List of people from the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames
The London Borough of Richmond upon Thames was created in 1965 when, under the London Government Act 1963, the Municipal Borough of Richmond (Surrey), the Municipal Borough of Barnes (also in Surrey) and the Municipal Borough of Twickenham (in Middlesex) were merged to become a new London borough within Greater London.
This is a categorised list of notable people who were born or have lived within the borders of the modern borough (which covers Barnes, East Sheen, Ham, Hampton, Kew, Hampton Hill, Hampton Wick, Mortlake, Petersham, Richmond, St Margarets, Teddington, Twickenham and Whitton). Only people who are sufficiently notable to have individual entries on Wikipedia have been included in the list and, in each instance, their birth or residence has been verified by citations. The list is divided into two main categories – Living people and Historical figures.
- 1 People in Barnes
- 2 People in East Sheen
- 3 People in Ham
- 4 People in Hampton
- 5 People in Kew
- 6 People in Mortlake
- 7 People in Petersham
- 8 People in St Margarets
- 9 People in Teddington
- 10 People in Twickenham
- 11 People in Whitton
- 12 People in Richmond town and Richmond Park
- 12.1 Living people
- 12.2 Historical figures
- 12.2.1 Actors, broadcasters, entertainers and musicians
- 12.2.2 Business people
- 12.2.3 Criminals and sinners
- 12.2.4 Lawyers, politicians and statesmen
- 12.2.5 Royals: at the Manor of Shene/ Richmond Palace
- 12.2.6 Royals: in Old Deer Park
- 12.2.7 Royals: in Richmond Park
- 12.2.8 Scholars, scientists and engineers
- 12.2.9 Social reformers
- 12.2.10 Spiritual leaders
- 12.2.11 Sportsmen and sportswomen
- 12.2.12 Warriors and explorers
- 12.2.13 Writers and artists
- 13 References
People in Barnes
The district of Barnes is located in the extreme northeast of the borough (and as such is the closest part of the borough to central London). It is centred 5.3 miles (8.5 km) west south-west of Charing Cross in a bend of the River Thames.
Its built environment includes a wide variety of convenience and arts shopping on its high street and a high proportion of 18th- and 19th-century buildings in the streets near Barnes Pond. Together these make up the Barnes Village conservation area where along with its west riverside most of the mid-19th century properties are concentrated.
People in East Sheen
People in Ham
Several notable period houses in Ham cluster around the Common including the Cassel Hospital, Langham House and Ormeley Lodge, which is currently owned by Lady Annabel Goldsmith. Victorian buildings include Latchmere House. In contrast, Langham House Close, to the west of Ham Common, completed in 1958, is an early example of brutalist architecture and just to the north of Ham Parade is Parkleys. Started in 1954 and completed in 1956, Parkleys was the first large-scale residential development by the pioneering SPAN Developments Ltd of Eric Lyons and Geoffrey Townsend.
People in Hampton
Hampton, on the north bank of the Thames, includes Hampton Court Palace.
People in Kew
Kew is the location of the Royal Botanic Gardens ("Kew Gardens"), now a World Heritage Site, which includes Kew Palace. Kew is also the home of important historical documents such as Domesday Book, which is held at The National Archives.
Successive Tudor, Stuart and Georgian monarchs maintained links with Kew. During the French Revolution, many refugees established themselves there and it was the home of several artists in the 18th and 19th centuries.
Most of Kew developed in the late 19th century, following the arrival of the District line of the London Underground. Further development took place in the 1920s and 1930s when new houses were built on the market gardens of North Sheen and in the first decade of the 21st century when considerably more river-fronting flats and houses were constructed next to the River Thames on land formerly owned by Thames Water.
People in Mortlake
Mortlake is on the south bank of the Thames between Kew and Barnes. Historically it was part of Surrey and until 1965 was in the Municipal Borough of Barnes. For many centuries it had village status and extended far to the south, to include East Sheen and part of what is now Richmond Park. Its Stuart and Georgian history was economically one of malting, brewing, farming, water transport and tapestry.
People in Petersham
Petersham is a village on the east of the bend in the Thames south of Richmond, which it shares with neighbouring Ham. It provides the foreground of the scenic view from Richmond Hill across Petersham Meadows, with Ham House further along the river.
People in St Margarets
St Margarets takes its name from the former St Margaret's House completed in 1827, although an earlier house of the same name stood on the site. It was the country house of Lord Cassilis, Marquess of Ailsa, and later belonged to the Earl of Kilmorey. Their names can be found in local street names, including Kilmorey Gardens and Ailsa Road.
