List of people who died climbing Mount Everest

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North face of Mount Everest

Mount Everest, at 8,848 metres (29,029 ft) is the world's highest mountain and a particularly desirable peak for mountaineers. Over 280 people have died trying to climb it and in the last few decades, fatalities have occurred every year. The last year without known fatalities on the mountain was 1977, a year in which only two people reached the summit.[1]

Most deaths have been attributed to avalanches, injury from fall, ice collapse, exposure, or health problems related to conditions on the mountain. Not all bodies have been located, so details on those fatalities are not available.

The upper reaches of the mountain are in the death zone. The death zone is a mountaineering term for altitudes above a certain point – around 8,000 m (26,000 ft), or less than 356 millibars (5.16 psi) of atmospheric pressure – where the oxygen level is not sufficient to sustain human life.[2] Many deaths in high-altitude mountaineering have been caused by the effects of the death zone, either directly (loss of vital functions) or indirectly (unwise decisions made under stress or physical weakening leading to accidents). In the death zone, the human body cannot acclimatize, as it uses oxygen faster than it can be replenished. An extended stay in the zone without supplementary oxygen will result in deterioration of bodily functions, loss of consciousness and, ultimately, death.[3][4][5]

Background[edit]

Routes to Mount Everest's summit from the north (yellow) and south (orange).

The most popular routes are the South Col route from the Nepalese side and the North Col route from the Tibetan side.

The first recorded deaths on the mountain were the seven porters who perished in an avalanche in the 1922 British Mount Everest Expedition. George Mallory, who was present, blamed himself for the deaths.[6] During the initial 1921 British Reconnaissance Expedition there were two deaths en route to the mountain – an unidentified porter as well as heart attack victim Dr. A. M. Kellas.[6][7]

While dangerous for the novice climber, the mountain has also claimed the lives of some of the most experienced climbers. Babu Chiri Sherpa had climbed the mountain several times, and in 1999 spent 20 hours on the summit of Everest, then a new record.[8] He also climbed to the summit twice in two weeks and held the record climbing time from Base Camp to summit of 16 hours and 56 minutes.[8] He died in 2001 from a fall near Camp II. Experienced guide Rob Hall died on Everest shortly after becoming the first non-Sherpa to have summitted five times (1996).

One of the most infamous tragedies on the mountain was the 1996 Mount Everest disaster on May 11, 1996, during which eight people died while making summit attempts. In that entire season, 15 people died trying to reach the summit, making it the deadliest single year in the mountain's history to that point. The disaster gained wide publicity and has been written about many times; both Into Thin Air by Jon Krakauer and The Climb by Anatoli Boukreev were written by mountaineers who were on Mount Everest at the time, and they give conflicting accounts of the events. Curiously, 1996 was statistically a safe year for Everest climbers. Before 1996, one in four climbers had died making the ascent; 1996 saw huge numbers of people attempting the climb and the statistics for 1996 reveal that only one in seven died.[9]

Another notable incident occurred in 1998 when Francys Arsentiev and her husband, Sergei Arsentiev, became separated and then died while looking for each other.[10] Francys' frozen body lay next to the main route to the summit for nine years before climber Ian Woodall led an expedition to push her body over an edge and out of view.[10][11]

In the consecutive 2014 and 2015 seasons, tragedies that each killed more than a dozen people caused no one to ascend the mountain in those years. On April 18, 2014, 16 Sherpas were killed in an avalanche that struck Base Camp.[12][13][14] Just over a year later, on April 25, 2015, 19 people were killed in an avalanche at Base Camp following a powerful 7.8 earthquake, which killed at least 9,000 people and injured at least 23,000.[where?][15][16][17] This is the worst single-day death toll ever in the history of Mount Everest, in modern incidents with accurate counts.[clarification needed]

Due to the difficulties and dangers in bringing bodies down, most of those who die on the mountain remain where they fall, although some are moved by winds and ice. Two Nepalese climbers died on October 24, 1984, while trying to recover the body of Hannelore Schmatz.[18] While searching for George Mallory's body in a "catchment basin" near the peak in 1999, searchers came across multiple bodies in the snow, including Mallory's.[19][20]

Fatalities[edit]

