List of people who have held multiple United States Cabinet-level positions

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Numerous people have held multiple United States Cabinet–level positions since 1789, when the first President of the United States, George Washington, appointed a Cabinet of five people to advise him and help him carry out his duties. The president's Cabinet is composed of the most senior appointed officers of the executive branch of the federal government of the United States, who are generally the heads of the federal executive departments.

Unlike in many parliamentary cabinets, it is generally less common in the U.S. for a cabinet secretary to hold multiple cabinet-level positions over the years.

List of multiple cabinet-level officeholders[edit]

Name Offices
Thomas Jefferson Secretary of State (1789–1793)
Vice President (1797–1801)[a]
Edmund Randolph Attorney General (1789–1794)
Secretary of State (1794–1795)
Timothy Pickering Postmaster General (1791–1795)
Secretary of War (1795)
Secretary of State (1795–1800)
Samuel Dexter Secretary of War (1800–1801)
Secretary of the Treasury (1801)
Robert Smith Secretary of the Navy (1801–1809)
Secretary of State (1809–1811)
James Monroe Secretary of State (1811–1817)
Secretary of War (1814–1815)
Richard Rush Attorney General (1814–1817)
Secretary of the Treasury (1825–1829)
William Crawford Secretary of War (1815–1816)
Secretary of the Treasury (1816–1825)
John Calhoun Secretary of War (1817–1825)
Vice President (1825–1832)[a]
Secretary of State (1844–1845)
Martin Van Buren Secretary of State (1829–1831)
Vice President (1833–1837)[a]
Lewis Cass Secretary of War (1831–1836)
Secretary of State (1857–1860)
Louis McLane Secretary of the Treasury (1831–1833)
Secretary of State (1833–1834)
Roger Taney Attorney General (1831–1833)
Secretary of the Treasury (1833–1834)
Levi Woodbury Secretary of the Navy (1831–1834)
Secretary of the Treasury (1834–1841)
John Crittenden Attorney General (1841)
Attorney General (1850–1853)
Thomas Ewing Secretary of the Treasury (1841)
Secretary of the Interior (1849–1850)
John Spencer Secretary of War (1841–1843)
Secretary of the Treasury (1843–1844)
Abel Upshur Secretary of the Navy (1841–1843)
Secretary of State (1843–1844)
Daniel Webster Secretary of State (1841–1843)
Secretary of State (1850–1852)
John Mason Secretary of the Navy (1844–1845)
Attorney General (1845–1846)
Secretary of the Navy (1846–1849)
William Marcy Secretary of War (1845–1849)
Secretary of State (1853–1857)
Isaac Toucey Attorney General (1848–1849)
Secretary of the Navy (1857–1861)
Jeremiah Black Attorney General (1857–1860)
Secretary of State (1860–1861)
Joseph Holt Postmaster General (1859–1860)
Secretary of War (1861)
Edwin Stanton Attorney General (1860–1861)
Secretary of War (1862–1868)
Hugh McCulloch Secretary of the Treasury (1865–1869)
Secretary of the Treasury (1884–1885)
William Evarts Attorney General (1868–1869)
Secretary of State (1877–1881)
Alphonso Taft Secretary of War (1876)
Attorney General (1876–1877)
John Sherman Secretary of the Treasury (1877–1881)
Secretary of State (1897–1898)
James Blaine Secretary of State (1881)
Secretary of State (1889–1892)
William Windom Secretary of the Treasury (1881)
Secretary of the Treasury (1889–1891)
Walter Gresham Postmaster General (1883–1884)
Secretary of the Treasury (1884)
Secretary of State (1893–1895)
William Vilas Postmaster General (1885–1888)
Secretary of the Interior (1888–1889)
Richard Olney Attorney General (1893–1895)
Secretary of State (1895–1897)
Elihu Root Secretary of War (1899–1904)
Secretary of State (1905–1909)
Philander Knox Attorney General (1901–1904)
Secretary of State (1909–1913)
William Moody Secretary of the Navy (1902–1904)
Attorney General (1904–1906)
George Cortelyou Secretary of Commerce and Labor (1903–1904)
Postmaster General (1905–1907)
Secretary of the Treasury (1907–1909)
Victor Metcalf Secretary of Commerce and Labor (1904–1906)
Secretary of the Navy (1906–1908)
Charles Bonaparte Secretary of the Navy (1905–1906)
Attorney General (1906–1909)
George von Lengerke Meyer Postmaster General (1907–1909)
Secretary of the Navy (1909–1913)
Henry Stimson Secretary of War (1911–1913)
Secretary of State (1929–1933)
Secretary of War (1940–1945)
David Houston Secretary of Agriculture (1913–1920)
Secretary of the Treasury (1920–1921)
Charles G. Dawes Director of the Office of Management and Budget (1921–1922)
Vice President (1925–1929)[a]
Hubert Work Postmaster General (1922–1923)
Secretary of the Interior (1923–1928)
Henry Wallace Secretary of Agriculture (1933–1940)
Vice President (1941–1945)
Secretary of Commerce (1945–1946)
James Forrestal Secretary of the Navy (1944–1947)
Secretary of Defense (1947–1949)
George Marshall Secretary of State (1947–1949)