Many Victorian houses remain in St Margarets. In 1854 the St Margaret's Estate was laid out for building family houses, becoming one of the first garden suburbs. Modern St Margarets dates from the arrival of the railway.
People in Teddington
People in Twickenham
Twickenham, on the River Thames, 10 miles (16 km) southwest of the centre of London, is the administrative centre of the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames. It has an extensive town centre and is famous as being the home of rugby union, with hundreds of thousands of spectators visiting Twickenham Stadium, the world's largest rugby stadium, each year. The historic riverside area is famous for its network of 18th-century buildings and pleasure grounds, many of which survive intact. This area has three grand period mansions with public access: York House, Marble Hill House and Strawberry Hill House. Another has been lost, that belonging to 18th-century aphoristic poet Alexander Pope. Among these is the neo-Gothic prototype home of Horace Walpole which has given its name to a whole district, Strawberry Hill, and is linked with Britain's oldest Roman Catholic university, St Mary's University, Twickenham.
The 1818 Enclosure Award led to the development of land to the west of the town centre largely between the present day Staines and Hampton Roads, where new roads – Workhouse Road, Middle Road, 3rd, 2nd and 1st Common Roads (now First to Fifth Cross Roads respectively) – were laid out. During the 18th and 19th centuries, a number of fine houses were built and Twickenham became a popular place of residence for people of "fashion and distinction". Further development was stimulated by the opening of Twickenham station in 1848.
People in Whitton
With the Royal Court often staying in Richmond and Hampton Court in the eighteenth century, Twickenham was a very fashionable place to live and this has left the area with a unique cultural heritage. The only remaining country house left in Whitton is Kneller Hall which is now home to the Royal Military School of Music.
People in Richmond town and Richmond Park
Actors, broadcasters, entertainers and musicians
- Anastacia, singer/songwriter, used to live on Richmond Hill
- Anita Anand, writer and broadcaster, lives in Richmond
- Richard Ashcroft, The Verve singer and songwriter
- Rick Astley, musician, lives in Richmond
- David Attenborough, naturalist and film director, has a house in Richmond
- Michael Attenborough, theatre director, lived on Richmond Green with his parents Richard Attenborough and Sheila Sim
- Helen Baxendale, actress, lives in Richmond
- Brian Blessed, actor, lived at Clarence House, 2 The Vineyard, in Richmond until the 1970s
- Anna Chancellor, actress, was born in Richmond
- Richard E. Grant, actor, lives in Richmond
- Jerry Hall, actress and model, lives in Downe House, Richmond Hill
- John Hannah, actor, and his wife Joanna Roth, actress, live in Richmond
- Tom Hardy, actor, bought a home in Richmond in 2013
- Amanda Holden, actress, lives in Richmond
- Jane Horrocks, actress, lives in Richmond
- Mick Jagger, rock musician, Rolling Stones, lived at Downe House, Richmond Hill when he was married to Jerry Hall
- Angelina Jolie, actress, and Brad Pitt, actor, bought a family home in Richmond in 2012
- Milton Jones, comedian, who was born and brought up in Kew, now lives in Richmond
- Mollie King, singer in girl group The Saturdays, is from Richmond
- Sisters Juliet Mills and Hayley Mills, actresses, lived at The Wick on Richmond Hill
- Dougie Poynter, musician and bassist in McFly, bought a house in Richmond in 2014
- Ben Shephard, TV presenter, lives in Richmond
- Pete Townshend, guitarist for The Who, lives at The Wick on Richmond Hill
- Bruce Welch of The Shadows lives in Richmond
- Ronnie Wood, rock musician, guitarist, lived at The Wick on Richmond Hill
Lawyers, politicians and statesmen
|John Turner PC CC QC||Former Prime Minister of Canada, who was born in Richmond and, with his parents, moved to Canada at the age of two|| |
|Princess Alexandra, The Honourable Lady Ogilvy||A granddaughter of George V and a first cousin of Queen Elizabeth II, she lives at Thatched House Lodge in Richmond Park|||
Sportsmen and sportswomen
|Lawrence Dallaglio OBE||Rugby union player who lives in Richmond|||
|Peter Jaffe||Sailor and Olympic silver medallist who was born in Richmond|||
Writers and artists
|Jez Alborough||Writer and illustrator of children's picture books, who lives in Richmond|||
|Bamber Gascoigne CBE, FRSL||Author and TV presenter, who lives in Richmond|||
|Simon Singh MBE||Author, who lives in Richmond|||
