List of people under Five Eyes surveillance
The "Five Eyes" (FVEY) refers to an alliance comprising Australia, Canada, New Zealand, the United Kingdom and the United States. These countries are bound by the multilateral UKUSA Agreement for joint cooperation in signals intelligence, military intelligence, and human intelligence. In recent years, documents of the FVEY have shown that they are intentionally spying on one another's citizens and sharing the collected information with each other in order to circumvent restrictive domestic regulations on spying.
As the surveillance capabilities of the FVEY continue to increase to keep up to pace with technological advancements, a global surveillance system has been gradually developed to capture the communications of entire populations across national borders. The following list contains a handful of targets of the FVEY who are public figures in various fields. In order for a person to be included in the list, there must be well-documented evidence based on reliable sources, such as leaked or declassified FVEY documents or whistleblower accounts, which demonstrate that the person involved is, or was, intentionally targeted for surveillance.
Abbreviations of FVEY government agencies
List of notable people under FVEY surveillance
||A comedian, filmmaker, and composer who rose to fame in the silent era, Charlie Chaplin became one of the most important figures in the film industry through his screen persona "the Tramp". Due to his alleged ties to communism, he was placed under surveillance by MI5 agents acting on behalf of the FBI as part of a campaign to banish him from the United States.|||
|Diana, Princess of Wales||
||A firm opponent of the international usage of land mines, the Princess of Wales was placed under surveillance by the GCHQ and the NSA, which kept a top secret file on her containing more than 1,000 pages. The NSA has not released Diana's file, citing national security concerns.|||
||An Internet entrepreneur, businessman, and hacktivist, Kim Dotcom (born Kim Schmitz) is the founder of the file hosting service Megaupload. On behalf of the FBI, the GCSB conducted illegal surveillance on Dotcom, who is a permanent resident of New Zealand. Prime Minister John Key later issued an apology for the GCSB's illegal surveillance.|||
||An actress, writer, political activist and former fashion model, Jane Fonda is the recipient of two Academy Awards, an Emmy Award and three Golden Globes. Due to her political activism, her communications as well as those of her husband, Tom Hayden, were intercepted by the GCHQ and handed over to the NSA.|||
||A Shia cleric and a former President of Iran, Ali Khamenei is the current Supreme Leader of Iran. During a rare visit to Iranian Kurdistan in 2009, he and his entourage were targeted for surveillance under a high-tech espionage mission involving the analysis and processing of satellite imagery. The operation was jointly conducted by the GCHQ and the NSA.|||
||A musician, songwriter, and lead singer of The Beatles, John Lennon engaged in anti-war activism through several iconic songs such as "Give Peace a Chance" and "Happy Xmas (War Is Over)". In 1971, he moved to New York City to join activists in the United States to protest against the Vietnam War. Over the next 12 months, the U.S. government launched an extensive surveillance operation to monitor his activities and to deport him back to Britain. The operation was conducted by the FBI with the help of MI5.|||
||An activist, lawyer, and philanthropist who served as President of South Africa from 1994 to 1999, Nelson Mandela was denounced as a terrorist by critics and was placed under surveillance by British MI6 agents. In 1962, Mandela was arrested after details of his alleged terrorist activities were picked up by the CIA and handed over to local authorities.|||
||A politician, former research scientist, and the Chancellor of Germany since 2005, Angela Merkel's phone communications were monitored by the Special Collection Service, which is part of the STATEROOM surveillance program of the FVEY.|||
||A politician, lawyer, and a former Mayor of Jerusalem, Ehud Olmert is the 12th Prime Minister of Israel. He and Israel's Minister of Defense, Ehud Barak, were included in a list of surveillance targets used by the GCHQ and the NSA.|||
||A Dixiecrat candidate in the 1948 U.S. presidential election, Strom Thurmond represented South Carolina in the United States Senate and was recognized in 2003 as the longest-serving senator in U.S. history. In 1988, Margaret Newsham, a Lockheed employee, told a closed-door session of the United States Congress that Thurmond's telephone calls were being intercepted by the FVEY via their ECHELON surveillance system.|||
|Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono||
||A former chief military observer of the United Nation Peacekeeping Force in Bosnia and the former President of Indonesia, Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono and his wife were placed under surveillance by the ASD, which shared details of the operation with the NSA.|||
- Cox, James (December 2012). "Canada and the Five Eyes Intelligence Community" (PDF). Canadian Defence and Foreign Affairs Institute. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2014-02-05.
- "Five Eyes". United States Army Combined Arms Center. Archived from the original on 18 January 2014. Retrieved 18 January 2014.
- "PKI Interoperability with FVEY Partner Nations on the NIPRNet". United States Department of the Navy. Archived from the original on 18 January 2014. Retrieved 18 January 2014.
- Ball, James (20 November 2013). "US and UK struck secret deal to allow NSA to 'unmask' Britons' personal data". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 20 January 2014. Retrieved 18 January 2014.
- MacAskill, Ewen (2 December 2013). "Revealed: Australian spy agency offered to share data about ordinary citizens". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 18 January 2014. Retrieved 18 January 2014.
- Watt, Nicholas (10 June 2013). "NSA 'offers intelligence to British counterparts to skirt UK law'". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 29 December 2013. Retrieved 19 January 2014.
- British spy agency taps cables, shares with U.S. NSA – Guardian Archived 2014-01-25 at the Wayback Machine, Reuters, 21 June 2013. Retrieved 18 January 2014.
- Barton Gellman (24 December 2013). "Edward Snowden, after months of NSA revelations, says his mission's accomplished". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on 1 December 2015. Retrieved 25 December 2013.