Name Date Age Expedition Nationality Cause of death Location Refs
1 Dorje June 7, 1922 1922 British Mount Everest Expedition    Nepal Avalanche Below North Col [6]
2 Lhakpa June 7, 1922    Nepal Avalanche Below North Col [6]
3 Norbu June 7, 1922    Nepal Avalanche Below North Col [6]
4 Pasang June 7, 1922    Nepal Avalanche Below North Col [6]
5 Pema June 7, 1922    Nepal Avalanche Below North Col [6]
6 Sange June 7, 1922    Nepal Avalanche Below North Col [6]
7 Temba June 7, 1922    Nepal Avalanche Below North Col [6]
8 Bahadur, ManMan Bahadur May 13, 1924 1924 British Mount Everest Expedition    Nepal Pneumonia Above Rongbuk B.C. [6][21]
9 Shamsherpun, Lance-NaikLance-Naik Shamsherpun May 17, 1924    Nepal Brain hemorrhage Above Rongbuk B.C. [6][21]
10 Irvine, AndrewAndrew Irvine June 9, 1924 22  United Kingdom Disappeared; body never found; cause of death unknown N.E. Ridge [6]
11 Mallory, GeorgeGeorge Mallory June 9, 1924 37  United Kingdom Disappeared; body found in 1999; evidence suggests Mallory died from being accidentally struck by his ice axe following a fall. N.E. Ridge [6]
12 Wilson, MauriceMaurice Wilson May 31, 1934 [A 1] 36 Solo Expedition  United Kingdom Body found 1935; cause of death possibly exhaustion, exposure or starvation. East Rongbuk glacier [22]
13 Mingma, DorjeDorje Mingma October 31, 1952 Swiss Expedition    Nepal Falling ice Lhotse Face [23]
14 Ji, WangWang Ji April 11, 1960 Chinese Expedition Northern Slope  China Mountain sickness [24][25]
15 Shi-Ching, ShaoShao Shi-Ching [A 2] April 29, 1960 Chinese Expedition Northern Slope  China N.E. Ridge [24][25]
16 Tshering, NawangNawang Tshering April 28, 1962 Chinese Expedition Northern Slope    Nepal Lhotse face [26]
17 Breitenbach, JakeJake Breitenbach March 23, 1963 27 Norman Dyhrenfurth's American Mount Everest Expedition  United States Crushed under serac Icefall [27][28][29]
18 Gao-shu, MaMa Gao-shu May 1, 1966 Chinese Everest Expedition  China Fall Icefall [25][30]
19 Dorje, PhuPhu Dorje October 18, 1969 Japanese Everest Expedition    Nepal Fall into a crevice Icefall [31]
20 Dorje, NimaNima Dorje April 5, 1970 Japanese Skiing Expedition    Nepal Avalanche Icefall [32]
21 Norbu, KungaKunga Norbu April 5, 1970 Japanese Skiing Expedition    Nepal Avalanche [32]
22 Norbu, MimaMima Norbu April 5, 1970 Japanese Skiing Expedition    Nepal Avalanche Icefall [32]
23 Pasang, Pasang April 5, 1970 Japanese Skiing Expedition    Nepal Avalanche Icefall [32]
24 Tshering, KamiKami Tshering April 5, 1970 Japanese Skiing Expedition    Nepal Avalanche Icefall [32]
25 Tshering, KyakKyak Tshering April 9, 1970 36 Japanese Skiing Expedition    Nepal "by fall of seracs" 5525 m [33]
26 Narita, KiyoshiKiyoshi Narita April 21, 1970 Japanese Skiing Expedition  Japan Heart attack 6150m [34]
27 Vardhan, HarshHarsh Vardhan April 18, 1971 International Expedition of 1971  India Succumbed after falling and being suspended above a crevice during a blizzard 6900m [30]
28 Tighe, TonyTony Tighe November 16, 1972 Mt. Qomolangma expedition  Australia Crushed under serac Icefall [35][36]
29 , JangbuJangbu October 12, 1973    Nepal Avalanche S.W. Face [37]
30 Devouassoux, GérardGérard Devouassoux September 9, 1974 French West Ridge Direct expedition  France Avalanche 6400m [38]
31 Dorje, PembaPemba Dorje September 9, 1974 French West Ridge Direct expedition    Nepal Avalanche 6400m [38]
32 , LhakpaLhakpa September 9, 1974 French West Ridge Direct expedition    Nepal Avalanche 6400m [38]
33 Lutuk, NawangNawang Lutuk September 9, 1974 French West Ridge Direct expedition    Nepal Avalanche 6400m [38]
34 Wangchu, NimaNima Wangchu September 9, 1974 French West Ridge Direct expedition    Nepal Avalanche 6400m [38]
35 Wongal, SanuSanu Wongal September 9, 1974 French West Ridge Direct expedition    Nepal Avalanche 6400m [38]
36 Zhuong Yue, WuWu Zhuong Yue [A 3] May 4, 1975  China Exhaustion, fall 8500m [39]
37 Burke, MickMick Burke September 26, 1975 34 Bonington's 1975 Everest expedition  United Kingdom Disappearance (likely accidental death during climb) Near Summit [40][41]
38 Thompson, TerryTerry Thompson April 10, 1976 British-Nepal Army Everest Expedition  United Kingdom Fall into a crevasse Camp II [30]
39 Nuru, DawaDawa Nuru April 18, 1978    Nepal Fall into a crevasse Icefall [30]
40 Ming-ji, ShiShi Ming-ji April 18, 1978 Chinese Iranian Expedition  China Fall into a crevasse Icefall [30]
41 Phu, AngAng Phu May 16, 1979 Yugoslavian Expedition    Nepal Fall Icefall [30]
42 Genet, RayRay Genet October 2, 1979 48 Gerhard Schmatz German Expedition  United States Exposure, exhaustion 8400m S.E. Ridge [42]
43 Schmatz, HanneloreHannelore Schmatz October 2, 1979 39 Gerhard Schmatz German Expedition  Germany Exposure, exhaustion 8400m S.E. Ridge [42]
44 Hong-bao, WangWang Hong-bao October 12, 1979 Japanese Alpine Club reconnaissance expedition  China Avalanche Below North Col [43]
45 Lan, LouLou Lan [A 4] October 12, 1979 Japanese Alpine Club reconnaissance expedition  China Avalanche Below North Col [43]
46 Thaxi, NimaNima Thaxi [A 5] October 12, 1979 Japanese Alpine Club reconnaissance expedition  China Avalanche Below North Col [43]
47 Ube, AkiraAkira Ube May 2, 1980 31 Japanese Alpine Society Expedition  Japan Avalanche 7900m North Face (Hornbein Couloir) [44]
48 Kersang, NawangNawang Kersang September 6, 1980 Italian Expedition    Nepal Fall Icefall [45]
49 Piana, MarioMario Piana September 22, 1980 Italian Expedition  Italy Crushed under serac Lhotse Face [46]
50 Takenaka, NoboruNoboru Takenaka January 12, 1981 28 Japanese Winter Expedition  Japan Fall 6900m W. Cwm [47]
51 Hoey, MartyMarty Hoey May 15, 1982 30 Whittaker American Expedition  United States Fall 8000m [48]
52 Boardman, PeterPeter Boardman May 17, 1982 31 British Mount Everest Expedition  United Kingdom Disappearance (likely accidental death during climb) North-East Ridge (approx. 8200m) [31][49]
53 Tasker, JoeJoe Tasker May 17, 1982 33 British Mount Everest Expedition  United Kingdom Disappearance (likely accidental death during climb) North-East Ridge (approx. 8200m) [49][50]
54 Chuldim, AngAng Chuldim August 31, 1982 20 Bill March Canadian Expedition    Nepal Avalanche Icefall [51]
55 Dorje, DawaDawa Dorje August 31, 1982 42 Bill March Canadian Expedition    Nepal Avalanche Icefall [51]
56 Sona, PasangPasang Sona August 31, 1982 38 Bill March Canadian Expedition    Nepal Avalanche Icefall [51]
57 Griffiths, BlairBlair Griffiths September 2, 1982 33 Bill March Canadian Expedition  Canada Crushed under serac Icefall [52]
58 Tshering, LhakpaLhakpa Tshering September 27, 1982 Spanish Expedition    Nepal Internal hemorrhage 6770m [39]
59 Dorje, NimaNima Dorje October 14, 1982 Spanish Expedition    Nepal Fall 8300m W ridge [53]
60 Kato, YasuoYasuo Kato December 28, 1982 33 Japanese Expedition  Japan Disappearance (likely accidental death during climb) Near Summit [31][50]
61 Kobayashi, ToshiakiToshiaki Kobayashi December 28, 1982 Japanese Expedition  Japan Near Summit [50]
62 Kamuro, HironobuHironobu Kamuro October 8, 1983 Japanese Expedition  Japan Fall Near Summit [31]
63 Temba, PasangPasang Temba October 8, 1983 Japanese Expedition    Nepal Fall 8600m SE Ridge [31][39]
64 Yoshino, HiroshiHiroshi Yoshino October 9, 1983 Japanese Expedition  Japan Fall Near Summit [31]
65 Rinji, AngAng Rinji March 26, 1984 Indian Expedition    Nepal Avalanche Icefall [39]
66 Swierzy, TonyTony Swierzy April 3, 1984 27 Micheal Lane British North Face Expedition  United Kingdom Avalanche 6238m [54]