Secretary of Defense (1950–1951)
William Rogers Attorney General (1957–1961)
Secretary of State (1969–1973)
Maurice Stans Director of the Office of Management and Budget (1958–1961)
Secretary of Commerce (1969–1972)
Christian Herter Secretary of State (1959–1961)
Trade Representative (1962–1966)
Marvin Watson White House Chief of Staff (1963–1968)
Postmaster General (1968–1969)
George Shultz Secretary of Labor (1969–1970)
Director of the Office of Management and Budget (1970–1972)
Secretary of the Treasury (1972–1974)
Secretary of State (1982–1989)
Elliot Richardson Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare (1970–1973)
Secretary of Defense (1973)
Attorney General (1973)
Secretary of Commerce (1976–1977)
William Ruckelshaus Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency (1970–1973)
Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency (1983–1985)
Rogers Morton Secretary of the Interior (1971–1975)
Secretary of Commerce (1975–1976)
George H. W. Bush Ambassador to the United Nations (1971–1973)
Vice President (1981–1989)
Caspar Weinberger Director of the Office of Management and Budget (1972–1973)
Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare (1973–1975)
Secretary of Defense (1981–1987)
Frederick Dent Secretary of Commerce (1973–1975)
Trade Representative (1975–1977)
Alexander Haig White House Chief of Staff (1973–1974)
Secretary of State (1981–1982)
James Lynn Secretary of Housing and Urban Development (1973–1975)
Director of the Office of Management and Budget (1975–1976)
James Schlesinger Secretary of Defense (1973–1974)
Secretary of Energy (1977–1979)
Donald Rumsfeld White House Chief of Staff (1974–1975)
Secretary of Defense (1975–1977)
Secretary of Defense (2001–2006)
Dick Cheney White House Chief of Staff (1975–1977)
Secretary of Defense (1989–1993)
Vice President (2001–2009)
Carla Hills Secretary of Housing and Urban Development (1975–1977)
Trade Representative (1989–1993)
Patricia Harris Secretary of Housing and Urban Development (1977–1979)
Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare (1979)
Secretary of Health and Human Services (1979–1981)
James Baker White House Chief of Staff (1981–1985)
Secretary of the Treasury (1985–1988)
Secretary of State (1989–1992)
White House Chief of Staff (1992–1993)
Bill Brock Trade Representative (1981–1985)
Secretary of Labor (1985–1987)
Donald Regan Secretary of the Treasury (1981–1985)
White House Chief of Staff (1985–1987)
Donald Hodel Secretary of Energy (1982–1985)
Secretary of the Interior (1985–1989)
Elizabeth Dole Secretary of Transportation (1983–1987)
Secretary of Labor (1989–1990)
Clay Yeutter Trade Representative (1985–1989)
Secretary of Agriculture (1989–1991)
Samuel Skinner Secretary of Transportation (1989–1991)
White House Chief of Staff (1991–1992)
Andrew Card Secretary of Transportation (1992–1993)
White House Chief of Staff (2001–2006)
Madeleine Albright Ambassador to the United Nations (1993–1997)
Secretary of State (1997–2001)
Mickey Kantor Trade Representative (1993–1996)
Secretary of Commerce (1996–1997)
Leon Panetta Director of the Office of Management and Budget (1993–1994)
White House Chief of Staff (1994–1997)
Secretary of Defense (2011–2013)
Federico Peña Secretary of Transportation (1993–1997)
Secretary of Energy (1997–1998)
Robert Rubin Director of the National Economic Council (1993–1995)
Secretary of the Treasury (1995–1999)
Laura Tyson Chair of the Council of Economic Advisers (1993–1995)
Director of the National Economic Council (1995–1996)
Bill Daley Secretary of Commerce (1997–2000)
White House Chief of Staff (2011–2012)
Bill Richardson Ambassador to the United Nations (1997–1998)
Secretary of Energy (1998–2001)
Jack Lew Director of the Office of Management and Budget (1998–2001)
Director of the Office of Management and Budget (2010–2012)
White House Chief of Staff (2012–2013)
Secretary of the Treasury (2013–2017)
Norman Mineta Secretary of Commerce (2000–2001)
Secretary of Transportation (2001–2006)
Elaine Chao Secretary of Labor (2001–2009)
Secretary of Transportation (2017–present)
Joshua Bolten Director of the Office of Management and Budget (2003–2006)
White House Chief of Staff (2006–2009)
Mike Leavitt Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency (2003–2005)
Secretary of Health and Human Services (2005–2009)
Rob Portman Trade Representative (2005–2006)
Director of the Office of Management and Budget (2006–2007)
Sylvia Mathews Burwell Director of the Office of Management and Budget (2013–2014)
Secretary of Health and Human Services (2014–2017)
Shaun Donovan Secretary of Housing and Urban Development (2009–2014)
Director of the Office of Management and Budget (2014–2017)
John F. Kelly Secretary of Homeland Security (2017)
White House Chief of Staff (2017–present)

