampton Roads, where new roads – Workhouse Road, Middle Road, 3rd, 2nd and 1st Common Roads (now First to Fifth Cross Roads respectively) – were laid out.[4] During the 18th and 19th centuries, a number of fine houses were built and Twickenham became a popular place of residence for people of "fashion and distinction". Further development was stimulated by the opening of Twickenham station in 1848.

People in Whitton[edit]

With the Royal Court often staying in Richmond and Hampton Court in the eighteenth century, Twickenham was a very fashionable place to live and this has left the area with a unique cultural heritage. The only remaining country house left in Whitton is Kneller Hall which is now home to the Royal Military School of Music.

People in Richmond town and Richmond Park[edit]

Living people[edit]

Actors, broadcasters, entertainers and musicians[edit]

The Wick on Richmond Hill was the Mills family home for many years and is now the home of Pete Townshend

Lawyers, politicians and statesmen[edit]

Name Notability Reference
John Turner PC CC QC Former Prime Minister of Canada, who was born in Richmond and, with his parents, moved to Canada at the age of two [29] [30]

Royals[edit]

Name Notability Reference
Princess Alexandra, The Honourable Lady Ogilvy A granddaughter of George V and a first cousin of Queen Elizabeth II, she lives at Thatched House Lodge in Richmond Park [31]

Sportsmen and sportswomen[edit]

Name Notability Reference
Lawrence Dallaglio OBE Rugby union player who lives in Richmond [32]
Peter Jaffe Sailor and Olympic silver medallist who was born in Richmond [33]

Writers and artists[edit]

Name Notability Reference
Jez Alborough Writer and illustrator of children's picture books, who lives in Richmond [34][35]
Bamber Gascoigne CBE, FRSL Author and TV presenter, who lives in Richmond [36]
Simon Singh MBE Author, who lives in Richmond [37]
Matthew Syed Columnist for The Times, who has lived in Richmond since the 1990s [38]

Historical figures[edit]

Actors, broadcasters, entertainers and musicians[edit]

Business people[edit]

Name Dates Notability Reference
Edward Chapman 1804–1880 Publisher who was born in Richmond and, with William Hall, founded the publishers Chapman & Hall [51]
Sir Angus Ogilvy 1928–2004 Businessman, who lived at Thatched House Lodge in Richmond Park [31]
Sir Max Waechter 1837–1924 Businessman, art collector, philanthropist and advocate of a federal Europe, who lived in Terrace House on Richmond Hill and owned Glover's Island which he donated to the Borough of Richmond in 1900, helping to preserve the view from Richmond across the river [52] [53]

Criminals and sinners[edit]

Name Dates Notability Reference
Thomas Griffiths Wainewright 1794–1847 Poisoner and transported convict who was born in Richmond [54]

Lawyers, politicians and statesmen[edit]

Pembroke Lodge in the 1880s, when it was the home of Lord Russell, British Prime Minister. His grandson Bertrand Russell grew up there[55]
Bernardo O'Higgins statue in Richmond

Royals: at the Manor of Shene/ Richmond Palace[edit]

The surviving gatehouse of Richmond Palace
  • Edward I resided at Shene (now called Richmond) with his court in 1299[65]
  • Edward III died at Shene in 1394[65]
  • Elizabeth I was held prisoner at Richmond Palace during her sister Mary I's reign. She lived in the palace as Queen and died there in 1603[65]
  • Elizabeth Woodville, Edward IV's queen, made the royal manor of Shene her chief residence and held it until it was reclaimed from her by Henry VII in 1486[65]
  • Queen Henrietta Maria (1609–1669), the widowed mother of Charles II, lived briefly at Richmond Palace in 1660[65]
  • Henry I resided for a short time in 1125 at the King’s House within the Manor of Shene[65]
  • In 1414 Henry V ordered the rebuilding of the royal manor at Shene; this is described as "the kynges grete work"[65]
  • Henry VII rebuilt the royal manor of Shene as Richmond Palace and died there in 1509[65]
  • Henry VIII and his first wife, Katherine of Aragon, spent Christmas 1509 at Richmond Palace.[65] Jane Seymour, Henry's third wife, died at Richmond Palace in 1537.[65] Anne of Cleves, his fourth wife, was granted Richmond Palace in 1540 after her divorce from Henry and entertained the king and his daughters there on several occasions[65]
  • Henry, Prince of Wales (1594–1612), lived in Richmond from 1604 until his premature death in 1612. His improvements to the Palace included a picture gallery for the royal collection[65]
  • Queen Isabella, widow of Edward II of England, lived at the Manor of Shene[65]
  • James Francis Edward, the future "Old Pretender", was brought to Richmond Palace in 1688 with his wet-nurse after his father, James II, had ordered the reconstruction of part of the palace as the royal nursery[65]
  • Mary I and her consort, Philip II of Spain, spent their honeymoon at Hampton Court and Richmond[65]
  • Richard II's principal royal residence was at the Manor of Shene.[65] Anne of Bohemia (1366–1394), his queen, died there from the plague.[66] After her death, Richard demolished the Manor. It was subsequently rebuilt – twice – and in 1501 became Richmond Palace