|Matthew Syed||Columnist for The Times, who has lived in Richmond since the 1990s|||
Actors, broadcasters, entertainers and musicians
- Malcolm Arnold (1921–2006), composer, lived at Denbigh Gardens and at Sheen Road, Richmond
- Richard Attenborough (1923–2014), actor and film director, and his wife Sheila Sim (1922–2016), actress, lived from 1949 to 2012 on Richmond Green
- Johann Christian Bach (1735–1782), composer, had a house in Richmond in the 1770s, but it is not known where. He was music master to the royal household at Kew
- Syd Barrett (1946–2006), former lead singer with Pink Floyd, shared a flat in Richmond with Rick Wright
- Mary Hayley Bell (1911–2005), actress, writer and dramatist, lived at The Wick on Richmond Hill
- Ronald Colman (1891–1958), actor, was born in Richmond
- Gustav Holst (1874–1934), composer, lived at 31 Grena Road, Richmond between 1903 and 1908
- Celia Johnson (1908–1982), actress, was born at 46 Richmond Hill, Richmond, where there is now a blue plaque
- Edmund Kean (1787–1833), actor, had a house next door to the King's Theatre in Richmond where he was actor-manager, and died there
- Rudolph Nureyev (1938–1993), ballet dancer, owned a house in Richmond until the 1980s
- Peter Sallis (1921–2017), actor, who played Norman Clegg in the BBC comedy Last of the Summer Wine, was born in Twickenham and later owned a house on Richmond Riverside
- William Christian Sellé (1813–1898), doctor of music and Musician in Ordinary to Queen Victoria for 44 years, lived at Old Palace Terrace, Richmond
- Rick Wright (1943–2008), English pianist, keyboardist and songwriter, shared a flat in Richmond with fellow Pink Floyd member Syd Barratt
|Edward Chapman||1804–1880||Publisher who was born in Richmond and, with William Hall, founded the publishers Chapman & Hall|||
|Sir Angus Ogilvy||1928–2004||Businessman, who lived at Thatched House Lodge in Richmond Park|||
|Sir Max Waechter||1837–1924||Businessman, art collector, philanthropist and advocate of a federal Europe, who lived in Terrace House on Richmond Hill and owned Glover's Island which he donated to the Borough of Richmond in 1900, helping to preserve the view from Richmond across the river|| |
Criminals and sinners
|Thomas Griffiths Wainewright||1794–1847||Poisoner and transported convict who was born in Richmond|||
Lawyers, politicians and statesmen
- Henry Addington, 1st Viscount Sidmouth (1757–1844), British Prime Minister from 1801 to 1804, was given White Lodge, Richmond Park, as a home near London, by George III in 1801. He was created Viscount Sidmouth in 1805, is commemorated in the name Sidmouth Wood at Richmond Park, and was buried in the churchyard of St Mary the Virgin Mortlake 
- Bernardo O'Higgins (1778–1842), general, statesman and liberator of Chile, lived and studied at Clarence House, 2 The Vineyard, Richmond in his late teens. The site is marked by a blue plaque
- John Russell, 1st Earl Russell (1792–1878), Whig and Liberal politician and twice British prime minister (1846–1852 and 1865–1866), lived at Pembroke Lodge, Richmond Park
- William Selwyn (1775–1855), lawyer and legal author, lived in retirement at Pagoda House, Kew Road, Richmond, an estate inherited from his father in 1817. Selwyn provided the site on which St John the Divine, Richmond, the Anglican church in Kew Road, Richmond, was built in the 1830s
- John Stuart, 3rd Earl of Bute (1713–1792), botanist and honorary director of Kew Gardens, 1754–1772, adviser to Princess Augusta and tutor to George III and, later, Prime Minister of Great Britain (1762–1763), lived at King’s Cottage, 33 Kew Green. He succeeded Princess Amelia as Ranger of Richmond Park and used White Lodge as an occasional residence from 1761 until his death in 1792
- Sir Thomas Thynne (c 1610–1669), lawyer and MP, had a house at Richmond which was searched for royalist suspects in 1659; his steward and butler were ordered to be arrested
- Algernon Tollemache (1805–1892), politician, lived at Wick House prior to his death in 1892
- Harold Wilson (1916–1995), British Labour politician, twice Prime Minister (1964–1970 and 1974–1976), lived at Fitzwilliam House, on Little Green, Richmond, during the Second World War
Royals: at the Manor of Shene/ Richmond Palace
- Edward I resided at Shene (now called Richmond) with his court in 1299
- Edward III died at Shene in 1394
- Elizabeth I was held prisoner at Richmond Palace during her sister Mary I's reign. She lived in the palace as Queen and died there in 1603
