List of people known as "the Great"
In Persia, the title "the Great" at first seems to have been a colloquial version of the Old Persian title "Great King". It was first used by Cyrus II of Persia. The title was inherited by Alexander III when he conquered the Persian Empire, and the epithet eventually became personally associated with him. The first reference to this is in a comedy by Plautus, in which it is assumed that everyone knew who "Alexander the Great" was; however, there is no evidence that he was called "the Great" before this. The early Seleucid kings, who succeeded Alexander in Persia, used "Great King" in local documents, but the title was most notably used for Antiochus the Great. Once the term gained currency, it was broadened to include persons in other fields, such as the philosopher Albert the Great.
Later rulers and commanders were given the epithet during their lifetime, for example the Roman general Pompey. Others received the title posthumously, such as the Carthaginian Hanno and the Indian emperor Ashoka. As there are no objective criteria for "greatness", the persistence of the designation varies greatly. For example, Louis XIV of France was often referred to as "the Great" in his lifetime, but is rarely called such nowadays. German Emperor Wilhelm I was often called "the Great" in the time of his grandson Wilhelm II, but rarely before or after.
|Abbas the Great||Fifth Shahanshah of Persia Safavid Empire, (in present-day Iran)||1571 - 1629|||
|Sultan Agung of Mataram||Ruler of Mataram Sultanate (present day, Yogyakarta and most of Java island, Indonesia) from 1613 to 1645||1593 - 1645|
|Akbar||Mughal emperor (India)||1542 - 1605|||
|Alexander I of Georgia||King of Georgia||1386 - 1446|
|Alexander the Great||King of Macedonia and Persia. Pharaoh of Egypt.||356 BC - 323 BC|
|Alfonso III of Asturias||King of León, Galicia and Asturias||848 - 910|
|Alfred the Great||King of Wessex and the Anglo-Saxons||848/849 - 899|
|Antiochus III the Great||Ruler of the Seleucid Empire||241 BC - 187 BC|
|Ashoka||Indian emperor of the Maurya dynasty||304 BC - 232 BC|||
|Askia Mohammad I||Ruler of the Songhai Empire||1442 - 1538|||
|Bhumibol Adulyadej||King of Thailand||1927 - 2016|
|Bolesław I the Brave||First king of Poland||967 - 1025|||
|Casimir III the Great||King of Poland (1333–1370)||1310 - 1370|
|Catherine the Great||Empress of Russia||1729 - 1796|
("Charles the Great")
|King of the Franks and Emperor of the Romans||800 - 814|
|Chlothar II||King of Neustria and King of the Franks||584 - 629|
|Chulalongkorn||King of Siam (In present-day: Thailand)||1853 - 1910|
|Constantine the Great||Roman emperor||272 - 337|
|Cnut the Great||King of England (1016–1035), Denmark (1018–1035) and Norway (1028–1035).||985 or 995 - 1035|
|Cyrus the Great||Founder and First Shahanshah of Persia Achaemenid Empire, (in present-day Iran)||600 BC or 576 BC - 530 BC|
|Darius The Great||Third Shahanshah of Persia Achaemenid Empire, (in present-day Iran)||550 BC - 486 BC|
|Eucratides I||Ruler of the Greco-Bactrian Kingdom and the Indo-Greek Kingdom||170 BC - 145 BC|||
|Ewuare (1440–1473)||Founder and Oba (king) of the Benin Empire (in present-day Nigeria)||1440 - 1473|
|Farrukhan the Great||Ispahbadh of Tabaristan||712 - 728|||
|Ferdinand I of León||King of León and Count of Castile||1015 - 1065|
|Frederick the Great||King of Prussia||1712 - 1786|
|Genghis Khan||Founder and Great Khan of the Mongol Empire||1162 - 1227|
|Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden||King of Sweden (1611–1632), founder of the Swedish Empire, and noted military leader||1594 - 1632|