Royals: in Old Deer Park[edit]

Name Dates Notability Reference
George II He lived at Ormonde House (also known as Richmond Lodge) in Old Deer Park [67][68]
George III When Prince of Wales he purchased Richmond Lodge in 1721 where he lived after his marriage to Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz until her death [65]

Royals: in Richmond Park[edit]

Scholars, scientists and engineers[edit]

Sir Richard Owen and Sheen Lodge
Name Dates Notability Reference
Kenneth Clark, Baron Clark 1903–1983 Art historian, author, museum director and broadcaster, who lived at Old Palace Place on Richmond Green [70]
Sir Richard Owen 1804–1892 Biologist, comparative anatomist and paleontologist, who was granted Sheen Cottage in Richmond Park by Queen Victoria in 1852. He died there and is buried at Ham. His family continued to live at Sheen Cottage until 1921 [61]
Bertrand Russell 1872–1970 Mathematician and philosopher, grew up at Pembroke Lodge between 1876 and 1894 [55][71]
Stephen Peter Rigaud 1774–1839 Mathematical historian and astronomer who lived at 21 Richmond Green [70]

Social reformers[edit]

Name Dates Notability Reference
Sir Edwin Chadwick KCB 1801–1890 A social reformer noted for his leadership in reforming the Poor Laws in England and instituting major reforms in urban sanitation and public health. He lived at 5 Montague Road, Richmond; the site is marked by a blue plaque [44]

Spiritual leaders[edit]

Name Dates Notability Reference
Thomas Wolsey, Cardinal Wolsey 1473–1530 Churchman, statesman and Lord Chancellor of England, his places of residence included Richmond Lodge, which was on a site near the King's Observatory [67]

Sportsmen and sportswomen[edit]

Name Dates Notability Reference
Edgar Ball 1892–1969 English cricketer who was born in Richmond. A left-handed batsman, he played three first-class matches for Somerset [72]
William East 1866–1933 Rower and sculler who lived in Richmond where, later in life, he became a publican and ran the Prince’s Head hotel and then the Pigeon Hotel [73]
Robert Long 1846–1924 English cricketer who was born in Richmond and made two first-class appearances for Surrey [74]

Warriors and explorers[edit]

Spencer Gore's painting of Cambrian Road, Richmond, where he lived
Wick House, home of Sir Joshua Reynolds and, later, Algernon Tollemache
Hogarth House, 34 Paradise Road, Richmond, where Virginia Woolf and her husband Leonard lived
Name Dates Notability Reference
Sir Richard Burton KCMG FRGS 1821–1890 Explorer, translator and writer who lived at Maids of Honour Row in Richmond while attending the Richmond Academy, which was situated in a mansion at the corner of Little Green and Duke Street. He and his wife are buried in a remarkable tomb in the shape of a Bedouin tent in the churchyard of St Mary Magdalen’s Roman Catholic Church Mortlake, where there is also a memorial window to him [75] [76]
Frederick Jeremiah Edwards 1894–1964 An Irish recipient of the Victoria Cross, who died at the Royal Star and Garter Home in Richmond and is buried in Richmond Cemetery [77]
Lieutenant General Bernard Cyril Freyberg, 1st Baron Freyberg VC GCMG KCB KBE 1889–1963 He was born on Richmond Hill and moved with his parents at the age of two to New Zealand, whjere he served as the 7th Governor-General of New Zealand from 1946 to 1952 [78] [79]
Young Bingham Hutchinson 1806–1870 Royal Navy officer and settler in South Australia, who was born in Richmond [80]
General Sir Harry North Dalrymple Prendergast VC GCB 1834–1913 Awarded a VC for conspicuous bravery in the Indian Rebellion of 1857, he died at Heron Court, Richmond and is buried in Richmond Cemetery [81]
Walter Leigh Rayfield VC 1881–1949 A Canadian recipient of the Victoria Cross, he was born in Richmond [82]
Nancy Wake AC GM 1912–2011 She fought with the French Resistance in World War II and lived in Richmond's Royal Star and Garter Home from 2003 until her death [83]

Writers and artists[edit]

References[edit]

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