List of people in both the Bible and the Quran

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

The Bible and Quran have many characters in common, many of which are mentioned by name, whereas others are merely referred to.

Nameless people both in the Bible and the Quran are also mentioned in the First Table

Identified by name in the Quran[edit]

Image Bible (English) Quran (Arabic) Hebrew Notes Bible Verse Quran Verse
Aaron (Kirillo-Belozersk).jpg Aaron Hārūn Aharon Exodus 7:1 Quran 19:28
Patriarch Abraham.jpg Abraham Ibrāhīm Avraham Genesis 17:3-5 Quran 2:124
Michelangelo, Creation of Adam 03.jpg Adam Ādam Adam Genesis 5:2 Quran 3:59
Alexander-Coin.jpg Alexander the Great Dhul-Qarnayn Most Western and traditional Muslim scholars generally identify Alexander the Great as Dhul-Qarnayn, (Lit.: "He of the Two Horns"),[1][2] this ultimately derive from the image of Alexander wearing the horns of the ram-god Zeus-Ammon, as popularised on coins throughout the Hellenistic Near East.[3] and Alexander is mentioned by name in the Deuterocanonical Book of 1 Maccabees.[4] 1 Maccabees 1:1 Quran 18:83
Amram ʿImrān Amram Islamic tradition holds both Amram and Joachim being named the same just like Joachim's daughter Mary, the mother of Jesus, ("Mariam") and Amram's daughter Miriam, though the Quran only refers to Joachim with the name probably as a play on the sharing of names and even calls Mary the sister of Aaron, Muslims see this as connecting the two women from two prophetic households in spirit, Although this is disputed. Exodus 6:20 Quran 3:33
Illustrerad Verldshistoria band I Ill 058.jpg Cyrus the Great Dhul-Qarnayn a theory that identifies Cyrus with the Dhul-Qarnayn, a figure mentioned in verses 18:83-98 of the Quran, with Cyrus the Great.[5](He is most commonly identified with Alexander the Great).[6]Proposed by the German philologist G. M. Redslob in 1855, it failed to gain followers among Western scholars,[7] Isaiah 45:1-4 Quran 18:83
'David' by Michelangelo Fir JBU002.jpg King David Dāwūd Dawid 1 Samuel 17:58 Quran 2:251
Synaxis of the Twelve Apostles by Constantinople master (early 14th c., Pushkin museum).jpg The Apostles al-Hawariyyūn Mark 3:16–19 Quran 61:14
Elijah Icon Sinai c1200.jpg Elijah (Elias) Ilyās Eliyyahu 2 Kings 1:8 Quran 37:123
Пророк Елисей (13922964524).jpg Elisha al-Yasaʿ Elishaʿ can also be pronounced Alīsaʿ 1 Kings 19:16 Quran 6:86
Enoch in the clouds above a group of people at a festival. E Wellcome V0034206.jpg Enoch Idrīs Chanokh he is not universally identified with Enoch, many Muslim scholars of the classical and medieval periods also held that Idris and Hermes Trismegistus were the same person.[8][9] Genesis 5:24 Quran 19:56
0 Le Prophète Ézéchiel - P.P. Rubens - Louvre (IN V 20231).JPG Ezekiel Ḥizqīl "Dhul-Kifl" Yechezkel Ezekiel 1:3 Quran 38:48
Esdras-Ezra.jpg Ezra ʿUzayr Ezra Ezra 7:1 Quran 9:30
Titian - Polyptych of the Resurrection - Archangel Gabriel - WGA22785.jpg Gabriel Jibrīl Gavri'el Luke 1:19 Quran 2:97
Magog.PNG Gog and Magog Ya'juj wa-Ma'juj Gog U-Magog Ezekiel 38:2 Quran 21:96
Tycjan David i Goliat.jpg Goliath Jālūṭ Golyat 1 Samuel 17:4 Quran 2:251
Isaac a Lover of Peace.jpg Isaac Isħāq Yitzhak Genesis 17:19 Quran 19:49
Calligraphy Ismail.jpg Ishmael Ismāʿīl Yishmaʿel Genesis 16:11 Quran 38:48
Rembrandt Harmensz. van Rijn 063.jpg Jacob Yaʿqūb Yaʿkov Genesis 32:1 Quran 19:49
Tissot Jethro and Moses.jpg Jethro Šuʿayb Yitro Exodus 3:1 Quran 26:177
Spas vsederzhitel sinay.jpg Jesus ʿĪsā Yeshua Matthew 1:16 Quran 3:59
SaintJoachim.jpg Joachim or Heli ʿImrān Yehoyaqim Islamic tradition holds both Joachim and Amram being named the same just like Joachim's daughter Mary, the mother of Jesus, ("Mariam") and Amram's daughter Miriam, though the Quran only refers to Joachim with the name of Amram probably as a play on the sharing of names and even calls Mary the sister of Aaron,[10] Muslims see this as connecting the two women from two prophetic households in spirit, Although Many people see this as a mistake, This question was actually reported to have been put across to Muhammed during his time and he replied: "The (people of the old age) used to give names (to their persons) after the names of Apostles and pious persons who had gone before them".[11] Although there is no single evidence that this practice happened in the 1st century BC.[12] Luke 3:23 Quran 19:28
Léon Bonnat - Job.jpg Job ʾAyyūb Iyyov Job 1:1 Quran 6:84
Saint John The Baptist Preaching In The Wilderness by Anton Raphael.png John the Baptist Yaḥyā Yohanan Yaḥyā means 'living' as opposed to Yūḥānna ('graceful'), which comes from Hebrew Yoḥanan. Luke 1:13 Quran 19:7
Sistine jonah.jpg Jonah Yūnus "Dhun-Nun" Yonah Possibly derived from Greek Ionas Jonah 3:4 Quran 37:139
Bourgeois Joseph recognized by his brothers.jpg Joseph Yūsuf Yosef Genesis 30:24 Quran 6:84
Peter Paul Rubens 076.jpg Lot Lūṭ Lot Genesis 11:27 Quran 66:10
Sodom Monreal.jpg Lot's wife Lūṭ's wife She is nameless both in the Bible and in the Quran. Genesis 19:26 Quran 26:170
Sassoferrato - Jungfrun i bön.jpg Mary Maryam Mariam Matthew 1:16 Quran 19:34
Feuerbach Mirjam 2.jpg Miriam Mūsā's sister Miriam Exodus 6:20 Quran 28:11
Luca Giordano - The Fall of the Rebel Angels - Google Art Project.jpg Michael Mīkāīl Mikhael Revelation 12:7 Quran 19:54
Philippe de Champaigne - Moses with the Ten Commandments - WGA04717.jpg Moses Mūsā Moshe Exodus 6:20 Quran 33:7
York Minster, Great East Window, T2, Noah and the Ark.jpg Noah Nūḥ Noah Genesis 5:29 Quran 33:7
Moses and Aaron before Pharaoh.jpg Pharaoh Firʿawn Paroh Exodus 1:11 Quran 20:60
The Queen of Sheba (2131716999).jpg Queen of Sheba Queen of Sabaʾ; Bilqīs Malkat Saba She is nameless both in the Bible and in the Quran. but The name Bilqīs or Balqīs comes from Islamic tradition. 1 Kings 10:1 Quran 27:29
Saul and David by Rembrandt Mauritshuis 621.jpg Saul the King Ṭālūt Sha'ul Literally 'Tall'; Meant to rhyme with Lūṭ or Jālūṭ. 1 Samuel 17:33 Quran 2:246
1-Luzifer.jpg Devil or Satan Shaytān / Iblīs HaSatan Iblīs, literally 'despaired'; Possibly derived from Greek Diabolus. Genesis 3:14 Quran 7:11
Åhus kyrka-07.jpg Solomon Sulaymān Shlomoh 1 Kings 10:23 Quran 34:12
Terah.jpg Terah Āzar (Tāraḥ/Tārakḥ among Arab genealogists and Shiites) Terah There is a disagreement with regards to Āzar being Abraham's biological father or uncle.[13][14][15] It is claimed that Āzar is derived from Syriac Āthar (See Church History (Eusebius)[citation needed]), which is derived from Hebrew Táraḥ, Thara or Zarah. Genesis 11:24 Quran 6:74
Hosios Loukas (south cross-arm) - Zacharias by shakko.jpg Zechariah Zakariyyā Zekaryah Luke 1:13 Quran 19:7
Zimri (prince) al-Samiri (Islamic figure) Zimri ben Salu Al-Samīri is derived from Eastern Syriac 'Zamri, which is derived from Hebrew Zimri. Numbers 25:14 Quran 20:85