|Gwanggaeto the Great||King of Goguryeo, one of the Three Kingdoms of Korea||374 - 413|||
|Hanno the Great||Three different Carthaginian leaders, of the 4th, 3rd and 2nd centuries BC, respectively||Multiple|
|Henry IV of France||King of France and King of Navarre||1553 - 1610|
|Herod the Great||King of Judea||73 BC/74 BC - 4 BC|
|Hugh Magnus||Co-King of France||1007 - 1025|
|Ivan III of Russia||Grand Prince of Moscow||1440 - 1505|
|John I of Portugal||King of Portugal and the Algarve||1358 - 1433|
|John II of Aragon and Navarre||King of Aragon and, through his wife, King of Navarre||1398 - 1479|
|Justinian I||Roman Emperor (Eastern)||483 - 565|
|Kamehameha I||First king of Hawaii||1758 - 1819|
|Kangxi Emperor||Emperor of Qing China||1654 - 1722|
|Kanishka||Ruler of the Kushan Empire in Central Asia and parts of India||? - 127|
|Kvirike III of Kakheti||King of Kakheti in eastern Georgia||1010 - 1029|
|Kublai Khan||Mongol ruler in the 13th century and Emperor of China; founder of the Yuan Dynasty||1215 - 1294|
|Llywelyn the Great||King of Gwynedd and de facto ruler of most of Wales||1172 - 1240|
|Louis I of Hungary||King of Hungary, Croatia and Poland||1326 - 1382|
|Louis XIV of France||King of France and Navarre||1638 - 1715|
|Manuel I Komnenos||Byzantine Emperor||1118 - 1180|
|Emperor Meiji||Emperor of Japan||1852 - 1912|
|Mircea I of Wallachia||Ruler of Wallachia||1355 - 1418|
|Mithridates II of Parthia||Ninth Shahanshah of Persia Parthian Empire, (in present-day Iran)||121 BC - 91 BC|
|Mithridates VI of Pontus||Ruler of Pontus and the Bosporan Kingdom||134 BC - 63 BC|
|Mubarak Al-Sabah (1840–1915)||Ruler of Kuwait||1840 - 1915|
|Mstislav I of Kiev||Grand Prince of Kievan Rus'||1076 - 1132|
|Narai||King of Ayutthaya Kingdom (in present-day Thailand)||1633 - 1688|
|Naresuan||King of Ayutthaya Kingdom (in present-day Thailand)||1590 - 1605|
|Otto I, Holy Roman Emperor||Holy Roman Emperor||912 - 973|
|K'inich Janaab' Pakal||Ruler of the Mayan city-state of Palenque||603 - 683|
|Parakramabahu I||King of Sri Lanka||1123 - 1186|
|Peter Krešimir IV of Croatia||King of Croatia||1059 - 1075|||
|Peter the Great||Tsar of Russia; Founder of Russian Empire||June 9, 1672 - February 5, 1725|||
|Peter III of Aragon||King of Aragon and King of Sicily||1239 - November 1285|
|Phutthayotfa Chulalok||King of Siam (In present-day: Thailand)||March 20, 1782 - September 7, 1809|||
|Qin Shi Huang||First emperor of China, who unified China from Warring States||259 BC - 210 BC|
|Radama I||First king of greater Madagascar||1793 - 1828|
|Raja Raja Chola I||The Great Chola Emperor from present day South India who ruled over the Chola kingdom between 985 and 1014 CE.||947 - 1014|
|Rajendra Chola I||The Great Chola Emperor from present day South India to Sri Lanka, Indonesia, Malaysia who ruled over the Chola kingdom between 1014 and 1044 CE.||979 - 1044|
|Ramesses II||Pharaoh of Egypt known for his temples, monuments, and military feats.||1279 BC - 1213 BC|||
|Ram Khamhaeng||King of Sukhothai (In present-day: Thailand)||1237/1247 - 1298|
|Reza Shah||Founder and First Shahanshah of Persia Pahlavi dynasty, (in present-day Iran)||March 15, 1878 - July 26, 1944|||
|Rhodri the Great||King of Gwynedd (in present-day Wales)||820 - 878|
|Roman the Great||Grand Prince of Kiev||1160 - 1205|||
|Sancho III of Pamplona||King of Navarre||992 - 1035|
|Sargon of Akkad||Ruler of the Akkadian Empire||? - 2215 BC|||
|Sejong the Great||Korean King during the Joseon Dynasty||1397 - 1450|||
|Shapur I||Second Shahanshah of Persia Sassanid Empire, (in present-day Iran)||215 - May 270|
|Shapur II||Tenth Shahanshah of Persia Sassanid Empire, (in present-day Iran)||309 - 379|