Taken together, the revelations have brought to light a global surveillance system that cast off many of its historical restraints after the attacks of Sept. 11, 2001. Secret legal authorities empowered the NSA to sweep in the telephone, Internet and location records of whole populations.
- Norton-Taylor, Richard (17 February 2012). "MI5 spied on Charlie Chaplin after FBI asked for help to banish him from US". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 18 November 2010.
- Stanglin, Douglas (17 February 2012). "British spy files show FBI efforts to ban Charlie Chaplin". USA Today.
- "The Charlie Chaplin MI5 files uncovered". BBC. 17 February 2012. Archived from the original on 17 October 2012. Retrieved 18 January 2014.
- Loeb, Vernon (12 December 1998). "NSA Admits to Spying on Princess Diana". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on 9 November 2017. Retrieved 18 January 2014.
- "Top secret US files could hold clues to death of Diana". The Guardian. 11 January 2004. Archived from the original on 8 January 2018. Retrieved 18 January 2014.
- Allen, Nick (9 January 2008). "Diana's Squidgygate tapes 'leaked by GCHQ'". The Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on 11 March 2014. Retrieved 18 January 2014.
- "Court says Kim Dotcom can sue New Zealand spy agency". BBC. 7 March 2013. Archived from the original on 19 February 2014. Retrieved 19 January 2014.
- Quilliam, Rebecca (29 August 2013). "GCSB spying illegal, but no charges laid". The New Zealand Herald. Retrieved 18 January 2014.
- "No charges laid over GCSB's illegal spying of Dotcom". Television New Zealand. 29 August 2013. Archived from the original on 1 February 2014. Retrieved 18 January 2014.
- "John Key apologises to Kim Dotcom". Television New Zealand. 27 September 2012. Archived from the original on 13 December 2013. Retrieved 18 January 2014.
- Hanson, Christopher (13 August 1982). "British 'helped U.S. in spying on activists'". The Vancouver Sun. Retrieved 30 November 2013.
- "'UK aided spy check'". Evening Times. Glasgow. 13 August 1982. Retrieved 30 November 2013.
- Shane, Scott (2 November 2013). "No Morsel Too Minuscule for All-Consuming N.S.A." The New York Times. Archived from the original on 25 November 2013. Retrieved 21 January 2014.
- Cohen, Adam (21 September 2006). "While Nixon Campaigned, the F.B.I. Watched John Lennon". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 13 November 2013. Retrieved 27 October 2013.
- Gumbel, Andrew (21 December 2006). "The Lennon Files: The FBI and the Beatle". The Independent. Archived from the original on 15 December 2013. Retrieved 27 October 2013.
- Norton-Taylor, Richard (21 February 2000). "MI5 sent file on Lennon to help US investigation". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 3 February 2014. Retrieved 19 January 2014.
- Redfern, Nick (2007). Celebrity Secrets Official Government Files on the Rich and Famous. Pocket Books. pp. 191–192. ISBN 9781416538462.
- Aislinn, Laing (9 July 2013). "British intelligence 'birdwatchers spied on Nelson Mandela's hideout'". The Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on 28 September 2013. Retrieved 21 September 2013.
- Starkey, Jerome (10 July 2013). "Nelson Mandela 'was spied on by MI6 birdwatchers'". The Times. Retrieved 21 September 2013.
- Johnston, David (10 June 1990). "C.I.A. Tie Reported in Mandela Arrest". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 25 January 2014. Retrieved 18 January 2014.
- Stein, Jeff (12 May 2013). "The Day Mandela Was Arrested, With A Little Help From the CIA". Newsweek. Archived from the original on 17 January 2014. Retrieved 18 January 2014.
- "Cover Story: How NSA Spied on Merkel Cell Phone from Berlin Embassy". Der Spiegel. 27 October 2013. Archived from the original on 22 March 2014. Retrieved 19 January 2014.
- "US bugged Merkel's phone from 2002 until 2013, report claims". BBC. 27 October 2013. Archived from the original on 30 December 2013. Retrieved 18 January 2014.
- Campbell, Duncan; Cahal Milmo; Kim Sengupta; Nigel Morris; Tony Patterson (5 November 2013). "Revealed: Britain's 'secret listening post in the heart of Berlin'". The Independent. Archived from the original on 22 March 2014. Retrieved 19 January 2014.
- Aderet, Ofer (20 December 2013). "U.S., British intelligence spied on former Prime Minister Olmert, Defense Minister Barak". Haaretz. Archived from the original on 20 January 2014. Retrieved 21 January 2014.
- Campbell, Duncan (25 July 2000). "Inside Echelon". Heise Online. Archived from the original on 26 January 2014. Retrieved 19 January 2014.
- "Ex-Snoop Confirms Echelon Network". CBS News. 24 February 2000. Archived from the original on 20 January 2014. Retrieved 19 January 2014.
- Hyatt, Michael S. (2001). Invasion of Privacy: How to Protect Yourself in the Digital Age. Washington, DC: Regnery Publishing. p. 68. ISBN 0895262878.
- Brissenden, Michael (18 Nov 2013). "Australia spied on Indonesian president Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono, leaked Edward Snowden documents reveal". Australian Broadcasting Corporation. Archived from the original on 5 October 2015. Retrieved 13 December 2013.
- McDonald, Hamish (21 November 2013). "Spying on President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono's wife a step too far by ASD". The Sydney Morning Herald. Archived from the original on 22 January 2014. Retrieved 19 January 2014.
- McGregor, Richard (20 November 2013). "Australia's Abbott has his Merkel moment". Financial Times. Archived from the original on 25 January 2014. Retrieved 21 January 2014.