- Elizabeth Woodville, Edward IV's queen, made the royal manor of Shene her chief residence and held it until it was reclaimed from her by Henry VII in 1486
- Queen Henrietta Maria (1609–1669), the widowed mother of Charles II, lived briefly at Richmond Palace in 1660
- Henry I resided for a short time in 1125 at the King’s House within the Manor of Shene
- In 1414 Henry V ordered the rebuilding of the royal manor at Shene; this is described as "the kynges grete work"
- Henry VII rebuilt the royal manor of Shene as Richmond Palace and died there in 1509
- Henry VIII and his first wife, Katherine of Aragon, spent Christmas 1509 at Richmond Palace. Jane Seymour, Henry's third wife, died at Richmond Palace in 1537. Anne of Cleves, his fourth wife, was granted Richmond Palace in 1540 after her divorce from Henry and entertained the king and his daughters there on several occasions
- Henry, Prince of Wales (1594–1612), lived in Richmond from 1604 until his premature death in 1612. His improvements to the Palace included a picture gallery for the royal collection
- Queen Isabella, widow of Edward II of England, lived at the Manor of Shene
- James Francis Edward, the future "Old Pretender", was brought to Richmond Palace in 1688 with his wet-nurse after his father, James II, had ordered the reconstruction of part of the palace as the royal nursery
- Mary I and her consort, Philip II of Spain, spent their honeymoon at Hampton Court and Richmond
- Richard II's principal royal residence was at the Manor of Shene. Anne of Bohemia (1366–1394), his queen, died there from the plague. After her death, Richard demolished the Manor. It was subsequently rebuilt – twice – and in 1501 became Richmond Palace
Royals: in Old Deer Park
|George II||He lived at Ormonde House (also known as Richmond Lodge) in Old Deer Park|||
|George III||When Prince of Wales he purchased Richmond Lodge in 1721 where he lived after his marriage to Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz until her death|||
Royals: in Richmond Park
- As Prince of Wales, Edward VII (1841–1910) was resident at White Lodge with his tutors in 1858. He and the Princess of Wales (Queen Alexandra (1844–1925)) used the house as a weekend residence, 1867–68
- Edward VIII (1894–1972) was born at White Lodge – the home of his maternal grandparents, the Duke and Duchess of Teck
- George VI (1895–1952) and Queen Elizabeth as Duke and Duchess of York lived at White Lodge, Richmond Park, after their marriage in 1923
- Princess Mary, Duchess of Gloucester and Edinburgh (1776–1857), last surviving child of George III, and widow of the second Duke of Gloucester, lived at White Lodge from 1844 until her death. She was Ranger of Richmond Park from 1850 to 1857
- Mary of Teck (1867–1953), consort of George V, lived at White Lodge, Richmond Park with her parents, the Duke and Duchess of Teck, until her marriage in 1893. The couple's engagement took place at Sheen Lodge on 3 May 1893
- Victoria and Prince Albert stayed at White Lodge for a while in 1861 after the death of the Queen's mother and a few months before Albert's death
Scholars, scientists and engineers
|Kenneth Clark, Baron Clark||1903–1983||Art historian, author, museum director and broadcaster, who lived at Old Palace Place on Richmond Green|||
|Sir Richard Owen||1804–1892||Biologist, comparative anatomist and paleontologist, who was granted Sheen Cottage in Richmond Park by Queen Victoria in 1852. He died there and is buried at Ham. His family continued to live at Sheen Cottage until 1921|||
|Bertrand Russell||1872–1970||Mathematician and philosopher, grew up at Pembroke Lodge between 1876 and 1894|||
|Stephen Peter Rigaud||1774–1839||Mathematical historian and astronomer who lived at 21 Richmond Green|||
|Sir Edwin Chadwick KCB||1801–1890||A social reformer noted for his leadership in reforming the Poor Laws in England and instituting major reforms in urban sanitation and public health. He lived at 5 Montague Road, Richmond; the site is marked by a blue plaque|||
|Thomas Wolsey, Cardinal Wolsey||1473–1530||Churchman, statesman and Lord Chancellor of England, his places of residence included Richmond Lodge, which was on a site near the King's Observatory|||
Sportsmen and sportswomen
|Edgar Ball||1892–1969||English cricketer who was born in Richmond. A left-handed batsman, he played three first-class matches for Somerset|||
|William East||1866–1933||Rower and sculler who lived in Richmond where, later in life, he became a publican and ran the Prince’s Head hotel and then the Pigeon Hotel|||
|Robert Long||1846–1924||English cricketer who was born in Richmond and made two first-class appearances for Surrey|||