|Simeon I of Bulgaria||Tsar (emperor) of Bulgaria||864 - 927|||
|Stephen III of Moldavia||Prince of Moldavia (Romania)||1433 - July 2, 1504|||
|Stefan Uroš I||King of Serbia (1243–76)||1223 - 1277|||
|Stefan Dušan||King of Serbia (1331–45) and Emperor of the Serbs and Greeks (1345–55)||1308 - 1355|||
|Taksin||King of the Thonburi Kingdom (In present-day: Thailand)||1734 - 1783|||
|Tamar of Georgia||Queen of the Georgian Empire||1160 - January 18, 1223|||
|Emperor Taizong of Tang||Emperor of Tang (China)||January 28, 598 - July 10, 649|
|Theoderic the Great||King of the Ostrogoths, regent of the Visigoths and a viceroy of the Byzantine Empire||454 - August 30, 526|
|Theodosius I||Roman emperor||January 19, 347 - January 17, 395|||
|Tigranes the Great||Emperor of Armenia||140 BC - 55 BC|||
|Timur||Better known as Tamerlane, founder of the Timurid Dynasty||April 9, 1336 - February 18, 1405|||
|Tiridates III of Armenia||King of Armenia||285 - 339|||
|Valdemar I of Denmark||King of Denmark||1131 - 1182|||
|Valentinian I||Roman emperor||364 - 375|||
|Vladimir the Great||Kievan Rus' ruler; Prince of Novgorod and Grand Prince of Kiev||958 - 1015|||
|Vytautas||Archduke of the Lithuanian Grand Duchy||1350 - 1430|||
|Xerxes I||Fourth Shahanshah of Persia Achaemenid Empire, (in present-day Iran)||519 BC - 465 BC|||
|Yuknoom Ch'een II||Mayan king of Kaan||600-c.680|||
|Alain I of Albret||French aristocrat||1440 - 1522|
|Bruno||Archbishop of Cologne and Duke of Lotharingia||925 - 965|||
|Conrad, Margrave of Meissen||Margrave of Meissen||1097 - February 5, 1157|||
|Gerard, Duke of Lorraine||Duke of Lorraine||1020 - April 14, 1070||.|
|Gerhard III, Count of Holstein-Rendsburg||German prince who ruled Schauenburg and Holstein-Rendsburg and for a while a large part of Denmark||1292 - April 1, 1340|
|Gero||Ruler of Marca Geronis, a very large march in Europe||900 - May 20, 965|||
|Hanno II||Carthaginian aristocrat, general and politician||3rd century BC|||
|Hanno III||Carthaginian politician||2nd century BC|||
|Henry I, Duke of Burgundy||Duke of Burgundy||946 - October 15, 1002|
|Hugh the Great||Count of Paris and Duke of the Franks||898 - June 16, 956|||
|Hugh, Count of Vermandois||Count of Vermandois||1057 - October 18, 1101|
|Humphrey I de Bohun||Anglo-Norman aristocrat||? - 1123|
|Matteo Rosso Orsini||Roman politician and father of Pope Nicholas III||1178 - 1246|
|Odo the Great||Duke of Aquitaine||? - 735|||
|Pompey||Military and political leader of the late Roman Republic||September 29, 106 BC - September 28, 48 BC|||
|Ralph IV of Valois||Count of Valois, Bar, Vexin, Vitry, Amiens, Montdidier and Tardenois||1025 - 1074|||
|Ramon Berenguer III, Count of Barcelona||Count of Barcelona, Provence and various other counties||1082 - 1131|
|Robert I, Count of Dreux||Count of Dreux||1123 - October 11, 1188|
|Roger de Montgomerie, 1st Earl of Shrewsbury||Earl of Shrewsbury and Arundel||? - 1094|
|Theobald II, Count of Champagne||Count of Blois and of Chartres as Theobald IV, Count of Champagne and of Brie||1090 - January 10, 1151|
|William I, Count of Burgundy||Count of Burgundy and Mâcon||1020 - November 12, 1087|
|William V, Duke of Aquitaine||Duke of Aquitaine, Count of Poitou||969 - January 31, 1030|||
|Abraham Kidunaia||Hermit, priest, and Christian saint of Mesopotamia||? - 366|||
|Abraham the Great of Kashkar||Monk and saint of the Church of the East||492 - 586|
|Albertus Magnus||Medieval German philosopher and theologian||1193/1206 - November 15, 1280|||
|Anthony the Great||Early Christian saint of Egypt||January 12, 251 - January 17, 356|||
|Arsenius the Great||Roman anchorite saint in Egypt||354 - 445|