67 Prodanov, Hristo IvanovHristo Ivanov Prodanov April 21, 1984 40 Bulgarian West Face Expedition  Bulgaria Disappearance (likely accidental death during descent) 8500m West Ridge [31]
68 From, FredFred From October 9, 1984 28 Australian-New Zealand Expedition  Australia Fall 8000m [55][56]
69 Nottle, CraigCraig Nottle October 9, 1984 23 Australian-New Zealand Expedition  Australia Fall 8000m [55][56]
70 Psotka, JozefJozef Psotka October 16, 1984 50 Australian-New Zealand Expedition  Czechoslovakia Slovakia Fall Near Summit [31]
71 Dorje, AngAng Dorje October 24, 1984 35 Mission to recover body of Hannelore Schmatz    Nepal Fall 8400m S.E. Ridge [18]
72 Thapa, Yogendra BahadurYogendra Bahadur Thapa October 24, 1984 36 Mission to recover body of Hannelore Schmatz    Nepal Fall 8400m S.E. Ridge [18]
73 Navarro, JuanjoJuanjo Navarro May 12, 1985 Basque Expedition  Spain Fall 7300m [57]
74 Ishii, ShinichiShinichi Ishii September 19, 1985 Japanese Expedition  Japan Avalanche [57]
75 Kumar, Kiran InderKiran Inder Kumar October 7, 1985 40 Indian Expedition  India Fall 7986m [58]
76 Bahugana, JaiJai Bahugana October 11, 1985 Indian Expedition  India Exposure South Col [59]
77 Bakshi, Ranjeet SinghRanjeet Singh Bakshi October 11, 1985 Indian Expedition  India Exposure South Col [59]
78 Negi, Vijay Pal SinghVijay Pal Singh Negi October 11, 1985 28 Indian Expedition  India Exposure South Col [58][59]
79 Rao, M.U. BhaskarM.U. Bhaskar Rao October 11, 1985 Indian Expedition  India Exposure South Col [59]
80 Trujillo, Víctor HugoVíctor Hugo Trujillo August 16, 1986 22  Chile Avalanche Below North Col [60]
81 Burkhardt, SimonSimon Burkhardt September 28, 1986 52 Eiselin Sports Expedition   Switzerland Avalanche 7315m [61]
82 Gyalu, Gyalu October 4, 1986 Eiselin Sports Expedition    Nepal Crushed under serac Icefall [61]
83 Norbu, DawaDawa Norbu October 17, 1986 Eiselin Sports Expedition    Nepal Avalanche Below North Col [31]
84 Dorje, TsuttinTsuttin Dorje January 30, 1987    Nepal Fall 7700m [62]
85 Marshall, RogerRoger Marshall May 21, 1987 45  Canada Disappearance (likely accidental death during descent) Hornbein Couloir, Near Summit [63]
86 Yokoyama, MasaoMasao Yokoyama September 2, 1987 44 Japanese Expedition  Japan Drowned E Rongbuk Glacier [64][65][66]
87 Singh, MangalMangal Singh October 20, 1987 British Expedition    Nepal Avalanche Base camp [39]
88 Mizukoshi, HidetakaHidetaka Mizukoshi April 21, 1988 35th Anniversary climb with Chinese, Japanese and Nepalese nationals  Japan Heart attack (at Base camp) Base camp [67]
89 Parmentier, MichelMichel Parmentier September 20, 1988 International  France Exposure 7700m [57]
90 Shrestha, NarayanNarayan Shrestha September 21, 1988    Nepal Avalanche 7200m [68]
91 Sonam, LhakpaLhakpa Sonam October 13, 1988    Nepal Fall 8200m [31]
92 Temba, PasangPasang Temba October 13, 1988    Nepal Fall 8200m [31]
93 Becík, DušanDušan Becík October 17, 1988 34 IAMES Bratislava Expedition  Czechoslovakia Slovakia Disappearance (likely accidental death during climb) 8000m S.E. Ridge [69]
94 Božík, PeterPeter Božík October 17, 1988 34 IAMES Bratislava Expedition  Czechoslovakia Slovakia 8000m S.E. Ridge [69]
95 Jaško, JaroslavJaroslav Jaško October 17, 1988 26 IAMES Bratislava Expedition  Czechoslovakia Slovakia 8000m S.E. Ridge [69]
96 Just, JozefJozef Just October 17, 1988 33 IAMES Bratislava Expedition  Czechoslovakia Slovakia 8000m S.E. Ridge [31]
97 Lhakpa, AngAng Lhakpa December 23, 1988    Nepal Cerebral thrombosis South Col [31]
98 Ilievski-Murato, DimitarDimitar Ilievski-Murato May 10, 1989 35  Yugoslavia Fall Descending South Col Route [31]
99 Dorje, PhuPhu Dorje May 16, 1989    Nepal Fall Descending South Col Route [31]
100 Dąsal, MirosławMirosław Dąsal May 27, 1989 37 Polish-led expedition that included four U.S. mountaineers  Poland Avalanche 7200m W ridge [70]
101 Gardzielewski, MirosławMirosław Gardzielewski May 27, 1989 35 Polish-led expedition that included four U.S. mountaineers  Poland Avalanche 7200m W ridge [70]
102 Heinrich, AndrzejAndrzej Heinrich May 27, 1989 51 Polish-led expedition that included four U.S. mountaineers  Poland Avalanche 7200m W ridge [70]
103 Otręba, WacławWacław Otręba May 27, 1989 50 Polish-led expedition that included four U.S. mountaineers  Poland Avalanche 7200m W ridge [70]
104 Chrobak, EugeniuszEugeniusz Chrobak May 28, 1989 30 Polish-led expedition that included four U.S. mountaineers  Poland Avalanche injuries Lhola camp [31][70]
105 Pinjo, AngAng Pinjo December 12, 1989 South Korean expedition    Nepal Altitude sickness [30]
106 Gómez-Menor, RafaelRafael Gómez-Menor September 14, 1990  Spain Avalanche [71]
107 Sona, AngAng Sona September 14, 1990    Nepal Avalanche [71]
108 Nath, BadriBadri Nath September 14, 1990    Nepal Avalanche [71]
109 Sang-hun, HamHam Sang-hun October 7, 1990 Japanese Korean expedition  South Korea Disappearance (likely accidental death during climb) [72]
110 Lang, RüdigerRüdiger Lang May 3, 1991 Austrian solo expedition  Germany Exposure 7850m N.E. Ridge [39][73]
111 Futagami, JunichiJunichi Futagami May 27, 1991 Japanese solo expedition  Japan Fall 8700m NE [30]
112 Kulkarni, DeepakDeepak Kulkarni May 2, 1992 Indian expedition  India Exposure [30]
113 Jacob, RaymondRaymond Jacob May 2, 1992 Indian expedition  India Exposure [30]
114 Singh, SubbaSubba Singh May 11, 1992 43    Nepal Heart attack [74]
115 Singh, SherSher Singh May 23, 1992 Indian Expedition  India Fall Icefall [30]
116 Hoshi, ManabuManabu Hoshi May 23, 1992 Japanese Expedition  Japan Disappearance (likely accidental death during climb) 8350m NE [75]
117 Tshering, AngAng Tshering January 15, 1993 Spanish Expedition    Nepal Fall [30]
118 Sherpa, Pasang LhamuPasang Lhamu Sherpa April 23, 1993 32 Nepalese Expedition    Nepal Disappearance (likely accidental death during climb) 8750m S.E. Ridge [76]
119 Tshering, SonamSonam Tshering April 23, 1993 Nepalese Expedition    Nepal 8750m S.E. Ridge [76]
120 Tshering Bhutia, LobsangLobsang Tshering Bhutia May 10, 1993 41 40th anniversary of Tenzing Norgay's climb    Nepal Fall 8750m S.E. Ridge [77]
121 Nam Won-woo May 16, 1993 South Korean expedition  South Korea Fall 8450m S.E. Ridge [30][78]
122 A Jin-seob May 17, 1993 South Korean expedition  South Korea Fall 8450m S.E. Ridge [30][78]
123 Henize, KarlKarl Henize October 5, 1993 66 American expedition  United States HAPE 6400m [79]
124 Miranda, AntonioAntonio Miranda October 7, 1993  Spain Fall [80]
125 Thapa, PremPrem Thapa April 6, 1994 German Expedition    Nepal Cerebral Oedema [30]
126 Fang-Fang, ShihShih Fang-Fang 'Norman' May 9, 1994 27 Taiwanese  Taiwan Exhaustion and/or exposure [30]
127 Vigani-Fang, GiuseppeGiuseppe Vigani-Fang May 18, 1994 Italian Expedition  Italy Fall [30]
128 Rheinberger, MikeMike Rheinberger May 27, 1994 53 Australian Expedition  Australia 150m fall. He showed signs of Exhaustion, Dehydration, Cerebral Oedema, Retinal Hemorrages and possible blood clots in his upper legs. 8500m NE [30]
129 Norbu, MingmaMingma Norbu September 12, 1994 Norwegian Expedition    Nepal Avalanche [30]
130 Rita, KamiKami Rita May 6, 1995 American Expedition    Nepal Fall [30]
131 Nuru, LhakpaLhakpa Nuru September 10, 1995 South Korean Expedition    Nepal 6900m [30]
132 , ZangbuZangbu October 14, 1995 South Korean Expedition    Nepal Fall Near Summit [30]
133 Yu-Nan, ChenChen Yu-Nan May 9, 1996 36 "Makalu" Gau Ming-Ho Taiwanese expedition  Taiwan Injuries from a fall [81]
134 , Reinhard WlasichReinhard Wlasich May 1996  Austria Suspected HACE (High-altitude Cerebral Edema), coma 8300m N.E. Ridge Camp 6 [82]