Not identified by name in the Quran[edit]

Sarah, Zipporah, Elizabeth, Raphael, Cain and Abel, Korah, Joseph's brothers, Potiphar and his wife, Eve, Jochebed, Samuel, Noah's sons, and Noah's wife are mentioned, but unnamed in the Quran. Sarah, Elizabeth, Cain and Abel have the respective names: Sara, al-Isbat, Habil and Qabil in Islamic tradition.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Stoneman, Richard (2003). "Alexander the Great in Arabic Tradition". In Panayotakis, Stelios; Zimmerman, Maaike; Keulen, Wytse (eds.). The Ancient Novel and Beyond. Brill Academic Publishers NV. ISBN 978-90-04-12999-3.
  2. ^ EI2, p. 127.
  3. ^ Pinault, David (1992). Story-Telling Techniques in the Arabian Nights. BRILL. ISBN 978-9004095304.
  4. ^ All of Chapter 1, verses 1–7 was about Alexander and this serves as an introduction of the book. This explains how the Greek influence reached the Land of Israel at that time.
  5. ^ Azad, Abul Kalam (1990). India's Maulana Abul Kalam Azad. Indian Council for Cultural Relations.
  6. ^ Wheeler 2006, p. 182.
  7. ^ Tatum, James (1994). The Search for the ancient novel. Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 342. ISBN 978-0-8018-4619-9.
  8. ^ W.F. Albright, Review of Th. Boylan, The hermes of Egypt, in Journal of the Palestine Oriental Society 2 (1922), 190-8
  9. ^ H. T. Halman, "Idris," in Holy People of the World: A Cross-Cultural Encyclopedia (ABC-CLIO, 2004), p. 388
  10. ^ Clooney S.J., Francis X., "What Islam really teaches about the Virgin Mary", America, December 18, 2015
  11. ^ 60 hadith found in 'The Book on General Behaviour (Kitab Al-Adab)' of Sahih Muslim.
  12. ^ Those Things are well explained in this video https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GNKWBD3k77s&t=120s
  13. ^ https://www.al-islam.org/shiite-encyclopedia-ahlul-bayt-dilp-team/was-azar-father-prophet-abraham
  14. ^ https://www.al-islam.org/es/node/19113#historical-discussion
  15. ^ https://www.al-islam.org/islam-in-the-bible-thomas-mcelwain/marriage

Bibliography[edit]

  • Wheeler, Brannon (2006). "Dhu Al-Qarnayn". In Leaman, Oliver (ed.). The Qur'an: An Encyclopedia. Taylor & Francis.