Later served as President of the United States[edit]

The following served in cabinet positions and subsequently served as President of the United States; who appoints the cabinet:

Name Offices
John Adams Vice President (1789–1797)[a]
President (1797–1801)
Thomas Jefferson Secretary of State (1789–1793)
Vice President (1797–1801)[a]
President (1801–1809)
James Madison Secretary of State (1801–1809)
President (1809–1817)
James Monroe Secretary of State (1811–1817)
Secretary of War (1814–1815)
President (1817–1825)
John Quincy Adams Secretary of State (1817–1825)
President (1825–1829)
Martin Van Buren Secretary of State (1829–1831)
Vice President (1833–1837)[a]
President (1837–1841)
John Tyler Vice President (1841)[a]
President (1841–1845)
James Buchanan Secretary of State (1845–1849)
President (1857–1861)
Millard Fillmore Vice President (1849–1850)[a]
President (1850–1853)
Andrew Johnson Vice President (1865)[a]
President (1865–1869)
Chester Arthur Vice President (1881)[a]
President (1881–1885)
Theodore Roosevelt Vice President (1901)[a]
President (1901–1909)
William Howard Taft Secretary of War (1904–1908)
President (1909–1913)
Calvin Coolidge Vice President (1921–1923)[a]
President (1923–1929)
Herbert Hoover Secretary of Commerce (1921–1928)
President (1929–1933)
Harry S. Truman Vice President (1945)
President (1945–1953)
Richard Nixon Vice President (1953–1961)
President (1969–1974)
Lyndon B. Johnson Vice President (1961–1963)
President (1963–1969)
George H. W. Bush Ambassador to the United Nations (1971–1973)
Vice President (1981–1989)
President (1989–1993)
Gerald Ford Vice President (1973–1974)
President (1974–1977)

Confederate States[edit]

The following served in cabinet positions in both the United States and Confederate States:

Name Offices
Jefferson Davis American Secretary of War (1853–1857)
Confederate President (1861–1865)
John Breckinridge American Vice President (1857–1861)
Confederate Secretary of War (1865)

The following served in multiple cabinet positions in the Confederate States:

Name Offices
Judah Benjamin Attorney General (1861)
Secretary of War (1861–1862)
Secretary of State (1862–1865)

Note[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m The office of Vice President was not a cabinet, or cabinet-level position until Franklin Roosevelt invited John Nance Garner to attend cabinet meetings, although Thomas Marshall attended meetings when Woodrow Wilson was out of the country participating at the Versailles Conference in 1918–1919, and Calvin Coolidge did so during the Harding Administration.

See also[edit]