[83]


135 Fischer, ScottScott Fischer May 11, 1996 40 Mountain Madness  United States Suspected HACE (High-altitude Cerebral Edema), exhaustion, frostbite and exposure. 8300m S.E. Ridge [57][84]
136 Hall, RobRob Hall May 11, 1996 35 Adventure Consultants  New Zealand Exposure South Summit [57][84]
137 Hansen, DougDoug Hansen May 11, 1996 46 Adventure Consultants  United States Exposure South Summit [57][84]
138 Harris, AndrewAndrew Harris May 11, 1996 31 Adventure Consultants  New Zealand Disappearance (likely accidental death during climb) 8700m S.E. Ridge [57][84]
139 Morup, DorjeDorje Morup May 11, 1996 47 Indo-Tibetan Border Police  India Exposure 8600m N.E. Ridge [57][84]
140 Namba, YasukoYasuko Namba May 11, 1996 47 Adventure Consultants  Japan Exposure South Col [57][84]
141 Paljor, TsewangTsewang Paljor May 11, 1996 28 Indo-Tibetan Border Police  India Exposure 8600m N.E. Ridge [57][84]
142 Samanla, TsewangTsewang Samanla May 11, 1996 38 Indo-Tibetan Border Police  India Exposure 8600m N.E. Ridge [57][84]
143 Wlasich, ReinhardReinhard Wlasich May 19, 1996 Austrian  Austria Altitude sickness 8300m North Face, Great Couloir [85]
144 Herrod, BruceBruce Herrod May 25, 1996 37 South African/British  United Kingdom Rope accident S.E. Ridge, Hillary Step [86]
145 Topche, NgawangNgawang Topche June 6, 1996 American    Nepal Lapsed into Coma on 23 Apr 1996; later died in hospital Camp II [87]
146 Bouchon, YvesYves Bouchon September 25, 1996 French/Belgian/Swiss  France Avalanche 7400m Lhotse Face [57][88]
147 Jangbu, LopsangLopsang Jangbu September 25, 1996 23–25 Japanese    Nepal Avalanche 7400m Lhotse Face [57][88]
148 , DawaDawa September 25, 1996 South Korea    Nepal Avalanche 7400m Lhotse Face [57][88]
149 Duff, MalcolmMalcolm Duff April 23, 1997 British  United Kingdom Heart attack (at Base camp) Base Camp [30]
150 Rinzi, NimaNima Rinzi May 6, 1997 Malaysian  United Kingdom Fall Lhotse Face [30]
151 Torochin, AleksandrAleksandr Torochin May 7, 1997 Russian  Russia Fall 8400m N.E. Ridge [30][89][90][91][92]
152 Plotnikov, IvanIvan Plotnikov May 7, 1997 Russian  Russia Exhaustion and/or exposure 8700m N.E. Ridge [30][89][90][91][92]
153 Shevtchenko, NikolaiNikolai Shevtchenko May 7, 1997 Russian  Russia Exhaustion and/or exposure 8700m N.E. Ridge [30][89][90][91][92]
154 , MingmaMingma May 7, 1997 Russian    Nepal Fall N.E. Ridge [89]
155 Kowalzik, PeterPeter Kowalzik May 8, 1997 Polish  Germany Disappearance (likely accidental death during climb) N.E. Ridge [93]
156 Nuru, TenzingTenzing Nuru September 8, 1997 American    Nepal Disappearance (likely accidental death during climb) S.E. Ridge [94]
157 Byong-soo, ChoiChoi Byong-soo September 8, 1997 South Korean  South Korea Avalanche North Col Flank [30]
158 Arsentiev, SergeiSergei Arsentiev May 24, 1998 Russian/French  United States 100m Fall. N.E. Ridge [10][90]
159 Arsentiev, FrancysFrancys Arsentiev May 24, 1998 40 Russian/French  United States Exposure and/or cerebral oedema N.E. Ridge [10][11][90]
160 Jennings, MarkMark Jennings May 25, 1998 British  United Kingdom Exhaustion N.E. Ridge [30]
161 Buick, RogerRoger Buick May 26, 1998 New Zealand  New Zealand Exhaustion N.E. Ridge [30]
162 Kopytko, VasylVasyl Kopytko May 8, 1999 Ukrainian  Ukraine Unknown cause N.E. Ridge [30][95]
163 Matthews, MichaelMichael Matthews May 13, 1999 23 International  United Kingdom S.E. Ridge [96]
164 Kudelski, TadeuszTadeusz Kudelski May 18, 1999 44 Polish International  Poland Fall N.E. Ridge [97]
165 Debrouwer, PascalPascal Debrouwer May 18, 1999 29 Belgian International  Belgium Fall N.E. Ridge [98][99]
166 Stoltz, JeppeJeppe Stoltz May 20, 2000 27  Denmark Fall N.E. Ridge [30]
167 Gen-hua, YanYan Gen-hua May 21, 2000 Chinese  China Fall N.E. Ridge [30]
168 Chiri Sherpa, BabuBabu Chiri Sherpa April 29, 2001 35 Nepalese    Nepal Fall N.E. Ridge [8]
169 Ganner, PeterPeter Ganner May 23, 2001 Austrian  Austria Fall 8500m S.E. Ridge [100]
170 Auricht, MarkMark Auricht May 24, 2001 Australian  Australia Cerebral Oedema N.E. Ridge [101]
171 Nikiforov, AlekseiAleksei Nikiforov May 24, 2001 Russian  Russia Pre-existing illness exacerbated by freezing conditions, altitude 8500m N.E. Ridge [92][102]
172 Gárdos, SándorSándor Gárdos October 17, 2001 Hungarian  Hungary Fall 7800m N.E. Ridge [101]
173 Legate, PeterPeter Legate April 30, 2002 38 British International  United Kingdom Fall into a crevasse Below Camp III [103]
174 Miletic, ZoranZoran Miletic May 19, 2002 Russian International  Yugoslavia Exact cause and date of death unknown 7800m N.E. Ridge [30]
175 Siffredi, MarcoMarco Siffredi September 8, 2002 23 International  France Snowboarding accident Hornbein Couloir [104]
176 Bahadur Gurung, BhimBhim Bahadur Gurung May 27, 2003 Indo-Nepal    Nepal Fall into a crevasse 5900m Icefall [30]
177 Liszewski, Jan KrzysztofJan Krzysztof Liszewski May 25, 2003 55 Independent  Poland Fall 7900m N.E. Ridge [30]
178 Saulnier, ArnaudArnaud Saulnier May 8, 2003 French  France Sickness in tent 5500m S.E. Ridge [30]
179 Gyalzen Sherpa, KarmaKarma Gyalzen Sherpa May 24, 2003 International    Nepal Altitude Sickness 6000m S.E. Ridge [30]
180 Baek, Joon-hoJoon-ho Baek May 18, 2004 38 South Korean  South Korea Exposure 8500m N.E. Ridge [30][105][106]
181 Jang, MinMin Jang May 18, 2004 28 South Korean  South Korea Exposure 8500m N.E. Ridge [30][105][106]
182 Park, Mu-taekMu-taek Park May 18, 2004 36 South Korean  South Korea Exposure 8500m N.E. Ridge [30][105][106]
183 Antezana, NilsNils Antezana May 18, 2004 69 International  United States Exposure 8600m S.E. Ridge [107]
184 Hristov, Hristo GanchevHristo Ganchev Hristov May 20, 2004 27 Bulgarian  Bulgaria Exposure 8600m N.E. Ridge [30]
185 Ota, ShokoShoko Ota May 20, 2004 63 Japanese  Japan Exposure 8600m N.E. Ridge [108]
186 Maslarova, Mariana ProdanovaMariana Prodanova Maslarova May 23, 2004 43 Bulgarian  Bulgaria Exposure 8700m N.E. Ridge [30]