|Athanasius of Alexandria||Early Christian saint and bishop of Alexandria||296 - May 2, 373|||
|Babai the Great||Assyrian church leader||551 - 628|
|Basil of Caesarea||Greek bishop and theologian||330 - January 379|||
|Bertin||Frankish Abbot of a monastery that was named after him after he died||615 - 709|
|Bruno the Great||Archbishop of Cologne and Duke of Lotharingia (also listed in the previous section)||May 925 - October 11, 965|||
|Euthymius the Great||Abbot and Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox saint||377 - January 20, 473|
|Gertrude the Great||German Benedictine, mystic, theologian and Roman Catholic saint||1256 - 1302|||
|Pope Gregory I||Roman Catholic Pope||540 - 604|||
|Hugh of Cluny||Abbot of Cluny||1024 - 1109|
|James, son of Zebedee [Note 1]||One of the Twelve Apostles of Jesus Christ||3 - 44|||
|Joannicius the Great||Byzantine hermit, theologian and saint||752 - 846|||
|Pope John Paul II||Roman Catholic Pope||May 18, 1920 - April 2, 2005|||
|Pope Leo I||Roman Catholic Pope||391 or 400 - 461|||
|Macarius of Egypt||Egyptian hermit||300 - 391|||
|Michael the Great||Patriarch of the Syriac Orthodox Church||1126 - 1199|||
|Pope Nicholas I||Roman Catholic Pope||800 - 867|||
|Photius I of Constantinople||Eastern Orthodox saint and Patriarch of Constantinople||810 - 893|||
|William of Maleval||Founder of the Catholic congregation of Williamites||? - 1157|
|Aaron ben Jacob of Karlin||Hasidic rabbi||1736 - 1772|||
|Eliezer ben Hurcanus||Rabbi in Judea||1st Century|||
|Hiyya the Great||Rabbi in Judea||3rd Century|||
|Afonso de Albuquerque||Portuguese general, statesman and empire builder||1453 - 1515|||
|Melias||Distinguished Byzantine general of Armenian origin, called "Mleh the Great" in Armenian sources||10th Century|||
|Prokop the Great||Hussite general in Bohemia||1380 - May 30, 1434|||
Legendary and mythological figures
|Ajax the Great||Greek hero in the Iliad|||
|Beli Mawr||In medieval Welsh mythology and literature|||
|Yu the Great (c. 2200–2100 BC)||Legendary ruler in ancient China|||
- List of monarchs by nickname
- List of nicknames of European royalty and nobility
- James Stanley, 7th Earl of Derby (1607–1651), "Yn Stanlagh Mooar" ("the Great Stanley"), also Lord of Mann
- Bantul the Great, a Bengali comic strip character
- In this case James is styled "the Greater" to distinguish him from the Apostle James the Lesser, with greater meaning older or taller, rather than more important.
- In a clay cylinder (online). The first Persian ruler to use the title in an Iranian context was Darius I of Persia (Darius the Great), in the Behistun Inscription (online).
- Plautus, Mostellaria 775.
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- Asiatic Society of Bengal (1840). Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal. Soc. p. 533.
- Bernard Lewis; Charles Pellat (1982). The Encyclopaedia of Islam. Brill. p. 298. ISBN 9789004067127.
- Korean Culture and Information Service Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism (15 January 2015). FACTS ABOUT KOREA: South korea, Past and Present. 길잡이미디어. pp. 191–. ISBN 978-89-7375-584-4.
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- Sulak Sivaraksa (1985). Siamese Resurgence: A Thai Buddhist Voice on Asia and a World of Change. Asian Cultural Forum on Development. p. 175.
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- One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Singer, Isidore; et al., eds. (1901–1906). "AARON BEN JACOB OF KARLIN". The Jewish Encyclopedia. New York: Funk & Wagnalls. Retrieved 20 December 2012.
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