Warriors and explorers
|Sir Richard Burton KCMG FRGS||1821–1890||Explorer, translator and writer who lived at Maids of Honour Row in Richmond while attending the Richmond Academy, which was situated in a mansion at the corner of Little Green and Duke Street. He and his wife are buried in a remarkable tomb in the shape of a Bedouin tent in the churchyard of St Mary Magdalen’s Roman Catholic Church Mortlake, where there is also a memorial window to him|| |
|Frederick Jeremiah Edwards||1894–1964||An Irish recipient of the Victoria Cross, who died at the Royal Star and Garter Home in Richmond and is buried in Richmond Cemetery|||
|Lieutenant General Bernard Cyril Freyberg, 1st Baron Freyberg VC GCMG KCB KBE||1889–1963||He was born on Richmond Hill and moved with his parents at the age of two to New Zealand, whjere he served as the 7th Governor-General of New Zealand from 1946 to 1952|| |
|Young Bingham Hutchinson||1806–1870||Royal Navy officer and settler in South Australia, who was born in Richmond|||
|General Sir Harry North Dalrymple Prendergast VC GCB||1834–1913||Awarded a VC for conspicuous bravery in the Indian Rebellion of 1857, he died at Heron Court, Richmond and is buried in Richmond Cemetery|||
|Walter Leigh Rayfield VC||1881–1949||A Canadian recipient of the Victoria Cross, he was born in Richmond|||
|Nancy Wake AC GM||1912–2011||She fought with the French Resistance in World War II and lived in Richmond's Royal Star and Garter Home from 2003 until her death|||
Writers and artists
- Mary Elizabeth Braddon (1837–1915), novelist, and her husband, the publisher John Maxwell (1824–1895), lived at Lichfield House in Sheen Road, Richmond, where she died in 1915
- Frances Browne (1816–1879), Irish-born poet, novelist, and writer for children, died at 19 St John's Grove and was buried in Richmond Cemetery
- Joan Carlile (1600–1679), one of the very first women to practise painting professionally, is believed to have lived at Petersham Lodge in Richmond Park during the Commonwealth period with her husband Lodovic, keeper/deputy ranger at the park. Petersham Lodge was demolished in 1835
- Geoffrey Chaucer (c.1343–1400), poet and courtier, was appointed Yeoman of the King’s Chamber in 1368 and served at Shene (now Richmond)
- Mary Anne Evans, better known as the novelist George Eliot (1819–1880), lived at 7 Clarence Row, East Sheen from May to September 1855 and at 8 Parkshot, Richmond from October 1855 to February 1859, when she moved to Wandsworth. While living in Richmond she assumed the name of George Eliot and began her first novel Amos Barton (later retitled Scenes of Clerical Life) and started writing Adam Bede
- George Gale (1929–2003), cartoonist, lived in Ham and on Little Green, Richmond
- The artist Spencer Gore (1878–1914) painted a series of thirty-two landscapes in Richmond Park during the last months of his life. His painting From a Window in Cambrian Road, Richmond shows the view from a top-floor window at the rear of 6 Cambrian Road, near the park's Cambrian Gate entrance, where he and his family moved to in 1913. This may be the last picture Gore worked on before his early death from pneumonia
- Maxwell Gray (Mary Gleed Tuttiett, 1846–1923), author, lived in west Richmond from 1895
- Augustin Heckel (1690–1770), a German-born artist, lived in Richmond from 1746 until his death. His A West View of Richmond etc. in Surrey from the Star and Garter on the Hill, published in 1752, became widely known after being engraved by Charles Grignion the Elder
- Clive King (1924–2018), author, best known for his children's book Stig of the Dump, was born in Richmond
- The engraver Ludovic Rodo Pissarro (1878–1952), lived at 21 Peldon Avenue, Richmond (destroyed during The Blitz), from 1919 to 1921
- Sir Joshua Reynolds (1723–1792), artist, lived from 1772 to 1792 at The Wick House which was built for him by Sir William Chambers in 1772
- Richard Brinsley Sheridan (1751–1816), playwright, poet, theatre owner and MP, owned Downe House, Richmond Hill
- James Thomson (1700–1748), poet, who wrote the lyrics to "Rule Britannia!", lived in a cottage (now part of Richmond Royal Hospital) in Kew Foot Road, Richmond from 1736 until his death in 1748. The site is marked by a blue plaque. There is a memorial to him in Richmond Park
- Virginia Woolf (1882–1941), novelist, and her husband Leonard Woolf (1880–1969), founder of the Hogarth Press, lived at 17 The Green from October 1914. From 1915 they lived at 34 Paradise Road, Richmond, which is marked by a blue plaque
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