187 Egan, SeanSean Egan April 28, 2005 63 Tim Redpath Expedition  Canada Heart attack 4600m S.E. Ridge [109]
188 O'Brien, Michael CoreyMichael Corey O'Brien May 2, 2005 39 Charity run with brother  United States Fall into a crevasse 5800m Icefall South [110]
189 Lihteneker, MarkoMarko Lihteneker May 21, 2005 45  Slovenia Oxygen problems 8600m N.E. Ridge [30]
190 Shankarappa Chaitanya, SirigereshivaSirigereshiva Shankarappa Chaitanya May 30, 2005 India  India Exposure 8700m N.E. Ridge [30]
191 Kramer, DieterDieter Kramer June 4, 2005 German  Germany Exposure 8000m N.E. [30]
192 Milne, Robert WilliamRobert William Milne June 5, 2005 49  United Kingdom Organ failure due to freezing conditions 8200m S.E. Ridge [111]
193 Sherpa, Tuk Bahadur Thapa MagarTuk Bahadur Thapa Magar Sherpa April 7, 2006 American    Nepal Altitude 5500m N.E. Ridge [30]
194 Sherpa, Ang PhinjoAng Phinjo Sherpa April 21, 2006 50 American    Nepal Avalanche 5900m Icefall [112]
195 Tseri, LhakpaLhakpa Tseri April 21, 2006 American    Nepal Avalanche 5900m Icefall [112]
196 Temba, DawaDawa Temba April 21, 2006 American    Nepal Avalanche 5900m Icefall [112]
197 Letrange, Jacques-HuguesJacques-Hugues Letrange May 6, 2006 American  France Exhaustion N.E. Ridge [30]
198 Srikrishna, Srikrishna May 14, 2006 Indian  India Fall 8600m N.E. Ridge [30]
199 Sharp, DavidDavid Sharp May 15, 2006 34 Asian Trekking  United Kingdom Exposure and/or exhaustion 8600m N.E. Ridge [113]
200 Olsson, TomasTomas Olsson May 16, 2006 30 International  Sweden Fall 8700m Norton Couloir [30]
201 Negrete, VitorVitor Negrete May 19, 2006 38 International  Brazil Exposure and/or exhaustion Camp III, 8200m N.E. Ridge [114]
202 Plyushkin, IgorIgor Plyushkin May 22, 2006 International  Russia Altitude sickness 7800m N.E. Ridge [30]
203 Weber, ThomasThomas Weber May 25, 2006 International  Germany Altitude sickness 8700m N.E. Ridge [115]
204 Dawa Sherpa April 26, 2007    Nepal 7200m South Col [116]
205 Shinichi Ishii May 17, 2007  Japan 8650m [116]
206 Libor Kozak May 17, 2007  Czech Republic 8300m [116]
207 Okura, YoshitomiYoshitomi Okura May 16, 2007 62 Japanese  Japan N.E. Ridge [30]
208 Pierangelo, MaurizioMaurizio Pierangelo May 17, 2007 46 Italian  Italy N.E. Ridge [30]
209 Hee-joon, OhOh Hee-joon May 17, 2007 37 South Korean  South Korea S.W. Face [117]
210 Hyun-jo, LeeLee Hyun-jo May 17, 2007 34 South Korean  South Korea S.W. Face [117]
211 Goltz, Uwe GianniUwe Gianni Goltz May 21, 2008 44 Sherpas documentary team   Switzerland Exhaustion 8000m South Col [118]
212 Nuru, LhakpaLhakpa Nuru May 7, 2009 Eco Everest Expedition    Nepal Avalanche Icefall [119]
213 Chrzaszcz, VeslavVeslav Chrzaszcz May 18, 2009 47 Eco Everest Expedition  Czech Republic Heart attack [30]
214 Wu, WenhongWenhong Wu May 19, 2009 41  China Altitude sickness 8750m [30]
215 Ziebarth, FrankFrank Ziebarth May 21, 2009 29  Canada 8700m North Summit [30]
216 Várkonyi, LászlóLászló Várkonyi April 26, 2010 54  Hungary Avalanche crevasse fall North Col [120]
217 Jørgensen, TomTom Jørgensen May 19, 2010 56  Denmark HACE [30]
218 Kinloch, PeterPeter Kinloch May 26, 2010 28 International  United Kingdom Exhaustion 8600m [121]
219 Hitch, RickRick Hitch May 1, 2011 55 International  United States Heart attack 7010m [122]
220 Upadhyaya, Shailendra KumarShailendra Kumar Upadhyaya May 9, 2011 82 Nepal    Nepal Altitude sickness Base Camp [123]
221 Ozaki, TakashiTakashi Ozaki May 12, 2011 58 International  Japan Altitude sickness 8400m The Balcony [124]
222 Delaney, JohnJohn Delaney May 21, 2011 42 International  Ireland Altitude sickness 8400m The Balcony [125]
223 Kino, HiroakiHiroaki Kino September 15, 2011 48  Japan Cerebral apoplexy Lower Icefall [126][127]
224 Tenzing, DawaDawa Tenzing April 5, 2012 Himex    Nepal Stroke (CVA) Icefall [128][129]
225 Namgyal Sherpa, KarsangKarsang Namgyal Sherpa April 19, 2012 Prestige Adventures    Nepal Altitude sickness Base Camp [129][130]
226 Gulve, RameshRamesh Gulve April 20, 2012 33 Pune team  India Stroke Base Camp [129][131]
227 Tshering Sherpa, NamgyalNamgyal Tshering Sherpa April 21, 2012 28    Nepal Fall into a crevasse Camp 1 [129][132]
228 Shah-Klorfine, ShriyaShriya Shah-Klorfine May 19, 2012 33 Utmost Adventures  Canada Exhaustion Below Balcony 8300m [129][133]
229 Schaaf, EberhardEberhard Schaaf May 19, 2012 61 Asian Trekking  Germany Cerebral Oedema Hillary Step [129][133]
230 Won-bin, SongSong Won-bin May 19, 2012 44 Korean Everest & Lhotse Expedition  South Korea Fall Balcony [129][133]
231 Wenyi, HaHa Wenyi May 20, 2012 55 Mountain Experience  China Suspected altitude sickness Balcony [129][134]
232 José Polo Carbayo, JuanJuan José Polo Carbayo May 20, 2012 43 Himalayan Guides  Spain Exhaustion 8300m N.E. Ridge [129][135]
233 Arnold, Ralf D.Ralf D. Arnold May 20, 2012 43 Monterosa  Germany Exhaustion and related complications after breaking leg at Second Step 8300m N.E. Ridge [129][135]
234 Lim, PisethPiseth Lim October 19, 2012 27 International  Cambodia Encountered inclement weather Around 4,000 meter high point [136]
235 Sherpa, MingmaMingma Sherpa April 7, 2013 45 Destination Himalaya    Nepal Falling into a crevasse Between Camps 1 and 2 in the Western Cwm [137]
236 Sherpa, DaRitaDaRita Sherpa May 5, 2013 37 International Mountain Guides    Nepal Suspected cardiac arrest Camp 3 on south side [138]
237 Ponomarev, SergeySergey Ponomarev May 5, 2013 7 Summits Club Everest expedition  Russia Suspected cardiac arrest At 100m above ABC on north side (at about 6500m) [139]
238 Sherpa, LobsangLobsang Sherpa May 7, 2013 22 Chinese expedition team    Nepal Fall Between Camp 2 and Camp 3 on descent from Camp 4 (on south side) [140]
239 Bolotov, AlexeyAlexey Bolotov May 15, 2013 50 Russian South-West Face expedition  Russia Fall 5600m Icefall [141][142]
240 Sherpa, NamgyalNamgyal Sherpa May 17, 2013 35    Nepal 8300m N.E. Ridge [143]
241 Sung-ho, SeoSeo Sung-ho May 21, 2013 33 Zero to 8848 expedition  South Korea Suspected Altitude Sickness On descent (south side) [144]
242 Khaled (Mohammed Khaled Hossain), SajalSajal Khaled (Mohammed Khaled Hossain) May 21, 2013 35  Bangladesh Suspected Altitude Sickness South Col Camp [144]
243 climber, UnknownUnknown climber May 22, 2013    Nepal Suspected Altitude Sickness Camp 4 (south side) in tent [145]
244 Sherpa, Mingma TenzingMingma Tenzing Sherpa April 2, 2014 Peak Freaks Expedition    Nepal HAPE Everest Base Camp [146]
245 Sherpa, Mingma NuruMingma Nuru Sherpa April 18, 2014 46 NBC Everest Expedition    Nepal Avalanche Icefall [147][148]
246 Sherpa, DorjiDorji Sherpa April 18, 2014 NBC Everest Expedition 2014    Nepal Avalanche Icefall [147][148]
247 Sherpa, Ang TshiriAng Tshiri Sherpa April 18, 2014 AAI Everest Expedition 2014    Nepal Avalanche Icefall [147][148]
248 Sherpa, NimaNima Sherpa April 18, 2014 AAI Everest Expedition 2014    Nepal Avalanche Icefall [147][148]
249 Sherpa, Phurba OngyalPhurba Ongyal Sherpa April 18, 2014 Adventure Consultants    Nepal Avalanche Icefall [147][148]
250 Sherpa, Lapka TenjingLapka Tenjing Sherpa April 18, 2014 Adventure Consultants    Nepal Avalanche Icefall [147][148]
251 Sherpa, Chhiring OngchuChhiring Ongchu Sherpa April 18, 2014 Adventure Consultants    Nepal Avalanche Icefall [147][148]
252 Khatri, DorjeeDorjee Khatri April 18, 2014 Adventurist Everest Expedition 2014    Nepal Avalanche Icefall [147][148]
253 Sherpa, Then DorjeeThen Dorjee Sherpa April 18, 2014 Adventurist Everest Expedition 2014    Nepal Avalanche Icefall [147][148]
254 Sherpa, Phur TembaPhur Temba Sherpa April 18, 2014 Adventurist Everest Expedition 2014    Nepal Avalanche Icefall [147][148]
255 Sherpa, Pasang KarmaPasang Karma Sherpa April 18, 2014 Jagged Globe Everest Expedition 2014    Nepal Avalanche Icefall [147][148]
256 Tamang, AsmanAsman Tamang April 18, 2014 Himalayan Ecstasy Khotse Expedition 2014    Nepal Avalanche Icefall [147][148]
257 Sherpa, Tenzing ChottarTenzing Chottar Sherpa April 18, 2014 AAI Everest Expedition 2014    Nepal Avalanche (missing) Icefall [147][148]
258 Sherpa, AnkajiAnkaji Sherpa April 18, 2014 Everest Chinese Dream Expedition 2014    Nepal Avalanche Icefall [147][148]
259 Sherpa, PemTenjiPemTenji Sherpa April 18, 2014 Everest Chinese Dream Expedition 2014    Nepal Avalanche (missing) Icefall [147][148]
260 Gurung, Aash BahadurAash Bahadur Gurung April 18, 2014 Everest Chinese Dream Expedition 2014    Nepal Avalanche (missing) Icefall [147][148]
261 Fredinburg, Daniel PaulDaniel Paul Fredinburg April 25, 2015 33 2015 Jagged Globe Everest Expedition  United States Base Camp avalanche following the April 2015 Nepal earthquake Base Camp [15][16][17][149][150][151][152][153]
262 Girawong, Marisa EveMarisa Eve Girawong April 25, 2015 28 H.G. Nuptse Expedition 2015  United States Base Camp [150][151][152][153]
263 Taplin, Thomas ElyThomas Ely Taplin April 25, 2015 61 TET Films & Photography  United States Base Camp [151][154]
264 Sherpa, PembaPemba Sherpa April 25, 2015 19 Adventure Consultants    Nepal Base Camp [152][155][156]
265 Sherpa, Dawa TseringDawa Tsering Sherpa April 25, 2015 33 Adventure Consultants    Nepal Base Camp [152][156]
266 Rai, MilaMaila (Milan) Rai April 25, 2015 41 Adventure Consultants    Nepal Base Camp [152][153][155]
267 Sherpa, Chhimi DawaChhimi Dawa Sherpa April 25, 2015 27 Adventure Consultants    Nepal Base Camp [152][153][156]
268 Sherpa, Pema HissiPema Yishi (Hissi) Sherpa April 25, 2015 Adventure Consultants    Nepal Base Camp [152][153][155][156]
269 Sherpa, Pasang TembaPasang Temba Sherpa April 25, 2015 Tim Mosedale Everest Expedition (or H.G. Everest Expedition 2015)    Nepal Base Camp [152][153][157]
270 Rai, Krishna KumarKrishna Kumar Rai April 25, 2015 Tim Mosedale Everest Expedition (or H.G. Everest Expedition 2015)    Nepal Base Camp [152][153][157]
271 Ge, ZhenfangZhenfang Ge April 25, 2015 43 Dreamers Destination Track Lhotse Expedition 2015  China Base Camp [152][153][157]
272 Fotedar, RenuRenu Fotedar April 25, 2015 49 First Chinese Women Everest Expedition  Australia
 India
Base Camp [152][153][157]
273 Bhote, TenTenzing (Tengien) Bhote April 25, 2015 Tim Mosedale Everest Expedition (or H.G. Everest Expedition 2015)    Nepal Base Camp [152][153][158]
274 Truong, Vinh BVinh B Truong April 25, 2015 48 Trekker  United States
 Vietnam
Base Camp [151][152]
275 Sherpa, Lhakpa ChhiringLhakpa Chhiring Sherpa April 25, 2015 33 First Chinese Women Everest Expedition    Nepal Base Camp [152][153]
276 Shrestha, Shiva KumarShiva Kumar Shrestha April 25, 2015 25 Step Up Campaign Everest    Nepal Base Camp [152][153]
277 climber, UnknownUnknown climber April 25, 2015  ?  ?  ? Base Camp [158][152]
278 Horoshi, YomagatoYomagato Horoshi April 27, 2015 56 Dreamers Destination Lhotse Expedition  Japan Died in Kathmandu due to injuries sustained in the Base Camp avalanche following the April 2015 Nepal earthquake Base Camp [152][153]
279 Sherpa, JangbuJangbu Sherpa May 1, 2015 Adventure Consultants    Nepal Base Camp [152][155][156]
280 Charles MacAdams May 11, 2016 62  Canada Cardiac event Base Camp North Side [159][160][161]
281 Phurba Sherpa May 19, 2016 25    Nepal Fall Near Lhotse summit [162]
282 Arnold, EricEric Arnold May 21, 2016 35 Arnold Coster Expeditions  Netherlands Altitude sickness South Col / Camp 4 [162][163][164][165]
283 Maria Elizabeth Strydom May 22, 2016 34 Arnold Coster Expeditions  Australia Snow blindness, stroke Near Camp IV [162][165][166]
284 Subhash Pal May 22, 2016 44 Trekking Camp Nepal  India Altitude sickness Around Camp 3 [167][168]
285 Paresh Chandra Nath May 22, 2016 58 Trekking Camp Nepal  India Exposure The Balcony [169]
286 Goutam Ghosh May 22, 2016 50 Trekking Camp Nepal  India Exposure The Balcony [169]
287 Matthew Jones March 3, 2017 49 Himalayan Scenery Treks and Expedition  Australia Exposure Base Camp [170]

See also[edit]

Annotations[edit]

  1. ^ Date of death not known exactly; this date was his last diary entry.
  2. ^ Also known as Zhao Ziqing
  3. ^ Also known as Wu Tsung-yue
  4. ^ Also known as Luo San
  5. ^ Also known as Nima Tashi

Notes and references[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Summits by Year". everesthistory.com. Retrieved 2015-07-10. 
  2. ^ PBS 1998
  3. ^ Darack 2002, p. 153
  4. ^ Huey 2001, pp. 3115–9
  5. ^ Grocott 2009, pp. 140–9
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Ortner 2001, p. 49
  7. ^ Ortner 2001, p. 31
  8. ^ a b c Handwerk 2002
  9. ^ Krakauer 1997, p. 274
  10. ^ a b c d Tweedie 2007
  11. ^ a b Wostear 2007
  12. ^ "Everest avalanche kills at least 12 Sherpa guides". BBC News. April 18, 2014. Retrieved April 18, 2014. 
  13. ^ Ellen Barry; Graham Bowlet (April 18, 2014). "Deadliest Day: Sherpas Bear Everest's Risks". The New York Times. Retrieved April 18, 2014. 
  14. ^ "Everest avalanche: Search mission called off citing 'too much risk'". Kantipur Publications. April 20, 2014. Retrieved April 20, 2014. 
  15. ^ a b "Quake triggers Everest avalanche, reports say 18 killed". Reuters. Retrieved May 6, 2015. 
  16. ^ a b "Mount Everest casualties reach 17 with unknown number still missing after devastating Nepal earthquake". The Independent. Retrieved May 6, 2015. 
  17. ^ a b Binaj Gurubacharya (April 26, 2015). "Avalanche Survivors Recount Terror On Mount Everest After Earthquake Struck". Retrieved April 26, 2015. 
  18. ^ a b c Associated Press 1984
  19. ^ Anker & Roberts 2000, pp. 32–38
  20. ^ Unconfirmed Russian deaths on the north side of Everest resulted from an alleged 1952 expedition. The Chinese, upon taking control of the region, enacted strict travel restrictions. Supposedly, the Chinese government did allow some Soviet climbers near the mountain, and reports leaked out of a Soviet expedition in 1952. The expedition, apparently led by Pavel Datschnolian, was said to have been a disaster, resulting in the deaths of Datschnolian and five other men. However, Russian and Chinese authorities have consistently denied that such an attempt took place, no physical evidence has ever been found to confirm its existence, nor is there any record of a person named Pavel Datschnolian. See Unsworth pp. 345–347
  21. ^ a b Unsworth 2000, p. 586
  22. ^ Unsworth 2000, p. 244
  23. ^ Unsworth 2000, p. 293
  24. ^ a b Clyde 2008
  25. ^ a b c everestnews2004 2004
  26. ^ Kohli 2000, p. xvi
  27. ^ Hornbein 1998, p. 12
  28. ^ Fisher 1990, p. 26
  29. ^ Potterfield & Hornbein 2003, p. 149
  30. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be adventurestats.com 2011
  31. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p Unsworth 2000, p. 701
  32. ^ a b c d e Unsworth 2000, p. 398
  33. ^ Himalayan Club 1970, p. 104
  34. ^ Chopra 1988, p. 124
  35. ^ Yang 2009
  36. ^ McDonald 2005, p. 118
  37. ^ Summit 1973
  38. ^ a b c d e f everesthistory.com 2011
  39. ^ a b c d e f Unsworth 1989, pp. 614–615
  40. ^ New York Times 1975, p. 26
  41. ^ "Mountain Heritage Trust". Retrieved May 6, 2015. 
  42. ^ a b Wilson 1979, p. 1
  43. ^ a b c Unsworth 1991, p. Snippet
  44. ^ Associated Press 1980, p. 21
  45. ^ Unsworth 2000, p. 607
  46. ^ Reuter 1980, p. 3
  47. ^ Wire Service Reports 1981, p. 2
  48. ^ TIME 1982
  49. ^ a b Associated Press 1982 June, p. 2
  50. ^ a b c Associated Press 1982, p. 5
  51. ^ a b c Reuter 1982, p. 3
  52. ^ Patterson 2006, p. 94
  53. ^ Youth Hostels Association 1983, p. ii
  54. ^ Associated Press 1984, p. 42
  55. ^ a b Sydney Morning Herald 1984, p. 1
  56. ^ a b Hillary, Peter; Elder, John (2003). In the Ghost Country: A Lifetime Spent on the Edge. Simon and Schuster. pp. 37–39. ISBN 9780743243698. Retrieved May 1, 2015 – via Google Books. 
  57. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Unsworth 2000, p. 699
  58. ^ a b Thomson Living Media 1985, p. 74
  59. ^ a b c d Unsworth 2000, p. 622
  60. ^ Bell 1986
  61. ^ a b The Spokesman-Review 1986, p. 37
  62. ^ Unsworth 2000, p. 627
  63. ^ Davies 1996, p. 264
  64. ^ Gillman 2000, p. 232
  65. ^ Unsworth 2000, p. 596
  66. ^ Evening Times 1987, p. 13
  67. ^ Associated Press 1988, p. 3
  68. ^ Reuters 1988
  69. ^ a b c Child 2000, p. 176
  70. ^ a b c d e Times Wire Services 1989
  71. ^ a b c American Alpine Club 1991, p. 287
  72. ^ American Alpine Club 1991, p. 228
  73. ^ American Alpine Club 1991, p. 263
  74. ^ American Alpine Club 1997, p. 215
  75. ^ American Alpine Club 1997, pp. 17–18
  76. ^ a b Adams 1996, pp. 3–4
  77. ^ Higbee 1993
  78. ^ a b American Alpine Club 1994, p. 208
  79. ^ NASA 2007
  80. ^ Unsworth 2000, p. 652
  81. ^ Bromet 2011
  82. ^ "The Dark Side of Everest - Full Documentary". YouTube. Retrieved February 29, 2016. 
  83. ^ "A halottakat a hóba temetik". Heti Válasz. Retrieved September 1, 2016. 
  84. ^ a b c d e f g h PBS 2012
  85. ^ Krakauer 1997, p. 276
  86. ^ Krakauer 1997, p. 278
  87. ^ Krakauer 1997, pp. 108–114
  88. ^ a b c Mountainzone 1996
  89. ^ a b c d Clark 1997
  90. ^ a b c d e "Fatalities – Everest". Retrieved March 26, 2013. 
  91. ^ a b c Risk Online: Results of the season 1997. Himalayan expeditions. Plans for 1998 season
  92. ^ a b c d "Climbers from Russia and SIC did not return from the Hymalayas". Risk online. Retrieved September 27, 2015. 
  93. ^ Unsworth 2000, p. 668
  94. ^ Unsworth 2000, p. 667
  95. ^ Unsworth 2000, p. 696
  96. ^ Douglas 2001
  97. ^ Associated Press 1999
  98. ^ Sabbe, Hilde (May 22, 1999). "Everest-beklimmer Pascal Debrouwer stort naar beneden" [Everest climber Pascal Debrouwer plunges down] (in Dutch). De Morgen. Pascal Debrouwer, een 29-jarige beroepsmilitair uit het Waalse Hognes 
  99. ^ Borloo, Jean-Pierre (July 7, 1999). "Alain Hubert raconte la mort de l'alpiniste Pascal Debrouwer sur les pentes du toit du monde" [Alain Hubert recounts the death of climber Pascal Debrouwer on the slopes of the roof of the world]. Le Soir (in French). 
  100. ^ Alexander 2010, p. 169
  101. ^ a b Steffen 2010, p. 523
  102. ^ Warner & Schmincke 2008
  103. ^ Starmer-Smith & Payne 2002
  104. ^ Smith 2002
  105. ^ a b c India Blitz 2005
  106. ^ a b c "Mountaineers’ Friendship Lasts Beyond Death : The DONG-A ILBO". donga.com. Retrieved March 2, 2017.  C1 control character in |title= at position 13 (help)
  107. ^ Leahy 2004
  108. ^ Associated Press 2004
  109. ^ CBC News 2005
  110. ^ Olsen 2005
  111. ^ Sky News 2005
  112. ^ a b c Hahn 2006
  113. ^ Breed, Gurubacharya & Associated Press 2006
  114. ^ Staeudtner 2010
  115. ^ Lauer 2008
  116. ^ a b c "Himalayan Database - Deaths Spring 2007". 
  117. ^ a b Philippine Daily Inquirer 2007, p. 15
  118. ^ SRG SSR 2010
  119. ^ Prettyman 2009
  120. ^ Klein 2010
  121. ^ Davies 2010
  122. ^ Associated Press 2011
  123. ^ Koirala 2011
  124. ^ Richards 2011
  125. ^ Creswell 2011
  126. ^ "登山家・栗城史多氏が活動再開 同行カメラマン死因は「くも膜下出血」". ORICON STYLE. Retrieved December 20, 2014. 
  127. ^ "カメラマン、エベレストで死亡 登山家・栗城史多さんに同行". MSN産経ニュース. Retrieved December 20, 2014. 
  128. ^ Bierling 2012
  129. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Arnette 2012
  130. ^ Schaffer 2012
  131. ^ Express news service 2012
  132. ^ Nepal News 2012
  133. ^ a b c Sky News 2012
  134. ^ Gurubacharya 2012
  135. ^ a b EFE 2012
  136. ^ "Khmer Man Dies Trying to Conquer Mount Everest". Retrieved May 6, 2015. 
  137. ^ THT ONLINE 2013
  138. ^ Hansman 2013
  139. ^ "Sergey Ponomarev, member of the expedition of 7 Summits Club, died near the camp ABC". Retrieved December 20, 2014. 
  140. ^ Young Sherpa plunges to his death on Everest
  141. ^ "Russian climber Alex Bolotov dies on Mount Everest". Retrieved December 20, 2014. 
  142. ^ "Alexey Bolotov died in Khumbu Icefall". Retrieved May 15, 2013. 
  143. ^ "4th Sherpa Death on Everest in 2013". Retrieved May 17, 2013. 
  144. ^ a b "Situation Critical on Kangchenjunga, Bad News from Everest". Retrieved May 21, 2013. 
  145. ^ "Risiko Mount Everest". ZDF Mediathek. ZDF. Retrieved February 29, 2016. 
  146. ^ "Everest 2014 Coverage Archives -". The Blog on alanarnette.com. Retrieved December 20, 2014. 
  147. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p Payne & Shrestha 2014
  148. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p "Mount Everest avalanche death toll rises in mountain's worst-ever tragedy". Daily Mail. Retrieved December 20, 2014. 
  149. ^ "JG News :: Everest". Retrieved May 6, 2015. 
  150. ^ a b Greg Botelho, CNN (April 25, 2015). "Mount Everest avalanches threaten hikers - CNN.com". CNN. Retrieved May 6, 2015. 
  151. ^ a b c d Peter Holley (April 28, 2015). "Before the Everest avalanche, four Americans were exactly where they wanted to be". The Washington Post. Retrieved April 29, 2015. 
  152. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r "Everest K2 News ExplorersWeb - Everest: List of Avalanche Victims". Retrieved May 6, 2015. 
  153. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m "Name List of 15 identified dead body among 19 dead body found at Mt. Everest". Nepal Mountaineering Association. April 28, 2015. Retrieved May 3, 2015. 
  154. ^ "Nepal Earthquake: Three Americans Killed on Mount Everest". NBC News. Retrieved May 6, 2015. 
  155. ^ a b c d "Adventure Consultants Everest 2015 Expedition Dispatches". adventureconsultants.com. Retrieved March 2, 2017. 
  156. ^ a b c d e Human Edge Tech, Explorersweb. "Adventure Consultants Everest 2015 - Dispatches - By CONTACT5.0". Retrieved May 6, 2015. 
  157. ^ a b c d "Mount Everest climbers among dead in Nepal earthquake". ESPN.com. Retrieved May 6, 2015. 
  158. ^ a b "EarthquakeNepal-MoHA on". Twitter. Retrieved May 6, 2015. 
  159. ^ "Calgary doctor dies at Everest base camp". Retrieved 2016-06-04. 
  160. ^ "Charles MacADAMS Obituary". Retrieved 2016-06-04. 
  161. ^ "Abenteuer Outdoor - Blog". Retrieved 2016-06-04. 
  162. ^ a b c Phurba Sherpa and Madison Park. "4 climbers die in 4 days on Mount Everest". CNN. Retrieved 2016-05-23. 
  163. ^ "Foreign climber who perished on Mt Everest is Dutch". The Himalayan Times. 2016-05-21. Retrieved 2016-05-23. 
  164. ^ "Dutch, Australian climbers die after reaching Everest summit". The Big Story. Retrieved 2016-05-23. 
  165. ^ a b "Arnold Coster Expeditions". www.arnoldcosterexpeditions.com. Retrieved 2016-06-02. 
  166. ^ "Another death on Mt Everest, Australian lecturer dies near Camp IV - The Himalayan Times". The Himalayan Times. 2016-05-21. Retrieved 2016-05-23. 
  167. ^ "Indian Mountaineer Subhash Pal Dies, 2 Others Missing On Mount Everest". NDTV.com. Retrieved 2016-05-23. 
  168. ^ CNN, Phurba Sherpa and Madison Park. "4 climbers die in 4 days on Mount Everest". CNN. Retrieved 2016-05-23. 
  169. ^ a b "Mount Everest climbers: Death toll rises to five". telegraph.co.uk. Retrieved 2016-05-25. 
  170. ^ "Mount Everest death: Matthew Jones complained of breathing difficulties". www.smh.com.a. Retrieved 2017-03-07. 

References[edit]